Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 7 de 7
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Histopathology ; 75(5): 704-714, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31173643

RESUMO

AIMS: Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a heterogeneous disease with an aggressive behaviour in most cases, which is associated with expression of sex determining region-Y-box11 (SOX11). Experimental studies have shown that SOX11 expression is associated with an angiogenic switch characterised by increased expression of angiogenic-related signatures and vascularisation of murine tumours. However, the relationship between angiogenesis and SOX11 expression in primary tumours is not well understood. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the development of microvascular angiogenesis in primary MCL in relation to SOX11 expression and its potential prognostic value. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifty-six patients diagnosed with MCL, 38 SOX11-positive and 18 SOX11-negative, were studied. The relative intratumoral microvascular area (MVA) and microvessel density (MVD) (number of intratumoral microvessels/µm2 ) were measured on CD34-stained slides using a computerised image analysis system. SOX11-positive MCL showed a significant higher microvascular development than negative tumours (median MVA = 14.5 × 10-3 versus 5.0 × 10-3 P < 0.001; median MVD = 18.6/µm2 versus 14.2/µm2 , P = 0.021). Analysing the MVA and MVD as continuous variables, a high MVD was associated with shorter overall survival (P = 0.004), and a similar tendency was observed for high MVA (P = 0.064). The microvascular development was not related to the Ki-67 proliferative index or 17p/TP53, 9p or 11q alterations. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that SOX11 promotes an angiogenic phenotype in primary MCL, which may contribute to the more aggressive behaviour of these tumours.

2.
Histopathology ; 75(6): 799-812, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30861172

RESUMO

AIMS: The clinical implications of the programmed cell death 1 (PD1)/programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) axis in patients with post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders are largely unknown, and its association with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) status and PD-L1 copy number alterations (CNAs) has not been thoroughly studied. METHODS AND RESULTS: PD1/PD-L1 expression was studied in 50 adult post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders, and the correlations with PD-L1 CNAs, EBV, clinicopathological features and outcome were evaluated. Thirty-seven (74%) cases were classified as diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), nine (18%) cases were classified as polymorphic, and four (8%) cases were classified as classic Hodgkin lymphoma. Thirty-four cases were EBV-positive, with 29 of 34 (85%) having latency II or III, and 15 of 34 (44%) having viral replication. PD-L1 expression in tumour cells and tumour-associated macrophages was observed in 30 (60%) and 37 (74%) cases, respectively. PD1 positivity was seen in 16 (32%) cases. PD-L1 expression was associated with EBV with latency II or III (P = 0.001) and organ rejection (P = 0.04), and, in DLBCL, with non-germinal centre type DLBCL (P < 0.001). Cases with PD-L1-positive tumour cells showed a higher number of PD-L1 CNAs than PD-L1-negative cases (P = 0.001). Patients with EBV/latency III/replication and simultaneous PD-L1 expression showed the worst overall survival (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The PD1/PD-L1 axis is deregulated in post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders, with frequent PD-L1 expression and PD1 negativity. PD-L1 expression is associated with EBV latency II or III and PD-L1 CNAs, and probably reflects a proinflammatory tumour microenvironment. The combined analysis of EBV status and PD-L1 expression may help to identify deeply immunosuppressed patients who can benefit from immune reconstitution approaches.

3.
Blood ; 133(9): 940-951, 2019 02 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30538135

RESUMO

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is characterized by the t(11;14)(q13;q32) translocation resulting in overexpression of cyclin D1. However, a small subset of cyclin D1- MCL has been recognized, and approximately one-half of them harbor CCND2 translocations while the primary event in cyclin D1-/D2- MCL remains elusive. To identify other potential mechanisms driving MCL pathogenesis, we investigated 56 cyclin D1-/SOX11+ MCL by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), whole-genome/exome sequencing, and gene-expression and copy-number arrays. FISH with break-apart probes identified CCND2 rearrangements in 39 cases (70%) but not CCND3 rearrangements. We analyzed 3 of these negative cases by whole-genome/exome sequencing and identified IGK (n = 2) and IGL (n = 1) enhancer hijackings near CCND3 that were associated with cyclin D3 overexpression. By specific FISH probes, including the IGK enhancer region, we detected 10 additional cryptic IGK juxtapositions to CCND3 (6 cases) and CCND2 (4 cases) in MCL that overexpressed, respectively, these cyclins. A minor subset of 4 cyclin D1- MCL cases lacked cyclin D rearrangements and showed upregulation of CCNE1 and CCNE2. These cases had blastoid morphology, high genomic complexity, and CDKN2A and RB1 deletions. Both genomic and gene-expression profiles of cyclin D1- MCL cases were indistinguishable from cyclin D1+ MCL. In conclusion, virtually all cyclin D1- MCLs carry CCND2/CCND3 rearrangements with immunoglobulin genes, including a novel IGK/L enhancer hijacking mechanism. A subset of cyclin D1-/D2-/D3- MCL with aggressive features has cyclin E dysregulation. Specific FISH probes may allow the molecular identification and diagnosis of cyclin D1- MCL.


Assuntos
Ciclina D2/genética , Ciclina D3/genética , Elementos Facilitadores Genéticos , Rearranjo Gênico , Cadeias Leves de Imunoglobulina/genética , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/genética , Idoso , Ciclina D1/genética , Ciclina D1/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Fatores de Transcrição SOXC/genética , Translocação Genética
4.
Mod Pathol ; 28(11): 1435-47, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26360498

RESUMO

Mantle cell lymphoma is a mature lymphoid neoplasm characterized by the t(11;14)(q13;q32) and cyclin D1 overexpression. SOX11 is a transcription factor commonly overexpressed in these tumors but absent in most other mature B-cell lymphomas whose function is not well understood. Experimental studies have shown that silencing of SOX11 in mantle cell lymphoma cells promotes the shift from a mature B cell into an early plasmacytic differentiation phenotype, suggesting that SOX11 may contribute to tumor development by blocking the B-cell differentiation program. The relationship between SOX11 expression and terminal B-cell differentiation in primary mantle cell lymphoma and its relationship to the plasmacytic differentiation observed in occasional cases is not known. In this study we have investigated the terminal B-cell differentiation phenotype in 60 mantle cell lymphomas, 41 SOX11-positive and 19 SOX11-negative. Monotypic plasma cells and lymphoid cells with plasmacytic differentiation expressing cyclin D1 were observed in 7 (37%) SOX11-negative but in none of 41 SOX11-positive mantle cell lymphomas (P<0.001). Intense cytoplasmic expression of a restricted immunoglobulin light chain was significantly more frequent in SOX11-negative than -positive tumors (58 vs 13%) (P=0.001). Similarly, BLIMP1 and XBP1 expression was also significantly more frequent in SOX11-negative than in -positive cases (83 vs 34% and 75 vs 11%, respectively) (P=0.001). However, no differences in the expression of IRF4/MUM1 were observed among these subtypes of mantle cell lymphoma. In conclusion, these results indicate that SOX11-negative mantle cell lymphoma may be a particular subtype of this tumor characterized by more frequent morphological and immunophenotypic terminal B-cell differentiation features that may be facilitated by the absence of SOX11 transcription factor.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/patologia , Diferenciação Celular , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/patologia , Plasmócitos/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição SOXC/biossíntese , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/imunologia , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Transcrição SOXC/imunologia
5.
Blood ; 124(14): 2235-47, 2014 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25092176

RESUMO

SOX11 is overexpressed in several solid tumors and in the vast majority of aggressive mantle cell lymphomas (MCLs). We have recently proven that SOX11 silencing reduces tumor growth in a MCL xenograft model, consistent with the indolent clinical course of the human SOX11-negative mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). However, the direct oncogenic mechanisms and downstream effector pathways implicated in SOX11-driven transformation remain poorly understood. Here, we observed that SOX11-positive xenograft and human primary MCL tumors overexpressed angiogenic gene signatures and had a higher microvascular density compared with their SOX11-negative counterparts. Conditioned media of SOX11-positive MCL cell lines induced in vitro endothelial cell proliferation, migration, tube formation, and activation of downstream angiogenic pathways. We identified PDGFA as a SOX11 direct target gene upregulated in MCL cells whose inhibition impaired SOX11-enhanced in vitro angiogenic effects on endothelial cells. In addition, platelet-derived growth factor A (PDGFA) was overexpressed in SOX11-positive but not in SOX11-negative MCL. In vivo, imatinib impaired tumor angiogenesis and lymphoma growth in SOX11-positive MCL xenograft tumors. Overall, our results demonstrate a prominent role for SOX11 as a driver of proangiogenic signals in MCL, and highlight the SOX11-PDGFA axis as a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of this aggressive disease.


Assuntos
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Derivado de Plaquetas/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição SOXC/metabolismo , Animais , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados/química , Células Endoteliais/citologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Inativação Gênica , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos SCID , Transplante de Neoplasias , Neovascularização Patológica , Proteômica , Transdução de Sinais , Ativação Transcricional
6.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 38(1): 86-93, 2014 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24145648

RESUMO

The diagnosis of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) can be difficult, especially when no t(11;14) translocation and cyclin D1 overexpression can be detected. In such cases, the transcription factor SOX11 represents an important diagnostic marker, as it is expressed in most MCLs and, in particular, in all cyclin D1-negative MCLs reported so far. A reliable anti-SOX11 antibody is therefore a very useful tool for routine diagnosis. Here, we characterize the new monoclonal anti-SOX11 antibodies, suitable for Western blot assay and immunohistochemistry (IHC) on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue; we tested them on a large series of primary lymphoid tumors and compared these results with those of other routinely used antibodies. Moreover, we show that IHC results depend on transcription levels of SOX11, which suggests that posttranscriptional and posttranslational modifications do not significantly affect cutoff levels for IHC detection of SOX11.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Imuno-Histoquímica , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/química , Fatores de Transcrição SOXC/análise , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/imunologia , Western Blotting , Ciclina D1/análise , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/genética , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/imunologia , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/patologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/análise , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Fatores de Transcrição SOXC/genética , Fatores de Transcrição SOXC/imunologia , Transcrição Genética
7.
Cancer Lett ; 282(1): 116-23, 2009 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19345479

RESUMO

Selenite is a potent inhibitor of malignant cell growth. Although the cytotoxic effects have been extensively investigated in vitro, there are only a limited number of studies using primary tumor cells with concomitant comparison to conventional drugs. An ex vivo model with primary cells from 39 consecutive patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) were exposed to a panel of conventional cytotoxic drugs, and the effects on viability were compared to those of clinically achievable concentrations of selenite. Selenite at 5 microM caused the lowest mean survival of primary tumor cells in the panel of all tested drugs (28.95% CI 18.60-39.30%). The cells showed a significant (p<0.05) correlation in the resistance to all tested conventional AML drugs whereas selenite did not, indicating sensitivity to selenite also in multi drug resistant cells. Exposure to selenite also resulted in an increased mRNA expression of the antioxidant proteins TrxR1 and Grx, while staining for TrxR1 showed decreased protein levels. The results strongly suggest a great potential for selenite in the treatment of multi drug resistant AML.


Assuntos
Citotoxinas/farmacologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Selenito de Sódio/farmacologia , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Medula Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Medula Óssea/patologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/classificação , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA