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2.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 57(3): 399-406, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35031709

RESUMO

Optimal conditioning for adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treated with haploidentical hematopoietic cell transplantation (haplo-HCT) and post-transplant cyclophosphamide has not been established so far. We retrospectively compared outcomes for two myeloablative regimens: fludarabine + total body irradiation (Flu-TBI, n = 117) and thiotepa + iv. busulfan + fludarabine (TBF, n = 119). Patients transplanted either in complete remission (CR) or with active disease were included in the analysis. The characteristics of both groups were comparable except for patients treated with TBF were older. In univariate analysis the incidence of non-relapse mortality (NRM) at 2 years was increased for TBF compared to Flu-TBI (31% vs. 19.5%, p = 0.03). There was a tendency towards reduced incidence of relapse after TBF (p = 0.11). Results of multivariate analysis confirmed a reduced risk of NRM using Flu-TBI (HR = 0.49, p = 0.03). In the analysis restricted to patients treated in CR1 or CR2, the use of Flu-TBI was associated with a decreased risk of NRM (HR = 0.34, p = 0.009) but an increased risk of relapse (HR = 2.59, p = 0.01) without significant effect on survival and graft-versus-host disease. We conclude that for haplo-HCT recipients with ALL, Flu-TBI may be preferable for individuals at high risk of NRM while TBF should be considered in cases at high risk of relapse.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Adulto , Bussulfano/efeitos adversos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/complicações , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tiotepa/efeitos adversos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados , Irradiação Corporal Total/efeitos adversos
3.
Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk ; 22(3): 198-204, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34690088

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with relapsed or refractory classical Hodgkin lymphoma (R/R cHL) have limited opportunities for curative therapy. High-dose therapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (HDT-ASCT) produces cure rates of 50% to 60%. Patients relapsing after, or ineligible for HDT-ASCT have limited therapeutic options and long-term remission is uncommon. Furthermore, few patients are candidate to allogeneic stem cell transplantation (AlSCT), a potentially curative approach. The combination of brentuximab vedotin and bendamustine (BVB) is a promising treatment for patients with R/R cHL, regardless of SCT eligibility. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a real-life study of BVB in 41 patients with R/R cHL after failure of ≥ 1 therapy including ASCT, AlSCT, or BV. RESULTS: Among 40 patients evaluable for efficacy, the overall response rate and complete response (CR) rate were 75% and 50%, respectively. No significant differences were observed between patients with primary refractory and relapsed disease, previously treated with ≤ 2 and ≥ 3 lines of therapy, or BV-exposed and BV-naïve. After a median follow-up of 38 months, the median progression free survival (PFS) for the entire population is 26 months; PFS is not reached, 10.5 months, and 4 months for patients achieving CR, partial response and no response, respectively (P < .0001). BVB was well tolerated and no grade 4 toxicity or new safety signals were observed. The most common treatment-emergent adverse events were infections. CONCLUSION: Our experience supports the efficacy and tolerability of the BVB combination in R/R cHL as a bridge to SCT, or as a definitive therapy for SCT-ineligible patients. Larger comparative studies testing BVB against standards of care are warranted in both settings.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Doença de Hodgkin , Imunoconjugados , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Cloridrato de Bendamustina , Brentuximab Vedotin , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Humanos , Imunoconjugados/efeitos adversos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Transplante Autólogo , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Blood Adv ; 6(1): 327-338, 2022 01 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34644385

RESUMO

Lymphoma represents a heterogeneous hematological malignancy (HM), which is characterized by severe immunosuppression. Patients diagnosed of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) during the course of HM have been described to have poor outcome, with only few reports specifically addressing lymphoma patients. Here, we investigated the clinical behavior and clinical parameters of a large multicenter cohort of adult patients with different lymphoma subtypes, with the aim of identifying predictors of death. The study included 856 patients, of whom 619 were enrolled prospectively in a 1-year frame and were followed-up for a median of 66 days (range 1-395). Patients were managed as outpatient (not-admitted cohort, n = 388) or required hospitalization (n = 468), and median age was 63 years (range 19-94). Overall, the 30- and 100-days mortality was 13% (95% confidence interval (CI), 11% to 15%) and 23% (95% CI, 20% to 27%), respectively. Antilymphoma treatment, including anti-CD20 containing regimens, did not impact survival. Patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma had the more favorable survival, but this was partly related to significantly younger age. The time interval between lymphoma diagnosis and COVID-19 was inversely related to mortality. Multivariable analysis recognized 4 easy-to-use factors (age, gender, lymphocyte, and platelet count) that were associated with risk of death, both in the admitted and in the not-admitted cohort (HR 3.79 and 8.85 for the intermediate- and high-risk group, respectively). Overall, our study shows that patients should not be deprived of the best available treatment of their underlying disease and indicates which patients are at higher risk of death. This study was registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT04352556.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Linfoma , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Linfoma/diagnóstico , Linfoma/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto Jovem
5.
Pharmgenomics Pers Med ; 15: 393-407, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35496349

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia is a malignant disorder of the bone marrow, characterized by differentiation, clonal expansion, and uncontrolled proliferation of malignant myeloid progenitor cells and by several molecular and genetic abnormalities. A mutation of FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 gene can be observed in about one-third of cases of acute myeloid leukemia. Two FLT3 inhibitors are actually approved for FLT3 mutated acute myeloid leukemia: midostaurin, a multikinase first generation inhibitor with lower affinity for FLT3 binding, and gilteritinib fumarate, a potent second-generation inhibitor of both FLT3-ITD and TKD. Gilteritinib is a new effective and well-tolerated drug for patients with relapsing or refractory FLT3-positive acute myeloid leukemia. Thanks to its efficacy, low toxicity, its good manageability (oral formulation), this drug is suitable for all the patients, including elderly frail patient with concomitant therapies or pre-existing or underlying diseases, and can be used also in the outpatient setting, reducing risks and costs related to the hospitalization. We report and discuss seven cases of different patients with FLT3 positive acute myeloid leukemia successfully managed with gilteritinib in the real clinical practice.

6.
Front Oncol ; 12: 826040, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35372079

RESUMO

Digital health tools are increasingly being used in cancer care and may include electronic patient-reported outcome (ePRO) monitoring systems. We examined physicians' perceptions of usability and clinical utility of a digital health tool (GIMEMA-ALLIANCE platform) for ePRO monitoring in the real-life practice of patients with hematologic malignancies. This tool allows for the collection and assessment of ePROs with real-time graphical presentation of results to medical staff. Based on a predefined algorithm, automated alerts are sent to medical staff. Participating hematologists completed an online survey on their experience with the platform. Of the 201 patients invited to participate between December 2020 and June 2021 (cut-off date for current analysis), 180 (90%) agreed to enter the platform and had a median age of 57 years. Twenty-three hematologists with a median age of 42 years and an average of 17 years of experience in clinical practice were surveyed. All hematologists agreed or strongly agreed that the platform was easy to use, and 87%, agreed or strongly agreed that ePROs data were useful to enhance communication with their patients. The majority of physicians (78%) accessed the platform at least once per month to consult the symptom and health status profile of their patients. The frequency of access was independent of physician sex (p=0.393) and years of experience in clinical practice (p=0.404). In conclusion, our preliminary results support the clinical utility, from the perspective of the treating hematologist, of integrating ePROs into the routine cancer care of patients with hematologic malignancies.

7.
J Transl Med ; 19(1): 489, 2021 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34852840

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Overweight and obese patients with solid tumors receiving anti-programmed cell death-1 (PD-1)/PD-ligand-1(PD-L1) immune checkpoint inhibitors exhibit improved survival and higher risk of immune-related adverse events (irAEs) than those with a normal body mass index (BMI). In classic Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL), the impact of BMI on survival and immune-related toxicity is unknown. We evaluated for the first time associations of BMI with survival and irAEs in patients with relapsed/refractory (RR)-cHL undergoing PD-1 blockade. METHODS: Data from a multicenter study on 133 patients treated with the anti-PD1 antibody nivolumab (July 2015-December 2016) were retrieved from a prospective database. Progression-free (PFS), overall survival (OS), incidence and severity of irAEs according to BMI categories were estimated by Kaplan-Meier method, landmark-analyses and Cox regressions. RESULTS: Patients, mostly males (63%, n = 84) with a median age of 35 years (range, 15-82), advanced stage (75%), B symptoms (63%), bulky disease (24%), a median of 4 previous treatments (range, 1-9), received a median of 18 nivolumab doses (range, 1-57). No statistically significant differences across BMI subgroups emerged as to PFS, with 1-year rates of 67.1% for both normal weight (n = 66; 49.6%) and overweight (n = 31; 23.3%) patients. Underweight (n = 12; 9%) and obese (n = 24; 18%) patients had a 1-year PFS of 54.5% and 49%, respectively. In survival analyses, BMI either as a continuous (P = 0.5) or categorical (P for trend = 0.63) variable failed to associate with PFS. Response rates and time-to-response did not cluster in any BMI subset. No BMI-related differences in OS emerged across normal, overweight and obese patients but underweight patients had the worst survival. Occurrence of irAEs of whatever severity did not statistically associate with BMI. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with RR-cHL receiving nivolumab, no statistically significant differences emerged in response rates, PFS and OS across BMI categories of normal weight, overweight and obese. Overweight/obese patients did not display an increased risk of irAEs. The exquisite sensitivity to anti-PD-1 antibodies, the unique cytokine milieu and effector pathways triggered by nivolumab in cHL, may represent biologic 'equalizers' counteracting the immunoregulatory effects of adiposity. Differently from solid tumors, BMI is not associated with treatment efficacy and immune-related toxicity and does not represent a predictive tool for PD-1-targeted immunotherapies in cHL.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos , Doença de Hodgkin , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Doença de Hodgkin/complicações , Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nivolumabe/efeitos adversos , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1 , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
8.
Blood Adv ; 5(21): 4504-4514, 2021 11 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597375

RESUMO

The role of consolidation radiotherapy (RT) for bulky lesions is controversial in patients with advanced-stage Hodgkin lymphoma who achieve complete metabolic response (CMR) after doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, dacarbazine (ABVD)-based chemotherapy. We present the final results of the Fondazione Italiana Linfomi HD0801 trial, which investigated the potential benefit of RT in that setting. In this phase 3 randomized study, patients with a bulky lesion at baseline (a mass with largest diameter ≥5 cm) who have CMR after 2 and 6 ABVD cycles were randomly assigned 1:1 to RT vs observation (OBS) with a primary endpoint of event-free survival (EFS) at 2 years. The sample size was calculated estimating an EFS improvement for RT of 20% (from 60% to 80%). The secondary end point was progression-free survival (PFS). One hundred sixteen patients met the inclusion criteria and were randomly assigned to RT or OBS. Intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis showed a 2-year EFS of 87.8% vs 85.8% for RT vs OBS (hazard ratio [HR], 1.5; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.6-3.5; P = .34). At 2 years, ITT-PFS was 91.3% vs 85.8% (HR, 1.2; 95% CI, 0.5-3; P = .7). Patients in CMR randomly assigned to OBS had a good outcome, and the primary end point of a 20% benefit in EFS for RT was not met. However, the sample size was underpowered to detect a benefit of 10% or less, keeping open the question of a potential, more limited role of RT in this setting. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00784537.


Assuntos
Doença de Hodgkin , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Bleomicina , Dacarbazina/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Hodgkin/radioterapia , Humanos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Vimblastina/uso terapêutico
10.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 677544, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34222373

RESUMO

Aims: Cardio-oncology has achieved a pivotal role in science, but real world data on its clinical impact are still limited. Methods: A questionnaire was sent out to all cardio-oncology services across Italy (n = 120). The questionnaire was made up of 28 questions divided into four blocks: (A) general information on hospitals and service, (B) the inner organization of cardio-oncology and its relationships with out-of-hospital cardiologists and general practitioners, (C) educational needs and referral guidelines, and (D) activities/specific workload. Results: Ninety-six out of 120 (80%) completed the questionnaire; 9.4% were cancer centers while 90.6% were general hospitals. A cardio-oncology team was present in 56% of the cancer centers and in 20% only of general hospitals, and a cardio-oncology pathway was active in 55% of cancer centers and in just 14% of the general hospitals. Relationships with out-of-hospital cardiologists and general practitioners were lacking. The guidelines of reference were ESC and ANMCO/AIOM. Patients receiving anthracycline chemotherapy underwent scheduled monitoring by means of echocardiography in 58% of cases. Routine use of cardiac damage biomarkers was overall low, ranging from 22 to 33% while the use of global longitudinal strain reached 44%. Conclusions: Italian cardio-oncology showed a growing influence on clinical practice but still has room for improvement. Cardio-oncology teams are still scarce, and the application of dedicated paths is poor. The need for specific training has been highlighted.

11.
N Engl J Med ; 384(19): 1810-1823, 2021 05 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33979489

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hairy-cell leukemia (HCL) is a CD20+ indolent B-cell cancer in which a BRAF V600E kinase-activating mutation plays a pathogenetic role. In clinical trials involving patients with refractory or relapsed HCL, the targeting of BRAF V600E with the oral BRAF inhibitor vemurafenib led to a response in 91% of the patients; 35% of the patients had a complete response. However, the median relapse-free survival was only 9 months after treatment was stopped. METHODS: In a phase 2, single-center, academic trial involving patients with refractory or relapsed HCL, we assessed the safety and efficacy of vemurafenib (960 mg, administered twice daily for 8 weeks) plus concurrent and sequential rituximab (375 mg per square meter of body-surface area, administered for 8 doses over a period of 18 weeks). The primary end point was a complete response at the end of planned treatment. RESULTS: Among the 30 enrolled patients with HCL, the median number of previous therapies was 3. A complete response was observed in 26 patients (87%) in the intention-to-treat population. All the patients who had HCL that had been refractory to chemotherapy (10 patients) or rituximab (5) and all those who had previously been treated with BRAF inhibitors (7) had a complete response. Thrombocytopenia resolved after a median of 2 weeks, and neutropenia after a median of 4 weeks. Of the 26 patients with a complete response, 17 (65%) were cleared of minimal residual disease (MRD). Progression-free survival among all 30 patients was 78% at a median follow-up of 37 months; relapse-free survival among the 26 patients with a response was 85% at a median follow-up of 34 months. In post hoc analyses, MRD negativity and no previous BRAF inhibitor treatment correlated with longer relapse-free survival. Toxic effects, mostly of grade 1 or 2, were those that had previously been noted for these agents. CONCLUSIONS: In this small study, a short, chemotherapy-free, nonmyelotoxic regimen of vemurafenib plus rituximab was associated with a durable complete response in most patients with refractory or relapsed HCL. (Funded by the European Research Council and others; HCL-PG03 EudraCT number, 2014-003046-27.).


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Leucemia de Células Pilosas/tratamento farmacológico , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Vemurafenib/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Medula Óssea/patologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasia Residual , Neutropenia/induzido quimicamente , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Recidiva , Indução de Remissão , Rituximab/efeitos adversos , Trombocitopenia/induzido quimicamente , Vemurafenib/efeitos adversos
12.
Oxf Med Case Reports ; 2021(5): omab022, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34055359

RESUMO

The favorable impact of antiviral therapy on low-grade hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma manifesting as marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) has been reported in some clinical studies. However, primary HCV-related marginal zone lymphomas (MZLs) confined to the liver have not been described in the literature nor have the resolution of liver lymphoma through anti-HCV eradication treatment. The authors report a genotype 1b HCV-positive patient with chronic hepatitis who exhibited lesions involving both hepatic lobes resembling hepatocellular carcinoma. Liver biopsy revealed an MZL of the liver. Antiviral treatment using sofosbuvir associated with simeprevir as unique treatment was started and resulted in complete haematological response. In HCV-related MZL isolated to the liver, antiviral treatment has led to the eradication of viral infection and a complete haematological response. Antiviral therapy should be considered as a first-line treatment for HCV-related primary MZLs of the liver.

15.
J Clin Oncol ; 39(11): 1214-1222, 2021 04 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33577377

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To prospectively validate the use of a simplified geriatric assessment (sGA) at diagnosis and to integrate it into a prognostic score for older patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). METHODS: We conducted the prospective Elderly Project study on patients with DLBCL older than 64 years who underwent our Fondazione Italiana Linfomi original geriatric assessment (oGA) (age, Cumulative Illness Rating Scale for Geriatrics, activities of daily living, and instrumental activities of daily living) before treatment. Treatment choice was left to the physician's discretion. The primary end point was overall survival (OS) (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02364050). RESULTS: We analyzed 1,163 patients (median age 76 years), with a 3-year OS of 65% (95% CI, 62 to 68). Because at multivariate analysis on oGA, age > 80 years retained an independent correlation with OS, we also developed a new, simplified version of the GA (sGA) that classifies patients as fit (55%), unfit (28%), and frail (18%) with significantly different 3-year OS of 75%, 58%, and 43%, respectively. The sGA groups, International Prognostic Index, and hemoglobin levels were independent predictors of OS and were used to build the Elderly Prognostic Index (EPI). Three risk groups were identified: low (23%), intermediate (48%), and high (29%), with an estimated 3-year OS of 87% (95% CI, 81 to 91), 69% (95% CI, 63 to 73), and 42% (95% CI, 36 to 49), respectively. The EPI was validated using an independent external series of 328 cases. CONCLUSION: The Elderly Project validates sGA as an objective tool to assess fitness status and defines the new EPI to predict OS of older patients with DLBCL.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Avaliação Geriátrica , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos
16.
Br J Haematol ; 193(2): 280-289, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33476434

RESUMO

Treatment for follicular lymphoma (FL) in the elderly is not well standardized. A phase II, multicentre, single arm trial was conducted in this setting with a brief chemoimmunotherapy regimen. Treatment consisted in four monthly courses of rituximab, bendamustine and mitoxantrone (R-BM) followed by 4 weekly rituximab as consolidation; rituximab maintenance was not applied because the drug was not licensed at the time of enrolment. The primary endpoint was the complete remission rate (CR). Seventy-six treatment-naive FL patients (aged 65-80 and a "FIT" score, according to the Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment) were enrolled. CR was documented in 59/76 patients (78%), partial remission in 12 (16%) and stable/progressive disease in five (6%) with an overall response rate in 71/76 (94%). Median follow-up was 44 months with 3-year progression-free-survival (PFS) and overall-survival of 67% and 92% respectively. Nine deaths occurred, three of progressive disease. The regimen was well tolerated and the most frequent severe toxicity was neutropenia (18% of the cycles). Bcl-2/IGH rearrangement was found in 40/75 (53%) of evaluated patients. R-BM was highly effective in clearing polymerase chain reaction-detectable disease: 29/31 (96%) evaluated patients converted to bcl-2/IGH negativity at the end of treatment. A brief R-BM regimen plus rituximab consolidation is effective and safe in "FIT" elderly, treatment-naïve, FL patients, inducing high CR and molecular remission rates with prolonged PFS.


Assuntos
Cloridrato de Bendamustina/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Mitoxantrona/uso terapêutico , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Cloridrato de Bendamustina/administração & dosagem , Cloridrato de Bendamustina/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia de Consolidação/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/genética , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Masculino , Mitoxantrona/administração & dosagem , Mitoxantrona/efeitos adversos , Gradação de Tumores , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Prospectivos , Indução de Remissão/métodos , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Rituximab/efeitos adversos , Segurança , Inibidores da Topoisomerase II/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Topoisomerase II/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Topoisomerase II/uso terapêutico
17.
Eur J Haematol ; 106(1): 49-57, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32779796

RESUMO

Primary pulmonary lymphoma (PPL) is a rare disease with not well-defined optimal treatment. Outcomes and follow-up are variable in published data. OBJECTIVES: To define the outcome and optimal treatment strategies in PPL. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 49 patients with PPL treated in three Italian Hematological Institutions between 2002 and 2018. RESULTS: Thirty-eight (77.5%) cases were indolent PPL, and 11 (22.5%) cases were aggressive PPL. The majority of patients were asymptomatic at diagnosis, early stages (stages IE-IIE), normal serum LDH, no bone marrow involvement, and low or low-intermediate risks of IPI. Local therapy ± immunotherapy or immuno-chemotherapy was possible in 18/49 (37%) patients. Twenty-eight (57%) patients were treated with immuno-chemotherapy after biopsy. Waiting and watching were reported in 3 (6%) patients. Overall, the CR and ORR were 83.7% and 95.9%. With a median follow-up of 62.5 months (range 0.8-199 months), the estimated 5- and 10-year OS rates were 85% and 72.3% for all patients, 89.2% and 80.3% for indolent PPL, and 70.7% and 47.1% for aggressive PPL. Aggressive PPL tended to have a high risk of progression in the first months (P = .056). No advantages were found for indolent PPL who received immuno-chemotherapy or more conservative approaches. CONCLUSION: Our studies confirm the epidemiological and favorable survival of patients with PPL, suggesting a very conservative approach, particularly in indolent subtypes.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Linfoma/mortalidade , Linfoma/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Terapia Combinada , Gerenciamento Clínico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Linfoma/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Br J Haematol ; 192(1): 119-128, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33085777

RESUMO

A few prospective trials in HIV-positive patients with Burkitt lymphoma (BL) or high-grade B-cell lymphoma (HGBL) have been reported. Investigated therapies have shown good efficacy but relevant safety problems, with high rates of interruptions, severe mucositis, septic complications, and fungal infections. Here, we report the results of a multicentre phase II trial addressing a new dose-dense, short-term therapy aimed at maintaining efficacy and improving tolerability. The experimental programme included a 36-day polychemotherapy induction followed by high-dose cytarabine-based consolidation and response-tailored BEAM (carmustine, etoposide, cyatarabine, and melphalan)- conditioned autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). This therapy would be considered active if ≥11 complete remissions (CR) after induction (primary endpoint) were recorded among 20 assessable patients. HIV-positive adults (median age 42, range 26-58; 16 males) with untreated BL (n = 16), HGBL (n = 3) or double-hit lymphoma (n = 1) were enrolled. All patients had high-risk features, with meningeal and bone marrow infiltration in five and nine patients respectively. The experimental programme was safe and active in a multicentre setting, with only two episodes of grade 4 non-haematological toxicity (hepatotoxicity and mucositis), and no cases of systemic fungal infections; two patients died of toxicity (bacterial infections). Response after induction (median duration: 47 days; interquartile range 41-54), was complete in 13 patients and partial in five [overall response rate = 90%; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 77-100]. All responders received consolidation, and five required autologous stem cell transplant. At a median follow-up of 55 (41-89) months, 14 patients are relapse-free and 15 are alive, with a five-year progression-free survival and an overall survival of 70% (95% CI = 60-80%) and 75% (95% CI = 66-84) respectively. No patient with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)/meningeal lymphoma experienced central nervous system recurrence. With respect to previously reported regimens, this programme was delivered in a shorter period, and achieved the main goal of maintaining efficacy and improving tolerability.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/complicações , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/terapia , Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfoma de Burkitt/terapia , Citarabina/uso terapêutico , Linfoma de Células B/terapia , Adulto , Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Antivirais/administração & dosagem , Antivirais/efeitos adversos , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Linfoma de Burkitt/complicações , Carmustina/administração & dosagem , Carmustina/efeitos adversos , Carmustina/uso terapêutico , Citarabina/administração & dosagem , Citarabina/efeitos adversos , Etoposídeo/administração & dosagem , Etoposídeo/efeitos adversos , Etoposídeo/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Linfoma de Células B/complicações , Masculino , Melfalan/administração & dosagem , Melfalan/efeitos adversos , Melfalan/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transplante Autólogo/efeitos adversos
19.
Nucl Med Commun ; 42(3): 284-291, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33306623

RESUMO

AIM: Although it is not yet used in clinical practice, metabolic tumor volume (MTV) assessed on the baseline FDG-PET has shown consistent prognostic value in various lymphoma types. The aim of our study was to compare interobserver agreement and reproducibility across platforms of MTV calculation using different SUV thresholding methods in a large series of patients with newly diagnosed Hodgkin lymphoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively studied 121 patients. MTV at baseline FDG-PET was independently computed by three readers with three programs of semi-automatic segmentation, Fiji, LifeX, and Accurate. MTV measurement was performed with different thresholds: SUV >2.5, SUV >4, and SUV >41% of SUV max. RESULTS: At inter-observer agreement analysis all Intraclass Correlation Coefficients (ICCs) were excellent (ICC >0.9), except for Accurate SUV >41% of SUV max (ICC = 0.8). The highest correlations were obtained at the SUV >4 threshold. The second best was SUV >2.5 threshold. Regarding reproducibility across software, we found statistically significant differences between Fiji versus LifeX and Accurate at fixed thresholds and between LifeX and Accurate at SUV >41% of SUV max, while no significant differences emerged between LifeX and Accurate using fixed thresholds. CONCLUSION: The three SUV thresholds studied are all suitable for MTV calculation in terms of reproducibility. The best reproducibility is achieved using fixed thresholds, both SUV >4 and SUV >2.5. If more than one software has to be used in a study, we suggest the use of fixed thresholds and the platforms LifeX and Accurate.


Assuntos
Doença de Hodgkin/metabolismo , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Software , Carga Tumoral , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Doença de Hodgkin/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Acta Biomed ; 91(S-5): 30-40, 2020 05 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32525132

RESUMO

For advanced-stage Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), front-line chemotherapy, alone or in combination with radiotherapy, leads to 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) rates and freedom-from-treatment failure (FFTF) rates of 70-85%, regardless of the chemotherapy regimen applied. Patients with HL experiencing disease progression during or within 3 months of front-line therapy (primary refractory) and patients whose disease relapses after a complete response have a second chance of treatment. The standard of care for relapsed or refractory HL is second-line chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT), which can induce long-term remission in approximately 40-50% of patients. However, HL recurrence occurs in about 50% of patients after ASCT, usually within the first year, and represents a significant therapeutic challenge. Allogeneic transplantation from HLA-matched donors represents the standard of care for patients with HL relapsing after- or refractory to ASCT.


Assuntos
Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Hodgkin/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transplante Autólogo , Adulto Jovem
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