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1.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 262: 101-104, 2019 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31349276

RESUMO

Tuberculosis (TB) represents a global challenge in terms of prevention, care and control. Decision support systems (DSS) can supply the necessary knowledge basis to underpin investigators, policy makers and health personnel actions and to provide crucial elements that can help reducing TB burden. Thus, the objectives of this work are to present the protocol to be followed for carrying out a scoping review to identify topics where DSSs are used, to define appropriate categories and to clarify main outcomes and research gaps. As part of the protocol, five electronic bibliographic databases will be searched for articles from 2006 to 2019 and two investigators will independently screen each work using the study inclusion criteria. Data extraction will be performed, and findings will be reported. The results will be used to provide a broad understanding of how DSSs for TB are being used.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Apoio a Decisões Clínicas , Tuberculose , Assistência à Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Pesquisadores , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto , Tuberculose/terapia
2.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 262: 264-267, 2019 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31349318

RESUMO

Data sharing, information exchange, knowledge acquisition and health intelligence are the basis of an efficient and effective evidence-based decision-making tool. A decentralized blockchain architecture is a flexible solution that can be adapted to institutional and managerial culture of organizations and services. Blockchain can play a fundamental role in enabling data sharing within a network and, to achieve that, this work defines the high-level resources necessary to apply this technology to Tuberculosis related issues. Thus, relying in open-source tools and in a collaborative development approach, we present a proposal of a blockchain based network, the TB Network, to underpin an initiative of sharing of Tuberculosis scientific, operational and epidemiologic data between several stakeholders across Brazilian cities.


Assuntos
Segurança Computacional , Tuberculose , Brasil , Confidencialidade , Humanos , Disseminação de Informação
3.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 262: 292-295, 2019 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31349325

RESUMO

Mental health indicators are essential for monitoring people's mental health status, developing mental health policies, and evaluating the performance of such policies. The aim of this paper is to describe the development of a web-based tool for mental health indicators capable to support the management of Brazilian mental health care networks. The SISAM is a web information system responsible for management and provision of mental health information in Brazil and it was chosen as the use case of this study. The indicators were developed as a decision support web tool for public health managers. The tool is able to calculate 11 indicators related to inpatient care. A descriptive analysis of all indicators is presented using SISAM data from 2017. The results generated by the tool are promising and could provide improvements on care monitoring, evaluation of possible trends and investments in prevention and promotion in mental health care.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde , Internet , Transtornos Mentais , Saúde Mental , Brasil , Política de Saúde , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico , Transtornos Mentais/terapia
4.
Health Informatics J ; 25(2): 350-360, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28612646

RESUMO

Doctors, nurses, and other healthcare professionals use software that affects the patients. Directly Observed Treatment, Short-course is the name given to the tuberculosis control strategy recommended by the World Health Organization. The main goal of this work is to propose a protocol for evaluating the impact of healthcare software supporting Directly Observed Treatment, Short-course on patients, healthcare professionals, and services. The proposed protocol consists of a set of instruments and steps. The instruments are reliable and validated existing questionnaires to be applied before and after using the software tool. The literature points out the need for standards on the software assessment. This is particularly critical when software affects patients directly. The present protocol is a universal tool to assess the impact of software used to support the fight against the tragedy of tuberculosis where a rigorous evaluation of IT in healthcare is highly recommended and of great importance.

5.
J Med Syst ; 42(6): 113, 2018 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29737418

RESUMO

Assessment of health information systems consider different aspects of the system itself. They focus or on the professional who will use the software or on its usability or on the software engineering metrics or on financial and managerial issues. The existent approaches are very resources consuming, disconnected, and not standardized. As the software becomes more critical in the health organizations and in patients, becoming used as a medical device or a medicine, there is an urgency to identify tools and methods that can be applied in the development process. The present work is one of the steps of a broader study to identify standardized protocols to evaluate the health information systems as medicines and medical devices are evaluated by clinical trials. The goal of the present work was to evaluate the effect of the introduction of an information system for monitoring tuberculosis treatment (SISTB) in a Brazilian municipality from the patients' perspective. The Patient Satisfaction Questionnaire and the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems were answered by the patients before and after the SISTB introduction, for comparison. Patients from an outpatient clinic, formed the control group, that is, at this site was not implanted the SISTB. Descriptive statistics and mixed effects model were used for data analysis. Eighty-eight interviews were conducted in the study. The questionnaire's results presented better averages after the system introduction but were not considered statistically significant. Therefore, it was not possible to associate system implantation with improved patient satisfaction. The HIS evaluation need be complete, the technical and managerial evaluation, the safety, the impact on the professionals and direct and/or indirect impact on patients are important. Developing the right tools and methods that can evaluate the software in its entirety, from the beginning of the development cycle with a normalized scale, are needed.


Assuntos
Antituberculosos/administração & dosagem , Protocolos Clínicos , Sistemas de Informação em Saúde/organização & administração , Satisfação do Paciente , Tuberculose/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial , Antituberculosos/uso terapêutico , Brasil , Terapia Diretamente Observada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Melhoria de Qualidade , Projetos de Pesquisa , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Desenho de Programas de Computador
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28053659

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Regional networking between services that provide mental health care in Brazil's decentralized public health system is challenging, partly due to the simultaneous existence of services managed by municipal and state authorities and a lack of efficient and transparent mechanisms for continuous and updated communication between them. Since 2011, the Ribeirao Preto Medical School and the XIII Regional Health Department of the Sao Paulo state, Brazil, have been developing and implementing a web-based information system to facilitate an integrated care throughout a public regional mental health care network. CASE PRESENTATION: After a profound on-site analysis, the structure of the network was identified and a web-based information system for psychiatric admissions and discharges was developed and implemented using a socio-technical approach. An information technology team liaised with mental health professionals, health-service managers, municipal and state health secretariats and judicial authorities. Primary care, specialized community services, general emergency and psychiatric wards services, that comprise the regional mental healthcare network, were identified and the system flow was delineated. The web-based system overcame the fragmentation of the healthcare system and addressed service specific needs, enabling: detailed patient information sharing; active coordination of the processes of psychiatric admissions and discharges; real-time monitoring; the patients' status reports; the evaluation of the performance of each service and the whole network. During a 2-year period of operation, it registered 137 services, 480 health care professionals and 4271 patients, with a mean number of 2835 accesses per month. To date the system is successfully operating and further expanding. CONCLUSION: We have successfully developed and implemented an acceptable, useful and transparent web-based information system for a regional mental healthcare service network in a medium-income country with a decentralized public health system. Systematic collaboration between an information technology team and a wide range of stakeholders is essential for the system development and implementation.

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