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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36515423

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The antimicrobial effect of prosthetic materials treated with chitosan was systematically reviewed. METHODS: The searches were carried out on PubMed/Medline, Scopus, ISI Web of Science, LILACS, Embase, and Open Grey with searches performed in March 2022. Selection of in vitro studies, data extraction and risk of bias analysis were performed following the PRISMA guidelines and registered at the Open Science Framework. The evaluated prosthetic materials corresponded to PMMA and tissue conditioner, treated with chitosan. RESULTS: After evaluating the eligibility criteria, 11 articles were included for the qualitative synthesis. The evaluated prosthetic materials corresponded to PMMA (n=8) and tissue conditioner (n=3). All studies performed the incorporation of chitosan in the tissue conditioner (n=3). Regarding PMMA, the use of chitosan as a denture cleanser was the most used (n=3), followed by incorporation (n=2), multilayers coating onto PMMA (n=2) and denture adhesive for PMMA (n=1). Chitosan has antimicrobial activity and is effective in the treatment of prosthetic materials in most studies, but it depends on some factors, such as the treatment method, the type and characteristics of the chitosan, the microorganism evaluated, and its form of organization. CONCLUSION: Chitosan showed highly antimicrobial activity and was effective when used in prosthetic materials.

2.
Rehabilitación (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 56(4): 337-343, Oct-Dic. 2022. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-210846

RESUMO

Introducción: Para evaluar el estado funcional es fundamental contar con instrumentos simples que permitan hacer un seguimiento del curso de los síntomas y del compromiso que pueden presentar las personas adultas sobrevivientes de COVID-19. Este estudio tiene como objetivo evaluar las propiedades psicométricas de la escala de estado funcional post-COVID-19 (Post COVID-19 Functional Status [PCFS]). Material y método: Corresponde a un estudio transversal de validación de escala. En la validación de contenido participaron 22 profesionales sanitarios, quienes mediante juicio de expertos evaluaron la escala en las categorías de suficiencia, claridad, coherencia y relevancia. Así también, dos profesionales realizaron la prueba de test-retest con 20 personas que habían cursado con infección por COVID-19. Adicionalmente, expusieron sus observaciones y comentarios. El grado de acuerdo entre los expertos fue determinado con el coeficiente de Kendall. Para el test-retest se utilizó el coeficiente de Spearman. En todos los análisis fue considerado significativo un valor de p<0,05. Resultados: En relación con la validez de contenido, hubo acuerdo entre evaluadores solo para la categoría relevancia (p=0,032). Se obtuvo buena fuerza de concordancia entre dos evaluadores (Rho de Spearman=0,929 para la puntuación). Se ajustaron algunos términos del contenido sin afectar la estructura general de la escala. De los 16 ítems originales que componen la escala PCFS, no se eliminó ninguno.ConclusionesLa versión en español para Chile de la PCFS, adaptada al contexto cultural del país, muestra buenas características psicométricas en términos de confiabilidad.(AU)


Introduction: To evaluate functional state, it is fundamental to have simple instruments that allow for monitoring the course of symptoms and the commitment of the functional status that adult COVID-19 survivors may present. This study aims to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Post COVID-19 Functional Status (PCFS) scale. Material and methods: A cross-sectional scale validation study was performed. In the content validation 22-health professionals, whom through expert judgment evaluated the scale in the sufficiency, clarity, coherence and relevance categories. In addition, two professionals performed the retest with 20 people who had been infected with COVID-19. In addition, their observations and comments are revealed. The degree of agreement amongst the experts was determined with the Kendall coefficient. For the retest test, the Spearman coefficient was utilized. In all the analyzes, a P value of <.05 was considered. Results: In regards to the content validity, there was agreement between raters only for the relevance category (P=.032). A strong agreement was obtained between two evaluators (Spearman's Rho=.929 for the score). Some of the content terms were adjusted without affecting the general structure of the scale. Of the original 16 items that make up the PCFS scale, none was eliminated. Conclusions: The Spanish version of the PCFS (Chile) was adapted to the cultural context of the country, shows good psychometric characteristics in terms of reliability.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Psicometria , Sobreviventes , Coronavírus Relacionado à Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave , Betacoronavirus , Pandemias , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pessoal de Saúde , Reabilitação , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
3.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 39(1): 967-976, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35853735

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Hyperthermia treatments are successful adjuvants to conventional cancer therapies in which the tumor is sensitized by heating. To monitor and guide the hyperthermia treatment, measuring the tumor and healthy tissue temperature is important. The typical clinical practice heavily relies on intraluminal probe measurements that are uncomfortable for the patient and only provide spatially sparse temperature information. A solution may be offered through recent advances in magnetic resonance thermometry, which allows for three-dimensional internal temperature measurements. However, these measurements are not widely used in the pelvic region due to a low signal-to-noise ratio and presence of image artifacts. METHODS: To advance the clinical integration of magnetic resonance-guided cancer treatments, we consider the problem of removing air-motion-induced image artifacts. Thereto, we propose a new combined thermal and magnetic susceptibility model-based temperature estimation scheme that uses temperature estimates to improve the removal of air-motion-induced image artifacts. The method is experimentally validated using a dedicated phantom that enables the controlled injection of air-motion artifacts and with in vivo thermometry from a clinical hyperthermia treatment. RESULTS: We showed, using probe measurements in a heated phantom, that our method reduced the mean absolute error (MAE) by 58% compared to the state-of-the-art near a moving air volume. Moreover, with in vivo thermometry our method obtained a MAE reduction between 17% and 95% compared to the state-of-the-art. CONCLUSION: We expect that the combined thermal and magnetic susceptibility modeling used in model-based temperature estimation can significantly improve the monitoring in hyperthermia treatments and enable feedback strategies to further improve MR-guided hyperthermia cancer treatments.


Assuntos
Hipertermia Induzida , Neoplasias , Termometria , Artefatos , Humanos , Hipertermia Induzida/métodos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Prótons , Termometria/métodos
4.
Int J Pharm ; 622: 121832, 2022 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35595042

RESUMO

New strategies for the treatment of polymicrobial bone infections are required. In this study, the co-delivery of two antimicrobials by poly(D,L-lactic acid) (PDLLA) scaffolds was investigated in a polymicrobial biofilm model. PDLLA scaffolds were prepared by solvent casting/particulate leaching methodology, incorporating minocycline and voriconazole as clinically relevant antimicrobial agents. The scaffolds presented a sponge-like appearance, suitable to support cell proliferation and drug release. Single- and dual-species biofilm models of Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans were developed and characterized. S. aureus presented a higher ability to form single-species biofilms, compared to C. albicans. Minocycline and voriconazole-loaded PDLLA scaffolds showed activity against S. aureus and C. albicans single- and dual-biofilms. Ultimately, the cytocompatibility/functional activity of PDLLA scaffolds observed in human MG-63 osteosarcoma cells unveil their potential as a next-generation co-delivery system for antimicrobial therapy in bone infections.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Biofilmes , Candida albicans , Humanos , Ácido Láctico , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Minociclina , Staphylococcus aureus , Voriconazol
5.
Rehabilitacion (Madr) ; 56(4): 337-343, 2022.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34426013

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To evaluate functional state, it is fundamental to have simple instruments that allow for monitoring the course of symptoms and the commitment of the functional status that adult COVID-19 survivors may present. This study aims to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Post COVID-19 Functional Status (PCFS) scale. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional scale validation study was performed. In the content validation 22-health professionals, whom through expert judgment evaluated the scale in the sufficiency, clarity, coherence and relevance categories. In addition, two professionals performed the retest with 20 people who had been infected with COVID-19. In addition, their observations and comments are revealed. The degree of agreement amongst the experts was determined with the Kendall coefficient. For the retest test, the Spearman coefficient was utilized. In all the analyzes, a P value of <.05 was considered. RESULTS: In regards to the content validity, there was agreement between raters only for the relevance category (P=.032). A strong agreement was obtained between two evaluators (Spearman's Rho=.929 for the score). Some of the content terms were adjusted without affecting the general structure of the scale. Of the original 16 items that make up the PCFS scale, none was eliminated. CONCLUSIONS: The Spanish version of the PCFS (Chile) was adapted to the cultural context of the country, shows good psychometric characteristics in terms of reliability.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Estado Funcional , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Sobreviventes
6.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 142: 112006, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392085

RESUMO

P2X7 receptor promotes inflammatory response and neuropathic pain. New drugs capable of impairing inflammation and pain-reducing adverse effects extracted from plant extracts have been studied. Physalis angulate L. possesses traditional uses and exhibits antiparasitic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antinociceptive, antimalarial, antileishmanial, immunosuppressive, antiasthmatic. diuretic, and antitumor activities. The most representative phytochemical constituents identified with medicinal importance are the physalins and withanolides. However, the mechanism of anti-inflammatory action is scarce. Although some physalins and withanolides subtypes have anti-inflammatory activity, only four physalins subtypes (B, D, F, and G) have further studies. Therefore, we evaluated the crude ethanolic extract enriched with physalins B, D, F, and G from P. angulata leaves, a pool containing the physalins B, D, F, G, and the physalins individually, as P2X7 receptor antagonists. For this purpose, we evaluated ATP-induced dye uptake, macroscopic currents, and interleukin 1-ß (IL-1ß) in vitro. The crude extract and pool dose-dependently inhibited P2X7 receptor function. Thus, physalin B, D, F, and G individually evaluated for 5'-triphosphate (ATP)-induced dye uptake assay, whole-cell patch-clamp, and cytokine release showed distinct antagonist levels. Physalin D displayed higher potency and efficacy than physalin B, F, and G for all these parameters. In vivo mice model as ATP-induced paw edema was potently inhibited for physalin D, in contrast to physalin B, F, and G. ATP and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced pleurisy in mice were reversed for physalin D treatment. Molecular modeling and computational simulation predicted the intermolecular interactions between the P2X7 receptor and physalin derivatives. In silico results indicated physalin D and F as a potent allosteric P2X7 receptor antagonist. These data confirm physalin D as a promisor source for developing a new P2X7 receptor antagonist with anti-inflammatory action.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Physalis/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Secoesteroides/farmacologia , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/fisiopatologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Simulação por Computador , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Folhas de Planta , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2X/administração & dosagem , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2X/isolamento & purificação , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2X/farmacologia , Receptores Purinérgicos P2X7/efeitos dos fármacos , Secoesteroides/isolamento & purificação
7.
Int J Legal Med ; 135(6): 2423-2436, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34228192

RESUMO

The diagnostic accuracy of the I3M to assess the legal age of 18 years has already been tested in several specific-population samples. The left lower third molar has been extensively used for discriminating between minors and adults. This research aimed to compare the usefulness of lower third molar maturity indexes, from both left and right side (I3ML and I3MR), in samples originating from four distinct continents in order to examine possible differences in their accuracy values. For this purpose, a sample of 10,181 orthopantomograms (OPGs), from Europe, Africa, Asia and America, was analysed and previously scored in other studies. The samples included healthy subjects with no systemic disorders with both third molars and clear depicted root apices. Wilcoxon Signed Rank test for left and right asymmetry did not show any significant differences. Data about sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, likelihood ratio and accuracy were pooled together and showed similar results for I3ML and I3MR, respectively. In addition, all these quantities were high when only the I3MR was considered to discriminate between adults and minors. The present referable database was the first to pool third molar measurements using panoramic radiographs of subjects coming from different continents. The results highlighted that both I3ML and I3MR are reliable indicators for assessing the legal age of 18 years old in those jurisdictions where this legal threshold has been set as the age of majority.


Assuntos
Determinação da Idade pelos Dentes/métodos , Dente Serotino/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Serotino/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Grupos Raciais , Etnicidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem , Mandíbula/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Radiografia Panorâmica , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
8.
Nano Today ; 36: 101012, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33139972

RESUMO

The lack of targeting efficacy has frequently led functionalized nanoparticles to accumulate in unwanted cells and tissues while boosting toxicity-related effects. Conversely, viruses are natural nanoparticles that precisely and responsively interact with the biological machinery through an effective-driven fashion. This interaction is enhanced by a meticulous spatial arrangement which results in a quasi-crystalline distribution of proteins on the viruses' surface. Amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, we propose to look at the SARS-CoV-2 nanoscale viral scaffold as an example of a highly-ordered architecture that must inspire and tailor the production of targeted synthetic nanoparticles.

9.
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal ; 26(3): e299-e303, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33247566

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Childhood cancer is one of the main causes of child mortality and its treatment has debilitating effects on the oral cavity. Several oral mucositis (SOM) is one of the most common and may cause undesirable symptoms such as pain and risk of systemic infection. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a longitudinal, retrospective, and observational study determining the incidence of severe oral mucositis (SOM) and its occurrence sites in pediatric oncologic patients, in João Pessoa, Brazil, between 2013 and 2018. Data from 56 patients aged 1 to 18 years were collected from their medical records and through an oral mucosa examination, from the 1st to 5th week of chemotherapy treatment (CT) using the modified Oral Assessment Guide, by previously calibrated examiners (Kappa index > 0.7). The data were analyzed by the Chi-square test, and Odds Ratios were calculated. RESULTS: Most patients were females (54.5%), aged 8.8 years (± 4.8), with hematologic tumors (73.2%), predominantly Acute Lymphoid Leukemia (50.0%). An increase in the occurrence of SOM was observed throughout the CT (P = 0.05), ranging from 12.5% in the 1st to 35.7% in the 5th CT week. In the 1st CT week, there was a predominance of alterations in the lips (5.5%) and saliva (5.5%), while in the 5th, the jugal / palate mucosa (21.4%) remained the most affected site by SOM. Differences in the severity of SOM in the jugal / palate mucosa (P = 0.01) and labial mucosa (P = 0.04) were observed over time. In the 5th CT week, the likelihood of developing SOM was 13.3-fold higher (95% CI: 1.5 - 105.6) in patients with hematologic tumors. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of SOM was higher in the 5th CT week, most commonly affecting the jugal / palate mucosa, and patients with hematologic tumors were more prone to develop SOM.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias , Estomatite , Adolescente , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Masculino , Mucosa Bucal , Neoplasias/complicações , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estomatite/epidemiologia
10.
J Forensic Odontostomatol ; 2(38): 2-11, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33174533

RESUMO

Dental age (DA) estimation is an extensively investigated resource used by forensic science. This study aimed to evaluate the applicability of the Measurement of Open Apices for DA estimation in north east Brazilians. A total of 429 orthopantomographs of individuals aged 5 to 14.99 years were used. The sample was distributed according to the age groups 5-6.99, 7-8.99, 9-10.99, 11-12.99 and 13-14.99 years, and the data were analyzed descriptively and by linear regression (α= 5%). The majority of the radiographs were from females (n = 241; 56.2%), with an overall mean age of 12 years (± 2.12). A significant difference was observed between DA and chronological age (CA) in the total sample and specifically in females and males. The method underestimated CA by 0.31 year (total sample) and by 0.3 and 0.32 year in females and males, respectively. In contrast, the method overestimated CA in the groups 5-6.99 and 7-8.99 years, with a mean difference (MD) of 0.48 year (p = 0.007) and 0.17 year (p = 0.182), respectively. In the other groups, DA was predicted to be below CA, with a significant difference in the group 13-14.99 (0.75 year). Based on the regression analysis, a correction factor was proposed from the original formula for this population, thereby reaching a predictive power of approximately 80%. To conclude, this method is applicable to the study population aged 5 to 13 years as the estimates obtained did not exceed the error limit of ±1 year.


Assuntos
Determinação da Idade pelos Dentes , Adolescente , Brasil , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Radiografia Panorâmica , Análise de Regressão
11.
Genomics ; 112(1): 297-303, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30802597

RESUMO

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) presents complex chromosomal rearrangements, however, the molecular mechanisms behind HNSCC development remain elusive. The identification of the recurrent chromosomal breakpoints could help to understand these mechanisms. Array-CGH was performed in HNSCC patients and the chromosomal breakpoints involved in gene amplification/loss were analyzed. Frequent breakpoints were clustered in chromosomes 12p, 8p, 3q, 14q, 6p, 4q, Xq and 8q. Chromosomes 6, 14, 3, 8 and X exhibited higher susceptibility to have breaks than other chromosomes. We observed that low copy repeat DNA sequences are localized at or flanking breakpoint sites, ranging from 0 to 200 bp. LINES, SINES and Simple Repeats were the most frequent repeat elements identified in these regions. We conclude that in our cohort specific peri-centromeric and telomeric regions were frequently involved in breakpoints, being the presence of low copy repeats elements one of the explanations for the common rearrangement events observed.


Assuntos
Pontos de Quebra do Cromossomo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Elementos Alu , Centrômero , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Elementos Nucleotídeos Longos e Dispersos , Masculino , Repetições de Microssatélites , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Telômero/química
12.
Braz. j. biol ; 78(4): 691-696, Nov. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-951593

RESUMO

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the in vitro antibacterial activity of the phytochemicals thymol, linalool, and citronellol against Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus salivarius and Streptococcus oralis. Disk diffusion screening on solid medium and measurement of the diameter of the bacterial growth inhibition halos was the technique utilized. The Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) of the substances was determined using serial substance dilutions and microdilution technique in Brain Heart Infusion culture medium. After incubation for 24 hours in an oven at 37 °C, plate reading was completed and confirmed by visual method using 2,3,5 triphenyl tetrazolium chloride dye. The Minimum Bactericidal Concentration (MBC) was determined from MIC subcultures. Assays were performed in triplicate, and chlorhexidine was used as a positive control. The diameters in mm of the growth inhibition halos ranged between 7.3 and 10.7 for S. mutans, 7.3 and 10.0 for S. oralis, and 8.2 and 9.8 for S. salivarius. The MIC and MBC values obtained converged, ranging from maximum values in the presence of Linalool (1,250.0 mg/mL, 2,500.0 mg/mL and 2,500.0 mg/mL, respectively, for S. mutans, S. oralis, and S. salivarius); and minimum values with Thymol (312.5 μg/ml, 156.2 μg/mL and 156.2 μg/ml, respectively for S. mutans, S. oralis, and S. salivarius). All the tested phytochemicals displayed antibacterial activity, thus representing substances with potential applications in preventing tooth decay.


Resumo Este estudo objetivou avaliar a atividade antibacteriana in vitro dos fitoquímicos timol, linalol e citronelol sobre Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus salivaris e Streptococcus oralis. Utilizou-se a técnica de discos de difusão em meio sólido e medição do diâmetro dos halos de inibição. A concentração inibitória mínima (CIM) das substâncias foi determinada utilizando diluições em série das substâncias e técnica de microdiluição em meio de cultura de Brain Heart Infusion. Após incubação durante 24 horas em estufa a 37 °C, a leitura da placa foi confirmada pelo método visual usando o corante 2,3,5 trifenil cloreto de tetrazólio. A concentração bactericida mínima (CBM) foi determinada a partir de subculturas de MIC. Os ensaios foram realizados em triplicata, e clorexidina foi usada como um controle positivo. Os diâmetros dos halos de inibição do crescimento variaram entre 7,3 e 10,7 por S. mutans, 7,3 e 10,0 por S. oralis, e 8,2 e 9,8 para S. salivaris. Os valores de CIM e CBM obtidos variaram de valores máximos na presença de linalol (1.250,0 mg/mL, 2.500.0 mg/mL e 2.500.0 mg/mL, respectivamente, para o S. mutans, S oralis e S. salivaris); a valores mínimos com timol (312,5 μg/ml, 156,2 μg/mL e 156,2 μg/ml, respectivamente para S. mutans, S. oralis e S. salivaris). Todos os fitoquímicos testados apresentaram atividade antibacteriana, representando, assim, substâncias com potencial de aplicações na prevenção da cárie dentária.


Assuntos
Streptococcus/efeitos dos fármacos , Timol/farmacologia , Monoterpenos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana/métodos , Cárie Dentária/microbiologia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Monoterpenos Acíclicos
13.
Environ Pollut ; 243(Pt B): 1008-1014, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30248600

RESUMO

In the 21st century, severe droughts associated with climate change will increase biomass burning (BB) in Brazil caused by the human activities. Recent droughts, especially in 2005, 2010, and 2015, caused strong socioeconomic and environmental impacts. The 2015 drought considered the most severe since 1901, surpassed the 2005 and 2010 events in respect to area and duration. Herein, based on satellite data, the 2005, 2010 and 2015 drought impacts on wildfire episodes and carbon monoxide (CO) variability during the dry and the dry-to-wet transition seasons were examined. The BB occurrences in the dry season were fewer during 2015 than during 2005 (-44%) and 2010 (-47%). Contrasting, the BB events in the dry-to-wet transition season, were higher during 2015 than during 2005 (+192%) and 2010 (+332%). The BB outbreaks were concentrated in the southern and southwestern Amazon during 2005, in the Cerrado region during 2010, and mainly in the central and northern Amazon during 2015, an area normally with few fires. The CO concentration showed positive variations (up to +30%) occurred in the southern Amazon and central Brazil during the 2005 and 2010 dry seasons, and north of 20 °S during the 2015-2016 dry-to-wet transition season. The BB outbreaks and the CO emissions showed a considerable spatiotemporal variability among the droughts of 2005, 2010, and 2016, first of them driven by local conditions in the tropical North Atlantic (TNA), characterized by warm than normal sea surface waters and the other two by the El Niño occurrences.


Assuntos
Monóxido de Carbono/análise , Secas/estatística & dados numéricos , Monitoramento Ambiental , Incêndios/estatística & dados numéricos , Biomassa , Brasil , Mudança Climática , Atividades Humanas , Estações do Ano
14.
Reprod Domest Anim ; 53(3): 742-750, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29638043

RESUMO

The main goal of this study was to assess the usefulness of two imaging modalities, namely the B-mode and colour Doppler sonography, and serum progesterone (P4 ) concentrations for determining the ovarian response in superovulated ewes. Twenty-four sexually mature Santa Inês ewes underwent the superovulatory treatment consisting of eight injections of porcine FSH (total dose of 200 or 133 or 100 mg; n = 8 ewes/total dose) given at 12-hr intervals and initiated 48 hr before CIDR® (Pfizer Inc., Auckland, New Zealand) removal. Six days after natural mating, the ovaries of all donor ewes were visualized and examined with transrectal ultrasonography and then with videolaparoscopy to identify and enumerate corpora lutea (CL) and luteinized unovulated follicles (LUFs). Jugular blood samples were collected just prior to ovarian examinations. The total number of CL (r = .78 and 0.83, p < .0001) and LUFs (r = .74 and 0.90, p < .0001) enumerated using the B-mode and colour Doppler ultrasonographic technique, respectively, were correlated with that ascertained by videolaparoscopy. Circulating concentrations of P4 were related directly to the number of healthy CL (r = .73, p = .0002) and inversely to the number of prematurely regressing CL (r = -.46, p = .03), but the accuracy of predicting the number of short-lived CL with serum P4 concentrations was very poor. The present results indicate that ultrasonographic imaging and serum P4 measurements on the day of embryo recovery are useful indicators of total/normal CL numbers and both ultrasonographic techniques can be used to quantify LUFs in superovulated ewes.


Assuntos
Ovário/diagnóstico por imagem , Progesterona/sangue , Carneiro Doméstico/fisiologia , Ultrassonografia/veterinária , Animais , Corpo Lúteo/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/farmacologia , Luteólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Superovulação/fisiologia
15.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 51(5): e6773, 2018 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29590259

RESUMO

Bacterial infections occur worldwide and are a major public health problem. Among pathogens, Staphylococcus aureus is the main causative agent of bacterial diseases in the world. This study aimed to evaluate which components of the immune system could act protectively against a S. aureus infection in intradermally immunized mice. C57BL/6 and A/j mice were immunized intradermally with S. aureus inactivated by heat and then challenged with viable strains in an air pouch model. At 6, 12, and 24 h after the challenge, euthanasia was performed, and the cellular profile of the inflammatory infiltrate, cytokines, and the bacterial load were evaluated in the air pouch lavages. Immunized mice demonstrated that the intradermal immunization with S. aureus promoted protection in C57BL/6 mice by reducing the bacterial, which was correlated with increased serum concentration of IgG antibodies (IgG1 and IgG2a) against S. aureus. The increase in IgG2a antibody levels was correlated with a decrease of bacterial load in intradermally immunized C57BL/6 mice, along with production of IL-17A at the inflammation site, as well as IgG1consumption. Similar results were not found in the A/j lineage. In conclusion, a vaccine against S. aureus should focus more on the individual characteristics of the host because it is a determinant factor for the success of the immunization.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antibacterianos/imunologia , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/imunologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/prevenção & controle , Vacinas Antiestafilocócicas/imunologia , Animais , Carga Bacteriana , Citocinas/imunologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Infecções Estafilocócicas/imunologia , Vacinas Antiestafilocócicas/administração & dosagem , Fatores de Tempo
16.
Braz J Biol ; 78(4): 691-696, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29412250

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the in vitro antibacterial activity of the phytochemicals thymol, linalool, and citronellol against Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus salivarius and Streptococcus oralis. Disk diffusion screening on solid medium and measurement of the diameter of the bacterial growth inhibition halos was the technique utilized. The Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) of the substances was determined using serial substance dilutions and microdilution technique in Brain Heart Infusion culture medium. After incubation for 24 hours in an oven at 37 °C, plate reading was completed and confirmed by visual method using 2,3,5 triphenyl tetrazolium chloride dye. The Minimum Bactericidal Concentration (MBC) was determined from MIC subcultures. Assays were performed in triplicate, and chlorhexidine was used as a positive control. The diameters in mm of the growth inhibition halos ranged between 7.3 and 10.7 for S. mutans, 7.3 and 10.0 for S. oralis, and 8.2 and 9.8 for S. salivarius. The MIC and MBC values obtained converged, ranging from maximum values in the presence of Linalool (1,250.0 mg/mL, 2,500.0 mg/mL and 2,500.0 mg/mL, respectively, for S. mutans, S. oralis, and S. salivarius); and minimum values with Thymol (312.5 µg/ml, 156.2 µg/mL and 156.2 µg/ml, respectively for S. mutans, S. oralis, and S. salivarius). All the tested phytochemicals displayed antibacterial activity, thus representing substances with potential applications in preventing tooth decay.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Monoterpenos/farmacologia , Streptococcus/efeitos dos fármacos , Timol/farmacologia , Monoterpenos Acíclicos , Cárie Dentária/microbiologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana/métodos , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia
17.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 13982, 2017 10 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29070908

RESUMO

In this work, we have constructed and experimentally investigated frustrated arrays of dipoles forming two-dimensional artificial spin ices with different lattice parameters (rectangular arrays with horizontal and vertical lattice spacings denoted by a and b respectively). Arrays with three different aspect ratios γ = a/b = [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] are studied. Theoretical calculations of low-energy demagnetized configurations for these same parameters are also presented. Experimental data for demagnetized samples confirm most of the theoretical results. However, the highest energy topology (doubly-charged monopoles) does not emerge in our theoretical model, while they are seen in experiments for large enough γ. Our results also insinuate that the string tension connecting two magnetic monopoles in a pair vanishes in rectangular lattices with a critical ratio γ = γ c = [Formula: see text], supporting previous theoretical predictions.

18.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 69(5): 1339-1345, set.-out. 2017. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-879372

RESUMO

This study aimed to quantify and identify the profile of the rumen protozoa population of beef steers fed with or without roughage. Nellore crossbred steers raised in extensive system on lignified tropical pastures with mineral supplementation and steers confined for 60 days only receiving pelletized concentrate and whole corn kernels were evaluated. After slaughter, rumen fluid was collected and one ml aliquots were diluted in nine ml formaldehyde solution at 10%. The counts of small, medium and large protozoa were held in Sedgewick Rafter chambers and identification of genus was possible after staining lugol and optical microscope with a 40X objective. The concentration of rumen protozoa positively correlated with pH ruminal. Cattle fed without roughage had significantly lower rumen protozoa population (P<0.05). Animals fed roughage had higher occurrence of Dasytrichia genus, Charonina, Entodinum, Diplodinium, Ostracodinium and Epidinium while those fed without bulk, the Buetschilia, Isotricha, Eodinium, Polyplastron, Elyplastron, Metadinium and Enoploplastron were the most frequent genus.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Acidose/veterinária , Microbiota , Rúmen/microbiologia
19.
J Proteomics ; 169: 143-152, 2017 10 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28634118

RESUMO

Proteins and peptides able to resist gastrointestinal digestion and reach the intestinal mucosa have the potential to influence human health. Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) seed proteins are able to resist cooking (86.9% total protein) and/or in vitro simulated human digestion (15.9% total protein resists soaking, cooking and digestion with pepsin and pancreatin). To identify and characterize proteins resisting digestion we made use of different MS methodologies. The efficiency of several proteases (trypsin, AspN, chymotrypsin and LysC) was tested, and two technologies were employed (MALDI-MS/MS and LC-nESI-MS/MS). Digestion with trypsin and AspN were most successful for the identification of seed proteins. When analyzed by MALDI- MS/MS, trypsin allowed the identification of at least one protein in 60% of the polypeptide bands, while AspN allows the identification in 48%. The use of LC-nESI-MS/MS, allowed the identification of much more proteins/polypeptides from digested seeds (232 vs 17 using trypsin). The majority of the proteins found to be able to resist simulated digestion were members of the 7S vicilin and 11S legumin seed storage protein classes, which are reported to contain bio-active functions. In addition, we have found proteins that had not yet been described as potentially able to cause an impact on human health. SIGNIFICANCE: This is the first proteomic study to analyze the effect of processing and simulated human gastrointestinal digestion on the proteome of chickpea seed. Chickpea is reported to have anti-nutritional effects as well as nutraceutical properties, so the identification and characterization of the proteins able to resist digestion is crucial to understand the targets underlying such properties.


Assuntos
Cicer/química , Digestão , Proteoma/análise , Sementes/química , Cicer/metabolismo , Humanos , Peptídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/análise , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Proteoma/metabolismo , Proteínas de Armazenamento de Sementes/metabolismo , Sementes/metabolismo
20.
Neuroscience ; 349: 253-263, 2017 05 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28279755

RESUMO

Increases in plasma osmolality activates the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN) which in turn mounts a physiological response by increasing the release of arginine vasopressin and sympathetic nerve activity to end organs such as the kidney. The PVN expresses an abundance of purinergic receptors including P2X2 receptors. In the present study, we sought to determine (1) whether P2X2-expressing PVN neurons are activated by hypertonic saline or hypertonic mannitol and (2) what effects P2X receptor blockade has on sympathetic nerve activation mediated by a hyperosmotic stimulus. Male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to three groups and intravenously infused with either isotonic saline (0.154M, 0.5mL), hypertonic saline (3M, 0.5mL) or hypertonic mannitol (10% w/v, 0.5mL). Significantly greater numbers of Fos-positive cells were observed in the hypertonic saline (393±29)- and hypertonic mannitol (141±11)-infused rats compared with control, saline-treated, rats (47±2 neurons/PVN section). Furthermore, there was a significant increase in the number of activated (Fos-positive) P2X2 expressing PVN neurons in the hypertonic saline (65±7) and hypertonic mannitol (37±7)-treated rats compared with controls (16±2). Microinjection of a P2X receptor antagonist, PPADS, within the PVN significantly attenuated sympathetic nerve activation driven by a hyperosmotic stimulus. The hyperosmotically induced increase in lumbar sympathetic nerve activity was significantly blunted after PPADS pre-treatment. Collectively, our findings indicate that hyperosmotic stimulation activates a subset of P2X2 expressing PVN neurons that might facilitate increased sympathetic drive.


Assuntos
Hipotálamo/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Núcleo Hipotalâmico Paraventricular/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptores Purinérgicos P2/metabolismo , Solução Salina Hipertônica/farmacologia , Animais , Arginina Vasopressina/metabolismo , Hipotálamo/metabolismo , Masculino , Neurônios/metabolismo , Ratos Wistar
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