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Phys Rev Lett ; 125(20): 206101, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33258623


A Gaussian approximation potential was trained using density-functional theory data to enable a global geometry optimization of low-index rutile IrO_{2} facets through simulated annealing. Ab initio thermodynamics identifies (101) and (111) (1×1) terminations competitive with (110) in reducing environments. Experiments on single crystals find that (101) facets dominate and exhibit the theoretically predicted (1×1) periodicity and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy core-level shifts. The obtained structures are analogous to the complexions discussed in the context of ceramic battery materials.

J Chem Phys ; 151(15): 154702, 2019 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640372


Atomic-scale investigations of metal oxide surfaces exposed to aqueous environments are vital to understand degradation phenomena (e.g., dissolution and corrosion) as well as the performance of these materials in applications. Here, we utilize a new experimental setup for the ultrahigh vacuum-compatible dosing of liquids to explore the stability of the Fe3O4(001)-(√2 × âˆš2)R45° surface following exposure to liquid and ambient pressure water. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and low-energy electron diffraction data show that extensive hydroxylation causes the surface to revert to a bulklike (1 × 1) termination. However, scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) images reveal a more complex situation, with the slow growth of an oxyhydroxide phase, which ultimately saturates at approximately 40% coverage. We conclude that the new material contains OH groups from dissociated water coordinated to Fe cations extracted from subsurface layers and that the surface passivates once the surface oxygen lattice is saturated with H because no further dissociation can take place. The resemblance of the STM images to those acquired in previous electrochemical STM studies leads us to believe that a similar structure exists at the solid-electrolyte interface during immersion at pH 7.