Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 14 de 14
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Voice ; 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33214005

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The voice disorder can cause limitations at work, as it affects the communication and the performance of the teaching function. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the limitation at work because of the voice and to examine possible associations with sociodemographic characteristics, life and health habits and work conditions among Basic Education teachers in Brazil. METHODS: Cross-sectional epidemiological study, with a representative sample, carried out between October 2015 and March 2016, with 6,324 teachers working in Basic Education in Brazil. Data collection was carried out through the application of a questionnaire via telephone with questions regarding health and working conditions. The "limitation at work because of the voice" was considered a dependent variable, whose response options were a scale with four Likert items that varied from frequently to never. The independent variables were grouped in blocks for ordinal logistic regression analysis with hierarchical entry. The magnitude of the association was assessed by the Odds Ratio (OR) with the respective confidence intervals (95% CI). RESULTS: One third of Brazilian teachers (32.7%) reported some frequency of limitation at work (sometimes; rarely, frequently) because of the voice at some moment in the month before the survey and, of these, 5% declared high frequency. The factors that increased the chance of a greater frequency of limitation at work because of the voice were: being female (OR = 1.32; 95% CI = 1.15-1.51); teaching for elementary school (OR = 1.35; 95% CI = 1.02-1.78); use anxiolytic or antidepressant medications (OR = 1.46; 95% CI = 1.20-1.78); losing sleep due to concerns (OR = 1.69; CI = 95% = 1.46-1.95); high noise at school (OR = 2.09; 95% CI = 1.78-2.46); agitated environment by students' indiscipline (OR = 1.37; 95% CI =1.15-1.63); high demands at work (OR = 1.18; 95% CI = 1.02-1.36); not having social support (OR = 1.19; 95% CI = 1.04-1.38); having suffered verbal violence by the students (OR = 1.43; 95% CI = 1.23-1.67). On the other hand, the practice of regular physical activity (OR = 0.86; 95% CI = 0.75-1.00) and the fact of having enough time to complete work tasks (OR = 0.71; 95% CI = 0,62-0.82) decreased the chance of a higher frequency of limitation at work due to vocal problems. The perception that the work limits the teaching performance because of the voice was more frequent among teachers in the North (OR=1.41; 95% CI = 1.17-1.71) and Northeast (OR=1.46; 95% CI = 1.22-1.76) compared to the Southeast region. CONCLUSION: Factors associated with an increase in the chance of higher frequency of reporting work limitations due to the voice: being female, lack of physical activity, losing sleep due to concern, using anxiolytic or antidepressant medication, school location in the North and Northeast, teaching for the elementary school stage, high noise at school and psychosocial aspects of work organization. The Brazilian educational sector needs public policies that take into account regional inequalities and the health and work conditions of teachers.

2.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 22: e190063, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826118

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of the perception of loud noise in basic education schools in Brazil and the associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with a representative national sample of teachers. The data collection was conducted with 6,510 teachers from October 2015 to March 2016. All teachers answered a telephone questionnaire with questions related to health and working conditions. The measure of association was prevalence ratio, estimated using Poisson regression. RESULTS: The prevalence of reported loud occupational noise was 33.0%. There was a positive association in the outcome of classroom disturbance reports (PR = 3.41; 95%CI 3.07 - 3.75), feeling of working under high-pressure levels (PR = 1.33; 95%CI 1.22-1.45), having suffered verbal abuse from students (PR = 1.21; 95%CI 1.11-1.31), teaching in different teaching modalities (PR = 1.21; 95%CI 1.02-1.42), more than 30 active teachers in the school (PR = 1.28; 95%CI 1.07-1.54). The teachers who reported a pleasant school environment (PR = 0.81; 95%CI 0.75-0.87), along with the teachers who worked in rural areas (PR = 0.84; 95%CI 0.75-0.95), experienced less noise at work. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of loud noise perception in Brazilian schools reached high levels and showed statistical significance with the characteristics of schools and teacher's work environment. These results demonstrate the need for developing public policies that take into consideration the reduction of noise levels in schools.


Assuntos
Ruído Ocupacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Exposição Ocupacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Professores Escolares/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Profissionais , Prevalência , Autoimagem , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr ; 77(3): 147-154, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30970126

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to investigate the quality of life of children with poor school performance and its association with behavioral aspects and hearing abilities. METHODS: This cross-sectional observational study, developed in a town in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, investigated a random sample of public school children, aged 7-12 years old, who performed poorly in school and received specialized educational assistance. The study comprised two stages: 1) collection of data from parents on their children's health, educational, and socioeconomic profile, and from the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire; 2) administration of a quality of life evaluation scale to the schoolchildren. For the assessment of auditory function, transient otoacoustic emissions were used and auditory processing was tested. The following tests were used: verbal sequential memory, nonverbal sequential memory, sound localization, dichotic digits, duration pattern test (flute) and random gap detection. The collected data were analyzed using Excel and STATA 11.0 software. Quality of life was considered the response variable. The explanatory variables were grouped for univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis with the level of significance set at 5%. RESULTS: A statistically significant association was found between impaired quality of life, altered pro-social behavior, and the absence of parental complaints about the children's written language development. CONCLUSIONS: Quality of life is impaired in children with poor school performance. The lack of parental complaints about written language and changes in social behavior increased the likelihood of a child having a poor quality of life.


Assuntos
Desempenho Acadêmico/psicologia , Comportamento Infantil/fisiologia , Audição/fisiologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Baixo Rendimento Escolar , Brasil , Criança , Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Desenvolvimento Infantil/fisiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Perda Auditiva/fisiopatologia , Perda Auditiva/psicologia , Testes Auditivos , Humanos , Desenvolvimento da Linguagem , Transtornos do Desenvolvimento da Linguagem/fisiopatologia , Transtornos do Desenvolvimento da Linguagem/psicologia , Deficiências da Aprendizagem/fisiopatologia , Deficiências da Aprendizagem/psicologia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Comportamento Social , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 77(3): 147-154, Mar. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001339

RESUMO

ABSTRACT The aim of the present study was to investigate the quality of life of children with poor school performance and its association with behavioral aspects and hearing abilities. Methods: This cross-sectional observational study, developed in a town in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, investigated a random sample of public school children, aged 7-12 years old, who performed poorly in school and received specialized educational assistance. The study comprised two stages: 1) collection of data from parents on their children's health, educational, and socioeconomic profile, and from the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire; 2) administration of a quality of life evaluation scale to the schoolchildren. For the assessment of auditory function, transient otoacoustic emissions were used and auditory processing was tested. The following tests were used: verbal sequential memory, nonverbal sequential memory, sound localization, dichotic digits, duration pattern test (flute) and random gap detection. The collected data were analyzed using Excel and STATA 11.0 software. Quality of life was considered the response variable. The explanatory variables were grouped for univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis with the level of significance set at 5%. Results: A statistically significant association was found between impaired quality of life, altered pro-social behavior, and the absence of parental complaints about the children's written language development. Conclusions: Quality of life is impaired in children with poor school performance. The lack of parental complaints about written language and changes in social behavior increased the likelihood of a child having a poor quality of life.


RESUMO Investigar a qualidade de vida de crianças de 7 a 12 anos de idade com mau desempenho escolar e a associação com as características comportamentais e habilidades auditivas. Métodos: Estudo observacional transversal realizado com crianças de 7 a 12 anos de idade, com mau desempenho escolar das escolas públicas municipais de uma cidade do interior de Minas Gerais, Brasil, participantes de atendimentos educacionais especializados. Etapas: 1) coleta de informações com os pais sobre a saúde, perfil escolar e socioeconômico e preenchimento do Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire; 2) etapa com as crianças para aplicação da Escala de Avaliação da Qualidade de Vida. Para a avaliação da função auditiva foram utilizadas as Emissões Otoacústicas Transientes e a avaliação do processamento auditivo, sendo os testes aplicados: teste de memória de sons verbais em sequência, teste de memória de sons não verbais em sequência, localização sonora, teste dicótico de dígitos, teste de padrão de duração (flauta) e Random Gap Detection. Os dados coletados foram analisados por meio dos programas Excel e STATA 11.0. Foi considerada como variável resposta a qualidade de vida e as variáveis explicativas foram agrupadas para análise de regressão logística uni e multivariada, considerando o nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Foi encontrada associação estatística entre qualidade de vida prejudicada, comportamento pró-social alterado e ausência de queixa parental de linguagem escrita. Conclusão: A qualidade de vida está comprometida nas crianças com mau desempenho escolar. A ausência de queixa sobre o desenvolvimento da linguagem escrita e comportamento pró-social alterado aumentaram a chance de a criança apresentar qualidade de vida prejudicada.

5.
Distúrb. comun ; 31(1): 69-76, mar. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-996215

RESUMO

Introdução: A amamentação é fator de proteção para doenças respiratórias, além de contribuir para o desenvolvimento intelectual das crianças. Objetivo: Analisar a relação do tempo de amamentação com sinais de respiração oral em crianças com mau desempenho escolar. Métodos: Estudo transversal, realizado com 82 crianças de 7 a 12 anos de idade, com mau desempenho escolar, recrutadas nas escolas públicas de uma cidade do interior de Minas Gerais. Os pais responderam a um questionário contendo os seguintes temas: tempo de amamentação em meses, sexo da criança, escolaridade materna e sinais de respiração oral. Para a análise estatística foi empregado o teste Qui-quadrado de Pearson e Teste Exato de Fisher, considerando o nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Do total das crianças estudadas, 61 (74%) receberam amamentação por mais de seis meses, 60 (73%) eram do sexo masculino, 47 (56%) das mães eram analfabetas ou tinham o ensino fundamental incompleto. Os sinais de respiração oral estavam presentes em 57 (70%) dos escolares. Houve associação entre o tempo de amamentação e o relato de queixas de obstrução nasal esporadicamente, dificuldade ou demora ao engolir o alimento e dormir de boca aberta. Conclusão: As crianças que foram amamentadas por tempo inferior a seis meses apresentaram maior número combinado de sinais de respiração oral. Houve associação estatisticamente significante entre os sinais de respiração oral e o tempo de amamentação. O rastreamento de crianças que precisam ser encaminhadas para avaliação multiprofissional do modo respiratório pode ser realizado por meio das informações sobre tempo de amamentação e sinais de respiração oral combinados.


Introduction: Breastfeeding is a protective factor for respiratory diseases, as well as contributing to the intellectual development of children. Objective: To analyze the relationship of breastfeeding time with signs of oral breathing in children with poor school performance. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out with 82 children aged 7 to 12 years old with poor school performance, recruited from public schools in a city in the interior of Minas Gerais. The parents answered a questionnaire containing the following topics: breastfeeding time in months, gender of the child, maternal schooling and signs of oral breathing. For the statistical analysis, Pearson's Chi-square test and Fisher's exact test were used, considering a significance level of 5%. Results: Of the total number of children studied, 61 (74%) received breastfeeding for more than six months, 60 (73%) were male, 47 (56%) of the mothers were illiterate or had incomplete elementary education. Signs of oral breathing were present in 57 (70%) of schoolchildren. There was an association between the time of breastfeeding and the report of complaints of nasal obstruction sporadically, difficulty or delay when swallowing food and sleeping with open mouth. Conclusion: Children who were breastfed for less than six months had a greater combined number of signs of oral breathing. There was a statistically significant association between the signs of oral breathing and the time of breastfeeding. Screening of children who need to be referred for multiprofessional evaluation of the respiratory mode can be performed through information on breastfeeding time and combined mouth breathing signals.


Introducción: La lactancia materna es un factor de protección para las enfermedades respiratorias, además de contribuir al desarrollo intelectual de los niños. Objetivo: Analizar la relación del tiempo de lactancia con signos de respiración oral en niños con mal desempeño escolar. Métodos: Estudio transversal, realizado con 82 niños de 7 a 12 años de edad, con mal desempeño escolar, reclutados en las escuelas públicas de una ciudad del interior de Minas Gerais. Los padres respondieron a un cuestionario que contenía los siguientes temas: tiempo de lactancia en meses, sexo del niño, escolaridad materna y signos de respiración oral. Para el análisis estadístico se empleó la prueba Chi-cuadrado de Pearson y la prueba exacta de Fisher, considerando el nivel de significancia del 5% .Resultados: Del total de los niños estudiados, 61 (74%) recibieron amamantación superior a seis meses, 60 (73%) eran del sexo masculino, 47 (56%) de las madres eran analfabetas o tenían la enseñanza fundamental incompleta. Los signos de respiración oral estaban presentes en 57 (70%) de los escolares. Se observó asociación entre el tiempo de lactancia y el relato de quejas de obstrucción nasal esporádicamente, dificultad o demora al tragar el alimento y dormir de boca abierta. Conclusión: Los niños que fueron amamantados por tiempo inferior a seis meses presentaron mayor número combinado de signos de respiración oral. Se observó asociación estadísticamente significativa entre los signos de respiración oral y el tiempo de lactancia. El seguimiento de niños que necesitan ser encaminados para evaluación multiprofesional del modo respiratorio puede ser realizado por medio de las informaciones sobre tiempo de lactancia y señales de respiración oral combinadas.


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Baixo Rendimento Escolar , Aleitamento Materno , Fonoaudiologia , Respiração Bucal
6.
Rev. paul. pediatr ; 35(4): 415-421, out.-dez. 2017. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-902877

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo: Verificar a associação entre qualidade de vida e autopercepção de saúde em crianças com mau desempenho escolar, considerando fatores sociodemográficos. Métodos: Estudo observacional analítico transversal com 99 crianças de 7 a 12 anos, participantes dos Atendimentos Educacionais Especializados. Os responsáveis responderam a questões sobre aspectos sociodemográficos. Para a avaliar a qualidade de vida e os domínios propostos (autonomia, funções, lazer e família) as crianças responderam ao Autoquestionnarie Qualité de Vie Enfant Imagé (AUQEI) e a uma questão referente à autopercepção de saúde. A análise de dados foi realizada por meio da regressão linear múltipla, considerando nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Das crianças avaliadas, 69 (69,7%) eram do sexo masculino, com média de idade de 8,7±1,5. Do total, 27% delas autoavaliaram a saúde como ruim/muito ruim e 36,4% referiram ter qualidade de vida prejudicada. Quanto aos domínios avaliados pelo AUQEI, houve significância estatística dos domínios família e idade, autonomia e classificação econômica, lazer e funções em relação à autopercepção de saúde. Conclusões: A qualidade de vida de crianças com mau desempenho escolar está associada à autopercepção de saúde e a características sociodemográficas.


ABSTRACT Objective: To examine the association between quality of life and health self-perception of children with poor school performance, considering sociodemographic factors. Methods: An analytical, observational, cross-sectional study was conducted with 99 children aged 7 to 12 years receiving specialized educational assistance. Parents and legal guardians answered questions concerning the sociodemographic profile. For an assessment of the quality of life and proposed domains (autonomy, functioning, leisure, and family), the children completed the Autoquestionnarie Qualité de Vie Enfant Imagé (AUQEI) and answered a question concerning their self-perceived health. Data were analyzed using multiple linear regression, considering a 5% significance level. Results: Among the evaluated children, 69 (69.7%) male participants with mean age of 8.7±1.5, 27% self-assessed their health status as poor/very poor, and 36.4% of the children reported having impaired quality of life. As for the domains assessed by AUQEI, there was statistical significance in the associations between family with age, autonomy with economic classification, and leisure and functioning with self-perceived health. Conclusions: The quality of life of children with academic underachievement is associated with their health self-perception and sociodemographic characteristics.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Qualidade de Vida , Autoimagem , Nível de Saúde , Desempenho Acadêmico , Estudos Transversais , Autoavaliação Diagnóstica
7.
Rev Paul Pediatr ; 35(4): 415-421, 2017.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29185623

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between quality of life and health self-perception of children with poor school performance, considering sociodemographic factors. METHODS: An analytical, observational, cross-sectional study was conducted with 99 children aged 7 to 12 years receiving specialized educational assistance. Parents and legal guardians answered questions concerning the sociodemographic profile. For an assessment of the quality of life and proposed domains (autonomy, functioning, leisure, and family), the children completed the Autoquestionnarie Qualité de Vie Enfant Imagé (AUQEI) and answered a question concerning their self-perceived health. Data were analyzed using multiple linear regression, considering a 5% significance level. RESULTS: Among the evaluated children, 69 (69.7%) male participants with mean age of 8.7±1.5, 27% self-assessed their health status as poor/very poor, and 36.4% of the children reported having impaired quality of life. As for the domains assessed by AUQEI, there was statistical significance in the associations between family with age, autonomy with economic classification, and leisure and functioning with self-perceived health. CONCLUSIONS: The quality of life of children with academic underachievement is associated with their health self-perception and sociodemographic characteristics.


Assuntos
Desempenho Acadêmico , Nível de Saúde , Qualidade de Vida , Autoimagem , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Autoavaliação Diagnóstica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
8.
Codas ; 28(3): 226-33, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27462731

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the auditory temporal aspects in children with poor school performance aged 7-12 years and their association with behavioral aspects, health perception, school and health profiles, and sociodemographic factors. METHODS: This is an observational, analytical, transversal study including 89 children with poor school performance aged 7-12 years enrolled in the municipal public schools of a municipality in Minas Gerais state, participants of Specialized Educational Assistance. The first stage of the study was conducted with the subjects' parents aiming to collect information on sociodemographic aspects, health profile, and educational records. In addition, the parents responded to the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). The second stage was conducted with the children in order to investigate their health self-perception and analyze the auditory assessment, which consisted of meatoscopy, Transient Otoacoustic Emissions, and tests that evaluated the aspects of simple auditory temporal ordering and auditory temporal resolution. Tests assessing the temporal aspects of auditory temporal processing were considered as response variables, and the explanatory variables were grouped for univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. The level of significance was set at 5%. RESULTS: Significant statistical correlation was found between the auditory temporal aspects and the variables age, gender, presence of repetition, and health self-perception. CONCLUSION: Children with poor school performance presented changes in the auditory temporal aspects. The temporal abilities assessed suggest association with different factors such as maturational process, health self-perception, and school records.


Assuntos
Percepção Auditiva/fisiologia , Transtornos da Percepção Auditiva/diagnóstico , Baixo Rendimento Escolar , Transtornos da Percepção Auditiva/psicologia , Criança , Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/diagnóstico , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Testes Auditivos , Humanos , Masculino , Autoimagem , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo
9.
Rev. CEFAC ; 18(3): 559-567, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-787759

RESUMO

RESUMO: Objetivo: verificar a existência de associação entre os aspectos da avaliação clínica da língua. Métodos: foi realizado um estudo transversal, com 48 adultos saudáveis, 13 homens e 35 mulheres (idades entre 20 e 44 anos, M=24,8 anos, DP=5,3 anos). Os seguintes aspectos foram avaliados: tensão, movimentos alternados, estalo de língua, sucção de língua no palato e vibração de língua. O avaliador também verificou se o assoalho da boca se elevava durante as tarefas de elevação de língua e sucção de língua no palato e a ocorrência de tremor lingual. Resultados: os aspectos com maior número de indivíduos alterados foram sucção de língua no palato e vibração de língua. Tremor apresentou grande ocorrência durante astarefas de mobilidade. Verificou-se associação estatisticamente significante entre estalo e vibração de língua; e entre vibração e elevação do assoalho da boca durante elevação da língua. Houve associação também entre tensão da língua e as variáveis estalo, vibração de língua e elevação do assoalho da boca durante a elevação da língua. Conclusão: o grau de tensão da língua influencia o desempenho de praxias linguais. As alterações de vibração tendem a vir acompanhadas de outras dificuldades.


ABSTRACT: Purpose: to verify the relationship between the aspects of tongue clinical evaluation. Methods: a cross-sectional study was conducted with (48) healthy adults, (13) men and (35) women (ages (20)-(44) years, M=(24).(8) years, SD=(5).(3) years). The following aspects were checked: tongue force, alternate movements, snap, suction and vibration of the tongue. The evaluator also checked if the floor of the mouth elevated during tasks of tongue elevation or sucking tongue on palate and the occurrence of lingual tremor. Results: the aspects with the most frequent alteration were sucking tongue on palate and tongue vibration. Tremor had a higher occurrence during tongue movements. It was found statistically significant association between snap and vibration and between vibration and elevation of the floor of the mouth during elevation of the tongue. Tongue force was associated with snap, vibration and elevation of the floor of the mouth during tongue elevation. Conclusion: the level of force influences lingual praxis performance. Vibration changes tend to be accompanied by other difficulties.

10.
CoDAS ; 28(3): 226-233, tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-788071

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo investigar os aspectos temporais auditivos de crianças de 7 a 12 anos de idade com mau desempenho escolar e a associação com aspectos comportamentais, percepção de saúde, perfil escolar e de saúde e fatores sociodemográficos. Métodos trata-se de estudo observacional analítico transversal com 89 crianças de 7 a 12 anos de idade, com mau desempenho escolar das escolas públicas municipais de uma cidade do interior de Minas Gerais, participantes dos Atendimentos Educacionais Especializados. A primeira etapa da pesquisa foi realizada com os pais para coleta de informações sobre questões sociodemográficas, perfil de saúde e vida escolar. Além disso, os pais preencheram o Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). A segunda etapa foi realizada com as crianças para investigação da autopercepção de saúde e da avaliação auditiva que constou da meatoscopia, Emissões Otoacústicas Transientes e testes que avaliam os aspectos temporais auditivos de ordenação temporal simples e resolução temporal. Foram consideradas como variáveis respostas os testes que avaliam os aspectos temporais auditivos e as variáveis explicativas foram agrupadas para realização da análise de regressão logística uni e multivariável, considerando o nível de significância de 5%. Resultados foi encontrada associação com significância estatística entre aspectos temporais auditivos e as variáveis idade, gênero, presença de reprovação e autopercepção de saúde. Conclusão as crianças com mau desempenho escolar apresentaram alterações dos aspectos temporais auditivos. As habilidades temporais avaliadas sugerem associação a diferentes fatores como: processo maturacional, autopercepção de saúde e histórico escolar.


ABSTRACT Purpose To investigate the auditory temporal aspects in children with poor school performance aged 7-12 years and their association with behavioral aspects, health perception, school and health profiles, and sociodemographic factors. Methods This is an observational, analytical, transversal study including 89 children with poor school performance aged 7-12 years enrolled in the municipal public schools of a municipality in Minas Gerais state, participants of Specialized Educational Assistance. The first stage of the study was conducted with the subjects’ parents aiming to collect information on sociodemographic aspects, health profile, and educational records. In addition, the parents responded to the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). The second stage was conducted with the children in order to investigate their health self-perception and analyze the auditory assessment, which consisted of meatoscopy, Transient Otoacoustic Emissions, and tests that evaluated the aspects of simple auditory temporal ordering and auditory temporal resolution. Tests assessing the temporal aspects of auditory temporal processing were considered as response variables, and the explanatory variables were grouped for univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. The level of significance was set at 5%. Results Significant statistical correlation was found between the auditory temporal aspects and the variables age, gender, presence of repetition, and health self-perception. Conclusion Children with poor school performance presented changes in the auditory temporal aspects. The temporal abilities assessed suggest association with different factors such as maturational process, health self-perception, and school records.

11.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 20(3): 203-209, jul.-set. 2015. tab, ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-761549

RESUMO

Objetivo Pesquisar a atividade elétrica dos músculos supra-hióideos em oito diferentes exercícios isométricos e sugerir o exercício mais apropriado para normalização dos dados.Métodos Participaram do estudo 22 indivíduos do gênero feminino, com idades entre 19 e 38 anos (M=24,1 anos e DP=3,8 anos). Primeiramente, os participantes foram submetidos à avaliação clínica da língua. Em seguida, por meio de eletromiografia, foi feito o registro da atividade elétrica da região submentual durante o repouso e realização dos exercícios isométricos: sucção de língua no palato; pressão de língua no palato; pressão de ápice de língua contra o palato; pressão de ápice de língua contra a papila palatina; retração exagerada de língua; lateralização de língua e protrusão de língua. A ordem de realização dos exercícios foi randomizada entre os participantes. Os dados coletados foram analisados, utilizando-se os testes Kruskal Wallis e Mann-Whitney. Adotou-se como nível de significância em todas as análises, valor de p≤0,05.Resultados A atividade elétrica encontrada para todos os exercícios diferiu apenas daquela medida durante o repouso lingual, não apresentando diferença com significância estatística quando os exercícios foram comparados entre si.Conclusão Não houve diferença na ativação elétrica da musculatura supra-hióidea nos diversos tipos de exercícios realizados. Portanto, nenhum destes exercícios foi mais apropriado, em relação aos demais, para normalização dos dados.


Purpose To analyze the electric activity of suprahyoid muscles in eight different isometric exercises and to suggest the most appropriate exercise for data normalization.Methods Twenty two female volunteers, ages between 19 and 38 years (Avg=24,1 and SD=3,8) participated of the study. At first, the participants underwent a clinical evaluation of the tongue. Electric activity of submental region was recorded, by means of the electromyographic assessment, with the participant keeping the tongue in rest position and accomplishing the following exercises: tongue suction on the palate; tongue pressure on the palate; tongue apex pressure against the palate; tongue apex pressure against incisive papilla; exaggerated tongue retraction; tongue lateralization; and tongue protrusion. The exercises were randomly accomplished by the participants. Collected data were analyzed using Kruskal Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests. It was adopted as the significance level for all analyzes value of p≤0.05.Results Electromyographic activity of all the exercises was different from the one recorded in rest position. There was no statistical significant difference between different exercises.Conclusion There was no difference in submental electrical activation in different exercises. Therefore none was more appropriate then the other for data normalization.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Eletromiografia , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Sistema Estomatognático , Língua , Força Muscular , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
12.
Codas ; 27(3): 260-6, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26222943

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To verify the association of tongue clinical evaluation aspects with quantitative evaluation of tongue force. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 48 healthy adults, 13 men and 35 women (ages 20-44 years; mean - M=24.8 years; standard deviation - SD=5.3 years). By clinical evaluation, the following aspects were checked: tongue force, alternate movements, snap, suction and vibration of the tongue. The evaluator also checked if the floor of the mouth elevated during tasks of tongue elevation and sucking tongue on palate and the occurrence of lingual tremor. Quantitative evaluation was accomplished using the FORLING instrument. It is composed of a piston/cylinder assembly attached to a mouthguard and to a drive shaft. The force applied by the tongue to the drive shaft is hydraulically transmitted to a pressure sensor. Mann-Whitney's test was used to verify whether there were differences in average and maximum forces according to the characteristics assessed. The test was performed at a 5% level of significance. RESULTS: The aspects with the most frequent alteration were sucking tongue on palate and tongue vibration. Tremor had a higher occurrence during tongue movements. Elevation of the floor of the mouth in sucking tongue on palate was the only aspect associated with quantitative evaluation. CONCLUSION: The association between elevation of the floor of the mouth during sucking tongue on palate and quantitative evaluation can provide insight into the higher participation of the suprahyoid muscles in some participants in both tasks.


Assuntos
Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Palato Mole/fisiologia , Língua/fisiologia , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula , Fonoterapia/instrumentação , Adulto Jovem
13.
CoDAS ; 27(3): 260-266, May-Jun/2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-753090

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To verify the association of tongue clinical evaluation aspects with quantitative evaluation of tongue force. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 48 healthy adults, 13 men and 35 women (ages 20-44 years; mean - M=24.8 years; standard deviation - SD=5.3 years). By clinical evaluation, the following aspects were checked: tongue force, alternate movements, snap, suction and vibration of the tongue. The evaluator also checked if the floor of the mouth elevated during tasks of tongue elevation and sucking tongue on palate and the occurrence of lingual tremor. Quantitative evaluation was accomplished using the FORLING instrument. It is composed of a piston/cylinder assembly attached to a mouthguard and to a drive shaft. The force applied by the tongue to the drive shaft is hydraulically transmitted to a pressure sensor. Mann-Whitney's test was used to verify whether there were differences in average and maximum forces according to the characteristics assessed. The test was performed at a 5% level of significance. RESULTS: The aspects with the most frequent alteration were sucking tongue on palate and tongue vibration. Tremor had a higher occurrence during tongue movements. Elevation of the floor of the mouth in sucking tongue on palate was the only aspect associated with quantitative evaluation. CONCLUSION: The association between elevation of the floor of the mouth during sucking tongue on palate and quantitative evaluation can provide insight into the higher participation of the suprahyoid muscles in some participants in both tasks. .


OBJETIVO: Pesquisar a associação entre os aspectos da avaliação clínica da língua e avaliação quantitativa da força de protrusão da língua. Métodos: Foi realizada uma pesquisa transversal com 48 adultos saudáveis, 13 homens e 35 mulheres (idades entre 20 e 44 anos; média - M=24,8 anos; desvio padrão - DP=5,3 anos). Na avaliação clínica, os seguintes aspectos foram avaliados: força da língua, movimentos alternados, estalo, sucção e vibração da língua. O avaliador também verificou se o assoalho da boca elevava-se durante tarefas de elevação e sucção de língua no palato, bem como a ocorrência de tremor lingual. Para avaliação quantitativa da força da língua, utilizou-se o FORLING, o qual é composto por um conjunto pistão/cilindro acoplado a um bocal e a uma haste de acionamento. A força aplicada pela língua à haste é hidraulicamente transmitida a um sensor de pressão. Utilizou-se o teste de Mann-Whitney para verificar se havia diferenças nas forças médias e máximas, de acordo com as características avaliadas. Adotou-se nível de significância de 5%. RESULTADOS: Os aspectos com maior número de indivíduos alterados foram sucção de língua no palato e vibração de língua. Tremor lingual teve alta ocorrência durante tarefas de mobilidade. Elevação do assoalho da boca durante sucção de língua no palato foi o único aspecto da avaliação clínica associado à avaliação quantitativa de força. CONCLUSÃO: A associação entre elevação do assoalho da boca durante sucção de língua no palato com a avaliação quantitativa de força pode indicar uma maior participação da musculatura supra-hióidea em determinados participantes em ambas as tarefas. .


Assuntos
Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Palato Mole/fisiologia , Língua/fisiologia , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Mandíbula , Fonoterapia/instrumentação
14.
Rev. CEFAC ; 17(supl.1): 96-106, 3/2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-741994

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: explicitar as práticas de biossegurança adotadas por fonoaudiólogos atuantes na área de Audiologia e relacioná-las com a educação continuada e o tempo de formação dos profissionais. MÉTODOS: participaram deste estudo 70 fonoaudiólogos atuantes na área de Audiologia, nos municípios de Belo Horizonte e Contagem. Foi aplicado um questionário sobre biossegurança em Audiologia, com base na Norma Regulamentadora 32, composto por 27 perguntas fechadas, abordando os aspectos de higienização das mãos, equipamentos de proteção individual e organização e higienização dos artigos e do ambiente. RESULTADOS: a maioria dos fonoaudiólogos relatou que adota as seguintes medidas de biossegurança: higienização das mãos antes dos atendimentos (71%), uso de jaleco com mangas longas (74%) e abotoado (91%), cabelos presos (79%), unhas limpas e cortadas (91%), separação e desinfecção dos artigos usados (83%) e organização do ambiente (97%). No entanto somente 40% dos profissionais referiram higienizar as mãos entre os atendimentos e 9% referiram o uso de luvas na realização da meatoscopia. Observou-se que a destinação dos artigos para desinfecção é uma prática mais rotineira para profissionais com especialização (p< 0,05). Os profissionais com maior tempo de formação aderiram melhor à prática de higienização das mãos. CONCLUSÃO: higienizar as mãos antes dos atendimentos, vestir-se corretamente, destinar os artigos para desinfecção e organizar o ambiente de trabalho são práticas de biossegurança adotadas pela maioria dos fonoaudiólogos. Fatores como tempo de formação e educação continuada influenciam de maneira positiva na adoção de corretas medidas de biossegurança. .


PURPOSE: to know the practices of biosecurity practices adopted by Speech Therapists working in Audiology and relate these practices with continuing education and professionals' time of graduation. METHODS: 70 speech therapists working in Audiology in the cities of Belo Horizonte and Contagem participated in this study. It was administered a questionnaire on Biosafety in Audiology, based on Regulatory Norm 32, comprising 27 closed questions, covering aspects of hand hygiene, personal protective equipment, organization and cleanliness of working items and the environment. RESULTS: most of the speech therapists interviewed reported adopting the following biosafety precautions: hand hygiene before attendance (71%), use of lab coats with long sleeves (74%) and buttoned (91%), hair tied (79%), cleaned and cut nails (91%), separation and disinfection of used items (83%), organization of the environment (97%). However, only 40% of them reported washing their hands between patients' appointments and 9% reported to wear gloves when carrying out meatoscopy. It was observed that the allocation of items for disinfection is a routine practice for most professionals with expertise (p <0.05). Professionals with longer time of graduation adhered better to the hand hygiene practice. CONCLUSION: washing hands before the attendance, dressing properly, allocating the items intended for disinfection and organizing the workplace are biosecurity practices adopted by most of speech therapists. Some factors such as time of graduation and continuous education positively influence the adoption of correct precautions on Biosafety. .

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...