Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 293
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34890753

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with oligometastatic disease (OMD) may experience durable disease control with ablative therapy to all sites of disease. Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) is an important modality in the management of OMD patients though a validated prognostic model for OMD patients treated with SBRT is currently lacking. The purpose of this study was to develop a prognostic model for overall survival (OS) in OMD patients treated with SBRT. METHODS: A multi-institutional database of extracranial OMD patients treated with SBRT was used for model development. The final prognostic model was generated in a training set using recursive partitioning analysis representing 75% of the population. Model performance was evaluated in the reserved test set. RESULTS: 1,033 patients were included in the analysis. The median OS for the entire cohort was 44.2 months (95% confidence interval: 39.2-48.8 months). The variables used in the regression tree, in order of importance, were primary histology, lung-only OMD on presentation, the timing of OMD presentation and age at the start of SBRT. A full 5-category risk stratification system based on the terminal nodes possessed fair to good discriminative power with a Harrell's concordance statistic of 0.683 (0.634-0.731) and time-dependent area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.709 (0706-0.711) in the test set, with good calibration. A simplified risk stratification system consisting of 3 risk categories was also proposed for greater ease-of-use with comparable performance. CONCLUSION: A clinical prognostic model for OS in patients with extracranial OMD treated with SBRT has been developed and validated.

2.
Radiother Oncol ; 167: 187-194, 2021 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34952002

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In recent years, stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) has emerged as an effective treatment for oligometastatic cancers. Here, we report radiation treatment parameters and clinical outcomes for patients with oligometastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) treated with SBRT using a large multi-institutional database. METHODS: Patients with extra-cranial oligometastatic CRC (≤5 lesions) treated with SBRT at six large academic cancer centers were included. The primary outcome was local recurrence while secondary outcomes included overall survival (OS) progression free survival, oligo-progression, and widespread progression. Survival outcomes were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Univariable and multivariable analyses were performed to determine the relationship between patient and treatment characteristics and clinical outcomes. RESULTS: We identified 235 patients with a total of 381 oligometastatic CRC lesions. The 1- and 5-year local recurrence rate was 13.6% and 44.3% respectively. The median OS was 49 months with a 2-and 5-year OS of 76.1% and 35.9%, respectively. On multivariable analysis, a BED10 of ≥120 Gy, and lung versus liver metastases were associated with a reduction in local recurrence. Larger total PTV size (≥17.5 cc) was associated with worse overall survival, progression free survival, and widespread progression. CONCLUSION: This large multi-institutional analysis found that the use of SBRT for oligometastatic colorectal cancer resulted in favorable overall survival. However, local recurrence is higher than expected for ablative radiation treatment. An increase in BED10 should be considered if feasible and safe.

3.
J Neurosurg Sci ; 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763393

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medulloblastoma is a highly malignant, embryonal tumor, which is rare in adults, and shows distinct clinical, histopathological, molecular and treatment response features. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated 44 adults (age 17-48 years) with an histological diagnosis of medulloblastoma, and in 23 immunohistochemistry was used to identif y the molecular subgroups. We analyzed demographic, diagnostic, therapeutic and cognitive data, and correlated with PFS (progression-free-survival) and OS (overall survival). RESULTS: We observed a male prevalence and a median age of 31 years. Symptoms at onset were related to infratentorial location, while myeloradicular and/or cranial nerve involvement was rare. Histological examination showed the classic variant in 75% of patients, the desmoplastic/nodular in 23% and the anaplastic in one. As for molecular diagnosis, 17 patients were SHH and 6 non-WNT/non-SHH (5 group 4 and 1 group 3), while no WNT subgroup was found. The SHH subgroup had a prevalence of high-risk patients and leptomeningeal involvement. Patients underwent grosstotal or subtotal/partial resection, and craniospinal irradiation, followed in 20 cases by adjuvant chemotherapy. Median OS and PFS were 16.9 and 12 years, respectively. Metastatic disease at presentation and subtotal/partial resection were associated with worse prognosis, while the addition of chemotherapy did not yield a significant advantage over radiotherapy alone. Cognitive impairment in long-term survivors was limited and late relapses occurred in 15% of patients. CONCLUSIONS: Future studies with adequate sample size and long-term follow-up should prospectively investigate the role of surgery and adjuvant therapies across the different molecular subgroups to see whether a personalized approach is feasible.

4.
Front Oncol ; 11: 772789, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34796118

RESUMO

Brain metastases (BMs) represent the most frequent event during the course of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) disease. Recent advancements in the diagnostic and therapeutic procedures result in increased incidence and earlier diagnosis of BMs, with an emerging need to optimize the prognosis of these patients through the adoption of tailored treatment solutions. Nowadays a personalized and multidisciplinary approach should rely on several clinical and molecular factors like patient's performance status, extent and location of brain involvement, extracranial disease control and the presence of any "druggable" molecular target. Radiation therapy (RT), in all its focal (radiosurgery and fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy) or extended (whole brain radiotherapy) declinations, is a cornerstone of BMs management, either alone or combined with surgery and systemic therapies. Our review aims to provide an overview of the many modern RT solutions available for the treatment of BMs from NSCLC in the different clinical scenarios (single lesion, oligo and poly-metastasis, leptomeningeal carcinomatosis). This includes a detailed review of the current standard of care in each setting, with a presentation of the literature data and of the possible technical solutions to offer a "state-of-art" treatment to these patients. In addition to the validated treatment options, we will also discuss the future perspectives on emerging RT technical strategies (e.g., hippocampal avoidance whole brain RT, simultaneous integrated boost, radiosurgery for multiple lesions), and present the innovative and promising findings regarding the combination of novel targeted agents such as tyrosine kinase inhibitors and immune checkpoint inhibitors with brain irradiation.

5.
Blood Adv ; 5(21): 4504-4514, 2021 11 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597375

RESUMO

The role of consolidation radiotherapy (RT) for bulky lesions is controversial in patients with advanced-stage Hodgkin lymphoma who achieve complete metabolic response (CMR) after doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, dacarbazine (ABVD)-based chemotherapy. We present the final results of the Fondazione Italiana Linfomi HD0801 trial, which investigated the potential benefit of RT in that setting. In this phase 3 randomized study, patients with a bulky lesion at baseline (a mass with largest diameter ≥5 cm) who have CMR after 2 and 6 ABVD cycles were randomly assigned 1:1 to RT vs observation (OBS) with a primary endpoint of event-free survival (EFS) at 2 years. The sample size was calculated estimating an EFS improvement for RT of 20% (from 60% to 80%). The secondary end point was progression-free survival (PFS). One hundred sixteen patients met the inclusion criteria and were randomly assigned to RT or OBS. Intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis showed a 2-year EFS of 87.8% vs 85.8% for RT vs OBS (hazard ratio [HR], 1.5; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.6-3.5; P = .34). At 2 years, ITT-PFS was 91.3% vs 85.8% (HR, 1.2; 95% CI, 0.5-3; P = .7). Patients in CMR randomly assigned to OBS had a good outcome, and the primary end point of a 20% benefit in EFS for RT was not met. However, the sample size was underpowered to detect a benefit of 10% or less, keeping open the question of a potential, more limited role of RT in this setting. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00784537.


Assuntos
Doença de Hodgkin , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Bleomicina , Dacarbazina/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Hodgkin/radioterapia , Humanos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Vimblastina/uso terapêutico
6.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; 168: 103497, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34666186

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hematologic toxicity (HT), particularly leukopenia, is a common side-effect of oncologic treatments for pelvic malignancies. Pelvic nodal radiotherapy (PNRT) has been associated with HT development mainly through incidental bone marrow (BM) irradiation; however, several questions remain about the clinical impact of radiotherapy-related HT. Herein, we perform a systematic review of the available evidence on PNRT and HT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive systematic literature search was performed through EMBASE. Hand searching and clinicaltrials.gov were also used. RESULTS: While BM-related dose-volume parameters and BM-sparing techniques have been more thoroughly investigated in pelvic malignancies such as cervical, anal, and rectal cancers, the importance of BM as an organ-at-risk has received less attention in prostate cancer treatment. CONCLUSIONS: We examined the available evidence regarding the impact of PNRT on HT, with a focus on prostate cancer treatment. We suggest that BM should be regarded as an organ-at-risk for patients undergoing PNRT.

7.
Cancer Med ; 10(22): 8091-8099, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34668651

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that the total volume of metastases at initial oligometastatic (OM) presentation to stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) is an important prognostic factor that can refine the definition of OM disease. METHODS: Patients with extracranial oligometastatic cancer (≤5 lesions) treated with SBRT were included in an international multi-institutional database. Multivariable Cox and competing risks regression models were used to determine the relationship between distant progression-free survival (DPFS), widespread progression (WSP), and overall survival (OS) with the total planning target volume (PTV) at initial OM presentation to SBRT. All models were adjusted for histology, pre-SBRT systemic therapy, osseous-only lesions, and number of metastases. RESULTS: In total, 961 patients were included. The median follow-up was 24.4 months (IQR: 13.8-37.5). Total PTV had a significant effect on DPFS in the first 18 months after SBRT and was most profound in the first 6 months, when each twofold increase in total PTV conferred a 40.6% increased risk of distant progression (p < 0.001). Each twofold increase in total PTV increased the risk of WSP by 45.4% in the first 6 months (p < 0.001). Total PTV had a significant effect on OS in the first 2 years after SBRT, with each twofold PTV change increasing the risk of death by 60.7% during the first 6 months (p < 0.001) and by 34% thereafter (p < 0.001). Exploratory gross tumor volume (GTV) analysis confirmed the PTV-based observations. CONCLUSION: The total volumetric burden of metastases at initial OM presentation to SBRT is strongly and independently prognostic for the risk of distant and widespread progression and survival. We propose that this metric should drive the definition of OM disease and guide treatment decision-making.

8.
Br J Radiol ; 94(1127): 20210618, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34677090

RESUMO

In the last decades, the substantial technical progress in radiation oncology offered the opportunity for more accurate planning and delivery of treatment. At the same time, the evolution of systemic treatment and the advent of modern diagnostic tools allowed for more accurate staging and consequently a safe reduction of radiotherapy (RT) target volumes and RT doses in the treatment of lymphomas. As a result, incidental irradiation of organs at risk was reduced, with a consequent reduction of severe late toxicity in long-term lymphoma survivors. Nevertheless, these innovations warrant that professionals pay attention to concurrently ensure precise planning and dose delivery to the target volume and safe sparing of the organs at risk. In particular, target and organ motion should be carefully managed in order to prevent any compromise of treatment efficacy. Several aspects should be taken into account during the treatment pathway to minimise uncertainties and to apply a valuable motion management strategy, when needed. These include: reliable image registration between diagnostic and planning radiologic exams to facilitate the contouring process, image guidance to limit positioning uncertainties and to ensure the accuracy of dose delivery and management of lung motion through procedures of respiratory gating and breath control. In this review, we will cover the current clinical approaches to minimise these uncertainties in patients treated with modern RT techniques, with a particular focus on mediastinal lymphoma. In addition, since uncertainties have a different impact on the dose deposition of protons compared to conventional x-rays, the role of motion management and position verification in proton beam therapy (PBT) will be discussed in a separate section.


Assuntos
Linfoma/radioterapia , Órgãos em Risco/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Suspensão da Respiração , Humanos , Linfoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Movimento (Física)
9.
Radiol Med ; 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34570309

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic has challenged healthcare systems worldwide over the last few months, and it continues to do so. Although some restrictions are being removed, it is not certain when the pandemic is going to be definitively over. Pandemics can be seen as a highly complex logistic scenario. From this perspective, some of the indications provided for palliative radiotherapy (PRT) during the COVID-19 pandemic could be maintained in the future in settings that limit the possibility of patients achieving symptom relief by radiotherapy. This paper has two aims: (1) to provide a summary of the indications for PRT during the COVID-19 pandemic; since some indications can differ slightly, and to avoid any possible contradictions, an expert panel composed of the Italian Association of Radiotherapy and Clinical Oncology (AIRO) and the Palliative Care and Supportive Therapies Working Group (AIRO-palliative) voted by consensus on the summary; (2) to introduce a clinical care model for PRT [endorsed by AIRO and by a spontaneous Italian collaborative network for PRT named "La Rete del Sollievo" ("The Net of Relief")]. The proposed model, denoted "No cOmpRoMise on quality of life by pALliative radiotherapy" (NORMALITY), is based on an AIRO-palliative consensus-based list of clinical indications for PRT and on practical suggestions regarding the management of patients potentially suitable for PRT but dealing with highly complex logistics scenarios (similar to the ongoing logistics limits due to COVID-19). MATERIAL AND METHODS: First, a summary of the available literature guidelines for PRT published during the COVID-19 pandemic was prepared. A systematic literature search based on the PRISMA approach was performed to retrieve the available literature reporting guideline indications fully or partially focused on PRT. Tables reporting each addressed clinical presentation and respective literature indications were prepared and distributed into two main groups: palliative emergencies and palliative non-emergencies. These summaries were voted in by consensus by selected members of the AIRO and AIRO-palliative panels. Second, based on the summary for palliative indications during the COVID-19 pandemic, a clinical care model to facilitate recruitment and delivery of PRT to patients in complex logistic scenarios was proposed. The summary tables were critically integrated and shuffled according to clinical presentations and then voted on in a second consensus round. Along with the adapted guideline indications, some methods of performing the first triage of patients and facilitating a teleconsultation preliminary to the first in-person visit were developed. RESULTS: After the revision of 161 documents, 13 papers were selected for analysis. From the papers, 19 clinical presentation items were collected; in total, 61 question items were extracted and voted on (i.e., for each presentation, more than one indication was provided from the literature). Two tables summarizing the PRT indications during the COVID-19 pandemic available from the literature (PRT COVID-19 summary tables) were developed: palliative emergencies and palliative non-emergencies. The consensus of the vote by the AIRO panel for the PRT COVID-19 summary was reached. The PRT COVID-19 summary tables for palliative emergencies and palliative non-emergencies were adapted for clinical presentations possibly associated with patients in complex clinical scenarios other than the COVID-19 pandemic. The two new indication tables (i.e., "Normality model of PRT indications") for both palliative emergencies and palliative non-emergencies were voted on in a second consensus round. The consensus rate was reached and strong. Written forms facilitating two levels of teleconsultation (triage and remote visits) were also developed, both in English and in Italian, to evaluate the patients for possible indications for PRT before scheduling clinical visits. CONCLUSION: We provide a comprehensive summary of the literature guideline indications for PRT during COVID-19 pandemic. We also propose a clinical care model including clinical indications and written forms facilitating two levels of teleconsultation (triage and remote visits) to evaluate the patients for indications of PRT before scheduling clinical visits. The normality model could facilitate the provision of PRT to patients in future complex logistic scenarios.

10.
Clin Lung Cancer ; 22(6): 579-586, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34538585

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of postoperative radiation therapy (PORT) in stage III N2 NSCLC is controversial. We analyzed decision-making for PORT among European radiation oncology experts in lung cancer. METHODS: Twenty-two experts were asked before and after presentation of the results of the LungART trial to describe their decision criteria for PORT in the management of pN+ NSCLC patients. Treatment strategies were subsequently converted into decision trees and analyzed. RESULTS: Following decision criteria were identified: extracapsular nodal extension, incomplete lymph node resection, multistation lymph nodes, high nodal tumor load, poor response to induction chemotherapy, ineligibility to receive adjuvant chemotherapy, performance status, resection margin, lung function and cardiopulmonary comorbidities. The LungART results had impact on decision-making and reduced the number of recommendations for PORT. The only clear indication for PORT was a R1/2 resection. Six experts out of ten who initially recommended PORT for all R0 resected pN2 patients no longer used PORT routinely for these patients, while four still recommended PORT for all patients with pN2. Fourteen experts used PORT only for patients with risk factors, compared to eleven before the presentation of the LungART trial. Four experts stated that PORT was never recommended in R0 resected pN2 patients regardless of risk factors. CONCLUSION: After presentation of the LungART trial results at ESMO 2020, 82% of our experts still used PORT for stage III pN2 NSCLC patients with risk factors. The recommendation for PORT decreased, especially for patients without risk factors. Cardiopulmonary comorbidities became more relevant in the decision-making for PORT.

11.
Br J Radiol ; 94(1127): 20210469, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34379521

RESUMO

This status article describes current state-of-the-art radiotherapy for lymphomas and new emerging techniques. Current state-of-the-art radiotherapy is sophisticated, individualised, CT-based, intensity-modulated treatment, using PET/CT to define the target. The concept of involved site radiotherapy should be used, delineating the target using the exact same principles as for solid tumours. The optimal treatment delivery includes motion management and online treatment verification systems, which reduce intra- and interfractional anatomical variation. Emerging radiotherapy techniques in lymphomas include adaptive radiotherapy in MR- and CT-based treatment systems and proton therapy. The next generation linear accelerators have the capability to deliver adaptive treatment and allow relatively quick online adaptation to the daily variations of the anatomy. The computer systems use machine leaning to facilitate rapid automatic contouring of the target and organs-at-risk. Moreover, emerging MR-based planning and treatment facilities allow target definition directly from MR scans and allow intra-fractional tracking of structures recognisable on MR. Proton facilities are now being widely implemented. The benefits of proton therapy are due to the physical properties of protons, which in many cases allow sparing of normal tissue. The variety of techniques in modern radiotherapy means that the radiation oncologist must be able to choose the right technique for each patient. The choice is mainly based on experience and standard protocols, but new systems calculating risks for the patients with a specific treatment plan and also systems integrating clinical factors and risk factors into the planning process itself are emerging.


Assuntos
Linfoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfoma/radioterapia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Radioterapia Conformacional/métodos , Humanos
12.
Radiother Oncol ; 164: 98-103, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34454974

RESUMO

PURPOSE: There is a paucity of data on SBRT to non-spine bone (NSB) lesions compared to spine metastases. We report local recurrence (LR), widespread progression (WSP), and overall survival (OS) for oligometastatic patients treated to bone lesions with SBRT and investigate the hypothesis that outcomes are different between patients with spine and non-spine bone oligometastatic disease. METHODS: Patients with oligometastatic disease (≤5 cumulative extracranial metastases) treated with bone SBRT at 6 international institutions from 2007 to 2016 were reviewed. Fine and Gray competing risks and Cox regressions were used to analyze univariable and multivariable relationships between disease/treatment factors and outcomes. RESULTS: In total, 288 spine and 233 NSB lesions are reported in 356 patients. Cumulative incidence of LR across all bone lesions was 6.3%, 12.6% and 19.3% at 6 mo, 1 yr and 2 yrs. While univariable analysis suggested inferior LC and OS in spine patients, this did not hold true in multivariable analysis. The final regression model for LR in NSB lesions included PTV ≥ median of 31.8 cc (HR 5.02, p = 0.014) and primary histology, with RCC and NSCLC conferring a 10.8- and 6.5-fold increased risk of LR compared to prostate histology, respectively. The spine LR model included radioresistant histology (HR 2.11, p = 0.0051), PTV Dmin (BED10) ≥ median of 19.1 Gy (HR 0.46, p = 0.0085), and epidural disease (HR 1.99, p = 0.016). CONCLUSION: This large multi-institutional series reports comparably excellent response to SBRT for a balanced distribution of oligometastatic NSB and spine lesions. Dose escalation for large and/or radioresistant NSB lesions should be explored, given the typical lack of an immediately adjacent dose-limiting critical structure.

13.
Int J Rheum Dis ; 24(10): 1317-1320, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34347374

RESUMO

Interleukin (IL)-6 is a soluble factor secreted by T lymphocytes, involved in antibody generation by B lymphocytes. The IL-6 pathway has risen as a pivotal pathway implicated in immune regulation and dysregulation in various rheumatic diseases. Nonetheless, elevated IL-6 levels can also play a role in cancer. Targeting the IL-6 pathway has led to innovative therapeutic approaches for rheumatic diseases and for COVID-19, particularly in the elderly. Indeed, tocilizumab, an agent targeting IL-6, has recently amassed significant attention as a promising univocal agent for different conditions. In this viewpoint, we sought to recall and describe the common pathway among osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and cancer, suggesting that anti-IL-6 may be considered a jack-of-all-trades against inflammaging in the elderly.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/imunologia , COVID-19/metabolismo , Imunidade Celular , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Doenças Reumáticas/metabolismo , Idoso , COVID-19/imunologia , Humanos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Neoplasias/imunologia , Doenças Reumáticas/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2
14.
Cancer Med ; 10(18): 6189-6198, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34432390

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) is increasingly used to treat oligometastatic disease (OMD), but the effect of metastasis timing on patient outcomes remains uncertain. METHODS: An international database of patients with OMD treated with SBRT was assembled with rigorous quality assurance. Early versus late metastases were defined as those diagnosed ≤24 versus >24 months from the primary tumor. Overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and incidences of wide-spread progression (WSP) were estimated using multivariable Cox proportional hazard models stratified by primary tumor types. RESULTS: The database consists of 1033 patients with median follow-up of 24.1 months (0.3-104.7). Late metastatic presentation (N = 427) was associated with improved OS compared to early metastasis (median survival 53.6 vs. 33.0 months, hazard ratio [HR] 0.59, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.47-0.72, p < 0.0001). Patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC, N = 255, HR 0.49, 95% CI: 0.33-0.74, p = 0.0005) and colorectal cancer (N = 235, HR 0.50, 95% CI: 0.30-0.84, p = 0.008) had better OS if presenting with late metastasis. Late metastasis correlated with longer PFS (median 17.1 vs. 9.0 months, HR 0.71, 95% CI: 0.61-0.83, p < 0.0001) and lower 2-year incidence of WSP (26.1% vs. 43.6%, HR 0.60, 95% CI: 0.49-0.74, p < 0.0001). Fewer WSP were observed in patients with NSCLC (HR 0.52, 95% CI: 0.33-0.83, p = 0.006) and kidney cancer (N = 63, HR 0.37, 95% CI: 0.14-0.97, p = 0.044) with late metastases. Across cancer types, greater SBRT target size was a significant predictor for worse OS. CONCLUSION: Late metastatic presentation is associated with improved survival and delayed progression in patients with OMD treated with SBRT.

15.
Ann Hematol ; 100(10): 2547-2556, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34327561

RESUMO

We investigated the feasibility and activity of an intensified dose-dense ABVD (dd-ABVD) regimen in patients with early-stage unfavorable Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). This prospective, multicenter, phase II study enrolled 96 patients with newly diagnosed, unfavorable stage I or II classical HL. The patients received four cycles of dd-ABVD followed by radiotherapy. Interim PET (PET-2) was mandatory after two courses. Primary endpoints were the evaluation of dd-ABVD feasibility and activity (incidence of PET-2 negativity). The feasibility endpoint was achieved with 48/52 (92.3%) patients receiving > 85% of the programmed dose. The mean dose intensity in the overall patient population (n = 96) was 93.7%, and the median duration of dd-ABVD was 85 days (range, 14-115) versus an expected duration of 84 days. PET-2 was available for 92/96 (95.8%) patients, of whom 79 were PET-2 negative (85.9%). In total, 90 (93.8%) patients showed complete response at the end of treatment. With a follow-up of 80.9 months (3.3-103.2), the median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were not reached. At 84 months, PFS and OS rates were 88.4% and 95.7%, respectively. No evidence for a difference in PFS or OS was observed for PET-2-negative and PET-2-positive patients. Infections were documented in 8.3% and febrile neutropenia in 6.2% of cases. Four patients died: one had alveolitis at cycle 3, one death was unrelated to treatment, and two died from a secondary cancer. dd-ABVD is feasible and demonstrates activity in early-stage unfavorable HL. The predictive role of PET-2 positivity in early-stage unfavorable HL remains controversial. The study was registered in the EudraCT (reference number, 2011-003,191-36) and the ClinicalTrials.gov (reference number, NCT02247869) databases.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Bleomicina/administração & dosagem , Bleomicina/uso terapêutico , Dacarbazina/administração & dosagem , Dacarbazina/uso terapêutico , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Doença de Hodgkin/epidemiologia , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Vimblastina/administração & dosagem , Vimblastina/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem
16.
Hematol Rep ; 13(2): 9080, 2021 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34221295

RESUMO

The rate of complete remission (CR) with the anti-PD1 immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) nivolumab (N) and pembrolizumab (P) in patients with relapsed/refractory (R/R) classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) is low (20-30%), and the majority of patients eventually relapse. One strategy to improve their outcome is to combine ICI with radiotherapy (ICI-RT), taking advantage of a supposed synergistic effect. We retrospectively collected data of 12 adult patients with R/R cHL treated with ICI-RT delivered during or within 8 weeks from the start or after the end of ICI. Median age at ICI-RT was 37 years, 50% had previously received an autologous stem cell transplantation (SCT) and 92% brentuximab vedotin. RT was given concurrently, before or after ICI in 4, 1 and 7 patients. Median RT dose was 30Gy, for a median duration of 22 days. Median number of ICI administrations was 15. Overall response and CR rate were 100% and 58%. Nine patients received subsequent SCT consolidation (7 allogeneic and 2 autologous). After a median follow-up of 18 months, 92% of patients were in CR. No major concerns about safety were reported. ICI-RT combination appears to be a feasible and highly active bridge treatment to transplant consolidation.

17.
Br J Radiol ; 94(1123): 20210012, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34111959

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficacy of a schedule of low-dose radiotherapy (LDRT) with 4 Gy (2 Gy x 2) in a cohort of unselected MALT or MZL patients. METHODS: We retrospectively collected all patients receiving LDRT, either for cure or palliation, for a stage I-IV histologically proven MALT or MZL between 2016 and 2020. Response to LDRT was evaluated with the Lugano criteria. Local control (LC), distant relapse-free survival (DRFS), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were stratified for treatment intent (curative vs palliative) and estimated by the Kaplan-Meier product-limit. RESULTS: Among 45 consecutively enrolled patients with a median age of 68 years (range 22-86), 26 (58%) were female. Thirty-one patients (69%) with a stage I-II disease received LDRT as first line therapy and with a curative intent. Overall response rate was 93%, with no significant difference among curative and palliative intent. With a median follow-up of 18 months, LC, DRFS, PFS and OS at 2 years were 93, 92, 76 and 91%, respectively, in the overall population. Patients receiving curative LDRT had a better PFS at 2 years (85% vs 54%, p < 0.01) compared to patients receiving palliative treatment. LDRT was well tolerated in all patients, without any significant acute or chronic side-effect. CONCLUSIONS: LDRT is effective and well tolerated in patients affected with MALT or nodal MZL, achieving high response rates and durable remission at 2 years. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: This study shows the efficacy of LDRT in the treatment of MALT and MZL.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/radioterapia , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/mortalidade , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Cuidados Paliativos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
18.
J Pers Med ; 11(5)2021 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34069862

RESUMO

We investigated the role of the selective avoidance of haematopoietically active pelvic bone marrow (BM), with a targeted intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) approach, to reduce acute hematologic toxicity (HT) in anal cancer patients undergoing concurrent chemo-radiation. We designed a one-armed two-stage Simon's design study to test the hypothesis that BM-sparing IMRT would improve by 20% the rate of G0-G2 (vs. G3-G4) HT, from 42% of RTOG 0529 historical data to 62% (α = 0.05; ß = 0.20). A minimum of 21/39 (54%) with G0-G2 toxicity represented the threshold for the fulfilment of the criteria to define this approach as 'promising'. We employed 18FDG-PET to identify active BM within the pelvis. Acute HT was assessed via weekly blood counts and scored as per the Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Effects version 4.0. From December 2017 to October 2020, we enrolled 39 patients. Maximum observed acute HT comprised 20% rate of ≥G3 leukopenia and 11% rate of ≥G3 thrombocytopenia. Overall, 11 out of 39 treated patients (28%) experienced ≥G3 acute HT. Conversely, in 28 patients (72%) G0-G2 HT events were observed, above the threshold set. Hence, 18FDG-PET-guided BM-sparing IMRT was able to reduce acute HT in this clinical setting.

19.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(11)2021 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34070797

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Two previous "Patterns Of Practice" surveys (POP I and POP II), including more than 4000 patients affected by prostate cancer treated with radical external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) between 1980 and 2003, established a "benchmark" Italian data source for prostate cancer radiotherapy. This report (POP III) updates the previous studies. METHODS: Data on clinical management and outcome of 2525 prostate cancer patients treated by EBRT from 2004 to 2011 were collected and compared with POP II and, when feasible, also with POP I. This report provides data on clinical presentation, diagnostic workup, radiation therapy management, and toxicity as collected within the framework of POP III. RESULTS: More than 50% of POP III patients were classified as low or intermediate risk using D'Amico risk categories as in POP II; 46% were classified as ISUP grade group 1. CT scan, bone scan, and endorectal ultrasound were less frequently prescribed. Dose-escalated radiotherapy (RT), intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), image guided radiotherapy (IGRT), and hypofractionated RT were more frequently offered during the study period. Treatment was commonly well tolerated. Acute toxicity improved compared to the previous series; late toxicity was influenced by prescribed dose and treatment technique. Five-year overall survival, biochemical relapse free survival (BRFS), and disease specific survival were similar to those of the previous series (POP II). BRFS was better in intermediate- and high-risk patients treated with ≥ 76 Gy. CONCLUSIONS: This report highlights the improvements in radiotherapy planning and dose delivery among Italian Centers in the 2004-2011 period. Dose-escalated treatments resulted in better biochemical control with a reduction in acute toxicity and higher but acceptable late toxicity, as not yet comprehensively associated with IMRT/IGRT. CTV-PTV margins >8 mm were associated with increased toxicity, again suggesting that IGRT-allowing for tighter margins-would reduce toxicity for dose escalated RT. These conclusions confirm the data obtained from randomized controlled studies.

20.
Neuro Oncol ; 23(10): 1750-1764, 2021 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34050669

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To define efficacy and toxicity of Immunotherapy (IT) with stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT) including radiosurgery (RS) or hypofractionated SRT (HFSRT) for brain metastases (BM) from non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in a multicentric retrospective study from AIRO (Italian Association of Radiotherapy and Clinical Oncology). METHODS: NSCLC patients with BM receiving SRT + IT and treated in 19 Italian centers were analyzed and compared with a control group of patients treated with exclusive SRT. RESULTS: One hundred patients treated with SRT + IT and 50 patients treated with SRT-alone were included. Patients receiving SRT + IT had a longer intracranial Local Progression-Free Survival (iLPFS) (propensity score-adjusted P = .007). Among patients who, at the diagnosis of BM, received IT and had also extracranial progression (n = 24), IT administration after SRT was shown to be related to a better overall survival (OS) (P = .037). A multivariate analysis, non-adenocarcinoma histology, KPS = 70 and use of HFSRT were associated with a significantly worse survival (P = .019, P = .017 and P = .007 respectively). Time interval between SRT and IT ≤7 days (n = 90) was shown to be related to a longer OS if compared to SRT-IT interval >7 days (n = 10) (propensity score-adjusted P = .008). The combined treatment was well tolerated. No significant difference in terms of radionecrosis between SRT + IT patients and SRT-alone patients was observed. The time interval between SRT and IT had no impact on the toxicity rate. CONCLUSIONS: Combined SRT + IT was a safe approach, associated with a better iLPFS if compared to exclusive SRT.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Radiocirurgia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/radioterapia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/radioterapia , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Radiocirurgia/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...