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1.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-4, 01/jan./2022. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370925

RESUMO

Introduction: orofacial clefts are common congenital malformations with an important social, psychological, and economic impact. The treatment of this condition may include different surgical procedures that previously require an adequate oral condition. Case report: we report a case of dental treatment before palatoplasty in a male patient of 17 years-old with bilateral cleft lip and palate and lesion in the jugal mucosa. Final considerations: the adequacy of the oral environment is a fundamental step in the treatment of patients with orofacial clefts and aims to restore oral health regardless of the degree of complexity of the dental treatment through the reduction of the pathogenic microbiota, elimination of retentive niches, instructions on diet and adequate oral hygiene and constant patient motivation.


Objetivos: as fissuras orofaciais são malformações congênitas comuns, com importante impacto social, psicológico e econômico. O tratamento dessa condição pode incluir vários procedimentos cirúrgicos que requerem previamente uma adequada condição bucal. Relato de caso: Relatamos o caso de tratamento odontológico prévio a palatoplastia em um paciente do gênero masculino de 17 anos de idade, com fissura transforame incisivo bilateral e lesão em mucosa jugal. Considerações finais: A adequação do meio bucal é uma etapa fundamental no tratamento de pacientes com fissuras orofaciais e visa restabelecer a saúde bucal independente do grau de complexidade do tratamento odontológico por meio da redução da microbiota patogênica, eliminação de nichos retentivos, orientações sobre dieta e higiene bucal adequada e motivação constante do paciente.


Assuntos
Fissura Palatina , Higiene Bucal , Palato , Fenda Labial , Cissus , Cárie Dentária , Fissura , Reabilitação Bucal
2.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-4, 01/jan./2022. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368288

RESUMO

Introdução: Osteogênese Imperfeita (OI) é uma doença genética rara com fragilidade óssea. A classificação inclui muitos tipos. Além do risco de recorrência, o manejo pode variar com o tipo de OI. Relato do caso: Apresentamos um paciente do sexo masculino nascido com 39 semanas, de pais não consanguíneos e saudáveis. A hidrocefalia foi diagnosticada no pré-natal. Com 50 dias de vida, detectamos muitas fraturas e calos ósseos. O teste molecular identificou uma deleção em homozigose do éxon 4 do gene WNT1. Considerações finais: Concluímos que o caso apresentado tinha características clínicas de OI XV, e o teste molecular foi fundamental para o diagnóstico preciso e aconselhamento genético.


Introduction: Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI) is a rare genetic disease with bone fragility. The classification includes many types. In addition, the risk of a recurrence, the management can vary with the kind of OI. Case report: We report a male patient born at 39 weeks from non-consanguineous healthy parents. The patient was diagnosed with Hydrocephalus at prenatal. At 50 days of life, we detected many fractures and bone calluses. The molecular test identified a homozygous deletion of exon 4 of the WNT1 gene. Final considerations: We conclude this case had clinical features of OI XV, and the molecular test was fundamental for the precise diagnosis and the genetic counseling.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pré-Escolar , Osteogênese Imperfeita/diagnóstico , Osteogênese , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Fraturas Ósseas , Aconselhamento Genético , Genética , Doenças Genéticas Inatas , Hidrocefalia
3.
Am J Med Genet A ; 188(3): 760-767, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34806811

RESUMO

Mucopolysaccharidosis type IIIB is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by deficiency of the enzyme N-acetyl-alpha-d-glucosaminidase (NAGLU), caused by biallelic pathogenic variants in the NAGLU gene, which leads to storage of heparan sulfate and a series of clinical consequences which hallmark is neurodegeneration. In this study clinical, epidemiological, and biochemical data were obtained from MPS IIIB patients diagnosed from 2004-2019 by the MPS Brazil Network ("Rede MPS Brasil"), which was created with the goal to provide an easily accessible and comprehensive investigation of all MPS types. One hundred and ten MPS IIIB patients were diagnosed during this period. Mean age at diagnosis was 10.9 years. Patients were from all over Brazil, with a few from abroad, with a possible cluster of MPS IIIB identified in Ecuador. All patients had increased urinary levels of glycosaminoglycans and low NAGLU activity in blood. Main clinical symptoms reported at diagnosis were coarse facies and neurocognitive regression. The most common variant was p.Leu496Pro (30% of alleles). MPS IIIB seems to be relatively frequent in Brazil, but patients are diagnosed later than in other countries, and reasons for that probably include the limited awareness about the disease by health professionals and the difficulties to access diagnostic tests, factors that the MPS Brazil Network is trying to mitigate.


Assuntos
Mucopolissacaridose III , Alelos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Heparitina Sulfato , Humanos , Mucopolissacaridose III/diagnóstico , Mucopolissacaridose III/epidemiologia , Mucopolissacaridose III/genética
4.
Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet ; 187(3): 349-356, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33960103

RESUMO

Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II) is an X-linked inherited disease caused by pathogenic variants in the IDS gene, leading to deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme iduronate-2-sulfatase and consequent widespread storage of glycosaminoglycans, leading to several clinical consequences, with progressive manifestations which most times includes cognitive decline. MPS II has wide allelic and clinical heterogeneity and a complex genotype-phenotype correlation. We evaluated data from 501 Brazilian patients diagnosed with MPS II from 1982 to 2020. We genotyped 280 of these patients (55.9%), which were assigned to 206 different families. Point mutations were present in 70% of our patients, being missense variants the most frequent. We correlated the IDS pathogenic variants identified with the phenotype (neuronophatic or non-neuronopathic). Except for two half-brothers, there was no discordance in the genotype-phenotype correlation among family members, nor among MPS II patients from different families with the same single base-pair substitution variant. Mothers were carriers in 82.0% of the cases. This comprehensive study of the molecular profile of the MPS II cases in Brazil sheds light on the genotype-phenotype correlation and helps the better understanding of the disease and the prediction of its clinical course, enabling the provision of a more refined genetic counseling to the affected families.


Assuntos
Mucopolissacaridose II , Brasil , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Mucopolissacaridose II/genética , Mutação , Fenótipo
5.
Congenit Anom (Kyoto) ; 61(5): 148-158, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33900643

RESUMO

This study aims to discuss diagnostic criteria and severity assessment for craniofacial microsomia (CFM). A series of 61 patients with diverse CFM phenotypes had their clinical data collected by experienced dysmorphologists using a single protocol. Genetic abnormalities were searched through karyotype and chromosomal microarray analysis. Sex ratio, prenatal risk factors, and recurrence rate corroborated the literature. Despite the wide variability of clinical findings, ear disruption was universal. Eight patients were assigned as syndromic, four of whom had demonstrable genetic alterations. The majority of patients (67.2%) fulfilled four known diagnostic criteria, while 9.8% fulfilled one of them. Data strengthened disruptions of the ear and deafness as a semiotically valuable sign in CFM. Facial impairment should consider asymmetry as a mild expression of microsomia. Spinal and cardiac anomalies, microcephaly, and developmental delay were prevalent among extra craniofacial features and should be screened before planning treatment and follow up. The severity index was able to recognize the less and the most affected patients. However, it was not useful to support therapeutic decisions and prognosis in the clinical scenario due to syndromic and non-syndromic phenotypes overlapping. These issues make contemporary the debate on diagnostic methods and disease severity assessment for CFM. They also impact care and etiopathogenetic studies.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Goldenhar , Cardiopatias Congênitas , Microcefalia , Face , Síndrome de Goldenhar/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Goldenhar/genética , Humanos , Coluna Vertebral
6.
Rev Soc Bras Med Trop ; 54: e01802020, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33605376

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Newborn who had Zika vírus but did not show microcephaly at birth may have neuropsychomotor development problems. We aimed to evaluate the developmental and anthropometric milestones of asymptomatic children whose mothers had Zika during pregnancy in Northeastern Brazil in 2015 and 2016. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional case series study of children in Fortaleza born without microcephaly whose mothers had Zika during pregnancy. Home visits were undertaken to evaluate the developmental milestones and gather anthropometric data of the children and to conduct semi-structured interviews with the mothers to identify their socioeconomic and gestational profiles and assess the newborns after birth. RESULTS: In total, 30 cases were identified. Of these, 17 children and their mothers participated in the study. The median age of the mothers at the time of delivery was 26 years. All were symptomatic, and TORCH was negative. At the time of the home visit, all had growth profiles suitable for their age. However, nearly all children (15/17, 88.2%) presented at least one developmental delay, considering their age group. CONCLUSIONS: There were late changes in the neuropsychomotor development of children born to mothers who had Zika during pregnancy, suggesting the need for specialized medical follow-ups.


Assuntos
Microcefalia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez , Infecção por Zika virus , Zika virus , Adulto , Brasil , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Crescimento e Desenvolvimento , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Mães , Gravidez , Infecção por Zika virus/diagnóstico
7.
Am J Med Genet A ; 185(2): 424-433, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33215846

RESUMO

Congenital Zika syndrome (CZS) constitutes a recently identified malformation caused by Zika virus infection during pregnancy. Limited data is available to date on the facial dysmorphic features of these patients. This study evaluated the facial dysmorphisms of children with CZS, compared with clinically healthy children, using clinical examination and standardized photographic images. Sixty-three children with CZS (9.70 ± 3.2 months-age), and 31 Controls (8.67 ± 6.2 months-age) joined the study. Seven out of 15 indices differed between groups: midfacial height (MFH)/horizontal facial reference (HFR) (p = .0003), interalar distance/HFR (p = .0027), nasal root depth/MFH (p = .0030), posterior nasal length/MFH (p = .0002), vertical position of the ear/MFH (p <.0001), ear length/MFH (p = .0005), chin height/total facial height (CH/TFH) (p <.0001). A CH/TFH of 0.229 showed 93.9% sensitivity and 80.6% specificity in diagnosing CZS. Children with CZS had broad, short faces, decreased intercanthal distance, short posterior nasal length, prominent nasal root, broad nasal wings, and high-set and long ears. Increased chin height index provided the most accurate diagnostic potential.


Assuntos
Face/anormalidades , Microcefalia/genética , Infecção por Zika virus/diagnóstico , Infecção por Zika virus/genética , Face/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Microcefalia/diagnóstico , Microcefalia/fisiopatologia , Gravidez , Zika virus/genética , Zika virus/patogenicidade , Infecção por Zika virus/patologia , Infecção por Zika virus/virologia
8.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 54: e01802020, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155537

RESUMO

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Newborn who had Zika vírus but did not show microcephaly at birth may have neuropsychomotor development problems. We aimed to evaluate the developmental and anthropometric milestones of asymptomatic children whose mothers had Zika during pregnancy in Northeastern Brazil in 2015 and 2016. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional case series study of children in Fortaleza born without microcephaly whose mothers had Zika during pregnancy. Home visits were undertaken to evaluate the developmental milestones and gather anthropometric data of the children and to conduct semi-structured interviews with the mothers to identify their socioeconomic and gestational profiles and assess the newborns after birth. RESULTS: In total, 30 cases were identified. Of these, 17 children and their mothers participated in the study. The median age of the mothers at the time of delivery was 26 years. All were symptomatic, and TORCH was negative. At the time of the home visit, all had growth profiles suitable for their age. However, nearly all children (15/17, 88.2%) presented at least one developmental delay, considering their age group. CONCLUSIONS: There were late changes in the neuropsychomotor development of children born to mothers who had Zika during pregnancy, suggesting the need for specialized medical follow-ups.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Criança , Adulto , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez , Zika virus , Infecção por Zika virus/diagnóstico , Microcefalia , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Crescimento e Desenvolvimento , Mães
9.
Mol Genet Metab Rep ; 24: 100624, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32742934

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accumulation of phenylalanine (Phe) due to deficiency in the enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH), responsible for the conversion of Phe into tyrosine leads to Phenylketonuria (PKU), a rare autosomal recessive inborn error of metabolism with a mean prevalence of approximately 1:10,000 to 1:15,000 newborns. Physical, neurocognitive and psychiatric symptoms include neurodevelopmental disorder as intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorder. The most common treatments such as low-Phe diet and supplements may decrease blood Phe concentrations, but neuropsychological, behavioral and social issues still occur in some patients. This study aimed to better understand (i) the Brazilian population's knowledge about newborn screening (NBS), the main diagnostic method for PKU, as well as (ii) the impacts of phenylketonuria in the daily lives of patients and parents. METHODS: Two surveys in Real World Data format gathering of Brazilian residents by online questionnaires with (i) 1000 parents of children up to 5 years old between March and April 2019; (ii) 228 PKU patients and caregivers in March 2019. The survey was conducted in partnership with Abril Publisher and two Brazilian patient associations: Metabolic Mothers and SAFE Brasil, for families with rare diseases and PKU patients, respectively. RESULTS: The first questionnaire shows that 93% of parents recognize the importance of NBS and 92% report that their children have undergone the test. Still, two out of ten participants did not know what the exam is or what it is for. From the second questionnaire nine out of ten patients had their PKU diagnosis by NBS. Although strict dietary controls for PKU were claimed by 44% of respondents from second questionnaire, 55% assume not following all nutritionist recommendations and 52% did not maintain routinely Phe control levels. In addition, 53% said they had high spending on medical appointments, therapies and purchase of special foods. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the lack of understanding, the awareness of NBS importance is present in the studied population. The early diagnosis of most PKU patients in the study corroborates with neonatal screening central role of PKU early detection. The difficulty in adhering to dietary adjustments and the possibility that current and new therapeutic strategies other than diet could be determinant to achieve the recommended Phe levels.

10.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 8(1): 1-3, 01/01/2020. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1104306

RESUMO

Introdução: A síndrome do miado do gato ou síndrome 5p é uma doença congênita rara causada por uma anormalidade cromossômica. Relato do caso: Apresentamos o caso de uma paciente de 13 anos com características dismórficas leves. O retardo mental era grave, com comportamento mal adaptativo e hiperatividade. O diagnóstico citogenético da anormalidade cromossômica 46 XX del 5pter-->p13 foi estabelecido. Conclusão: O diagnóstico precoce dessa doença é necessário para a qualidade de vida dos pacientes, mas esse diagnóstico é difícil de ser realizado em pacientes que foram vistos, pela primeira vez, em idade mais avançada.


Introduction: Cat cry syndrome or 5p- syndrome is a rare congenital disease caused by a chromosomal abnormality. Case report: The case of a thirteen-year-old female patient with mild dysmorphic features is presented. Mental retardation is severe, with maladaptive behavior and hyperactivity. The cytogenetic diagnosis of chromosomal abnormality karyotype 46 XX del 5pterp13 has been established. Conclusions: We concluded that early diagnosis of this disease is necessary for patients' quality of life, but this diagnosis is difficult to make in patients who were first seen at an older age.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Miado do Gato , Aconselhamento Genético , Aneuploidia
11.
J Community Genet ; 11(3): 279-284, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792733

RESUMO

Germline mutations in the cylindromatosis gene (CYLD) are associated with a rare autosomal dominant disease known as CYLD cutaneous syndrome (CCS). Patients present multiple neoplasms originating from skin appendages. Here, we investigated the main clinical and molecular features of a large family with CCS having lived in a small Brazilian town for 6 generations, making its prevalence significantly high. We observed a predominance of the disease among males and a wide phenotypic variation. A high frequency of basal cell carcinomas among affected people was found. The mutation c.2806C>T, p.Arg936* in the CYLD gene was detected in all patients. In this work, a geographical cluster of CCS was found, which raised some community genetics issues related not only to the high prevalence of a rare disease in a limited area but also to the strong social stigma associated with the disease.

12.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 7(11): e877, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31508908

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatic glycogen storage diseases (GSDs) are a group of rare genetic disorders in which glycogen cannot be metabolized to glucose in the liver because of enzyme deficiencies along the glycogenolytic pathway. GSDs are well-recognized diseases that can occur without the full spectrum, and with overlapping in symptoms. METHODS: We analyzed a cohort of 125 patients with suspected hepatic GSD through a next-generation sequencing (NGS) gene panel in Ion Torrent platform. New variants were analyzed by pathogenicity prediction tools. RESULTS: Twenty-seven new variants predicted as pathogenic were found between 63 variants identified. The most frequent GSD was type Ia (n = 53), followed by Ib (n = 23). The most frequent variants were p.Arg83Cys (39 alleles) and p.Gln347* (14 alleles) in G6PC gene, and p.Leu348Valfs (21 alleles) in SLC37A4 gene. CONCLUSIONS: The study presents the largest cohort ever analyzed in Brazilian patients with hepatic glycogenosis. We determined the clinical utility of NGS for diagnosis. The molecular diagnosis of hepatic GSDs enables the characterization of diseases with similar clinical symptoms, avoiding hepatic biopsy and having faster results.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/análise , Doença de Depósito de Glicogênio/diagnóstico , Hepatopatias/diagnóstico , Mutação , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Doença de Depósito de Glicogênio/genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Hepatopatias/genética , Masculino , Prognóstico
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31399368

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of dental findings on panoramic radiographs (PRs) of patients with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) and correlate these results with epidemiologic and medical data. STUDY DESIGN: A case-control study was conducted with 24 patients with OI and 48 sex- and age-matched controls. Demographic, clinical, and bisphosphonate regimen-related data were recorded. The outcome variables were the presence or absence of dental alterations in PRs. Mann-Whitney U test, Pearson's χ2 test, and multinomial logistic regression analysis (95% confidence interval) were used (significance level of 5%). RESULTS: OI type 4 demonstrated a high prevalence (62.5%), followed by type 1 (37.5%). With regard to prevalence associated with severity, the moderate form was the most prevalent (P = .028). The mean time of intravenous pamidronate regimen was 6.6 ± 4.4 years. Dentinogenesis imperfecta was observed in 75% of patients with OI, and this group showed a high prevalence of dental abnormalities in comparison with controls (P < .05). Bisphosphonate therapy was associated with ectopic teeth (P = .007) and tooth impaction (P = .033). Pulp obliteration was significant with bisphosphonate treatment over a period of 7 years (P = .026). CONCLUSIONS: This study found a significant prevalence of dental alterations in patients with OI, and certain alterations were associated with bisphosphonate therapy, indicating its influence on the dentin-related physiopathology.


Assuntos
Osteogênese Imperfeita , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Difosfonatos , Humanos , Osteogênese Imperfeita/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiografia Panorâmica
14.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 7(1): 97-100, jan.-mar. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1005506

RESUMO

Introdução: a fenilcetonúria (PKU) é uma doença do metabolismo da fanilalanina cujo tratamento se baseia na introdução precoce de uma fórmula com restrição de fenilalanina. Relato do caso: uma menina, com diagnóstico de PKU a partir da triagem neonatal, com 82 dias de vida, recebeu tratamento dietético com fórmula com restrição de fenilalanina associada à fórmula láctea e desenvolveu alergia à proteína do leite de vaca (APLV) com sintomas cutâneos e gastrointestinais. Conclusão: o manejo dietético da PKU pode precipitar a ocorrência da APLV.


Introduction: Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a disease of the metabolism of phanylalanine whose treatment is based on the early introduction of a phenylalanine-restricted formula. Case report: A girl with 82 days of life with PKU diagnosis from neonatal screening received dietary treatment with a phenylalanine-restricted formula associated with the milk formula. She developed allergy to cow's milk protein (APLV) with cutaneous symptoms and gastrointestinal disorders. Conclusion: Dietary management of PKU may precipitate the occurrence of APLV.


Assuntos
Fenilcetonúrias , Hipersensibilidade a Leite , Dietoterapia , Fórmulas Infantis
15.
Epidemiol Serv Saude ; 27(4): e2017553, 2018 11 08.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30427400

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to describe the results of hearing screening performed in children with Congenital Zika Virus Syndrome (CZS) in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil. METHODS: this was a descriptive cross-sectional study involving children with CZS receiving health care in Fortaleza, 2016; the hearing screening tests performed were immittance audiometry, transient otoacoustic emissions (TOAE), acoustic reflexes, and cochleopalpebral reflex (CPR). RESULTS: The study included 45 children with an average age of 10 months. 44 of them underwent tympanometric screening, with 16 of these having the right ear within the normal range and 22 having the left ear within the normal range. Among the 43 children evaluated by TOAE, 30 "passed" in both ears, nine "refered" in both ears and four "refered" just in ear; 13/43 "refered" and needed to repeat screening. 43 children evaluated by CPR, 37 showed responses. CONCLUSION: most of the children evaluated had completed cochlear function and middle ear results refer in compatible with their age range.


Assuntos
Perda Auditiva/diagnóstico , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Infecção por Zika virus/congênito , Testes de Impedância Acústica/métodos , Audiometria/métodos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Perda Auditiva/epidemiologia , Perda Auditiva/virologia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Emissões Otoacústicas Espontâneas/fisiologia , Infecção por Zika virus/complicações
16.
Am J Med Genet A ; 176(9): 1917-1928, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30070764

RESUMO

Femoral-facial syndrome (FFS, OMIM 134780), also known as femoral hypoplasia-unusual face syndrome, is a rare sporadic syndrome associated with maternal diabetes, and comprising femoral hypoplasia/agenesis and a distinct facies characterized by micrognathia, cleft palate, and other minor dysmorphisms. The evaluation of 14 unpublished Brazilian patients, prompted us to make an extensive literature review comparing both sets of data. From 120 previously reported individuals with FFS, 66 were excluded due to: not meeting the inclusion criteria (n = 21); not providing sufficient data to ascertain the diagnosis (n = 29); were better assigned to another diagnosis (n = 3); and, being fetuses of the second trimester (n = 13) due to the obvious difficult to confirm a typical facies. Clinical-radiological and family information from 54 typical patients were collected and compared with the 14 new Brazilian patients. The comparison between the two sets of patients did not show any relevant differences. Femoral involvement was most frequently hypoplasia, observed in 91.2% of patients, and the typical facies was characterized by micrognathia (97%), cleft palate (61.8%), and minor dysmorphisms (frontal bossing 63.6%, short nose 91.7%, long philtrum 94.9%, and thin upper lip 92.3%). Clubfoot (55.9%) was commonly observed. Other observed findings may be part of FFS or may be simply concurrent anomalies since maternal diabetes is a common risk factor. While maternal diabetes was the only common feature observed during pregnancy (50.8%), no evidence for a monogenic basis was found. Moreover, a monozygotic discordant twin pair was described reinforcing the absence of a major genetic factor associated with FFS.


Assuntos
Fêmur/anormalidades , Síndrome de Pierre Robin/diagnóstico , Brasil/epidemiologia , Facies , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fenótipo , Síndrome de Pierre Robin/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Pierre Robin/genética , Gravidez , Radiografia , Fatores de Risco , Avaliação de Sintomas , Gêmeos Monozigóticos
19.
Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet ; 40(7): 417-424, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29959761

RESUMO

The emergency in international public health caused by the Zika virus gave rise to the discussion about abortion in cases of congenital Zika virus syndrome (CZS). Therefore, we propose to carry out a bibliographic review on abortion in these cases. Five databases were searched using the following terms: abortion, miscarriage, and zika, with the interposition of the Boolean operator "AND." In the selected literature, we found references to the lack of information concerning the risks and severity of CZS, to the great psychological distress suffered by pregnant women, and to the risk of unsafe abortions as a justification for abortion in cases of CZS. However, it is necessary to have available tests that could diagnose, in the first trimester of pregnancy, that the fetus has been affected by the virus, and that it may have important limitations, in order to subsidize the qualified discussion about abortion in these cases.


A emergência provocada na saúde pública internacional por causa do vírus Zika trouxe à tona a discussão do aborto em casos de síndrome congênita de Zika. Portanto, propomos a realização de uma revisão bibliográfica sobre o aborto nesses casos. Foram pesquisados cinco bancos de dados utilizando os seguintes termos: aborto, aborto espontâneo, e zika, com interposição do operador booleano "E". Na literatura selecionada, encontramos referências à falta de informações sobre os riscos e a gravidade da síndrome congénita de Zika, bem como ao grande sofrimento psicológico de mulheres grávidas e ao risco de aborto inseguro como justificativa para o aborto em casos de síndrome congênita de Zika. No entanto, é necessário ter testes disponíveis que possam diagnosticar, no primeiro trimestre da gravidez, que o feto foi afetada pelo vírus, e que ele pode ter limitações importantes, para subsidiar a discussão qualificada sobre o aborto nesses casos.


Assuntos
Aborto Induzido , Aborto Espontâneo/virologia , Infecção por Zika virus/congênito , Aborto Induzido/ética , Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez
20.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 40(7): 417-424, July 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-959007

RESUMO

Abstract The emergency in international public health caused by the Zika virus gave rise to the discussion about abortion in cases of congenital Zika virus syndrome (CZS). Therefore, we propose to carry out a bibliographic review on abortion in these cases. Five databases were searched using the following terms: abortion, miscarriage, and zika, with the interposition of the Boolean operator "AND." In the selected literature, we found references to the lack of information concerning the risks and severity of CZS, to the great psychological distress suffered by pregnant women, and to the risk of unsafe abortions as a justification for abortion in cases of CZS. However, it is necessary to have available tests that could diagnose, in the first trimester of pregnancy, that the fetus has been affected by the virus, and that it may have important limitations, in order to subsidize the qualified discussion about abortion in these cases.


Resumo A emergência provocada na saúde pública internacional por causa do vírus Zika trouxe à tona a discussão do aborto em casos de síndrome congênita de Zika. Portanto, propomos a realização de uma revisão bibliográfica sobre o aborto nesses casos. Foram pesquisados cinco bancos de dados utilizando os seguintes termos: aborto, aborto espontâneo, e zika, com interposição do operador booleano "E". Na literatura selecionada, encontramos referências à falta de informações sobre os riscos e a gravidade da síndrome congénita de Zika, bemcomo ao grande sofrimento psicológico de mulheres grávidas e ao risco de aborto inseguro como justificativa para o aborto em casos de síndrome congênita de Zika. No entanto, é necessário ter testes disponíveis que possam diagnosticar, no primeiro trimestre da gravidez, que o feto foi afetada pelo vírus, e que ele pode ter limitações importantes, para subsidiar a discussão qualificada sobre o aborto nesses casos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Aborto Espontâneo/virologia , Aborto Induzido/ética , Infecção por Zika virus/congênito , Brasil/epidemiologia , Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia
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