Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 4 de 4
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Sci Total Environ ; 750: 142081, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33182185

RESUMO

The high biotic diversity supported by floodplains is ruled by the interplay of geomorphic and hydrological processes at various time scales, from daily fluctuations to decennial successions. Because understanding such processes is a key question in river restoration, we attempted to model changes in taxonomic richness in an assemblage of 58 macroinvertebrate taxa (21 gastropoda and 37 ephemeroptera, plecoptera and trichoptera, EPT) along two successional sequences typical for former braided channels. Individual models relating the occurrence of taxa to overflow and backflow durations were developed from field measurements in 19 floodplain channels of the Rhône floodplain (France) monitored over 10 years. The models were combined to simulate diversity changes along a progressive alluviation and disconnection sequence after the reconnection with the main river of a previously isolated channel. Two scenarios were considered: (i) an upstream + downstream reconnection creating a lotic channel, (ii) a downstream reconnection creating a semi-lotic channel. Reconnection led to a direct increase in invertebrate richness (on average x2.5). However, taxonomical richness showed a constant decrease as isolation progressed and reached an average of 2 for EPT and 7 for gastropods at the end of the scenarios. With more than 80% of the taxonomic models with an AUC equal or higher than 0.7 and slopes of linear relations between observed and predicted richness of 0.75 (gastropods) and 1 (EPT), the Boosted Regression Trees (BRT) provided a good basis for prediction of species assemblages. These models can be used to quantify a priori the sustainability and ecological efficiency of restoration actions and help floodplain restoration planning and management.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Invertebrados , Animais , França , Hidrologia , Rios
2.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 210: 675-7, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25991236

RESUMO

Adenoviral conjunctivitis is extremely contagious, causes a form of conjunctivitis. Therefore, it is important to identify patients who suffer from adenoviral conjunctivitis, as early as possible, in order to contain the disease. We present the 6 independent but interoperable platforms developed for the purpose of a large European epidemiologic study (ADVISE), which has been implemented independently in France, Germany, Spain, Italy and the UK. ADVISE is a non-interventional, observational epidemiology study with the objectives of assessing clinical characteristics and incidence of adenovirus conjunctivitis. One of the challenges faced in developing this network of European epidemiology platforms has been the multilingual context. Actually, we have established independent platforms fully dedicated to each of the participating countries. Similar protocols have been submitted across these countries, allowing individual and pooled analyses of the data. A standardized questionnaire is used to collect patient ocular medical history. The electronic questionnaire contains 151 items with automatic coherence control. The first platform ADVISE was set up in France. Development, evaluation and validation of this platform were carried out between January and July 2013. The Medical Informatics and Knowledge Engineering Laboratory (LIMICS), proposes through this project, a tool that allows the installation and application of epidemiologic monitoring in any part of the world.


Assuntos
Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde/organização & administração , União Europeia/organização & administração , Sistemas de Informação em Saúde/organização & administração , Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação/métodos , Registro Médico Coordenado/métodos , Vigilância da População/métodos , Infecções por Adenoviridae , Conjuntivite Viral , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Controle de Formulários e Registros , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Prevalência , Medição de Risco/métodos
3.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 210: 887-91, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25991283

RESUMO

The SIR-FMD project is a partnership between the Department of Genetics and Reference Centre for Rare Vascular Diseases at the Georges Pompidou European Hospital in Paris and the Medical Informatics and Knowledge Engineering Laboratory of Inserm. Its aim is to use an ontological approach to implement an information system for the French Fibromuscular Dysplasia Registry. The existing data was dispersed in numerous databases, which had been created independently. These databases have different structures and contain data of diverse quality. The project aims to provide generic solutions for the management of the communication of medical data. The secondary objective is to demonstrate the applicability of these generic solutions in the field of rare diseases (RD) in an operational context. The construction of the French FMD registry was a multistep process. A secure platform has been available since the beginning of November 2013. The medical records of 471 patients from the initial dataset provided by the HEGP-Paris, France have been included, and are accessible from a secure user account. Users are organized into a collaborative group, and can access patient groups. Each electronic patient record contains more than 2,200 items. The problem of semantic interoperability has become one of the major challenges for the development of applications requiring the sharing and reuse of data. The information system component of the SIR-FMD project has a direct impact on the standardisation of coding of rare diseases and thereby contributes to the development of e-Health.


Assuntos
Bases de Dados Factuais , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde/organização & administração , Displasia Fibromuscular/epidemiologia , Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação/métodos , Registro Médico Coordenado/métodos , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , França , Sistemas de Informação em Saúde/organização & administração , Humanos , Modelos Organizacionais , Doenças Raras/epidemiologia
4.
Water Resour Res ; 50(5): 4490-4513, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25506099

RESUMO

Seasonal and annual partitioning of water within river floodplains has important implications for ecohydrologic links between the water cycle and tree growth. Climatic and hydrologic shifts alter water distribution between floodplain storage reservoirs (e.g., vadose, phreatic), affecting water availability to tree roots. Water partitioning is also dependent on the physical conditions that control tree rooting depth (e.g., gravel layers that impede root growth), the sources of contributing water, the rate of water drainage, and water residence times within particular storage reservoirs. We employ instrumental climate records alongside oxygen isotopes within tree rings and regional source waters, as well as topographic data and soil depth measurements, to infer the water sources used over several decades by two co-occurring tree species within a riparian floodplain along the Rhône River in France. We find that water partitioning to riparian trees is influenced by annual (wet versus dry years) and seasonal (spring snowmelt versus spring rainfall) fluctuations in climate. This influence depends strongly on local (tree level) conditions including floodplain surface elevation and subsurface gravel layer elevation. The latter represents the upper limit of the phreatic zone and therefore controls access to shallow groundwater. The difference between them, the thickness of the vadose zone, controls total soil moisture retention capacity. These factors thus modulate the climatic influence on tree ring isotopes. Additionally, we identified growth signatures and tree ring isotope changes associated with recent restoration of minimum streamflows in the Rhône, which made new phreatic water sources available to some trees in otherwise dry years. KEY POINTS: Water shifts due to climatic fluctuations between floodplain storage reservoirsAnthropogenic changes to hydrology directly impact water available to treesEcohydrologic approaches to integration of hydrology afford new possibilities.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA