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1.
Trials ; 21(1): 337, 2020 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32299458

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ischemic cardiomyopathy and severe left ventricular dysfunction are well established to represent the main determinants of poor survival and premature death compared with preserved ventricular function. However, the role of myocardial revascularization as a therapeutic alternative is not known to improve the long-term prognosis in this group of patients. This study will investigate whether myocardial revascularization contributes to a better prognosis for patients compared with those treated with drugs alone and followed over the long term. METHODS: The study will include 600 patients with coronary artery disease associated with ischemic cardiomyopathy. The surgical or drug therapy option will be randomized, and the events considered for analysis will be all-cause mortality, nonfatal infarction, unstable angina requiring additional revascularization, and stroke. The events will be analyzed according to the intent-to-treat principle. Patients with multivessel coronary disease and left ventricular ejection fraction measurements of less than 35% will be included. In addition, myocardial ischemia will be documented by myocardial scintigraphy. Markers of myocardial necrosis will be checked at admission and after the procedure. DISCUSSION: The role of myocardial revascularization (CABG) in the treatment of patients with coronary artery disease and heart failure is not clearly established. The surgical option of revascularizing the myocardium is a procedure designed to reduce the load of myocardial hibernation in patients with heart failure caused by coronary artery disease. On the other hand, the assessment of myocardial viability is frequently used to identify patients with left ventricular ischemic dysfunction in which CABG may add survival benefit. However, the effectiveness of this option is uncertain. The great difficulty in establishing the efficacy of surgical intervention is based on the understanding of viability without ischemia. Thus, this study will include only patients with viable and truly ischemic myocardium to correct this anomaly. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Evaluation of a randomized comparison between patients with coronary artery disease associated with ischemic cardiomyopathy submitted to medical or surgical treatment: MASS-VI (HF), ISRCTN77449548, Oct 10th, 2019 (retrospectively registered).

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(8): e18973, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32080075

RESUMO

This study investigated the relationship between angiographic complexities of coronary artery disease (CAD) assessed by SYNTAX Score synergy between percutaneous coronary intervention with taxus and cardiac surgery score (SYNTAX Score) and cardiac biomarker elevation after revascularization procedures.This is a post-hoc analysis of the medicine, angioplasty or surgery study V study of patients with stable CAD. High-sensitivity troponin 1 (hs-TnI) and creatinine kinase-muscle/brain (CK-MB) were assessed before and after cardiovascular procedures. Baselines SYNTAX Scores (SXScores) were calculated by blinded investigators to patient characteristics.Of the 202 patients studied, the mean SXScore was 21.25 ±â€Š9.24; 40.10 ±â€Š7.09 in the high SXScore group and 19.06 ±â€Š6.61 in low/mid SXscore group (P < .0001). Positive correlations existed between SXScore and median peaks after procedural hs-TnI (r = 0.18, P = .009) and CK-MB (r = 0.24, P = .001) levels. In patients with high SXScores (≥33), the median peaks of post-procedural hs-TnI (P = .034)and CK-MB (P = .004) levels were higher than in low/mid SXScore group (<33).The release of hs-TnI at 6 (P = .002), 12 (P = .008), and 24 hours (P = .039) was higher in high SXScore group than in low/mid SXscore group (<33) as was the release of CK-MB at 6 (P < .0001), 12 (P < .0001), 24 (P = .001), 36 (P = .007), 48 (P = .008), and 72 hours (P = .023). After multivariable analysis, high SXScore was a significant independent predictor of release of CK-MB and hs-TnI peaks higher than the median.The increase in release of cardiac biomarkers was significantly associated with the extent of atherosclerosis identified by the SYNTAX Score.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Idoso , Angioplastia/métodos , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/patologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/tendências , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Troponina I/metabolismo
4.
JAMA Netw Open ; 3(1): e1919666, 2020 01 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31968117

RESUMO

Importance: Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) values are used to guide glycemic control, but in patients with type 2 diabetes and multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD), the association of the longitudinal values of HbA1c with cardiovascular outcomes is unclear. Objective: To assess whether longitudinal variation of HbA1c is associated with cardiovascular events in long-term follow-up among patients with diabetes and multivessel CAD. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study included 888 patients with type 2 diabetes and multivessel CAD in the Medicine, Angioplasty, or Surgery Study (MASS) Registry of the Heart Institute of the University of São Paulo from January 2003 to December 2007. Data were analyzed from January 15, 2018, to October 15, 2019. Exposure: Longitudinal HbA1c values. Main Outcomes and Measures: The combined outcome of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, and ischemic stroke. Results: Of 888 patients with type 2 diabetes and multivessel CAD, 725 (81.6%; median [range] age, 62.4 [55.7-68.0] years; 467 [64.4%] men) had complete clinical and HbA1c information during a median (interquartile range) follow-up period of 10.0 (8.0-12.3) years, with a mean (SD) of 9.5 (3.8) HbA1c values for each patient. The composite end point of death, myocardial infarction, or ischemic stroke occurred in 262 patients (36.1%). A 1-point increase in the longitudinal value of HbA1c was significantly associated with a 14% higher risk of the combined end point of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, and ischemic stroke (hazard ratio, 1.14; 95% CI, 1.04-1.24; P = .002) in the unadjusted analysis. After adjusting for baseline factors (ie, age, sex, 2-vessel or 3-vessel CAD, initial CAD treatments, ejection fraction, and creatinine and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels), a 1-point increase in the longitudinal value of HbA1c was associated with a 22% higher risk of the combined end point (hazard ratio, 1.22; 95% CI, 1.12-1.35; P < .001). Conclusions and Relevance: Longitudinal increase of HbA1c was independently associated with higher rates of cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes and multivessel CAD.


Assuntos
Glicemia/análise , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/fisiopatologia , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Idoso , Brasil , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco
5.
Nephrol Dial Transplant ; 35(8): 1369-1376, 2020 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30590726

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with a worse prognosis in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD); however, there is limited randomized data on long-term outcomes of CAD therapies in these patients. We evaluated long-term outcomes of CKD patients with CAD who underwent randomized therapy with medical treatment (MT) alone, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). METHODS: Baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was obtained in 611 patients randomized to one of three therapeutic strategies in the Medicine, Angioplasty, or Surgery Study II trial. Patients were categorized in preserved renal function and mild or moderate CKD groups depending on their eGFR (≥90, 89-60 and 59-30 mL/min/1.73 m2, respectively). The primary clinical endpoint, a composite of overall death and myocardial infarction, and its individual components were analyzed using proportional hazards regression (Clinical Trial registration information: http://www.controlled-trials.com. Registration number: ISRCTN66068876). RESULTS: Of 611 patients, 112 (18%) had preserved eGFR, 349 (57%) mild dysfunction and 150 (25%) moderate dysfunction. The primary endpoint occurred in 29.5, 32.4 and 44.7% (P = 0.02) for preserved eGFR, mild CKD and moderate CKD, respectively. Overall mortality incidence was 18.7, 23.8 and 39.3% for preserved eGFR, mild CKD and moderate CKD, respectively (P = 0.001). For preserved eGFR, there was no significant difference in outcomes between therapies. For mild CKD, the primary event rate was 29.4% for PCI, 29.1% for CABG and 41.1% for MT (P = 0.006) [adjusted hazard ratio (HR) = 0.26, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.07-0.88; P = 0.03 for PCI versus MT; and adjusted HR = 0.48; 95% CI 0.31-0.76; P = 0.002 for CABG versus MT]. We also observed higher mortality rates in the MT group (28.6%) compared with PCI (24.1%) and CABG (19.0%) groups (P = 0.015) among mild CKD subjects (adjusted HR = 0.44, 95% CI 0.25-0.76; P = 0.003 for CABG versus MT; adjusted HR = 0.56, 95% CI 0.07-4.28; P = 0.58 for PCI versus MT). Results were similar with moderate CKD group but did not achieve significance. CONCLUSIONS: Coronary interventional therapy, both PCI and CABG, is associated with lower rates of events compared with MT in mild CKD patients >10 years of follow-up. More study is needed to confirm these benefits in moderate CKD.

6.
JAMA Intern Med ; 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31329221

RESUMO

Importance: The long-term prognostic implications of myocardial ischemia documented during stress testing in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) are unclear. Objective: To assess whether documented stress testing-induced myocardial ischemia is associated with major adverse cardiovascular events or ventricular function changes in patients with stable multivessel CAD. Design, Setting, and Participants: A prospective cohort study was conducted using data from a single-center randomized clinical trial (Medicine, Angioplasty, or Surgery Study [MASS] II) to examine the association of myocardial ischemia documented during stress testing at baseline with cardiovascular events and ventricular function changes during follow-up. Participants were previously randomized (May 1, 1995, to May 31, 2000) to medical therapy, percutaneous coronary intervention with bare metal stents, or coronary artery bypass grafting. Event-free survival was estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method, and multivariable Cox regression models were calculated to assess the association between ischemia and the primary composite end point. The vital status was determined on February 28, 2011. Data were analyzed from February 1, 2016, to April 1, 2017. Main Outcomes and Measures: Cardiovascular events (overall mortality, myocardial infarction, and revascularization for refractory angina) were tracked from the time of randomization to the end of the 10-year follow-up (mean [SD] duration, 11.4 [4.3] years). Myocardial ischemia was assessed at baseline and at 1-year intervals by exercise stress testing, and ventricular function (left ventricular ejection fraction) was assessed by echocardiography at baseline and after 10 years. Patients with documented ischemia were compared with those without ischemia regarding the outcomes and changes in ventricular function. Results: Of 611 participants, 535 underwent exercise stress testing at baseline: 270 with documented ischemia and 265 without. Of these 535 patients, 373 (69.7%) were men, and the mean (SD) age for the entire cohort was 59.7 (9.2) years. No association was found between the presence of ischemia at baseline and survival free of combined cardiovascular events (hazard ratio, 1.00; 95% CI, 0.80-1.27; P = .95) after multivariable adjustment that included CAD initial randomized treatments. In addition, among 320 patients who underwent echocardiographic evaluation, the slight decline in left ventricular ejection fraction after 10 years was similar in both groups (median [SD] difference, -4.9% [18.7%] vs -6.6% [20.0%], respectively, for groups with and without ischemia; P = .97). Conclusions and Relevance: In this study, regardless of the therapeutic strategy applied, the presence of documented myocardial ischemia did not appear to be associated with an increased occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events or changes in ventricular function in patients with multivessel CAD during a long-term follow-up.

7.
J Thorac Dis ; 11(3): 1005-1015, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31019790

RESUMO

Myocardial ischemia is considered the cornerstone of the treatment of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Although the deleterious effects of myocardial infarction, the maximum expression of ischemia, have been extensively studied and described, the clinical effects of chronic, documented myocardial ischemia are not completely clarified. The first studies that compared therapies for coronary disease focused on the presence of anatomical features and assessed ischemia based on the interpretation of the findings of obstructive atherosclerotic lesions. They suggested that revascularization interventions did not confer any clinical advantage over medical therapy (MT), in terms of cardiac or overall death. Other retrospective studies that were dedicated to assessing the impact of documented stress-induced ischemia on cardiovascular outcomes have suggested a prognostic impact of chronic ischemia. However, this has been questioned in recent studies. Moreover, the previous understanding that chronic ischemia could lead to worsening of ventricular function was not confirmed in a recent study. Thus, the prognostic significance of stress-induced ischemia has been questioned. Regarding treatment options, although some previous analyses have suggested that interventional therapies would reduce cardiovascular events in CAD patients with documented ischemia, recent post-hoc studies and metanalysis have shown distinct results. In this review article, the authors discuss myocardial ischemia, the different responses of the myocardium to ischemic insults, ischemic preconditioning, and the main findings of recent studies about the clinical aspects and treatment of patients with chronic, documented myocardial ischemia.

8.
Angiology ; 70(4): 337-344, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30286625

RESUMO

It was a randomized trial, and 308 patients undergoing revascularization were randomly assigned: 155 to off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) and 153 to on-pump coronary artery bypass (ONCAB). End points were freedom from death, myocardial infarction, revascularization, and cerebrovascular accidents. The rates for 10-year, event-free survival for ONCAB versus OPCAB were 69.6% and 64%, (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.88; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.86-1.02; P = .41), respectively. Adjusted Cox proportional hazard ratio was similar (HR: 0.92; 95% CI 0.61-1.38, P = .68). A difference occurred between the duration of OPCAB and ONCAB, respectively (4.9 ± 1.5 vs 6.6 ± 1.1 h, P < .001). Statistical differences occurred between OPCAB and ONCAB in the length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay (20 ± 2.5 vs 48 ± 10 hours, P < .001), time to extubation (5.5 ± 4.2 vs 10.2 ± 3.5 hours, P < .001), hospital stay (6.7 ± 1.4 vs 9.2 ± 1.3 days, P < .001), higher incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF; 33 vs 5 patients, P < .001), and blood requirements (46 vs 64 patients, P < .001). Grafts per patient was higher in ONCAB (3.15 vs 2.55 grafts, P < .001). No difference existed between the groups in primary composite end points at 10-year follow-up. Although OPCAB surgery was related to a lower number of grafts and higher incidence of AF, it had no effects related to long-term outcomes.


Assuntos
Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Estenose Coronária/cirurgia , Idoso , Ponte Cardiopulmonar/efeitos adversos , Ponte Cardiopulmonar/mortalidade , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/mortalidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Cost Eff Resour Alloc ; 16: 55, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30410425

RESUMO

Background: The costs for treating coronary artery disease (CAD) are high worldwide. We performed a prespecified analyses of cost-effectiveness of three therapeutic strategies for multivessel CAD. Methods: From May 1995 to May 2000, a total of 611 patients were randomly assigned to coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), n = 203; percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), n = 205; or medical treatment (MT), n = 203. This cost analysis study was based on the perspective of the Public Health Care System. Initial procedural and follow-up costs for medications, cardiology examinations, and hospitalizations for complications were calculated after randomization. Life-years and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) were used as effectiveness measures. Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICER) were obtained by using nonparametric bootstrapping methods with 5000 resamples. Results: Initial procedural costs were lower for MT. However, the subsequent 5-year cumulative costs were lower for CABG. Compared with baseline, the three treatment options produced significant improvements in QALYs. After 5 years, PCI and CABG had better QALYs results compared with MT. The ICER results favored CABG and PCI, and favored PCI over CABG in 61% of the drawings. On the other hand, sensitivity analysis showed MT as the preferred therapy compared with CABG and PCI, in the analysis considering higher costs. Conclusions: At 5-year follow-up, the three treatment options yielded improvements in quality of life, with comparable and acceptable costs. However, despite higher initial costs, the comparison of cost-effectiveness after 5 years of follow-up among the three treatments showed both interventions (CABG and PCI) to be cost-effective strategies compared with MT.Trial registration ISRCTN, ISRCTN66068876, Registered 06/10/1994, http://www.controlled-trials.com/ISRCTN66068876.

10.
Int J Cardiol ; 273: 63-68, 2018 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30158068

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent trials have reported similar clinical outcomes between on-pump and off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). However, long-term cost-effectiveness of these strategies is unknown. METHODS: A prespecified economic study was performed based on the MASS III trial. Costs were estimated for all patients based on observed healthcare resource usage over a 5-year follow-up. Health state utilities were evaluated with the SF-6D questionnaire. Cost-effectiveness was assessed as cost per quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) gained using a Markov model. Probabilistic sensitivity analysis with the Monte-Carlo simulation and cost-effectiveness acceptability curve were used to address uncertainty. RESULTS: Quality of life improved significantly in both groups during follow-up compared with baseline. At 5 years, when comparing on-pump and off-pump CABG groups, no differences were found in cumulative life-years (4.851 and 4.766 years, P = .319) and QALY gained (4.150 and 4.105 QALYs, P = .332). Mean cost in US dollars per patient during the trial did not differ significantly between the on-pump and off-pump groups ($5890.29 and $5674.75, respectively, P = .409). Over a lifetime horizon, the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of on-pump versus off-pump CABG was $12,576 per QALY gained, which is above the suggested cost-effectiveness threshold range (from $3210 to 10,122). In the sensitivity analysis, the probability that on-pump CABG is cost-effective compared to off-pump surgery for a willingness-to-pay threshold of $3212 per QALY gained was <1%. For the $10,122 per QALY threshold, the same probability was 35%. CONCLUSION: This decision-analytic model suggests that on-pump CABG is not cost-effective when compared to off-pump CABG from a public health system perspective.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/economia , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/economia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/economia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Análise Custo-Benefício/métodos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/tendências , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/tendências , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Análise Custo-Benefício/tendências , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Cadeias de Markov
11.
Diabetol Metab Syndr ; 9: 92, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29201152

RESUMO

Background: Diabetic patients may be more susceptible to myocardial injury after coronary interventions. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the release of cardiac biomarkers, CK-MB and troponin, and the findings of new late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) on cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus after elective revascularization procedures for multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods: Patients with multivessel CAD and preserved systolic ventricular function underwent either elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), off-pump or on-pump bypass surgery (CABG). Troponin and CK-MB were systematically collected at baseline, 6, 12, 24, 36, 48 and 72 h after the procedures. CMR with LGE was performed before and after the interventions. Patients were stratified according to diabetes status at study entry. Biomarkers and CMR results were compared between diabetic and nondiabetics patients. Analyses of correlation were also performed among glycemic and glycated hemoglobin (A1c) levels and troponin and CK-MB peak levels. Patients were also stratified into tertiles of fasting glycemia and A1c levels and were compared in terms of periprocedural myocardial infarction (PMI) on CMR. Results: Ninety (44.5%) of the 202 patients had diabetes mellitus at study entry. After interventions, median peak troponin was 2.18 (0.47, 5.14) and 2.24 (0.69, 5.42) ng/mL (P = 0.81), and median peak CK-MB was 14.1 (6.8, 31.7) and 14.0 (4.2, 29.8) ng/mL (P = 0.43), in diabetic and nondiabetic patients, respectively. The release of troponin and CK-MB over time was statistically similar in both groups and in the three treatments, besides PCI. New LGE on CMR indicated that new myocardial fibrosis was present in 18.9 and 17.3% (P = 0.91), and myocardial edema in 15.5 and 22.9% (P = 0.39) in diabetic and nondiabetic patients, respectively. The incidence of PMI in the glycemia tertiles was 17.9% versus 19.3% versus 18.7% (P = 0.98), and in the A1c tertiles was 19.1% versus 13.3% versus 22.2% (P = 0.88). Conclusions: In this study, diabetes mellitus did not add risk of myocardial injury after revascularization interventions in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease. Trial Registration Name of Registry: Evaluation of cardiac biomarker elevation after percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass graft; URL: http://www.controlled-trials.com.ISRCTN09454308.

12.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 12(1): 122, 2017 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29284532

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of peri-procedural myocardial infarction is complex, especially after the emergence of high-sensitivity markers of myocardial necrosis. METHODS: In this study, patients with normal baseline cardiac biomarkers and formal indication for elective on-pump coronary bypass surgery were evaluated. Electrocardiograms, cardiac biomarkers, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging with late gadolinium enhancement were performed before and after procedures. Myocardial infarction was defined as more than ten times the upper reference limit of the 99th percentile for troponin I and for creatine kinase isoform (CK-MB) and by the findings of new late gadolinium enhancement on cardiac magnetic resonance. We assessed the release of cardiac biomarkers in patients with no evidence of myocardial infarction on cardiac magnetic resonance. RESULTS: Of 75 patients referred for on-pump coronary bypass surgery, 54 (100%) did not have evidence of myocardial infarction on cardiac magnetic resonance. However, all had a peak troponin I above the 99th percentile; 52 (96%) had an elevation 10 times higher than the 99th percentile. Regarding CK-MB, 54 (100%) patients had a peak CK-MB above the 99th percentile limit, and only 13 (24%) had an elevation greater than 10 times the 99th percentile. The median value of troponin I peak was 3.15 (1.2 to 3.9) ng/mL, which represented 78.7 times the 99th percentile. CONCLUSION: In this study, different from CK-MB findings, troponin was significantly increased in the absence of myocardial infarction on cardiac magnetic resonance. Thus, CK-MB was more accurate than troponin I for excluding procedure-related myocardial infarction. These data suggest a higher troponin cutoff for the diagnosis of coronary bypass surgery related myocardial infarction. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: http://www.isrctn.com/ISRCTN09454308 . Registered 08 May 2012.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Creatina Quinase Forma MB/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Troponina I/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Gadolínio , Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Necrose/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue
13.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 90(1): 87-93, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28573785

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the amount and pattern of cardiac biomarker release after elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients without evidence of a new myocardial infarction (MI) after the procedure as assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) with late gadolinium enhancement (LGE). BACKGROUND: The release of myocardial necrosis biomarkers after PCI frequently occurs. However, the correlation between biomarker release and the diagnosis of procedure-related MI type 4a has been controversial. METHODS: Patients with normal baseline cardiac biomarkers who were referred for elective PCI were prospectively included. CMR with LGE was performed in all of the patients before and after the intervention. Measurements of troponin I (TnI) and creatine kinase MB fraction (CK-MB) were systematically performed before and after the procedure. Patients with a new LGE on the post-procedure CMR were excluded. RESULTS: Of the 56 patients with no evidence of a procedure-related MI as assessed by CMR after the PCI, 48 (85.1%) exhibited an elevation of TnI above the 99th percentile. In 32 patients (57.1%), the peak was greater than five times this limit. Additionally, 17 patients (30.4%) had a CK-MB peak above the 99th percentile limit, but this peak was greater than five times the 99th percentile in only two patients (3.6%). The median peak release of TnI was 0.290 (0.061-1.09) ng/mL, which was 7.25-fold higher than the 99th percentile. CONCLUSIONS: In contrast to CK-MB, an abnormal release of TnI often occurs after an elective PCI procedure, despite the absence of a new LGE on CMR.


Assuntos
Meios de Contraste/administração & dosagem , Creatina Quinase Forma MB/sangue , Compostos Heterocíclicos/administração & dosagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Compostos Organometálicos/administração & dosagem , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Troponina I/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Angiografia Coronária , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Fibrose , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Necrose , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento , Regulação para Cima
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 96(6): e6053, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28178154

RESUMO

The release of myocardial necrosis biomarkers after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) frequently occurs. However, the correlation between biomarker release and the diagnosis of procedure-related myocardial infarction (MI) (type 5) has been controversial. This study aimed to evaluate the amount and pattern of cardiac biomarker release after elective OPCAB in patients without evidence of a new MI on cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging with late gadolinium enhancement (LGE).Patients with normal baseline cardiac biomarkers referred for elective OPCAB were prospectively included. CMR with LGE was performed in all patients before and after interventions. Measurements of troponin I (cTnI) and creatine kinase MB fraction (CK-MB) were systematically performed before and after the procedure. Patients with new LGE on the postprocedure CMR were excluded.All of the 53 patients without CMR evidence of a procedure-related MI after OPCAB exhibited a cTnI elevation peak above the 99th percentile. In 48 (91%), the peak value was >10 times this threshold. However, 41 (77%) had a CK-MB peak above the limit of the 99th percentile, and this peak was >10 times the 99th percentile in only 7 patients (13%). The median peak release of cTnI was 0.290 (0.8-3.7) ng/mL, which is 50-fold higher than the 99th percentile.In contrast with CK-MB, considerable cTnI release often occurs after an elective OPCAB procedure, despite the absence of new LGE on CMR.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/efeitos adversos , Creatina Quinase Forma MB/sangue , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Miocárdio/patologia , Troponina I/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Necrose , Estudos Prospectivos
16.
J Diabetes Res ; 2016: 8963403, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27656659

RESUMO

Ischemic preconditioning (IP) is a powerful mechanism of protection discovered in the heart in which ischemia paradoxically protects the myocardium against other ischemic insults. Many factors such as diseases and medications may influence IP expression. Although diabetes poses higher cardiovascular risk, the physiopathology underlying this condition is uncertain. Moreover, although diabetes is believed to alter intracellular pathways related to myocardial protective mechanisms, it is still controversial whether diabetes may interfere with ischemic preconditioning and whether this might influence clinical outcomes. This review article looks at published reports with animal models and humans that tried to evaluate the possible influence of diabetes in myocardial ischemic preconditioning.

17.
J Thorac Dis ; 8(7): 1434-6, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27500632
18.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 101(6): 2202-8, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26912303

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The lack of a correlation between myocardial necrosis biomarkers and electrocardiographic abnormalities after revascularization procedures has resulted in a change in the myocardial infarction (MI) definition. METHODS: Patients with stable multivessel disease who underwent percutaneous or surgical revascularization were included. Electrocardiograms and concentrations of high-sensitive cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and creatine kinase (CK)-MB were assessed before and after procedures. Cardiac magnetic resonance and late gadolinium enhancement were performed before and after procedures. MI was defined as more than five times the 99th percentile upper reference limit for cTnI and 10 times for CK-MB in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), respectively, and new late gadolinium enhancement for cardiac magnetic resonance. RESULTS: Of the 202 patients studied, 69 (34.1%) underwent on-pump CABG, 67 (33.2%) off-pump CABG, and 66 (32.7%) PCI. The receiver operating characteristic curve showed the accuracy of cTnI for on-pump CABG, off-pump CABG, and PCI patients was 21.7%, 28.3%, and 52.4% and for CK-MB was 72.5%, 81.2%, and 90.5%, respectively. The specificity of cTnI was 3.6%, 9.4%, and 42.1% and of CK-MB was 73.2%, 86.8%, and 96.4%, respectively. Sensitivity of cTnI was 100%, 100%, and 100% and of CK-MB was 69.2%, 64.3%, and 44.4%, respectively. The best cutoff of cTnI for on-pump CABG, off-pump CABG, and PCI was 6.5 ng/mL, 4.5 ng/mL, and 4.5 ng/mL (162.5, 112.5, and 112.5 times the 99th percentile upper reference limit) and of CK-MB was 37.5 ng/mL, 22.5 ng/mL, and 11.5 ng/mL (8.5, 5.1, and 2.6 times the 99th percentile upper reference limit), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with cardiac magnetic resonance, CK-MB was more accurate than cTnI for diagnosing MI. These data suggest a higher troponin cutoff for the diagnosis of procedure-related MI.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Creatina Quinase Forma MB/sangue , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Troponina I/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Coortes , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Análise de Sobrevida
19.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 101(5): 1735-44, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26794894

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) among patients with diabetes and chronic kidney disease (CKD) is not well studied, and the best treatment for this condition is not established. Our aim was to compare three therapeutic strategies for CAD in diabetic patients stratified by renal function. METHODS: Patients with multivessel CAD that underwent coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), angioplasty (percutaneous coronary intervention [PCI]), or medical therapy alone (MT) were included. Data were analyzed according to glomerular filtration rate in three strata: normal (>90 mL/min), mild CKD (60 to 89 mL/min), and moderate CKD (30 to 59 mL/min). End points comprised overall rate of mortality, acute myocardial infarction, and need for additional revascularization. RESULTS: Among patients with normal renal function (n = 270), 122 underwent CABG, 72 PCI, and 76 MT; among patients with mild CKD (n = 367), 167 underwent CABG, 92 PCI, and 108 MT; and among patients with moderate CKD (n = 126), 46 underwent CABG, 40 PCI, and 40 MT. Event-free survival was 80.4%, 75.7%, 67.5% for strata 1, 2, and 3, respectively (p = 0.037). Survival rates among patients with no, mild, and moderate CKD are 91.1%, 89.6%, and 76.2%, respectively (p = 0.001) (hazard ratio 0.69; 95% confidence interval 0.51 to 0.95; p = 0.024 for stratum 1 versus 3). We found no differences for overall number of deaths or acute myocardial infarctions irrespective of strata. The need of new revascularization was different in all strata, favoring CABG (p < 0.001, p < 0.001, and p = 0.029 for no, mild, and moderate CKD, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Mortality rates were higher in patients with mild and moderate CKD. Higher event-free survival was observed in the CABG group among patients with no and mild CKD. Besides, CABG was associated with less need for new revascularization compared with PCI and MT in all renal function strata. This trial was registered at http://www.controlled-trials.com as ISRCTN66068876.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/mortalidade , Idoso , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 15: 72, 2015 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26195004

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac-specific troponin detected with the new high-sensitivity assays can be chronically elevated in response to cardiovascular comorbidities and confer important prognostic information, in the absence of unstable coronary syndromes. Both diabetes mellitus and coronary artery disease are known predictors of troponin elevation. It is not known whether diabetic patients with coronary artery disease have different levels of troponin compared with diabetic patients with normal coronary arteries. To investigate this question, we determined the concentrations of a level 1 troponin assay in two groups of diabetic patients: those with multivessel coronary artery disease and those with angiographically normal coronary arteries. METHODS: We studied 95 diabetic patients and compared troponin in serum samples from 50 patients with coronary artery disease (mean age = 63.7, 58 % male) with 45 controls with angiographically normal coronary arteries. Brain natriuretic peptide and the oxidative stress biomarkers myeloperoxidase, nitrotyrosine and oxidized LDL were also determined. RESULTS: Diabetic patients with coronary artery disease had higher levels of troponin than did controls (median values, 12.0 pg/mL (95 % CI:10-16) vs 7.0 pg/mL (95 % CI: 5.9-8.5), respectively; p = 0.0001). The area under the ROC curve for the diagnosis of CAD was 0.712 with a sensitivity of 70 % and a specificity of 66 %. Plasma BNP levels and oxidative stress variables (myeloperoxidase, nitrotyrosine, and oxidized LDL) were not different between the two groups. In a multivariate analysis, gender (p = 0.04), serum glucose (0.03) and Troponin I (p = 0.01) had independent statistical significance. CONCLUSION: Troponin elevation is related to the presence of chronic coronary artery disease in diabetic patients with multiple associated cardiovascular risk factors. Troponin may serve as a biomarker in this high-risk population. TRIAL REGISTRATION: http://www.controlled-trials.com REGISTRATION NUMBER: ISRCTN26970041.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Troponina C/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Oxirredução , Peroxidase/sangue , Fatores de Risco , Tirosina/análogos & derivados , Tirosina/sangue
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