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1.
Curr Atheroscler Rep ; 21(12): 51, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31748957

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Thoracic aortic calcium (TAC) has received some interest in recent studies as an important subclinical marker of atherosclerosis. Besides that, using computed tomography (CT) scans performed with cardiac or chest protocols, ECG-gated, or non-gated, TAC can be easily evaluated with no addition in radiation dose. This review discusses the particularities of the aortic wall calcium formation, as well as the differences between the aortic segments and summarizes the current status of TAC evaluation, mainly concerning the anatomical references used in the studies. RECENT FINDINGS: The studies have evaluated TAC considering different anatomical references. It was identified two different study groups. In the first one, researchers have analyzed the aorta as the sum of calcium in the ascending aorta (ATAC), aortic arch (AAC), and descending thoracic aorta (DTAC). The second group has used cardiac CT scans to assess TAC; therefore, they did not include AAC; however, the aortic root calcium (ARC) was added in the analysis. So, caution is advisable when interpreting and comparing studies that used different TAC anatomical references. The broad methodological variability, in addition to the variations in the population characteristics of the studies on TAC, may be in part contributing to the differences between results of different studies. Currently TAC does not have a role in clinical decisions, so it is necessary to create a standard protocol for the aortic calcium research as well as exists for the coronary artery calcium evaluation.

2.
Circulation ; 140(22): 1834-1850, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31765261

RESUMO

Cardiac thromboembolism attributed to atrial fibrillation (AF) is responsible for up to one-third of ischemic strokes. Stroke may be the first manifestation of previously undetected AF. Given the efficacy of oral anticoagulants in preventing AF-related ischemic strokes, strategies of searching for AF after a stroke using ECG monitoring followed by oral anticoagulation (OAC) treatment have been proposed to prevent recurrent cardioembolic strokes. This white paper by experts from the AF-SCREEN International Collaboration summarizes existing evidence and knowledge gaps on searching for AF after a stroke by using ECG monitoring. New AF can be detected by routine plus intensive ECG monitoring in approximately one-quarter of patients with ischemic stroke. It may be causal, a bystander, or neurogenically induced by the stroke. AF after a stroke is a risk factor for thromboembolism and a strong marker for atrial myopathy. After acute ischemic stroke, patients should undergo 72 hours of electrocardiographic monitoring to detect AF. The diagnosis requires an ECG of sufficient quality for confirmation by a health professional with ECG rhythm expertise. AF detection rate is a function of monitoring duration and quality of analysis, AF episode definition, interval from stroke to monitoring commencement, and patient characteristics including old age, certain ECG alterations, and stroke type. Markers of atrial myopathy (eg, imaging, atrial ectopy, natriuretic peptides) may increase AF yield from monitoring and could be used to guide patient selection for more intensive/prolonged poststroke ECG monitoring. Atrial myopathy without detected AF is not currently sufficient to initiate OAC. The concept of embolic stroke of unknown source is not proven to identify patients who have had a stroke benefitting from empiric OAC treatment. However, some embolic stroke of unknown source subgroups (eg, advanced age, atrial enlargement) might benefit more from non-vitamin K-dependent OAC therapy than aspirin. Fulfilling embolic stroke of unknown source criteria is an indication neither for empiric non-vitamin K-dependent OAC treatment nor for withholding prolonged ECG monitoring for AF. Clinically diagnosed AF after a stroke or a transient ischemic attack is associated with significantly increased risk of recurrent stroke or systemic embolism, in particular, with additional stroke risk factors, and requires OAC rather than antiplatelet therapy. The minimum subclinical AF duration required on ECG monitoring poststroke/transient ischemic attack to recommend OAC therapy is debated.

4.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(6): 758-766, Jun. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1011207

RESUMO

Abstract Background: The association of subclinical thyroid dysfunction (STD) with cardiac arrhythmias remains controversial, particularly in the non-elderly population. Objective: To investigate whether STD was associated with cardiac arrhythmias in a cohort of middle-aged and older adults. Methods: Baseline data of the Longitudinal Study of Adult Health, ELSA-Brasil (35-74 years) were collected from 2008 to 2010. After exclusion of clinical hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, participants were categorized as euthyroidism (TSH = 0.4-4.0 µU/mL), subclinical hypothyroidism (TSH > 4.0 µU/mL; FT4 = 0.8-1.9 ng/dL), and subclinical hyperthyroidism (TSH < 0.4 µU/mL; FT4 = 0.8-1.9 ng/dL). The prevalence rates of tachycardia (HR > 100) and bradycardia (HR < 60), atrial fibrillation/flutter, conduction disorders, extrasystoles, low QRS voltage, prolonged QT intervals, and persistent supraventricular rhythms were compared between groups after adjusting for age, sex, comorbidities, lifestyle, body mass index and medications. Results: The HR data of 13,341 participants (52% female; median age, 51 years) and the electrocardiogram readings of 11,795 were analyzed; 698 participants (5.23%) were classified as subclinical hypothyroidism, 193 (1.45%) as subclinical hyperthyroidism, and 12,450 (93.32%) as euthyroidism. The prevalence of rhythm and conduction disorders was similar, as were HR medians, even in the subgroups with TSH < 0.01 UI/mL or > 10.0 UI/mL or in older adults. Conduction disorders were less prevalent in older adults with subclinical hypothyroidism (adjusted OR = 0.44; 95% CI 0.24 to 0.80). Conclusion: In this large, multicenter and cross-sectional study, STD was not associated with cardiac arrhythmias, but a longitudinal assessment is necessary.


Resumo Fundamento: A associação de disfunção tireoidiana subclínica (DST) com arritmias cardíacas permanece controversa, particularmente na população não idosa. Objetivo: Investigar se a DST está associada a arritmias cardíacas em uma coorte de adultos de meia-idade e idosos. Métodos: Dados da linha de base do Estudo Longitudinal de Saúde do Adulto, ELSA-Brasil (35-74 anos) foram coletados de 2008 a 2010. Após exclusão de hipo e hipertireoidismo clínicos, os participantes foram categorizados como eutireoidismo (TSH = 0,4 a 4,0 µU/mL), hipotireoidismo subclínico (TSH > 4,0 µU/mL; T4L = 0,8-1,9 ng/dL) e hipertireoidismo subclínico (TSH <0,4 µU/mL; T4L = 0,8 a 1,9 ng/dL). As prevalências de taquicardia (Frequência cardíaca [FC] > 100) e bradicardia (FC < 60), fibrilação atrial/flutter, distúrbios de condução, extrassístoles, baixa voltagem do QRS, intervalos QT prolongados e ritmo supraventricular persistente foram comparadas entre os grupos após ajuste por idade, sexo, comorbidades, estilo de vida, índice de massa corporal e uso de medicamentos. Resultados: Foram analisados os dados da FC de 13.341 participantes (52% do sexo feminino; idade média de 51 anos) e das leituras de 11.795 ECG; 698 participantes (5,23%) foram classificados como hipotireoidismo subclínico, 193 (1,45%) como hipertireoidismo subclínico e 12.450 (93,32%) como eutireoidismo. A prevalência de distúrbios de ritmo e condução foi semelhante, assim como as médias de FC, mesmo nos subgrupos com TSH < 0,01 UI/mL ou > 10,0 UI/mL ou em idosos. Distúrbios de condução foram menos prevalentes em idosos com hipotireoidismo subclínico (OR ajustado = 0,44; IC95% 0,24-0,80). Conclusão: Neste grande estudo multicêntrico e transversal, a DST não foi associada a arritmias cardíacas, mas uma avaliação longitudinal é necessária.

5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(18): e15417, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31045798

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The present clinical study aims to describe protocol to evaluate the effects of vitamin D3 supplementation on the cardiovascular risk factors in a population of rotating shift workers. DESIGN: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group clinical trial testing 2 oral dosages of cholecalciferol (14,000 IU and 28,000 IU per week) for 12 months. SETTING: The primary outcome for evaluation is an 18% reduction in hypertriglyceridemia (≥150 mg/dL) between pre and postintervention measurements. Baseline characteristics of the study population will be summarized separately within each randomized group, and will use tests for continuous and categorical variables. For all tests, a P < .05 will be considered significant. The analysis of primary and secondary outcomes will use an intention-to-treat population and a per-protocol population. The primary and secondary outcomes will be compared separately between each treatment group and placebo, using binary logistic regression or regressão de Poisson for proportions (for binary outcomes) and using linear regression for differences in means (for continuous endpoints), with 95% confidence intervals. PARTICIPANTS: Rotating shift workers, adults aged between 18 and 60 years, with hypovitaminosis D and alterations in at least 1 of the following parameters: fasting glucose, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, blood pressure, and waist circumference. CONCLUSION: This clinical trial aims to contribute to the gap in knowledge about the potential, dose, and time of vitamin D supplementation to generate beneficial effects on triglycerides in a population at increased risk for hypertriglyceridemia and vitamin D deficiency.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Colecalciferol/uso terapêutico , Suplementos Nutricionais , Deficiência de Vitamina D/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Glicemia , Pressão Sanguínea , Colecalciferol/administração & dosagem , Colecalciferol/efeitos adversos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Lipídeos/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reserpina/análogos & derivados , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Jornada de Trabalho em Turnos , Circunferência da Cintura , Adulto Jovem
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(22): e15681, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31145281

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies that used short message service (SMS) programs as an intervention to promote health care have shown beneficial results in the control of risk factors for ischemic heart disease in patients of high-income countries, but evidence is lacking in low or middle-income countries. AIMS: The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the use of SMS increases risk factor control within 6 months after discharge by acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in a middle-income country. METHODS: It will be a 2-arm, parallel, double-blind, randomized clinical trial of 160 patients discharged after an ACS from a single center with 6 months of follow-up. The intervention group will receive 4 SMS per week offering advice, motivation and information about medication adherence, increase of regular physical activity, adoption of healthy dietary measures, and smoking cessation (if appropriate). The primary outcome is achieving 4 or 5 points in a risk factor control score, which combines the cluster effect of 5 main modifiable risk factors for ACS [low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C <70 mg/dL, blood pressure <140/90 mm Hg, regular exercise (≥5 days/week × 30 minutes of moderate exercise per session), nonsmoker status, and body mass index, BMI <25 kg/m]. Secondary outcomes are plasma LDL-C level, level of physical activity, blood pressure, medication adherence, proportion of nonsmokers, BMI, rehospitalization, cardiovascular death, and death from any cause. This study, as a randomized clinical trial protocol, followed the recommendations of the Standard Protocol Items (SPIRIT). EXPECTED OUTCOMES: This study aims to provide evidence of whether SMS interventions are effective in improving cardiovascular disease risk factors control in post-ACS patients in a middle-income country. CLINICALTRIALS. GOV IDENTIFIER: NCT03414190 (First posted on January 29, 2018; last update on May 14, 2018) - Retrospectively registered.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde)/métodos , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Telemedicina/métodos , Mensagem de Texto , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Pressão Sanguínea , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Método Duplo-Cego , Exercício , Terapia por Exercício , Feminino , Humanos , Renda , Masculino , Adesão à Medicação , Motivação , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Fatores de Risco
7.
Telemed J E Health ; 2019 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30994411

RESUMO

Introduction: Early diagnosis and prompt therapy of diabetic retinopathy (DR) are essential to prevent visual loss, but access of the diabetic population to regular fundus examination by an ophthalmologist remains a challenge. Methods: This prospective comparative study, including two referral health centers in the state of Minas Gerais, Southeastern Brazil, assesses applicability and economic viability of fundus photography-based teleophthalmology screening for DR. Results: A total of 2,662 eyes of 1,331 patients were examined at both health centers. Mean age was 57 years, with 836 (62.8%) females. Quality of fundus photographs was acceptable for 2,398 eyes (90.1%). The presence of DR was disclosed in 394 patients (29.6%), with 28 patients (2.1%) presenting evidence of advanced disease (severe nonproliferative or proliferative DR). Economic assessment revealed cost reduction of 28.76 US$ per patient, with a calculated break-even point of 112 exams/month or 1,344 exams/year. Conclusions: For the situation studied under the perspective of public health service, teleophthalmology was viable and cost effective when compared with ordinary ophthalmology examination. In addition, teleophthalmology allowed rapid resolution of repressed demand for fundus examination of diabetic patients locally at the two sites, with early DR diagnoses and referrals. Fundus photography-based teleophthalmology was a viable, effective, and significantly cheaper strategy for the screening of DR.

8.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 112(6): 758-766, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30843933

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The association of subclinical thyroid dysfunction (STD) with cardiac arrhythmias remains controversial, particularly in the non-elderly population. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether STD was associated with cardiac arrhythmias in a cohort of middle-aged and older adults. METHODS: Baseline data of the Longitudinal Study of Adult Health, ELSA-Brasil (35-74 years) were collected from 2008 to 2010. After exclusion of clinical hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, participants were categorized as euthyroidism (TSH = 0.4-4.0 µU/mL), subclinical hypothyroidism (TSH > 4.0 µU/mL; FT4 = 0.8-1.9 ng/dL), and subclinical hyperthyroidism (TSH < 0.4 µU/mL; FT4 = 0.8-1.9 ng/dL). The prevalence rates of tachycardia (HR > 100) and bradycardia (HR < 60), atrial fibrillation/flutter, conduction disorders, extrasystoles, low QRS voltage, prolonged QT intervals, and persistent supraventricular rhythms were compared between groups after adjusting for age, sex, comorbidities, lifestyle, body mass index and medications. RESULTS: The HR data of 13,341 participants (52% female; median age, 51 years) and the electrocardiogram readings of 11,795 were analyzed; 698 participants (5.23%) were classified as subclinical hypothyroidism, 193 (1.45%) as subclinical hyperthyroidism, and 12,450 (93.32%) as euthyroidism. The prevalence of rhythm and conduction disorders was similar, as were HR medians, even in the subgroups with TSH < 0.01 UI/mL or > 10.0 UI/mL or in older adults. Conduction disorders were less prevalent in older adults with subclinical hypothyroidism (adjusted OR = 0.44; 95% CI 0.24 to 0.80). CONCLUSION: In this large, multicenter and cross-sectional study, STD was not associated with cardiac arrhythmias, but a longitudinal assessment is necessary.

9.
JMIR Mhealth Uhealth ; 7(3): e9869, 2019 03 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30907740

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite being an important cardiovascular risk factor, hypertension has low control levels worldwide. Computerized clinical decision support systems (CDSSs) might be effective in reducing blood pressure with a potential impact in reducing cardiovascular risk. OBJECTIVE: The goal of the research was to evaluate the feasibility, usability, and utility of a CDSS, TeleHAS (tele-hipertensão arterial sistêmica, or arterial hypertension system), in the care of patients with hypertension in the context of a primary care setting in a middle-income country. METHODS: The TeleHAS app consists of a platform integrating clinical and laboratory data on a particular patient, from which it performs cardiovascular risk calculation and provides evidence-based recommendations derived from Brazilian and international guidelines for the management of hypertension and cardiovascular risk. Ten family physicians from different primary care units in the city of Montes Claros, Brazil, were randomly selected to use the CDSS for the care of hypertensive patients for 6 months. After 3 and 6 months, the feasibility, usability, and utility of the CDSS in the routine care of the health team was evaluated through a standardized questionnaire and semistructured interviews. RESULTS: Throughout the study, clinicians registered 535 patients with hypertension, at an average of 1.24 consultations per patient. Women accounted for 80% (8/10) of participant doctors, median age was 31.5 years (interquartile range 27 to 59 years). As for feasibility, 100% of medical users claimed it was possible to use the app in the primary care setting, and for 80% (8/10) of them it was easy to incorporate its use into the daily routine and home visits. Nevertheless, 70% (7/10) of physicians claimed that the time taken to fill out the CDSS causes significant delays in service. Clinicians evaluated TeleHAS as good (8/10, 80% of users), with easy completion and friendly interface (10/10, 100%) and the potential to improve patients' treatment (10/10, 100%). A total of 90% (9/10) of physicians had access to new knowledge about cardiovascular risk and hypertension through the app recommendations and found it useful to promote prevention and optimize treatment. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, a CDSS developed to assist the management of patients with hypertension was feasible in the context of a primary health care setting in a middle-income country, with good user satisfaction and the potential to improve adherence to evidence-based practices.

10.
Int J Parasitol ; 49(3-4): 301-310, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30738925

RESUMO

Chagas disease continues to be an important cause of morbidity, mortality and disability in several Latin American countries, including Brazil. Using findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 (GBD, 2016), we present years of life lost, years lived with disability, and disability-adjusted life years due to Chagas disease in Brazil, by sex, age group, and Brazilian states, from 1990 to 2016. Results are reported in absolute numbers and age-standardized rates (per 100,000 population) with 95% uncertainty intervals. In 2016, 141,640 disability-adjusted life years (95% uncertainty intervals: 129,065-155,941) due to Chagas disease were estimated in Brazil, with a relative reduction of 36.7% compared with 1990 (223,879 disability-adjusted life years (95% uncertainty intervals: 209,372-238,591)). Age-standardized disability-adjusted life year rates declined at the national level (-69.7%) and in all Brazilian states between 1990 and 2016, but with different regional patterns. The decrease in the disability-adjusted life year rates was driven primarily by a consistent reduction in the years of life lost rates, the main component of total disability-adjusted life years for Chagas disease. The highest fatal and non-fatal burden due to Chagas disease was observed among males, the elderly, and in those Brazilian states encompassing important endemic areas for vector transmission in the past. Despite the consistent reduction in its burden during the period, Chagas disease is still an important and neglected cause of health lost due to premature mortality and disability in Brazil. Efforts should be made to maintain the political interest and sustainability of surveillance and control actions for Chagas disease, prevent the risk of re-emergence of vector transmission in endemic areas, and provide health care to chronically infected individuals, including early diagnosis and treatment interventions.

13.
J Electrocardiol ; 51(6): 1039-1043, 2018 Nov - Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30497727

RESUMO

Chagas cardiomyopathy is the most harmful complication of Chagas disease. The electrocardiogram is a well-studied exam and has been considered an important tool for detection and evaluation of Chagas cardiomyopathy since the first years of its description. Many of its abnormalities have been described as associated with a worse prognosis. Serum BNP levels were described as inversely related to the left ventricular ejection fraction and as an independent predictor of death. It was not reported how electrocardiographic alterations correlate to NT-proBNP and its analog. The present study aims to describe the baseline electrocardiograms of a large cohort of patients with Chagas disease from endemic area and to establish an association between the number of electrocardiogram alterations and high levels of NT-ProBNP in Chagas disease patients. This study selected 1959 Chagas disease patients in 21 municipalities within a limited region in the northern part of the State of Minas Gerais (Brazil), 1084 of them had Chagas cardiomyopathy. NT-proBNP levels were suggestive of heart failure in 11.7% of this population. One or more electrocardiographic alterations have an Odds Ratio of 9.12 (CI 95% 5.62-14.80) to have NT-proBNP elevation. Considering the association between the number of 1, 2, and 3 or more alterations in electrocardiogram and NT-proBNP elevation, the ORs were 7.11 (CI 95% 4.33-11.67); 16.04 (CI 95% 9.27-27.77) and 47.82 (CI 95% 17.98-127.20), respectively. The presence and the number of typical electrocardiographic alterations of Chagas disease are independently associated with the severity of the cardiomyopathy.

14.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 111(3): 436-539, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30379264
15.
Rev Soc Bras Med Trop ; 51(5): 570-577, 2018 Sep-Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30304260

RESUMO

Since the initial descriptions of Chagas cardiomyopathy (ChCM), the electrocardiography has played a key role in patient evaluations. The diagnostic criterion of chronic ChCM is the presence of characteristic electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities in seropositive individuals, regardless of the presence of symptoms. However, these ECG abnormalities are rarely specific to ChCM and, particularly among the elderly, can be caused by other simultaneous cardiomyopathies. ECG abnormalities can predict the occurrence of heart failure, stroke, and even death. Nevertheless, most prognostic studies have included Chagas disease (ChD) populations and, not exclusively, ChCM. Thus, more studies are required to evaluate the efficacy of ECG in predicting reliable prognoses in established chronic ChCM. This review exclusively discusses the role of the 12-lead ECG in the clinical evaluation of chronic ChD.


Assuntos
Doença de Chagas/fisiopatologia , Eletrocardiografia , Doença de Chagas/diagnóstico , Doença Crônica , Humanos , Prognóstico
16.
Circulation ; 138(12): e169-e209, 2018 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30354432

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chagas disease, resulting from the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, is an important cause of heart failure, stroke, arrhythmia, and sudden death. Traditionally regarded as a tropical disease found only in Central America and South America, Chagas disease now affects at least 300 000 residents of the United States and is growing in prevalence in other traditionally nonendemic areas. Healthcare providers and health systems outside of Latin America need to be equipped to recognize, diagnose, and treat Chagas disease and to prevent further disease transmission. METHODS AND RESULTS: The American Heart Association and the Inter-American Society of Cardiology commissioned this statement to increase global awareness among providers who may encounter patients with Chagas disease outside of traditionally endemic environments. In this document, we summarize the most updated information on diagnosis, screening, and treatment of T cruzi infection, focusing primarily on its cardiovascular aspects. This document also provides quick reference tables, highlighting salient considerations for a patient with suspected or confirmed Chagas disease. CONCLUSIONS: This statement provides a broad summary of current knowledge and practice in the diagnosis and management of Chagas cardiomyopathy. It is our intent that this document will serve to increase the recognition of Chagas cardiomyopathy in low-prevalence areas and to improve care for patients with Chagas heart disease around the world.

17.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(5): 570-577, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-957464

RESUMO

Abstract Since the initial descriptions of Chagas cardiomyopathy (ChCM), the electrocardiography has played a key role in patient evaluations. The diagnostic criterion of chronic ChCM is the presence of characteristic electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities in seropositive individuals, regardless of the presence of symptoms. However, these ECG abnormalities are rarely specific to ChCM and, particularly among the elderly, can be caused by other simultaneous cardiomyopathies. ECG abnormalities can predict the occurrence of heart failure, stroke, and even death. Nevertheless, most prognostic studies have included Chagas disease (ChD) populations and, not exclusively, ChCM. Thus, more studies are required to evaluate the efficacy of ECG in predicting reliable prognoses in established chronic ChCM. This review exclusively discusses the role of the 12-lead ECG in the clinical evaluation of chronic ChD.

18.
Rev Soc Bras Med Trop ; 51(4): 413-414, 2018 Jul-Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30133621
19.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(4): 413-414, July-Aug. 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-957439
20.
Rev. APS ; 21(3): 345-354, 01/07/2018.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-981796

RESUMO

Objetivo: conhecer o manejo de pacientes com Doença de Chagas (DC) por médicos da Atenção Primária à Saúde (APS) de regiões endêmicas. Método: estudo transversal realizado com 104 médicos da APS de 39 municípios das regiões norte de Minas Gerais e Vale do Jequitinhonha. Foram abordados perfil sociodemográfico, formação acadêmica e prática clínica, por meio de questionário autoaplicado. Resultados: os médicos apresentaram idade média de 33(±9,88) anos, 4(±7,26) anos de atuação na APS, 49% relataram que a graduação não ofereceu formação suficiente em DC. Embora quase 90% tivessem experiência com atendimento de pacientes com DC crônica e 57% com DC aguda, apenas 9% relataram sentir-se totalmente seguros para esses atendimentos e 33% relataram não conhecer o Benzonidazol, único antitripanossômico disponível. Contribuindo para esse quadro, após a graduação, somente 13,3% receberam alguma informação ou treinamento relativo à DC e quase metade recebeu esse treinamento há mais de 4 anos. Há insegurança, desconhecimento e carência de capacitações sobre DC entre profissionais médicos da APS de localidades endêmicas.


Objective: to understand the management of patients with Chagas Disease (CD) by Primary Health Care (PHC) doctors in endemic regions. Methods: cross-sectional study with 104 PHC doctors in 39 municipalities in the northern regions of Minas Gerais and Jequitinhonha Valley. Socio-demographic profile, academic training, and clinical practice were covered through a self-administered questionnaire. Results: the physicians had a mean age of 33 (± 9.88) years, 4 (± 7.26) years experience in the PHC system, and 49% reported that their undergraduate studies did not offer enough training on CD. Although almost 90% had experience with the care of patients with chronic CD and 57% with acute CD, only 9% reported feeling completely secure about these services and 33% reported not knowing about benznidazole, the only antitrypanosomal available. Contributing to this situation, after graduation, only 13.3% received any information or training on CD and almost half received this training more than four years ago. There is insecurity, ignorance, and lack of training on CD among PHC medical professionals in endemic locations.

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