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1.
Gene ; 807: 145951, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500051

RESUMO

AIMS: The purpose of the present study was to analyze the role of selected polymorphisms of SIRT3 and SIRT5 in gastric carcinogenesis. METHODS: For this study, 500 blood samples of GC patients and 500 blood samples of healthy individuals were collected. Six selected polymorphisms of mitochondrial sirtuins were analyzed for analysis using Tetra-Arms PCR followed by DNA sequencing. RESULTS: Mutant allele frequencies of selected polymorphisms [rs3782116 (p < 0.0001), rs6598072 (p < 0.0001) and rs11246020 (p < 0.0001), rs938222 (p = 0.0136), rs3757261 (p = 0.0005) and rs2841511 (p = 0.0015)] were observed significant higher in GC patients vs controls. Haplotype analysis was performed, and 51 haplotypes were generated using haploview software. Among these haplotypes, eleven haplotypes were found associated with a significantly increased risk of GC. Furthermore, SNP-SNP interaction showed a significant correlation between studied SNPs and GC risk. Kaplan Meier analysis showed that mutant allele frequencies of selected polymorphisms are linked with a significant decrease in survival of GC patients CONCLUSIONS: It can be concluded that selected SNPs may be associated with enhanced risk of GC and hence can be potential prognostic markers for prognosis and predisposition of GC.

2.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 4): 132406, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597649

RESUMO

Being analogue to arsenic (As), phosphorus (P) may affect As dynamics in soil and toxicity to plants depending upon many soil and plant factors. Two sets of experiments were conducted to determine the effect of P on As fractionation in soils, its accumulation by plants and subsequent impact on growth, yield and physiological characteristics of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Experimental plan comprised of two As levels (60 and 120 mg As kg-1 soil), four P (0-5-10-20 g phosphate rock kg-1 soil) and three textural types (sandy, loamy and clayey) with three replications. Among different As fractions determined, labile, calcium-bound, organic matter-bound and residual As increased while iron-bound and aluminum-bound As decreased with increasing P in all the three textural types. Labile-As percentage increased in the presence of P by 16.9-48.0% at As60 while 36.0-68.1% at As120 in sandy, 19.1-64.0% at As60 while 11.5-52.3% at As120 in loamy, and 21.8-58.2% at As60 while 22.3-70.0% at As120 in clayey soil compared to respective As treatment without P. Arsenic accumulation in plant tissues at both contamination levels declined with P addition as evidenced by lower bioconcentration factor. Phosphorus mitigated the As-induced oxidative stress expressed in term of reduced hydrogen peroxide, malondialdehyde while increased glutathione, and consequently improved the achene yield. Although, P increased As solubility in soil but restricted its translocation to plant, leading to reversal of oxidative damage, and improved sunflower growth and yield in all the three soil textural types, more profound effect at highest P level and in sandy texture.

3.
Int J Phytoremediation ; : 1-12, 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634959

RESUMO

Heavy metals pollution represents a serious issue for cultivable lands and ultimately threatens the worldwide food security. Lead (Pb) is a menacing metal which induces toxicity in plants and humans. Lead toxicity reduces the photosynthesis in plants, resulting in the reduction of plant growth and biomass. The excessive concentration of Pb in soil accumulates in plants body and enters into food chain, resulting in health hazards in humans. The phytoremediation is eco-friendly and cost-efficient technique to clean up the polluted soils. However, to the best of our Knowledge, there are very few reports addressing the enhancement of the phytoremediation potential of castor bean plants. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the potential role of glutathione (GSH), as a promising plant growth regulator, in enhancing the lead stress tolerance and phytoremediation potential of castor bean plants grown under lead stress conditions. The results indicated that Pb stress reduced the growth, biomass, chlorophyll pigments and gas exchange attributes of castor bean plants, causing oxidative damage in plants. Pb stress induced the oxidative stress markers and activities of antioxidant enzymes. On the other hand, the application of GSH reduced oxidative stress markers, but enhanced the growth, biomass, photosynthetic pigments, gas exchange attributes, Pb accumulation and antioxidant enzymes activities of lead-stressed castor bean plants. Both Pb uptake and Pb accumulation were increased by increasing concentrations of Pb in a dose-additive manner. However, at high dose of exogenous GSH (25 mg L-1) further enhancements were recorded in the Pb uptake in shoot by 48% and in root by 46%; Pb accumulation was further enhanced in shoot by 98% and in root by 101% in comparison with the respective control where no GSH was applied. Taken together, the findings revealed the promising role of GSH in enhancing the lead stress tolerance and phytoremediation potential of castor bean (Ricinus communis) plants cultivated in Pb-polluted soils through regulating leaf gas exchange, antioxidants machinery, and metal uptake.

4.
J Adv Res ; 33: 15-40, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34603776

RESUMO

Background: The cumulative influence of global warming, climate abrupt changes, growing population, topsoil erosion is becoming a threatening alarm for facing food challenges and upcoming global water issues. It ultimately affects the production of food in a water-stressed environment and slows down the production with more consumption of fertilizers by plants. The superabsorbent hydrogels (SAHs) have extensive applications in the agricultural field and proved very beneficial for plant growth and soil health. These polymeric materials are remarkably distinct from hygroscopic materials owing to their multidimensional network structure. It retains a lot of water in its 3D network and releases it slowly along with nutrients to plant in stressed environment. Aim of review: A soil conditioner boosts up the topology, compactness, and mechanical properties (swelling, water retention, and slow nutrient release) of soil. The superabsorbent hydrogel plays an astonishing role in preventing the loss of nutrients during the heavy flow of rainwater from the upper surface of soil because these SAHs absorb water and get swollen to keep water for longer time. The SAHs facilitate the growth of plants with limited use of water and fertilizers. Beyond, it improves the soil health and makes it fertile in horticulture and drought areas. Key scientific concept of review: The SAHs can be synthesized through grafting and cross-linking polymerization to introduce value-added features and extended network structure. The structure of superabsorbent hydrogel entirely based on cross-linking that prompts its use in the agricultural field as a soil conditioner. The properties of a SAHs vary due to its nature of constituents, polymerization process (grafting or cross-linking), and other parameters. The use of SAHs in agricultural field comparatively enhances the swelling rate up to 60-80%, maximum water retaining, and slowly nutrient release to plants for a longer time.

5.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 191: 964-972, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597697

RESUMO

The incredible benefits of Alstonia scholaris are piquing researchers' attention in extracting its cellulose and utilizing it in further therapeutic applications. This study is based on cellulose extraction from its stalks and processed through chemical pre-treatments to manifest its cellulose content by using different bleaching reagents. A comparison was made on efficiencies of three reagents and it is found that the hydrogen peroxide exposed maximum cellulose than sodium hypochlorite and sodium chlorite. The experimental results revealed that A. scholaris possess 68-70% cellulose content. FTIR spectrum shows that OH- and CH- vibrations of cellulose appeared at 3320 cm-1 & 2892 cm-1 respectively whereas SEM images show fibrillation, rough surface, and lumens in bleached fiber that attributes to the removal of lignin and hemicelluloses and confirms cellulose extraction. The XRD pattern certifies the crystalline nature and compactness of cellulose whereas tensile properties and TGA help in understanding its flexibility, mechanical strength, and thermal stability at 370 °C respectively.

6.
Pak J Pharm Sci ; 34(3(Supplementary)): 1157-1163, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34602446

RESUMO

Routinely used anti-inflammatory drugs are associated with off-target effects such as cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 inhibition and gastric ulcers. The aim of this study is to examine the anti-inflammatory potential and gastroprotective effects of synthetic amino acid derivatives of 2-mercaptobenzimidazole (MBAA1, MBAA2, MBAA3, MBAA4 and MBAA5). The results showed that compound MBAA5 possess a potential anti-inflammatory action by inhibition of 15-LOX and COX-2. MBAA5 also attenuated the pro-inflammatory cytokines and mediators (TNF-α, IL-1ß and COX-2) in rat hind paw in carrageenan-induced inflammatory model of rat. 2-mercaptobenzimidazole derivative, MBAA5 also inhibited gastric H+/K+ ATPase and demonstrated a better selectivity index for COX-2 (SI 27.17) in comparison to celecoxib (SI 41.43). Molecular docking studies predicted the binding interactions of the synthesized compounds with retrieved target proteins of H+/K+ ATPase, COX-1, COX-2, and 15-LOX. The results of in silico and molecular docking analysis of amino acid derivatives of 2-mercaptobenzimidazoles further explained their pharmacological activities. Moreover, these compounds presented better antimicrobial activity against three clinical isolates of Helicobacter pylori. Together, our findings suggested that these synthetic 2-mercaptobenzimidazole derivatives are safer therapeutic candidates for inflammation.

7.
Environ Pollut ; : 118269, 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601037

RESUMO

Arsenic contamination of ground water is a worldwide issue, causing a number of ailments in humans. As an engineered and integrated solution, a hybrid vertical subsurface flow constructed wetland (VSSF-CW) amended with BCXZM composite (Bacillus XZM immobilized on rice husk biochar), was found effective for the bioremediation of arsenic contaminated water. Biological filter was prepared by amending top 3 cm of VSSF-CW bed with BCXZM. This filter scavenged ∼64% of total arsenic and removal efficiency of ∼95% was achieved by amended and planted (As + P + B) VSSF-CW, while non-amended (As + P) VSSF-CW showed a removal efficiency of ∼55%. The unplanted and amended (As + B) VSSF-CW showed a removal efficiency of ∼70%. The symbiotic association of Bacillus XZM, confirmed by SEM micrographs, significantly (p ≤ 0.05) reduced reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA) accumulation in Typha latifolia, hence, increasing the plant growth (2 folds). An increase in the indole acetic acid (IAA) and arsenic accumulation in plant was also observed in As + P + B system. The removal efficiency of the system was compromised after 4th consecutive cycle and 48 h was observed as optimum retention time. The FTIR-spectra showed the involvement of -N-H bond, carboxylic acids, -CH2 stretching of -CH2 and -CH3, carbonyl groups, -C-H, C-O-P and C-O-C, sulphur/thiol and phosphate functional groups in the bio-sorption of arsenic by BCXZM filter. Our study is a first reported on the simultaneous phytoextraction and biosorption of arsenic in a hybrid VSSF-CW. It is proposed that BCXZM can be applied effectively in CWs for the bioremediation of arsenic contaminated water on large scale.

8.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 20699, 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34667179

RESUMO

The non-persistent impact of biocontrol agents can be revealed for pest control when associated entomopathogenic fungi (EPFs) negatively affect the natural enemies. In this assay, impacts of Beauvaria bassiana (Balsamo) Vuillemin, and Metarhizium anisopliae (Metschnikoff) Sorokin were studied for their compatibility or side effects on life table parameters of an important generalist predator, Coccinella septempunctata L. The results indicated non-significant impacts of both EPFs on life table parameters of C. septempunctata. The development time (egg-adult) was not significantly different in control (69.79 days) and EPFs treated C. septempunctata (69.35-80.07 days). Both fungi did not induce any significant changes in the fecundity, adult pre-oviposition period (APOP), total preoviposition period (TPOP), and mean generation time (T) as compared to control treatment. Similarly, no difference in fecundity rate of C. septempunctata was observed after EPFs treatment (287.7-288.5) compared to control (290.0). The highest net reproductive rate (R0) occurred in control (87.05 offspring individual-1) and M. anisopliae (86.31 offspring individual-1) as compared to B. bassiana treated beetles (76.97 offspring individual-1). The age-specific fecundity curves indicated that the C. septempunctata had a similar fecundity rate in both EPFs treatments and control. This study demonstrates no significant side effects of B. bassiana and M. anispoliae on the performance and biology of C. septempunctata. Considering the compatibility of both EPFs with C. septempunctata, their combinations can be recommended in various integrated pest management programs.

9.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 227: 112888, 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34649136

RESUMO

Heavy metals (HMs) contamination in agricultural soils is a major concern for global food safety and human health. Although, various in-situ and ex-situ remediation methods have been used for the treatment of HMs contaminated soils, however, they also have many drawbacks viz., capital investment, toxicity, and environmental health hazards. Consequently, there is an urgent need to develop a novel method to ameliorate the toxicity of HMs in agricultural soils. In recent years, nanoparticles (NPs) have gained significant attention due to their potential applications in the environment and agriculture fields. Nanoremediation employs NPs that effectively reduce the contents of toxic HMs in the soil-plant system. Several studies have reported that the application of NPs in HMs-polluted soils, which reduced plant-available HMs concentration soils. However, the long-term efficiency of NPs immobilization is still unclear. Here, we provide details about the toxicity of HMs to environmental systems and potential applications NPs to alleviate the accumulation of HMs in agricultural soils. Finally, we present the mechanistic route of HMs-toxicity alleviation in plants by NPs application as well as their long-term efficiency and future prospects.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605559

RESUMO

This study reports the increment in the secondary metabolites in Stevia rebaudiana plant after exposure to the elimination of Ca and Mg from Murashige and Skoog culture medium. The effect of nutrient stress on regenerants of S. rebaudiana is measured, which reveals significantly enhanced growth parameters, steviol glycosides (SGs) content, and nonenzymatic antioxidants; total phenolic content, total flavonoid content, total antioxidant capacity, total reducing power, and DPPH-free radical scavenging activity as compared with the control treatment. However, significantly highest amounts are obtained in a medium with only Ca deficiency. The amount of rebaudioside A (Reb A) and stevioside (ST) obtained in the case of Ca-deficient medium is 4.08 and 0.69%, respectively. It is followed by the results obtained from both Ca- and Mg-deprived medium [Reb A (3.23%) and ST (0.52%)] and the lowest values are obtained from medium lacking Mg only [Reb A (2.60%) and ST (0.40%)]. The most probable adaptation mechanism might be the production of reactive oxygen species by nutrients' stress, which results in secondary metabolites production as defensive moieties to overcome stress situation. This effective protocol needs to be refined to apply on an industrial scale in bioreactors for increasing quantities of commercially important pharmaceutical compounds.

12.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt A): 127024, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481401

RESUMO

The present work mechanistically addressed the problem of arsenic (As) contamination in agricultural soils by using locally isolated Bacillus sp. strain ZH16 and biogenic molybdenum nanoparticles (MoNPs) simultaneously for the first time. The interactions of MoNPs with strain ZH16 and ZH16-inoculated wheat plants were examined under As non-spiked and spiked conditions. The biogenic MoNPs showed efficient biocompatibility with strain ZH16 by promoting indole-3-acetic acid synthesis, phosphate solubilization and ACC deaminase activity without and with As stress. The results from greenhouse experiment revealed that co-application of biogenic MoNPs and bacterial strain ZH16 significantly promoted the morphological parameters, nutrients content and ionic balance of wheat plants under normal and As spiked conditions. Furthermore, combining the bacterial strain ZH16 with biogenic MoNPs dramatically reduced As translocation in plants (30.3%) as compared to ZH16-inoculated wheat plants. Conclusively, our results elucidate the importance of synergistic application of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) and biogenic MoNPs to counteract global food safety issues in a sustainable manner. The biogenic NPs could serve as stabilizing agent for PGPR by facilitating their colonization in plant holobiont regardless of environmental conditions. These novel advancements will provide new insights into nano-oriented PGPR research in the agricultural sector.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34476635

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) contamination and soil salinity are the main environmental issues reducing crop productivity. This study aimed to examine the combined effects of salinity (NaCl) and Cd on the physiological and biochemical attributes of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.). For this purpose, 30-day-old plants of quinoa genotype "Puno" were transplanted in Hoagland's nutrient solution containing diverse concentrations of Cd: 0, 50, 100, 200 µM Cd, and salinity: 0, 150, and 300 mM NaCl. Results demonstrated that plant growth, stomatal conductance, and pigment contents were significantly lower at all Cd concentrations than the control plants. Quinoa plants exhibited improved growth and tolerance against Cd when grown at a lower level of salinity (150 mM NaCl) combined with Cd. In contrast, the elevated concentration of salinity (300 mM NaCl) combined with Cd reduced shoot and root growth of experimental plants more than 50%. Combined application of salinity and Cd increased Na (25-fold), while lessened the Cd (twofold) and K (1.5-fold) uptake. A blend of high concentrations of Na and Cd caused overproduction of H2O2 (eightfold higher than control) contents and triggered lipid peroxidation. The activities of antioxidant enzymes: ascorbate peroxidase (APX), catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POD), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were 13, 12, 7 and ninefold higher than control to mitigate the oxidative stress. Due to restricted root to shoot translocation, and greater tolerance potential against Cd, the quinoa genotype, Puno, is suitable for phytostabilization of Cd in saline soils.

14.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt B): 127175, 2021 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537649

RESUMO

Boron (B) toxicity is one of the limiting factors affecting plant growth. Previous studies showed that silicon (Si) application could alleviate B toxicity. However, there is limited information on how Si alleviates B toxicity in rice, particularly nano-silicon (SiNP). Therefore, the current study aimed to explore the foliar function of SiNP in the reduction of B toxicity in rice. The results showed that B toxicity significantly hampered root and shoot development. However, SiNP application increased root and shoot lengths by 14.29% and 29.67%, respectively, compared to B toxicity treatment. Moreover, SiNP increased fresh weight (FW) of root (28.02%) and shoot (34%) and enhanced dry weight (DW) of root (65.13%), and shoot (26.87%), compared to B toxicity treatment. The application of SiNP decreased the translocation of B to leaves and promoted B adsorption to leaf cell wall. In roots, SiNP triggered high B accumulation and Fourier infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) also suggested higher peak values of functional groups (pectin), indicating that cell wall polysaccharides can adsorb high concentration of B. Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) investigations showed that SiNP treated roots had a well-arranged structure of alkali-soluble pectin (ASP), and ultrastructure of root was well organized. Cell wall adsorbed more than 80% of total B. All of these results suggest that SiNP can alleviate B toxicity in rice seedlings.

15.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-15, 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34554039

RESUMO

Soil contamination with toxic heavy metals (HMs) poses a serious threat to global food safety, soil ecosystem and human health. The rapid industrialization, urbanization and extensive application of agrochemicals on arable land have led to paddy soil pollution worldwide. Rice plants easily accumulate toxic HMs from contaminated agricultural soils, which ultimately accumulated in grains and enters the food chain. Although, physical and chemical remediation techniques have been used for the treatment of HMs-contaminated soils, however, they also have many drawbacks, such as toxicity, capital investment and environmental-associated hazards. Recently, engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) have gained substantial attention owing to their promising environmental remediation applications. Numerous studies have revealed the use of ENMs for reclamation of toxic HMs from contaminated environment. This review mainly focuses on HMs toxicity in paddy soils along with potential health risks to humans. It also provides a critical outlook on the recent advances and future perspectives of nanoremediation strategies. Additionally, we will also propose the interacting mechanism of HMs-ENMs to counteract metal-associated phytotoxicities in rice plants to achieve global food security and environmental safety.

16.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 225: 112769, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509968

RESUMO

Salinity stress is one of the most destructive non-biological stresses in plants that has adversely affected many agricultural lands in the world. Salinity stress causes many morphological, physiological, epigenetic and genetic changes in plants by increasing sodium and chlorine ions in the plant cells. The plants can alleviate this disorder to some extent through various mechanisms and return the cell to its original state, but if the salt dose is high, the plants may not be able to provide a proper response and can die due to salt stress. Nowadays, scientists have offered many solutions to this problem. Nanotechnology is one of the most emerging and efficient technologies that has been entered in this field and has recorded very brilliant results. Although some studies have confirmed the positive effects of nontechnology on plants under salinity stress, there is no the complete understanding of the relationship and interaction of nanoparticles and intracellular mechanisms in the plants. In the review paper, we have tried to reach a conclusion from the latest articles that how NPs could help salt-stressed plants to recover their cells under salt stress so that we can take a step towards clearing the existing ambiguities for researchers in this field.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Estresse Salino , Nanotecnologia , Salinidade , Estresse Fisiológico
17.
Mult Scler Relat Disord ; 56: 103228, 2021 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492630

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS), as a neurodegenerative disorder, exhibits inflammation and oxidative stress hallmarks. OBJECTIVE: The research aims to know any disturbances in haematological parameters and antioxidant system of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) patients in the Kurdish population. METHODS: A case-control research meeting following the McDonald criterion was conducted on 100 RRMS patients and 100 controls. RESULTS: Lipid peroxidation products of malondialdehyde (MDA), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and total leucocyte counts (TLCs) were increased significantly, but copper (Cu+2) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were decreased significantly while nitric oxide metabolites (NOx) and lymphocyte were not changed significantly if compared with that of controls. CONCLUSION: Findings from our study revealed that some defects were detected in haematological profiles in the Kurdish population and disturbance of immunological parameters. In addition, the utilization of Cu+2 supplement as an effective modality for RRMS patients may be beneficial.

18.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 223: 112575, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34352575

RESUMO

Treatment of liver cancer has always been a challenge for clinicians and development of appropriate drug against hepatocellular carcinoma is the major focus for researchers working in the field. The synthesis of metal-based nanoparticles (NPs) by green method for pharmacological uses has attained considerable attention recently. In current study three different NPs (AgO2, CeO2, CuO2) were synthesized by using Trianthima portulacastrum and Chinopodium quinoa leaf extracts. These biogenic NPs were analyzed by High-tech. approaches including Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) with Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscope, SEM-EDS spot analysis, elemental mapping and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The anticancer potential of these nanoparticles was estimated using MTT assay, against hepatic cancer cell line (HepG2). SEM secondary electron images presented the nano size of prepared particles in agglomerated form with few porous forms. Average size of Ag-, Ce-, and CuNPs was observed 19-24 nm, 8-12 nm, 13-15 nm respectively. Elemental mapping and EDS-spot analysis ratifies the formation of AgNPs, CeNPs, and CuNPs. These NPs have shown good anticancer activity at different concentrations against HepG2 cell line. Further studies are however needed to identify the molecular mechanisms of these anticancer activities.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Antibacterianos , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Prata , Difração de Raios X
19.
Animals (Basel) ; 11(7)2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34359134

RESUMO

The mRNAs and long non-coding RNAs axes are playing a vital role in the regulating of post-transcriptional gene expression. Thereby, elucidating the expression pattern of mRNAs and long non-coding RNAs underlying testis development is crucial. In this study, mRNA and long non-coding RNAs expression profiles were investigated in 3-month-old calves and 3-year-old mature bulls' testes by total RNA sequencing. Additionally, during the gene level analysis, 21,250 mRNAs and 20,533 long non-coding RNAs were identified. As a result, 7908 long non-coding RNAs (p-adjust < 0.05) and 5122 mRNAs (p-adjust < 0.05) were significantly differentially expressed between the distinct age groups. In addition, gene ontology and biological pathway analyses revealed that the predicted target genes are enriched in the lysine degradation, cell cycle, propanoate metabolism, adherens junction and cell adhesion molecules pathways. Correspondingly, the RT-qPCR validation results showed a strong consistency with the sequencing data. The source genes for the mRNAs (CCDC83, DMRTC2, HSPA2, IQCG, PACRG, SPO11, EHHADH, SPP1, NSD2 and ACTN4) and the long non-coding RNAs (COX7A2, COX6B2, TRIM37, PRM2, INHBA, ERBB4, SDHA, ATP6VOA2, FGF9 and TCF21) were found to be actively associated with bull sexual maturity and spermatogenesis. This study provided a comprehensive catalog of long non-coding RNAs in the bovine testes and also offered useful resources for understanding the differences in sexual development caused by the changes in the mRNA and long non-coding RNA interaction expressions between the immature and mature stages.

20.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 4786227, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34457112

RESUMO

The anti-cancer, anti-aging, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anti-diabetic effects of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) produced from aqueous leaf extract of Aquilegia pubiflora were evaluated in this study. Several methods were used to characterize ZnO-NPs, including SEM, FTIR, XRD, DLS, PL, Raman, and HPLC. The nanoparticles that had a size of 34.23 nm as well as a strong aqueous dispersion potential were highly pure, spherical or elliptical in form, and had a mean size of 34.23 nm. According to FTIR and HPLC studies, the flavonoids and hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives were successfully capped. Synthesized ZnO-NPs in water have a zeta potential of -18.4 mV, showing that they are stable solutions. The ZnO-NPs proved to be highly toxic for the HepG2 cell line and showed a reduced cell viability of 23.68 ± 2.1% after 24 hours of ZnO-NP treatment. ZnO-NPs also showed excellent inhibitory potential against the enzymes acetylcholinesterase (IC50: 102 µg/mL) and butyrylcholinesterase (IC50: 125 µg/mL) which are involved in Alzheimer's disease. Overall, the enzymes involved in aging, diabetes, and inflammation showed a moderate inhibitory response to ZnO-NPs. Given these findings, these biosynthesized ZnO-NPs could be a good option for the cure of deadly diseases such as cancer, diabetes, Alzheimer's, and other inflammatory diseases due to their strong anticancer potential and efficient antioxidant properties.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Aquilegia/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/administração & dosagem , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta/química , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/farmacologia , Óxido de Zinco/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células , Inibidores da Colinesterase/farmacologia , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Técnicas In Vitro , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química
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