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1.
Lancet Oncol ; 20(12): 1710-1718, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606419

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The ELIANA trial showed that 61 (81%) of 75 paediatric and young adult patients with relapsed or refractory B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia achieved overall remission after treatment with tisagenlecleucel, a chimeric antigen receptor targeted against the CD19 antigen. We aimed to evaluate patient-reported quality of life in these patients before and after tisagenlecleucel infusion. METHODS: ELIANA, a global, single-arm, open-label, phase 2 trial, was done in 25 hospitals across Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Norway, Spain, and the USA. Patients with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia aged at least 3 years at the time of screening and 21 years or younger at the time of initial diagnosis who were in second or greater bone marrow relapse, chemorefractory, relapsed after allogeneic stem-cell transplantation, or were otherwise ineligible for allogeneic stem-cell transplantation were enrolled. Patients received a single intravenous administration of a target dose of 0·2-5 × 106 transduced viable T cells per kg for patients weighing 50 kg or less or 0·1-2·5 × 108 transduced viable T cells for patients weighing more than 50 kg. The primary outcome, reported previously, was the proportion of patients who achieved remission. A prespecified secondary endpoint, reported here, was patient-reported quality of life measured with the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) and European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions questionnaire (EQ-5D). Patients completed the questionnaires at baseline, day 28, and months 3, 6, 9, and 12 after treatment. The data collected were summarised using descriptive statistics and post-hoc mixed models for repeated measures. Change from baseline response profiles were illustrated with cumulative distribution function plots. The proportion of patients achieving the minimal clinically important difference and normative mean value were reported. Analysis was per protocol. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02435849. FINDINGS: Between April 8, 2015, and April 25, 2017, 107 patients were screened, 92 were enrolled, and 75 received tisagenlecleucel. 58 patients aged 8-23 years were included in the analysis of quality of life. At baseline, 50 (86%) patients had completed the PedsQL questionnaire and 48 (83%) had completed the EQ-5D VAS. Improvements in patient-reported quality-of-life scores were observed for all measures at month 3 after tisagenlecleucel infusion (mean change from baseline to month 3 was 13·3 [95% CI 8·9-17·6] for the PedsQL total score and 16·8 [9·4-24·3] for the EQ-5D visual analogue scale). 30 (81%) of 37 patients achieved the minimal clinically important difference at month 3 for the PedsQL total score and 24 (67%) of 36 patients achieved this for the EQ-5D visual analogue scale. INTERPRETATION: These findings, along with the activity and safety results of ELIANA, suggest a favourable benefit-risk profile of tisagenlecleucel in the treatment of paediatric and young adult patients with relapsed or refractory B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. FUNDING: Novartis.

2.
Mol Ther Methods Clin Dev ; 12: 134-144, 2019 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30623002

RESUMO

Genetically modifying autologous T cells to express an anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) has shown impressive response rates for the treatment of CD19+ B cell malignancies in several clinical trials (CTs). Making this treatment available to our patients prompted us to develop a novel CART19 based on our own anti-CD19 antibody (A3B1), followed by CD8 hinge and transmembrane region, 4-1BB- and CD3z-signaling domains. We show that A3B1 CAR T cells are highly cytotoxic and specific against CD19+ cells in vitro, inducing secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines and CAR T cell proliferation. In vivo, A3B1 CAR T cells are able to fully control disease progression in an NOD.Cg-Prkdc scid Il2rd tm1Wjl /SzJ (NSG) xenograph B-ALL mouse model. Based on the pre-clinical data, we conclude that our CART19 is clearly functional against CD19+ cells, to a level similar to other CAR19s currently being used in the clinic. Concurrently, we describe the implementation of our CAR T cell production system, using lentiviral vector and CliniMACS Prodigy, within a medium-sized academic institution. The results of the validation phase show our system is robust and reproducible, while maintaining a low cost that is affordable for academic institutions. Our model can serve as a paradigm for similar institutions, and it may help to make CAR T cell treatment available to all patients.

4.
Br J Haematol ; 182(4): 542-553, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29978456

RESUMO

Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) had emerged as promising drugs in leukaemia, but their toxicity due to lack of specificity limited their use. Therefore, there is a need to elucidate the role of HDACs in specific settings. The study of HDAC expression in childhood leukaemia could help to choose more specific HDACi for selected candidates in a personalized approach. We analysed HDAC1-11, SIRT1, SIRT7, MEF2C and MEF2D mRNA expression in 211 paediatric patients diagnosed with acute leukaemia. There was a global overexpression of HDACs, while specific HDACs correlated with clinical and biological features, and some even predicted outcome. Thus, some HDAC and MEF2C profiles probably reflected the lineage and the maturation of the blasts and some profiles identified specific oncogenic pathways active in the leukaemic cells. Specifically, we identified a distinctive signature for patients with KMT2A (MLL) rearrangement, with high HDAC9 and MEF2D expression, regardless of age, KMT2A partner and lineage. Moreover, we observed an adverse prognostic value of HDAC9 overexpression, regardless of KMT2A rearrangement. Our results provide useful knowledge on the complex picture of HDAC expression in childhood leukaemia and support the directed use of specific HDACi to selected paediatric patients with acute leukaemia.


Assuntos
Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica , Rearranjo Gênico , Histona Desacetilases/biossíntese , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase , Leucemia/enzimologia , Leucemia/genética , Proteína de Leucina Linfoide-Mieloide , Doença Aguda , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/administração & dosagem , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/biossíntese , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/genética , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Leucemia/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Proteína de Leucina Linfoide-Mieloide/biossíntese , Proteína de Leucina Linfoide-Mieloide/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
N Engl J Med ; 378(5): 439-448, 2018 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29385370

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In a single-center phase 1-2a study, the anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy tisagenlecleucel produced high rates of complete remission and was associated with serious but mainly reversible toxic effects in children and young adults with relapsed or refractory B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). METHODS: We conducted a phase 2, single-cohort, 25-center, global study of tisagenlecleucel in pediatric and young adult patients with CD19+ relapsed or refractory B-cell ALL. The primary end point was the overall remission rate (the rate of complete remission or complete remission with incomplete hematologic recovery) within 3 months. RESULTS: For this planned analysis, 75 patients received an infusion of tisagenlecleucel and could be evaluated for efficacy. The overall remission rate within 3 months was 81%, with all patients who had a response to treatment found to be negative for minimal residual disease, as assessed by means of flow cytometry. The rates of event-free survival and overall survival were 73% (95% confidence interval [CI], 60 to 82) and 90% (95% CI, 81 to 95), respectively, at 6 months and 50% (95% CI, 35 to 64) and 76% (95% CI, 63 to 86) at 12 months. The median duration of remission was not reached. Persistence of tisagenlecleucel in the blood was observed for as long as 20 months. Grade 3 or 4 adverse events that were suspected to be related to tisagenlecleucel occurred in 73% of patients. The cytokine release syndrome occurred in 77% of patients, 48% of whom received tocilizumab. Neurologic events occurred in 40% of patients and were managed with supportive care, and no cerebral edema was reported. CONCLUSIONS: In this global study of CAR T-cell therapy, a single infusion of tisagenlecleucel provided durable remission with long-term persistence in pediatric and young adult patients with relapsed or refractory B-cell ALL, with transient high-grade toxic effects. (Funded by Novartis Pharmaceuticals; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02435849 .).


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Antígenos CD19 , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade , Indução de Remissão , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
6.
An. pediatr. (2003. Ed. impr.) ; 87(3): 155-163, sept. 2017. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-166299

RESUMO

Introducción: El cáncer es la primera causa de muerte por enfermedad entre el primer año de vida y la adolescencia. Algunos tipos de enfermedad siguen constituyendo un reto en términos de curación. Existe por tanto una necesidad imperiosa de nuevos fármacos. Algunos descubrimientos recientes en la biología del cáncer abren la puerta al desarrollo de terapias dirigidas contra alteraciones moleculares concretas e inmunoterapia. Esto se ha traducido en resultados prometedores sobre todo en oncología de adultos, y en menor medida todavía en niños. Presentamos la actividad en ensayos clínicos precoces (fase I-II) en oncología pediátrica en España. Material y métodos: A través de la Sociedad Española de Oncología y Hematología Pediátrica (SEHOP) contactamos a sus miembros para identificar los ensayos fase I-II en cáncer pediátrico abiertos entre 2005 y 2015. Resultados: En este periodo se abrieron 30 ensayos: 21 (70%) en tumores sólidos y 9 (30%) en hemopatías malignas y se incluyó a 212 pacientes. La mayoría están promovidos por la industria farmacéutica (53%). Desde 2010, 4 centros se han integrado en el consorcio internacional ITCC cuyo objetivo es desarrollar nuevas terapias en cáncer infantil. Esto ha permitido ampliar el abanico de posibilidades terapéuticas. Los resultados de ensayos clínicos terminados muestran la contribución de los investigadores españoles, la introducción de terapias dirigidas y sus beneficios. Conclusiones: La actividad en ensayos clínicos precoces ha aumentado en estos años. La SEHOP está comprometida a desarrollar y participar en ensayos clínicos académicos colaborativos, que favorezcan el avance en las terapias frente al cáncer infantil (AU)


Introduction: Cancer is the leading cause of death between the first year of life and adolescence, and some types of diseases are still a major challenge in terms of cure. There is, therefore, a major need for new drugs. Recent findings in cancer biology open the door to the development of targeted therapies against individual molecular changes, as well as immunotherapy. Promising results in adult anti-cancer drug development have not yet been translated into paediatric clinical practice. A report is presented on the activity in early paediatric oncology trials (phase I-II) in Spain. Material and methods: All members of the Spanish Society of Paediatric Haematology Oncology (SEHOP) were contacted in order to identify early clinical trials in paediatric cancer opened between 2005 and 2015. Results: A total of 30 trials had been opened in this period: 21 (70%) in solid tumours, and 9 (30%) in malignant haemopathies. A total of 212 patients have been enrolled. The majority was industry sponsored (53%). Since 2010, four centres have joined the international consortium of Innovative Therapies for Children with Cancer (ITCC), which has as its aim to develop novel therapies for paediatric tumours. A significant number of new studies have opened since 2010, improving the treatment opportunities for our children. Results of recently closed trials show the contribution of Spanish investigators, the introduction of molecularly targeted agents, and their benefits. Conclusions: The activity in clinical trials has increased in the years analysed. The SEHOP is committed to develop and participate in collaborative academic trials, in order to help in the advancement and optimisation of existing therapies in paediatric cancer (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Drogas em Investigação , Avaliação de Medicamentos/tendências , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Medicina de Precisão/tendências
8.
An Pediatr (Barc) ; 87(3): 155-163, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28279690

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cancer is the leading cause of death between the first year of life and adolescence, and some types of diseases are still a major challenge in terms of cure. There is, therefore, a major need for new drugs. Recent findings in cancer biology open the door to the development of targeted therapies against individual molecular changes, as well as immunotherapy. Promising results in adult anti-cancer drug development have not yet been translated into paediatric clinical practice. A report is presented on the activity in early paediatric oncology trials (phase I-II) in Spain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All members of the Spanish Society of Paediatric Haematology Oncology (SEHOP) were contacted in order to identify early clinical trials in paediatric cancer opened between 2005 and 2015. RESULTS: A total of 30 trials had been opened in this period: 21 (70%) in solid tumours, and 9 (30%) in malignant haemopathies. A total of 212 patients have been enrolled. The majority was industry sponsored (53%). Since 2010, four centres have joined the international consortium of Innovative Therapies for Children with Cancer (ITCC), which has as its aim to develop novel therapies for paediatric tumours. A significant number of new studies have opened since 2010, improving the treatment opportunities for our children. Results of recently closed trials show the contribution of Spanish investigators, the introduction of molecularly targeted agents, and their benefits. CONCLUSIONS: The activity in clinical trials has increased in the years analysed. The SEHOP is committed to develop and participate in collaborative academic trials, in order to help in the advancement and optimisation of existing therapies in paediatric cancer.


Assuntos
Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Criança , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/métodos , Humanos , Espanha , Fatores de Tempo
12.
Oncotarget ; 7(31): 49786-49799, 2016 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27391351

RESUMO

FLT3 abnormalities are negative prognostic markers in acute leukemia. Infant leukemias are a subgroup with frequent MLL (KMT2A) rearrangements, FLT3 overexpression and high sensitivity to cytarabine, but dismal prognosis. Cytarabine is transported into cells by Human Equilibrative Nucleoside Transporter-1 (hENT1, SLC29A1), but the mechanisms that regulate hENT1 in acute leukemia have been scarcely studied.We explored the expression and functional link between FLT3 and main cytarabine transporters in 50 pediatric patients diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and MLL rearrangement (ALL-MLL+) and other subtypes of leukemia, and in leukemia cell lines.A significant positive correlation was found between FLT3 and hENT1 expression in patients. Cytarabine uptake into cells was mediated mainly by hENT1, hENT2 and hCNT1. hENT1-mediated uptake of cytarabine was transiently abolished by the FLT3 inhibitor PKC412, and this effect was associated with decreased hENT1 mRNA and protein levels. Noticeably, the cytotoxicity of cytarabine was lower when cells were first exposed to FLT3 inhibitors (PKC412 or AC220), probably due to decreased hENT1 activity, but we observed a higher cytotoxic effect if FLT3 inhibitors were administered after cytarabine.FLT3 regulates hENT1 activity and thereby affects cytarabine cytotoxicity. The sequence of administration of cytarabine and FLT3 inhibitors is important to maintain their efficacy.


Assuntos
Citarabina/metabolismo , Transportador Equilibrativo 1 de Nucleosídeo/metabolismo , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/metabolismo , Proteína de Leucina Linfoide-Mieloide/metabolismo , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/metabolismo , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/metabolismo , Adolescente , Apoptose , Transporte Biológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Transportador Equilibrativo 2 de Nucleosídeo/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Mutação , Proteínas de Transporte de Nucleosídeos/metabolismo , Estaurosporina/análogos & derivados , Estaurosporina/farmacologia
13.
Eur J Pediatr ; 175(7): 1013-7, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27165499

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: Maternal combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) successfully prevents HIV mother-to-child transmission but also causes hematological toxicity in the HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) infant. We performed a single-center prospective observational study. Hematological toxicity during the first year of life (at 3 and 6 weeks, and 3, 6, and 12 months) was compared between HEU infants born in two different time periods: P1 (2000-2001) and P2 (2007-2013). Mother-infant pairs in P1 (n = 55) and P2 (n = 48) mainly differed in maternal ethnic origin, HIV route of transmission, and cART regimens. Anemia and neutropenia were both less common in P2 than P1, albeit not significantly. Earlier normalization of red blood cell mean corpuscular volume levels in P2 infants suggests that current cART maternal regimens and shorter neonatal prophylaxis are less toxic. Leukocyte, lymphocyte, and platelet counts remained within normal values during follow-up, without differences between groups. CONCLUSION: New cART regimens have had very little impact on the hematological toxicity in HEU infants. WHAT IS KNOWN: • Antiretroviral drugs during pregnancy and the neonatal period very effectively prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection. • Hematological toxicity has been widely reported among HIV-exposed uninfected children. What is New: • In HIV-exposed uninfected children, hematological toxicity is still mainly caused by exposure to zidovudine. • New antiretroviral drugs have very little impact on hematological toxicity among HIV-exposed uninfected children.


Assuntos
Fármacos Anti-HIV/efeitos adversos , Antirretrovirais/efeitos adversos , Infecções por HIV/transmissão , Doenças Hematológicas/induzido quimicamente , Transmissão Vertical de Doença Infecciosa/prevenção & controle , Zidovudina/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/sangue , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos
15.
Hum Mutat ; 35(1): 15-26, 2014 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24115288

RESUMO

Congenital erythrocytosis (CE), or congenital polycythemia, represents a rare and heterogeneous clinical entity. It is caused by deregulated red blood cell production where erythrocyte overproduction results in elevated hemoglobin and hematocrit levels. Primary congenital familial erythrocytosis is associated with low erythropoietin (Epo) levels and results from mutations in the Epo receptor gene (EPOR). Secondary CE arises from conditions causing tissue hypoxia and results in increased Epo production. These include hemoglobin variants with increased affinity for oxygen (HBB, HBA mutations), decreased production of 2,3-bisphosphoglycerate due to BPGM mutations, or mutations in the genes involved in the hypoxia sensing pathway (VHL, EPAS1, and EGLN1). Depending on the affected gene, CE can be inherited either in an autosomal dominant or recessive mode, with sporadic cases arising de novo. Despite recent important discoveries in the molecular pathogenesis of CE, the molecular causes remain to be identified in about 70% of the patients. With the objective of collecting all the published and unpublished cases of CE the COST action MPN&MPNr-Euronet developed a comprehensive Internet-based database focusing on the registration of clinical history, hematological, biochemical, and molecular data (http://www.erythrocytosis.org/). In addition, unreported mutations are also curated in the corresponding Leiden Open Variation Database.


Assuntos
Bases de Dados Genéticas , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Mutação , Policitemia/congênito , Receptores da Eritropoetina/genética , Hipóxia Celular/genética , Eritropoetina/metabolismo , Humanos , Internet , Policitemia/genética , Policitemia/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/genética
16.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 60(9): E103-5, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23776087

RESUMO

Central venous catheter (CVC) removal is indicated when persistent catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) occurs. This is a retrospective study to analyze the use of linezolid as a salvage therapy for CRBSIs due to coagulase-negative Staphylococci in children diagnosed with acute leukemia. Seven treatment courses of linezolid were administrated to six patients with port-type-CRBSI after non-effective intravenous vancomycin or teicoplanin treatment. Simultaneous lock and systemic therapy with linezolid avoided the removal of port-type-CVC in all cases. Treatment with linezolid was an alternative to catheter removal in these patients. Prospective studies are needed to confirm linezolid effectiveness as a salvage treatment in CRBSI.


Assuntos
Acetamidas/administração & dosagem , Anti-Infecciosos/administração & dosagem , Cateteres Venosos Centrais , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Oxazolidinonas/administração & dosagem , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Estafilocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Staphylococcus , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/microbiologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Linezolida , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/microbiologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Terapia de Salvação , Infecções Estafilocócicas/microbiologia
17.
J Pediatr Hematol Oncol ; 35(5): e194-9, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23652875

RESUMO

The use of intensive chemotherapy and central devices has improved patients survival, but it is associated with catheter-related blood-stream infections (CRBSI). An educational program was instituted for preventing CRBSI occurrence in acute leukemia pediatric patients having totally implanted central devices. The Centers of Disease Control and Prevention criteria were used as definition for CRBSI. Data collected were age, sex, diagnosis, chemotherapy, inpatient versus outpatient, microbiological data, risk factors, social risk score, and treatment performed. CRBSI rate decreased from 6.7 to 3.7/1000 catheter-days with preventive measures (P=0.05). A further decrease to 1.5/1000 catheter-days was reached after the intensification of the educational program (P=0.01). Severe neutropenia at the time of catheter insertion was related to CRBSI and to infection recurrence (P<0.05). Most of the episodes occurred during induction chemotherapy. Thirty-six CRBSI episodes occurred in 25 of 73 patients. The most frequent microorganism isolated was Staphylococcus spp. Antibiotherapy was successful in 83.3% of episodes. Six patients needed a central venous access device replacement. Our intervention program was successful to decrease the CRBSI rates and its intensification allowed a further decrease, approaching reported rates in this setting. Severe neutropenia at the time of central venous access device insertion was related to CRBSI occurrence and recurrence.


Assuntos
Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/prevenção & controle , Cateterismo Venoso Central/efeitos adversos , Cateteres Venosos Centrais/efeitos adversos , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Leucemia/tratamento farmacológico , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Bacteriemia/prevenção & controle , Bacteriemia/transmissão , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Controle de Infecções/instrumentação , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Profissional para o Paciente/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Médicos , Estudos Prospectivos
19.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 139(4): 141-149, jul. 2012. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-101841

RESUMO

Fundamento y objetivo: La leucemia linfoblástica aguda (LLA) es el cáncer más frecuente en la edad pediátrica, con tasas de curación del 80-85%. En la LLA de fenotipo T (LLA-T, 15% de casos) los factores pronósticos no están bien definidos. Nuestro objetivo es analizar la supervivencia y los factores pronósticos clínicos en una serie de pacientes con LLA-T. Pacientes y método: Se analizaron los niños con LLA-T (1-18 años) tratados según los protocolos SHOP/LLA-89/LLA-94/LLA-99/LLA-2005 (desde febrero de 1989 hasta noviembre de 2009) en 37 instituciones. Resultados: Se incluyeron 218 pacientes con LLA-T sobre un total de 1.652 LLA pediátricas. De ellos, 164 (75%) eran varones. La edad mediana fue de 7,8 años (extremos 1,3-18,6). La mediana de leucocitos fue 78,2×109/l (extremos 0,8-930). Quince niños (6,8%) tuvieron infiltración del sistema nervioso central (SNC). En cuanto a la respuesta al tratamiento de inducción, 150 (75%) pacientes tenían menos de 5% de blastos en médula ósea del día +14 y 199 alcanzaron la remisión completa. La supervivencia global (SG) media (DE) a 60 meses para los protocolos SHOP/LLA-89, LLA-94 y LLA-99 fue del 48 (8), 49 (6) y 70 (6) %, respectivamente, y la SG a 48 meses para el protocolo SHOP/LLA-05 (protocolo en curso) del 74 (8) %. La mediana de seguimiento fue de 206, 152, 74 y 17 meses, respectivamente. El análisis de factores pronósticos no mostró diferencias significativas en cuanto a sexo ni edad. Resultaron significativos la cifra de leucocitos mayor o igual a 200×109/l (p=0,024), la infiltración del SNC al diagnóstico (p<0,006), la respuesta al tratamiento (médula ósea día +14) (p=0,005) y la remisión completa al final de la inducción (p=0,0000). Conclusiones: Los resultados obtenidos en la LLA-T con los protocolos SHOP/LLA-89 y SHOP/LLA-94 fueron inferiores a otros protocolos contemporáneos, pero la supervivencia mejoró en los 2 últimos protocolos. En concordancia con otras series de LLA-T, la respuesta al tratamiento fue el principal factor pronóstico (AU)


Background and objectives: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most frequent cancer in childhood, with cure rates of 80-85%. In T-cell ALL (15% of ALL), prognostic factors are ill defined. We aimed to describe the event-free survival (EFS) and analyze clinical prognostic factors in a series of pediatric T-ALL of 4 consecutive clinical trials. Patients and methods: Children with T-ALL aged 1-18 years treated in 37 institutions in Spain were enrolled in 4 consecutive trials from February-1989 to November-2009. Results: A total of 218 T-ALL patients out of 1,652 pediatric ALL were evaluable during the study period (SHOP/ALL-89: 35, ALL-94: 63, ALL-99: 62, ALL-2005: 58). There were 164 boys (75%). Median age (years) was 7.8 range (1.3-18.6). Median leukocytes (109/L) was 78.2, range 0.8-930. Fifteen (6.8%) children had central nervous system (CNS) involvement at diagnosis. Regarding response to induction treatment, 150 (75%) patients had less than 5% blasts on day-14 bone marrow and 199 achieved complete remission at the end of induction. Overall survival (OS) at 60 months for SHOP/ALL-89, ALL-94, ALL-99 was 48 (8), 49 (6), 70 (6) %, respectively, and at 48 months for SHOP/ALL-2005 (ongoing protocol) was 74 (8) %. Median follow-up (months) was 206, 152, 74 and 17 respectively. Analysis of prognostic factors revealed no statistical differences regarding sex or age. Leukocyte count over 200×109/l (P=.024), CNS infiltration at diagnosis (P<.006) and treatment response had prognostic significance (end-induction complete remission) (P=.0000), day 14-bone marrow (P=.005). Conclusions:Results for the SHOP/ALL-89 and ALL-94 protocols were inferior to other contemporary protocols but there has been an improvement in survival in the 2 last trials. In line with other T-ALL series, response to treatment had the strongest prognostic impact (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Infiltração Leucêmica/patologia , Quimioterapia de Indução/métodos , Protocolos Clínicos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Prognóstico , Progressão da Doença , Distribuição por Idade e Sexo , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 139(4): 141-9, 2012 Jul 07.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22459573

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most frequent cancer in childhood, with cure rates of 80-85%. In T-cell ALL (15% of ALL), prognostic factors are ill defined. We aimed to describe the event-free survival (EFS) and analyze clinical prognostic factors in a series of pediatric T-ALL of 4 consecutive clinical trials. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Children with T-ALL aged 1-18 years treated in 37 institutions in Spain were enrolled in 4 consecutive trials from February-1989 to November-2009. RESULTS: A total of 218 T-ALL patients out of 1,652 pediatric ALL were evaluable during the study period (SHOP/ALL-89: 35, ALL-94: 63, ALL-99: 62, ALL-2005: 58). There were 164 boys (75%). Median age (years) was 7.8 range (1.3-18.6). Median leukocytes (10(9)/L) was 78.2, range 0.8-930. Fifteen (6.8%) children had central nervous system (CNS) involvement at diagnosis. Regarding response to induction treatment, 150 (75%) patients had less than 5% blasts on day-14 bone marrow and 199 achieved complete remission at the end of induction. Overall survival (OS) at 60 months for SHOP/ALL-89, ALL-94, ALL-99 was 48 (8), 49 (6), 70 (6) %, respectively, and at 48 months for SHOP/ALL-2005 (ongoing protocol) was 74 (8) %. Median follow-up (months) was 206, 152, 74 and 17 respectively. Analysis of prognostic factors revealed no statistical differences regarding sex or age. Leukocyte count over 200×10(9)/l (P=.024), CNS infiltration at diagnosis (P<.006) and treatment response had prognostic significance (end-induction complete remission) (P=.0000), day 14-bone marrow (P=.005). CONCLUSIONS: Results for the SHOP/ALL-89 and ALL-94 protocols were inferior to other contemporary protocols but there has been an improvement in survival in the 2 last trials. In line with other T-ALL series, response to treatment had the strongest prognostic impact.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Quimioterapia de Consolidação , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução , Lactente , Quimioterapia de Manutenção , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espanha , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
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