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1.
Nutr Clin Pract ; 2021 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33979013

RESUMO

Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have several pathophysiological alterations, including anemia, one of the first changes in CKD patients. More recently, researchers have observed that the intestinal microbiota alterations are also another complication in these patients. The most common treatment for anemia is oral (mainly ferrous sulfate) or intravenous iron supplementation. Despite being a necessary treatment, recent studies have reported that supplementation with oral iron may increase its availability in the intestine, leading to disturbance in the gut microbiota and also to oxidative stress in the enterocytes, which may change the permeability and the microbiota profile. Although it is a therapy routinely used in patients with CKD, supplementation with oral iron on the gut microbiota has been rarely studied in these patients. Thus, this review will discuss the relationship between iron and the gut microbiota and the possible effects of oral iron supplementation on gut microbiota in patients with CKD.

2.
3.
Nutrition ; 83: 111094, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33418489

RESUMO

Propolis is a polyphenolic plant resin collected by bees to protect hives against pathogens and temperature drop. It exhibits antibacterial, antioxidant, and antiinflammatory properties. Propolis has been reported to possess antidiabetic properties and display beneficial effects against cardiovascular disease, gut dysbiosis, and chronic kidney disease. It has an excellent clinical safety profile, with no known toxic effects described so far. In this review, we discuss the salutogenic effects of propolis, with particular reference to modulating notable features of chronic kidney disease, notably those involving cardiovascular risks.

4.
Virulence ; 12(1): 260-269, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33356835

RESUMO

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease and colonization by Staphylococcus aureus may affect up to 100% of these patients. Virulent and resistant isolates can worsen AD patient clinical condition and jeopardize the treatment. We aimed to detect virulence genes and to evaluate the biofilm production of S. aureus isolates from infected skin lesions of children with AD. Methicillin resistance was detected by phenotypic and molecular tests and the virulence genes were detected by PCR. Biofilm formation was assessed by bacterial growing on microtiter plates and later stained with safranin. Genotyping was performed by Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis and Multilocus Sequence Typing. Among 106 AD patients, 55 (51.8%) had developed S. aureus cutaneous infections and 23 (41.6%) were methicillin-resistant (MRSA). All 55 isolates carried the fnbA, hla, icaA, sasG, and seu genes, and more than 70% presented cna, eap, ebpS, hlg, and pvl genes. Clonal complex (CC) 30 was the main lineage found (34.5%), especially among MRSA isolates (52.2%). The egc cluster and the bbp gene were significantly the most frequent in MRSA isolates and in USA1100/ST30/CC30 lineage. Most of the isolates (74.5%) were non-biofilm producers and many of them only started to produce it in the presence of fibrinogen. There was no significant association between S. aureus isolates features and the AD severity. This study demonstrated a high frequency of CC30 MRSA isolates presenting several virulence genes in infected skin lesions of AD children in Brazil, that may influence the severity of the disease and the treatments required.

5.
Enfermeria (Montev.) ; 9(2): 229-242, dic. 2020. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1142898

RESUMO

Resumo: O trabalho teve como objetivo descrever as inter-relações de pessoas que realizam o cuidado em saúde com plantas medicinais. Trata-se de uma pesquisa qualitativa, exploratória, descritiva e etnobotânica que utilizou a Teoria Sistêmica como referencial teórico. Foram entrevistadas seis pessoas referência no cuidado em saúde com plantas medicinais no primeiro semestre de 2018. Os dados foram organizados pelo programa WebQDA qualitative data analysis e foi realizada a análise de conteúdo de Bardin. São apresentados resultados relacionados a origem do saber sobre o cuidado com plantas medicinais e também acerca da inter-relação social como forma de transmissão de conhecimento. O saber é adquirido na família, por cursos ou, é entendido como um dom. Os informantes transmitem seus saberes em diferentes contextos sociais conforme a disposição de suas inter-relações. Conclui-se que diferentes inter-relações individual, social e ambiental originam diferentes formas de cuidado em saúde com plantas medicinais e seus saberes associados.


Resumen: Este trabajo tuvo como objetivo describir las interrelaciones de personas que realizan el cuidado en salud con plantas medicinales. Se trata de una investigación cualitativa, exploratoria, descriptiva y etnobotánica que utilizó la Teoría Sistémica como referencial teórico. Fueron entrevistadas seis personas referencia en el cuidado en salud con plantas medicinales en el primer semestre de 2018. Las informaciones fueron organizadas por el programa WebQDA qualitative data analysis y fue realizado el análisis de contenido de Bardin. Son presentados resultados relacionados al origen del conocimiento sobre el cuidado con plantas medicinales y también acerca de la interrelación social como forma de transmisión de conocimiento. El conocimiento es adquirido en la familia, por cursos o es entendido como un don. Los informantes transmiten sus conocimientos en diferentes contextos sociales conforme la disposición de sus interrelaciones. Se concluye que diferentes interrelaciones individual, social y ambiental originan diferentes formas de cuidado en salud con plantas medicinales y sus conocimientos asociados.


Abstract: This study aims at describing the interrelations of people who carry out the health care with medicinal plants. It is a qualitative, exploratory, descriptive and ethnobotany research which used the Systemic Theory as theoretical reference. Six people were interviewed as reference in the health care with medicinal plants in the first semester of 2018. The data were organized through the WebQDA qualitative data analysis program and it was carried out the Bardin content analysis. Results related to the origin of knowledge about care with medicinal plants are presented and also about the social interrelation as a form of transmission of knowledge. Knowledge is acquired in the family, through courses or, it is understood as a gift. The informers transmit their knowledge in different social contexts according to the disposition of their interrelations. It is concluded that different individual, social and environmental interrelations originate different forms of health care with medicinal plants and their knowledge associated.

6.
Nutr Rev ; 2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33338213

RESUMO

Sulforaphane (SFN) is a sulfur-containing isothiocyanate found in cruciferous vegetables (Brassicaceae) and a well-known activator of nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), considered a master regulator of cellular antioxidant responses. Patients with chronic diseases, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and chronic kidney disease (CKD) present with high levels of oxidative stress and a massive inflammatory burden associated with diminished Nrf2 and elevated nuclear transcription factor-κB-κB expression. Because it is a common constituent of dietary vegetables, the salutogenic properties of sulforaphane, especially it's antioxidative and anti-inflammatory properties, have been explored as a nutritional intervention in a range of diseases of ageing, though data on CKD remain scarce. In this brief review, the effects of SFN as a senotherapeutic agent are described and a rationale is provided for studies that aim to explore the potential benefits of SFN-rich foods in patients with CKD.

7.
Oral Dis ; 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33191587

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This work aims to describe oral health conditions, eating habits, and oral hygiene in pediatric and adolescent patients with atopic dermatitis and correlate them with the severity of the Scoring Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD). Also, we aim to estimate the effect of several variables on the diagnosis of dental caries in these patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 92 children and adolescents with atopic dermatitis had their oral cavities examined. The effect of independent variables on the diagnosis of dental caries (outcome) was assessed using multiple binary logistic regression model. RESULTS: Mild patients presented higher score of decayed, missing, and filled teeth in permanent dentition than moderate patients (p = 0.040). In the multivariable regression final model, the covariates using inhaled corticoid (OR = 6.4; p = 0.003), type of teething [deciduous dentition (OR = 7.9; p = 0.027) and mixed dentition (OR = 10.5; p = 0.007)], and brushing quality [poor mechanical control (OR = 10.6; p < 0.0001)] demonstrated significant direct effect on the diagnosis of dental caries. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that the presence of dental biofilm, use of inhaled corticoid, and type of teething are related to the presence of caries in atopic dermatitis patients.

8.
Codas ; 32(5): e20190086, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33174986

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the performance in phonological processing skills, reading speed and reading comprehension before and after phonological remediation in a restricted group of schoolchildren with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and with dyslexia. METHODS: Thirty-two schoolchildren from the 2nd to 8th year of Elementary School of both genders, with diagnosis of ADHD and Dyslexia according to the DSM-5, participated in this study. All patients underwent Phonological Remediation Program consisted of 18 weekly sessions. RESULTS: The results, expressed in z scores, showed a statistically significant difference between before and after remediation assessments in phonological processing skills, such as syllabic and phonemic awareness, working memory and lexical access. Rhyming task was analyzed separately because it represents another level of segmentation and, for this result, there was no significance. Besides these results, there was a statistically significant difference in reading speed and reading comprehension. CONCLUSION: The phonological remediation program contributes to the development of phonological processing, reading speed and reading comprehension in this population.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade , Dislexia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Linguística , Masculino , Memória de Curto Prazo , Fonética , Leitura
9.
Foods ; 9(10)2020 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993071

RESUMO

This study aimed to optimize and validate a multi-residue method for identifying and quantifying pesticides in honey by using both gas and liquid chromatographic separation followed by mass spectrometric detection. The proposed method was validated to detect 168 compounds, 127 of them by LC-MS/MS (liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometric detection) and 41 by GC-MS/MS (gas chromatography tandem mass spectrometric detection). The limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) values for the analytes determined by LC-MS/MS were 0.0001-0.0004 mg/kg and 0.0002-0.0008 mg/kg, respectively. For GC-MS/MS analyses, the LOD and LOQ values were 0.001-0.004 mg/kg and 0.002-0.008 mg/kg. In total, 33 samples of commercial honey produced by apiaries in six Brazilian states were analyzed with the validated method. Residual amounts of 15 analytes were detected in 31 samples (93.9%). The method described in the present study was able to detect an extensive and broad range of pesticides with very high sensitivity.

10.
J Oral Microbiol ; 12(1): 1807179, 2020 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32944157

RESUMO

Introduction: Oral mycobiome profiling is important to understand host-pathogen interactions that occur in various diseases. Invasive fungal infections are particularly relevant for patients who have received chemotherapy and for those who have HIV infection. In addition, changes in fungal microbiota are associated with the worsening of chronic conditions like atopic dermatitis (AD). This work aims, through a systematic review, to analyze the methods used in previous studies to identify oral fungi and their most frequent species in patients with the following conditions: HIV infection, leukemia, and atopic dermatitis. Methods: A literature search was performed on several different databases. Inclusion criteria were: written in English or Portuguese; published between September 2009 and September 2019; analyzed oral fungi of HIV-infected, leukemia, or AD patients. Results: 21 studies were included and the most identified species was Candida. The predominant methods of identification were morphological (13/21) and sugar fermentation and assimilation tests (11/21). Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was the most used molecular method (8/21) followed by sequencing techniques (3/21). Conclusions: Although morphological and biochemical tests are still used, they are associated with high-throughput sequencing techniques, due to their accuracy and time saving for profiling the predominant species in oral mycobiome.

11.
J Inherit Metab Dis ; 2020 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32785952

RESUMO

Acute intoxication-type inborn errors of metabolism (IT-IEM) such as urea cycle disorders and non-acute IT-IEM such as phenylketonuria have a major impact on paediatric patients' life. Patients have to adhere to a strict diet but may face neurocognitive impairment and - in acute diseases - metabolic decompensations nevertheless. Research on the subjective burden of IT-IEM remains sparse. Studies with appropriate sample sizes are needed to make valid statements about health-related quality of life (HrQoL) in children and adolescents with IT-IEM. Six international metabolic centres contributed self-reports and proxy reports of HrQoL (assessed with the Paediatric Quality of Life Inventory) to the final data set (n = 251 patients; age range 2.3-18.8 years). To compare HrQoL of the patient sample with norm data and between acute and non-acute IT-IEM, t tests were conducted. To examine the influence of child age, sex, diagnosis and current dietary treatment on HrQoL, multiple linear regression analyses were conducted. Self-reports and proxy reporst showed significantly lower HrQoL total scores for children with IT-IEM compared to healthy children. Current dietary treatment significantly predicted lower proxy reported total HrQoL. Children with non-acute IT-IEM reported significantly lower psychosocial health and emotional functioning than children with acute IT-IEM. The patient sample showed significantly impaired HrQoL and a diet regimen remains a risk factor for lower HrQoL. Differences in HrQoL between acute and non-acute IT-IEM subgroups indicate that factors beyond symptom severity determine the perception of disease burden. Identifying these factors is of crucial importance to develop and implement appropriate interventions for those in need.

12.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 96(4): 503-510, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Coleciona SUS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1135047

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: Duchenne muscular dystrophy, an X-linked genetic disease, leads to progressive muscle weakness mainly in the lower limbs. Motor function tests help to monitor disease progression. Can low-cost, simple assessments help in the diagnostic suspicion of Duchenne muscular dystrophy? The authors aim to define the sensitivity of time to rise from the floor, time to walk 10 meters, and time to run 10 meters, evaluating them as eventual diagnostic screening tools. Methods: This is an analytical, observational, retrospective (1998-2015), and prospective study (2015-2018). Cases were recruited from the database of the pediatric neurology department and the healthy, from child care consultations, with normal gait development (up to 15 months) and without other comorbidities (neuromuscular, pulmonary, heart diseases) from the same university hospital. Results: 128 Duchenne muscular dystrophy patients and 344 healthy children were analyzed, equally distributed in age groups. In Duchenne muscular dystrophy, there is a progressive increase in the means of the times to perform the motor tests according to the age group, which accelerates very abruptly after 7 years of age. Healthy children acquire maximum motor capacity at 6 years and stabilize their times. The time to rise showed a p-value <0.05 and a strong association (effect size [ES] >0.8) in all age groups (except at 12 years), with time to walk 10 meters from 9 years, and with time to run 10 meters , from 5 years. The 100% sensitivity points were defined as follows: time to rise, at 2 s; time to walk 10 meters, 5 s; time to run 10 meters, 4 s. Conclusions: Time to rise is a useful and simple tool in the screening of neuromuscular disorders such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy, a previously incurable disease with new perspectives for treatment.


Resumo Objetivo: A distrofia muscular de Duchenne, doença genética ligada ao X, determina fraqueza muscular progressiva principalmente em membros inferiores. Os testes de função motora ajudam a monitorar a progressão da doença. Avaliações simples de baixo custo podem ajudar na suspeita diagnóstica da distrofia muscular de Duchenne? Objetivamos definir a sensibilidade do tempo levantar, tempo andar 10 metros e tempo correr 10 metros, avaliando-os como eventuais ferramentas de triagem diagnóstica. Métodos: Estudo analítico, observacional, retrospectivo (1998 até 2015) e prospectivo (2015 até 2018). Os casos foram recrutados do banco de dados do serviço de neurologia infantil e os saudáveis, de consultas de puericultura, com desenvolvimento de marcha normal (até os 15 meses) e sem outras comorbidades (neuromusculares, pneumopatias, cardiopatias), do mesmo hospital universitário. Resultados: Foram analisados 128 pacientes com distrofia muscular de Duchenne e 344 saudáveis, distribuídos igualmente em faixas etárias. Na distrofia muscular de Duchenne ocorre aumento progressivo das médias dos tempos para realizar as provas motoras, de forma acentuada a partir dos 7 anos. Os saudáveis estabilizam os tempos a partir dos 6 anos, adquirindo capacidade motora máxima. O tempo de levantar apresentou p-valor <0,05 e forte associação (TE >0,8) em todas as faixas etárias (exceto aos 12 anos), tempo de andar 10 metros a partir de 9 anos e o tempo de correr 10 metros, dos 5 anos. Os pontos de 100% sensibilidade foram definidos: tempo de levantar aos 2 segundos; tempo de andar, 5 segundos e tempo de correr 10 metros, 4 segundos. Conclusões: O tempo de levantar é útil e simples na triagem de doenças neuromusculares como a distrofia muscular de Duchenne, doença antes incurável com novas perspectivas de tratamento.

13.
Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 24(4): 387-401, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32621033

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Dysbiosis has been identified in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The aim of this study was to carry out a systematic review of an electronic research that was carried out on articles published between January 2008 and September 2018. METHODS: Eight studies were selected after applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria. RESULTS: All articles targeted the hypervariable regions of the 16S rRNA gene. At the phylum level, it was found reduction of Bacteroidetes (2/8 studies) and increase of Firmicutes (2/8 studies). At the genus level, Rothia increased (1/8 studies) and decreased (2/8 studies) in tumor samples, and Streptococcus also was found increased (3/8 studies) and reduced (3/8 studies). Fusobacterium only increased in OSCC samples (3/8 studies). At species level, an increase in F. nucleatum subsp. polymorphum was more associated to OSCC (2/8 studies) than with controls, as was P. aeruginosa (3/8 studies). CONCLUSION: In summary, the results corroborated dysbiosis in OSCC patients, with enrichment of microbial taxa that are associated with inflammation and production of acetaldehyde. However, variations of study design and sample size were observed among the studies, as well as a shortage of more detailed analyses of possible correlations between risk habits and OSCC. This lack of more detailed analysis may be the cause of the inconsistencies in regard of the alterations reported for certain genera and species. In conclusion, there is an association between OSCC and oral microbiota dysbiosis, but its role in oral carcinogenesis needs to be clarified in more detail.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Microbiota , Neoplasias Bucais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Microbiota/genética , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
14.
Mol Neurobiol ; 57(9): 3671-3684, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32564284

RESUMO

Intellectual disability (ID) affects 30% more males than females. This sex bias can be attributed to the enrichment of genes on the X chromosome playing essential roles in the central nervous system and their hemizygous state on males. Moreover, as a result of X chromosome inactivation (XCI), most genes on one of the X chromosomes in female somatic cells are epigenetically silenced, so that females carrying X-linked variants are not expected to be so severely affected as males. Consequently, the knowledge about X-linked ID (XLID) in females is still scarce. Herein, we used extreme XCI skewing (≥ 90%) to predict X-linked variants in females with idiopathic ID. XCI profiles from 53 probands were estimated from blood and buccal mucosa through a methylation-sensitive AR/RP2 assay. DNA samples with extreme XCI skewing were then submitted to array-comparative genomic hybridization and whole-exome sequencing. Seven females (13.2%) exhibited extreme XCI skewing, a percentage significantly higher than expected for healthy females in our population. XLID-potentially related variants were identified in five patients with extreme XCI skewing, including one pathogenic rstructural rearrangement [der(X) chromosome from a t(X;2)] and four single nucleotide variants in NLGN4X, HDAC8, TAF1, and USP9X genes, two of which affecting XCI escape genes. XCI skewing showed to be an outstanding approach for the characterization of molecular mechanisms underlying XLID in females. Beyond expanding the spectrum of variants/phenotypes associated with ID, our results pointed to compensatory biological pathways underlying XCI and uncover new insights into the involvement of escape genes on XLID, impacting genetic counseling.

15.
J Mol Neurosci ; 70(9): 1410-1414, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32445071

RESUMO

Down syndrome (DS) is the most common form of mental disability of genetic etiology. Nondisjunction of chromosome 21 is the leading cause of the syndrome. In general, free trisomy 21 cases originate from missegregation in maternal meiosis. Several reports have suggested an association between genetic variants in genes encoding folate metabolizing enzymes and the predisposition to chromosome missegregation. We have conducted a case-control study of 109 DS case mothers (MDS) and 248 control mothers (CM) to assess the association between DHFR del19bp polymorphism and an increased risk of bearing a DS child. Genomic DNA was extracted from buccal cells, and molecular analysis of DHFR del19pb polymorphism was performed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Both MDS and CM allelic and genotypic distributions were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The frequency of DHFR del19pb-mutated allele was 0.54 in MDS and 0.46 in CM. Overall analysis showed that the mutant allele was borderline associated with DS risk (OR 1.38; 95% CI 1.00-1.89; P = 0.05) and a weak positive association for del/del and/or wt/del genotypes of DHFR del19pb polymorphism compared to homozygous wt/wt genotype was identified (OR = 1.75; 95% CI 1.01-3.03; P = 0.05). When we have analyzed data stratified by age, there is an increased risk of bearing a DS child associated with the polymorphic allele (OR = 1.49; 95% CI 1.03-2.16; P = 0.03), suggesting that DHFR del 19-bp polymorphism could be an independent risk factor for DS in women aged < 40 years old.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32402566

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Turner syndrome is a frequent genetic disorder that affects female individuals and covers a large phenotypic variability. Scientific literature suggests an association between hearing loss and Turner syndrome, but it remains a controversial topic. OBJECTIVE: To associate the cytogenetic alteration with the audiometric profile of individuals with Turner syndrome. METHODS: Cross-sectional study, with a hospital-based, convenience sample. Patients diagnosed with Turner syndrome were included and those with difficulty understanding the audiometry and/or other associated syndromes were excluded. The participants were studied with pure tone audiometry. RESULTS: Of the 65 patients included, 36.9% had X chromosome monosomy and 63.0% had other alterations. Regarding the audiometry, 64.6% had normal thresholds and 35.3% had hearing impairment. Of these, 30.4% had hybrid hearing loss, 26.0% alteration at 6 and/or 8kHz, 17.3% had conductive hearing loss, 13.0% sensorineural loss and 13.0% had mixed hearing loss. We observed that the mild degree was the most frequent one. There was no statistically significant association between the cytogenetic type of Turner syndrome and the presence or absence of hearing loss, or with the type and degree of hearing loss. CONCLUSION: The cytogenetic alteration in Turner syndrome was not associated with the audiometric profile, which showed variability regarding the type and degree of hearing loss.

17.
J Pediatr Rehabil Med ; 13(1): 25-35, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176665

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To describe the incidence and risk factors of communication, swallowing, and orofacial myofunctional disorders in a cohort of children and adolescents with cancer and benign neoplasms. METHODS: A prospective cohort study conducted with children aged ⩾ 2 years and adolescents of both genders admitted at the Pediatric Oncology Department of the Instituto Nacional de Câncer (INCA) between March 2014 and April 2015. Study participants were submitted to a Speech-Language Pathology (SLP) assessment at three different times: (T1) at hospital admission; (T2) six months after admission; (T3) one year after admission. RESULTS: One hundred and sixty individuals were evaluated. At the time of hospital admission, 68 individuals (42.5%) presented with some type of SLP disorder. After one year of follow-up, 22.8% of the patients had developed new impairments. The occurrence of new speech-language disorders had a statistically significant association with the tumor site. In the risk analysis for the development of speech-language disorders with respect to the primary tumor site, compared to other sites, the central nervous system (CNS) tumor group was 8.29 times more likely to present some new alterations, while the head and neck (HN) tumor group had a 10.36-fold higher risk. CONCLUSION: An incidence of 22.8% for communication, swallowing, and orofacial myofunctional disorders was observed. The development of these disorders was greater in individuals with tumors in the CNS and in the HN region.

18.
Int J Dermatol ; 59(3): 341-344, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31631315

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is rare and still underdiagnosed in some countries. We aimed to describe HAE diagnosis and sociodemographic and clinical features in patients with HAE due to C1 inhibitor deficiency (HAE-C1-INH) followed up at a tertiary-level center in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional study with prospective data collection of 138 Brazilian patients with HAE was performed. From the total, 107 patients with HAE-C1-INH were selected. Data were assessed based on a specific questionnaire. RESULTS: One hundred and five patients had HAE type I (76.1%), and two had HAE type II (1.4%). Seventy-two were female (67.3%), and 35 were male  (32.7%). Mean age was 38.0 ± 15.0 years (range: 12-73 years). A long delay (17.7 ± 12.6 years) until diagnosis was observed. About 86.9% had a familial history. Cutaneous edema (95.8%), abdominal pain (88.5%), and laryngeal edema (65.6%) were the most frequent symptoms. Triggering factors (95.8%) and prodromal symptoms (47.9%) were referred. Attacks were severe in 55.1% and moderate in 24.3%. Eleven (10.3%) were asymptomatic. HAE attacks were more frequent and severe (P = 0.021) in females. CONCLUSIONS: We observed a considerable delay in diagnosis, even with familial history. The severity of HAE attacks, especially in females, highlights the need for an awareness of disease by gynecologists and obstetricians. Screening of familial members, including asymptomatic individuals, is critical for earlier diagnosis. Regional evaluation of patient profiles can be helpful to draw more attention about HAE and to improve quality of life.


Assuntos
Angioedemas Hereditários/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Angioedemas Hereditários/epidemiologia , Brasil , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
19.
J Microbiol Immunol Infect ; 53(5): 724-730, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30956127

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) colonization in Atopic Dermatitis (AD) patients can contribute to worsening their clinical condition. OBJECTIVE: A cohort study was carried out to determine the incidence of MRSA acquisition and its risk factors in AD children. METHODS: Patients with AD (2 months-14 years old) were followed up for about 1 year at a reference center for AD treatment in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from September 2011 to February 2014. Nasal swabs from patients and contacts were collected every 2 months. The SCORAD system assessed the severity of the AD. S. aureus isolates were evaluated to determine the methicillin resistance and the clonal lineages. RESULTS: Among 117 AD patients, 97 (82.9%) were already colonized with S. aureus and 26 (22.2%) had MRSA at the first evaluation. The incidence of MRSA acquisition in the cohort study was 27.47% (n = 25). The SCORAD assessments were: mild (46.15%), moderate (37.36%) or severe (16.48%). Risk factors were: colonized MRSA contacts (HR = 2.27; 95% CI: 1.16-7.54), use of cyclosporine (HR = 5.84; 95% CI: 1.70-19.98), moderate or severe AD (HR = 3.26; 95% CI: 1.13-9.37). Protective factors were: availability of running water (HR = 0.21; 95% CI: 0.049-0.96) and use of antihistamines (HR = 0.21; 95% IC: 0.64-0.75). MRSA isolates carried the SCCmec type IV and most of them were typed as USA800/ST5. CONCLUSIONS: The high incidence of MRSA acquisition found among AD patients and the risk factors associated show that an effective surveillance of MRSA colonization in these patients is needed.

20.
J Pediatr (Rio J) ; 96(4): 503-510, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31009620

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Duchenne muscular dystrophy, an X-linked genetic disease, leads to progressive muscle weakness mainly in the lower limbs. Motor function tests help to monitor disease progression. Can low-cost, simple assessments help in the diagnostic suspicion of Duchenne muscular dystrophy? The authors aim to define the sensitivity of time to rise from the floor, time to walk 10meters, and time to run 10meters, evaluating them as eventual diagnostic screening tools. METHODS: This is an analytical, observational, retrospective (1998-2015), and prospective study (2015-2018). Cases were recruited from the database of the pediatric neurology department and the healthy, from child care consultations, with normal gait development (up to 15 months) and without other comorbidities (neuromuscular, pulmonary, heart diseases) from the same university hospital. RESULTS: 128 Duchenne muscular dystrophy patients and 344 healthy children were analyzed, equally distributed in age groups. In Duchenne muscular dystrophy, there is a progressive increase in the means of the times to perform the motor tests according to the age group, which accelerates very abruptly after 7 years of age. Healthy children acquire maximum motor capacity at 6 years and stabilize their times. The time to rise showed a p-value <0.05 and a strong association (effect size [ES] >0.8) in all age groups (except at 12 years), with time to walk 10 meters from 9 years, and with time to run 10 meters , from 5 years. The 100% sensitivity points were defined as follows: time to rise, at 2s; time to walk 10 meters, 5s; time to run 10 meters, 4s. CONCLUSIONS: Time to rise is a useful and simple tool in the screening of neuromuscular disorders such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy, a previously incurable disease with new perspectives for treatment.

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