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1.
Cad. saúde colet., (Rio J.) ; 27(3): 338-344, jul.-set. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1039443

RESUMO

Resumo Introdução O uso de psicotrópicos por cirurgiões-dentistas é permitido por lei no Brasil para casos clínicos específicos. São poucos os estudos sobre a sua utilização na odontologia. Objetivo Este estudo investigou a prescrição de psicotrópicos por cirurgiões-dentistas inscritos no Conselho Regional de Minas Gerais e seu conhecimento sobre a Portaria 344/1998. Método Foram enviados aos 15.250 cirurgiões-dentistas um questionário eletrônico com 13 questões abordando a prescrição de psicotrópicos, e foram respondidos 969 questionários. Foram estudados: o tempo de formado, tipo de instituição de graduação, tipo de pós-graduação, medicamentos mais prescritos, conhecimento sobre a Portaria 344/1998 e público mais frequente que recebe a prescrição. Resultados 257 profissionais prescrevem psicotrópicos e 223 conhecem a legislação. Um preocupante percentual de profissionais que prescreve esses medicamentos não conhece o teor da Portaria 344/1998. Os analgésicos opioides são os medicamentos mais prescritos. Os especialistas são os que mais prescrevem psicotrópicos (p=0,015), e aqueles que prescrevem ansiolíticos conhecem a legislação com maior frequência (p=0,003). Os cirurgiões bucomaxilofaciais (p=0,02) e os especialistas em distúrbios da articulação temporomandibular (0,03) são os que mais conhecem a legislação e prescrevem medicação psicotrópica. A dor forte e o medo são as duas principais razões para a prescrição. Conclusão Ser especialista e conhecer a Portaria 344/1998 são fatores associados à prescrição de psicotrópicos entre cirurgiões-dentistas.


Abstract Background The use of psychotropics by dental surgeons is permitted by law in Brazil for specific clinical cases. There are few studies on its use in dentistry. Objective This study investigated the prescription of psychotropics drugs by dentists enrolled in the Regional Council of Minas Gerais and their knowledge about regulatory ordinance 344/1998. Method An electronic questionnaire with 13 questions addressing the prescription of psychotropic drugs was sent to 15250 dental surgeons and 969 questionnaires were answered. It was considered the time of graduation, type of undergraduate institution, type of postgraduate course, more frequent prescribed medication, knowledge about ordinance 344/1998 and more frequent public that receives the prescription. Results Two hundred and fifty-seven professionals prescribe psychotropic drugs and 223 know the law, and a worrying percentage of professionals who prescribe these drugs does not know the content of the Ordinance 344/1998. Opioid analgesics are the most prescribed psychotropic medications. Specialists are the ones who prescribe psychotropic drugs (p=0.015) and those professionals who prescribe anxiolytics know the legislation more frequently (p=0.003). The maxillofacial surgeons (p=0.02) and experts in disorders of the temporomandibular jaw joint (0.03) are the ones who know the law and prescribe psychotropic medication. Strong pain and fear are the two main reasons for prescribing psychotropic drugs. Conclusion Being a specialist and knowing the ordinance 344/1998 are factors associated with the prescription of psychotropic medications among dentists.

2.
Braz Dent J ; 29(2): 154-158, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29898061

RESUMO

This study investigated risk factors for tooth injuries in individuals from a dental clinical reference service for patients with special needs in Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. This is a retrospective cohort study that evaluated 493 dental charts of individuals with or without tooth injuries at their first dental appointment. The dependent variable was the time of occurrence of new dental traumatic injuries and was measured in months. Gender, age, International Code of Diseases, mother's education, mouth breathing, hyperkinesis, pacifier use, thumb sucking, psychotropic drug use, tooth injuries at the first dental examination, involuntary movements, open bite, having one or more siblings and reports of seizures were the covariates. The Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to estimate the unadjusted and adjusted hazard ratios and their respective 95% confidence intervals. The average time that individuals remained free of dental traumatism was 170.78 months (95% CI, 157.89-183.66) with median of 216 months. The incidence of new events was 11.88%. The covariate associated with an increased risk of dental traumatism was a history of tooth injuries at the first dental appointment. The increase in dental trauma risk was 3.59 (95% CI, 1.94-6.65). A history of traumatic dental injury was the risk factor for the dental trauma found in this group of individuals with developmental disabilities.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica para Pessoas com Deficiências , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/epidemiologia , Traumatismos Dentários/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Serviços de Saúde Bucal/organização & administração , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Prevalência , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Traumatismos Dentários/terapia , Adulto Jovem
3.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(2): 154-158, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-951534

RESUMO

Abstract This study investigated risk factors for tooth injuries in individuals from a dental clinical reference service for patients with special needs in Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. This is a retrospective cohort study that evaluated 493 dental charts of individuals with or without tooth injuries at their first dental appointment. The dependent variable was the time of occurrence of new dental traumatic injuries and was measured in months. Gender, age, International Code of Diseases, mother's education, mouth breathing, hyperkinesis, pacifier use, thumb sucking, psychotropic drug use, tooth injuries at the first dental examination, involuntary movements, open bite, having one or more siblings and reports of seizures were the covariates. The Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to estimate the unadjusted and adjusted hazard ratios and their respective 95% confidence intervals. The average time that individuals remained free of dental traumatism was 170.78 months (95% CI, 157.89-183.66) with median of 216 months. The incidence of new events was 11.88%. The covariate associated with an increased risk of dental traumatism was a history of tooth injuries at the first dental appointment. The increase in dental trauma risk was 3.59 (95% CI, 1.94-6.65). A history of traumatic dental injury was the risk factor for the dental trauma found in this group of individuals with developmental disabilities.


Resumo Este estudo investigou os fatores de risco para traumatismo dentário em indivíduos da clínica odontológica de um serviço de referência para pacientes com necessidades especiais em Belo Horizonte, Brasil. Este é um estudo de coorte retrospectivo que avaliou 493 prontuários de indivíduos com ou sem traumatismo dentário em sua primeira consulta odontológica. A variável dependente foi o tempo de ocorrência de novas lesões traumáticas e foi mensurada em meses. Sexo, idade, Código Internacional de Doenças, educação materna, respiração bucal, hipercinese, uso de chupeta, sucção digital, uso de medicação psicotrópica, lesões dentárias no primeiro exame odontológico, movimentação involuntária, mordida aberta, ter um ou mais irmãos e relatos de convulsões foram

4.
Spec Care Dentist ; 38(1): 46-50, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29278267

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate factors associated with anterior open bite in individuals aged from 2 to 33 years with developmental disabilities. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. A total of 271 dental records were examined. The anterior open bite analyzed was determined based on clinic exam. These variables were also analyzed: gender, age, education level of mother, International Code of Diseases (ICD), mouth breathing, use of anticonvulsant drugs, hyperkinesis, pacifier use, thumb sucking, seizure, and involuntary movements. For the purposes of analysis, the individuals were categorized as being with and without anterior open bite. Variables with a p-value of < 0.25 in the bivariate analysis were incorporated into the logistic regression models. RESULTS: Mouth breathers had a 2.60-fold (95% CI: 1.35-5.01) greater chance of exhibiting anterior open bite than nasal breathers. Pacifier users are more likely to have an anterior open bite (3.32-fold, 95% CI: 1.62-6.77). Individuals with reported involuntary movements had a 2.66-fold (95% CI: 1.26-5.63) greater chance of exhibiting anterior open bite. Users of anticonvulsants drugs had a 3.05 (95% CI: 1.57-5.92) greater chance of showing anterior open bite. CONCLUSION: Involuntary movements, mouth breathing, using anticonvulsant drugs, and using pacifier are factors associated with anterior open bite in patients with developmental disabilities.


Assuntos
Deficiências do Desenvolvimento , Mordida Aberta/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Fatores de Risco
5.
Cad Saude Publica ; 33(11): e00072416, 2017 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29166477

RESUMO

International guidelines have pointed out the importance of the physical environment of health care facilities in preventing and controlling infection. We aimed to describe the physical environment of dental care facilities in Brazil in 2014, focusing on characteristics designed to control infections. Exactly 16,202 dental offices in the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS) participated in this survey. Trained researchers extracted information about the infection control characteristics of health facilities by using a structured instrument. We used data from 12 dichotomous questions that evaluated the wall, floor, sink and tap conditions, and the presence and condition of sterilization equipment. We calculated a score by summing the number of characteristics handled appropriately for infection control, which could range from 0 to 12. Hierarchical cluster analyses were developed. None of the 12 criteria were met by all the oral health teams. Only 208 (1.3%) dental offices correctly performed all 12-infection control practices. Two clusters, with different frequencies of structure for infection control in dental offices, were identified. South and Southeast regions had the highest frequencies for Cluster 1, with better structure of infection control in dental offices. Dental care facilities of oral health teams were not typically meeting the infection control guidelines regarding clinic design and equipment. Adherence to the guidelines varied among the Brazilian geographic regions.


Assuntos
Controle de Infecções/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil , Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Esterilização
6.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 33(11): e00072416, nov. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-889612

RESUMO

International guidelines have pointed out the importance of the physical environment of health care facilities in preventing and controlling infection. We aimed to describe the physical environment of dental care facilities in Brazil in 2014, focusing on characteristics designed to control infections. Exactly 16,202 dental offices in the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS) participated in this survey. Trained researchers extracted information about the infection control characteristics of health facilities by using a structured instrument. We used data from 12 dichotomous questions that evaluated the wall, floor, sink and tap conditions, and the presence and condition of sterilization equipment. We calculated a score by summing the number of characteristics handled appropriately for infection control, which could range from 0 to 12. Hierarchical cluster analyses were developed. None of the 12 criteria were met by all the oral health teams. Only 208 (1.3%) dental offices correctly performed all 12-infection control practices. Two clusters, with different frequencies of structure for infection control in dental offices, were identified. South and Southeast regions had the highest frequencies for Cluster 1, with better structure of infection control in dental offices. Dental care facilities of oral health teams were not typically meeting the infection control guidelines regarding clinic design and equipment. Adherence to the guidelines varied among the Brazilian geographic regions.


As diretrizes internacionais destacam a importância do ambiente físico dos serviços de saúde para prevenir e controlar as infecções. Procuramos descrever o ambiente físico em serviços de saúde bucal no Brasil em 2014, com enfoque nas características programadas para controlar as infecções. Precisamente 16.202 consultórios odontológicos no Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) participaram na pesquisa. Pesquisadores treinados coletaram informações sobre as características do controle de infecções nesses serviços de saúde, utilizando um instrumento padronizado. Utilizamos dados de 12 perguntas dicotômicas que avaliavam as condições das paredes, piso, pia e torneira e a presença e as condições do equipamento de esterilização. Calculamos um escore pela soma do número de características administradas adequadamente para o controle de infecções, variando de 0 a 12. Foram desenvolvidas análises hierárquicas de clusters. Nenhum dos 12 critérios foi atendido por todas as equipes de saúde bucal. Apenas 208 (1,3%) dos consultórios odontológicos realizavam todas as 12 práticas de controle de infecções. Foram identificados dois clusters com distintas frequências de estruturas para controle de infecções nos consultórios odontológicos. As regiões Sul e Sudeste mostraram as maiores frequências no Cluster 1, com melhor estrutura de controle de infecções nos consultórios odontológicos. De maneira geral os serviços de saúde bucal não atendiam as diretrizes para o controle de infecções, referentes à planta física e equipamento dos consultórios. A aderência às diretrizes variava de acordo com a região do país.


Las directrices internacionales destacan la importancia del ambiente físico de los servicios de salud para prevenir y controlar infecciones. Procuramos describir el ambiente físico en servicios de salud bucal en Brasil en 2014, centrándonos en las características programadas para controlar las infecciones. Precisamente 16.202 consultorios odontológicos del Sistema Único de Salud (SUS) participaron en la investigación. Investigadores entrenados recogieron información sobre las características del control de infecciones en esos servicios de salud, utilizando un instrumento estandarizado. Utilizamos los datos procedentes de 12 preguntas dicotómicas que evaluaban las condiciones de las paredes, suelo, fregadero y grifo, además de la existencia y condiciones del equipamiento de esterilización. Calculamos una puntuación para la suma del número de características administradas adecuadamente para el control de infecciones, variando de 0 a 12. Se desarrollaron análisis jerárquicos de clúster. Ninguno de los 12 criterios fue observado por todos los equipos de salud bucal. Solamente 208 (1,3%) de los consultorios odontológicos realizaban las 12 prácticas de control de infecciones al completo. Se identificaron dos clústeres con distintas frecuencias de estructuras para el control de infecciones en los consultorios odontológicos. Las regiones Sur y Sudeste mostraron las mayores frecuencias en el Clúster 1, con una mejor estructura de control de infecciones en los consultorios odontológicos. De manera general, los servicios de salud bucal no atendían a las directrices para el control de infecciones, referentes a las instalaciones físicas y equipamiento de los consultorios. La adherencia a las directrices variaba de acuerdo con la región del país.

7.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 33(11): e00072416, nov. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-889626

RESUMO

International guidelines have pointed out the importance of the physical environment of health care facilities in preventing and controlling infection. We aimed to describe the physical environment of dental care facilities in Brazil in 2014, focusing on characteristics designed to control infections. Exactly 16,202 dental offices in the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS) participated in this survey. Trained researchers extracted information about the infection control characteristics of health facilities by using a structured instrument. We used data from 12 dichotomous questions that evaluated the wall, floor, sink and tap conditions, and the presence and condition of sterilization equipment. We calculated a score by summing the number of characteristics handled appropriately for infection control, which could range from 0 to 12. Hierarchical cluster analyses were developed. None of the 12 criteria were met by all the oral health teams. Only 208 (1.3%) dental offices correctly performed all 12-infection control practices. Two clusters, with different frequencies of structure for infection control in dental offices, were identified. South and Southeast regions had the highest frequencies for Cluster 1, with better structure of infection control in dental offices. Dental care facilities of oral health teams were not typically meeting the infection control guidelines regarding clinic design and equipment. Adherence to the guidelines varied among the Brazilian geographic regions.


As diretrizes internacionais destacam a importância do ambiente físico dos serviços de saúde para prevenir e controlar as infecções. Procuramos descrever o ambiente físico em serviços de saúde bucal no Brasil em 2014, com enfoque nas características programadas para controlar as infecções. Precisamente 16.202 consultórios odontológicos no Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) participaram na pesquisa. Pesquisadores treinados coletaram informações sobre as características do controle de infecções nesses serviços de saúde, utilizando um instrumento padronizado. Utilizamos dados de 12 perguntas dicotômicas que avaliavam as condições das paredes, piso, pia e torneira e a presença e as condições do equipamento de esterilização. Calculamos um escore pela soma do número de características administradas adequadamente para o controle de infecções, variando de 0 a 12. Foram desenvolvidas análises hierárquicas de clusters. Nenhum dos 12 critérios foi atendido por todas as equipes de saúde bucal. Apenas 208 (1,3%) dos consultórios odontológicos realizavam todas as 12 práticas de controle de infecções. Foram identificados dois clusters com distintas frequências de estruturas para controle de infecções nos consultórios odontológicos. As regiões Sul e Sudeste mostraram as maiores frequências no Cluster 1, com melhor estrutura de controle de infecções nos consultórios odontológicos. De maneira geral os serviços de saúde bucal não atendiam as diretrizes para o controle de infecções, referentes à planta física e equipamento dos consultórios. A aderência às diretrizes variava de acordo com a região do país.


Las directrices internacionales destacan la importancia del ambiente físico de los servicios de salud para prevenir y controlar infecciones. Procuramos describir el ambiente físico en servicios de salud bucal en Brasil en 2014, centrándonos en las características programadas para controlar las infecciones. Precisamente 16.202 consultorios odontológicos del Sistema Único de Salud (SUS) participaron en la investigación. Investigadores entrenados recogieron información sobre las características del control de infecciones en esos servicios de salud, utilizando un instrumento estandarizado. Utilizamos los datos procedentes de 12 preguntas dicotómicas que evaluaban las condiciones de las paredes, suelo, fregadero y grifo, además de la existencia y condiciones del equipamiento de esterilización. Calculamos una puntuación para la suma del número de características administradas adecuadamente para el control de infecciones, variando de 0 a 12. Se desarrollaron análisis jerárquicos de clúster. Ninguno de los 12 criterios fue observado por todos los equipos de salud bucal. Solamente 208 (1,3%) de los consultorios odontológicos realizaban las 12 prácticas de control de infecciones al completo. Se identificaron dos clústeres con distintas frecuencias de estructuras para el control de infecciones en los consultorios odontológicos. Las regiones Sur y Sudeste mostraron las mayores frecuencias en el Clúster 1, con una mejor estructura de control de infecciones en los consultorios odontológicos. De manera general, los servicios de salud bucal no atendían a las directrices para el control de infecciones, referentes a las instalaciones físicas y equipamiento de los consultorios. La adherencia a las directrices variaba de acuerdo con la región del país.

8.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 17(1): e3403, 13/01/2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-914290

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the factors that influence oral health of girls, with developmental disabilities, attended by a dental service. Material and Methods: A Cross-sectional epidemiological study was carried out using information collected from 171 dental charts of children aged one to 13 years, with developmental disabilities who were treated between 1998 and 2013. Studied variables were: dental caries, gingivitis, bruxism, xerostomia, ingestion of cariogenic food and oral hygiene. Statistical analysis was performed using proportion calculations of each variable and by cluster analysis. Results: Three types of clusters were formed from girls based on three variables (presence of dental caries, gingivitis and bruxism). The choice of two clusters was due to a better understanding of the phenomenon (oral conditions). There was an average of 0.77 of deciduous and 0.21 permanent decayed teeth. Cluster 1 is composed of younger children with lower caries and gingivitis experiences; lower proportion of xerostomia and ingestion of cariogenic food, higher proportion of good oral hygiene and more bruxism experience. Conclusions: Dental caries and gingivitis among girls with developmental disabilities are influenced by factors whose relation of cause and effect has been discussed in the literature. Bruxism is a protective factor against these diseases.Results reinforce the need for early preventive interventions in this population.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Mulheres , Análise por Conglomerados , Paralisia Cerebral/diagnóstico , Registros Médicos , Assistência Odontológica para Pessoas com Deficiências , Brasil , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Saúde Bucal
9.
Arq. odontol ; 53: 1-9, jan.-dez. 2017. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-906064

RESUMO

Objetivo: Descrever o perfil dos pacientes atendidos em uma instituição filantrópica onde funciona o projeto de extensão "Atendimento Odontológico a Pacientes com Necessidades Especiais". Métodos: A amostra foi composta por 581 prontuários de pacientes com necessidades especiais de 0 a 33 anos de idade. Foram coletadas informações sobre as prevalências de cárie nas dentições decídua e permanente, gengivite, xerostomia, bruxismo, refluxo gastroesofágico, sexo, uso de medicação de ação central, uso de chupeta, sucção digital, alimentação e higiene bucal. Os dados foram analisados por meio da estatística descritiva e teste do qui-quadrado para verificação de associação entre diagnóstico e sexo. Resultados: 51,93% dos pacientes eram meninos, 71,42% possuíam paralisia cerebral, 12,36% tinham refluxo gastroesofágico, 49,30% usavam medicação anticonvulsivante. O diagnóstico de paralisia cerebral quadriespástica esteve associado ao sexo masculino. Dentre as alterações bucais, 4,86% dos casos apresentaram xerostomia. O uso da chupeta foi encontrado em 26,93% dos indivíduos e 18,05% chupavam o dedo. Alterações gengivais foram detectadas em 15,61% das fichas. Em relação à alimentação, 56,97% dos indivíduos consumiam açúcar acima do aceitável, e com relação à higiene bucal, 14,48% foram classificados como ruim e 17,57% moderada. Em 20,57% dos prontuários havia registro de dentes decíduos cariados e em 4,29% de dentes obturados. Do total de pacientes que possuíam dentes permanentes, 13,17% tinha dentes cariados e 7,75% possuía dentes obturados. A prevalência de cárie dentária é moderada com pequena proporção de dentes restaurados. A alimentação é rica em sacarose para quase 60% destes pacientes. Conclusão: os hábitos parafuncionais apresentam um percentual preocupante de prevalência. Por isso, estes pacientes possuem um perfil de doenças bucais com gravidade moderada e que devem ter um acompanhamento odontológico sistemático para que a prevalência de doenças bucais não aumente com o passar dos anos.(AU)


Aim: The present study aimed to describe the profile of the patients who received dental care at a philanthropic institution, within the project "Dental Care for Patients with Special Needs". Methods: This study was carried out by evaluating 581 records of patients with special needs from 0 to 33 years of age. Data were collected on the prevalence of caries in deciduous and permanent dentitions, gingivitis, xerostomia, bruxism, gastroesophageal reflux, sex, use of central action medication, pacifier use, digital suction, feeding, and oral hygiene. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the chi-square test to verify an association between diagnosis and sex. Results: The results showed that 51.93% were boys, 71.42% had cerebral palsy, 12.36% had gastroesophageal reflux, and 49.30% used anticonvulsant medication. The diagnosis of quadrispastic cerebral palsy was associated with males. Xerostomia was observed in 4.86% of the cases. The use of pacifiers was present in 26.93% of the individuals, while 18.05% of the patients used to suck their finger. Gingival changes were detected in 15.61% of the records. In relation to food, 56.97% of the individuals consumed sugar above the acceptable amount, and when oral hygiene was considered, 14.48% were classified as poor and 17.57% as moderate. This study also identified 20.57% of decayed and 4.29% of filled deciduos teeth. Among the patients who had permanent teeth, 13.17% had decayed teeth, while 7.75% had filled teeth. It could therefore be concluded that the prevalence of dental caries is moderate with a small proportion of treated teeth. Diet is rich in sucrose for almost 60% of these patients. Conclusion: The parafunctional habits present a worrisome percentage of prevalence. Therefore, these patients have a profile of oral diseases with moderate severity and should undergo systematic dental follow-up so that the prevalence of oral diseases does not increase over the years.(AU)


Assuntos
Paralisia Cerebral , Assistência Odontológica para Pessoas com Deficiências , Serviços de Saúde Bucal , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento , Perfil de Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária , Gengivite , Estudo Observacional
10.
Braz Oral Res ; 30(1)2016 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27305514

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to investigate risk factors for dental caries in children with developmental disabilities who were treated at a clinical reference service for patients with special needs in Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. This is a retrospective cohort study that evaluated 401 dental charts of individuals without dental caries or restorations in their first dental appointment. The dependent variable was the time of occurrence of new dental caries or restorations and was measured in months. Gender, age, International Code of Diseases (ICD), mother´s education, sugar consumption, use of fluoride toothpaste, oral hygiene, mouth breathing, reports of xerostomia, gingival status, use of psychotropic or asthma drugs, and history of asthma were covariates. The Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to estimate the raw and adjusted hazard ratios and their respective 95% confidence intervals. The average time that individuals remained free of dental caries/restoration was equal to 107.46 months (95%CI 95.41 to 119.51), with a median of caries-free children up to 94 months. For each point increase in the scale of sucrose consumption, the increase in caries risk was 1.07 (95%CI 1.01 to 1.15). Sucrose consumption was the only risk factor for dental caries found in this group of individuals with developmental disabilities.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/etiologia , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/complicações , Adolescente , Antiasmáticos/efeitos adversos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Dentifrícios , Sacarose na Dieta/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Fluoretos , Humanos , Lactente , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Higiene Bucal , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Cremes Dentais , Adulto Jovem
11.
Spec Care Dentist ; 36(2): 75-9, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26763202

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and factors associated with mouth breathing among patients with developmental disabilities of a dental service. METHODS: We analyzed 408 dental records. Mouth breathing was reported by the patients' parents and from direct observation. Other variables were as -follows: history of asthma, bronchitis, palate shape, pacifier use, thumb -sucking, nail biting, use of medications, gastroesophageal reflux, bruxism, gender, age, and diagnosis of the patient. Statistical analysis included descriptive analysis with ratio calculation and multiple logistic regression. Variables with p < 0.25 were included in the model to estimate the adjusted OR (95% CI), calculated by the forward stepwise method. Variables with p ​​< 0.05 were kept in the model. RESULTS: Being male (p = 0.016) and use of centrally acting drugs (p = 0.001) were the variables that remained in the model. CONCLUSION: Among patients with -developmental disabilities, boys and psychotropic drug users had a greater chance of being mouth breathers.


Assuntos
Deficiências do Desenvolvimento , Respiração Bucal/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Prevalência , Psicotrópicos/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais
12.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 16(1): 441-448, jan.-dez. 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-912899

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate factors associated with gingivitis in children aged one to 13 years with developmental disabilities. Material and Methods: A total of 408 dental records were used to recover the data. Gingivitis was measured based on the Modified Gingival Index. Other variables were also analysed: gender, age, International Classification of Diseases (ICD) code, mouth breathing, history of gastroesophageal reflux, use of psychotropic drugs, reports of dry mouth, history of asthma, use of medications to treat asthma, oral hygiene, dental caries, and filled or missing teeth in deciduous or permanent dentition. For the purposes of this analysis, the individuals were categorized as with and without gingivitis. Variables with a p-value < 0.25 in the bivariate analysis were incorporated into the logistic regression models (ICD, reflux, oral hygiene, primary tooth decay or filling, mouth breathing, dry mouth and use of psychotropic drugs). Results: We found a 14.67% prevalence of gingivitis. Individuals with mouth breathing had a 2.574-fold (95% CI: (1.113-5.950) greater chance of exhibiting gingivitis. Individuals with moderate oral hygiene had a 2.763-fold (95% CI: 1.066 to 7.160) greater chance of exhibiting gingivitis, and individuals with poor oral hygiene had a 15.029-fold (95% CI: 3.705-60.965) greater chance of exhibiting gingivitis than those with good oral hygiene. Conclusion: Moderate or poor oral hygiene and mouth breathing are factors associated with gingivitis in a group of patients with developmental disabilities at a dental service in Belo Horizonte.


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Adolescente , Criança , Assistência Odontológica para Pessoas com Deficiências , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento , Gengivite/diagnóstico , Brasil , Paralisia Cerebral , Modelos Logísticos , Registros Médicos , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Índice Periodontal
13.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e79, 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-952042

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of the present study was to investigate risk factors for dental caries in children with developmental disabilities who were treated at a clinical reference service for patients with special needs in Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. This is a retrospective cohort study that evaluated 401 dental charts of individuals without dental caries or restorations in their first dental appointment. The dependent variable was the time of occurrence of new dental caries or restorations and was measured in months. Gender, age, International Code of Diseases (ICD), mother´s education, sugar consumption, use of fluoride toothpaste, oral hygiene, mouth breathing, reports of xerostomia, gingival status, use of psychotropic or asthma drugs, and history of asthma were covariates. The Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to estimate the raw and adjusted hazard ratios and their respective 95% confidence intervals. The average time that individuals remained free of dental caries/restoration was equal to 107.46 months (95%CI 95.41 to 119.51), with a median of caries-free children up to 94 months. For each point increase in the scale of sucrose consumption, the increase in caries risk was 1.07 (95%CI 1.01 to 1.15). Sucrose consumption was the only risk factor for dental caries found in this group of individuals with developmental disabilities.

14.
Am J Infect Control ; 43(3): 303-4, 2015 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25728159

RESUMO

This study investigated oral hygiene protocols for patients in intensive care units (ICUs) in 25 of 30 hospitals in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, using a questionnaire. Although all hospital representatives said there was a protocol for the maintenance of patients' oral hygiene, it was observed that there was no standardization. Only 2 hospitals had dentists on the ICU staff. Cetylpyridinium chloride was the most frequently used antiseptic, even in patients under mechanical ventilation.


Assuntos
Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Higiene Bucal/métodos , Anti-Infecciosos Locais/uso terapêutico , Brasil , Cetilpiridínio/uso terapêutico , Cidades , Cuidados Críticos/normas , Hospitais , Humanos , Higiene Bucal/normas , Respiração Artificial
15.
Braz Oral Res ; 29: 1-5, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25466325

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to investigate factors associated with bruxism in children aged from 1 to 13 years with developmental disabilities. A total of 389 dental records were examined. The bruxism analyzed was determined based on parental reports. The following variables were also analyzed: gender, age, International Code of Diseases (ICD), mouth breathing, history of gastroesophageal reflux, use of psychotropic drugs, gingival status, reports of xerostomia, hyperkinesis, pacifier use, thumb sucking and involuntary movements. For the purposes of analysis, the individuals were categorized as being with and without bruxism. Variables with a p-value < 0.25 in the bivariate analysis were incorporated into the logistic regression models. Females had a 0.44-fold (95%CI: 0.25 to 0.78) greater chance of exhibiting bruxism than males. Individuals with gastroesophageal reflux had a 2.28-fold (95%CI: 1.03 to 5.02) greater chance of exhibiting bruxism. Individuals with reported involuntary movements had a 2.24-fold (95%CI: 1.19 to 4.24) greater chance of exhibiting bruxism than those without such movements. Exhibiting involuntary movements, the male gender and gastroesophageal reflux are factors associated with bruxism in children with developmental disabilities.


Assuntos
Bruxismo/fisiopatologia , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Bruxismo/etiologia , Paralisia Cerebral/complicações , Paralisia Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/complicações , Discinesias/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/complicações , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Respiração Bucal/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais
16.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 29(1): 1-5, 2015. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-777165

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to investigate factors associated with bruxism in children aged from 1 to 13 years with developmental disabilities. A total of 389 dental records were examined. The bruxism analyzed was determined based on parental reports. The following variables were also analyzed: gender, age, International Code of Diseases (ICD), mouth breathing, history of gastroesophageal reflux, use of psychotropic drugs, gingival status, reports of xerostomia, hyperkinesis, pacifier use, thumb sucking and involuntary movements. For the purposes of analysis, the individuals were categorized as being with and without bruxism. Variables with a p-value < 0.25 in the bivariate analysis were incorporated into the logistic regression models. Females had a 0.44-fold (95%CI: 0.25 to 0.78) greater chance of exhibiting bruxism than males. Individuals with gastroesophageal reflux had a 2.28-fold (95%CI: 1.03 to 5.02) greater chance of exhibiting bruxism. Individuals with reported involuntary movements had a 2.24-fold (95%CI: 1.19 to 4.24) greater chance of exhibiting bruxism than those without such movements. Exhibiting involuntary movements, the male gender and gastroesophageal reflux are factors associated with bruxism in children with developmental disabilities.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Bruxismo/fisiopatologia , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/fisiopatologia , Bruxismo/etiologia , Paralisia Cerebral/complicações , Paralisia Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/complicações , Discinesias/fisiopatologia , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/complicações , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/fisiopatologia , Respiração Bucal/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais
17.
Braz. oral res ; 26(5): 471-477, Sept.-Oct. 2012. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-649369

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate factors associated with caries experience in the primary dentition of one- to five-year-old children with cerebral palsy. A total of 266 dental records were examined, and caries experience was measured by dmft. The following variables were also analyzed: gender, oral hygiene, history of gastroesophageal reflux, use of medications for gastroesophageal reflux, gingival status, sugar intake and reports of polyuria, excessive thirst and xerostomia. For analysis purposes, the individuals were categorized as those with and without caries experience and subcategorized into the following age groups: one year; two to three years; and four to five years. After bivariate analysis, variables with a p-value < 0.25 were selected for incorporation into the Poisson regression models. Considering the limitations of the protocol, the level of oral hygiene perceived on the first appointment was the only factor associated with caries experience among two-to-fiveyear-old children with cerebral palsy.


Assuntos
Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Paralisia Cerebral/complicações , Cárie Dentária/etiologia , Higiene Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Dente Decíduo , Distribuição por Idade , Fatores Etários , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Métodos Epidemiológicos
18.
Braz Oral Res ; 26(5): 471-7, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22892879

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate factors associated with caries experience in the primary dentition of one- to five-year-old children with cerebral palsy. A total of 266 dental records were examined, and caries experience was measured by dmft. The following variables were also analyzed: gender, oral hygiene, history of gastroesophageal reflux, use of medications for gastroesophageal reflux, gingival status, sugar intake and reports of polyuria, excessive thirst and xerostomia. For analysis purposes, the individuals were categorized as those with and without caries experience and subcategorized into the following age groups: one year; two to three years; and four to five years. After bivariate analysis, variables with a p-value < 0.25 were selected for incorporation into the Poisson regression models. Considering the limitations of the protocol, the level of oral hygiene perceived on the first appointment was the only factor associated with caries experience among two-to-five-year-old children with cerebral palsy.


Assuntos
Paralisia Cerebral/complicações , Cárie Dentária/etiologia , Higiene Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Dente Decíduo , Distribuição por Idade , Fatores Etários , Brasil , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino
19.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 10(2): 317-323, maio-ago. 2010.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-874201

RESUMO

Objetivo: Discuti r os aspectos epidemiologicos das hepatites virais em profissionais de Odontologia, com enfase nas formas de transmissao e prevencao. Metodo: Revisao narrativa da literatura sobre riscos e prevencao das hepatites na pratica odontologica. Resultados: As hepatites constituem um grupo de doencas inflamatorias do figado de diversas etiologias, sendo mais comuns aquelas causadas pelos virus hepatotropicos de A a E. As hepatites A e E apresentam forma clinica aguda e autolimitada. As hepatites B e C podem cronificar e evoluir para a cirrose. Os sinais e sintomas das hepatites sao semelhantes e a evolucao da forma cronica e silenciosa ou oligossintomatica, sendo a doenca descoberta por acaso, muitas vezes em estagios avancados. O diagnostico precoce favorece maiores chances de cura. Os trabalhadores da area da saude tem maior risco de adquirirem hepatites principalmente pelos virus B e C. Conclusao: Os cirurgioes-dentistas, em sua pratica diaria, estao expostos a maior risco de acidentes com instrumentos perfuro-cortantes constituindo assim, um grupo de alto risco de contaminacao. E possivel que outros agentes causadores de diferentes formas de hepatites ou outras doencas, sejam identificados no futuro. A adocao de normas de precaucao universal no controle de infeccao e, e continuara sendo, fundamental para o controle das doencas transmissiveis no ambiente odontologico.


Objective: To discuss the epidemiological aspects of viral hepatites in dental professionals, with emphasis of the forms of transmission and prevention. Method: Narrative review of the literature on risks and prevention of the hepatites types in dental practice. Results: Hepatites are a group of inflammatory liver diseases with several etiologies, among which the most common are those caused by the A-E hepatotropic viruses. Hepatites A and E have acute and self-limited clinical presentation. Hepatites B and C may become chronic and progress to cirrhoses. The signs and symptoms of hepatites are similar and their evolution to the chronic form is silent or oligosymptomatic, which makes the disease being diagnosed incidentally, frequently at an advance stage. The early diagnosis increases the chances of chances of cure. Health professionals are at higher risk of having hepatites, especially those causes by the B and C viruses. Conclusion: Dentists, in their daily practice, are more exposed to accidents with cutting and perforating instruments, being thus a group with high risk of contamination. It is possible that other agents causing different forms of hepatitis or other diseases are identified in the future. The adoption of the universal infection control measures is and will always be essential for controlling transmissible diseases in dental facilities.


Assuntos
Odontólogos , Pessoal de Saúde , Hepatite , Riscos Ocupacionais , Saúde Pública
20.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: lil-568498

RESUMO

Objetivo: Discuti r os aspectos epidemiologicos das hepatites virais em profissionais de Odontologia, com enfase nas formas de transmissao e prevencao. Metodo: Revisao narrativa da literatura sobre riscos e prevencao das hepatites na pratica odontologica. Resultados: As hepatites constituem um grupo de doencas inflamatorias do figado de diversas etiologias, sendo mais comuns aquelas causadas pelos virus hepatotropicos de A a E. As hepatites A e E apresentam forma clinica aguda e autolimitada. As hepatites B e C podem cronificar e evoluir para a cirrose. Os sinais e sintomas das hepatites sao semelhantes e a evolucao da forma cronica e silenciosa ou oligossintomatica, sendo a doenca descoberta por acaso, muitas vezes em estagios avancados. O diagnostico precoce favorece maiores chances de cura. Os trabalhadores da area da saude tem maior risco de adquirirem hepatites principalmente pelos virus B e C. Conclusao: Os cirurgioes-dentistas, em sua pratica diaria, estao expostos a maior risco de acidentes com instrumentos perfuro-cortantes constituindo assim, um grupo de alto risco de contaminacao. E possivel que outros agentes causadores de diferentes formas de hepatites ou outras doencas, sejam identificados no futuro. A adocao de normas de precaucao universal no controle de infeccao e, e continuara sendo, fundamental para o controle das doencas transmissiveis no ambiente odontologico.


Objective: To discuss the epidemiological aspects of viral hepatites in dental professionals, with emphasis of the forms of transmission and prevention. Method: Narrative review of the literature on risks and prevention of the hepatites types in dental practice. Results: Hepatites are a group of inflammatory liver diseases with several etiologies, among which the most common are those caused by the A-E hepatotropic viruses. Hepatites A and E have acute and self-limited clinical presentation. Hepatites B and C may become chronic and progress to cirrhoses. The signs and symptoms of hepatites are similar and their evolution to the chronic form is silent or oligosymptomatic, which makes the disease being diagnosed incidentally, frequently at an advance stage. The early diagnosis increases the chances of chances of cure. Health professionals are at higher risk of having hepatites, especially those causes by the B and C viruses. Conclusion: Dentists, in their daily practice, are more exposed to accidents with cutting and perforating instruments, being thus a group with high risk of contamination. It is possible that other agents causing different forms of hepatitis or other diseases are identified in the future. The adoption of the universal infection control measures is and will always be essential for controlling transmissible diseases in dental facilities.


Assuntos
Odontólogos , Pessoal de Saúde , Hepatite , Riscos Ocupacionais , Saúde Pública
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