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1.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32866112

RESUMO

Objectives Dual platelet inhibition is commonly used for prevention of cardiovascular events in patients undergoing neuroendovascular procedures. Non-responsiveness to platelet inhibitors may be associated with adverse outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability of the platelet function analyzer PFA-100® in comparison to light transmittance aggregometry (LTA) for monitoring clopidogrel and acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) non-responsiveness in a cohort of patients treated for intracranial aneurysm or cranial artery stenosis. Methods Non-responsiveness to clopidogrel and ASA was assessed by LTA using adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and arachidonic acid and by PFA-100® with the ADP/prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) and collagen/epinephrine cartridges, respectively. Results A total of 203 patients (145 females; median age, 57 years) were analyzed. Agreement between the two tests was poor for clopidogrel non-responsiveness (ƙ=0.19) and not better than chance for ASA non-responsiveness (ƙ=0.01). Clopidogrel non-responsiveness by LTA and PFA-100® was associated with higher von Willebrand factor antigen and activity levels. ADP-induced platelet disaggregation was lower in patients with clopidogrel non-responsiveness as assessed by PFA-100®. Clopidogrel non-responsiveness by LTA was associated with a higher prevalence of diabetes and a higher body mass index (BMI). Adverse outcomes (death, thromboembolism, or in-stent thrombosis) occurred in 13% (n=26) of all patients independently of ASA and clopidogrel non-responsiveness as assessed by both devices. Conclusions Our results show that LTA and PFA-100® are not interchangeable in the assessment of ASA and clopidogrel non-responsiveness in patients undergoing neuroendovascular interventions.

2.
J Hepatol ; 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32987028

RESUMO

BACKGROUND&AIM: IL-6 cytokine family members contribute to inflammatory and regenerative processes. Engagement of the signalling receptor subunit gp130 is common to almost all members of the family. In the liver, all major cell types respond to IL-6, making it difficult to delineate cell type-specific effects of IL-6 type cytokines. We therefore generated mouse models for liver cell type-specific analysis of IL-6 signalling. METHODS: We produced mice with a Cre-inducible expression cassette encoding a designed pre-dimerized constitutive active gp130 variant. We bred these mice to different Cre-drivers to induce transgenic gp130 signalling in distinct liver cell types: hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), cholangiocytes (CCs)/liver progenitor cells (LPCs) or hepatocytes. We phenotyped these mice using multi-omics approaches, immunophenotyping and a bacterial infection model. RESULTS: Hepatocyte-specific gp130 activation led to the up-regulation of innate immune system components, including acute-phase-proteins. Consequently, we observed peripheral mobilisation and recruitment of myeloid cells to the liver. Hepatic myeloid cells, including liver-resident Kupffer cells were instructed to adopt a bactericidal phenotype which ultimately conferred enhanced resistance to bacterial infection in these mice. We demonstrate that persistent hepatocyte-specific gp130 activation resulted in amyloid A amyloidosis in aged mice. In contrast, we did not observe overt effects of HSC or CC/LPC-specific transgenic gp130 signalling. CONCLUSIONS: Hepatocyte-specific gp130 activation alone is sufficient to trigger a robust innate immune response in the absence of NFκB activation. We therefore conclude that gp130 engagement e.g. by IL-6 trans-signalling represents a safe-guard mechanism in innate immunity.

3.
Blood ; 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32932519

RESUMO

Polyphosphate is a procoagulant inorganic polymer of linear linked orthophosphate residues. Multiple investigations have established the importance of platelet polyphosphate in blood coagulation, however the mechanistic details of polyphosphate homeostasis in mammalian species remain largely undefined. Here, we show that xenotropic and polytropic retrovirus receptor 1 (XPR1) regulates polyphosphate in platelets and is implicated in thrombosis in vivo. We used bioinformatic analyses of omics data to identify XPR1 as a major phosphate transporter in platelets. Xpr1 mRNA and protein expression inversely correlated with intracellular polyphosphate content and release. Pharmacological interference with XPR1 activity increased polyphosphate stores, led to enhanced platelet-driven coagulation and amplified thrombus formation under flow via the polyphosphate/factor XII pathway. Conditional gene deletion of Xpr1 in platelets resulted in polyphosphate accumulation, accelerated arterial thrombosis, and augmented activated platelet-driven pulmonary embolism without increasing bleeding in mice. These data identify platelet XPR1 as an integral regulator of platelet polyphosphate metabolism highlighting a fundamental role for phosphate homeostasis in thrombosis.

4.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; : 2048872620924198, 2020 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32700543

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most studies assessing the diagnostic value of high-sensitivity troponin in the diagnosis of myocardial infarction used batch-wise analyses of frozen samples for high-sensitivity troponin measurements. Whether the accuracy of these batch-wise high-sensitivity troponin measurements described in diagnostic studies is comparable to clinical routine is unknown. METHODS: We enrolled 937 patients presenting with suspected myocardial infarction in this prospective cohort study. Measurements of high-sensitivity troponin I (Abbott Architect) and high-sensitivity troponin T (Roche) were performed in two settings: (a) on-demand in clinical routine using fresh blood samples; and (b) in batches using frozen blood samples from the same individuals at three timepoints (0 hours, 1 hour and 3 hours after presentation). RESULTS: Median troponin levels were not different between on-demand and batch-wise measurements. Troponin levels in the range of 0 to 40 ng/L showed a very high correlation between the on-demand and batch setting (Pearson correlation coefficient (r) was 0.92-0.95 for high-sensitivity troponin I and 0.96 for high-sensitivity troponin T). However, at very low troponin levels (0 to 10 ng/L) correlation between the two settings was moderate (r for high-sensitivity troponin I 0.59-0.66 and 0.65-0.69 for high-sensitivity troponin T). Application of guideline-recommended rapid diagnostic algorithms showed similar diagnostic performance with both methods. CONCLUSIONS: Overall on-demand and batch-wise measurements of high-sensitivity troponin provided similar results, but their correlation was moderate, when focusing on very low troponin levels. The application of rapid diagnostic algorithms was safe in both settings.Trial Registration: www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT02355457).

5.
J Reprod Immunol ; 141: 103151, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32531656

RESUMO

Pregnancy represents an immunological challenge for the maternal immune system. Pregnancy augments innate immune responses, and particularly monocytes contribute to maintaining the balance between pro- and anti-inflammatory immune responses required for the successful sequence of distinct immunological phases throughout pregnancy. Nonetheless, studies that focus on the heterogeneity of monocytes and analyze the alteration of monocyte subsets in a longitudinal approach throughout healthy pregnancies have remained scarce. In this study, we characterized the gradual phenotypic changes of monocyte subsets and the secretory potential of bulk monocytes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of healthy pregnant women from a population-based prospective birth cohort study. Blood samples at predefined time points were analyzed using flow cytometry for in-depth characterization of monocyte subsets, which confirmed a shift from classical towards intermediate monocytes throughout pregnancy. Principal component analysis revealed characteristic phenotypic changes on monocyte subsets, especially on the intermediate monocyte subset, throughout pregnancy. Pregnancy-related hormones were measured in serum and ß-human chorionic gonadotropin levels were significantly associated with expression of CD11b, CD116 and CCR2 on monocyte subsets. TLR4 and TLR7/8 stimulation of monocytes furthermore showed reduced polycytokine production towards the end of pregnancy. These data provide a comprehensive overview of phenotypic changes and secretory potential of monocytes in healthy pregnant women and establish a selective contribution of different monocyte subsets to healthy pregnancy. The results from this study therefore build a basis for future comparisons and evaluation of women with adverse pregnancy outcomes.

6.
Ann Hematol ; 99(7): 1531-1542, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32430703

RESUMO

In haemophilia, thrombin generation and fibrin deposition upon vascular injury critically depend on the tissue factor (TF)-driven coagulation pathway. TF expression by monocytes/macrophages and circulating microvesicles contributes to haemostasis, thrombosis and inflammation. Inflammation is a hallmark of blood-induced joint disease. The aim of this study is to correlate TF production by whole-blood monocytes with inflammatory markers and clinical parameters in patients with moderate-to-severe haemophilia A or B (n = 43) in comparison to healthy males (n = 23). Monocyte TF antigen and microvesicle-associated TF procoagulant activity (MV TF PCA) were measured immediately after blood draw (baseline) and following incubation of whole blood with buffer or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) using two-colour flow cytometry and chromogenic FXa generation assay, respectively. Patients with HIV or uncontrolled HBV/HCV infections were excluded. TF was hardly detectable and not different in baseline and buffer-treaded samples from both groups. Stimulation with LPS, however, induced monocyte TF production, with increased TF-specific mean fluorescence intensity (P = 0.08) and MV TF PCA (P < 0.05) in patients compared to controls. Patients also had elevated hs-CRP and IL-6 serum levels (P < 0.001), which correlated with LPS-induced TF parameters. Further exploratory analyses revealed that the presence of systemic (low-grade) inflammation and boosted LPS-induced monocyte TF production were mainly restricted to patients with clinically controlled HBV and/or HCV infection (n = 16), who were older and also had a significantly worse orthopaedic joint score than patients with no history of viral hepatitis (P < 0.01). Our study delineates a previously unrecognised link between systemic inflammation and inducible monocyte TF production in patients with haemophilia A or B.


Assuntos
Hemofilia A/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/metabolismo , Tromboplastina/metabolismo , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Hemofilia A/patologia , Humanos , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Via Secretória/efeitos dos fármacos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
8.
Front Immunol ; 11: 697, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32431696

RESUMO

Influenza A virus pathogenesis may differ between men and women. The 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic resulted in more documented hospitalizations in women compared to men. In this study, we analyzed the impact of male sex hormones on pandemic 2009 H1N1 influenza A virus disease outcome. In a murine infection model, we could mimic the clinical findings with female mice undergoing severe and even fatal 2009 H1N1 influenza compared to male mice. Treatment of female mice with testosterone could rescue the majority of mice from lethal influenza. Improved disease outcome in testosterone treated female mice upon 2009 H1N1 influenza A virus infection did not affect virus titers in the lung compared to carrier-treated females. However, reduction in IL-1ß cytokine expression levels strongly correlated with reduced lung damage and improved influenza disease outcome in female mice upon testosterone treatment. In contrast, influenza disease outcome was not affected between castrated male mice and non-castrated controls. Here, influenza infection resulted in reduction of testosterone expression in male mice. These findings show that testosterone has protective functions on the influenza infection course. However, 2009 H1N1 influenza viruses seem to have evolved yet unknown mechanisms to reduce testosterone expression in males. These data will support future antiviral strategies to treat influenza taking sex-dependent immunopathologies into consideration.

10.
Blood ; 135(10): 755-765, 2020 03 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31971571

RESUMO

Storage lesion-induced, red cell-derived microvesicles (RBC-MVs) propagate coagulation by supporting the assembly of the prothrombinase complex. It has also been reported that RBC-MVs initiate coagulation via the intrinsic pathway. To elucidate the mechanism(s) of RBC-MV-induced coagulation activation, the ability of storage lesion-induced RBC-MVs to activate each zymogen of the intrinsic pathway was assessed in a buffer system. Simultaneously, the thrombin generation (TG) assay was used to assess their ability to initiate coagulation in plasma. RBC-MVs directly activated factor XII (FXII) or prekallikrein, but not FXI or FIX. RBC-MVs initiated TG in normal pooled plasma and in FXII- or FXI-deficient plasma, but not in FIX-deficient plasma, suggesting an alternate pathway that bypasses both FXII and FXI. Interestingly, RBC-MVs generated FIXa in a prekallikrein-dependent manner. Similarly, purified kallikrein activated FIX in buffer and initiated TG in normal pooled plasma, as well as FXII- or FXI-deficient plasma, but not FIX-deficient plasma. Dual inhibition of FXIIa by corn trypsin inhibitor and kallikrein by soybean trypsin inhibitor was necessary for abolishing RBC-MV-induced TG in normal pooled plasma, whereas kallikrein inhibition alone was sufficient to abolish TG in FXII- or FXI-deficient plasma. Heating RBC-MVs at 60°C for 15 minutes or pretreatment with trypsin abolished TG, suggesting the presence of MV-associated proteins that are essential for contact activation. In summary, RBC-MVs activate both FXII and prekallikrein, leading to FIX activation by 2 independent pathways: the classic FXIIa-FXI-FIX pathway and direct kallikrein activation of FIX. These data suggest novel mechanisms by which RBC transfusion mediates inflammatory and/or thrombotic outcomes.


Assuntos
Coagulação Sanguínea/fisiologia , Micropartículas Derivadas de Células/fisiologia , Eritrócitos/ultraestrutura , Fator IX/metabolismo , Testes de Coagulação Sanguínea , Agregação Celular/fisiologia , Comunicação Celular/fisiologia , Humanos , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia
11.
Cell Rep ; 29(6): 1690-1706.e4, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31693905

RESUMO

Changes in the endothelium of the cerebral vasculature can contribute to inflammatory, thrombotic, and malignant disorders. The importance of defining cell-type-specific genes and their modification in disease is increasingly recognized. Here, we develop a bioinformatics-based approach to identify normal brain cell-enriched genes, using bulk RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) data from 238 normal human cortex samples from 2 independent cohorts. We compare endothelial cell-enriched gene profiles with astrocyte, oligodendrocyte, neuron, and microglial cell profiles. Endothelial changes in malignant disease are explored using RNA-seq data from 516 lower-grade gliomas and 401 glioblastomas. Lower-grade gliomas appear to be an "endothelial intermediate" between normal brain and glioblastoma. We apply our method for the prediction of glioblastoma-specific endothelial biomarkers, providing potential diagnostic or therapeutic targets. In summary, we provide a roadmap of endothelial cell identity in normal and malignant brain, using a method developed to resolve bulk RNA-seq into constituent cell-type-enriched profiles.

12.
Front Immunol ; 10: 2011, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31507606

RESUMO

Factor XII (FXII) is the zymogen of serine protease, factor XIIa (FXIIa). FXIIa enzymatic activities have been extensively studied and FXIIa inhibition is emerging as a promising target to treat or prevent thrombosis without creating a hemostatic defect. FXII and plasma prekallikrein reciprocally activate each other and result in liberation of bradykinin. Due to its unique structure among coagulation factors, FXII exerts mitogenic activity in endothelial and smooth muscle cells, indicating that zymogen FXII has activities independent of its protease function. A growing body of evidence has revealed that both FXII and FXIIa upregulate neutrophil functions, contribute to macrophage polarization and induce T-cell differentiation. In vivo, these signaling activities contribute to host defense against pathogens, mediate the development of neuroinflammation, influence wound repair and may facilitate cancer maintenance and progression. Here, we review the roles of FXII in innate immunity as they relate to non-sterile and sterile immune responses.

13.
Blood ; 134(19): 1658-1669, 2019 11 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366623

RESUMO

The contact system produces the inflammatory peptide bradykinin and contributes to experimental thrombosis. C1 esterase-inhibitor (C1INH) deficiency or gain-of-function mutations in factor XII (FXII) cause hereditary angioedema, a life-threatening tissue swelling disease. C1INH is a relatively weak contact system enzyme inhibitor. Although α1-antitrypsin (α1AT) does not naturally inhibit contact system enzymes, a human mutation (M358R; α1AT-Pittsburgh) changes it into a powerful broad-spectrum enzyme inhibitor. It blocks the contact system, but also thrombin and activated protein C (APC), making it an unattractive candidate for therapeutic contact system blockade. We adapted the reactive center loop of α1AT-Pittsburgh (AIPR/S) to overcome these obstacles. Two α1AT variants (SMTR/S and SLLR/S) strongly inhibit plasma kallikrein, activated FXII, and plasmin. α1AT-SMTR/S no longer inhibits thrombin, but residually inhibits APC. In contrast, α1AT-SLLR/S residually inhibits thrombin, but no longer APC. Additional modification at the P1' position (S→V) eliminates residual inhibition of thrombin and APC for both variants, while retaining their properties as contact system inhibitors. Both α1AT-SMTR/V and -SLLR/V are superior to C1INH in reducing bradykinin production in plasma. Owing to their capacity to selectively block contact system-driven coagulation, both variants block vascular occlusion in an in vivo model for arterial thrombosis. Furthermore, both variants block acute carrageenan-induced tissue edema in mice. Finally, α1AT-SLLR/V, our most powerful candidate, suppresses epithelial leakage of the gut in a mouse model of colitis. Our findings confirm that redesign of α1AT strongly alters its inhibitory behavior and can be used for the treatment of contact system-mediated thrombosis and inflammation.


Assuntos
Angioedemas Hereditários , Coagulação Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação , Trombose , alfa 1-Antitripsina/farmacologia , Animais , Coagulação Sanguínea/fisiologia , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C
15.
J Thromb Haemost ; 17(11): 1848-1859, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400072

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Laboratory analyses of blood samples are essential for diagnostics and therapy monitoring of patients with bleeding and thromboembolic diseases. Following publication of the core curriculum for clinical thrombosis and hemostasis, the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) recognized that thrombosis and hemostasis laboratory specialists require distinct competencies that differ from medical doctors working clinically with patients. To address this gap the ISTH formed a working group of international hemostasis and thrombosis laboratory specialists to develop an evidence-based core curriculum for laboratory specialists. OBJECTIVE: This research sought consensus from the international community on core competencies required for laboratory specialists in thrombosis and hemostasis. METHODS: A draft list of 64 competencies was developed and an online stakeholder survey was circulated electronically to 15 302 ISTH members and contacts in the wider international community. The results were analyzed and used to develop the final approved core curriculum. RESULTS: Three hundred and thirty responses contained meaningful data, with broad international representation of specialists. No draft competencies were excluded, and 58 were rated as "does" or "shows how." The Leik measure of consensus for most competences was "moderate" (n = 30) or "fair" (n = 32). CONCLUSIONS: The development of an international core curriculum for laboratory specialists provides a foundation for the development and enhancement of education and quality management of the laboratory. Although there is no formal designation for laboratory specialists, international governing bodies and regulatory organizations are encouraged to consider the diagnostic core curriculum for development and accreditation of more standardized educational programs and formal assessment across jurisdictions.

16.
N Engl J Med ; 380(26): 2529-2540, 2019 06 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31242362

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data regarding high-sensitivity troponin concentrations in patients presenting to the emergency department with symptoms suggestive of myocardial infarction may be useful in determining the probability of myocardial infarction and subsequent 30-day outcomes. METHODS: In 15 international cohorts of patients presenting to the emergency department with symptoms suggestive of myocardial infarction, we determined the concentrations of high-sensitivity troponin I or high-sensitivity troponin T at presentation and after early or late serial sampling. The diagnostic and prognostic performance of multiple high-sensitivity troponin cutoff combinations was assessed with the use of a derivation-validation design. A risk-assessment tool that was based on these data was developed to estimate the risk of index myocardial infarction and of subsequent myocardial infarction or death at 30 days. RESULTS: Among 22,651 patients (9604 in the derivation data set and 13,047 in the validation data set), the prevalence of myocardial infarction was 15.3%. Lower high-sensitivity troponin concentrations at presentation and smaller absolute changes during serial sampling were associated with a lower likelihood of myocardial infarction and a lower short-term risk of cardiovascular events. For example, high-sensitivity troponin I concentrations of less than 6 ng per liter and an absolute change of less than 4 ng per liter after 45 to 120 minutes (early serial sampling) resulted in a negative predictive value of 99.5% for myocardial infarction, with an associated 30-day risk of subsequent myocardial infarction or death of 0.2%; a total of 56.5% of the patients would be classified as being at low risk. These findings were confirmed in an external validation data set. CONCLUSIONS: A risk-assessment tool, which we developed to integrate the high-sensitivity troponin I or troponin T concentration at emergency department presentation, its dynamic change during serial sampling, and the time between the obtaining of samples, was used to estimate the probability of myocardial infarction on emergency department presentation and 30-day outcomes. (Funded by the German Center for Cardiovascular Research [DZHK]; ClinicalTrials.gov numbers, NCT00470587, NCT02355457, NCT01852123, NCT01994577, and NCT03227159; and Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry numbers, ACTRN12611001069943, ACTRN12610000766011, ACTRN12613000745741, and ACTRN12611000206921.).


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Medição de Risco/métodos , Troponina/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Coortes , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Troponina I/sangue
17.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 6: 76, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31106204

RESUMO

Activated platelets and mast cells expose the inorganic polymer, polyphosphate (polyP) on their surfaces. PolyP initiates procoagulant and proinflammatory reactions and the polymer has been recognized as a therapeutic target for interference with blood coagulation and vascular hyperpermeability. PolyP content and chain length depend on the specific cell type and energy status, which may affect cellular functions. PolyP metabolism has mainly been studied in bacteria and yeast, but its roles in eukaryotic cells and mammalian systems have remained enigmatic. In this review, we will present an overview of polyP functions, focusing on intra- and extracellular roles of the polymer and discuss open questions that emerge from the current knowledge on polyP regulation.

18.
Blood ; 133(19): 2090-2099, 2019 05 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30898865

RESUMO

Tissue factor, coagulation factor XII, platelets, and neutrophils are implicated as important players in the pathophysiology of (experimental) venous thrombosis (VT). Their role became evident in mouse models in which surgical handlings were required to provoke VT. Combined inhibition of the natural anticoagulants antithrombin (Serpinc1) and protein C (Proc) using small interfering RNA without additional triggers also results in a venous thrombotic phenotype in mice, most notably with vessel occlusion in large veins of the head. VT is fatal but is fully rescued by thrombin inhibition. In the present study, we used this VT mouse model to investigate the involvement of tissue factor, coagulation factor XII, platelets, and neutrophils. Antibody-mediated inhibition of tissue factor reduced the clinical features of VT, the coagulopathy in the head, and fibrin deposition in the liver. In contrast, genetic deficiency in, and small interfering RNA-mediated depletion of, coagulation factor XII did not alter VT onset, severity, or thrombus morphology. Antibody-mediated depletion of platelets fully abrogated coagulopathy in the head and liver fibrin deposition. Although neutrophils were abundant in thrombotic lesions, depletion of circulating Ly6G-positive neutrophils did not affect onset, severity, thrombus morphology, or liver fibrin deposition. In conclusion, VT after inhibition of antithrombin and protein C is dependent on the presence of tissue factor and platelets but not on coagulation factor XII and circulating neutrophils. This study shows that distinct procoagulant pathways operate in mouse VT, dependent on the triggering stimulus.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/metabolismo , Fator XII/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Tromboplastina/metabolismo , Trombose Venosa/sangue , Animais , Antitrombina III/antagonistas & inibidores , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Proteína C/antagonistas & inibidores
19.
FASEB J ; 33(2): 2599-2609, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30281335

RESUMO

Neutrophil recruitment and plasma exudation are key elements in the immune response to injury or infection. Activated neutrophils stimulate opening of the endothelial barrier; however, the underlying mechanisms have remained largely unknown. In this study, we identified a pivotal role of the proinflammatory kallikrein-kinin system and consequent formation of bradykinin in neutrophil-evoked vascular leak. In mouse and hamster models of acute inflammation, inhibitors of bradykinin generation, and signaling markedly reduced plasma exudation in response to chemoattractant activation of neutrophils. The neutrophil-driven leak was likewise suppressed in mice deficient in either the bradykinin B2 receptor or factor XII (initiator of the kallikrein-kinin system). In human endothelial cell monolayers, material secreted from activated neutrophils induced cytoskeletal rearrangement, leading to paracellular gap formation in a bradykinin-dependent manner. As a mechanistic basis, we found that a neutrophil-derived heparin-binding protein (HBP/azurocidin) displaced the bradykinin precursor high-molecular-weight kininogen from endothelial cells, thereby enabling proteolytic processing of kininogen into bradykinin by neutrophil and plasma proteases. These data provide novel insight into the signaling pathway by which neutrophils open up the endothelial barrier and identify the kallikrein-kinin system as a target for therapeutic interventions in acute inflammatory reactions.-Kenne, E., Rasmuson, J., Renné, T., Vieira, M. L., Müller-Esterl, W., Herwald, H., Lindbom, L. Neutrophils engage the kallikrein-kinin system to open up the endothelial barrier in acute inflammation.


Assuntos
Permeabilidade da Membrana Celular , Endotélio Vascular/fisiologia , Inflamação/patologia , Sistema Calicreína-Cinina/fisiologia , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Edema Pulmonar/patologia , Animais , Bradicinina/metabolismo , Endotélio Vascular/citologia , Fator XII/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Cininogênio de Alto Peso Molecular/metabolismo , Masculino , Mesocricetus , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Infiltração de Neutrófilos , Edema Pulmonar/etiologia , Edema Pulmonar/metabolismo
20.
FASEB J ; 33(2): p. 2599-2609, 2019.
Artigo | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IBPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: but-ib15819

RESUMO

Neutrophil recruitment and plasma exudation are key elements in the immune response to injury or infection. Activated neutrophils stimulate opening of the endothelial barrier; however, the underlying mechanisms have remained largely unknown. In this study, we identified a pivotal role of the proinflammatory kallikrein-kinin system and consequent formation of bradykinin in neutrophil-evoked vascular leak. In mouse and hamster models of acute inflammation, inhibitors of bradykinin generation, and signaling markedly reduced plasma exudation in response to chemoattractant activation of neutrophils. The neutrophil-driven leak was likewise suppressed in mice deficient in either the bradykinin B-2 receptor or factor XII (initiator of the kallikrein-kinin system). In human endothelial cell monolayers, material secreted from activated neutrophils induced cytoskeletal rearrangement, leading to paracellular gap formation in a bradykinin-dependent manner. As a mechanistic basis, we found that a neutrophil-derived heparin-binding protein (HBP/azurocidin) displaced the bradykinin precursor high-molecular-weight kininogen from endothelial cells, thereby enabling proteolytic processing of kininogen into bradykinin by neutrophil and plasma proteases. These data provide novel insight into the signaling pathway by which neutrophils open up the endothelial barrier and identify the kallikrein-kinin system as a target for therapeutic interventions in acute inflammatory reactions.Kenne, E., Rasmuson, J., Renne, T., Vieira, M. L., Muller-Esterl, W., Herwald, H., Lindbom, L. Neutrophils engage the kallikrein-kinin system to open up the endothelial barrier in acute inflammation.

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