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1.
Sci Adv ; 5(10): eaax6973, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692752

RESUMO

The dynamic characterization of water multilayers on oxide surfaces is hard to achieve by currently available techniques. Despite this, there is an increasing interest in the evolution of water nanostructures on oxides to fully understand the complex dynamics of ice nucleation and growth in natural and artificial environments. Here, we report the in situ detection of the dynamic evolution of nanoscale water layers on an amorphous oxide surface probed by optical resonances. In the water nanolayer growth process, we find an initial nanocluster morphology that turns into a planar layer beyond a critical thickness. In the reverse process, the planar water film converts to nanoclusters, accompanied by a transition from a planar amorphous layer to crystalline nanoclusters. Our results are explained by a simple thermodynamic model as well as kinetic considerations. Our work represents an approach to reveal the nanostructure and dynamics at the water-oxide interface using resonant light probing.

2.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 14(1): 248, 2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342195

RESUMO

Herein, a magnetic graphene field-effect transistor biosensor was prepared through the transfer of a chemical vapor deposition graphene film onto a glass substrate to produce a sensing film and conductive channel. By fixing 1-pyrenebutanoic acid succinimidyl ester onto graphene film as an anchor, a probe aptamer was immobilized on the graphene film in order to capture magnetically labeled complementary single-stranded DNA. Our experiments showed that, within a periodic magnetic field, the biosensor impedance exhibited a periodic oscillation, the amplitude of which was correlated to the complementary DNA concentration. Based on this principle, the magnetic graphene field-effect transistor was utilized to detect single-stranded DNA with detection limition of 1 pM. The results were rationalized using a model wherein the magnetic force causes the DNA strand to bend, thereby resulting in magnetic nanobeads/DNA modulation of the double conductive layer of graphene transistors. Furthermore, since a periodic magnetic field could be introduced to produce a periodic impedance changes of MGFETs, sampling integration could be used to improve the signal-to-noise ratio efficiently by increasing the number of periods of the external magnetic field. Therefore, a novel biosensor for DNA detection with high sensitivity has been presented in this work. Based on the detection principle, this system may also be a potential tool for detecting other bio-molecules, cells, etc.

3.
Materials (Basel) ; 11(11)2018 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30469387

RESUMO

The electronic structure and spin polarization properties of pentagonal structure PdSe2 doped with transition metal atoms are studied through first- principles calculations. The theoretical investigations show that the band gap of the PdSe2 monolayer decreases after introducing Cr, Mn, Fe and Co dopants. The projected densities of states show that p-d orbital couplings between the transition metal atoms and PdSe2 generate new spin nondegenerate states near the Fermi level which make the system spin polarized. The calculated magnetic moments, spin density distributions and charge transfer of the systems suggest that the spin polarization in Cr-doped PdSe2 will be the biggest. Our work shows that the properties of PdSe2 can be modified by doping transition metal atoms, which provides opportunity for the applications of PdSe2 in electronics and spintronics.

4.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 8(11)2018 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30469395

RESUMO

The electronic structure and the optical properties of Graphene/MoS2 heterostructure (GM) are studied based on density functional theory. Compared with single-layer graphene, the bandgap will be opened; however, the bandgap will be reduced significantly when compared with single-layer MoS2. Redshifts of the absorption coefficient, refractive index, and the reflectance appear in the GM system; however, blueshift is found for the energy loss spectrum. Electronic structure and optical properties of single-layer graphene and MoS2 are changed after they are combined to form the heterostructure, which broadens the extensive developments of two-dimensional materials.

5.
Appl Spectrosc ; 72(11): 1613-1620, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30063384

RESUMO

Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) is a powerful spectroscopy technique to detect and characterize molecules at a very low concentration level. The two-dimensional (2D) semi-conductor layered material, tin diselenide (SnSe2), is used as a new substrate for enhancing the Raman signals of adsorbed molecules. Three kinds of molecules-Rhodamine 6G (R6G), crystal violet (CV), and methylene blue (MB)-are used as probe molecules to evaluate the SERS performance of SnSe2. The Raman signals of different molecules can be enhanced by SnSe2 nanoplates (NPs). The distinguishable Raman signal of R6G molecules can be obtained for adsorbent concentrations as low as 10-17 mol/L. Based on a detailed analysis of the bandgap structure and opto-electrical properties of SnSe2 NPs, we discuss the process of charge transfer and the Raman enhancement mechanism of SnSe2 NP. The high Raman sensitivity of SnSe2 NPs is related to the charge transfer between molecules and SnSe2, 2D layered structure, and indirect bandgap of few-layered SnSe2. The research results will help to expand the application of SnSe2 in microanalysis, improve the measurement accuracy of SERS, and possibly find use in optoelectronic device integration.

6.
Nano Lett ; 11(10): 4107-12, 2011 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21848283

RESUMO

Using conducting probe atomic force microscopy (CAFM) we have investigated the electrical conduction properties of monolayer films of a pentathiophene derivative on a SiO(2)/Si-p+ substrate. By a combination of current-voltage spectroscopy and current imaging we show that lateral charge transport takes place in the plane of the monolayer via hole injection into the highest occupied molecular orbitals of the pentathiophene unit. Our CAFM data suggest that the conductivity is anisotropic relative to the crystalline directions of the molecular lattice.

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