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1.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 22(1): 5, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915059

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe successful therapeutic strategies in statin-induced anti-HMGCR myopathy. METHODS: Retrospective data from a cohort of 55 patients with statin-induced anti-HMGCR myopathy, sequentially stratified by the presence of proximal weakness, early remission, and corticosteroid and IVIG use at treatment induction, were analyzed for optimal successful induction and maintenance of remission strategies. RESULTS: A total of 14 patients achieved remission with a corticosteroid-free induction strategy (25%). In 41 patients treated with corticosteroids, only 4 patients (10%) failed an initial triple steroid/IVIG/steroid-sparing immunosuppressant (SSI) induction strategy. Delay in treatment initiation was independently associated with lower odds of successful maintenance with immunosuppressant monotherapy (OR 0.92, 95% CI 0.85 to 0.97, P = 0.015). While 22 patients (40%) presented with normal strength, only 9 had normal strength at initiation of treatment. CONCLUSION: While corticosteroid-free treatment of anti-HMGCR myopathy is now a safe option in selected cases, initial triple steroid/IVIG/SSI was very efficacious in induction. Delays in treatment initiation and, as a corollary, delays in achieving remission decrease the odds of achieving successful maintenance with an SSI alone. Avoiding such delays, most notably in patients with normal strength, may reset the natural history of anti-HMGCR myopathy from a refractory entity to a treatable disease.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 96(3): e5694, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28099331

RESUMO

The general aim of this study was to evaluate the disease spectrum in patients presenting with a pure polymyositis (pPM) phenotype. Specific objectives were to characterize clinical features, autoantibodies (aAbs), and membrane attack complex (MAC) in muscle biopsies of patients with treatment-responsive, statin-exposed necrotizing autoimmune myositis (NAM). Patients from the Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal autoimmune myositis (AIM) Cohort with a pPM phenotype, response to immunosuppression, and follow-up ≥3 years were included. Of 17 consecutive patients with pPM, 14 patients had a NAM, of whom 12 were previously exposed to atorvastatin (mean 38.8 months). These 12 patients were therefore suspected of atorvastatin-induced AIM (atorAIM) and selected for study. All had aAbs to 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase, and none had overlap aAbs, aAbs to signal recognition particle, or cancer. Three stages of myopathy were recognized: stage 1 (isolated serum creatine kinase [CK] elevation), stage 2 (CK elevation, normal strength, and abnormal electromyogram [EMG]), and stage 3 (CK elevation, proximal weakness, and abnormal EMG). At diagnosis, 10/12 (83%) patients had stage 3 myopathy (mean CK elevation: 7247 U/L). The presenting mode was stage 1 in 6 patients (50%) (mean CK elevation: 1540 U/L), all of whom progressed to stage 3 (mean delay: 37 months) despite atorvastatin discontinuation. MAC deposition was observed in all muscle biopsies (isolated sarcolemmal deposition on non-necrotic fibers, isolated granular deposition on endomysial capillaries, or mixed pattern). Oral corticosteroids alone failed to normalize CKs and induce remission. Ten patients (83%) received intravenous immune globulin (IVIG) as part of an induction regimen. Of 10 patients with ≥1 year remission on stable maintenance therapy, IVIG was needed in 50%, either with methotrexate (MTX) monotherapy or combination immunosuppression. In the remaining patients, MTX monotherapy or combination therapy maintained remission without IVIG. AtorAIM emerged as the dominant entity in patients with a pPM phenotype and treatment-responsive myopathy. Isolated CK elevation was the mode of presentation of atorAIM. The new onset of isolated CK elevation on atorvastatin and persistent CK elevation on statin discontinuation should raise early suspicion for atorAIM. Statin-induced AIM should be included in the differential diagnosis of asymptomatic hyperCKemia. Three patterns of MAC deposition, while nonpathognomonic, were pathological clues to atorAIM. AtorAIM was uniformly corticosteroid resistant but responsive to IVIG as induction and maintenance therapy.


Assuntos
Atorvastatina/efeitos adversos , Doenças Autoimunes/induzido quimicamente , Complexo de Ataque à Membrana do Sistema Complemento/metabolismo , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/efeitos adversos , Polimiosite/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Autoimunes/metabolismo , Doenças Autoimunes/patologia , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/imunologia , Quimioterapia de Indução , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Metilprednisolona/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Polimiosite/tratamento farmacológico , Polimiosite/metabolismo , Polimiosite/patologia
3.
Curr Rheumatol Rev ; 13(2): 158-160, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27502238

RESUMO

The causal link between inherited complement deficiencies and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has been well established, although it remains a rare cause of the disease. We present the case of three biological sisters with hereditary heterozygous C2 deficiency, but who differ widely in their clinical and serological manifestations. Patient 1 is 25 years old and was diagnosed with SLE at the age of 12. Further testing revealed positive ANA and anti-dsDNA, antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) and decreased C2, C3 and C4 levels. Patients 2 and 3 are 21-year-old dizygotic twins. Both have positive ANA and antiphospholipid (APL) antibodies, and decreased C2 and C4 levels. We present a case of familial heterozygous C2 deficiency with different disease phenotypes. The presence of positive APL antibodies in all 3 patients is significant, as this association has been rarely described. The variable clinical and serological manifestations among our patients further reflect the complex and multifactorial nature of SLE.


Assuntos
Complemento C2/deficiência , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Fenótipo , Irmãos , Adulto Jovem
4.
Chest ; 150(5): 1118-1128, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27102182

RESUMO

Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a frequent pulmonary manifestation and an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathy. Myositis-related ILD presents a therapeutic challenge for clinicians, as there are no available guidelines to help with management decisions. This review covers the existing evidence on the pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic management of myositis-related ILD, highlighting the lack of randomized controlled data to guide treatment. Given the absence of existing guidelines to inform treatment decisions, we provide a comprehensive summary, including dosing, side effects, and suggested monitoring of the commonly used immunosuppressive agents and a proposed treatment algorithm based on the existing literature.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/terapia , Miosite/complicações , Algoritmos , Biomarcadores/análise , Diagnóstico por Imagem , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Miosite/diagnóstico
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 93(24): 318-32, 2014 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25500701

RESUMO

Dermatomyositis (DM) is a major clinical subset of autoimmune myositis (AIM). The characteristic DM rash (Gottron papules, heliotrope rash) and perifascicular atrophy at skeletal muscle biopsy are regarded as specific features for this diagnosis. However, new concepts are challenging the current definition of DM. A modified Bohan and Peter classification of AIM was proposed in which the core concept was the inclusion of the diagnostic significance of overlap connective tissue disease features. In this clinical classification, a DM rash in association with myositis in the absence of overlap features indicates a diagnosis of pure DM. However, overlap features in association with myositis allow a diagnosis of overlap myositis (OM), irrespective of the presence or absence of the DM rash. Perifascicular atrophy may be present in both pure DM and OM. Recently, the presence of perifascicular atrophy in myositis without a DM rash was proposed as diagnostic of a novel entity, adermatopathic DM. We conducted the present study to evaluate these new concepts to further differentiate pure DM from OM.Using the modified Bohan and Peter classification, we performed a follow-up study of a longitudinal cohort of 100 consecutive adult French Canadian patients with AIM, including 44 patients with a DM phenotype, defined as a DM rash, and/or DM-type calcinosis, and/or the presence of perifascicular atrophy on muscle biopsy. A detailed evaluation was performed for overlap features, the extent and natural history of the DM rash, adermatopathic DM, DM-specific and overlap autoantibodies by protein A immunoprecipitation on coded serum samples, and associations with cancer and survival.Two distinct subsets were identified in patients with a DM phenotype: pure DM (n = 24) and OM with DM features, or OMDM (n = 20). In pure DM, the DM rash was a dominant finding. It was the first disease manifestation, was always present at the time of myositis diagnosis, and was associated with a high cutaneous score and chronicity. Concurrent heliotrope rash and Gottron papules (positive predictive value [PPV] 91%), as well as the V-sign and/or shawl sign (PPV 100%), were diagnostic of pure DM. Anti-Mi-2, anti-MJ, and anti-p155 autoantibodies were present in 50% of pure DM patients and were restricted to this subset (PPV 100%). Cancer was present in 21% of pure DM patients. The 15-year survival was excellent (92%).In contrast, in patients with OMDM, the first manifestation was proximal muscle weakness or other skeletal muscle-related complaints. The DM rash appeared at diagnosis or at follow-up, was associated with a low cutaneous extent score and was transient. Adermatopathic DM, which was absent in pure DM, was highly predictive (PPV 100%) of OMDM. Overlap autoantibodies (including anti-Jo-1, anti-PL-7, anti-PM-Scl, anti-U1RNP, and/or anti-U5-RNP) were found in 70% of OMDM patients. OMDM was not associated with cancer, but the 15-year survival was significantly decreased (65%).Perifascicular atrophy occurred as commonly in OMDM (n = 6/20, 30%) as in pure DM (n = 4/24, 17%) patients. These 6 OMDM patients had adermatopathic DM at myositis diagnosis, and only 1 of them developed a DM rash at follow-up, emphasizing the lack of specificity of perifascicular atrophy for pure DM.In conclusion, using the modified Bohan and Peter classification of AIM allowed identification of OMDM, a new clinical subset of OM. Furthermore, identification of OMDM allowed recognition of pure DM as a new entity that was distinct from OMDM or from OM without DM features. However, the absolute specificity of a DM rash and perifascicular muscle atrophy for the diagnosis of pure DM was lost. The distinctive clinical manifestations and autoantibody profiles presented are proposed as diagnostic criteria to differentiate pure DM from OMDM.


Assuntos
Dermatomiosite/diagnóstico , Miosite/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Atrofia , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Dermatomiosite/patologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Exantema/diagnóstico , Exantema/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miosite/patologia , Pele/patologia , Adulto Jovem
6.
JAMA ; 311(24): 2490-8, 2014 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25058083

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE: High-dose immunosuppressive therapy and autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) have shown efficacy in systemic sclerosis in phase 1 and small phase 2 trials. OBJECTIVE: To compare efficacy and safety of HSCT vs 12 successive monthly intravenous pulses of cyclophosphamide. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: The Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation International Scleroderma (ASTIS) trial, a phase 3, multicenter, randomized (1:1), open-label, parallel-group, clinical trial conducted in 10 countries at 29 centers with access to a European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation-registered transplant facility. From March 2001 to October 2009, 156 patients with early diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis were recruited and followed up until October 31, 2013. INTERVENTIONS: HSCT vs intravenous pulse cyclophosphamide. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: The primary end point was event-free survival, defined as time from randomization until the occurrence of death or persistent major organ failure. RESULTS: A total of 156 patients were randomly assigned to receive HSCT (n = 79) or cyclophosphamide (n = 77). During a median follow-up of 5.8 years, 53 events occurred: 22 in the HSCT group (19 deaths and 3 irreversible organ failures) and 31 in the control group (23 deaths and 8 irreversible organ failures). During the first year, there were more events in the HSCT group (13 events [16.5%], including 8 treatment-related deaths) than in the control group (8 events [10.4%], with no treatment-related deaths). At 2 years, 14 events (17.7%) had occurred cumulatively in the HSCT group vs 14 events (18.2%) in the control group; at 4 years, 15 events (19%) had occurred cumulatively in the HSCT group vs 20 events (26%) in the control group. Time-varying hazard ratios (modeled with treatment × time interaction) for event-free survival were 0.35 (95% CI, 0.16-0.74) at 2 years and 0.34 (95% CI, 0.16-0.74) at 4 years. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Among patients with early diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis, HSCT was associated with increased treatment-related mortality in the first year after treatment. However, HCST conferred a significant long-term event-free survival benefit. TRIAL REGISTRATION: isrctn.org Identifier: ISRCTN54371254.


Assuntos
Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Esclerodermia Difusa/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Autoenxertos , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Sobrevida
7.
Curr Opin Pulm Med ; 18(5): 447-54, 2012 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22854508

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The primary idiopathic small-vessel vasculitis syndromes include granulomatosis with polyangiitis, Churg-Strauss syndrome, and microscopic polyangiitis. These disorders are commonly referred to as antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitides and prominently affect the pulmonary vasculature. Although significant progress has been made in the management of these disorders, they continue to carry substantial morbidity and mortality as a result of both the underlying vasculitis as well as complications of its immunosuppressive therapy. This review will focus on the recent advances in the management and longitudinal monitoring of ANCA-associated vasculitis. RECENT FINDINGS: Cyclophosphamide and glucocorticoids are standard therapy, but carry measureable risk of treatment-related toxicity. The search for alternative therapies that are less toxic but similarly efficacious is continuing. Recent investigations suggest rituximab may be a well tolerated alternative to cyclophosphamide for the induction of remission, treatment of disease relapse, and as maintenance therapy. SUMMARY: The ANCA-associated vasculitides are a group of disorders that commonly affect the pulmonary vasculature and represent a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge to the pulmonary clinician. Recent findings have expanded our ability to diagnose and treat these disorders with a focus on limiting treatment-related toxicity while inducing and maintaining remission.


Assuntos
Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/tratamento farmacológico , Gerenciamento Clínico , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/diagnóstico , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/uso terapêutico , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Prognóstico , Rituximab , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
PLoS One ; 5(6): e11145, 2010 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20585389

RESUMO

Sepsis results in a profound state of immunosuppression, which is temporally associated with impaired leukocyte function. The mechanism of leukocyte reprogramming in sepsis is incompletely understood. In this study, we explored mechanisms contributing to dysregulated inflammatory cytokine expression by pulmonary macrophages during experimental sepsis. Pulmonary macrophages (PM) recovered from the lungs of mice undergoing cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) display transiently reduced expression of some, but not all innate genes in response to LPS. Impaired expression of TNF-alpha and iNOS was associated with reduced acetylation and methylation of specific histones (AcH4 and H3K4me3) and reduced binding of RNA polymerase II to the promoters of these genes. Transient impairment in LPS-induced cytokine responses in septic PM temporally correlated with induction of IRAK-M mRNA and protein, which occurred in a MyD88-dependent fashion. PM isolated from IRAK-M(-/-) mice were largely refractory to CLP-induced impairment in cytokine expression, chromatin remodeling, recruitment of RNA polymerase II, and induction of histone deacetylase-2 observed during sepsis. Our findings indicate that systemic sepsis induces epigenetic silencing of cytokine gene expression in lung macrophages, and IRAK-M appears to be a critical mediator of this response.


Assuntos
Montagem e Desmontagem da Cromatina/fisiologia , Quinases Associadas a Receptores de Interleucina-1/fisiologia , Pulmão/patologia , Macrófagos/patologia , Sepse/fisiopatologia , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Imunoprecipitação da Cromatina , Primers do DNA , Quinases Associadas a Receptores de Interleucina-1/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Sepse/patologia
9.
Arthritis Rheum ; 58(12): 3902-12, 2008 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19035499

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify in patients with Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) independent markers that predict progression to definite systemic sclerosis (SSc) and to determine in patients with progression to SSc the type and sequence of microvascular damage and its relationship to SSc-specific autoantibodies. METHODS: Consecutive patients referred for evaluation of RP who had no definite connective tissue disease were evaluated for microvascular damage by nailfold capillary microscopy (NCM) and for anticentromere (anti-CENP-B), anti-Th/To, anti-topoisomerase I, and anti-RNA polymerase III (anti-RNAP III) autoantibodies by specific assays. Patients were studied prospectively. RESULTS: Of the 586 patients who were followed up for 3,197 person-years, 74 (12.6%) developed definite SSc. A characteristic sequence of microvascular damage was identified, starting with enlarged capillaries, followed by capillary loss, and then by capillary telangiectases. Definite SSc was diagnosed in close temporal relationship to capillary loss. Enlarged capillaries, capillary loss, and SSc-specific autoantibodies independently predicted definite SSc. Anti-CENP-B and anti-Th/To antibodies predicted enlarged capillaries; these autoantibodies and anti-RNAP III predicted capillary loss. Each autoantibody was associated with a distinct time course of microvascular damage. At followup, 79.5% of patients with 1 of these autoantibodies and abnormal findings on NCM at baseline had developed definite SSc. Patients with both baseline predictors were 60 times more likely to develop definite SSc. The data validated the proposed criteria for early SSc. CONCLUSION: In RP evolving to definite SSc, microvascular damage is dynamic and sequential, while SSc-specific autoantibodies are associated with the course and type of capillary abnormalities. Abnormal findings on NCM at baseline together with an SSc-specific autoantibody indicate a very high probability of developing definite SSc, whereas their absence rules out this outcome.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/sangue , Microvasos/imunologia , Doença de Raynaud/imunologia , Doença de Raynaud/patologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/imunologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/patologia , Adulto , Especificidade de Anticorpos , Árvores de Decisões , Progressão da Doença , Diagnóstico Precoce , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Microvasos/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Doença de Raynaud/classificação , Doença de Raynaud/epidemiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/classificação , Escleroderma Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Adulto Jovem
10.
J Rheumatol ; 33(10): 2088-90, 2006 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16924686

RESUMO

Lupus anticoagulant hypoprothrombinemia syndrome (LAHPS) is a rare disorder characterized by a bleeding tendency due to factor II deficiency associated with the presence of lupus anticoagulant (LAC) autoantibodies. We describe a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus and LAHPS in whom successful treatment of central nervous system bleeding due to severe factor II deficiency was followed by a major thromboembolic complication. Literature review revealed 2 other patients with LAHPS who developed thrombosis resulting from the treatment of factor II deficiency. We suggest that factor II deficiency counterbalances the prothrombotic effect of LAC in LAHPS, and correcting this deficiency may promote thromboembolism.


Assuntos
Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/metabolismo , Hipoprotrombinemias/complicações , Hipoprotrombinemias/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidor de Coagulação do Lúpus/metabolismo , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/metabolismo , Tromboembolia/etiologia , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/diagnóstico , Azatioprina/uso terapêutico , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Central/etiologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Central/terapia , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Hemorragia/etiologia , Hemorragia/terapia , Humanos , Hipoprotrombinemias/diagnóstico , Hipoprotrombinemias/etiologia , Hipoprotrombinemias/metabolismo , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Síndrome
11.
J Inorg Biochem ; 99(4): 912-21, 2005 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15811508

RESUMO

Hypoxic vasodilation involves detection of the oxygen content of blood by a sensor, which rapidly transduces this signal into vasodilatory bioactivity. Current perspectives on the molecular mechanism of this function hold that hemoglobin (Hb) operates as both oxygen sensor and a condition-responsive NO reactor that regulates the dispensing of bioactivity through release of the NO group from the beta-cys93 S-nitroso derivative of Hb, SNO-Hb. A common path to the formation of SNO-Hb involves oxidative transfer of the NO-group from heme to thiol. We have previously reported that the reaction of nitrite with deoxy-Hb, which furnishes heme-Fe(II)NO, represents one attractive route for the formation of SNO-Hb. Recent literature, however, posits that the nitrite-reductase reaction of Hb might produce physiological vasodilatory effects through NO that evades trapping on heme-Fe(II) and may be stored before release as Fe(III)NO. In this article, we briefly review current perspectives in NO biology on the nitrite-reductase reaction of Hb. We report in vitro spectroscopic (UV/Vis, EPR) studies that are difficult to reconcile with suggestions that this reaction either generates a heme-Fe(III)NO reservoir or significantly liberates NO. We further show in bioassay experiments that combinations of nitrite and deoxy-Hb--under conditions that suppress SNO-Hb formation--exhibit no direct vasodilatory activity. These results help underscore the differences between physiological, RBC-regulated, hypoxic vasodilation versus pharmacological effects of exogenous nitrite.


Assuntos
Hemoglobinas/metabolismo , Nitritos/metabolismo , Vasodilatação/fisiologia , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Eritrócitos/metabolismo , Compostos Férricos/química , Compostos Férricos/metabolismo , Compostos Ferrosos/química , Compostos Ferrosos/metabolismo , Heme/química , Heme/metabolismo , Hemoglobinas/química , Nitrito Redutases/metabolismo , Nitritos/química , Nitrosação , Oxigênio/química , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Análise Espectral , Fatores de Tempo
12.
J Rheumatol ; 30(5): 1011-6, 2003 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12734897

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether brief supportive-expressive group psychotherapy might reduce illness-induced interference with valued activities and interests (i.e., illness intrusiveness) among women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in relation to 3 life domains: (1) relationships and personal development (family relationships, other social relationships, self-expression), (2) intimacy (relationship with spouse, sex life), and/or (3) instrumental life (work, finances, active recreation). METHODS: Women with SLE recruited from 9 rheumatology centers were randomly assigned to receive either usual care (n = 66) or a 12 week brief supportive-expressive group psychotherapy followed by 3 monthly booster sessions (n = 58). Standard instruments assessed disease activity and damage, illness intrusiveness, and psychological distress at 4 measurement occasions: (1) pretreatment, (2) posttreatment, (3) 6 month followup, and (4) 12 month followup. RESULTS: Analysis of covariance, controlling for disease activity and household income, indicated that women who received brief supportive-expressive group psychotherapy experienced significant reductions in illness intrusiveness for 2 of 3 domains: (1) relationships and personal development and (2) intimacy. Benefits were evident at 6 and 12 month followups. CONCLUSION: Brief supportive-expressive group psychotherapy facilitates adaptation to SLE by assisting women in reducing illness-induced disruptions into important domains of life experience.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/psicologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/terapia , Psicoterapia de Grupo , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Sintomas Afetivos , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Comportamento Social
13.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 100(2): 461-6, 2003 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12524454

RESUMO

Previous studies of the interactions of NO with human hemoglobin have implied the predominance of reaction channels that alternatively eliminate NO by converting it to nitrate, or tightly complex it on the alpha subunit ferrous hemes. Both channels could effectively quench NO bioactivity. More recent work has raised the idea that NO groups can efficiently transfer from the hemes to cysteine thiols within the beta subunit (cysbeta-93) to form bioactive nitrosothiols. The regulation of NO function, through its chemical position in the hemoglobin, is supported by response to oxygen and to redox agents that modulate the molecular and electronic structure of the protein. In this article, we focus on reactions in which Fe(III) hemes could provide the oxidative requirements of this NO-group transfer chemistry. We report a detailed investigation of the reductive nitrosylation of human met-Hb, in which we demonstrate the production of S-nitroso (SNO)-Hb through a heme-Fe(III)NO intermediate. The production of SNO-Hb is strongly favored (over nitrite) when NO is gradually introduced in limited total quantities; in this situation, moreover, heme nitrosylation occurs primarily within the beta subunits of the hemoglobin tetramer. SNO-Hb can similarly be produced when Fe(II)NO hemes are subjected to mild oxidation. The reaction of deoxygenated hemoglobin with limited quantities of nitrite leads to the production of beta subunit Fe(II)NO hemes, with SNO-Hb produced on subsequent oxygenation. The common theme of these reactions is the effective coupling of heme-iron and NO redox chemistries. Collectively, they establish a connectivity between hemes and thiols in Hb, through which NO is readily dislodged from storage on the heme to form bioactive SNO-Hb.


Assuntos
Heme/metabolismo , Hemoglobinas/biossíntese , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Heme/química , Humanos , Cinética , Oxirredução , Subunidades Proteicas
14.
Ann Behav Med ; 24(2): 88-99, 2002.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12054324

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of Brief Supportive-Expressive Group Psychotherapy as an adjunct to standard medical care in reducing psychological distress, medical symptoms, and health care costs and improving quality of life in women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: A randomized clinical trial was conducted with 133 SLE female patients from 9 clinics across Canada. Clinical and psychosocial measures were taken at baseline, posttreatment, and 6 and 12 months posttreatment. Outcomes assessed were psychological distress, quality of life, disease activity, health service utilization, and diminished productivity. RESULTS: Intention-to-treat analyses revealed that there were no clinically important group differences on any of the outcome measures. CONCLUSION: Although both groups improved over time on several measures (e.g., decreases in psychological distress, stress, and emotion-oriented coping), these changes could not be attributed to the psychotherapeutic intervention. Thus, evidence does not support the referral of these patients to this type of intervention.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo Maior/etiologia , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/terapia , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/psicologia , Psicoterapia de Grupo/métodos , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/reabilitação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Apoio Social , Estados Unidos
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