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Eur J Ophthalmol ; : 1120672119883598, 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31642338


An atypical case of acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy with a clear reappearance of the ellipsoid layer of the retina after Ozurdex® intravitreal implantation is presented. A 51-year-old woman reported a 3-week history of left eye photopsia. On slit-lamp examination, yellowish placoid lesions were found on her left eye fundus. Ancillary tests were performed. The patient was diagnosed as a left eye acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy, and observational approach was decided. Later, the condition started to progress in an ampiginous manner and a decrease of visual acuity caused by an increase in number and size of the lesions was observed. As the disease was progressing with the conservative, observational approach, and the macula was menaced, an intravitreal dexamethasone implant was injected in the left eye with a consequent improvement of the visual acuity and lesion stabilization. The ellipsoid layer, unidentifiable inside the placoid lesions in previous optical coherence tomography tests, reappeared after the treatment. Intravitreal dexamethasone implants can be used to stabilize acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy lesions and help resolve the condition. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography can also be useful for monitoring these lesions, as the ellipsoid layer may reappear upon resolution.

Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 49(1): 126-135, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30655091


OBJECTIVE: Tocilizumab (TCZ) has shown efficacy in clinical trials on giant cell arteritis (GCA). Real-world data are scarce. Our objective was to assess efficacy and safety of TCZ in unselected patients with GCA in clinical practice Methods: Observational, open-label multicenter study from 40 national referral centers of GCA patients treated with TCZ due to inefficacy or adverse events of previous therapy. Outcomes variables were improvement of clinical features, acute phase reactants, glucocorticoid-sparing effect, prolonged remission and relapses. A comparative study was performed: (a) TCZ route (SC vs. IV); (b) GCA duration (≤6 vs. >6 months); (c) serious infections (with or without); (d) ≤15 vs. >15 mg/day at TCZ onset. RESULTS: 134 patients; mean age, 73.0 ± 8.8 years. TCZ was started after a median [IQR] time from GCA diagnosis of 13.5 [5.0-33.5] months. Ninety-eight (73.1%) patients had received immunosuppressive agents. After 1 month of TCZ 93.9% experienced clinical improvement. Reduction of CRP from 1.7 [0.4-3.2] to 0.11 [0.05-0.5] mg/dL (p < 0.0001), ESR from 33 [14.5-61] to 6 [2-12] mm/1st hour (p < 0.0001) and decrease in patients with anemia from 16.4% to 3.8% (p < 0.0001) were observed. Regardless of administration route or disease duration, clinical improvement leading to remission at 6, 12, 18, 24 months was observed in 55.5%, 70.4%, 69.2% and 90% of patients. Most relevant adverse side-effect was serious infections (10.6/100 patients-year), associated with higher doses of prednisone during the first three months of therapy. CONCLUSION: In clinical practice, TCZ yields a rapid and maintained improvement of refractory GCA. Serious infections appear to be higher than in clinical trials.

Ophthalmology ; 125(9): 1444-1451, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29602570


PURPOSE: To assess efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness of adalimumab (ADA) therapy optimization in a large series of patients with uveitis due to Behçet disease (BD) who achieved remission after the use of this biologic agent. DESIGN: Open-label multicenter study of ADA-treated patients with BD uveitis refractory to conventional immunosuppressants. SUBJECTS: Sixty-five of 74 patients with uveitis due to BD, who achieved remission after a median ADA duration of 6 (range, 3-12) months. ADA was optimized in 23 (35.4%) of them. This biologic agent was maintained at a dose of 40 mg/subcutaneously/2 weeks in the remaining 42 patients. METHODS: After remission, based on a shared decision between the patient and the treating physician, ADA was optimized. When agreement between patient and physician was reached, optimization was performed by prolonging the ADA dosing interval progressively. Comparison between optimized and nonoptimized patients was performed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness in optimized and nonoptimized groups. To determine efficacy, intraocular inflammation (anterior chamber cells, vitritis, and retinal vasculitis), macular thickness, visual acuity, and the sparing effect of glucocorticoids were assessed. RESULTS: No demographic or ocular differences were found at the time of ADA onset between the optimized and the nonoptimized groups. Most ocular outcomes were similar after a mean ± standard deviation follow-up of 34.7±13.3 and 26±21.3 months in the optimized and nonoptimized groups, respectively. However, relevant adverse effects were only seen in the nonoptimized group (lymphoma, pneumonia, severe local reaction at the injection site, and bacteremia by Escherichia coli, 1 each). Moreover, the mean ADA treatment costs were lower in the optimized group than in the nonoptimized group (6101.25 euros/patient/year vs. 12 339.48; P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: ADA optimization in BD uveitis refractory to conventional therapy is effective, safe, and cost-effective.

Ocul Immunol Inflamm ; 25(4): 540-544, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27082232


PURPOSE: To report the use of flow cytometry on aqueous fluid to diagnose sarcoidosis in a patient with recurrent granulomatous anterior uveitis. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: Flow cytometry on aqueous fluid demonstrated a CD4/CD8 ratio >9.5, consistent with a diagnosis of sarcoidosis. CONCLUSIONS: Flow cytometry on aqueous fluid may offer an additional pathway for diagnosing sarcoid anterior uveitis.

Humor Aquoso/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/patologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/patologia , Sarcoidose/diagnóstico , Uveíte Anterior/diagnóstico , Relação CD4-CD8 , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Radioisótopos de Gálio , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sarcoidose Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia
Rheumatol Int ; 31(12): 1549-54, 2011 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20490803


To assess the diagnostic correlation between primary care physicians and rheumatologists in patients with temporary work disability (TWD) related to musculoskeletal diseases (MSD). All patients with TWD related to MSDs in three health districts of Madrid, Spain, were randomized into standard care by primary care physicians (PCP) or the intervention group by rheumatologists. According to the cause, every TWD episode was classified into 11 syndrome categories. To examine the concordance between the rheumatologist and the referring PCP for each diagnosis, we used Kappa statistic (k) and 95% confidence interval (CI). A total of 3,311 (62.8%) were analyzed, 49.8% women, with a mean age of 41 years ± 12 years, 93.3% were general workers. The agreement between PCP and rheumatologists in all the diagnoses was moderated (k = 0.62). The highest agreement was found in tendonitis (k = 0.81, 95% CI 0.78-0.84), and microcrystalline and undifferentiated arthritis (k = 0.72, 95% CI 0.68-0.77). Lowest agreements were found for peripheral osteoarthritis (k = 0. 48 95% CI 0.38-0.57), knee pain (k = 0.40, 95% CI 0.29-0.52), and muscular pain (k = 0.15, 95% CI 0.10-0.20) Although the global agreement on the musculoskeletal diagnosis between PCPs and rheumatologist in patients with TWD related to MSDs was reasonable, the correlation for peripheral osteoarthritis, knee pain, and muscular pain was low.

Avaliação da Deficiência , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/diagnóstico , Médicos de Atenção Primária , Reumatologia , Adulto , Artrite/diagnóstico , Emprego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor , Tendinopatia/diagnóstico , Recursos Humanos
Ann Intern Med ; 143(6): 404-14, 2005 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16172439


BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are a frequent cause of work disability, accounting for productivity losses in industrialized societies equivalent to 1.3% of the U.S. gross national product. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether a population-based clinical program offered to patients with recent-onset work disability caused by MSDs is cost-effective. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled intervention study. The inclusion and follow-up periods each lasted 12 months. SETTING: Three health districts in Madrid, Spain. PATIENTS: All patients with MSD-related temporary work disability in 1998 and 1999. INTERVENTION: The control group received standard primary care management, with referral to specialized care if needed. The intervention group received a specific program, administered by rheumatologists, in which care was delivered during regular visits and included 3 main elements: education, protocol-based clinical management, and administrative duties. MEASUREMENTS: Efficacy variables were 1) days of temporary work disability and 2) number of patients with permanent work disability. All analyses were done on an intention-to-treat basis. RESULTS: 1,077 patients were included in the study, 7805 in the control group and 5272 in the intervention group, generating 16,297 episodes of MSD-related temporary work disability. These episodes were shorter in the intervention group than in the control group (mean, 26 days compared with 41 days; P < 0.001), and the groups had similar numbers of episodes per patient. Fewer patients received long-term disability compensation in the intervention group (n = 38 [0.7%]) than in the control group (n = 99 [1.3%]) (P < 0.005). Direct and indirect costs were lower in the intervention group than in the control group. To save 1 day of temporary work disability, 6.00 dollars had to be invested in the program. Each dollar invested generated a benefit of 11.00 dollars. The program's net benefit was in excess of 5 million dollars. LIMITATIONS: The study was unblinded. CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of the program, offered to the general population, improves short- and long-term work disability outcomes and is cost-effective.

Absenteísmo , Deambulação Precoce , Emprego , Terapia por Exercício , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/reabilitação , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Adulto , Pessoas com Deficiência , Ergonomia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação do Paciente , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde/economia , Espanha , Falha de Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento