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1.
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry ; 90(9): 1027-1038, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31072955

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of the recently proposed diagnostic criteria for chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids (CLIPPERS). METHODS: We enrolled 42 patients with hindbrain punctate and/or linear enhancements (<3 mm in diameter) and tested the CLIPPERS criteria. RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 50 months (IQR 25-82), 13 out of 42 patients were CLIPPERS-mimics: systemic and central nervous system lymphomas (n=7), primary central nervous system angiitis (n=4) and autoimmune gliopathies (n=2). The sensitivity and specificity of the CLIPPERS criteria were 93% and 69%, respectively. Nodular enhancement ( ≥ 3 mm in diameter), considered as a red flag in CLIPPERS criteria, was present in 4 out of 13 CLIPPERS-mimics but also in 2 out of 29 patients with CLIPPERS, explaining the lack of sensitivity. Four out of 13 CLIPPERS-mimics who initially met the CLIPPERS criteria displayed red flags at the second attack with a median time of 5.5 months (min 3, max 18), explaining the lack of specificity. One of these four patients had antimyelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibodies, and the three remaining patients relapsed despite a daily dose of prednisone/prednisolone ≥ 30 mg and a biopsy targeting atypical enhancing lesions revealed a lymphoma. CONCLUSIONS: Our study highlights that (1) nodular enhancement should be considered more as an unusual finding than a red flag excluding the diagnosis of CLIPPERS; (2) red flags may occur up to 18 months after disease onset; (3) as opposed to CLIPPERS-mimics, no relapse occurs when the daily dose of prednisone/prednisolone is ≥ 30 mg; and (4) brain biopsy should target an atypical enhancing lesion when non-invasive investigations remain inconclusive.

2.
Stem Cell Reports ; 12(5): 1159-1177, 2019 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31031189

RESUMO

Anamniotes, rodents, and young humans maintain neural stem cells in the ependymal zone (EZ) around the central canal of the spinal cord, representing a possible endogenous source for repair in mammalian lesions. Cell diversity and genes specific for this region are ill defined. A cellular and molecular resource is provided here for the mouse and human EZ based on RNA profiling, immunostaining, and fluorescent transgenic mice. This uncovered the conserved expression of 1,200 genes including 120 transcription factors. Unexpectedly the EZ maintains an embryonic-like dorsal-ventral pattern of expression of spinal cord developmental transcription factors (ARX, FOXA2, MSX1, and PAX6). In mice, dorsal and ventral EZ cells express Vegfr3 and are derived from the embryonic roof and floor plates. The dorsal EZ expresses a high level of Bmp6 and Gdf10 genes and harbors a subpopulation of radial quiescent cells expressing MSX1 and ID4 transcription factors.

3.
J Neurol ; 266(7): 1743-1755, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31016376

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of atypical inflammatory demyelinating lesions can be difficult. Brain biopsy is often required to exclude neoplasms. Moreover, the relationship between these lesions and multiple sclerosis and NMOSD is not clear. OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to describe radiological and pathological characteristics of patients with acute inflammatory demyelinating lesions. METHODS: We retrospectively identified patients with brain biopsy performed for diagnostic uncertainty revealing a demyelinating lesion. A complete clinical, biological, radiological and pathological analysis was performed. RESULTS: Twenty patients (15 with a single lesion) were included. MRI disclosed a wide range of lesions including infiltrative lesions (40%), ring-like lesion (15%) Baló-like lesion (15%) and acute haemorrhagic leukoencephalitis (20%). In spite of a marked heterogeneity, some findings were common: a peripheral B1000 hyperintense rim (70%), a slight oedema with mild mass effect (75%) and an open-rim peripheral enhancement (75%). Histopathology revealed that all cases featured macrophages distributed throughout, extensive demyelination, axonal preservation and absence of haemorrhagic changes. In the majority of cases, macrophages were the predominant inflammatory infiltrate and astrocytes were reactive and dystrophic. Aquaporin-4 staining was systematically preserved. After a mean follow-up of 5 years (1-12), 16/20 patients had a diagnosis of monophasic acute atypical inflammatory demyelinating lesion. One patient was diagnosed with MS and 3 with AQP4 negative NMOSD. DISCUSSION: Although imaging findings in patients with atypical inflammatory demyelinating lesions are heterogeneous, some common features such as peripheral DWI hyperintense rim with open-rim enhancement and absence of oedema argue in favour of a demyelinating lesion and should preclude a brain biopsy. In this context, AQP4 staining is systematically preserved and argues against an AQP4-positive NMOSD. Moreover, long-term follow-up is characterized by low recurrence rate.

4.
Ann Pathol ; 2019 Mar 07.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30853495

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: PELICAN ("Partager Efficacement en Laboratoire les Informations des Comptes rendus ANatomopathologiques") is a software, which generates standardized reports, and allows to automatically create a database. It has been used in central nervous system tumor pathology at the University Hospital of Nancy since 2014. The purpose of this article was to illustrate the use of this application for meningiomas, with a first statistical evaluation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The export of data included all cases of meningiomas recorded in the PELICAN application until July 2018. The PELICAN application is a Microsoft Excel file containing a software, written in Visual Basic for Applications, and used by the pathologist to create the report. The main clinical data were collected from the Hérault Register census form. Follow-up was systematically reported for atypical meningiomas. RESULTS: Two hundred and ninety-five meningiomas were analyzed, including 250 grade I meningiomas, 42 grade II meningiomas, and 3 grade III meningiomas. Grade II meningiomas were characterized by a significantly higher proportion of men (P=0.002) and dural infiltration (P<0.001), a significant increase in the Ki-67 index (P<0.0001), and a significant decrease in progesterone receptor expression (P<0.001). In atypical meningiomas, a Ki-67 index of more than 20 % was significantly correlated with a shorter progression-free survival (P=0.032). CONCLUSION: The PELICAN software is an easy-to-use tool that allows to generate standardized reports and feed a database, opening very interesting perspectives from an epidemiological and scientific point of view.

5.
J Pathol ; 248(3): 291-303, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30734924

RESUMO

The pathomechanisms that associate a deficit in folate and/or vitamin B12 and the subsequent hyperhomocysteinemia with pathological brain ageing are unclear. We investigated the homocysteinylation of microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) in brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease or vascular dementia, and in rats depleted in folate and vitamin B12, Cd320 KO mice with selective B12 brain deficiency and H19-7 neuroprogenitors lacking folate. Compared with controls, N-homocysteinylated tau and MAP1 were increased and accumulated in protein aggregates and tangles in the cortex, hippocampus and cerebellum of patients and animals. N-homocysteinylation dissociated tau and MAPs from ß-tubulin, and MS analysis showed that it targets lysine residues critical for their binding to ß-tubulin. N-homocysteinylation increased in rats exposed to vitamin B12 and folate deficit during gestation and lactation and remained significantly higher when they became 450 days-old, despite returning to normal diet at weaning, compared with controls. It was correlated with plasma homocysteine (Hcy) and brain expression of methionine tRNAsynthetase (MARS), the enzyme required for the synthesis of Hcy-thiolactone, the substrate of N-homocysteinylation. Experimental inactivation of MARS prevented the N-homocysteinylation of tau and MAP1, and the dissociation of tau and MAP1 from ß-tubulin and PSD95 in cultured neuroprogenitors. In conclusion, increased N-homocysteinylation of tau and MAP1 is a mechanism of brain ageing that depends on Hcy concentration and expression of MARS enzyme. Its irreversibility and cumulative occurrence throughout life may explain why B12 and folate supplementation of the elderly has limited effects, if any, to prevent pathological brain ageing and cognitive decline. Copyright © 2019 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

6.
J Neurooncol ; 2018 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30523606

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma is the most frequent primary malignant brain tumor. In daily practice and at whole country level, oncological care management for glioblastoma patients is not completely known. OBJECTIVES: To describe oncological patterns of care, prognostic factors, and survival for all patients in France with newly-diagnosed and histologically confirmed glioblastoma, and evaluate the impact of extended temozolomide use at the population level. METHODS: Nationwide population-based cohort study including all patients with newly-diagnosed and histologically confirmed glioblastoma in France in 2008 and followed until 2015. RESULTS: Data from 2053 glioblastoma patients were analyzed (male/female ratio 1.5, median age 64 years). Median overall survival (OS) was 11.2 [95% confidence interval (CI) 10.7-11.9] months. The first-line therapy and corresponding median survival (MS, in months) were: 13% did not receive any oncological treatment (biopsy only) (MS = 1.8, 95% CI 1.6-2.1), 27% received treatment without the combination of radiotherapy (RT)-temozolomide (MS = 5.9, 95% CI 5.5-6.6), 60% received treatment including the initiation of the concomitant phase of RT-temozolomide (MS = 16.4, 95% CI 15.2-17.4) whom 44% of patients initiated the temozolomide adjuvant phase (MS = 18.9, 95% CI 18.0-19.8). Only 22% patients received 6 cycles or more of adjuvant temozolomide (MS = 25.5, 95% CI 24.0-28.3). The multivariate analysis showed that the risk of mortality was significantly higher for the non-progressive patients who stopped at 6 cycles (standard protocol) than those who continued the treatment, hazard ratio = 1.5 (95% CI 1.2-1.9). CONCLUSION: In non-progressive patients, prolonging the adjuvant temozolomide beyond 6 cycles may improve OS.

8.
J Mol Diagn ; 20(4): 533-549, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29792937

RESUMO

Myopathies and muscular dystrophies (M-MDs) are genetically heterogeneous diseases, with >100 identified genes, including the giant and complex titin (TTN) and nebulin (NEB) genes. Next-generation sequencing technology revolutionized M-MD diagnosis and revealed high frequency of TTN and NEB variants. We developed a next-generation sequencing diagnostic strategy targeted to the coding sequences of 135 M-MD genes. Comparison of two targeted capture technologies (SeqCap EZ Choice library capture kit and Nextera Rapid Capture Custom Enrichment kit) and of two whole-exome sequencing kits (SureSelect V5 and TruSeq RapidExome capture) revealed best coverage with the SeqCap EZ Choice protocol. A marked decrease in coverage was observed with the other kits, affecting mostly the first exons of genes and the repeated regions of TTN and NEB. Bioinformatics analysis strategy was fine-tuned to achieve optimal detection of variants, including small insertions/deletions (INDELs) and copy number variants (CNVs). Analysis of a cohort of 128 patients allowed the detection of 52 substitutions, 13 INDELs (including a trinucleotide repeat expansion), and 3 CNVs. Two INDELs were localized in the repeated regions of NEB, suggesting that these mutations may be frequent but underestimated. A large deletion was also identified in TTN that is, to our knowledge, the first published CNV in this gene.

9.
J Neurosurg ; : 1-10, 2018 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29676695

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE World Health Organization grade II gliomas are infiltrating tumors that inexorably progress to a higher grade of malignancy. However, the time to malignant transformation is quite unpredictable at the individual patient level. A wild-type isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH-wt) molecular profile has been reported as a poor prognostic factor, with more rapid progression and a shorter survival compared with IDH-mutant tumors. Here, the oncological outcomes of a series of adult patients with IDH-wt, diffuse, WHO grade II astrocytomas (AII) who underwent resection without early adjuvant therapy were investigated. METHODS A retrospective review of patients extracted from a prospective database who underwent resection between 2007 and 2013 for histopathologically confirmed, IDH-wt, non-1p19q codeleted AII was performed. All patients had a minimum follow-up period of 2 years. Information regarding clinical, radiographic, and surgical results and survival were collected and analyzed. RESULTS Thirty-one consecutive patients (18 men and 13 women, median age 39.6 years) were included in this study. The preoperative median tumor volume was 54 cm 3 (range 3.5-180 cm3). The median growth rate, measured as the velocity of diametric expansion, was 2.45 mm/year. The median residual volume after surgery was 4.2 cm3 (range 0-30 cm3) with a median volumetric extent of resection of 93.97% (8 patients had a total or supratotal resection). No patient experienced permanent neurological deficits after surgery, and all patients resumed a normal life. No immediate postoperative chemotherapy or radiation therapy was given. The median clinical follow-up duration from diagnosis was 74 months (range 27-157 months). In this follow-up period, 18 patients received delayed chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy for tumor progression. Five patients (16%) died at a median time from radiological diagnosis of 3.5 years (range 2.6-4.5 years). Survival from diagnosis was 77.27% at 5 years. None of the 21 patients with a long-term follow-up greater than 5 years have died. There were no significant differences between the clinical, radiological, or molecular characteristics of the survivors relative to the patients who died. CONCLUSIONS Huge heterogeneity in the survival data for a subset of 31 patients with resected IDH-wt AII tumors was observed. These findings suggest that IDH mutation status alone is not sufficient to predict risk of malignant transformation and survival at the individual level. Therefore, the therapeutic management of AII tumors, in particular the decision to administer early adjuvant chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy following surgery, should not solely rely on routine molecular markers.

10.
Brain Pathol ; 2018 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29679497

RESUMO

We investigated the challenging diagnostic case of a ventricular cystic glioneuronal tumor with papillary features, by RNA sequencing using the Illumina TruSight RNA Fusion panel. We did not retrieve the SLC44A1-PRKCA fusion gene specific for papillary glioneuronal tumor, but an EWSR1-PATZ1 fusion transcript. RT-PCR followed by Sanger sequencing confirmed the EWSR1-PATZ1 fusion. It matched with canonic EWSR1 fusion oncogene, juxtaposing the entire N-terminal transcriptional activation domain of EWSR1 gene and the C-terminal DNA binding domain of a transcription factor gene, PATZ1. PATZ1 protein belongs to the BTB-ZF (broad-complex, tramtrack and bric-à-brac -zinc finger) family. It directly regulates Pou5f1 and Nanog and is essential to maintaining stemness by inhibiting neural differentiation. EWSR1-PATZ1 fusion is a rare event in tumors: it was only reported in six round cell sarcomas and in three gliomas of three exclusively molecular studies. The first reported glioma was a BRAFV600E negative ganglioglioma, the second a BRAFV600E negative glioneuronal tumor, not otherwise specified and the third, very recently reported, a high grade glioma, not otherwise specified. In our study, forty BRAFV600E negative gangliogliomas were screened by FISH using EWSR1 break-apart probes. We performed methylation profiling for the index case and for seven out of the ten FISH positive cases. The index case clustered apart from other pediatric low grade glioneuronal entities, and specifically from the well-defined ganglioglioma methylation group. An additional pediatric intraventricular ganglioglioma clustered slightly more closely with ganglioglioma, but showed differences from the main ganglioglioma group and similarities with the index case. Both cases harbored copy number variations at the PATZ1 locus. EWSR1-PATZ1 gene fusion might define a new type of glioneuronal tumors, distinct from gangliogliomas.

11.
J Neuroimmunol ; 307: 14-17, 2017 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28495131

RESUMO

Rebound of disease activity in multiple sclerosis patients after natalizumab withdrawal is a potentially life-threatening event. To verify whether highly destructive inflammation after natalizumab withdrawal is associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) reactivation in central nervous system infiltrating B-lineage cells and cytotoxic immunity, we analyzed post-mortem brain tissue from a patient who died during a fulminating MS relapse following natalizumab withdrawal. Numerous EBV infected B cells/plasma cells and CD8+ T cells infiltrated all white matter lesions; the highest frequency of EBV lytically infected cells and granzyme B+ CD8+ T cells was observed in actively demyelinating lesions. These results may encourage switching to B-cell depleting therapy after natalizumab discontinuation.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Fatores Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Esclerose Múltipla/tratamento farmacológico , Esclerose Múltipla/patologia , Natalizumab/efeitos adversos , Síndrome de Abstinência a Substâncias/virologia , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Linfócitos B/virologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/imunologia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/virologia , Feminino , Granzimas/metabolismo , Herpesvirus Humano 4/imunologia , Humanos , Proteínas Imediatamente Precoces/genética , Proteínas Imediatamente Precoces/metabolismo , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Esclerose Múltipla/diagnóstico por imagem , Esclerose Múltipla/imunologia , Glicoproteína Mielina-Oligodendrócito/metabolismo , Plasmócitos/metabolismo , Plasmócitos/virologia , Recidiva , Síndrome de Abstinência a Substâncias/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome de Abstinência a Substâncias/patologia , Transativadores
12.
Neuro Oncol ; 19(5): 678-688, 2017 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28453747

RESUMO

Background: Anaplastic gangliogliomas (GGGs) are rare tumors whose natural history is poorly documented. We aimed to define their clinical and imaging features and to identify prognostic factors. Methods: Consecutive cases of anaplastic GGGs in adults prospectively entered into the French Brain Tumor Database between March 2004 and April 2014 were screened. After diagnosis was confirmed by pathological review, clinical, imaging, therapeutic, and outcome data were collected retrospectively. Results: Forty-three patients with anaplastic GGG (median age, 49.4 y) from 18 centers were included. Presenting symptoms were neurological deficit (37.2%), epileptic seizure (37.2%), or increased intracranial pressure (25.6%). Typical imaging findings were unifocal location (94.7%), contrast enhancement (88.1%), central necrosis (43.2%), and mass effect (47.6%). Therapeutic strategy included surgical resection (95.3%), adjuvant radiochemotherapy (48.8%), or radiotherapy alone (27.9%). Median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 8.0 and 24.7 months, respectively. Three- and 5-year tumor recurrence rates were 69% and 100%, respectively. The 5-year survival rate was 24.9%. Considering unadjusted significant prognostic factors, tumor midline crossing and frontal location were associated with shorter OS. Temporal and parietal locations were associated with longer and shorter PFS, respectively. None of these factors remained statistically significant in multivariate analysis. Conclusions: We report a large series providing clinical, imaging, therapeutic, and prognostic features of adult patients treated for an intracerebral anaplastic GGG. Our results show that pathological diagnosis is difficult, that survivals are only slightly better than for glioblastomas, and that complete surgical resection followed with adjuvant chemoradiotherapy offers longer survival.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Terapia Combinada/mortalidade , Ganglioglioma/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias Encefálicas/terapia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Ganglioglioma/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
13.
J Neurooncol ; 133(1): 37-45, 2017 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28434111

RESUMO

Diffuse low-grade gliomas (DLGG) prognosis is variable, depending on several factors, including the isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) mutation and the 1p19q codeletion. A few studies suggested associations between these parameters and tumor radiological characteristics including topography. Our aim was analyzing the correlations between the IDH and 1p19q statuses and the tumor intracerebral distribution (at the lobar and voxel levels), volume, and borders. We conducted a retrospective, monocentric study on a consecutive series of 198 DLGG patients. The IDH and 1p19q statuses were recorded. The pre-treatment magnetic resonance FLAIR imagings were reviewed for determination of lobar topography, tumor volume, and characterisation of tumor borders (sharp or indistinct). We conducted a voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping analysis to investigate the correlations between the IDH and 1p19q statuses and topography at the voxel level. The IDH mutation and 1p19q statuses were correlated with the tumor topography defined using lobar anatomy (p < 0.001 and p = 0.004, respectively). Frontal tumors were more frequently IDH-mutant (87.1 vs. 57.4%) and 1p19q codeleted (45.2 vs. 17.0%) than temporo-insular lesions. At the voxel level, these associations were not found. Tumors with sharp borders were more frequently IDH-mutant (p = 0.001) while tumors with indistinct borders were more frequently IDH wild-type and 1p19q non-codeleted (p < 0.001). Larger tumors at diagnosis (possibly linked to a slower growth rate) were more frequently IDH-mutant (p < 0.001). IDH wild-type, 1p19q non-codeleted temporo-insular tumors are distinct from IDH-mutant, 1p19q codeleted frontal tumors. Further studies are needed to determine whether the therapeutic strategy should be adapted to each pattern.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Deleção Cromossômica , Cromossomos Humanos Par 19 , Cromossomos Humanos Par 1 , Glioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Isocitrato Desidrogenase/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Encéfalo/cirurgia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/cirurgia , Feminino , Glioma/genética , Glioma/cirurgia , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Gradação de Tumores , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carga Tumoral , Adulto Jovem
14.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; 109: 51-62, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28010898

RESUMO

The origins of diffuse low-grade gliomas (DLGG) are unknown. Beyond some limited data on their temporal and cellular origins, the mechanisms and risk factors involved are poorly known. First, based on strong relationships between DLGG development and the eloquence of brain regions frequently invaded by these tumors, we propose a "functional theory" to explain the origin of DLGG. Second, the biological pathways involved in DLGG genesis may differ according to tumor location (anatomo-molecular correlations). The cellular and molecular mechanisms of such "molecular theory" will be reviewed. Third, the geographical distribution of diffuse WHO grade II-III gliomas within populations is heterogeneous, suggesting possible environmental risk factors. We will discuss this "environmental theory". Finally, we will summarize the current knowledge on genetic susceptibility in gliomas ("genetic predisposition theory"). These crucial issues illustrate the close relationships between the pathophysiology of gliomagenesis, the anatomo-functional organization of the brain, and personalized management of DLGG patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/etiologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Glioma/etiologia , Glioma/patologia , Humanos , Gradação de Tumores
15.
J Am Acad Dermatol ; 76(3): 478-487, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27742172

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hair collar sign (HCS) and hair tuft of the scalp (HTS) are cutaneous signs of an underlying neuroectodermal defect, but most available data are based on case reports. OBJECTIVE: We sought to define the clinical spectrum of HCS and HTS, clarify the risk for underlying neurovascular anomalies, and provide imaging recommendations. METHODS: A 10-year multicenter retrospective and prospective analysis of clinical, radiologic, and histopathologic features of HCS and HTS in pediatric patients was performed. RESULTS: Of the 78 patients included in the study, 56 underwent cranial and brain imaging. Twenty-three of the 56 patients (41%) had abnormal findings, including the following: (1) cranial/bone defect (30.4%), with direct communication with the central nervous system in 28.6%; (2) venous malformations (25%); or (3) central nervous system abnormalities (12.5%). Meningeal heterotopia in 34.6% (9/26) was the most common neuroectodermal association. Sinus pericranii, paraganglioma, and combined nevus were also identified. LIMITATIONS: The partial retrospective design and predominant recruitment from the dermatology department are limitations of this study. CONCLUSIONS: Infants with HCS or HTS are at high risk for underlying neurovascular anomalies. Magnetic resonance imaging scans should be performed in order to refer the infant to the appropriate specialist for management.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Coristoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Cabelo/anormalidades , Meninges , Crânio/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/anormalidades , Reações Falso-Negativas , Reações Falso-Positivas , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Imagem Multimodal , Placa Neural , Neuroimagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Couro Cabeludo/patologia , Crânio/anormalidades , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores , Veias/anormalidades
17.
Hematol Oncol ; 35(4): 487-496, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27966264

RESUMO

Primary central nervous system diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (PCNS-DLBCL) is a rare and aggressive type of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) whit poorly understood pathogenesis. Finding biomarkers associated with patient survival may be important for understanding its physiopathology and to develop new therapeutic approaches. We investigated 32 PCNS-DLBCL from immunocompetent patients for BCL2, CMYC, LMO2, and P53 expression and for cytogenetic aberrations of BCL2, BCL6, and MYC genes, all known for their prognostic value in systemic DLBCL (s-DLBCL). We analyzed PD1 and PDL1 protein expression in both tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and tumor cells. Finally, we searched for correlation between biological data and clinical course. The PCNS-DLBCL expressed BCL2, CMYC, LMO2, and P53 at similar frequency than s-DLBCL but without significant prognostic on survival. None cases harbored aberrations involving BCL2 and MYC gene whereas BCL6 abnormalities were present in 20.7% of cases but without value on survival. Expression of PD1 in TILs and PDL1 in tumor cells was observed at higher rates than in s-DLBCL (58% and 37%, respectively). The PD1 expression in TILs correlated with PDL1 expression in tumor cells (P = .001). Presence of PD1 positive TILs was associated with poorer overall survival (P = .011). Patients with PDL1 overexpression tended to better response to chemotherapy (P = .23). In conclusion PCNS-DLBCL pathogenesis differs from s-DLBCL without prognostic value of the phenotypic and cytogenetic parameters known for their pejorative impact in the latter. The PD1/PDL1 pathway plays a strong role in PCNS-DLBCL and represents an attractive target for this aggressive lymphoma.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
J Neurooncol ; 131(3): 525-546, 2017 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27853959

RESUMO

Primary central nervous system tumors (PCNST) are rare tumors responsible for high mortality and morbidity. Their epidemiology is poorly known, and clinical data are scarcely analyzed at a national level. In this study, we aimed at providing descriptive epidemiological data and incidence rates for all histological subtypes of PCNST according to the WHO classification. We conducted a nationwide population-based study of all newly diagnosed and histologically confirmed PCNST in France, between 2006 and 2011. A total of 57,816 patients were included: male 46.4%, median age at diagnosis 56 years old (range 0-99). For all newly diagnosed PCNST with histological confirmation the crude incidence rate was 15.5/105 per 100,000 person-years. To enable international comparisons, standardized rates were calculated: 14.1/105 (population of reference: USA), 14.5/105 (population of reference: Europe), and 12.0/105 (population of reference: world). 23.4% of samples were cryopreserved. Resection was performed in 79.1% of cases. Results are detailed (incidence rate, sex ratio, median age at diagnosis, number of cryopreserved samples, and type of surgery) for each of the 143 histological subtypes of PCNST, including all rare tumors. For example, incidence rates (population of reference: USA) were 0.018/105 for anaplastic gangliogliomas, 0.054/105 for malignant meningiomas, and 0.036/105 for hemangiopericytomas. Our study is the first to describe incidence rates and epidemiological data for all histological subtypes of PCNST, including rare tumors, at a national level. Its methodology ensures the exhaustiveness of the data collection for histologically-proven cases. Histological population-based studies have many perspectives in the field of clinical epidemiology and research.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
19.
J Clin Oncol ; 34(25): 3023-30, 2016 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27382093

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is an inflammatory myeloid neoplasia with a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations and outcomes in children. The somatic BRAF(V600E) mutation occurs frequently, but clinical significance remains to be determined. PATIENTS AND METHODS: BRAF(V600E) mutation was investigated in a French LCH cohort. We analyzed associations between mutation status and clinical presentation, extent of disease, reactivation rate, response to therapy, and long-term permanent sequelae. RESULTS: Among 315 patients with successfully determined BRAF status, 173 (54.6%) carried a BRAF(V600E) mutation. Patients with BRAF(V600E) manifested more severe disease than did those with wild-type BRAF. Patients with BRAF(V600E) comprised 87.8% of patients (43 of 49) with multisystem LCH with risk organ involvement (liver, spleen, hematology), 68.6% of patients (35 of 51) with multisystem LCH without risk organ involvement, 43.9% of patients (86 of 196) with single-system LCH, and 42.1% of patients (8 of 19) with lung-involved LCH (P < .001). BRAF(V600E) mutation was also associated with organ involvement that could lead to permanent, irreversible damage, such as neurologic (75%) and pituitary (72.9%) injuries. Compared with patients with wild-type BRAF, patients with BRAF(V600E) more commonly displayed resistance to combined vinblastine and corticosteroid therapy (21.9% v 3.3%; P = .001), showed a higher reactivation rate (5-year reactivation rate, 42.8% v 28.1%; P = .006), and had more permanent, long-term consequences from disease or treatment (27.9% v 12.6%; P = .001). CONCLUSION: In children with LCH, BRAF(V600E) mutation was associated with high-risk features, permanent injury, and poor short-term response to chemotherapy. Further population-based studies should be undertaken to confirm our observations and to assess the impact of BRAF inhibitors for this subgroup of patients who may benefit from targeted therapy.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/tratamento farmacológico , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/genética , Mutação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Adolescente , Corticosteroides/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/enzimologia , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/epidemiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/antagonistas & inibidores , Sistema de Registros , Vimblastina/administração & dosagem
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