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1.
Blood ; 135(4): 274-286, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31738823

RESUMO

Pediatric large B-cell lymphomas (LBCLs) share morphological and phenotypic features with adult types but have better prognosis. The higher frequency of some subtypes such as LBCL with IRF4 rearrangement (LBCL-IRF4) in children suggests that some age-related biological differences may exist. To characterize the genetic and molecular heterogeneity of these tumors, we studied 31 diffuse LBCLs (DLBCLs), not otherwise specified (NOS); 20 LBCL-IRF4 cases; and 12 cases of high-grade B-cell lymphoma (HGBCL), NOS in patients ≤25 years using an integrated approach, including targeted gene sequencing, copy-number arrays, and gene expression profiling. Each subgroup displayed different molecular profiles. LBCL-IRF4 had frequent mutations in IRF4 and NF-κB pathway genes (CARD11, CD79B, and MYD88), losses of 17p13 and gains of chromosome 7, 11q12.3-q25, whereas DLBCL, NOS was predominantly of germinal center B-cell (GCB) subtype and carried gene mutations similar to the adult counterpart (eg, SOCS1 and KMT2D), gains of 2p16/REL, and losses of 19p13/CD70. A subset of HGBCL, NOS displayed recurrent alterations of Burkitt lymphoma-related genes such as MYC, ID3, and DDX3X and homozygous deletions of 9p21/CDKN2A, whereas other cases were genetically closer to GCB DLBCL. Factors related to unfavorable outcome were age >18 years; activated B-cell (ABC) DLBCL profile, HGBCL, NOS, high genetic complexity, 1q21-q44 gains, 2p16/REL gains/amplifications, 19p13/CD70 homozygous deletions, and TP53 and MYC mutations. In conclusion, these findings further unravel the molecular heterogeneity of pediatric and young adult LBCL, improve the classification of this group of tumors, and provide new parameters for risk stratification.

3.
Blood ; 134(24): 2159-2170, 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31562134

RESUMO

Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) is a heterogeneous group of mature T-cell malignancies; approximately one-third of cases are designated as PTCL-not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS). Using gene-expression profiling (GEP), we have previously defined 2 major molecular subtypes of PTCL-NOS, PTCL-GATA3 and PTCL-TBX21, which have distinct biological differences in oncogenic pathways and prognosis. In the current study, we generated an immunohistochemistry (IHC) algorithm to identify the 2 subtypes in paraffin tissue using antibodies to key transcriptional factors (GATA3 and TBX21) and their target proteins (CCR4 and CXCR3). In a training cohort of 49 cases of PTCL-NOS with corresponding GEP data, the 2 subtypes identified by the IHC algorithm matched the GEP results with high sensitivity (85%) and showed a significant difference in overall survival (OS) (P = .03). The IHC algorithm classification showed high interobserver reproducibility among pathologists and was validated in a second PTCL-NOS cohort (n = 124), where a significant difference in OS between the PTCL-GATA3 and PTCL-TBX21 subtypes was confirmed (P = .003). In multivariate analysis, a high International Prognostic Index score (3-5) and the PTCL-GATA3 subtype identified by IHC were independent adverse predictors of OS (P = .0015). Additionally, the 2 IHC-defined subtypes were significantly associated with distinct morphological features (P < .001), and there was a significant enrichment of an activated CD8+ cytotoxic phenotype in the PTCL-TBX21 subtype (P = .03). The IHC algorithm will aid in identifying the 2 subtypes in clinical practice, which will aid the future clinical management of patients and facilitate risk stratification in clinical trials.

4.
Blood ; 134(10): 788-789, 2019 09 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488455
5.
Blood ; 134(15): 1238-1246, 2019 10 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31331918

RESUMO

Patients with advanced-stage Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) demonstrated excellent 2-year progression-free survival (PFS) after receiving positron emission tomography (PET)-adapted therapy on SWOG S0816. Patients received 2 cycles of doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD). Patients achieving complete response (CR) on PET scan following cycle 2 of ABVD (PET2) continued 4 additional cycles of ABVD. Patients not achieving CR on PET2 were switched to escalated bleomycin, etoposide, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, procarbazine, and prednisone (eBEACOPP) for 6 cycles. After a median follow-up of 5.9 years, a subset of 331 eligible patients with central review of PET2 was analyzed. PET2 was negative in 82% and positive in 18%. For all patients, the estimated 5-year PFS and OS was 74% (95% confidence interval [CI], 69%-79%) and 94% (95% CI, 91%-96%), respectively. For PET2- and PET2+ patients, the 5-year PFS was 76% (95% CI, 70%-81%) and 66% (95% CI, 52%-76%), respectively. Seven (14%) and 6 (2%) patients reported second cancers after treatment with eBEACOPP and ABVD, respectively (P = .001). Long-term OS of HL patients treated on S0816 remains high. Nearly 25% of PET2- patients experienced relapse events, demonstrating limitations ABVD therapy and of the negative predictive value of PET2. In PET2+ patients who received eBEACOPP, PFS was favorable, but was associated with a high rate of second malignancies compared with historical controls. Our results emphasize the importance of long-term follow-up, and the need for more efficacious and less toxic therapeutic approaches for advanced-stage HL patients. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00822120.

7.
Int J Cancer ; 145(11): 3078-3088, 2019 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31044434

RESUMO

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is up to 17-fold more likely to occur, follows a more aggressive clinical course and frequently presents at advanced stages in HIV infected (+) individuals compared to HIV negative (-) individuals. However, the molecular pathology underpinning the clinical features of DLBCL in HIV(+) patients relative to the general population is poorly understood. We performed a retrospective study examining the transcriptional, genomic and protein expression differences between HIV(+) and HIV(-) germinal center B-cell (GCB) DLBCL cases using digital gene expression analysis, array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) and immunohistochemistry (IHC). Genes associated with cell cycle progression (CCNA2, CCNB1, CDC25A, E2F1), DNA replication (MCM2, MCM4, MCM7) and DNA damage repair, including eight Fanconi anemia genes (FANCA, FANCD1/BRCA2, FANCE, FANCG, FANCR/RAD51, FANCS/BRCA1, FANCT/UBE2T, FANCV/MAD2L2), were significantly increased in HIV(+) GCB-DLBCL tumors compared to HIV(-) tumors. In contrast, genes associated with cell cycle inhibition (CDKN1A, CDKN1B) as well as apoptosis regulating BCL2 family members (BCL2, BAX, BIM, BMF, PUMA) were significantly decreased in the HIV(+) cohort. BCL2 IHC confirmed this expression. Array CGH data revealed that HIV(+) GCB-DLBCL tumors have fewer copy number variations than their HIV(-) counterparts, indicating enhanced genomic stability. Together, the results show that HIV(+) GCB-DLBCL is a distinct molecular malignancy from HIV(-) GCB-DLBCL; with an increased proliferative capacity, confirmed by Ki67 IHC staining, and enhanced genomic stability, the latter of which is likely related to the enhanced expression of DNA repair genes.


Assuntos
Reparo do DNA , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Instabilidade Genômica , Infecções por HIV/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Hibridização Genômica Comparativa , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Blood Cancer J ; 9(6): 48, 2019 05 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31097684

RESUMO

Precision medicine is modernizing strategies for clinical study design to help improve diagnoses guiding individualized treatment based on genetic or phenotypic characteristics that discriminate between patients with similar clinical presentations. Methodology to personalize treatment choices is being increasingly employed in clinical trials, yielding favorable correlations with improved response rates and survival. In patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), disease characteristics and outcomes may vary widely, underscoring the importance of patient classification through identification of sensitive prognostic features. The discovery of distinct DLBCL molecular subtypes based on cell of origin (COO) is redefining the prognosis and treatment of this heterogeneous cancer. Owing to significant molecular and clinical differences between activated B-cell-like (ABC)- and germinal center B-cell-like (GCB)-DLBCL subtypes, COO identification offers opportunities to optimize treatment selection. Widespread adoption of COO classification would greatly improve treatment and prognosis; however, limitations in interlaboratory concordance between immunohistochemistry techniques, cost, and availability of gene expression profiling tools undermine universal integration in the clinical setting. With advanced methodology to determine COO in a real-world clinical setting, therapies targeted to specific subtypes are under development. The focus here is to review applications of precision medicine exemplified by COO determination in DLBCL patients.

9.
Blood ; 133(15): 1664-1676, 2019 04 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30782609

RESUMO

Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) is a group of complex clinicopathological entities, often associated with an aggressive clinical course. Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) and PTCL-not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS) are the 2 most frequent categories, accounting for >50% of PTCLs. Gene expression profiling (GEP) defined molecular signatures for AITL and delineated biological and prognostic subgroups within PTCL-NOS (PTCL-GATA3 and PTCL-TBX21). Genomic copy number (CN) analysis and targeted sequencing of these molecular subgroups revealed unique CN abnormalities (CNAs) and oncogenic pathways, indicating distinct oncogenic evolution. PTCL-GATA3 exhibited greater genomic complexity that was characterized by frequent loss or mutation of tumor suppressor genes targeting the CDKN2A /B-TP53 axis and PTEN-PI3K pathways. Co-occurring gains/amplifications of STAT3 and MYC occurred in PTCL-GATA3. Several CNAs, in particular loss of CDKN2A, exhibited prognostic significance in PTCL-NOS as a single entity and in the PTCL-GATA3 subgroup. The PTCL-TBX21 subgroup had fewer CNAs, primarily targeting cytotoxic effector genes, and was enriched in mutations of genes regulating DNA methylation. CNAs affecting metabolic processes regulating RNA/protein degradation and T-cell receptor signaling were common in both subgroups. AITL showed lower genomic complexity compared with other PTCL entities, with frequent co-occurring gains of chromosome 5 (chr5) and chr21 that were significantly associated with IDH2 R172 mutation. CN losses were enriched in genes regulating PI3K-AKT-mTOR signaling in cases without IDH2 mutation. Overall, we demonstrated that novel GEP-defined PTCL subgroups likely evolve by distinct genetic pathways and provided biological rationale for therapies that may be investigated in future clinical trials.


Assuntos
Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/genética , Oncogenes , Feminino , Fator de Transcrição GATA3/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Linfadenopatia Imunoblástica/genética , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/classificação , Masculino , Mutação , Proteínas com Domínio T/genética
10.
Blood ; 133(16): 1762-1765, 2019 04 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30723079

RESUMO

Serum soluble chemokines/cytokines produced by Hodgkin cells and the tumor microenvironment might be of value as biomarkers in classic Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL). We assessed serum thymus and activation-related chemokine (TARC), macrophage-derived chemokine (MDC), interleukin-10 (IL-10), and soluble CD163 (sCD163) levels at baseline, time of interim fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET), and after therapy in cHL patients treated on S0816, an intergroup phase 2 response-adapted study evaluating escalated therapy for interim PET (PET2)-positive patients (www.clinicaltrials.gov #NCT00822120). Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) status was assessed, and 559 serum samples were evaluated for TARC, MDC, IL-10, and sCD163 by immunoassay. EBV positivity correlated with higher sCD163 and IL-10 levels but lower TARC levels. While baseline biomarker levels were not associated with outcome, sCD163 levels at the time of PET2 were associated with favorable progression-free survival (PFS), adjusting for PET2 status. After therapy TARC, MDC, and IL-10 correlated with PFS and overall survival (OS) on univariable analysis, which remained significant adjusting for international prognostic score. When also adjusting for end-of-therapy PET results, TARC and IL-10 remained significantly associated with shorter PFS and OS. Exploratory analysis in PET2-negative patients showed that elevated posttherapy TARC and IL-10 levels were associated with PFS. Serum cytokine levels correlate with outcome in cHL and should be investigated further in risk-adapted cHL trials.


Assuntos
Quimiocinas/sangue , Doença de Hodgkin/sangue , Adulto , Antígenos CD/sangue , Antígenos de Diferenciação Mielomonocítica/sangue , Quimiocina CCL17/sangue , Quimiocina CCL22/sangue , Feminino , Doença de Hodgkin/diagnóstico , Doença de Hodgkin/mortalidade , Doença de Hodgkin/terapia , Humanos , Interleucina-10 , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Prognóstico , Receptores de Superfície Celular/sangue , Análise de Sobrevida , Terapêutica/métodos
11.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 60(8): 1934-1941, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30628511

RESUMO

Phase II data suggest a benefit to autotransplantation for aggressive T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (T-NHL) in first remission; randomized trials have yet to validate this. We performed a retrospective analysis of aggressive T-NHL patients in the intergroup randomized consolidative autotransplant trial (SWOG 9704). Of the 370 enrolled, 40 had T-NHL: 12 were not randomized due to ineligibility (n = 1), choice (n = 2), or progression (n = 9), leaving 13 randomized to control and 15 to autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). Two ASCT patients refused transplant and one failed mobilization. The 5-year landmark PFS/OS estimates for ASCT vs. control groups were 40% vs. 38% (p = .56), and 40% vs. 45% (p = .98), respectively. No difference was seen based on IPI, or histologic subtype. Only 1/7 receiving BCNU-based therapy survived vs. 4/5 receiving TBI. Aggressive T-NHL autotransplanted in first remission did not appear to benefit from consolidative ASCT. This and the 30% who dropped out pre-randomization mostly to progression, suggests that improved induction regimens be developed.

12.
Blood ; 133(1): 81-93, 2019 01 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30446494

RESUMO

Although recent advances in molecular genetics have enabled improved risk classification of follicular lymphoma (FL) using, for example, the m7-FLIPI score, the impact on treatment has been limited. We aimed to assess the prognostic significance of copy-number aberrations (CNAs) and copy-neutral loss of heterozygosity (cnLOH) identified by chromosome genomic-array testing (CGAT) at FL diagnosis using prospectively collected clinical trial specimens from 255 patients enrolled in the SWOG study S0016. The impact of genomic aberrations was assessed for early progression (progressed or died within 2 years after registration), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). We showed that increased genomic complexity (ie, the total number of aberration calls) was associated with poor outcome in FL. Certain chromosome arms were critical for clinical outcome. Prognostic CNAs/cnLOH were identified: whereas early progression was correlated with 2p gain (P = .007; odds ratio [OR] = 2.55 [1.29, 5.03]) and 2p cnLOH (P = .005; OR = 10.9 [2.08, 57.2]), 2p gain specifically encompassing VRK2 and FANCL predicted PFS (P = .01; hazard ratio = 1.80 [1.14, 2.68]) as well as OS (P = .005; 2.40 [1.30, 4.40]); CDKN2A/B (9p) deletion correlated with worse PFS (P = .004, 3.50 [1.51, 8.28]); whereas CREBBP (16p) (P < .001; 6.70 [2.52, 17.58]) and TP53 (17p) (P < .001; 3.90 [1.85, 8.31]) deletion predicted worse OS. An independent cohort from the m7-FLIPI study was explored, and the prognostic significance of aberration count, and TP53 and CDKN2A/B deletion were further validated. In conclusion, assessing genomic aberrations at FL diagnosis with CGAT improves risk stratification independent of known clinical parameters, and provides a framework for development of future rational targeted therapies.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Genômica/métodos , Perda de Heterozigosidade , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Folicular/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
13.
Br J Haematol ; 184(4): 616-624, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30095158

RESUMO

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is still considered incurable and the course of the disease is highly variable. Established risk factors include the Mantle Cell Lymphoma International Prognostic Index (MIPI) and the quantification of the proliferation rate of the tumour cells, e.g. by Ki-67 immunohistochemistry. In this study, we aimed to validate the prognostic value of the gene expression-based MCL35 proliferation assay in patient cohorts from randomized trials of the European Mantle Cell Lymphoma Network. Using this assay, we analysed the gene expression proliferation signature in routine diagnostic lymph node specimens from MCL Younger and MCL Elderly trial patients, and the calculated MCL35 score was used to assign MCL patients to low (61%), standard (27%) or high (12%) risk groups with significantly different outcomes. We confirm here in our prospective clinical trial cohort of MCL patients, that the MCL35 assay is strongly prognostic, providing additional information to the Ki-67 index and the MIPI. Thus, this robust assay may assist in making treatment decisions or in devising risk-adapted prospective clinical trials in the future.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Linfoma de Célula do Manto , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos/metabolismo , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/genética , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/metabolismo , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
14.
Semin Hematol ; 56(1): 46-51, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30573044

RESUMO

Molecular profiling of lymphoma samples has contributed enormously to our understanding of disease biology leading to detailed descriptions of diagnostic categories. These studies have also helped the field to recognize different subtypes of disease, different diseases that share similar cellular pathway perturbations, different immune responses, and different prognostic groups. While nearly all of these discoveries were made using unfixed, snap-frozen materials, with few exceptions, clinical biopsy materials are comprised of formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues. Here, we describe the impact of molecular profiling on the field of lymphoma, the challenges associated with using FFPE tissues for downstream molecular diagnostic testing, the various molecular profiling techniques, and also provide an example of the clinical application of a molecular profiling test of lymphoma using FFPE tissues.


Assuntos
Linfoma/patologia , Inclusão em Parafina/métodos , Fixação de Tecidos/métodos , Humanos
15.
Best Pract Res Clin Haematol ; 31(3): 187-198, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30213388

RESUMO

The aggressive B-cell lymphomas are a diverse collection of cancers grouped together based on clinical behavior and derivation from B lymphocytes. Genomic analyses on these tumours are now translating into improved classification systems and identification of underpinning targetable biology. Simple karyotyping revealed key translocations involving MYC, BCL2, and BCL6 that have impacted lymphoma classification in the World Health Organization classification scheme. Subsequently, gene expression profiling identified molecular subgroups within the most common lymphoma, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL): activated B-cell-like and germinal centre B-cell-like. Finally, next generation sequencing has revealed a modest number of frequently mutated genes and a long list of infrequent mutations. The mutational landscapes involve diverse genes associated with dysregulated signalling, epigenetic modification, blockade of cellular differentiation, and immune evasion. These mutational "signatures" are enriched in the different aggressive lymphoma subtypes impacting phenotypes and identifying therapeutic targets. Challenges to implementing genomic assays into clinical practice remain.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B , Epigênese Genética/imunologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Proteínas de Neoplasias , Translocação Genética , Evasão Tumoral , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Linfócitos B/patologia , Centro Germinativo/imunologia , Centro Germinativo/patologia , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/imunologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/imunologia
16.
Blood ; 132(22): 2401-2405, 2018 11 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30257882

RESUMO

Primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (PMBCL) is recognized as a distinct entity in the World Health Organization classification. Currently, the diagnosis relies on consensus of histopathology, clinical variables, and presentation, giving rise to diagnostic inaccuracy in routine practice. Previous studies have demonstrated that PMBCL can be distinguished from subtypes of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) based on gene expression signatures. However, requirement of fresh-frozen biopsy material has precluded the transfer of gene expression-based assays to the clinic. Here, we developed a robust and accurate molecular classification assay (Lymph3Cx) for the distinction of PMBCL from DLBCL subtypes based on gene expression measurements in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue. A probabilistic model accounting for classification error, comprising 58 gene features, was trained on 68 cases of PMBCL and DLBCL. Performance of the model was subsequently evaluated in an independent validation cohort of 158 cases and showed high agreement of the Lymph3Cx molecular classification with the clinicopathological diagnosis of an expert panel (frank misclassification rate, 3.8%). Furthermore, we demonstrate reproducibility of the assay with 100% concordance of subtype assignments at 2 independent laboratories. Future studies will determine Lymph3Cx's utility for routine diagnostic purposes and therapeutic decision making.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma não Hodgkin/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Mediastino/diagnóstico , Estudos de Coortes , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/classificação , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Linfoma não Hodgkin/classificação , Linfoma não Hodgkin/genética , Neoplasias do Mediastino/classificação , Neoplasias do Mediastino/genética , Mediastino/patologia , Inclusão em Parafina
17.
Br J Haematol ; 183(2): 225-234, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30080252

RESUMO

Patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) generally have a dismal prognosis. Intensified induction treatment with rituximab and high dose cytarabine (R_HDAC), and consolidation with high-dose therapy with autologous stem cell support has resulted in 10-year overall survival (OS) higher than 60%. However, the clinical course varies. Diagnostic tools capable of stratifying patients include the MCL International Prognostic Index (MIPI), gene expression-based proliferation signature, Ki-67 proliferation index or tumour cell morphology. Here, we tested the performance of a newly developed Nanostring-based RNA expression-based proliferation assay (MCL35) on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumour tissue from younger patients recruited in or treated according to Nordic MCL protocols compared to the prognosticators listed above. Seventy-four patients were included and the assay performed well in all cases except four, which had inadequate RNA quality. The patients were evenly distributed in the MCL35 low-, intermediate- and high-risk categories. MCL35 low- and intermediate- risk groups had overlapping progression-free survival (PFS), while patients in the high-risk category had significantly inferior PFS. Combining MCL35 with MIPI or the MIPI-C (MIPI with the addition of binary Ki67 score +/-30%) showed a better discrimination than either assessment alone. In conclusion, the MCL35 assay alone or combined with MIPI or MIPI-C scores can identify patients who still have a dismal outcome despite intensified treatment.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Biópsia , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , RNA Neoplásico/genética , Fatores de Risco
18.
Nature ; 560(7718): 387-391, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29925955

RESUMO

B cell receptor (BCR) signalling has emerged as a therapeutic target in B cell lymphomas, but inhibiting this pathway in diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) has benefited only a subset of patients1. Gene expression profiling identified two major subtypes of DLBCL, known as germinal centre B cell-like and activated B cell-like (ABC)2,3, that show poor outcomes after immunochemotherapy in ABC. Autoantigens drive BCR-dependent activation of NF-κB in ABC DLBCL through a kinase signalling cascade of SYK, BTK and PKCß to promote the assembly of the CARD11-BCL10-MALT1 adaptor complex, which recruits and activates IκB kinase4-6. Genome sequencing revealed gain-of-function mutations that target the CD79A and CD79B BCR subunits and the Toll-like receptor signalling adaptor MYD885,7, with MYD88(L265P) being the most prevalent isoform. In a clinical trial, the BTK inhibitor ibrutinib produced responses in 37% of cases of ABC1. The most striking response rate (80%) was observed in tumours with both CD79B and MYD88(L265P) mutations, but how these mutations cooperate to promote dependence on BCR signalling remains unclear. Here we used genome-wide CRISPR-Cas9 screening and functional proteomics to determine the molecular basis of exceptional clinical responses to ibrutinib. We discovered a new mode of oncogenic BCR signalling in ibrutinib-responsive cell lines and biopsies, coordinated by a multiprotein supercomplex formed by MYD88, TLR9 and the BCR (hereafter termed the My-T-BCR supercomplex). The My-T-BCR supercomplex co-localizes with mTOR on endolysosomes, where it drives pro-survival NF-κB and mTOR signalling. Inhibitors of BCR and mTOR signalling cooperatively decreased the formation and function of the My-T-BCR supercomplex, providing mechanistic insight into their synergistic toxicity for My-T-BCR+ DLBCL cells. My-T-BCR supercomplexes characterized ibrutinib-responsive malignancies and distinguished ibrutinib responders from non-responders. Our data provide a framework for the rational design of oncogenic signalling inhibitors in molecularly defined subsets of DLBCL.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/metabolismo , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Complexos Multiproteicos/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Biópsia , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Carcinogênese/genética , Desenho de Drogas , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Camundongos , Complexos Multiproteicos/química , Mutação , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/genética , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Proteômica , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Pirazóis/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos B/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos B/genética , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/antagonistas & inibidores , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Receptor Toll-Like 9/genética , Receptor Toll-Like 9/metabolismo , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
19.
Blood ; 132(4): 413-422, 2018 07 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29769262

RESUMO

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is an aggressive B-cell malignancy, but some patients have a very indolent evolution. This heterogeneous course is related, in part, to the different biological characteristics of conventional MCL (cMCL) and the distinct subgroup of leukemic nonnodal MCL (nnMCL). Robust criteria to distinguish these MCL subtypes and additional biological parameters that influence their evolution are not well defined. We describe a novel molecular assay that reliably distinguishes cMCL and nnMCL using blood samples. We trained a 16-gene assay (L-MCL16 assay) on the NanoString platform using 19 purified leukemic samples. The locked assay was applied to an independent cohort of 70 MCL patients with leukemic presentation. The assay assigned 37% of cases to nnMCL and 56% to cMCL. nnMCL and cMCL differed in nodal presentation, lactate dehydrogenase, immunoglobulin heavy chain gene mutational status, management options, genomic complexity, and CDKN2A/ATM deletions, but the proportion with 17p/TP53 aberrations was similar in both subgroups. Sequential samples showed that assay prediction was stable over time. nnMCL had a better overall survival (OS) than cMCL (3-year OS 92% vs 69%; P = .006) from the time of diagnosis and longer time to first treatment. Genomic complexity and TP53/CDKN2A aberrations predicted for shorter OS in the entire series and cMCL, whereas only genomic complexity was associated with shorter time to first treatment and OS in nnMCL. In conclusion, the newly developed assay robustly recognizes the 2 molecular subtypes of MCL in leukemic samples. Its combination with genetic alterations improves the prognostic evaluation and may provide useful biological information for management decisions.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Leucemia/genética , Leucemia/patologia , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/genética , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/patologia , Mutação , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genômica , Humanos , Leucemia/classificação , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/classificação , Masculino , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida
20.
N Engl J Med ; 378(15): 1396-1407, 2018 04 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29641966

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCLs) are phenotypically and genetically heterogeneous. Gene-expression profiling has identified subgroups of DLBCL (activated B-cell-like [ABC], germinal-center B-cell-like [GCB], and unclassified) according to cell of origin that are associated with a differential response to chemotherapy and targeted agents. We sought to extend these findings by identifying genetic subtypes of DLBCL based on shared genomic abnormalities and to uncover therapeutic vulnerabilities based on tumor genetics. METHODS: We studied 574 DLBCL biopsy samples using exome and transcriptome sequencing, array-based DNA copy-number analysis, and targeted amplicon resequencing of 372 genes to identify genes with recurrent aberrations. We developed and implemented an algorithm to discover genetic subtypes based on the co-occurrence of genetic alterations. RESULTS: We identified four prominent genetic subtypes in DLBCL, termed MCD (based on the co-occurrence of MYD88L265P and CD79B mutations), BN2 (based on BCL6 fusions and NOTCH2 mutations), N1 (based on NOTCH1 mutations), and EZB (based on EZH2 mutations and BCL2 translocations). Genetic aberrations in multiple genes distinguished each genetic subtype from other DLBCLs. These subtypes differed phenotypically, as judged by differences in gene-expression signatures and responses to immunochemotherapy, with favorable survival in the BN2 and EZB subtypes and inferior outcomes in the MCD and N1 subtypes. Analysis of genetic pathways suggested that MCD and BN2 DLBCLs rely on "chronic active" B-cell receptor signaling that is amenable to therapeutic inhibition. CONCLUSIONS: We uncovered genetic subtypes of DLBCL with distinct genotypic, epigenetic, and clinical characteristics, providing a potential nosology for precision-medicine strategies in DLBCL. (Funded by the Intramural Research Program of the National Institutes of Health and others.).


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Heterogeneidade Genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Mutação , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Biópsia , Epigênese Genética , Exoma , Genótipo , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/classificação , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Transcriptoma
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