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1.
Front Oncol ; 10: 563901, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33194637

RESUMO

Glioma is one of the deadliest malignant brain tumors in adults worldwide. MicroRNA (miR) has been reported to be a pivotal regulator in human tumors. The aim of this study was to determine the expression, function, and mechanism of action of miR-1269a in glioma progression. The expression of miR-1269a was higher in both glioma cases reported in databases and glioma cell lines, and it was highly associated with poorer prognosis. Next, it was shown in vitro that mimic of miR-1269a could promote glioma progression and arrest apoptosis, whereas the inhibition of miR-1269a exhibited the opposite effects. In addition, miR-1269a was found to directly target ATRX chromatin remodeler by a dual-luciferase reporter assay. Moreover, ATRX overexpression could reverse the suppressive effects of miR-1269a on proliferation and apoptosis in vitro. In vivo subcutaneous xenograft tumor assay was also performed to confirm the phenotypes and molecular mechanism involved. Taking the findings together, our study implies that the miR-1269a/ATRX axis is a novel therapeutic target of glioma.

2.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0237563, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33021984

RESUMO

In the development of ship anchorage training systems, the problems of low efficiency and poor fidelity exist in the simulation of flexible anchor chains, and a position-based dynamics (PBD) method is proposed to express the chain movement. To satisfy the requirements of simulating anchoring manipulation, the PBD method modifies the position of anchor chain particles by controlling constraints. Using the original distance constraint and bending constraint of the PBD approach, two novel constraints, namely, the long-range attachment (LRA) constraint and pin constraint, are developed to simulate the bending and stretching of the anchor chain. Simulation of ordinary ropes can be achieved using distance and bending constraints. The developed LRA constraint is capable of preventing anchor chain particles from being overstretched. Adoption of the pin constraint is proposed to integrate two particles into one to be calculated as an attempt to simulate the connection between the chain and the anchor. The continuous collision detection (CCD) constraint method considering friction and viscosity is used to detect collisions in the ship anchoring training system. Collision detection covers chain collisions with other objects and chains. Finally, the PBD method is more efficient and robust than the Newton method. Since it has sufficient visual plausibility and can realize real-time visualization, the simulation system developed by the PBD method effective for training crew members.


Assuntos
Navios , Algoritmos , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Fenômenos Físicos , Navios/instrumentação , Navios/estatística & dados numéricos , Treinamento por Simulação
3.
Acta Neurochir (Wien) ; 162(11): 2823-2832, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32385638

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brainstem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs) have been widely monitored to prevent hearing loss (HL) during microvascular decompression (MVD) for hemifacial spasm (HFS); however, their predictive value is still unclear. The aim of this study is to investigate the predictive values of the maximum changes in BAEPs and define the best warning indicator and a cutoff value (CV) during HFS-MVD. METHODS: The clinical data of 93 HFS-MVD patients were retrospectively analysed. The maximum change rates of the latency and amplitude of waves I, III, and V and the interpeak latencies (IPLs) I-III, I-V, and III-V, when BAEPs change most during MVD, were defined. Pure tone audiometry was performed to evaluate hearing loss (HL). Logistic regression, propensity score, receiver operating curve (ROC), and area under the curve (AUC) were used to identify the predictive value of relevant indexes and to determine the CV (with the largest Youden index) of the best index at different levels of HL. RESULTS: The AUCs of BAEPs for predicting HL were 0.98, 0.92, and 0.84 for 50 dB, 30 dB, and 10 dB, respectively. The amplitude of wave V (AwV) was the best single predictive index at all three HL levels. The CV of AwV was 55% (50 dB), 46% (30 dB), and 34% (10 dB). At 50 dB HL, the predictive value of IPLs I-V (AUC 0.89 with CV 0.6 ms) was better than that of LwV (AUC 0.82 with CV 1 ms). CONCLUSION: BAEPs can predict HL well. AwV is the best single predictive index of all BAEPs. The reduction of AwV by 34% (watching), 46% (reporting), and 55% (warning) can be used as a sliding-scale warning sign. In addition, IPLs I-V (> 0.6 ms) and LwV (> 1 ms) should also be observed and reported during MVD.

4.
Oncol Res Treat ; 41(1-2): 14-21, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29402849

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We performed a meta-analysis to estimate the association between IL-13 gene rs20541 (R130Q) polymorphism and the susceptibility of glioma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Potentially eligible studies published before February 1, 2016 were searched in 4 databases including PubMed, EMBASE, EBSCO, and Ovid. Odds ratios (ORs) and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were used to estimate the strength of relationship between the IL-13 gene rs20541 polymorphism and glioma susceptibility. Stata 11.0 software was used to perform the present meta-analysis. RESULTS: In total, 10 case-control studies with 13 datasets including 3,123 cases and 5,390 controls were identified. A significant increase in glioma susceptibility was found in the dominant model (AA + AG vs. GG: OR = 1.14, 95% CI 1.01-1.29; P = 0.031). Significantly decreasing glioma susceptibility was found for Asians in the heterozygote comparison (AG vs. GG: OR = 0.74, 95% CI 0.55-0.99; P = 0.042) and the allele contrast genetic model (A vs. G: OR = 0.67, 95% CI 0.47-0.96; P = 0.028). By contrast, in Caucasians, a significant increase in glioma susceptibility was found in the dominant model (AA + AG vs. GG: OR = 1.25, 95% CI 1.11-1.41; P = 0.000). CONCLUSION: There may be a weak association between the IL-13 gene rs20541 polymorphism and glioma susceptibility, and the associations may be different between ethnicities.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Glioma/genética , Interleucina-13/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Humanos , Viés de Publicação
5.
Acta Neurochir (Wien) ; 159(2): 251-257, 2017 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27783168

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Abnormal muscle response (AMR) has been considered as a predictor of the prognosis after microvascular decompression (MVD) for hemifacial spasm (HFS). However, its predictive value has not always been satisfactory. The objective of this work was to confirm an optimal range of stimulus intensities to elicit AMR in surgery. METHODS: Seventy-two consecutive patients with primary HFS treated by MVD were retrospectively included in this study. A wide range of stimulus intensities from 1 to 100 mA was applied in AMR monitoring. The AMR-elicited threshold value was quantitatively traced throughout all surgical procedures. The relationship between clinical outcomes and electrophysiological findings was analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 72 patients, 44 were immediately cured and 24 were delayed cured; the remaining 4 were proved not to be cured in their follow-up periods. The patterns of AMR-elicited threshold changes were categorized into five types, which could only be discriminated with a wide range of stimulus intensities. The constituent ratio of the patterns was significantly different (P < 0.001) among the clinical outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Some patterns of AMR changes might have been ignored if we had only applied a narrow range of stimulus intensities (1-30 mA) to judge whether AMR disappeared or not. Thus, a wide range of stimulus intensities (1-100 mA) to trace the AMR-elicited threshold values was proposed for a more precise prediction.


Assuntos
Estimulação Elétrica/métodos , Espasmo Hemifacial/cirurgia , Cirurgia de Descompressão Microvascular/métodos , Monitorização Intraoperatória/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
6.
Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi ; 36(7): 831-834, 2016 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30634211

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of Tongmai Jiangtang Capsule (TJC) on experimental diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) rats. METHODS: Forty Wistar rats were divided into the TJC group, the mecobalamin treatment group, the model group, and the normal group according to random digit table, 10 in each group. Except rats in the normal group, DPN rat model was prepared using intraperitoneally in- jecting streptozotocin (STZ) in the rest rats. One rat in the model group died during the modeling. Different drugs were administered by gastrogavage to rats in corresponding groups from the 8th week after successful modeling. TJC (0.23 g crude drugs/mL, 10 mL/kg) was administered to rats in the TJC group by gastrogavage. Suspension of mecobalamin and normal saline (10 mL/kg, 0.05 mg/mL) was administered by gastrogavage to rats in the mecobalamin treatment group to the end of the 12th week. Meanwhile, equal volume of distilled water was administered by gastrogavage to rats in the model group and the normal group. Peripheral nerve conduction velocity was detected in each group. Gait analysis was performed. Changes of intraepidermal nerve fiber were observed by immunohistochemical assay. Pathological changes of tibial nerve tissue were observed using HE staining. RESULTS: (1) Compared with the normal group, the nerve conduction velocity was slowed down; print length (PL), intermediary toe spread (ITS), and toe spread (TS) were added in the model group, with statistical difference (P <0. 01). Compared with the mod- el group, nerve conduction velocity was speeded; PL and ITS decreased in the TJC group and the mecobal- amin treatment group, with statistical difference (P <0. 01). Besides, the nerve conduction velocity was superior in the TJC group than in the mecobalamin treatment group, with statistical difference (P <0. 05). (2) Immunohistochemical results showed, the staining of intraepidermal nerve fiber was not clear and dispersedly distributed in the model group, with no nerve fiber staining in local regions. Nerve fibers were not regular in lesser amount and shallow stained in the mecobalamin treatment group, with no nerve fiber staining in local regions. Nerve fibers were not regular in lesser amount and dispersedly distributed in the TJC group. (3) HE staining showed that tibial nerve tissue was severely swollen with swollen myelin sheath in the mod- el group. It was difficult to identity myelin sheath. Vaculole degenerated in local regions. Swollen axon could be seen. Partial axons were separated and degenerated. In the mecobalamin treatment group tibial nerve tissue was edematous with swollen myelin sheath. It was difficult to identity myelin sheath. Axons were locally separated. In the JMC group tibial nerve tissue was swollen with unclear myelin sheath and swollen axons. CONCLUSION: TJC could improve peripheral neuropathy of diabetic rats.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Neuropatias Diabéticas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Animais , Neuropatias Diabéticas/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Fibras Nervosas/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Ratos Wistar
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