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1.
Arch Dermatol Res ; 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32844312

RESUMO

Dermoscopy and reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) are two noninvasive, optical imaging tools used to facilitate clinical diagnosis. A biopsy technique that produces exact correlation with optical imaging features is not previously reported. To evaluate the applications of a novel feature-focused 'precision biopsy' technique that correlates clinical-dermoscopy-RCM findings with histopathology. This was a prospective case-series performed during August 2017 and June 2019 at a tertiary care cancer. We included consecutive patients requiring a precise dermoscopy-RCM-histopathologic correlation. We performed prebiopsy dermoscopy and both wide probe and handheld RCM of suspicious lesions. Features of interest were isolated with the aid of paper rings and a 2 mm punch biopsy was performed in the dermoscopy- or RCM-highlighted area. Tissue was processed either en face or with vertical sections. One-to-one correlation with histopathology was obtained. Twenty-three patients with 24 lesions were included in the study. The mean age was 64.6 years (range 22-91 years); there were 16 (69.6%) males, 14 (58.3%) lesions biopsied were on head and neck region. We achieved tissue-conservation diagnosis in 100% (24/24), 13 (54.2%) were clinically equivocal lesions, six (25%) were selected for 'feature correlation' of structures on dermoscopy or RCM, and five (20.8%) for 'correlation of new/unknown' RCM features seen on follow-up. The precision biopsy technique described herein is a novel method that facilitates direct histopathological correlation of dermoscopy and RCM features. With the aids of optical imaging devices, accurate diagnosis may be achieved by minimally invasive tissue extraction.

2.
JAMA Dermatol ; 156(8): 882-890, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32459294

RESUMO

Importance: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common skin cancer. Dermoscopic imaging has improved diagnostic accuracy; however, diagnosis of nonpigmented BCC remains limited to arborizing vessels, ulceration, and shiny white structures. Objective: To assess multiple aggregated yellow-white (MAY) globules as a diagnostic feature for BCC. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this retrospective, single-center, case-control study, nonpigmented skin tumors, determined clinically, were identified from a database of lesions consecutively biopsied during a 7-year period (January 1, 2009, to December 31, 2015). A subset of tumors was prospectively diagnosed, and reflectance confocal microscopy, optical coherence tomography, and histopathologic correlation were performed. Data analysis was conducted from July 1 to September 31, 2019. Exposures: Investigators evaluated for the presence or absence of known dermoscopic criteria. MAY globules were defined as aggregated, white-yellow structures visualized in polarized and nonpolarized light. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was the diagnostic accuracy of MAY globules for the diagnosis of BCC. Secondary objectives included the association with BCC location and subtype. Interrater agreement was estimated. Results: A total of 656 nonpigmented lesions from 643 patients (mean [SD] age, 63.1 [14.9] years; 381 [58.1%] male) were included. In all, 194 lesions (29.6%) were located on the head and neck. A total of 291 (44.4%) were BCCs. MAY globules were seen in 61 of 291 BCC cases (21.0%) and in 3 of 365 other diagnoses (0.8%) (P < .001). The odds ratio for diagnosis of BCC was 32.0 (96% CI, 9.9-103.2). The presence of MAY globules was associated with a diagnosis of histologic high-risk BCC (odds ratio, 6.5; 95% CI, 3.1-14.3). The structure was never seen in cases of superficial BCCs. Conclusions and Relevance: The findings suggest that MAY globules may have utility as a new BCC dermoscopic criterion with a high specificity. MAY globules were negatively associated with superficial BCC and positively associated with deeper-seated, histologic, higher-grade tumor subtypes.

4.
Australas J Dermatol ; 60(4): e292-e297, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30941757

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: High a naevus counts and atypical naevi are risk factors for cutaneous melanoma. However, many individuals with a high-risk naevus phenotype do not develop melanoma. In this study, we describe the clinical and dermoscopic attributes of naevi associated with melanoma in a high-risk naevus phenotype population. METHODS: This single-centre, hospital-based case-control study included 54 prospectively enrolled adult patients ≥18 years old with a high-risk naevus phenotype (18 cases with a history of melanoma and 36 age- and gender-matched controls without a history of melanoma). We analysed clinical and dermoscopic images of the 20 largest naevi for each participant. RESULTS: Cases had a higher mean age than controls (48.2 vs. 39.1 years, P = 0.007) but there was no difference in the male-to-female ratio between groups. Nearly, all participants (97%) were Fitzpatrick skin type II or III. Naevi in cases were more likely to be truncal, (72.6% vs. 53.6%, P = 0.01), particularly anterior truncal, (29.2% vs. 14.4%, P < 0.001) and larger than 8 mm (17.4% vs. 7.8%%, P = 0.01) compared to controls. CASH score of naevi did not differ between groups. Naevi in cases were more likely to have a multicomponent dermoscopic pattern than in controls (18.4% vs. 12.6%, P = 0.02). CONCLUSION: Larger naevi, truncal naevi, and naevi, with a multicomponent dermoscopic pattern may be risk factors for melanoma among individuals with a high-risk naevus phenotype. Further studies are needed to validate these findings.


Assuntos
Melanoma/patologia , Nevo Pigmentado/patologia , Medição de Risco , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Dermoscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos
5.
JAMA Dermatol ; 154(10): 1204-1207, 2018 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30140894

RESUMO

Importance: Cardiovascular implanted electronic devices (CIEDs) are susceptible to electromagnetic interference. Dermatologists regularly use devices containing magnets, including dermatoscopes and their attachments, which could pose a hazard to patients with CIEDs. Objective: To investigate the safety risk of magnets in dermatoscopes to patients with CIEDs. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional observational study was conducted between January 1, 2018, and March 31, 2018, in a controlled laboratory setting. Two experiments were performed. In the first experiment (performed in the Dermatology Service at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York), dermatoscopes that contain magnets were obtained from 3 manufacturers. Using a magnometer, the magnetic field strength of the dermatoscopes was measured over the magnet; at the faceplate; and at a distance of 0.5 cm, 1 cm and 15 cm away from the faceplate. In the second experiment (performed in the University Heart Center Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland), ex vivo measurements were conducted to determine how the dermatoscopes affected old-generation and new generation CIEDs (pacemakers and implantable defibrillators). Main Outcomes and Measures: Magnetic field strength as measured directly over the dermatoscope magnet; at the faceplate; and at distances of 0.5 cm, 1 cm, and 15 cm from the faceplate. Pacemaker and defibrillator operation when exposed to dermatoscopes. Results: After conducting 24 measurements, the magnetic field (measured in gauss [G]) strength varied between 24.26 G and 163.04 G over the dermatoscope magnet, between 2.22 G and 9.98 G at the dermatoscope faceplate, between 0.82 G and 2.4 G at a distance of 0.5 cm, and between 0.5 G and 1.04 G at a distance of 1 cm; it was 0 for all devices at a 15 cm distance. The field strength at the faceplate was found to be generally below the CIED industry standard safety threshold. None of the dermatoscopes in the ex vivo experiment exerted any demonstrable disruptions or changes to the CIEDs. Conclusions and Relevance: In real life, dermatoscope magnets likely present no measurable safety risk to patients with CIEDs. Using the polarized noncontact mode permits dermoscopy to be performed at least 0.5 cm from the skin surface, where the magnetic field strength was well below the 5-G safety threshold.


Assuntos
Dermoscopia/instrumentação , Campos Eletromagnéticos , Imãs , Segurança , Estudos Transversais , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Marca-Passo Artificial , Medição de Risco
6.
Int J Dermatol ; 55(12): 1351-1356, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27419915

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of suspected basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is typically confirmed with incisional biopsy before referral to final surgery. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical confidence and accuracy of physicians making a diagnosis of BCC based on dermoscopic and reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) features. METHODS: This study was designed as a simulation to determine the certainty and willingness to refer to surgery without previous biopsy confirmation of BCC. Study subjects were identified with suspected BCC. Dermoscopic and RCM lesion images were obtained before biopsy. Eight clinicians with various expertise levels blindly interpreted these images and chose among four hypothetical treatment options: definite BCC, refer directly to surgery without biopsy; other malignancy, perform biopsy for diagnosis; uncertain diagnosis, perform biopsy; benign, do not biopsy. Decisions for treatment were based on dermoscopic images alone and, subsequently, on dermoscopic and RCM images combined. RESULTS: The sensitivity for referral to surgery without biopsy was 67.6% with the use of dermoscopy; the positive predictive value (PPV) was 97.0%. Adding RCM increased the sensitivity to 76.5% and the PPV to 98.6%. CONCLUSIONS: Dermoscopy provides a high PPV for BCC. The addition of RCM to dermoscopy increases diagnostic sensitivity, particularly in less experienced dermoscopists. Physician behavior might be different if actual referrals were made for surgery without biopsy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Basocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Basocelular/patologia , Dermoscopia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Pele/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biópsia , Carcinoma Basocelular/cirurgia , Competência Clínica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Microscopia Confocal/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Autoeficácia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia
8.
Dermatol Pract Concept ; 5(1): 75-6, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25692088
10.
Arch Dermatol ; 145(7): 766-72, 2009 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19620557

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify criteria for the diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and actinic keratosis (AK) by in vivo reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM). DESIGN: Prospective RCM imaging of lesions suspected clinically and/or dermoscopically to be SCC or AK, followed by RCM assessment of the biopsy-proven SCCs and AKs. SETTING: Private skin cancer clinic, Plantation, Florida. Patients A total of 38 lesions in 24 patients were assessed, including 7 AKs, 25 SCCs in situ, 3 invasive SCCs, and 3 keratoacanthomas. Interventions Prior to undergoing biopsy, all lesions were assessed by RCM. RESULTS: Mosaic RCM images at the stratum corneum level revealed scale in 29 SCCs (95%) and in all 7 AKs. Polygonal nucleated cells at the stratum corneum were seen in 3 SCCs (10%) and 1 AK (14%). All 38 cases displayed an atypical honeycomb and/or a disarranged pattern of the spinous-granular layer of the epidermis; round nucleated cells were seen in the spinous-granular layer in 20 SCCs (65%) and 1 AK (14%). Round blood vessels in the superficial dermis were seen in 28 SCCs (90%) and 5 AKs (72%). CONCLUSIONS: An increasing frequency of abnormal RCM features can be observed across the spectrum of keratinocytic neoplasias. The presence of an atypical honeycomb or a disarranged pattern of the spinous-granular layer, round nucleated cells at the spinous-granular layer, and round blood vessels traversing through the dermal papilla are the key RCM features of SCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Ceratose Actínica/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Microscopia Confocal , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
13.
Skinmed ; 5(6): 300-2, 2006.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17086000

RESUMO

A 41-year-old woman presented with a 2-month history of pruritus and a generalized dermatitis that developed initially on the head and spread to the trunk, legs, and buttocks. The pruritus caused extreme discomfort and was not relieved by antihistamines or topical steroid treatment. The patient denied flushing, syncope, and vomiting. Her medical history included asthma treated with salmeterol/fluticasone propionate inhaler, and status post silicone breast augmentation. Physical examination revealed a papular dermatitis on the trunk and extremities composed of lesions up to 0.5 cm in diameter, surrounded by excoriation marks (Figure 1). There was no hepatosplenomegaly or lymphadenopathy. Darier's sign was negative. Results of complete blood count, peripheral blood film examination, and liver function tests were all with normal limits. A biopsy specimen taken from a lesion and stained with hematoxylin-eosin showed telangiectasias, with an increased number of mast cells around blood vessels (Figure 2). Positive Giemsa (Figure 3) and c-kit stain (Figure 4) indicated an increased number of mast cells. Bone marrow aspiration and total body CT performed to rule out systemic involvement showed no pathology. Protein electrophoresis was normal. Serum tryptase and histamine were within normal limits, and 24-hour urine collection for histamine was normal. Narrow-band UV-B treatment was begun 3 times weekly, reduced to twice weekly after 2 months, and then stopped. The first few treatments resulted in significant relief of the pruritus and regression of lesions. After 3 months without treatment, the patient remained free of pruritus and lesions.


Assuntos
Telangiectasia/diagnóstico , Telangiectasia/radioterapia , Adulto , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Extremidades/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Prurido/etiologia , Telangiectasia/complicações , Telangiectasia/patologia , Tórax/patologia , Terapia Ultravioleta
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