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Molecules ; 25(1)2020 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31947934


We have previously demonstrated that singlet oxygen photosensitization abilities of Zn(II) phthalocyanines (Zn(II)Pcs) are enhanced through α-functionalization with bulky fluorinated substituents (i.e., bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl units) at facing positions of ABAB Zn(II)Pcs, where A and B refer to differently functionalized isoindoles. In this work, we have prepared the Zn(II)Pc ABAB 1 endowed with hydrophilic triethylene glycol monomethyl ether (i.e., at the A isoindoles) to provide solubility in aqueous media, together with its A3B and A4 counterparts, and compared their ability to behave as photosensitizers for photodynamic therapy. All photophysical data, aggregation studies and preliminary in vitro biological assays in cell cultures of SCC-13 (squamous cell carcinoma) and HeLa (cervical cancer cells), have proved ABAB 1 as the best photosensitizer of the series.

Eur J Med Chem ; 187: 111957, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31864170


Herein, we report the synthesis and characterization of new amphiphilic phthalocyanines (Pcs), the study of their singlet oxygen generation capabilities, and biological assays to determine their potential as photosensitizers for photodynamic inactivation of bacteria. In particular, Pcs with an ABAB geometry (where A and B refer to differently substituted isoindole constituents) have been synthesized. These molecules are endowed with bulky bis(trifluoromethylphenyl) groups in two facing isoindoles, which hinder aggregation and favour singlet oxygen generation, and pyridinium or alkylammonium moieties in the other two isoindoles. In particular, two water-soluble Pc derivatives (PS-1 and PS-2) have proved to be efficient in the photoinactivation of S. aureus and E. coli, selected as models of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.

Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Flúor/farmacologia , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Indóis/farmacologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/síntese química , Antibacterianos/química , Cátions/química , Cátions/farmacologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Flúor/química , Indóis/química , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Estrutura Molecular , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/síntese química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
Org Lett ; 21(20): 8183-8186, 2019 10 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31557041


We describe the preparation of a battery of chiral Zn(II) phthalocyanines with an AABB substitution pattern through cross-condensation of different chiral, binaphthyloxy-linked bisphthalonitriles and (non)functionalized single phthalonitriles. All the compounds are endowed with reactive groups (halogen and/or ethynyl moieties) that will allow us to prepare customized amphiphilic phthalocyanines. Preliminary self-assembly studies in solution have been performed by UV-vis and circular dichroism experiments.

Org Biomol Chem ; 17(32): 7448-7454, 2019 08 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31355402


In-depth, systematic photophysical studies have been performed on a series of ABAB, A3B and A4 ZnPcs functionalized with a varying number of bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl units (i.e. at the B isoindoles) and other electron-withdrawing/electron-donating moieties (i.e. at the A isoindoles), to determine the influence of the susbtitution pattern on the aggregation features, fluorescence quantum yields and singlet oxygen (1O2) generation abilities of these molecules. As a general trend, the larger the number of bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl units (i.e.ABAB crosswise functionalized ZnPcs), the lower the fluorescence quantum yield and the higher the 1O2 photosensitization. On the other hand, the electronic character of the substituents at the A isoindoles do not seem to have a clear effect on the photophysical properties of these ABAB ZnPcs. Overall, 1O2 quantum yields determined by the direct observation of the 1O2 phosphorescence are very high, with values ranging from 1 to 0.74 in THF solutions.

Chempluschem ; 84(6): 673-679, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31944006


We describe here the preparation of a series of trans-ABAB Zn(II) phthalocyanines (ZnPcs, which combine several interesting features. First, these compounds present high solubility and hindered aggregation, due to the functionalization of two facing isoindole constituents (B) of the ZnPc with bis(trifluoromethylphenyl) units. Second, the other two isoindoles (A) bear extra-annulated phthalimide units containing different substituents in the nitrogen positions, this feature results in a collinear arrangement of a variety of functional groups. Some of these collinearly functionalized ZnPcs are interesting building blocks for constructing either homo- or heteroarrays containing ZnPc units. Furthermore, the amphiphilic nature of some members of the series renders them interesting candidates for photosensitization of singlet oxygen. Photophysical studies on a model compound of the series have shown that these molecules are efficient singlet oxygen photosensitizers in both polar and apolar media, with 1 O2 quantum yields (φΔ ) as high as 0.74.