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1.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34855640

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The emergence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) as the leading chronic liver disease worldwide raises some concerns. In particular, NAFLD is closely tied to sedentary lifestyle habits and associated with other metabolic diseases, such as obesity and diabetes. At the end of the disease spectrum, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) may progress to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), representing a serious health problem to modern society. Recently, an increasing number of HCC cases originating from this progressive disease spectrum have been identified, with different levels of severity and complications. Updating the current guidelines by placing a bigger focus on this emerging cause and highlighting some of its unique features is necessary. Since, the drivers of the disease are complex and multifactorial, in order to improve future outcomes, having a better understanding of NASH progression into HCC may be helpful. The risks that can promote disease progression and currently available management strategies employed to monitor and treat NASH-related HCC make up the bulk of this review.

2.
Clin Mol Hepatol ; 2021 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34839623

RESUMO

Background/Aims: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is closely associated with metabolic dysfunction. Among the multiple factors, genetic variation acts as important modifiers. Klotho, an enzyme encoded by the klotho (KL) gene in human, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of metabolic dysfunctions. However, the impact of variants in KL on NAFLD risk remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of KL rs495392 C>A polymorphism on the histological severity of NAFLD. Methods: We evaluated the impact of the KL rs495392 polymorphism on liver histology in 531 Chinese with NAFLD and replicated that in the population-based Rotterdam Study cohort. The interactions between the rs495392 and vitamin D and patatin-like phospholipase domain containing 3 (PNPLA3) rs738409 polymorphism were also analyzed. Results: Carriage of the rs495392 A allele had a protective effect on steatosis severity (OR = 0.61, 95% CI: 0.42 - 0.89, P = 0.010) in Chinese patients. After adjustment for potential confounders, the A allele remained significant with a protective effect (OR = 0.66, 95% CI: 0.45 - 0.98, P = 0.040). The effect on hepatic steatosis was confirmed in the Rotterdam Study cohort. Additional analysis showed the association between serum vitamin D levels and NAFLD specifically in rs495392 A allele carriers, but not in non-carriers. Moreover, we found that the rs495392 A allele attenuated the detrimental impact of PNPLA3 rs738409 G allele on the risk of severe hepatic steatosis. Conclusions: The KL rs495392 polymorphism has a protective effect against hepatic steatosis in patients with NAFLD.

3.
Turk J Gastroenterol ; 32(9): 758-764, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34609305

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Caspase-cleaved K18 (cK18) may accurately reflect hepatocyte apoptosis in patients with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). However, NASH can also exist within the normal range of cK18. The aim of this study was to investigate the risk factors and characteristics of NASH within the normal serum levels of cK18. METHODS: In the study, 227 histopathologically confirmed non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients with normal cK18 levels (≤200 U/L), measured in serum using ELISA kits, were enrolled. The Rs738409 allele, coding patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 3 (PNPLA3), was detected by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis was defined as an NAFLD activity score (NAS) ≥5 with each part >0. RESULTS: The prevalence of NASH was 31.7% among NAFLD patients with normal serum cK18 levels. Compared with non-NASH, NASH had a higher possibility of occurrence with central obesity, insulin resistance, and the G allele of PNPLA3. The mean serum levels of total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) were higher in NASH patients. Moreover, ALT, AST, TC, LDL-C, central obesity, and the PNPLA3 G allele were risk factors for NASH in NAFLD patients with normal serum cK18 levels, with odds ratios of 1.01 (95% CI: 1.00, 1.02), 1.03 (95% CI: 1.01, 1.05), 1.33 (95% CI: 1.04, 1.68), 1.41 (95% CI: 1.03, 1.92), 2.19 (95% CI: 1.15, 4.18), and 2.48 (95% CI: 1.15, 5.36), respectively; all P < .05. CONCLUSIONS: The major risk factors for NASH were central obesity, AST, and the PNPLA3 G allele, in NAFLD with low hepatocyte apoptosis.

4.
Br J Nutr ; : 1-8, 2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34176541

RESUMO

Sarcopenic obesity is regarded as a risk factor for the progression and development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Since male sex is a risk factor for NAFLD and skeletal muscle mass markedly varies between the sexes, we examined whether sex influences the association between appendicular skeletal muscle mass to visceral fat area ratio (SVR), that is, an index of skeletal muscle mass combined with abdominal obesity, and the histological severity of NAFLD. The SVR was measured by bioelectrical impedance in a cohort of 613 (M/F = 443/170) Chinese middle-aged individuals with biopsy-proven NAFLD. Multivariable logistic regression and subgroup analyses were used to test the association between SVR and the severity of NAFLD (i.e. non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) or NASH with the presence of any stage of liver fibrosis). NASH was identified by a NAFLD activity score ≥5, with a minimum score of 1 for each of its categories. The presence of fibrosis was classified as having a histological stage ≥1. The SVR was inversely associated with NASH in men (adjusted OR 0·62; 95 % CI 0·42, 0·92, P = 0·017 for NASH, adjusted OR 0·65; 95 % CI 0·43, 0·99, P = 0·043 for NASH with the presence of fibrosis), but not in women (1·47 (95 % CI 0·76, 2·83), P = 0·25 for NASH, and 1·45 (95 % CI 0·74, 2·83), P = 0·28 for NASH with the presence of fibrosis). There was a significant interaction for sex and SVR (Pinteraction = 0·017 for NASH and Pinteraction = 0·033 for NASH with the presence of fibrosis). Our findings show that lower skeletal muscle mass combined with abdominal obesity is strongly associated with the presence of NASH only in men.

5.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 36(10): 2925-2934, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34031913

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) plays a role in lipid metabolism, and by increasing hepatic oxidative stress and inflammation, the upregulation of CYP2E1 is involved in development of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). We aimed to explore the relationship between CYP2E1-333A>T (rs2070673) and the histological severity of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: We studied 438 patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD. NASH was defined as NAFLD Activity Score ≥ 5 with existence of steatosis, ballooning, and lobular inflammation. CYP2E1-333A>T (rs2070673) was genotyped by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry. Serum cytokines related to inflammation were measured by the Bio-plex 200 system to investigate possible mediating factors involved in the process. RESULTS: The TA genotype of rs2070673 had a higher prevalence of moderate/severe lobular inflammation (27.6% vs 20.3% vs 13.3%, P < 0.01) and NASH (55.7% vs 42.4% vs 40.5%, P < 0.01) compared with the AA and TT genotypes, respectively. In multivariable regression modeling, the heterozygote state TA was associated with moderate/severe lobular inflammation (adjusted odds ratio: 2.31, 95% confidence interval 1.41-3.78, P < 0.01) or NASH (adjusted odds ratio: 1.82, 95% confidence interval 1.22-2.69, P < 0.01), independently of age, sex, common metabolic risk factors, and presence of liver fibrosis. Compared with no-NASH, NASH patients had significantly higher levels of serum interleukin-1 receptor antagonist, interleukin-18, and interferon-inducible protein-10 (IP-10), whereas only IP-10 was increased with the rs2070673 TA variant (P = 0.01). Mediation analysis showed that IP-10 was responsible for ~60% of the association between the rs2070672 and NASH. CONCLUSIONS: The TA allele of rs2070673 is strongly associated with lobular inflammation and NASH, and this effect appears to be largely mediated by serum IP-10 levels.

6.
J Clin Transl Hepatol ; 9(2): 194-202, 2021 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34007801

RESUMO

Background and Aims: In Europeans, variants in the hydroxysteroid 17-beta dehydrogenase 13 (HSD17B13) gene impact liver histology in metabolic-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD). The impact of these variants in ethnic Chinese is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential associations in Chinese patients. Methods: In total, 427 Han Chinese with biopsy-confirmed MAFLD were enrolled. Two single nucleotide polymorphisms in HSD17B13 were genotyped: rs72613567 and rs6531975. Logistic regression was used to test the association between the single nucleotide polymorphisms and liver histology. Results: In our cohort, the minor allele TA of the rs72613567 variant was related to an increased risk of fibrosis [odds ratio (OR): 2.93 (1.20-7.17), p=0.019 for the additive model; OR: 3.32 (1.39-7.91), p=0.007 for the recessive model], representing an inverse association as compared to the results from European cohorts. In contrast, we observed a protective effect on fibrosis for the minor A allele carriers of the HSD17B13 rs6531975 variant [OR: 0.48 (0.24-0.98), p=0.043 for the additive model; OR: 0.62 (0.40-0.94), p=0.025 for the dominant model]. HSD17B13 variants were only associated with fibrosis but no other histological features. Furthermore, HSD17B13 rs6531975 modulated the effect of PNPLA3 rs738409 on hepatic steatosis. Conclusions: HSD17B13 rs72613567 is a risk variant for fibrosis in a Han Chinese MAFLD population but with a different direction for allelic association to that seen in Europeans. These data exemplify the need for studying diverse populations in genetic studies in order to fine map genome-wide association studies signals.

7.
J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci ; 28(7): 593-603, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33908180

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The presence of significant liver fibrosis is a key determinant of long-term prognosis in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We aimed to develop a novel machine learning algorithm (MLA) to predict fibrosis severity in NAFLD and compared it with the most widely used non-invasive fibrosis biomarkers. METHODS: We used a cohort of 553 adults with biopsy-proven NAFLD, who were randomly divided into a training cohort (n = 278) for the development of both logistic regression model (LRM) and MLA, and a validation cohort (n = 275). Significant fibrosis was defined as fibrosis stage F ≥ 2. MLA and LRM were derived from variables that were selected using a least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) logistic regression algorithm. RESULTS: In the training cohort, the variables selected by LASSO algorithm were body mass index, pro-collagen type III, collagen type IV, aspartate aminotransferase and albumin-to-globulin ratio. The diagnostic accuracy of MLA showed the highest values of area under the receiver operator characteristic curve (AUROC: 0.902, 95% CI 0.869-0.904) for identifying fibrosis F ≥ 2. The LRM AUROC was 0.764, 95% CI 0.710-0.816 and significantly better than the AST-to-Platelet ratio (AUROC 0.684, 95% CI 0.605-0.762), FIB-4 score (AUROC 0.594, 95% CI 0.503-0.685) and NAFLD Fibrosis Score (AUROC 0.557, 95% CI 0.470-0.644). In the validation cohort, MLA also showed the highest AUROC (0.893, 95% CI 0.864-0.901). The diagnostic accuracy of MLA outperformed that of LRM in all subgroups considered. CONCLUSIONS: Our newly developed MLA algorithm has excellent diagnostic performance for predicting fibrosis F ≥ 2 in patients with biopsy-confirmed NAFLD.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Algoritmos , Biomarcadores , Biópsia , Fibrose , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Aprendizado de Máquina , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Curva ROC , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
8.
Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 15(7): 811-819, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33709875

RESUMO

Introduction: Telomerase is a basic nuclear protein reverse transcriptase, which plays a key role in maintaining telomere stability, genome integrity, long-term cell activity, and potential continued proliferation.Area covered: This narrative review discusses key research advances involving telomerase in the development and progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The review evaluates 9a) whether the assessment of telomerase can be used as a noninvasive diagnostic tool; and (b) whether modification of telomerase function might be a useful potential therapeutic target for treatment of NAFLD. Furthermore, the relationship between telomerase and other chronic metabolic diseases is evaluated.Expert opinion: Several experimental and preclinical studies have suggested that telomerase plays an important role in the development of NAFLD. However, further mechanistic studies are needed to prove a causal relationship and to better elucidate whether the measurement of telomerase has utility as a diagnostic tool or whether pharmacological manipulation of telomerase has therapeutic potential in NAFLD treatment.

10.
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 33(3): 430-435, 2021 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32398489

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: FibroTouch is a newly developed device to assess ultrasound attenuation parameter (UAP) and liver stiffness measurement to quantify hepatic steatosis and fibrosis, respectively. However, there is currently a lack of defined thresholds of UAP to diagnose different stages of hepatic steatosis. We aimed to assess the optimal thresholds of UAP for hepatic steatosis in individuals with biopsy-proven fatty liver disease (FLD). METHODS: We enrolled 497 adults with FLD undergoing FibroTouch and liver biopsy. Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) was performed to calculate the performance of UAP in staging hepatic steatosis. Hepatic steatosis >33% was defined as significant steatosis. We determined the optimal cutoff values of UAP and the sensitivity or specificity higher than 90%. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were subsequently calculated. RESULTS: The median UAP for the enrolled patients was 308 dB/m. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that UAP was associated with significant steatosis [adjusted-odds ratio 1.05, 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.02-1.09; P = 0.001]. The AUROCs for S ≥ 1, S ≥ 2 and S = 3 were 0.88 (95% CI, 0.84-0.91), 0.77 (95% CI, 0.73-0.81), and 0.70 (95% CI, 0.63-0.77), respectively. The optimal UAP cutoffs were 295 dB/m for S ≥ 1, 314 dB/m for S ≥ 2, and 324 dB/m for S = 3. Almost identical results were observed in the subgroup of patients with biopsy-confirmed nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (n = 435). CONCLUSION: We found that the AUROC values of UAP by FibroTouch were ranging from 0.70 to 0.88 for assessing hepatic steatosis severity. These UAP cutoffs could be applicable for clinical use.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Adulto , Área Sob a Curva , Biópsia , Humanos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico por imagem , Curva ROC
11.
Metabolism ; 115: 154433, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33212070

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Whereas nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a multisystem disease, the association between metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) and extra-hepatic diseases is not known. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to compare the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in patients with either MAFLD or NAFLD, and then to examine the association between the presence and severity of MAFLD and CKD and abnormal albuminuria. METHODS: A total of 12,571 individuals with complete biochemical and liver ultrasonography data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1988-1994) were included in the analysis. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to test the independence of associations between MAFLD or MAFLD severity as the key exposures and CKD (defined as either CKD stage ≥1 or stage ≥3) or abnormal albuminuria (urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio ≥ 3 mg/mmol) as the outcomes. RESULTS: The prevalence of MAFLD and NAFLD was 30.2% (n = 3794) and 36.2% (n = 4552), respectively. MAFLD individuals had a lower eGFR (74.96 ±â€¯18.21 vs. 76.46 ±â€¯18.24 ml/min/1.73 m2, P < 0.001) and a greater prevalence of CKD (29.60% vs. 26.56%, P < 0.05) than NAFLD individuals. Similarly, there was a higher prevalence CKD in MAFLD than in non-metabolic dysfunction-associated NAFLD (P < 0.05). Notably, after adjustment for sex, age, ethnicity, alcohol intake and diabetes, the severity of MAFLD (i.e. NAFLD fibrosis score ≥ 0.676) was associated with 1.34-fold higher risk of prevalent CKD (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: MAFLD identifies patients with CKD better than NAFLD. MAFLD and MAFLD with increased liver fibrosis score are strongly and independently associated with CKD and abnormal albuminuria.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Adulto , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Testes de Função Renal , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico por imagem , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Prevalência , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/etiologia , Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Ultrassonografia
12.
Br J Nutr ; 126(6): 813-824, 2021 09 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33198849

RESUMO

The FNDC5 gene encodes the fibronectin type III domain-containing protein 5 that is a membrane protein mainly expressed in skeletal muscle, and the FNDC5 rs3480 polymorphism may be associated with liver disease severity in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We investigated the influence of the FNDC5 rs3480 polymorphism on the relationship between sarcopenia and the histological severity of NAFLD. A total of 370 adult individuals with biopsy-proven NAFLD were studied. The association between the key exposure sarcopenia and the outcome liver histological severity was investigated by binary logistic regression. Stratified analyses were undertaken to examine the impact of FNDC5 rs3480 polymorphism on the association between sarcopenia and the severity of NAFLD histology. Patients with sarcopenia had more severe histological grades of steatosis and a higher prevalence of significant fibrosis and definite non-alcoholic steatohepatitis than those without sarcopenia. There was a significant association between sarcopenia and significant fibrosis (adjusted OR 2·79, 95 % CI 1·31, 5·95, P = 0·008), independent of established risk factors and potential confounders. Among patients with sarcopenia, significant fibrosis occurred more frequently in the rs3480 AA genotype carriers than in those carrying the FNDC5 rs3480 G genotype (43·8 v. 17·2 %, P = 0·031). In the association between sarcopenia and liver fibrosis, there was a significant interaction between the FNDC5 genotype and sarcopenia status (P value for interaction = 0·006). Sarcopenia is independently associated with significant liver fibrosis, and the FNDC5 rs3480 G variant influences the association between sarcopenia and liver fibrosis in patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD.

15.
Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 14(12): 1125-1130, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32842793

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In light of the viral outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 that monopolized the focus of the scientific community and general public alike for the past 6 months, one of the greatest contributors in the battle against this pandemic was the international sharing of information. Whether regarding the viral genome, incubation periods, method of transmission, symptoms, dangerous behaviors, age groups at risk, all information was valuable, all data was shared as soon as possible. AREAS COVERED: Considering that the most severely impacted group of patients are already suffering from other conditions, accessing the impact that metabolic associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD), obesity, and diabetes has on patients by sharing information between different healthcare facilities is of vital importance. However, the value behind open information sharing would remain significant even without a viral outbreak and should there be a more efficient infrastructure in place, the global exchange of data can become more practical and less arduous. EXPERT OPINION: Since the sharing of data by individual researchers is often motivated by personal benefits, this observed international collaboration is conditional at best, and the widespread misinformation during this pandemic could be an indication of a certain lack of consensus within the scientific community itself.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Disseminação de Informação/métodos , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/epidemiologia , COVID-19 , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/diagnóstico
16.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 35(12): 2041-2050, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32573017

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Lean non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a potentially metabolically unhealthy state that refers to NAFLD occurring in non-overweight/nonobese subjects. Yet its global epidemiology and metabolic characteristics are not extensively elucidated. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and Cochrane databases were searched for eligible studies until January 2020. Random-effects/fixed-effects models were used to estimate the global prevalence of lean NAFLD and to compare clinical characteristics among lean non-NAFLD, lean NAFLD, and overweight/obese NAFLD subjects. "Lean" NAFLD was defined by ethnic-specific body mass index measurements in the normal range. Meta-regression and subgroup analyses were performed to determine potential sources of heterogeneity. RESULTS: A total of 33 observational studies were included with 205 307 individuals from 14 countries. The global prevalence of lean NAFLD was 4.1% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.4-4.8%). In lean subjects, the prevalence of NAFLD was 9.7% (95% CI: 7.7-11.8%). The prevalence of lean NAFLD with diabetes, hypertension, metabolic syndrome, dyslipidemia, or central obesity was 0.6% (95% CI: 0.4-0.9%), 1.8% (95% CI: 1.2-2.5%), 1.4% (95% CI: 1.0-1.9%), 2.8% (95% CI: 1.9-3.7%), and 2.0% (95% CI: 1.6-2.4%), respectively. The prevalence of lean NAFLD showed an upward trend between 1988 and 2017. Asian individuals had the highest prevalence of lean NAFLD (4.8%, 95% CI: 4.0-5.6%). Middle-aged people (45-59 years old) had the highest prevalence of lean NAFLD (4.4%, 95% CI: 3.2-5.5%). The prevalence of metabolic complications in lean non-NAFLD, lean NAFLD, and overweight/obese NAFLD groups increased sequentially. CONCLUSIONS: Lean NAFLD occurs with metabolic complications and is not an uncommon condition. The highest prevalence of lean NAFLD occurs in middle-aged individuals of Asian countries.


Assuntos
Saúde Global/estatística & dados numéricos , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Magreza , Fatores Etários , Ásia/epidemiologia , Ásia/etnologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças Metabólicas/complicações , Doenças Metabólicas/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/etnologia , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Prevalência
17.
J Clin Transl Hepatol ; 8(1): 18-24, 2020 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32274342

RESUMO

The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has attracted increasing worldwide attention. Cases of liver damage or dysfunction (mainly characterized by moderately elevated serum aspartate aminotransferase levels) have been reported among patients with COVID-19. However, it is currently uncertain whether the COVID-19-related liver damage/dysfunction is due mainly to the viral infection per se or other coexisting conditions, such as the use of potentially hepatotoxic drugs and the coexistence of systemic inflammatory response, respiratory distress syndrome-induced hypoxia, and multiple organ dysfunction. Based on the current evidence from case reports and case series, this review article focuses on the demographic and clinical characteristics, potential mechanisms, and treatment options for COVID-19-related liver dysfunction. This review also describes the geographical and demographic distribution of COVID-19-related liver dysfunction, as well as possible underlying mechanisms linking COVID-19 to liver dysfunction, in order to facilitate future drug development, prevention, and control measures for COVID-19.

18.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 35(6): 1057-1064, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31677195

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 3 (PNPLA3) I148M (rs738409) genotype influences clinical/biochemical characteristics in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), but whether PNPLA3-I148M (rs738409) genotype also influences the diagnostic performance of noninvasive diagnostic tests for NAFLD is uncertain. Our aim was to investigate the differences in diagnostic performance of noninvasive diagnostic tests for NAFLD according to PNPLA3-I148M (rs738409) genotype. METHODS: Fifty-eight healthy controls and 349 patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD were included. Areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROCs) were calculated to predict hepatic steatosis (fatty liver index and hepatic steatosis index), nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (cytokeratin-18 M30 and M65), and significant fibrosis (≥F2 fibrosis) (fibrosis-4 and BARD), stratifying by rs738409 genotypes (CC and CG + GG groups). RESULTS: Fatty liver index and hepatic steatosis index showed good diagnostic performance for diagnosing steatosis only in the CG + GG group with AUROCs ranging from 0.819 to 0.832. Cytokeratin-18 M30 (AUROC = 0.688) and M65 (AUROC = 0.678) had suboptimal performance for diagnosing nonalcoholic steatohepatitis in the CG + GG group, whereas both had good performance (AUROC = 0.814 and 0.813, respectively) in the CC group. BARD score showed good performance in the CG + GG group compared with the CC group (AUROC = 0.805 and 0.532, respectively). Fibrosis-4 had suboptimal performance in the CG + GG group and good performance in the CC group (AUROC = 0.662 and 0.801, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Diagnostic performance of noninvasive tests for NAFLD varied markedly according to PNPLA3 genotypes. Clinicians should be aware that PNPLA3 genotype limits the clinical utility of noninvasive diagnostic tests for diagnosing NAFLD.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Diagnóstico do Sistema Digestório , Genótipo , Lipase/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
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