Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 105
Filtrar
1.
Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34401975

RESUMO

The localized juvenile spongiotic gingival hyperplasia (LJSGH) mainly affects the maxillary vestibular attached gingiva of juvenile patients, without sex predilection. Similar lesions involving extragingival sites have not been reported to date. Here, we report 2 cases of extragingival soft tissue lesions with similar clinicopathological features to those reported in LJSGH and 12 cases of intraoral reactive soft tissue lesions microscopically showing LJSGH-like focal areas. The 2 cases were adult patients, affecting the maxillary alveolar ridge (55-year-old female) and hard palate (78-year-old male), which were diagnosed as "spongiotic hyperplasia of the oral mucosa." The 12 intraoral reactive soft tissue lesions (6 men and 6 women; mean age, 49.5 years) were diagnosed as inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia (n = 6), peripheral ossifying fibroma (n = 3), and pyogenic granuloma (n = 3), each of them presenting LJSGH-like focal areas. By immunohistochemistry, the spongiotic hyperplasia areas showed positivity for CK19, CK14, CK34ßE12, and CAM5.2 (weak/focal), while CK4 was negative. Considering the anatomical locations (extragingival) of these 2 cases, the term "spongiotic hyperplasia of the oral mucosa" is suggested. Moreover, LJSGH-like focal areas can be detected when microscopically assessing common intraoral reactive soft tissue lesions.

2.
Rheumatol Int ; 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34283264

RESUMO

Focal lymphocytic sialadenitis (FLS), an important diagnostic criterion for Sjögren's syndrome (SS) diagnosis, can also be observed when assessing minor salivary gland (mSG) biopsies from healthy asymptomatic individuals (non-SS patients). Fifty cases of primary SS (pSS group) and 31 cases of oral reactive lesions (non-SS non-sicca group) containing also typical FLS features, were assessed by morphological and immunohistochemical (CD10, CD23 and Bcl-6) analysis, aiming at the detection of GCs. All pSS cases showed FLS with focus score (FS) ≥ 1. In the non-SS non-sicca group, 12, 10 and 9 cases showed FLS with FS ≥ 1, FLS with FS < 1 and FLS associated with chronic sclerosing sialadenitis with FS < 1, respectively. The morphological analysis revealed similar frequency of GCs in pSS (20%) and non-SS non-sicca group (19%). The area (p = 0.052) and largest diameter (p = 0.245) of GCs were higher in pSS than non-SS non-sicca group. The FS and number of foci were significantly higher in pSS than non-SS non-sicca group with FS < 1. Immunohistochemistry confirmed all morphological findings (GCs showing CD23 and Bcl-6 positivity, with variable CD10 expression) and additionally in 3 and 1 cases of the pSS and non-SS non-sicca group, respectively. Moreover, another 6 and 2 cases of the pSS and non-SS non-sicca group with FS ≥ 1, respectively, showed positivity only for CD23. FLS can also be observed when assessing oral reactive lesions, which showed similar frequency of GCs with those found in pSS patients. Further studies, including functional analysis of lymphocytic populations and GCs in FLS, are encouraged.

3.
Auris Nasus Larynx ; 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34274177

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: While unknown for oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), some studies assessing cervical carcinoma have shown that human papillomavirus (HPV) co-infection can be associated with its prognosis. METHODS: Through in situ hybridization (HPV and Epstein-Barr virus [EBV] probes) and immunohistochemistry (p16INK4a, cyclin D1, p53, and Ki-67 antibodies), 126 OPSCC and 109 OSCC samples were assessed. RESULTS: All patients were EBV-negative. OPSCC (25%) showed a significant association with HPV compared to OSCC (11%). Almost all HPV-associated cases were p16INK4a-positive. Regarding OPSCC and OSCC, 23 and 7 cases were positive for high-risk HPV (HRHPV) only, 6 and 3 cases for low-risk HPV (LRHPV) only, and 3 and 2 cases for HRHPV/LRHPV, respectively. HPV-associated carcinomas showed a significantly higher proliferative index than HPV-unassociated carcinomas. Both carcinomas showed a similar overall survival rate, which was not affected by the HPV status. However, when comparing HPV-associated subgroups, patients with HRHPV/LRHPV-associated carcinomas showed worse survival. CONCLUSION: LRHPV-associated and HRHPV/LRHPV-associated cases can also be detected when assessing OSCC and OPSCC. Further studies, especially in populations with a high prevalence of HPV-associated OPSCC, are necessary to understand the clinicopathological behavior of these neoplasm subgroups.

4.
J Med Virol ; 93(6): 3835-3840, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32910471

RESUMO

Human papillomavirus (HPV) types 6 and 11 are the etiological agents of recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP). We examined the prevalence and distribution of HPVs 6 and 11 genetic variants in juvenile onset (JORRP) and adult onset (AORRP) laryngeal papillomas. Cases of JORRP and AORRP were collected, retrospectively. HPV detection and genotyping were accessed by polymerase chain reaction-sequencing in 67 RRP samples. Overall, the most prevalent HPV-6 variants were from B1 (55.8%) and B3 (27.9%) sublineages, whereas among HPV-11 positive samples A2 (62.5%) variants were predominant. A higher prevalence of HPV-6 B1 was observed in JORRP (83.3% B1 and 16.7% B3), compared with AORRP cases (58.3% B1 and 41.7% B3). HPV-11 A2 variants were more prevalent both in JORRP (57.2%) and in AORRP cases (70.0%). Nevertheless, with the exception that HPV-6 B1 were significantly less likely to recur, there was a lack of association between any particular HPVs 6 or 11 variant and clinicopathological features. Our data do not support an association between HPVs 6 and 11 variability and RRP.


Assuntos
Variação Genética , Papillomavirus Humano 11/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 6/genética , Neoplasias Laríngeas/virologia , Papiloma/virologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções Respiratórias/epidemiologia , Infecções Respiratórias/virologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
7.
Genet Mol Biol ; 43(4): e20200100, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33001133

RESUMO

Endometrial cancer (EC) harboring heterozygous POLE proofreading inactivating mutations (POLE-exo*) is associated with an increased number of somatic mutations that result in a distinctive anti-tumor immune response. However, the consequences of such POLE mutations in the context of the missing wild-type allele have not yet been described in endometrial tumors. A 72-year-old woman harboring a germline monoallelic frameshift mutation (p.Pro269fsTer26) in POLE was diagnosed with an EC having a somatic heterozygous mutation in the exonuclease domain of POLE (S459F). Targeted gene sequencing revealed an ultramutated phenotype (381 mutations/Mb) in the tumor and a 2-fold excess of mutations on the DNA leading strand. Additionally, we observed a mutational signature similar to the COSMIC signature 10, a higher mutation rate in this tumor than in endometrial tumors with heterozygous POLE-exo*, and an increased number of T lymphocytes. This is the first report of an ultramutated EC harboring a somatic POLE-exo* mutation in association with a germline loss-of-function mutation in this gene. The absence of a wild type POLE allele led to a particularly high mutational burden.

8.
Appl. cancer res ; 40: 1-6, Oct. 19, 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1282611

RESUMO

Background: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most frequently occurring malignant tumor of the head and neck region. Chk2 (Checkpoint kinase 2) is considered a tumor suppressor gene that acts on the cellular response to DNA damage. However, the role of Chk2 in OSCC prognosis is not yet fully understood. The objective of this study was to evaluate Chk2 immunoexpression in OSCC and to elucidate the association between its expression and clinicopathological parameters of prognostic importance, including overall survival, disease-free survival, and metastasis-free survival. Methods: Chk2 expression was analyzed in 101 samples from patients with OSCC using immunohistochemistry. We stratified the patients into high expression (> 66% of cells positive for Chk2) and low expression (< 66%) groups. Results: Chk2 showed high expression in 57.43% of OSCC. In our study, the expression of Chk2 did not correlate with any of the prognostic parameters evaluated. There was no difference between overall survival, metastasis-free survival, and disease-free survival according to Chk2 expression. Conclusion: Despite the great importance of Chk2 in the development of different types of cancer, our findings do not favor Chk2 as a prognostic marker in oral squamous cell carcinoma.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Bucais/metabolismo , Imuno-Histoquímica , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Quinase do Ponto de Checagem 2/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida
9.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 15169, 2020 09 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32939030

RESUMO

Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is a complex autoimmune disease characterized by dysfunction of secretory epithelia with only palliative therapy. Patients present with a constellation of symptoms, and the diversity of symptomatic presentation has made it difficult to understand the underlying disease mechanisms. In this study, aggregation of unbiased transcriptome profiling data sets of minor salivary gland biopsies from controls and Sjögren's syndrome patients identified increased expression of lysosome-associated membrane protein 3 (LAMP3/CD208/DC-LAMP) in a subset of Sjögren's syndrome cases. Stratification of patients based on their clinical characteristics suggested an association between increased LAMP3 expression and the presence of serum autoantibodies including anti-Ro/SSA, anti-La/SSB, anti-nuclear antibodies. In vitro studies demonstrated that LAMP3 expression induces epithelial cell dysfunction leading to apoptosis. Interestingly, LAMP3 expression resulted in the accumulation and release of intracellular TRIM21 (one component of SSA), La (SSB), and α-fodrin protein, common autoantigens in Sjögren's syndrome, via extracellular vesicles in an apoptosis-independent mechanism. This study defines a clear role for LAMP3 in the initiation of apoptosis and an independent pathway for the extracellular release of known autoantigens leading to the formation of autoantibodies associated with this disease.ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001196, NCT00001390, NCT02327884.


Assuntos
Autoantígenos/metabolismo , Glicoproteínas de Membrana Associadas ao Lisossomo/imunologia , Proteínas de Neoplasias/imunologia , Síndrome de Sjogren/imunologia , Síndrome de Sjogren/patologia , Apoptose/imunologia , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Autoantígenos/genética , Autoantígenos/imunologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Caspase 3/genética , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Vesículas Extracelulares/imunologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Glicoproteínas de Membrana Associadas ao Lisossomo/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Ribonucleoproteínas/genética , Ribonucleoproteínas/imunologia , Glândulas Salivares Menores/imunologia , Glândulas Salivares Menores/patologia , Síndrome de Sjogren/genética , Regulação para Cima
10.
Gynecol Oncol ; 159(1): 229-238, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32694065

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report the frequency of Lynch syndrome (LS) in a cohort of patients from Southeast Brazil bearing endometrial cancer (EC), using a tumor screening universal approach. METHODS: A total of 242 endometrial carcinomas were screened by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and microsatellite instability (MSI) for detection of DNA mismatch repair deficiency (dMMR). MLH1 methylation was assessed to identify sporadic cases. Patients with dMMR tumors were recruited for germline variant analysis by next-generation sequencing of the MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, PMS2, and EPCAM genes. RESULTS: Ninety-three out of 242 tumors (38.5%) were classified as dMMR based on MSI and IHC results. Of these, 54 cases were selected for germline analysis, and 37/54 (68.5%) were available for sequencing. Ten patients (10/37, 27%) harbored germline pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants, most of them in the MSH6 gene (4/10, 40%). Seven variants of uncertain significance were found. Eight novel germline variants were identified. The LS prevalence in our cohort was of at least 4.1%. LS patients presented lower mean age at cancer diagnosis compared with patients diagnosed with sporadic EC. Individuals with dMMR tumors, without germline pathogenic variants detected in LS-genes ("Lynch-like" syndrome), had an intermediate mean age at cancer diagnosis between LS and sporadic cases. CONCLUSION: This is the first report of the LS prevalence in EC screened by a universal approach in Brazil. Our findings contribute to a better understanding of the mutational landscape of this syndrome in Brazil, which is relevant for improved identification, genetic counseling, prevention and control of cancer in LS.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais Hereditárias sem Polipose/epidemiologia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias do Endométrio/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Brasil/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais Hereditárias sem Polipose/complicações , Neoplasias Colorretais Hereditárias sem Polipose/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais Hereditárias sem Polipose/prevenção & controle , Metilação de DNA , Reparo de Erro de Pareamento de DNA , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Neoplasias do Endométrio/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/prevenção & controle , Endométrio/patologia , Feminino , Aconselhamento Genético/organização & administração , Aconselhamento Genético/estatística & dados numéricos , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Instabilidade de Microssatélites , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Oral Oncol ; 107: 104826, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32505552

RESUMO

Myopericytoma is a rare mesenchymal tumor characterized by a hemangiopericytoma-like vascular pattern with perivascular myoid differentiation. To date, only 11 cases of oral myopericytoma have been reported. To the best of our knowledge, myopericytoma with gingival involvement and associated with calcifications has not been reported, expanding their clinicopathological spectrum. Herein, we report a 12-year-old girl female patient who presented a gingival nodule diagnosed as ossifying myopericytoma, which should be considered in the differential diagnosis when assessing oral soft tissue lesions, especially in pediatric patients.


Assuntos
Imuno-Histoquímica/métodos , Miopericitoma/terapia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Miopericitoma/imunologia
12.
Pediatr Dermatol ; 37(4): 721-723, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32372427

RESUMO

We report a case of atypical oral hairy leukoplakia (OHL) in a 9-year-old immunocompetent girl treated with fluticasone propionate nasal spray for allergic rhinitis. The OHL in childhood is uncommon and should be included in a differential diagnosis of white lesions in the oral mucosa.


Assuntos
Leucoplasia Pilosa , Sprays Nasais , Corticosteroides , Criança , Feminino , Fluticasona/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Leucoplasia Oral , Mucosa Bucal
13.
Autops Case Rep ; 10(1): e2020138, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32039067

RESUMO

Lymphoepithelial-like carcinoma (LEC) is a rare malignant neoplasm, which can be associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. Histologically, LEC is an undifferentiated carcinoma with an intermixed reactive lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate. LEC appears to be an uncommon tumor type of lip carcinoma. An 82-year-old white woman presented a lesion on her lower lip that developed over the last year. The lesion was characterized by ulceration with flat edges, hardened base, painful, and absence of regional lymphadenopathy. Microscopical analysis evidenced an intense inflammatory infiltrate, composed of lymphoplasmacytic cells, associated with scarce pleomorphic epithelial cells. Immunohistochemistry highlighted the LEC cells with strong expression of pan-CK AE1/AE3, EMA, p63, and p53. CD138 was also faintly positive. Ki-67 was >85%. In situ hybridization analysis did not show evidence of EBV. A diagnostic of EBV-negative LEC was made. We present an uncommon type of lip carcinoma, which can represent a diagnostic challenge for clinicians and pathologists.

14.
Head Neck ; 42(3): 374-384, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31729110

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: SMARCB1 (INI-1)-deficient carcinomas and NUT carcinomas are aggressive neoplasms, often affecting the sinonasal region. Not uncommonly, their diagnoses are made retrospectively. METHODS: Through SMARCB1 (INI-1) and NUT immunomarkers, 643 head and neck carcinomas were assessed retrospectively. Moreover, SMARCB1 (INI-1)-deficient and NUT carcinomas were additionally evaluated by immunohistochemistry, as well as in situ hybridization analysis for HPV and EBV. RESULTS: Four SMARCB1 (INI-1)-deficient carcinomas (located in lower lip, soft palate, hypopharynx and vocal cord, this latter high-risk HPV positive) and three NUT carcinomas (all located in oropharynx) were detected, previously diagnosed as nonkeratinizing or moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma. All cases showed squamous differentiation. NUT carcinomas than SMARCB1 (INI-1)-deficient carcinomas showed low overall survival rate. CONCLUSION: The current cases expand the clinicopathological spectrum of SMARCB1 (INI-1)-deficient carcinomas and NUT carcinomas. Notably, the diagnosis of these cases is easily reached through immunohistochemistry, with impact on their accurate classification, treatment, and prognosis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Brasil , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Proteína SMARCB1/genética
15.
Laryngoscope ; 130(11): E611-E618, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860132

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective was to investigate the prevalence of the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and its association with human papilloma virus (HPV) detection, clinicopathological features, and the severity of recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP). METHODS: Cases of juvenile recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (JRRP) (n = 36) and adult recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (ARRP) (n = 44) were collected retrospectively and subdivided into low- and high-risk severity groups based on the Derkay score. We performed HPV detection and genotyping using a reverse hybridization protocol and investigated the presence of EBV by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and in situ hybridization. CD21 levels were accessed by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: All samples were HPV-positive, including 49 cases of HPV 6, 26 cases of HPV 11, four cases of HPV 6 and 11 coinfections, and one case of HPV 16. EBV-DNA was detected in nine samples by PCR, although none of the cases were positive by means of in situ hybridization. CD21 immunoexpression was not statistically associated with any of the variables analyzed. HPV 6 detection was significantly higher in ARRP cases (P = 0.03), whereas HPV 11 was more prevalent in JRRP cases (P = 0.02) and was even more prevalent in JRRP cases of greater severity (Derkay laryngoscopic scale ≥20) (P = 0.04). CONCLUSION: The presence of EBV does not seem to play an important role in the progression/severity of RRP. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4 Laryngoscope, 130:E611-E618, 2020.


Assuntos
Alphapapillomavirus/genética , DNA Viral/análise , Herpesvirus Humano 4/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Infecções Respiratórias/virologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/epidemiologia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/virologia , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Hibridização In Situ , Lactente , Laringoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Prevalência , Receptores de Complemento 3d/análise , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Periodontal Res ; 55(3): 374-380, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31876956

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Some studies suggest that regulatory T cells (Tregs) have suppressive effects on inflammatory osteolysis. The aim of this study was to evaluate Treg immunomarkers in periodontitis-affected tissues from patients with periodontitis and clinically healthy gingiva (control). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The presence and distribution of positive cells for CD4, CD25 and FOXP3 (Treg immunomarkers) in periodontitis-affected tissues (epithelium and lamina propria) of 30 patients (ten per group) with a diagnosis of stage IV, grade C periodontitis (IV-C), stage III, grade B periodontitis (III-B) and the control were evaluated. A two-way ANOVA followed by Fisher's LSD test was used to demonstrate differences between the groups and immunomarkers; Student's t test was used to demonstrate differences between the epithelium and the lamina propria. RESULTS: Both IV-C and III-B periodontitis presented a significantly high proportion of immune-stained cells for all immunomarkers when compared to the control group. Notably, CD25+ and FOXP3+ cells were detected in a significantly higher number in III-B than IV-C periodontitis (P < .05). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest the participation of Tregs on the osteoimmunological mechanisms in IV-C and III-B periodontitis patients, notably contributing to strategies for alveolar bone regeneration in clinical treatment decisions.


Assuntos
Periodontite/imunologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/citologia , Biomarcadores , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead , Gengiva , Humanos , Subunidade alfa de Receptor de Interleucina-2 , Periodontite/classificação
19.
Am J Otolaryngol ; 41(2): 102321, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31787356

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To characterize inflammatory cells in Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis (RRP) and to correlate it with severity using the Derkay laryngoscopic scale. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data and biopsies from 36 patients with Juvenile (JRRP) and 56 patients with Adult (ARRP) were collected and analyzed under light microscopy. The patients were separated into groups according to the Derkay index: ≥20 for the most severe and < 20 for the less severe cases. Immunohistochemical analysis using CD3, CD4, CD8, CD15, CD20, CD68, FoxP3 and MUM-1 antibodies was performed, and the inflammatory cells were quantified. All the clinicopathological characteristics and the results of the immunohistochemical analysis were compared among the groups proposed using the Chi-Square test and correlated through the Spearman correlation test. RESULTS: The ARRP showed significantly higher quantities of CD3+, CD8+ and MUM1+ cells (p < .05) than the JRRP samples. The presence of CD15+ cells showed positive correlation with the Derkay index (p < .05), while the MUM-1+ cells showed an inverse correlation (p = .01). CONCLUSION: There are differences between the inflammatory cells population in the juvenile and adult groups and it can be related to disease severity.


Assuntos
Papiloma/patologia , Neoplasias do Sistema Respiratório/patologia , Adulto , Autoanticorpos , Complexo CD3 , Antígenos CD4 , Antígenos CD8 , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Inflamação , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon/imunologia , Laringoscopia , Antígenos CD15 , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Papiloma/metabolismo , Papiloma/virologia , Papillomaviridae , Neoplasias do Sistema Respiratório/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Sistema Respiratório/virologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
20.
Head Neck ; 41(12): 4111-4120, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31497915

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: M2 macrophages are often detected in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), which, influenced by hypoxic conditions, appear to have high angiogenesis-inducing capacity. However, the effects of immunosenescence on tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) and angiogenesis in OSCC are unknown. METHODS: Fifty-seven OSCCs were divided into 3 groups (I: <40 years [n = 17]; II: 40-65 years [n = 20]; III: >65 years [n = 20]). Immunohistochemistry for CD68 and CD163 (TAMs), and CD34 and D2-40 for microvessel density (MVD), microvessel area (MVA), and total vascular area (TVA) were performed. RESULTS: All groups showed similar clinicopathological and immunohistochemical findings. Similar CD68 and CD163 expression, confirmed a M2 phenotype. MVD, MVA, and TVA were similar, however, with significant predominance of blood vessels. No significant correlation between macrophage and angiogenic markers was observed. CONCLUSIONS: A similar TAM and angiogenesis profile suggests the participation of other mechanisms, instead immunosenescence, in young and elderly OSCC patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/imunologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Neoplasias Bucais/imunologia , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Neovascularização Patológica/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Antígenos de Diferenciação Mielomonocítica/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Imunossenescência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Bucais/metabolismo , Receptores de Superfície Celular/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...