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J Agric Food Chem ; 68(47): 13863-13870, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33166457


Ethyl lactate is an important flavor substance in baijiu, and it is also one of the common raw materials in the production of flavors and spices. In this study, we first established the ethyl lactate biosynthesis pathway in Saccharomyces cerevisiae α(L) by introducing propionyl coenzyme A transferase (Pct) and alcohol acyltransferase (AAT), and the results showed that strain α(L)-CP-Ae produced the most ethyl lactate 239.53 ± 5.45 mg/L. Subsequently, the copy number of the Pctcp gene and AeAT9 gene was increased, and the modified strain α(L)-tCP-tAe produced 346.39 ± 3.99 mg/L ethyl lactate. Finally, the porin gene (por2) and the mitochondrial pyruvate carrier gene (MPC2) were knocked to impede mitochondrial transport of pyruvate, and the final modified strain α(L)-tCP-tAeΔpor2 produced ethyl lactate 420.48 ± 6.03 mg/L.

Eur J Oncol Nurs ; 46: 101767, 2020 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32504878


PURPOSE: After esophagectomy, patients experience a series of problems that severely affect their quality of life. Understanding their unmet needs could help medical staff provide better supportive care. The aim of this study was to investigate the supportive care needs of discharged patients with esophageal cancer after esophagectomy and explore the factors associated with these needs. METHOD: A total of 167 discharged patients with esophageal cancer after esophagectomy were recruited from a University Cancer Center in China and investigated using a self-designed demographic and clinical characteristics questionnaire, the 34-item Supportive Care Needs Survey, and the M.D. Anderson Symptom Inventory Gastrointestinal Cancer Module. RESULTS: Approximately 95.2% of the patients had ≥1 unmet need(s). The overall level of supportive care needs of patients after esophagectomy was mild to medium. Most of the top 10 moderate-to-severe unmet needs were identified in the health and information domains. Age (ß = -0.157, p = 0.011), dysphagia (ß = -0.178, p = 0.005), recurrence (ß = 0.175, p = 0.005), time since diagnosis (ß = -0.150, p = 0.018), and symptom interference (ß = 0.488, p < 0.001) were significantly associated with supportive care needs. CONCLUSIONS: Discharged patients with esophageal cancer after esophagectomy had a wide range of unmet supportive care needs. It is essential to combine the associated factors to accurately evaluate patient needs. We should pay more attention to propose comprehensive measures for these patients and provide more individualized supportive care during the lengthy recovery period.