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1.
Int J Med Inform ; 162: 104760, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35421837

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a condition characterized by repeated episodes of partial or complete obstruction of the upper airway during sleep. An accessible method to facilitate self-management education is through information and communication technologies (ICTs). PURPOSE: To assess the frequency of and preferences for ICT use in patients with sleep apnea. METHODS: A multicenter, multinational, observational cross-sectional survey study was conducted between 2018 and 2019 in sleep units in different countries of Latin America, including patients of both genders older than 18 years with a diagnosis of sleep apnea. Participants were asked to complete 20 questions in a self-administered survey about the frequency of use of ICTs and their preferences for receiving disease-related information. RESULTS: A total of 435 patients participated in the study, with a mean age of 59.1 ± 14.0; 62.5% (n = 272) were males. Most patients had access to cellphones (92.4%, n = 402), smartphone (83.0%, n = 361) and an internet connection (82.3%, n = 358). One-to-one ICTs were regarded as the most frequently used ICT type, as 75.4% (n = 328) of participants reported using them daily (χ2(4) = 848.207, p =.000). With respect to categories of interest, one-to-one ICTs were also the best rated ICT type to receive (59.1%, n = 257; χ2(2) = 137.710, p =.000) and ask physicians (57.0%, n = 248; χ2(2) = 129.145, p =.000) information about OSA. Finally, older adults and those with lower educational levels were found to be less likely to use and be interested in ICTs. CONCLUSION: Most patients have access to different ICTs and often use them to seek and receive medical information. The preferred ICTs include those in the one-to-one category (WhatsApp, email) and the one-to-many category (web browsers) for general health and OSA-related information.


Assuntos
Tecnologia da Informação , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Idoso , Comunicação , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/epidemiologia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/terapia , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
J Psychosom Res ; 157: 110759, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35358746

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of Jenkins Sleep Scale with 4 items (JSS-4) of the Peruvian health system's (PHS) nurses and physicians. METHODS: We carried out a psychometric study based on secondary analysis in a sample from a nationally representative survey that used acomplex sampling design. The participants were physicians and nurses aged 18-65 years, working in PHS private and public facilities, who have fulfilled all JSS-4 items. We performed a confirmatory factor analysis. Reliability was evaluated via two estimates - classic alpha (α) and categorical omega (ω) coefficients. Also, we tested the invariance across groups of variables. The convergent validity was evaluated based on the relation between JSS-4 and PHQ-2 using Pearson's correlation coefficient and effect size (Cohen's d). Also, we designed normative values based on percentiles. RESULTS: We included 2100 physicians and 2826 nurses in the analysis. We observed that the unidimensional model has adequate goodness-of-fit indices and values of α and ω coefficients. No measurement invariance was found between the groups of professionals and age groups; however, invariance was achieved between sex, monthly income, work-related illness, and chronic illness groups. Regarding the relation with other variables, the JSS-4 has a small correlation with PHQ-2. Also, profession and age-specific normative values were proposed. CONCLUSION: JSS-4 Spanish version has adequate psychometric properties in PHS nurses and physicians.


Assuntos
Médicos , Psicometria , Sono , Humanos , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Peru , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
Eur J Case Rep Intern Med ; 8(12): 003004, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35059334

RESUMO

A 48-year-old Peruvian man was diagnosed with COVID-19 in December 2020. His infection resolved and he was discharged from hospital after 14 days. However, 1 week later he presented with haemoptysis, malaise, pleuritic pain, infected cavitations, bullae, extensive interstitial lung disease and pneumomediastinum. He recovered after antibiotic treatment and was discharged after 8 days. His symptoms may have been due alveolar rupture due to persistent cough during and after diffuse inflammation of the lung parenchyma caused by COVID-19 infection. LEARNING POINTS: SARS-CoV-2 infection may be associated with lung bullae and cavitations as COVID-19 sequelae.Patients with respiratory problems after COVID-19 should be monitored closely and undergo pulmonary tests.COVID-19 patients may experience complications for several months due to bacterial infections.

4.
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 36(4): 629-635, oct.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058790

RESUMO

RESUMEN Objetivos . Determinar la frecuencia de somnolencia y sus factores asociados en conductores de transporte público de Lima Metropolitana. Materiales y métodos . Estudio analítico transversal realizado en conductores de entre 18 y 65 años, que laboren en alguna empresa de transporte público registrada en la Municipalidad de Lima. La somnolencia se evaluó mediante una versión de la Escala de Somnolencia de Epworth validada en Perú. Las variables que se pudieron comportar como factores asociados se obtuvieron mediante una ficha de recolección de datos. Se utilizó la regresión logística para estimar la magnitud de la asociación entre la somnolencia y las variables consideradas como factores asociados. Resultados . Se incluyeron a 440 conductores, cuya mediana de edad fue 38,0 años y la mayoría (99,3%) fueron varones. Del total de conductores el 17,7% (78) presentaron somnolencia diurna. Se encontró una asociación significativa entre la somnolencia y el sistema de rotación 2 x 1 (p=0,038) y entre la somnolencia y las horas de sueño menores a siete (p=0,011). El análisis de regresión logística demostró que aquellos conductores con seis o menos horas de sueño tienen mayor probabilidad de somnolencia diurna (OR 1,83; IC95%: 1,03-3,25). Conclusiones . Aproximadamente, uno de cada cinco conductores presentó somnolencia diurna, la cual estuvo asociada con tener seis o menos horas de sueño al día.


ABSTRACT Objective . To determine the frequency of sleepiness and its associated factors in public transportation drivers in Lima metropolitan area. Materials and Methods . Transversal analytical study carried out on drivers between 18 and 65 years old who work in a public transportation company registered in the Municipality of Lima. Sleepiness was assessed using a version of the Epworth Sleepiness Scale validated in Peru. The variables that could behave as associated factors were obtained by a data collection sheet. Logistic regression was used to estimate the magnitude of the association between sleepiness and variables considered as associated factors. Results . Four hundred forty (440) drivers were included, median age was 38.0 years and the majority (99.3%) were males. From the total number of drivers, 17.7% (78) experienced daytime sleepiness. A significant association was found between sleepiness and the 2 x 1 rotation system (p=0.038), and between sleepiness and hours of sleep under seven (p=0.011). Logistic regression analysis showed that drivers with six or fewer hours of sleep were more likely to have daytime sleepiness (OR 1.83, 95% CI: 1.03-3.25). Conclusions . Approximately one out of five drivers experienced daytime sleepiness, which was associated with having six or fewer hours of sleep per day.

5.
Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica ; 36(4): 629-635, 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31967254

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: . To determine the frequency of sleepiness and its associated factors in public transportation drivers in Lima metropolitan area. MATERIALS AND METHODS: . Transversal analytical study carried out on drivers between 18 and 65 years old who work in a public transportation company registered in the Municipality of Lima. Sleepiness was assessed using a version of the Epworth Sleepiness Scale validated in Peru. The variables that could behave as associated factors were obtained by a data collection sheet. Logistic regression was used to estimate the magnitude of the association between sleepiness and variables considered as associated factors. RESULTS: . Four hundred forty (440) drivers were included, median age was 38.0 years and the majority (99.3%) were males. From the total number of drivers, 17.7% (78) experienced daytime sleepiness. A significant association was found between sleepiness and the 2 x 1 rotation system (p=0.038), and between sleepiness and hours of sleep under seven (p=0.011). Logistic regression analysis showed that drivers with six or fewer hours of sleep were more likely to have daytime sleepiness (OR 1.83, 95% CI: 1.03-3.25). CONCLUSIONS: . Approximately one out of five drivers experienced daytime sleepiness, which was associated with having six or fewer hours of sleep per day.


OBJETIVOS: . Determinar la frecuencia de somnolencia y sus factores asociados en conductores de transporte público de Lima Metropolitana. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: . Estudio analítico transversal realizado en conductores de entre 18 y 65 años, que laboren en alguna empresa de transporte público registrada en la Municipalidad de Lima. La somnolencia se evaluó mediante una versión de la Escala de Somnolencia de Epworth validada en Perú. Las variables que se pudieron comportar como factores asociados se obtuvieron mediante una ficha de recolección de datos. Se utilizó la regresión logística para estimar la magnitud de la asociación entre la somnolencia y las variables consideradas como factores asociados. RESULTADOS: . Se incluyeron a 440 conductores, cuya mediana de edad fue 38,0 años y la mayoría (99,3%) fueron varones. Del total de conductores el 17,7% (78) presentaron somnolencia diurna. Se encontró una asociación significativa entre la somnolencia y el sistema de rotación 2 x 1 (p=0,038) y entre la somnolencia y las horas de sueño menores a siete (p=0,011). El análisis de regresión logística demostró que aquellos conductores con seis o menos horas de sueño tienen mayor probabilidad de somnolencia diurna (OR 1,83; IC95%: 1,03-3,25). CONCLUSIONES: . Aproximadamente, uno de cada cinco conductores presentó somnolencia diurna, la cual estuvo asociada con tener seis o menos horas de sueño al día.


Assuntos
Condução de Veículo/estatística & dados numéricos , Sono/fisiologia , Sonolência , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peru , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
6.
J Clin Sleep Med ; 14(10): 1805-1808, 2018 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30353815

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: We report two cases of adult males with sleep-related eating disorder (SRED), with durations of 3 and 7 years, and without associated psychiatric history. In both cases, the use of low-dose (25 mg) sertraline taken at bedtime resulted in immediate, full and sustained resolution of symptoms at the latest follow-ups. The sertraline efficacy was of particular benefit for the patient reported on in case 2 who was a commercial airline pilot subjected to a highly restricted list of Federal Aviation Administration-approved medications. Risk factors for SRED included smoking cessation and work-related stress in case 1, and a history of sleepwalking and work-related circadian disruptions and partial sleep deprivations in case 2. Sertraline therapy of SRED is considered within a review of all current pharmacologic therapies of SRED.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/tratamento farmacológico , Parassonias/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Captação de Serotonina/uso terapêutico , Sertralina/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino
7.
J Clin Sleep Med ; 14(4): 615-621, 2018 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29609714

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to verify the reliability and validity of the Spanish short version of the Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire (FOSQ-10SV) in Peruvian patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). METHODS: Participants underwent physical examinations, completed the FOSQ-10SV, and polysomnography tests were carried out. RESULTS: A total of 672 patients were analyzed, 75 females (11%), mean age 50.5 ± 13.8 years. A total of 563 patients (84%) had OSA. The mean FOSQ-10SV score was 15.96 ± 3.23. The FOSQ-10SV Cronbach alpha was 0.84 and two significant factors were extracted in the factor analysis-both factors explained a variance of 43% and 14%. A significant correlation was found between the FOSQ-10SV score and the apnea-hypopnea index. Patients with more severe disease have a lower FOSQ-10SV score (P = .003). Ninety-nine patients with OSA who started continuous positive airway pressure treatment were followed, and we observed an improvement in the FOSQ-10SV score from pretreatment to posttreatment (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: The FOSQ-10SV has internal consistency, construct validity, and the sensitivity to change in Peruvian patients with OSA who undergo treatment.


Assuntos
Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/diagnóstico , Sono , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pressão Positiva Contínua nas Vias Aéreas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peru , Polissonografia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
8.
Sleep Breath ; 21(3): 745-749, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28429178

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objectives of the study are to describe sleep habits, fatigue, and sleepiness in Chiclayo's (Peru) bus drivers and explore their relation with traffic accidents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study with a non-probability consecutive sampling. The sample size was 126 drivers. Sleepiness was evaluated using the Epworth Sleepiness Scale and sleep hygiene with validated questionnaires. We used a history of traffic accident or a near-traffic accident as an independent variable and applied chi-squared, t, and Mann-Whitney U tests to evaluate initial associations, which were later tested with a multivariate analysis. RESULTS: The mean age was 47.8 ± 9, 7 years, all were male. Twenty-seven (21%) bus drivers drove 10 or more hours per day; twenty-seven (21%) drove 5 or more hours without stopping; and eleven (9%) slept less than 6 h per day. Ninety-three (74%) drivers had fatigue while driving; thirty-one (25%) sleepiness; thirty-six (29%) had an accident or near accident; and (35%) had nodding while driving. Nodding while driving (PR 2.13, IC 1.26-3.59, p < 0.01) and the number of years as a driver (PR 1.03, IC 1.00-1.05, p = 0.02) were associated with an accident or near accident. CONCLUSION: Fatigue, sleepiness, and a history of accident or near accident were frequent. Having had an accident or near accident was significantly associated with nodding while driving and the number of years as a driver in Chiclayo's bus drivers.


Assuntos
Condução de Veículo/psicologia , Condução de Veículo/estatística & dados numéricos , Fadiga/epidemiologia , Fadiga/psicologia , Hábitos , Sono , Acidentes de Trânsito/psicologia , Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peru/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
J Clin Sleep Med ; 13(1): 27-32, 2017 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27707449

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVES: By measuring the apnea length, ventilatory phase, respiratory cycle length, and loop gain, we can further characterize the central apneas of high altitude (CAHA). METHODS: Sixty-three drivers of all-terrain vehicles, working in a Peruvian mine located at 2,020 meters above sea level (MASL), were evaluated. A respiratory polygraph was performed in the first night they slept at high altitude. None of the subjects were exposed to oxygen during the test or acetazolamide in the preceding days of the test. RESULTS: Sixty-three respiratory polygraphs were performed, and 59 were considered for analysis. Forty-six (78%) were normal, 6 (10%) had OSA, and 7 (12%) had CAHA. Key data from subjects include: residing altitude: 341 ± 828 MASL, Lake Louise scoring: 0.4 ± 0.8, Epworth score: 3.4 ± 2.7, apneahypopnea index: 35.7 ± 19.3, CA index: 13.4 ± 14.2, CA length: 14.4 ± 3.6 sec, ventilatory length: 13.5 ± 2.9 sec, cycle length: 26.5 ± 4.0 sec, ventilatory length/CA length ratio 0.9 ± 0.3 and circulatory delay 13.3 ± 2.9 sec. Duty ratio media [ventilatory duration/cycle duration] was 0.522 ± 0 0.128 [0.308-0.700] and loop gain was calculated from the duty ratio utilizing this formula: LG = 2π / [(2πDR-sin(2πDR)]. All subjects have a high loop gain media 2.415 ± 1.761 [1.175-6.260]. Multiple correlations were established with loop gain values, but the only significant correlation detected was between central apnea index and loop gain. CONCLUSIONS: Twelve percent of the studied population had CAHA. Measurements of respiratory cycle in workers with CAHA are more similar to idiopathic central apneas rather than Hunter-Cheyne-Stokes respiration. Also, there was a high degree of correlation between severity of central apnea and the degree of loop gain. The abnormal breathing patterns in those subjects could affect the sleep quality and potentially increase the risk for work accidents.


Assuntos
Altitude , Condução de Veículo , Mineração , Apneia do Sono Tipo Central/diagnóstico , Apneia do Sono Tipo Central/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Veículos Off-Road , Peru , Polissonografia , Fatores de Tempo
13.
Sleep Sci ; 8(1): 31-5, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26483940

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The severity of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) ranges from mild or moderate to severe sleep apnoea. However, there is no information available on the clinical characteristics associated with cases involving more than 100 events per hour. This is a preliminary report and our goal was to characterise the demographics and sleep characteristics of patients with Extreme OSA and compare with patients with sleep apnoea of lesser severity. We hypothesised that patients with Extreme OSA (AHI>100) is associated with an increased comorbidities and/or risk factors. METHODS: We carried out a case-control study on male patients with OSA who were seen in a private hospital in Lima, Peru between 2006 and 2012. Cases were identified if their apnoea/hypopnea index (AHI) was higher than 100 (Extreme OSA), and four controls were selected per case: two with 15-29 AHI and two with 30-50 AHI, matched according to case diagnosis dates. We evaluated demographic, past medical history, and oxygen saturation variables. RESULTS: We identified 19 cases that were matched with 54 controls. In the multivariate model, only arterial hypertension, neck circumference, age, and over 10% in SatO2Hb≤90% in total sleep time (T90) were associated with Extreme OSA. Arterial hypertension had an OR=6.31 (CI95%: 1.71-23.23) of Extreme OSA. Each 5-cm increment in neck circumference was associated with an increase of OR=4.34 (CI95%: 1.32-14.33), while T90>10% had an OR=19.68 (CI95%: 4.33-89.49). Age had a marginal relevance (OR=0.95; CI95%: 0.92-0.99). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that arterial hypertension, neck circumference, and over 10% SatO2Hb≤90% in total sleep time were associated with a higher probability of Extreme OSA. We recommend investigators to study this population of Extreme OSA looking for an early diagnosis and the identification of prognostic factors in comparison with moderate to severe levels.

14.
Sleep Breath ; 19(1): 109-14, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24619625

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The research in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may be beneficial from the collaboration between countries and researchers. In this study, we aimed to analyze the scientific research on OSA from 1991 to 2012 and to evaluate the collaboration networks between countries. METHODS: We conducted a bibliometric study in the SCOPUS database. The systematic search was limited to "articles" published from 1991 to 2012. Articles are results of original research; we evaluated the following criteria: number of countries represented, number of authors, number of citations, and journal names. We determined which countries were the most productive (more articles published) and the number of collaborations between these countries. The probability of citation was evaluated using adjusted odds ratios in a logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: We found a total of 6,896 OSA-related articles that had been published in 1,422 journals, 50 % of these articles were concentrated in 41 journals. Of the 74 different countries associated with these articles, the USA had the highest involvement with 23.8 % of all articles published. The probability of citation increased by 1.23 times for each additional author, and by 2.23 times for each additional country represented; these findings were independent of time since publication, journal, or the country of the author. CONCLUSIONS: Scientific production on OSA is increasing with limited international collaboration. The country with the greatest production in this period (1991-2012) was the USA, which concentrated the international collaboration network on OSA. We recommended that articles should be produced with international collaboration to improve the quantity of scientific publications and their chances of publication in high impact journals.


Assuntos
Bibliometria , Bases de Dados Bibliográficas , Pesquisa , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Humanos , Cooperação Internacional , Editoração
15.
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 31(4): 707-711, oct.-dic. 2014. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, LIPECS, INS-PERU | ID: lil-733253

RESUMO

Con el objetivo de determinar los hábitos de sueño en los conductores de ómnibus y su relación con los accidentes en la ciudad de Arequipa, Perú, se realizó un estudio transversal y descriptivo en una muestra no probabilística de 166 conductores. Las horas de conducción por día fueron de 9,4 ± 3,7; el 54% (89) conduce más de 4 h sin detenerse; 74% (123) conducen de noche y 87% (145) duermen en el ómnibus. El 75% reconoció cansancio durante la conducción (124). El 27% (45) tuvo somnolencia; el 24% (40) refirió haberse accidentado o haber estado a punto de accidentarse durante la conducción. La somnolencia o el cansancio durante la conducción fue frecuente en esta población, y sus hábitos de conducción y descanso podrían propiciarlo.


In order to determine sleep habits in bus drivers and their relationship to accidents in the city of Arequipa, Peru, a crosssectional descriptive study was conducted in a non-probabilistic sample of 166 drivers. Driving hours per day were 9.4 ± 3.7. 54% (89) drive over 4 hours without stopping; 74% (123) drive at night; and 87% (145) sleep on the bus. 75% reported fatigue while driving (124). 27% (45) had drowsiness; 24% (40) reported having been in or on the verge of an accident while driving. Sleepiness or fatigue while driving was common in this population and their driving and rest habits could contribute to this.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Acidentes de Trânsito , Fases do Sono , Fadiga , Privação do Sono , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Transversais , Peru
16.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 112(3)jun. 2014. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-708495

RESUMO

Introducción. La somnolencia en escolares repercute en el aprendizaje, la concentración y la memoria. La causa de la somnolencia es multifactorial. Por ello, nuestro objetivo fue calcular la frecuencia de somnolencia en escolares peruanos y evaluar su asociación con hábitos de vida y sueño. Métodos. Estudio transversal en alumnos de primero a quinto año de educación secundaria, en el que se aplicó la versión en español de la escala pediátrica de somnolencia diurna (de 0 a 32 puntos) y se indagó sobre características del sueño, demográficas y hábitos nocivos, entre otras. Se consideró como excesiva somnolencia si el puntaje fue > 20 puntos, y se evaluó su asociación empleando odds ratios crudos y ajustados. Resultados. Se incluyó a 586 estudiantes en el estudio; la escala pediátrica de somnolencia diurna tuvo un puntaje promedio de 13,0 ± 5,5; el 11,9% tuvo excesiva somnolencia. Fumar estuvo asociado a somnolencia excesiva, con un OR ajustado de 6,9 (IC 95: 2,9-17,0); consumir alcohol tuvo un OR de 4 (IC 95: 1,5-10,5), y practicar deportes, de 0,5 (IC 95: 0,3-0,9). Del mismo modo, tener una mala calidad de sueño (OR: 5,4; IC 95: 3,1-9,5) y demorar más de 60 min en dormir (OR: 2,5; IC 95: 1,1-6,0) se asociaron a una mayor probabilidad de tener somnolencia. Conclusión. La somnolencia está presente en el 12% de la población estudiada y es menor de lo descrito en estudios en otras poblaciones. La excesiva somnolencia se asocia con el hábito de fumar y con el consumo frecuente de alcohol, con menores actividades deportivas y con malos hábitos de sueño.


Introduction. Sleepiness in students has an impact on their learning, focus and memory. Sleepiness is causedby multiple factors. Therefore, our objective was to estimate the frequency of sleepiness in Peruvian students and assess its relation to lifestyle and sleep habits. Methods. Cross-sectional study conducted on first through fifth year secondary students. The Spanish version of the pediatric daytime sleepiness scale (0 to 32 points) was administered and sleep and demographic characteristics and harmful habits, among others were investigated. Excessive sleepiness was considered as a score higher than 20 points, and its association was assessed using raw and adjusted odds ratios. Results. The study included 586 students; the average score in the pediatric daytime sleepiness scale was 13.0 ± 5.5; 11.9% of students had excessive sleepiness. Smoking was associated with excessive sleepiness, with an adjusted OR of 6.9 (95% CI: 2.9-17.0); alcohol consumption showed an OR of 4 (95% CI: 1.5-10.5), and practicing sports showed an OR of 0.5 (95% CI: 0.3-0.9). Likewise, having a bad sleep quality (OR: 5.4; 95% CI: 3.1-9.5) and taking more than 60 minutes to fall asleep (OR: 2.5; 95% CI: 1.16.0) were associated with a higher probability of having sleepiness. Conclusion. Sleepiness was observed in 12% of the studied population, and was found to be lower than the rates described in studies with different populations. Excessive sleepiness is associated with smoking and frequent alcohol consumption, a lower level of sports practice, and bad sleep habits.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Distúrbios do Sono por Sonolência Excessiva/epidemiologia , Cidades , Estudos Transversais , Estilo de Vida , Peru , Inquéritos e Questionários , Saúde da População Urbana
17.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 112(3)jun. 2014. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | BINACIS | ID: bin-131988

RESUMO

Introducción. La somnolencia en escolares repercute en el aprendizaje, la concentración y la memoria. La causa de la somnolencia es multifactorial. Por ello, nuestro objetivo fue calcular la frecuencia de somnolencia en escolares peruanos y evaluar su asociación con hábitos de vida y sueño. Métodos. Estudio transversal en alumnos de primero a quinto año de educación secundaria, en el que se aplicó la versión en español de la escala pediátrica de somnolencia diurna (de 0 a 32 puntos) y se indagó sobre características del sueño, demográficas y hábitos nocivos, entre otras. Se consideró como excesiva somnolencia si el puntaje fue > 20 puntos, y se evaluó su asociación empleando odds ratios crudos y ajustados. Resultados. Se incluyó a 586 estudiantes en el estudio; la escala pediátrica de somnolencia diurna tuvo un puntaje promedio de 13,0 ± 5,5; el 11,9% tuvo excesiva somnolencia. Fumar estuvo asociado a somnolencia excesiva, con un OR ajustado de 6,9 (IC 95: 2,9-17,0); consumir alcohol tuvo un OR de 4 (IC 95: 1,5-10,5), y practicar deportes, de 0,5 (IC 95: 0,3-0,9). Del mismo modo, tener una mala calidad de sueño (OR: 5,4; IC 95: 3,1-9,5) y demorar más de 60 min en dormir (OR: 2,5; IC 95: 1,1-6,0) se asociaron a una mayor probabilidad de tener somnolencia. Conclusión. La somnolencia está presente en el 12% de la población estudiada y es menor de lo descrito en estudios en otras poblaciones. La excesiva somnolencia se asocia con el hábito de fumar y con el consumo frecuente de alcohol, con menores actividades deportivas y con malos hábitos de sueño.(AU)


Introduction. Sleepiness in students has an impact on their learning, focus and memory. Sleepiness is causedby multiple factors. Therefore, our objective was to estimate the frequency of sleepiness in Peruvian students and assess its relation to lifestyle and sleep habits. Methods. Cross-sectional study conducted on first through fifth year secondary students. The Spanish version of the pediatric daytime sleepiness scale (0 to 32 points) was administered and sleep and demographic characteristics and harmful habits, among others were investigated. Excessive sleepiness was considered as a score higher than 20 points, and its association was assessed using raw and adjusted odds ratios. Results. The study included 586 students; the average score in the pediatric daytime sleepiness scale was 13.0 ± 5.5; 11.9% of students had excessive sleepiness. Smoking was associated with excessive sleepiness, with an adjusted OR of 6.9 (95% CI: 2.9-17.0); alcohol consumption showed an OR of 4 (95% CI: 1.5-10.5), and practicing sports showed an OR of 0.5 (95% CI: 0.3-0.9). Likewise, having a bad sleep quality (OR: 5.4; 95% CI: 3.1-9.5) and taking more than 60 minutes to fall asleep (OR: 2.5; 95% CI: 1.16.0) were associated with a higher probability of having sleepiness. Conclusion. Sleepiness was observed in 12% of the studied population, and was found to be lower than the rates described in studies with different populations. Excessive sleepiness is associated with smoking and frequent alcohol consumption, a lower level of sports practice, and bad sleep habits.(AU)

18.
Arch Argent Pediatr ; 112(3): 239-41, 2014 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24862805

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Sleepiness in students has an impact on their learning, focus and memory. Sleepiness is caused by multiple factors. Therefore, our objective was to estimate the frequency of sleepiness in Peruvian students and assess its relation to lifestyle and sleep habits. METHODS: Cross-sectional study conducted on first through fifth year secondary students. The Spanish version of the pediatric daytime sleepiness scale (0 to 32 points) was administered and sleep and demographic characteristics and harmful habits, among others were investigated. Excessive sleepiness was considered as a score higher than 20 points, and its association was assessed using raw and adjusted odds ratios. RESULTS: The study included 586 students; the average score in the pediatric daytime sleepiness scale was 13.0 ± 5.5; 11.9% of students had excessive sleepiness. Smoking was associated with excessive sleepiness, with an adjusted OR of 6.9 (95% CI: 2.9-17.0); alcohol consumption showed an OR of 4 (95% CI: 1.5-10.5), and practicing sports showed an OR of 0.5 (95% CI: 0.3-0.9). Likewise, having a bad sleep quality (OR: 5.4; 95% CI: 3.1-9.5) and taking more than 60 minutes to fall asleep (OR: 2.5; 95% CI: 1.16.0) were associated with a higher probability of having sleepiness. CONCLUSION: Sleepiness was observed in 12% of the studied population, and was found to be lower than the rates described in studies with different populations. Excessive sleepiness is associated with smoking and frequent alcohol consumption, a lower level of sports practice, and bad sleep habits.


Assuntos
Distúrbios do Sono por Sonolência Excessiva/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Criança , Cidades , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Peru , Inquéritos e Questionários , Saúde da População Urbana
19.
PeerJ ; 2: e345, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24765579

RESUMO

Background. Sleep duration, either short or long, has been associated with diseases such as obesity, type-2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Characterizing the prevalence and patterns of sleep duration at the population-level, especially in resource-constrained settings, will provide informative evidence on a potentially modifiable risk factor. The aim of this study was to explore the patterns of sleep duration in the Peruvian adult and adolescent population, together with its socio-demographic profile. Material and Methods. A total of 12,424 subjects, mean age 35.8 years (SD ±17.7), 50.6% males, were included in the analysis. This is a cross-sectional study, secondary analysis of the Use of Time National Survey conducted in 2010. We used weighted means and proportions to describe sleep duration according to socio-demographic variables (area and region; sex; age; education attainment; asset index; martial and job status). We used Poisson regressions, taking into account the multistage sampling design of the survey, to calculate crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (PR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). Main outcomes were short- (<6 h) and long-sleep duration (≥ 9 h). Results. On average, Peruvians slept 7.7 h (95% CI [7.4-8.0]) on weekdays and 8.0 h (95% CI [7.8-8.1]) during weekends. The proportions of short- and long-sleep, during weekdays, were 4.3% (95% CI [2.9%-6.3%]) and 22.4% (95% CI [14.9%-32.1%]), respectively. Regarding urban and rural areas, a much higher proportion of short-sleep was observed in the former (92.0% vs. 8.0%); both for weekdays and weekends. On the multivariable analysis, compared to regular-sleepers (≥ 6 to <9 h), short-sleepers were twice more likely to be older and to have higher educational status, and 50% more likely to be currently employed. Similarly, relative to regular-sleep, long-sleepers were more likely to have a lower socioeconomic status as per educational attainment. Conclusions. In this nationally representative sample, the sociodemographic profile of short-sleep contrasts the long-sleep. These scenarios in Peru, as depicted by sleeping duration, differ from patterns reported in other high-income settings and could serve as the basis to inform and to improve sleep habits in the population. Moreover, it seems important to address the higher frequency of short-sleep duration found in urban versus rural settings.

20.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25927885

RESUMO

Restless legs syndrome is a disorder associated with the imperative need to move the legs, starting at different times of day and it gets worse at night, relieved by activity, affecting the quality of life and sleep who sufferers it. Despite being a common disorder at any age, in adults with a prevalence of up to 10%, is not diagnosed by doctors and first level specialists that is why diagnostic and therapeutic interventions get delayed contributing to the perpetuation of symptoms and worsening quality of life. Since its diagnosis is purely clinical, getting familiar with this disorder is essential to ensure proper focus and thus rule out other diseases commonly confused with this one. Restless legs syndrome has a multi-factorial etiology that ranges from a genetic and hereditary, which are called primary restless legs syndrome, to its association with multiple pathologies, known as secondary restless legs syndrome. As for its management, drug therapy and non-drug therapy is aimed at symptom control, as its cure is not possible, although occasionally the condition can refer to later repeat in months or years.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Síndrome das Pernas Inquietas , Privação do Sono , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Antiparkinsonianos/uso terapêutico , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Agonistas de Dopamina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Prevalência , Síndrome das Pernas Inquietas/complicações , Síndrome das Pernas Inquietas/diagnóstico , Síndrome das Pernas Inquietas/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome das Pernas Inquietas/epidemiologia , Privação do Sono/etiologia
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