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1.
Heliyon ; 9(1): e12481, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36691533

RESUMO

Background: The growth and aging process of the human population has accelerated the increase in surgical procedures. Yet, the demand for increasing operations can be hardly met since the training of anesthesiologists is usually a long-term process. Closed-loop artificial intelligence (AI) model provides the possibility to solve intelligent decision-making for anesthesia auxiliary control and, as such, has allowed breakthroughs in closed-loop control of clinical practices in intensive care units (ICUs). However, applying an open-loop artificial intelligence algorithm to build up personalized medication for anesthesia still needs to be further explored. Currently, anesthesiologists have selected doses of intravenously pumped anesthetic drugs mainly based on the blood pressure and bispectral index (BIS), which can express the depth of anesthesia. Unfortunately, BIS cannot be monitored at some medical centers or operational procedures and only be regulated by blood pressure. As a result, here we aim to inaugurally explore the feasibility of a basic intelligent control system applied to drug delivery in the maintenance phase of general anesthesia, based on a convolutional neural network model with open-loop design, according to AI learning of existing anesthesia protocols. Methods: A convolutional neural network, combined with both sliding window sampling method and residual learning module, was utilized to establish an "AI anesthesiologist" model for intraoperative dosing of personalized anesthetic drugs (propofol and remifentanil). The fitting degree and difference in pumping dose decision, between the AI anesthesiologist and the clinical anesthesiologist, for these personalized anesthetic drugs were examined during the maintenance phase of anesthesia. Results: The medication level established by the "AI anesthesiologist" was comparable to that obtained by the clinical anesthesiologist during the maintenance phase of anesthesia. Conclusion: The application of an open-loop decision-making plan by convolutional neural network showed that intelligent anesthesia control is consistent with the actual anesthesia control, thus providing possibility for further evolution and optimization of auxiliary intelligent control of depth of anesthesia.

2.
Light Sci Appl ; 12(1): 7, 2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36588103

RESUMO

Photothermal effect in a gas-filled hollow-core fiber may result in agile mid-infrared optical modulators for broadband phase modulation and high extinction ratio intensity modulation.

3.
Opt Lett ; 48(2): 419-422, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36638472

RESUMO

In this Letter, a sensitive light-induced thermoelastic spectroscopy (LITES)-based trace gas sensor by exploiting a super tiny quartz tuning fork (QTF) was demonstrated. The prong length and width of this QTF are 3500 µm and 90 µm, respectively, which determines a resonant frequency of 6.5 kHz. The low resonant frequency is beneficial to increase the energy accumulation time in a LITES sensor. The geometric dimension of QTF on the micrometer scale is advantageous to obtain a great thermal expansion and thus can produce a strong piezoelectric signal. The temperature gradient distribution of the super tiny QTF was simulated based on the finite element analysis and is higher than that of the commercial QTF with 32.768 kHz. Acetylene (C2H2) was used as the analyte. Under the same conditions, the use of the super tiny QTF achieved a 1.64-times signal improvement compared with the commercial QTF. The system shows excellent long-term stability according to the Allan deviation analysis, and a minimum detection limit (MDL) would reach 190 ppb with an integration time of 220 s.

5.
BMC Genom Data ; 24(1): 2, 2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36600198

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that the protein kinase cGMP-dependent 2 (PRKG2) gene is associated with dwarfism in humans, dogo Argentines, and Angus cattle, as well as with height and osteoblastogenesis in humans. Therefore, the PRKG2 gene was used as the target gene to explore whether this gene is associated with several thoracolumbar vertebrae and carcass traits in Dezhou donkeys. RESULTS: In this study, fifteen SNPs were identified by targeted sequencing, all of which were located in introns of the PRKG2 gene. Association analysis illustrated that the g.162153251 G > A, g.162156524 C > T, g.162158453 C > T and, g.162163775 T > G were significantly different from carcass weight. g.162166224 G > A, g.162166654 T > A, g.162167165 C > A, g.162167314 A > C and, g.162172653 G > C were significantly associated with the number of thoracic vertebrae. g.162140112 A > G was significantly associated with the number and the length of lumbar vertebrae, and g.162163775 T > G was significantly associated with the total number of thoracolumbar vertebrae. CONCLUSION: Overall, the results of this study suggest that PRKG2 gene polymorphism can be used as a molecular marker to breed high-quality Dezhou donkeys.


Assuntos
Proteína Quinase Dependente de GMP Cíclico Tipo II , Equidae , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Animais , Proteína Quinase Dependente de GMP Cíclico Tipo II/genética , Equidae/genética , Íntrons , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Coluna Vertebral
6.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202218510, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36625681

RESUMO

Generating FeIV =O on single-atom catalysts by Fenton-like reaction has been established for water treatment; however, the FeIV =O generation pathway and oxidation behavior remain obscure. Employing an Fe-N-C catalyst with a typical Fe-N4 moiety to activate peroxymonosulfate (PMS), we demonstrate that generating FeIV =O is mediated by an Fe-N-C-PMS* complex-a well-recognized nonradical species for induction of electron-transfer oxidation-and we determined that adjacent Fe sites with a specific Fe1 -Fe1 distance are required. After the Fe atoms with an Fe1 -Fe1 distance <4 Šare PMS-saturated, Fe-N-C-PMS* formed on Fe sites with an Fe1 -Fe1 distance of 4-5 Šcan coordinate with the adjacent FeII -N4 , forming an inter-complex with enhanced charge transfer to produce FeIV =O. FeIV =O enables the Fenton-like system to efficiently oxidize various pollutants in a substrate-specific, pH-tolerant, and sustainable manner, where its prominent contribution manifests for pollutants with higher one-electron oxidation potential.

7.
Neurobiol Aging ; 121: 64-77, 2023 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36379094

RESUMO

Although olfactory deficits have been found in patients with early-stage Alzheimer's disease (AD), the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here we investigated whether and how human amyloid ß (Aß) oligomers affect neural activity in the piriform cortex (PC) slices of adult mice. We found that oligomeric Aß1-42 decreased the excitability of pyramidal neurons in the anterior PC. The effect was not blocked by glutamate or GABAA receptor antagonists, suggesting that Aß1-42-induced hypoactivity is independent of glutamatergic and GABAergic transmission. Interestingly, the hypoexcitability was occluded by serotonin (5-HT) and blocked by antagonists of 5-HT2C receptors, phospholipase C (PLC), and calcium-activated potassium (BK) channels. Furthermore, Aß1-42 oligomers failed to increase K+-channel currents in the presence of a BK channel blocker. Finally, 5-HT2C receptor antagonist improved olfactory memory and odor discrimination in APP/PS1 mice. The above data indicate that Aß disrupts olfactory information output from the PC via the 5-HT-5-HT2C receptor-PLC-BK channel pathway. This study reveals that serotonergic modulation is a potential novel therapeutic target for olfactory damage in AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Córtex Piriforme , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Serotonina/metabolismo , Receptor 5-HT2C de Serotonina/metabolismo , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Canais de Potássio Ativados por Cálcio de Condutância Alta/metabolismo
8.
Photoacoustics ; 29: 100436, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36570473

RESUMO

We report on the development of a highly sensitive hydrogen sulfide (H2S) gas sensor exploiting the doubly resonant photoacoustic spectroscopy technique and using a near-infrared laser emitting at 1578.128 nm. By targeting the R(4) transition of H2S, we achieved a minimum detection limit of 10 part per billion in concentration and a normalized noise equivalent absorption coefficient of 8.9 × 10-12 W cm-1 Hz-1/2. A laser-cavity-molecule locking strategy is proposed to enhance the sensor stability for fast measurement when dealing with external disturbances. A comparison among the state-of-the-art H2S sensors using various spectroscopic techniques confirmed the record sensitivity achieved in this work.

9.
Langmuir ; 39(1): 101-110, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36541659

RESUMO

A dielectrophoretic device employing a planar array of microelectrodes is designed for controlled transport of individual microparticles. By exciting the electrodes in sequence, a moving dielectrophoretic force is created that can drag a particle across the electrodes in a straight line. The electrode shapes are designed to counter any lateral drift of the trapped particle during transport. This facilitates single particle transport by creating a narrow two-dimensional corridor for the moving dielectrophoretic force to operate on. The design and analysis processes are discussed in detail. Numerical simulations are performed to calculate the electromagnetic field distribution and the generated dielectrophoretic force near the electrodes. The Langevin equation is used for analyzing the trajectory of a microparticle under the influence of the external forces. The simulations show how the designed electrode geometry produces the necessary lateral confinement required for successful particle transport. Finally, experimental results are presented showing controlled bidirectional linear transport of single polystyrene beads of radius 10 and 5 µm for a distances 840 and 1100 µm, respectively. The capabilities of the proposed platform make it suitable for micro total analysis systems (µTAS) and lab-on-a-chip (LOC) applications.


Assuntos
Dispositivos Lab-On-A-Chip , Poliestirenos , Microeletrodos , Eletroforese/métodos
10.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 15(1): 338-353, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36580409

RESUMO

Dysregulation of superoxide anion (O2-) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) metabolism in the microenvironment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) drives the feedback loops of TNF-α and IL-1ß thereby inducing an inflammatory storm between immune cells and joint tissue cells. Here, we combine nanoscale manganese dioxide (MnO2) with microvesicles derived from macrophage (MMV). The former possesses superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT)-like activities that can modulate this imbalance, and we amplify the enzyme-like activities by using the amorphous hollow mesoporous structure and surface modification. The latter is a natural endogenous component with the parent cell-like inflammatory homing ability and a unique function of transmitting information to surrounding and distant cells (″messenger function″), which helps amorphous hollow MnO2 (H-MnO2) nanozymes to cloak in the blood and reach the site of inflammation, where they can not only accumulate in activated macrophages but also pretend to be ″messengers″ that are utilized by fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) and chondrocytes. In addition, we also load dexamethasone sodium phosphate (DSP) for helping the nanozymes work. Messenger nanozyme (MMV-MnO2@DSP) inherits the natural properties of MMV and mimics the enzymatic activity of SOD and CAT. It accumulates in activated macrophages to restore the metabolism of O2- and H2O2 while promoting repolarization and inhibits the feedback loops of TNF-α and IL-1ß among macrophages, fibroblast-like synoviocytes, and chondrocytes, leading to anti-rheumatoid arthritis effects in vitro and in vivo.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Compostos de Manganês , Humanos , Compostos de Manganês/farmacologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Óxidos/farmacologia , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas
11.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2557: 691-707, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36512245

RESUMO

The Golgi apparatus is one of the major sites of protein and lipid glycosylation and processing. Protein N-glycosylation plays critical roles in protein folding, transport, stability, and activity. Various glycosyltransferases and glycoside hydrolases are localized at each cisterna in the Golgi apparatus and synthesize a large variety of N-glycan structures. The biosynthetic pathways of N-glycans are complicated, which hiders the rational design of glycan metabolic pathways. In addition, the analysis of glycan structure requires specialized instruments for analyses such as mass spectrometry, high-performance liquid chromatography, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, which are not familiar to all laboratories. Here, we introduce relatively simple methods for N-glycan analysis, including disruption of genes encoding glycosyltransferases or glycoside hydrolases, glycan structural analysis using lectins and mass spectrometry, and visualization of glycan metabolic pathways in silico.


Assuntos
Glicosiltransferases , Lectinas , Espectrometria de Massas , Glicosiltransferases/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos/química , Glicosídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Coloração e Rotulagem
12.
Gerontology ; : 1-22, 2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36470214

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Senile osteoporosis is one of the most common age-related diseases worldwide. Glucagon like peptide-2 (GLP-2), a naturally occurring gastrointestinal peptide, possesses therapeutic effects on bone loss in postmenopausal women and ovariectomized rats. However, the role of GLP-2 in senile osteoporosis and underlying mechanisms has not been explored. METHODS: GLP-2 was subcutaneously injected into the 6-month-old male senile osteoporosis model of senescence-accelerated mouse prone 6 (SAMP6) mice for 6 weeks. SAMP6 subjected to normal saline and senescence-accelerated mouse resistant 1 served as control groups. Micro-computed tomography was performed to evaluate the bone mass and microarchitecture of the mice. Osteoblastic and osteoclastic activities were determined by biochemical, quantitative real-time PCR, histological, and histomorphometric analyses combined with hematoxylin-eosin, toluidine blue, and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase staining. We also examined the proteins and structure of intestinal tight junction using immunohistochemical assay as well as a transmission electron microscope. Serum inflammation marker levels were measured using ELISA. Additionally, anti-oxidative enzymes GPX-4 and SOD-2 and receptors of GLP-2 and vitamin D expression in the ileum and colon were detected under immunofluorescence staining. RESULTS: Six-week GLP-2 treatment attenuated bone loss in SAMP6 mice, as evidenced by increased bone mineral density, improved microarchitecture in femora, and enhanced osteogenic activities. In contrast, the activity of osteoclastic activity was not obviously inhibited. Moreover, GLP-2 ameliorated tight junction structure and protein expression in the intestinal barrier, which was accompanied by the reduction of TNF-α level. The expression of receptors of intestinal GLP-2 and vitamin D in the ileum was elevated. Furthermore, the oxidative stress in the intestines was improved by increasing the GPX-4 and SOD-2 signaling. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that GLP-2 could ameliorate age-associated bone loss, tight junction structure, and improved antioxidant enzyme activity in the gut in SAMP6 mice. Amelioration of gut barrier dysfunction may potentially contribute to improving bone formation and provide evidence for targeting the entero-bone axis in the treatment of senile osteoporosis.

13.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 1052110, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36467061

RESUMO

Zhilong Huoxue Tongyu capsule (ZHTC) is an effective traditional Chinese medicine compound for the treatment of ischemic stroke, which is widely used in clinical ischemic stroke patients. However, it is uncertain whether ZHTC affects ischemic stroke through gut microbiota and serum metabolites. In this study, a rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was prepared. By evaluating motor nerve function score, cerebral infarct size, brain tissue damage and intestinal barrier damage, it was found that ZHTC improved stroke-related symptoms in MCAO rats. Using 16S rRNA gene sequencing, fecal microbial transplantation (FMT), untargeted metabolomics, and spearman correlation analysis of gut microbiota and serum metabolites, we found that ZHTC can regulate the abundance of p_Firmicutes, p_Bacteroidota,p_Proteobacteria, g_Prevotella, and g_Lactobacillus, and regulated 23 differential metabolites. Spearman correlation analysis found that Arginine was positively correlated with p_Firmicutes, o_Clostridiales, c_Clostridia, and negatively correlated with p_Bacteroidetes, c_Bacteroidia,o_Bacteroidales; L-Lysine was negatively correlated with f_Christensenellaceae; L-methionine was positively correlated with o_Lactobacillales, f_Lactobacillaceae, and g_Lactobacillus. Altogether, this study shows for the first time that ZHTC can ameliorate ischemic stroke by modulating gut microbiota and metabolic disturbances. This lays the foundation for further revealing the causal relationship between ZHTC, gut dysbiosis, plasma metabolite levels and ischemic stroke, and provides a scientific explanation for the ameliorating effect of ZHTC on ischemic stroke.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36453244

RESUMO

Photocatalytic H2 evolution and biomass-derived alcohol oxidation is a cooperative way for improving the utilization of photogenerated charge carriers. Herein, a highly efficient photocatalyst was fabricated by decorating Zn0.5Cd0.5S with a C,N codoped CoP polyhedron (referred to as CoP, derived from ZIF-67), and then it was used for H2 evolution and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) oxidation. For the optimized sample (20% CoP/Zn0.5Cd0.5S), the generated H2 rate is significantly enhanced from that of the HMF aqueous solution with 2,5-diformylfuran (DFF) as a concomitant product, about 31.7 times higher than the pristine Zn0.5Cd0.5S under visible light irradiation. The separation of photoexcited electrons (e-) and holes (h+) in the process was promoted, as both e- and h+ were involved in the desired conversions. From the results of density functional theory (DFT) calculations and in situ XPS spectra, the utilization of e- was further improved as a spontaneous transfer from Zn0.5Cd0.5S to CoP occurred due to the p-n heterojunction formed between Zn0.5Cd0.5S (n type) and CoP (p type). This work provides an efficient method to separate the photoinduced charge carriers and a new way for H2 evolution accompanied by transformation of HMF to DFF.

15.
Hum Cell ; 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36454390

RESUMO

Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is the most prevalent form of lung cancer and has a poor prognosis. RAD54L is a DNA repair protein upregulated in several cancer types, but its role in LUAD progression remains unclear. The objective of this study was to characterise the molecular pathways that oncogenic RAD54L modulates to drive LUAD progression. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA)‒LUAD dataset was analysed to compare the RAD54L mRNA expression in LUAD tumours to that in normal lung tissue. RAD54L and E2F7 mRNA expression was confirmed in human cancer cell lines using RT-qPCR. Bioinformatics tools were used to predict the target genes and downstream signalling pathways of RAD54L. Proteins related to RAD54L, apoptosis, migration, and the mTORC1 pathway were assessed by Western blotting. Using the TCGA‒LUAD dataset, we found that RAD54L was higher in LUAD tumours compared to that in non-cancerous lung tissue, and RAD54L levels were significantly correlated with pathological TNM stage and unfavourable prognosis in patients with LUAD. RAD54L was ubiquitously upregulated in LUAD cells (NCI-H1975, H1299, H23 and A549). Furthermore, RAD54L silencing decreased cell proliferation, invasion, and migration, and induced cell apoptosis and G1 cell cycle phase arrest in H1299 and H23 human lung cancer cell lines. E2F7 was predicted as a target gene of RAD54L. E2F7 overexpression restored malignant cell behaviour in si-RAD54L-treated H1299 cells. Bioinformatic analysis suggested that the mTORC1 signalling pathway is downstream of RAD54L. Rapamycin treatment impaired RAD54L-mediated malignant cell behaviour in H1299 cells. Additionally, RAD54L promoted the progression of xenograft tumours and metastasis in vivo. In conclusion, the E2F7-RAD54L axis promotes the progression of LUAD through the mTORC1 signalling pathway.

16.
Front Genet ; 13: 969959, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36482906

RESUMO

The number of thoracolumbar vertebrae in Dezhou donkeys varies from 22 to 24 and is associated with body size and carcass traits. In mammals, the latent transforming growth factor beta binding protein 2 (LTBP2) has been found to have some functions in the development of thoracolumbar vertebrae. The relationship between LTBP2 and TLN (the number of thoracolumbar vertebrae) of Dezhou donkeys is yet to be reported. The purposes of this study are as follows: 1) to quantify the effect of thoracolumbar vertebrae number variation of Dezhou donkeys on body size and carcass trait; 2) to study the distribution of single nucleotide variants (SNVs) in the LTBP2 gene of Dezhou donkeys; and 3) to explore whether these SNVs can be used as candidate sites to study the mechanism of Dezhou donkey muti-thoracolumbar vertebrae development. The TLN, body size, and carcass traits of 392 individuals from a Dezhou donkey breed were recorded. All animals were sequenced for LTBP2 using GBTS liquid chip and 16 SNVs were used for further analysis. We then analyzed the relationship between these SNVs with TLN, body size, and carcass traits. The results showed that: 1) c.5547 + 860 C > T, c.5251 + 281 A > C, c.3769 + 40 C > T, and c.2782 + 3975 A > G were complete genetic linkages and significantly associated with thoracic vertebrae number (TN) (p < 0.05) (wild-type homozygotes had more TN than heterozygotes); 2) c.1381 + 768 T > G and c.1381 + 763 G > T were significantly associated with lumber vertebrae number (LN) (p < 0.05); 3) c.1003 + 704 C > T, c.1003 + 651 C > T, c.1003 + 626 A > G, and c.812 + 22526 T > G were significantly associated with chest circumference (CHC), front carcass weight (CWF), after carcass weight (CWA), and carcass weight (CW) (p < 0.05) (wild-type homozygotes were larger than other genotypes in CHC, CWF, CWA, and CW); and 4) the effect of variation is not consistent in c.565 + 11921 A > G, c.565 + 6840 A > G, c.565 + 3453 C > T, and c.494 + 5808 C > T. These results provide useful information that the polymorphism of LTBP2 is significantly associated with TLN, body size, and carcass traits in Dezhou donkeys, which can serve as a molecule marker to improve donkey production performance.

17.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 969664, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36504821

RESUMO

The biofloc technology (BFT) system has been widely applied in the shrimp and fish culture industry for its advantages in water-saving, growth improvement, and water quality purification. However, The BFT system usually takes a long time to establish, and the extra carbon source input increases the maintenance cost of the system. In this study, we aimed to develop a low-cost and high-efficient BFT system for Litopenaeus vannamei by applying bacteria that could promote the formation of BFT and utilize cheap carbon sources. Three bioflocculant-producing bacteria strains (M13, M15, and M17) have been screened from a cellulolytic strain collection. All three strains have been identified as Bacillus spp. and can use sugarcane bagasse (SB) as a carbon source, which is a cheap byproduct of the sucrose industry in the tropic area of China. Compared to sucrose, the addition of SB and the three strains could improve the biofloc formation rate, biofloc size distribution, ammonia removal rate, and the growth performance of the shrimps. These results suggest that the bioflocculant and cellulase-producing bacteria strains could promote the biofloc formation and the growth of shrimps by using SB as an economic substitute carbon source in the BFT shrimp culture system.

18.
Front Oncol ; 12: 895177, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36505880

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of the study is to develop and validate a deep learning model to predict the platinum sensitivity of patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) based on contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Methods: In this retrospective study, 93 patients with EOC who received platinum-based chemotherapy (≥4 cycles) and debulking surgery at the Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital from January 2011 to January 2020 were enrolled and randomly assigned to the training and validation cohorts (2:1). Two different models were built based on either the primary tumor or whole volume of the abdomen as the volume of interest (VOI) within the same cohorts, and then a pre-trained convolutional neural network Med3D (Resnet 10 version) was transferred to automatically extract 1,024 features from two MRI sequences (CE-T1WI and T2WI) of each patient to predict platinum sensitivity. The performance of the two models was compared. Results: A total of 93 women (mean age, 50.5 years ± 10.5 [standard deviation]) were evaluated (62 in the training cohort and 31 in the validation cohort). The AUCs of the whole abdomen model were 0.97 and 0.98 for the training and validation cohorts, respectively, which was better than the primary tumor model (AUCs of 0.88 and 0.81 in the training and validation cohorts, respectively). In k-fold cross-validation and stratified analysis, the whole abdomen model maintained a stable performance, and the decision function value generated by the model was a prognostic indicator that successfully discriminates high- and low-risk recurrence patients. Conclusion: The non-manually segmented whole-abdomen deep learning model based on MRI exhibited satisfactory predictive performance for platinum sensitivity and may assist gynecologists in making optimal treatment decisions.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36516081

RESUMO

Introduction: The B3 transcription factor has been identified in Arabidopsis thaliana, Oryza sativa, and Solanum lycopersicum, among other species. This family of transcription factors regulates seed growth, development, and stress. Cannabis is a valuable crop with numerous applications; however, no B3 transcription factors have been identified in this plant. Materials and Methods: The cannabis B3 gene family was identified and analyzed using bioinformatics analysis tools, such as the NCBI database, plantTFDB website, TBtools, and MEGA software. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) experiments were used to confirm its function. Results: The cannabis B3 family contains 65 members spread across 10 chromosomes. The isoelectric point ranged from 10.03 to 4.65, and the molecular weight ranged from 99,542.88 to 14,310.9 Da. Most of the members were found in the nucleus. The upstream promoter region of the gene contains a variety of cis-acting elements related to the stress response. RNA-seq data and qRT-PCR results showed that CsB3 genes were expressed differently in five organs of female Diku plants and in glandular hairs of nine distinct types of female cannabis inflorescences. Collinearity analysis revealed that there were more homologous genes between cannabis and dicotyledons than monocotyledonous plants, which was consistent with the evolutionary relationship. Conclusions: Hormones and external environmental factors might influence CsB3 expression. Furthermore, some genes such as CsB3-02, CsB3-07, CsB3-50, CsB3-62, and CsB3-65 may participate in cannabis growth and development and play a role in secondary metabolite synthesis. This study provides a solid foundation for further research into the gene function of the cannabis B3 family.

20.
ACS Nano ; 16(12): 20272-20280, 2022 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36508482

RESUMO

Photodetection is one of the vital functions for the multifunctional "More than Moore" (MtM) microchips urgently required by Internet of Things (IoT) and artificial intelligence (AI) applications. The further improvement of the performance of photodetectors faces various challenges, including materials, fabrication processes, and device structures. We demonstrate in this work MoS2 photodetectors with a nanoscale channel length and a back-gate device structure. With the mechanically exfoliated six-monolayer-thick MoS2, a Schottky contact between source/drain electrodes and MoS2, a high responsivity of 4.1 × 103 A W-1, and a detectivity of 1.34 × 1013 cm Hz1/2 W-1 at 650 nm were achieved. The devices are also sensitive to multiwavelength lights, including 520 and 405 nm. The electrical and optoelectronic properties of the MoS2 photodetectors were studied in depth, and the working mechanism of the devices was analyzed. The photoinduced Schottky barrier lowering (PIBL) was found to be important for the high performance of the phototransistor.

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