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1.
Lancet ; 393(10190): 2503-2510, Jun. 2019. tabela, gráfico
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1046380

RESUMO

Background New-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) have mostly been investigated in head-to-head non-inferiority trials against early-generation DES and have typically shown similar efficacy and superior safety. How the safety profile of new-generation DES compares with that of bare-metal stents (BMS) is less clear.Methods We did an individual patient data meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials to compare outcomes after implantation of new-generation DES or BMS among patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. The primary outcome was the composite of cardiac death or myocardial infarction. Data were pooled in a one-stage random-effects meta-analysis and examined at maximum follow-up and a 1-year landmark. Risk estimates are reported as hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% CIs. This study is registered in PROSPERO, number CRD42017060520.Findings We obtained individual data for 26 616 patients in 20 randomized trials. Mean follow-up was 3·2 (SD 1·8) years. The risk of the primary outcome was reduced in DES recipients compared with BMS recipients (HR 0·84, 95% CI 0·78­0·90, p<0·001) owing to a reduced risk of myocardial infarction (0·79, 0·71­0·88, p<0·001) and a possible slight but non-significant cardiac mortality benefit (0·89, 0·78­1·01, p=0·075). All-cause death was unaffected (HR with DES 0·96, 95% CI 0·88­1·05, p=0·358), but risk was lowered for definite stent thrombosis (0·63, 0·50­0·80, p<0·001) and target-vessel revascularization (0·55, 0·50­0·60, p<0·001). We saw a time-dependent treatment effect, with DES being associated with lower risk of the primary outcome than BMS up to 1 year after placement. While the effect was maintained in the longer term, there was no further divergence from BMS after 1 year. Interpretation The performance of new-generation DES in the first year after implantation means that BMS should no longer be considered the gold standard for safety. Further development of DES technology should target improvements in clinical outcomes beyond 1 year. (AU)


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Stents Metálicos Autoexpansíveis
2.
Lancet ; 393(10190): 2503-2510, 2019 06 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31056295

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: New-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) have mostly been investigated in head-to-head non-inferiority trials against early-generation DES and have typically shown similar efficacy and superior safety. How the safety profile of new-generation DES compares with that of bare-metal stents (BMS) is less clear. METHODS: We did an individual patient data meta-analysis of randomised clinical trials to compare outcomes after implantation of new-generation DES or BMS among patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. The primary outcome was the composite of cardiac death or myocardial infarction. Data were pooled in a one-stage random-effects meta-analysis and examined at maximum follow-up and a 1-year landmark. Risk estimates are reported as hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% CIs. This study is registered in PROSPERO, number CRD42017060520. FINDINGS: We obtained individual data for 26 616 patients in 20 randomised trials. Mean follow-up was 3·2 (SD 1·8) years. The risk of the primary outcome was reduced in DES recipients compared with BMS recipients (HR 0·84, 95% CI 0·78-0·90, p<0·001) owing to a reduced risk of myocardial infarction (0·79, 0·71-0·88, p<0·001) and a possible slight but non-significant cardiac mortality benefit (0·89, 0·78-1·01, p=0·075). All-cause death was unaffected (HR with DES 0·96, 95% CI 0·88-1·05, p=0·358), but risk was lowered for definite stent thrombosis (0·63, 0·50-0·80, p<0·001) and target-vessel revascularisation (0·55, 0·50-0·60, p<0·001). We saw a time-dependent treatment effect, with DES being associated with lower risk of the primary outcome than BMS up to 1 year after placement. While the effect was maintained in the longer term, there was no further divergence from BMS after 1 year. INTERPRETATION: The performance of new-generation DES in the first year after implantation means that BMS should no longer be considered the gold standard for safety. Further development of DES technology should target improvements in clinical outcomes beyond 1 year. FUNDING: Bern University Hospital.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Stents/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Equivalência como Asunto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Razão de Chances , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Desenho de Prótese , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Medição de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 72(23 Pt A): 2826-2837, 2018 12 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30522646

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with complex coronary artery disease (CAD), which in turn results in increased morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the utility of SYNTAX score (SS) for predicting future cardiovascular events in patients with DM and complex CAD undergoing either coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: The FREEDOM (Future REvascularization Evaluation in patients with Diabetes mellitus: Optimal management of Multivessel disease) trial randomized patients with DM and multivessel CAD to undergo either PCI with drug-eluting stents or CABG. The SS was calculated retrospectively by a core laboratory. The endpoint of hard cardiovascular events (HCE) was a composite of death from any cause, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and nonfatal stroke, while the endpoint of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) was a composite of HCE and repeat revascularization. RESULTS: A total of 1,900 patients were randomized to PCI (n = 953) or CABG (n = 947). The SS was considered an independent predictor of 5-year MACCE (hazard ratio per unit of SS: 1.02; 95% confidence interval: 1.00 to 1.03; p = 0.014) and HCE (hazard ratio per unit of SS: 1.03; 95% confidence interval: 1.01 to 1.04; p = 0.002) in the PCI cohort, but not in the CABG group. There was a higher incidence of MACCE in PCI patients with low, intermediate, and high SS compared with those who underwent CABG (36.6% vs. 25.9%, p = 0.02; 43.9% vs. 26.8%, p < 0.001; 48.7% vs. 29.7%, p = 0.003, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: In DM patients with multivessel CAD, the complexity of CAD evaluated by the SS is an independent risk factor for MACCE and HCE only in patients undergoing PCI. The SS should not be utilized to guide the choice of coronary revascularization in patients with DM and multivessel CAD. (Comparison of Two Treatments for Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease in Individuals With Diabetes [FREEDOM]; NCT00086450).


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus/cirurgia , Revascularização Miocárdica/tendências , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/tendências , Idoso , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Diabetes Mellitus/fisiopatologia , Stents Farmacológicos/tendências , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Revascularização Miocárdica/métodos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
8.
Int J Cardiol ; 267: 13-15, 2018 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29861104

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The National Cardiovascular Data Registry (NCDR®) Database is commonly used for quality-improvement initiatives in North America, but little is known about the application of this tool in other regions of the world. METHODS: All consecutive patients admitted due to myocardial infarction (MI) and/or undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) from January 2012 until December 2015 in a Brazilian private cardiovascular hospital were included respectively in ACTION REGISTRY®-GWTG™ and CathPCI Registry®. Meetings including all hospital staff were performed quarterly to discuss every NCDR® report. Quality improvement initiatives were developed based on the reports which were also used for evaluation of changes after the interventions. The following indicators were considered a priority 1) Door-to-ECG and door-to-balloon (D2B) times; 2) PCI appropriateness; 3) length of stay; 4) delivery of guideline-based medication. Changes in the quality of care with respect to the over time were assessed using linear and logistic regression for continuous and binary outcomes, respectively. RESULTS: A total of 1.382 patients were included in the ACTION REGISTRY®-GWTG™ and 3.179 patients in the CathPCI Registry®. In the ACTION registry, the overall AMI performance composite of quality indicators improved along the 4 years from 95.0% to 99.6% (p for trend <0.001). The percentage of appropriate/uncertain PCI in acute and elective scenario increased along the years from 91.1% and 70.9% to 96.6% and 84.7%, respectively (p for trend <0.001). CONCLUSION: The present novel experience using the NCDR® registries as benchmarks to guide quality-improvement programs in an international site was associated with improvement in quality indicators.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Melhoria de Qualidade/organização & administração , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/normas , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Tempo para o Tratamento/normas , Tempo para o Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos
9.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 33(2): 161-168, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27714601

RESUMO

We sought to compare, by means of IVUS and OCT imaging, the performance of a novel sirolimus-eluting drug-eluting stent (DES) with biodegradable polymer (Inspiron™) to the Biomatrix™ DES. From the DESTINY trial, a total of 70 randomized patients (2:1) were enrolled in the IVUS substudy (Inspiron™, n = 46; Biomatrix™: n = 20) while 25 patients were evaluated with OCT (Inspiron™, n = 19; Biomatrix™: n = 06) at 9-month follow-up. The main endpoints were % of neointimal tissue obstruction (IVUS) and neointimal stut coverage (OCT) at 9 months. Patients treated with both DES had very little NIH formation at 9 months either by IVUS (% of NIH obstruction of 4.9 ± 4.1 % with Inspiron™ vs. 2.7 ± 2.9 % with Biomatrix™, p = 0.03) or by OCT (neointimal thickness of 144.2 ± 72.5 µm Inspiron™ vs. 115.0 ± 53.9 µm with Biomatrix™, p = 0.45). Regarding OCT strut-level assessment, again both devices showed excellent 9-month performance, with high rates of strut coverage (99.49 ± 1.01 % with Inspiron™ vs. 97.62 ± 2.21 % with Biomatrix™, p < 0.001) and very rare malapposition (0.29 ± 1.06 % with Inspiron™ vs. 0.53 ± 0.82 % with Biomatrix™, p = 0.44). Patients with any uncovered struts were more frequently identified in the Biomatrix™ group (9.78 ± 7.13 vs. 2.29 ± 3.91 %, p < 0.001). In the present study, midterm IVUS and OCT evaluations showed that both new generation DES with biodegradable polymer were effective in terms of suppressing excessive neointimal response, with very high rates of apposed and covered struts, suggesting a consistent and benign healing pattern.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Vasos Coronários/efeitos dos fármacos , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Stents Farmacológicos , Metais , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Polímeros/química , Sirolimo/análogos & derivados , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Neointima , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Desenho de Prótese , Sirolimo/administração & dosagem , Sirolimo/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 33(2): 161-168, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-34629

RESUMO

We sought to compare, by means of IVUS and OCT imaging, the performance of a novel sirolimus-eluting drug-eluting stent (DES) with biodegradable polymer (Inspiron™) to the Biomatrix™ DES. From the DESTINY trial, a total of 70 randomized patients (2:1) were enrolled in the IVUS substudy (Inspiron™, n = 46; Biomatrix™: n = 20) while 25 patients were evaluated with OCT (Inspiron™, n = 19; Biomatrix™: n = 06) at 9-month follow-up. The main endpoints were % of neointimal tissue obstruction (IVUS) and neointimal stut coverage (OCT) at 9 months. Patients treated with both DES had very little NIH formation at 9 months either by IVUS (% of NIH obstruction of 4.9 ± 4.1 % with Inspiron™ vs. 2.7 ± 2.9 % with Biomatrix™, p = 0.03) or by OCT (neointimal thickness of 144.2 ± 72.5 µm Inspiron™ vs. 115.0 ± 53.9 µm with Biomatrix™, p = 0.45). Regarding OCT strut-level assessment, again both devices showed excellent 9-month performance, with high rates of strut coverage (99.49 ± 1.01 % with Inspiron™ vs. 97.62 ± 2.21 % with Biomatrix™, p < 0.001) and very rare malapposition (0.29 ± 1.06 % with Inspiron™ vs. 0.53 ± 0.82 % with Biomatrix™, p = 0.44). Patients with any uncovered struts were more frequently identified in the Biomatrix™ group (9.78 ± 7.13 vs. 2.29 ± 3.91 %, p < 0.001)...(AU)


Assuntos
Stents Farmacológicos , Sirolimo
11.
Cardiovasc Diagn Ther ; 6(1): 87-91, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26885496

RESUMO

Coronary artery anomalies (CAA) are congenital changes in their origin, course, and/or structure. Intercoronary communication (ICC) is a very rare subset with uni- or bidirectional blood flow between two or more coronary arteries. We present the case of a 58-year-old man with an acute coronary syndrome whose coronary angiography incidentally showed a surprising and very rare communication between the right coronary and left circumflex arteries.

12.
Atherosclerosis ; 247: 21-7, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26854972

RESUMO

AIMS: While the atherosclerotic plaque volume can be manually quantified in coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) it is impractical for clinical routine use. Several anatomical scores have been developed as surrogates for overall atherosclerotic burden in coronary CTA and even proven to be highly predictive for future adverse events. However, they have not been validated against the gold standard for atherosclerotic burden, intra-vascular ultrasound (IVUS). In the present study we have compared several coronary CTA scores with the coronary IVUS. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 62 patients with diagnosed coronary disease scheduled for percutaneous intervention were prospectively enrolled. For all patients, coronary CTA and multivessel IVUS were obtained. Calcium score and 6 previously reported scores were calculated from coronary CTA imaging and compared to average IVUS-derived percent atheroma volume (PAV). On average, 3.8 ± 0.7 vessels, comprising 123.8 ± 31.3 mm in length, were imaged with IVUS per patient. All but one previously described scoring systems showed a significant association with IVUS-derived PAV. Among them, the SSS score demonstrated the strongest correlation with IVUS-PAV (r = 0.61, p < 0.001) and the greatest area under the ROC curve (C-statistic = 0.87), to predict a high PAV. CONCLUSIONS: Most frequently used coronary CTA scores have a good correlation with global coronary atherosclerotic burden measured by multivessel IVUS derived atheroma volume. Among them, the SSS score shows the best performance being a good non-invasive alternative to IVUS for global coronary atherosclerotic burden assessment.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Placa Aterosclerótica , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Idoso , Área Sob a Curva , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Calcificação Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem
13.
Case Rep Cardiol ; 2016: 4865439, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26881143

RESUMO

Primary cardiac tumors are rare and approximately half of them are atrial myxomas. They rarely remain asymptomatic, especially if large. The imaging of a myxoma by contrast dye during coronary angiography is an infrequent sign, which clarifies the vascular supply of the tumor. We report herein an interesting and rare case of a left atrial myxoma hypervascularized from the right coronary artery.

14.
Cardiovasc Diagn Ther ; 5(6): 414-9, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26675281

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to evaluate the clinical performance, in the daily practice of a busy catheterization laboratory, of a novel drug-eluting stent (DES) built with an ultra-thin-strut metallic platform, eluting sirolimus at low doses, abluminal coated with biodegradable polymers, and mounted in a low-compliant delivery system. METHODS: Prospective, single-arm study, comprising all consecutive patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with the Inspiron™ sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) (Scitech, Aparecida de Goiania, Brazil). The primary endpoint was the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) [cardiac death, non-PCI related myocardial infarction (MI), or target vessel revascularization (TVR)]. RESULTS: A total of 470 patients were included, from which 51.3% were diabetics, 33.8% had triple-vessel disease, 15.3% had heart failure, 38.9% had at least one bifurcation treated, 19.8% were treated for a bare metal stent restenosis, and 61.9% had at least one type C lesion; one or more of these features were found in 96.0%. At 300 days, the rate target lesion revascularization was 5.4% and the rate of MACE was 8.1%. The incidence of definite or probable stent thrombosis was 0.4%, with no cases between 30 and 300 days. CONCLUSIONS: The novel stent is associated with excellent short and mid-term clinical outcomes in patients treated with PCI in the daily practice.

15.
Am J Case Rep ; 16: 899-903, 2015 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26694602

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary artery dilatation is a common feature among patients with severe pulmonary hypertension. Left main coronary artery extrinsic compression by an enlarged pulmonary artery is a rare complication and a potential cause for chest pain and sudden cardiac death in patients with pulmonary hypertension. This situation is very rare and few reports have described it. Currently, the appropriate management of these patients remains unknown. CASE REPORT: In the present report we describe the case of a 39-year-old woman who presented with a 2-year history of cardiac symptoms related to exercise. The patient underwent a 64-slice multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) coronary angiography, which showed left main coronary artery (LMCA) compression by a markedly enlarged pulmonary artery trunk (44 mm), without intraluminal stenosis or coronary artery calcium, as determined by the Agatston score. This compression was considered to be the cause of the cardiac symptoms. To confirm and plan the treatment, the patient underwent cardiac catheterization that confirmed the diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension and LMCA critical obstruction. Taking into account the paucity of information regarding the best management in these cases, the treatment decision was shared among a "heart team" that chose percutaneous coronary intervention with stent placement. An intra-vascular ultrasound was performed during the procedure, which showed a dynamic compression of the left main coronary artery. The intervention was successfully executed without any adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: This case illustrates dynamic compression of the LMCA by IVUS, visually demonstrating the mechanism of the intermittent symptoms of myocardial ischemia in this kind of patient. It also shows that percutaneous stenting technique may be an appropriate treatment for this unusual situation.


Assuntos
Oclusão Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertensão Pulmonar/complicações , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Adulto , Angiografia Coronária , Oclusão Coronária/etiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores
16.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 105(5): 487-492, Nov. 2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-764993

RESUMO

Background:Advantages and disadvantages of ad hoc percutaneous coronary intervention have been described. However little is known about the radiation exposure of that procedure as compared with the staged intervention.Objective:To compare the radiation dose of the ad hoc percutaneous coronary intervention with that of the staged procedureMethods:The dose-area product and total Kerma were measured, and the doses of the diagnostic and therapeutic procedures were added. In addition, total fluoroscopic time and number of acquisitions were evaluated.Results:A total of 568 consecutive patients were treated with ad hoc percutaneous coronary intervention (n = 320) or staged percutaneous coronary intervention (n = 248). On admission, the ad hoc group had less hypertension (74.1% vs 81.9%; p = 0.035), dyslipidemia (57.8% vs. 67.7%; p = 0.02) and three-vessel disease (38.8% vs. 50.4%; p = 0.015). The ad hoc group was exposed to significantly lower radiation doses, even after baseline characteristic adjustment between both groups. The ad hoc group was exposed to a total dose-area product of 119.7 ± 70.7 Gycm2, while the staged group, to 139.2 ± 75.3 Gycm2 (p < 0.001).Conclusion:Ad hoc percutaneous coronary intervention reduced radiation exposure as compared with diagnostic and therapeutic procedures performed at two separate times.


Fundamento:Uma série de vantagens e desvantagens tem sido descrita para a intervenção coronária percutânea ad hoc, como a realizada ao mesmo tempo que o cateterismo diagnóstico, porém pouco se sabe sobre a exposição radiológica desse procedimento, comparado com a intervenção estadiada, ou seja, em dois momentos.Objetivo:Comparar a dose de radiação utilizada na angioplastia ad hoc com a angioplastia estadiada.Métodos:O produto de dose por área e o Kerma total foram mensurados, somando-se ambas as fases de diagnóstico e terapêutica. Além disso, foram computados o tempo total de fluoroscopia e o número de filmagens.Resultados:Um total de 568 pacientes consecutivos foram tratados com intervenção coronária percutânea ad hoc (n = 320) ou estadiada (n = 248). À admissão, o grupo do ad hoc apresentava menos hipertensão (74,1% vs. 81,9%; p = 0,035), dislipidemia (57,8% vs. 67,7%; p = 0,02) e doença triarterial (38,8% vs. 50,4%; p = 0,015). O grupo ad hoc foi exposto a doses significativamente menores de radiação, mesmo após ajuste para as diferenças basais entre os grupos. O grupo ad hoc foi exposto a uma dose de produto de dose por área total de 119,7 ± 70,7 Gycm2 enquanto que os pacientes estadiados foram expostos a uma dose de 139,2 ± 75,3 Gycm2 (p < 0,001).Conclusão:A intervenção coronária percutânea ad hoc reduziu a exposição radiológica, em comparação com procedimentos diagnósticos e terapêuticos realizados em tempos separados.


Assuntos
Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Doses de Radiação , Exposição à Radiação/prevenção & controle , Angiografia Coronária , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Stents Farmacológicos , Fluoroscopia/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Monitoramento de Radiação , Fatores de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo
17.
Case Rep Cardiol ; 2015: 703646, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26451260

RESUMO

Aneurysms of the sinus of Valsalva are very rare and mostly located in the right coronary sinus. They might course with dyspnea, fatigue, and acute coronary syndromes. We present herein an extremely rare case report of a 61-year-old woman diagnosed with external left main coronary compression by a giant aneurysm of the left sinus of Valsalva, which was successfully managed with percutaneous coronary intervention.

18.
Rev. bras. cardiol. invasiva ; 23(4): f:279-l:281, out.-dez. 2015. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-846619

RESUMO

A dissecção coronária espontânea é uma entidade rara e, por conseguinte, de etiologia, fisiopatologia e tratamento ainda não estabelecidos. Acomete, em geral, mulheres jovens, sem os clássicos fatores de risco cardiovascular, comumente ao longo do ciclo gravídico-puerperal. Vários fatores influenciam na estratégia de tratamento, como quadro clínico, status hemodinâmico, topografia da dissecção, número de artérias afetadas e fluxo coronário distal. Como no caso relatado, em pacientes estáveis, com dissecções bem delimitadas e, sobremodo, quando o fluxo coronário é reestabelecido, pode-se optar por uma abordagem conservadora, em razão da alta incidência de resolução espontânea e da baixa incidência de eventos adversos a longo prazo


Spontaneous coronary dissection is a rare entity and, therefore, its etiology, pathophysiology, and treatment are not yet established. It affects mainly young women without the classic cardiovascular risk factors, commonly during the pregnancy-childbirth cycle. Several factors influence the treatment strategy, such as clinical presentation, hemodynamic status, topography, number of affected arteries, and distal coronary flow. As in the reported case, in stable patients with well-defined dissections and mainly when the coronary flow has been re-established, one can choose a conservative approach, due to the high incidence of spontaneous resolution and low incidence of long-term adverse events


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença das Coronárias/terapia , Dissecação/métodos , Terapêutica , Angiografia/métodos , Diagnóstico Clínico/diagnóstico , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Prognóstico
19.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 105(5): 487-92, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26351982

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Advantages and disadvantages of ad hoc percutaneous coronary intervention have been described. However little is known about the radiation exposure of that procedure as compared with the staged intervention. OBJECTIVE: To compare the radiation dose of the ad hoc percutaneous coronary intervention with that of the staged procedureMethods:The dose-area product and total Kerma were measured, and the doses of the diagnostic and therapeutic procedures were added. In addition, total fluoroscopic time and number of acquisitions were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 568 consecutive patients were treated with ad hoc percutaneous coronary intervention (n = 320) or staged percutaneous coronary intervention (n = 248). On admission, the ad hoc group had less hypertension (74.1% vs 81.9%; p = 0.035), dyslipidemia (57.8% vs. 67.7%; p = 0.02) and three-vessel disease (38.8% vs. 50.4%; p = 0.015). The ad hoc group was exposed to significantly lower radiation doses, even after baseline characteristic adjustment between both groups. The ad hoc group was exposed to a total dose-area product of 119.7 ± 70.7 Gycm2, while the staged group, to 139.2 ± 75.3 Gycm2 (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Ad hoc percutaneous coronary intervention reduced radiation exposure as compared with diagnostic and therapeutic procedures performed at two separate times.


Assuntos
Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Doses de Radiação , Exposição à Radiação/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Angiografia Coronária , Stents Farmacológicos , Feminino , Fluoroscopia/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Monitoramento de Radiação , Fatores de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo
20.
Cardiovasc Ther ; 33(6): 367-71, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26352896

RESUMO

AIMS: To evaluate the outcomes of patients treated with a new drug-eluting stent formulation with low doses of sirolimus, built in an ultra-thin-strut platform coated with biodegradable abluminal coating. METHODS: This study is a randomized trial that tested the main hypothesis that the angiographic late lumen loss of the novel sirolimus-eluting stent is noninferior compared with commercially available biolimus-eluting stent. A final study population comprising 170 patients with one or two de novo lesions was randomized in the ratio 2:1 for sirolimus-eluting stent or biolimus-eluting stent, respectively. The primary endpoint was 9-month angiographic in-stent late lumen loss. Adverse clinical events were prospectively collected for 1 year. RESULTS: After 9 months, the novel sirolimus-eluting stent was shown noninferior compared with the biolimus stent for the primary endpoint (angiographic in-stent late lumen loss: 0.20 ± 0.29 mm vs. 0.15 ± 0.20 mm, respectively; P value for noninferiority <0.001). The 1-year incidence of death, myocardial infarction, repeat revascularization, and stent thrombosis remained low and not significantly different between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: The present randomized trial demonstrates that the tested novel sirolimus-eluting stent was angiographically noninferior in comparison with a last-generation biolimus-eluting stent.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Sirolimo/análogos & derivados , Idoso , Brasil , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Reestenose Coronária/etiologia , Trombose Coronária/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Sirolimo/administração & dosagem , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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