Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 189
Filtrar
1.
Genome Biol ; 22(1): 290, 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34649616

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cellular RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) have multiple roles in post-transcriptional control, and some are shown to bind DNA. However, the global localization and the general chromatin-binding ability of RBPs are not well-characterized and remain undefined in hematopoietic cells. RESULTS: We first provide a full view of RBPs' distribution pattern in the nucleus and screen for chromatin-enriched RBPs (Che-RBPs) in different human cells. Subsequently, by generating ChIP-seq, CLIP-seq, and RNA-seq datasets and conducting combined analysis, the transcriptional regulatory potentials of certain hematopoietic Che-RBPs are predicted. From this analysis, quaking (QKI5) emerges as a potential transcriptional activator during monocytic differentiation. QKI5 is over-represented in gene promoter regions, independent of RNA or transcription factors. Furthermore, DNA-bound QKI5 activates the transcription of several critical monocytic differentiation-associated genes, including CXCL2, IL16, and PTPN6. Finally, we show that the differentiation-promoting activity of QKI5 is largely dependent on CXCL2, irrespective of its RNA-binding capacity. CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicates that Che-RBPs are versatile factors that orchestrate gene expression in different cellular contexts, and identifies QKI5, a classic RBP regulating RNA processing, as a novel transcriptional activator during monocytic differentiation.

2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(15): 3970-3979, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472274

RESUMO

The traditional Chinese medicines(TCM) for activating blood circulation and the TCM for regulating Qi are often used in combination in clinical practice. However, their mechanisms are still unclear. The activity spectrum of targets can fuse the active components, targets and intensity of action, which provides support for the discussion of efficacy targets. The chemical components of common TCM sets for activating blood circulation and regulating Qi, as well as the negative sets not for activating blood circulation and re-gulating Qi were obtained from the database of TCM. By the similarity analysis of chemical components in TCM for activating blood circulation and DrugBank database, the predicted targets of chemical components in TCM for activating blood circulation were obtained, and the similarity value of the two was taken as the activity value of the active components and predicted targets. Then, the component-target activity value was weighted. The activity values of herb acting on the same target were fused to construct activity spectra of targets of the herbs for activating blood circulation, herbs for regulating Qi and negative herbs. The targets whose activity values of activating blood circulation and regulating Qi were higher than those of negative herbs were selected as potential targets of efficacy. Protein-protein interaction networks were constructed for topological, GO and KEGG enrichment analysis to determine the key targets of efficacy of activating blood circulation and regulating Qi. The component-target activity information collected from DrugBank database contained 4 499 compounds, 627 targets and 11 295 action relationships. The activating blood function protein-protein interaction network contained 206 nodes and 1 728 edges, while the regulating Qi function protein-protein interaction network contained 230 nodes and 986 edges. The enrichment analysis of topology, GO and KEGG showed that TCM for activating blood circulation mainly exerted its anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective and angiogenic effects on signaling cascade pathway mediated by VEGF/VEGFR2, ERK signaling pathway, calcium signaling pathway and PI3 K-AKT signaling pathway, and the key targets included mitogen activated protein kinases 3(MAPK3), proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase Src(SRC), mitogen activated protein kinases 1(MAPK1), epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR), phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha isoform(PIK3 CA), peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor gamma(PPARG), nitric oxide synthase 3(NOS3), prostaglandin G/H synthetase 2(PTGS2), matrix metalloproteinase-9(MMP9), and vascular endothelial growth factor A(VEGFA). TCM for regulating Qi mainly exerted anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects by acting on MAPK signaling pathway and PI3 K-AKT signaling pathway, and the key targets included mitogen activated protein kinases 8(MAPK8), SRC, mitogen activated protein kinases 14(MAPK14), and RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase(AKT1), mitogen activated protein kinases 3(MAPK3). Based on the activity spectrum of targets, the targets of the TCM for activating blood and the targets of the TCM for regulating Qi were analyzed to provide reference for the study of efficacy targets of TCM, and also provide some scientific basis for clinical application.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Qi , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular
3.
Health Phys ; 121(5): 506-512, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34510073

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: In order to provide safe operating conditions for radiation workers and the public at large, the radiation shielding for radiotherapy treatment rooms will have to be determined by an expert physicist according to the applicable radiation control regulations. A new radiosurgery system with integrated self-shielding, called the Zap-X, obviates the need for costly and complex radiation bunkers. Radiation levels in the vicinity of the ZAP-X radiosurgery system were acquired for a number of different operating conditions, and a 3D radiation dose distribution was measured for better visualization of hot spots and the general dose distribution. The radiation shielding requirements were evaluated according to the International and Chinese standards, respectively. While the integral self-shielding of the Zap-X was designed in accordance with international standards, it was found to be insufficient for Chinese standards. In order to meet the needs of the growing new generation of radiotherapy equipment, several suggestions for improvement of Chinese standards are proposed.

4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(16): 4238-4243, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467738

RESUMO

Wuwei Ganlu, a formula for medicated bath, consists of medicinal materials of Ephedra sinica, Platycladus orientalis, Myricaria squamosa, Artemisia carvifolia, and Rhododendron anthopogonoides, which is effective in inducing perspiration, resisting inflammation, relieving pain, regulating yellow water disease, and activating blood circulation. On this basis, a variety of formulas for Tibetan medicated bath have been derived for the treatment of diseases in internal organs, joints, nerves, etc. Modern studies have confirmed that Wuwei Ganlu has a good therapeutic efficacy on knee osteoarthritis(KOA). The present study explored the mechanism of Wuwei Ganlu in treating KOA based on network pharmacology and molecular docking. Firstly, the chemical components of Wuwei Ganlu were obtained through literature mining and database retrieval, and corresponding potential targets were predicted according to the BATMAN-TCM database. The protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was obtained after the potential targets were input into the STRING database. The network function modules were analyzed by the Molecular Complex Detection(MCODE) algorithm, and the functions of the modules were annotated to analyze the action mode of Wuwei Ganlu. Secondly, the related targets of KOA were collected through the DisGeNET database, and the overlapping targets were confirmed to analyze the mechanism of Wuwei Ganlu in treating KOA. Finally, the key targets were selected for molecular docking with the main components of Wuwei Ganlu to verify the component-target interaction. A total of 550 chemical components and 1 365 potential targets of Wuwei Ganlu were obtained. PPI analysis indicated that this formula could exert the effects of oxidation-reduction, inflammation resistance, bone absorption, bone mineralization, etc. Nineteen common targets were obtained from the intersection of potential targets of Wuwei Ganlu and KOA disease targets. It was found that the Wuwei Ganlu mainly acts on nuclear factor-κB(NF-κB), interleukin-1 beta(IL1ß), tumor necrosis factor(TNF), IL6, IL1 receptor antagonist(IL1 RN), and prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase-2(PTGS2) to treat KOA. Among the 550 chemical components of Wuwei Ganlu, 252 potential active components were docked with TNF and 163 with PTGS2, indicating good binding of the components with potential key targets. The study preliminarily explored the mechanism of Wuwei Ganlu in treating KOA to provide a reference for the further development and utilization of Tibetan medicated bath that has been included in the UN Intangible Cultural Heritage.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Inflamação , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(18): 4824-4832, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581094

RESUMO

As one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers in the world, female breast cancer is induced by the high level of estrogen. Saussureae Involucratae Herba(SIH), a gynecological medicinal, regulates estrogen-induced diseases. However, the therapeutic effect of SIH on breast cancer has not been reported. Therefore, this study aims to explore the potential efficacy of SIH on breast cancer based on in vitro experiment and network pharmacology. The inhibitory effect of SIH water extract on proliferation and migration of breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells was examined. The result demonstrated SIH water extract significantly suppressed the proliferation of breast cancer cells(IC_(50)=6.47 mg·mL~(-1)) and also restricted the migration. A total of 39 components of SIH were retrieved from traditional Chinese medicine database(TCMD) and 160 targets of SIH were screened by target fishing with the PharmaDB database. The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man(OMIM) was used to establish a 1 001-targets data set of breast cancer. Based on the overlaps(45) of targets between SIH and breast cancer, a protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was built to analyze the interactions among these targets with STRING platform and Cytoscape. Finally, through topology and GO and KEGG analysis, 8 targets, 101 pathways and 85 biological processes were found to involve the treatment of breast cancer by SIH. SIH may exert the anti-breast cancer effect by regulating cell cycle, inhibiting proliferation, migration and adhesion of cancer cells, and modulating estrogen receptor. This study clarified the mechanism of SIH in treating breast cancer, which lays a foundation for the further development of SIH.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Feminino , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
6.
Cancer Cell ; 39(9): 1214-1226.e10, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34375612

RESUMO

PARP7 is a monoPARP that catalyzes the transfer of single units of ADP-ribose onto substrates to change their function. Here, we identify PARP7 as a negative regulator of nucleic acid sensing in tumor cells. Inhibition of PARP7 restores type I interferon (IFN) signaling responses to nucleic acids in tumor models. Restored signaling can directly inhibit cell proliferation and activate the immune system, both of which contribute to tumor regression. Oral dosing of the PARP7 small-molecule inhibitor, RBN-2397, results in complete tumor regression in a lung cancer xenograft and induces tumor-specific adaptive immune memory in an immunocompetent mouse cancer model, dependent on inducing type I IFN signaling in tumor cells. PARP7 is a therapeutic target whose inhibition induces both cancer cell-autonomous and immune stimulatory effects via enhanced IFN signaling. These data support the targeting of a monoPARP in cancer and introduce a potent and selective PARP7 inhibitor to enter clinical development.

7.
Acta Biomater ; 2021 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34311104

RESUMO

Oxidative stability of radiation crosslinked ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) artificial joints is significantly improved by vitamin E (VE), but there is a dilemma that VE hinders crosslinking and thus jeopardizes the wear of UHMWPE. In this effort, we proposed an efficient strategy to stabilize UHMWPE under limited antioxidant contents, where VE and D-sorbitol (DS) were used as the primary antioxidant and the secondary antioxidant respectively. For non-irradiated blends with fixed antioxidant contents, oxidative stability accessed by oxidation induction time (OIT) of VE/DS/UHMWPE blends was superior to that of VE/UHMWPE blends, while DS/UHMWPE blends showed no increase in OIT. The cooperation between DS and VE exhibited a synergistic effect on enhancing the oxidative stability of UHMWPE. Interestingly, the irradiated VE/DS/UHMWPE blends showed comparable OIT but a significantly higher crosslink density than the irradiated VE/UHMWPE blends. The crystallinity, melting point, and in vitro biocompatibility of the blends were not affected by VE and DS. The quantitative relationships of mechanical properties, oxidation stability, crystallinity and crosslink density were established to unveil the correlation of these key factors. The overall properties of VE/UHMWPE and VE/DS/UHMWPE blends were compared to elucidate the superiority of the antioxidant compounding strategy. These findings provide a paradigm to break the trade-off between oxidative stability, crosslink density and mechanical properties, which is constructive to develop UHMWPE bearings with upgraded performance for total joint replacements. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: VE-stabilized UHMWPE is the most commonly used material in total joint replacements at present. However, oxidation and wear resistance of VE/UHMWPE implants cannot be unified since VE reduces the efficiency of radiation crosslinking. It limits the use of VE. Herein, we proposed a compounding stabilization by the synergy between VE and DS. The antioxidation capability of VE was revived by DS, thus enhancing the oxidation stability of unirradiated UHMWPE. The irradiated VE/DS/UHMWPE exhibited similar oxidation stability but higher crosslink density than irradiated VE/UHMWPE, which is beneficial to combat wear of UHMWPE and to inhibit the occurrence of osteolysis. This synergistic antioxidation strategy endows the UHMWPE joint material with good overall performance, which is of clinical significance.

8.
Cancer Med ; 10(18): 6207-6217, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34318626

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the frailty status in Chinese cancer patients through establishing a novel prediction algorithm. METHODS: The percentage of frailty in various age groups, locations, and tumor types in Chinese cancer patients was investigated. The prediction capacity of frailty on mortality of Chinese cancer patients was analysed by the frailty index composing of routine laboratory data (FI-LAB) accessible from a blood test and calculated as the ratio of abnormal factors to 22 total variables. The establishment of a novel algorithm, MCP (mortality of cancer patients), to predict the 5-year mortality in Chinese cancer patients was accomplished and the algorithm's prediction capacity was tested in the training and validation sets using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. RESULTS: We found that the risk of death in cancer patients can be successfully identified through FI-LAB. The univariable and multivariable Cox regression were used to evaluate the effect of frailty on death. In the 5-year follow-up, 20.6% of the 2959 participants (age = 55.8 ± 11.7 years; 43.5% female) died, while the mean FI-LAB score in baseline was 0.23 (standard deviation = 0.13; range = 0-0.73). Frailty (after adjusting for gender, age, and other confounders) directly correlated with an increased risk of death, hazard ratio of 12.67 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 7.19, 22.31), compared to those without frailty. In addition, the MCP algorithm (MCP) = 3.678 × FI-LAB + 1.575 × sex + 1.779 × first tumor node metastasis staging, presented an area under the ROC (AUC) of 0.691 (95% CI: 0.656-0.726) and 0.648 (95% CI: 0.613-0.684) in the training and validation sets, respectively. CONCLUSION: Frailty as defined by FI-LAB was common and indicated a significant death risk in cancer patients. Our novel developed algorithm MCP had a passable prediction capacity on 5-year MCP.

9.
J Exp Bot ; 72(18): 6260-6273, 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34097059

RESUMO

C-terminally encoded peptides (CEPs) are small peptides, typically post-translationally modified, and highly conserved in many species. CEPs are known to inhibit plant growth and development, but the mechanisms are not well understood. In this study, 14 CEPs were identified in Setaria italica and divided into two groups. The transcripts of most SiCEPs were more abundant in roots than in other detected tissues. SiCEP3, SiCEP4, and SiCEP5 were also highly expressed in panicles. Moreover, expression of all SiCEPs was induced by abiotic stresses and phytohormones. SiCEP3 overexpression and application of synthetic SiCEP3 both inhibited seedling growth. In the presence of abscisic acid (ABA), growth inhibition and ABA content in seedlings increased with the concentration of SiCEP3. Transcripts encoding eight ABA transporters and six ABA receptors were induced or repressed by synthetic SiCEP3, ABA, and their combination. Further analysis using loss-of-function mutants of Arabidopsis genes functioning as ABA transporters, receptors, and in the biosynthesis and degradation of ABA revealed that SiCEP3 promoted ABA import at least via NRT1.2 (NITRATE TRANSPORTER 1.2) and ABCG40 (ATP-BINDING CASSETTE G40). In addition, SiCEP3, ABA, or their combination inhibited the kinase activities of CEP receptors AtCEPR1/2. Taken together, our results indicated that the CEP-CEPR module mediates ABA signaling by regulating ABA transporters and ABA receptors in planta.

10.
Sci Adv ; 7(23)2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34088669

RESUMO

Calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) is a class C G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) that plays an important role in calcium homeostasis and parathyroid hormone secretion. Here, we present multiple cryo-electron microscopy structures of full-length CaSR in distinct ligand-bound states. Ligands (Ca2+ and l-tryptophan) bind to the extracellular domain of CaSR and induce large-scale conformational changes, leading to the closure of two heptahelical transmembrane domains (7TMDs) for activation. The positive modulator (evocalcet) and the negative allosteric modulator (NPS-2143) occupy the similar binding pocket in 7TMD. The binding of NPS-2143 causes a considerable rearrangement of two 7TMDs, forming an inactivated TM6/TM6 interface. Moreover, a total of 305 disease-causing missense mutations of CaSR have been mapped to the structure in the active state, creating hotspot maps of five clinical endocrine disorders. Our results provide a structural framework for understanding the activation, allosteric modulation mechanism, and disease therapy for class C GPCRs.

11.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 202: 114137, 2021 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34015593

RESUMO

Pemigatinib is an oral, selective, potent, competitive inhibitor acting on fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR)1, FGFR2, and FGFR3, which has obtained accelerated approval in the USA through a test approved by the USA FDA. It is not only significant in the therapy of adult recurrent, unresectable, metastatic or locally advanced cholangiocarcinoma, but also plays an important role in treating adult patients with FGFR2 fusion or other rearrangements. The aim of our research was to establish and verify a reliable and quick ultra performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) assay to determine the level of pemigatinib in rat plasma. The analyte was prepared using a simple and convenient approach with acetonitrile for protein crash, and then separated from the matrix on a Waters Acquity UPLC BEH C18 column (2.1 mm × 50 mm, 1.7 µm) in a gradient elution program, where the mobile phase was consisted of acetonitrile and 0.1 % formic acid in water and was set at 0.40 mL/min flow rate. Selective reaction monitoring (SRM) was used to conducted for UPLC-MS/MS dectection with ion transitions at m/z 488.01 → 400.98 for pemigatinib and m/z 447.00 → 361.94 for erdafitinib (Internal standard, IS), respectively. This method had good linearity in a 0.5-1000 ng/mL calibration range for pemigatinib, where the lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) was validated at 0.5 ng/mL. The precision of pemigatinib for intra- and inter-day was less than 13.3 %, and the accuracy was determined to be from -4.8%-11.2%. During the assay in plasma samples, the analyte was found to be stable. Besides, matrix effect and recovery of the analyte and IS were acceptable. The novel optimized UPLC-MS/MS assay was also suitable for determining the concentration level of pemigatinib in a pharmacokinetic study after a single dose of 1.35 mg/kg pemigatinib orally to the rats.


Assuntos
Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia Líquida , Humanos , Morfolinas , Pirimidinas , Pirróis , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
13.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 124: 112040, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33947540

RESUMO

To avoid catastrophic bacterial infection in prosthesis failure, ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE), a common bearing material of artificial joints, has been formulated with antibiotics to eliminate bacteria locally at the implant site. However, the pressing issues regarding cytotoxic effects and evolution of drug resistant bacteria necessitates the development of bio-friendly bacteriostat with long bacteriostatic efficacy. Herein, tea polyphenol extracted from nature source was introduced in UHMWPE as a biogenic antimicrobial. Controlled antimicrobial activity was achieved by chemical crosslinking to regulate the release of the tea polyphenol. In addition, the crosslinking efficiency of UHMWPE blends with high loaded tea polyphenol was significantly improved in comparison to radiation crosslinking. The immobilized tea polyphenols also enhanced the oxidation stability of the UHMWPE, which is essential to prolong the service life in vivo and the storage time in vitro. The blends presented good biocompatibility, despite cell repellent on the highly crosslinked surface. Chemically crosslinked tea polyphenol/UHMWPE exhibited feasible properties for total joint implants, which is promising for clinical application.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Substituição , Polifenóis , Teste de Materiais , Peso Molecular , Polietilenos , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Chá , Tiram
14.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 20: 15330338211011968, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33955301

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Symptomatic multiple brain metastases with peritumoral brain edema (PTBE) occur in non-small cell lung cancer patients (NSCLC) who are without driver mutations or are resistant to epidermal growth factor tyrosine kinase (EGFR-TKI) are often associated with an unfavorable prognosis. Whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT) which comes with many complications and unsatisfactory effects, is the only option for the treatment. Previous studies have shown that bevacizumab can reduce the volume of PTBE and improve efficiency of radiotherapy. This study evaluated the effects and safety of apatinib combined with WBRT in NSCLC patients with symptomatic multiple brain metastases and PTBE. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 34 patients with symptomatic multiple brain metastases from NSCLC (number >4, and at least 1 measurable brain metastasis lesion with cerebral edema). Intracranial objective response rate (IORR), peritumoral edema and intracranial tumor volumetric measurement, Karnofsky performance status (KPS) and adverse events (AEs) were evaluated. Median intracranial progression-free survival (mIPFS) and median overall survival (mOS) were also analyzed. RESULTS: Thirteen cases received apatinib (125 mg or 250 mg, QD, oral) combined with WBRT and 21 cases received chemotherapy combined with WBRT were inclued. Apatinib combination group can better reduce the volume of intracranial tumors and PTBE and total steroid dosage used. It was associated with a better IORR (84.6% vs 47.6%, P = 0.067), longer mIPFS (6.97 vs 4.77months; P = 0.014). There was no significant difference in mOS(7.70 vs 6.67 months; P = 0.14) between the 2 groups. The most common adverse events of apatinib combination WBRT included grade 1/2 nausea (4/13), fatigue (3/13), hypertension (2/13) and white blood cell decrease (2/13). No grade 3/4 AEs were observed. CONCLUSION: Apatinib plus WBRT is well tolerated and may be a potential choice for relapsed or drug-resistant advanced NSCLC patients with symptomatic multiple brain metastases and PTBE.

15.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 557: 187-191, 2021 06 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33872987

RESUMO

Human ATP-binding cassette transporter 8 of subfamily B (hABCB8) is an ABC transporter that located in the inner membrane of mitochondria. The ABCB8 is involved in the maturation of Fe-S and protects the heart from oxidative stress. Here, we present the cryo-EM structure of human ABCB8 binding with AMPPNP in inward-facing conformation with resolution of 4.1 Å. hABCB8 shows an open-inward conformation when ATP is bound. Unexpectedly, cholesterol molecules were identified in the transmembrane domain of hABCB8. Our results provide structural basis for the transport mechanism of the ABC transporter in mitochondria.


Assuntos
Membro 1 da Subfamília G de Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/química , Trifosfato de Adenosina/química , Adenilil Imidodifosfato/química , Membro 1 da Subfamília G de Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Membro 1 da Subfamília G de Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Sítios de Ligação , Colesterol/química , Microscopia Crioeletrônica , Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/química , Mitocôndrias/química , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Ligação Proteica , Conformação Proteica , Domínios Proteicos , Proteínas Recombinantes
16.
Abdom Radiol (NY) ; 46(9): 4460-4466, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33861357

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) is the mainstream treatment for pyogenic liver abscess (PLA). However, in some patients with severe coagulopathy, there may increase the risk of bleeding complications related to PCD. Therefore, this study was aimed to evaluate the incidence of bleeding complications of PCD in PLA patients complicated with coagulopathy. METHODS: Between January 2011 and September 2019, patients diagnosed with PLA who had undergone PCD were selected retrospectively. Based on the preoperative coagulation parameters, the patients were divided into the coagulopathy group (PLT ≤ 50 × 109/L or INR ≥ 1.5) and the normal coagulation group. The major and minor bleeding complications related to PCD were compared between the two groups. The ICU occupancy and mortality rates in the coagulopathy group were assessed and compared with patients of normal coagulation group. RESULTS: A total of 583 PLA patients subjected to PCD were selected. 522 patients were finally included in this study: 64 cases (12.26%) in the coagulopathy group and 458 cases (87.74%) in the normal coagulation group. No major bleeding complications related to PCD was observed. Two patients (0.38%) of minor bleeding complications, one patient in each group, showed no statistically significant difference (0.2% vs.1.6%, P > 0.05). The ICU occupancy rate of coagulopathy group was significantly higher than normal coagulation group (6.2% vs. 0.7%, P < 0.05). No significant difference in mortality rate was noted between the two groups (4.7% vs.1.5%, P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The incidence of bleeding complications related to PCD in PLA patients is rare even if complicated with coagulopathy.


Assuntos
Abscesso Hepático Piogênico , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Cateteres , Drenagem , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Chembiochem ; 22(12): 2107-2110, 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33838082

RESUMO

PARP14 is an interferon-stimulated gene that is overexpressed in multiple tumor types, influencing pro-tumor macrophage polarization as well as suppressing the antitumor inflammation response by modulating IFN-γ and IL-4 signaling. PARP14 is a 203 kDa protein that possesses a catalytic domain responsible for the transfer of mono-ADP-ribose to its substrates. PARP14 also contains three macrodomains and a WWE domain which are binding modules for mono-ADP-ribose and poly-ADP-ribose, respectively, in addition to two RNA recognition motifs. Catalytic inhibitors of PARP14 have been shown to reverse IL-4 driven pro-tumor gene expression in macrophages, however it is not clear what roles the non-enzymatic biomolecular recognition motifs play in PARP14-driven immunology and inflammation. To further understand this, we have discovered a heterobifunctional small molecule designed based on a catalytic inhibitor of PARP14 that binds in the enzyme's NAD+ -binding site and recruits cereblon to ubiquitinate it and selectively target it for degradation.

18.
EMBO Mol Med ; 13(5): e13524, 2021 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33821572

RESUMO

Pancreatic beta cells undergo compensatory proliferation in the early phase of type 2 diabetes. While pathways such as FoxM1 are involved in regulating compensatory beta cell proliferation, given the lack of therapeutics effectively targeting beta cell proliferation, other targetable pathways need to be identified. Herein, we show that Pbk, a serine/threonine protein kinase, is essential for high fat diet (HFD)-induced beta cell proliferation in vivo using a Pbk kinase deficiency knock-in mouse model. Mechanistically, JunD recruits menin and HDAC3 complex to the Pbk promoter to reduce histone H3 acetylation, leading to epigenetic repression of Pbk expression. Moreover, menin inhibitor (MI) disrupts the menin-JunD interaction and augments Pbk transcription. Importantly, MI administration increases beta cell proliferation, ameliorating hyperglycemia, and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) in HFD-induced diabetic mice. Notably, Pbk is required for the MI-induced beta cell proliferation and improvement of IGT. Together, these results demonstrate the repressive role of the menin/JunD/Pbk axis in regulating HFD-induced compensatory beta cell proliferation and pharmacologically regulating this axis may serve as a novel strategy for type 2 diabetes therapy.

19.
Cell Chem Biol ; 28(8): 1158-1168.e13, 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33705687

RESUMO

PARP14 has been implicated by genetic knockout studies to promote protumor macrophage polarization and suppress the antitumor inflammatory response due to its role in modulating interleukin-4 (IL-4) and interferon-γ signaling pathways. Here, we describe structure-based design efforts leading to the discovery of a potent and highly selective PARP14 chemical probe. RBN012759 inhibits PARP14 with a biochemical half-maximal inhibitory concentration of 0.003 µM, exhibits >300-fold selectivity over all PARP family members, and its profile enables further study of PARP14 biology and disease association both in vitro and in vivo. Inhibition of PARP14 with RBN012759 reverses IL-4-driven protumor gene expression in macrophages and induces an inflammatory mRNA signature similar to that induced by immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy in primary human tumor explants. These data support an immune suppressive role of PARP14 in tumors and suggest potential utility of PARP14 inhibitors in the treatment of cancer.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33764644

RESUMO

Determining an ecological and environment damage baseline is the foundation of natural resource damage assessment. In complex damage assessment, the importance of a baseline is often underestimated or ignored. Existing baseline determination methods are insufficiently accurate and poorly available in practical application, which affect the damage assessment work. Based on the definition of baseline and the shortcomings of existing baseline-determination methods, this paper suggests the original site point (OSP) method as a determination principle. The baseline calculation area can be directly determined according to the site conditions in a sludge storage site with clear pollution distribution, and the OSP method has the advantage of determining the baseline rapidly. For a waste oil sludge storage site with unclear pollution distribution, the baseline calculation area should be determined according to preliminary and detailed sampling data. The calculation results of the two sites indicate that the baseline determined using the OSP method and the reference point (RP) method are similar, and the results of the environmental standard (ES) method are superior to those of the other two methods. The order of accuracy of baseline determination methods is the historical data (HD) method > the OSP method > the RP method > the model calculation (MC) method > the ES method. Through two application cases, this paper discusses the applicability of the OSP method and finally establishes the determination steps of the method. The OSP method has proven effective in determining the baseline, and the fast and accurate baseline determination method is more helpful for damage assessment. Integr Environ Assess Manag 2021;00:1-11. © 2021 SETAC.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...