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1.
J Comput Assist Tomogr ; 42(5): 732-738, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29613994

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the performance of arrhythmia-insensitive rapid (AIR) and modified Look-Locker inversion recovery (MOLLI) T1 mapping in patients with cardiomyopathies. METHODS: In 58 patients referred for clinical cardiac magnetic resonance imaging at 1.5 T, we compared MOLLI and AIR native and postcontrast T1 measurements. Two readers independently analyzed myocardial and blood T1 values. Agreement between techniques, interreader agreement per technique, and intrascan agreement per technique were evaluated. RESULTS: The MOLLI and AIR T1 values were strongly correlated (r = 0.98); however, statistically significantly different T1 values were derived (bias 80 milliseconds, pooled data, P < 0.01). Both techniques demonstrated high repeatability (MOLLI, r = 1.00 and coefficient of repeatability [CR] = 72 milliseconds; AIR, r = 0.99 and CR = 184.2 milliseconds) and produced high interreader agreement (MOLLI, r = 1.00 and CR = 51.7 milliseconds; AIR, r = 0.99 and CR = 183.5 milliseconds). CONCLUSIONS: Arrhythmia-insensitive rapid and MOLLI sequences produced significantly different T1 values in a diverse patient cohort.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Arritmias Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Cardiomiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiomiopatias/fisiopatologia , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Arritmias Cardíacas/complicações , Cardiomiopatias/complicações , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Radiology ; 288(2): 398-406, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29688154

RESUMO

Purpose To compare left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular (RV) 3.0-T cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) imaging T1 values in Anderson-Fabry disease (AFD) and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and evaluate the diagnostic value of native T1 values beyond age, sex, and conventional imaging features. Materials and Methods For this prospective study, 30 patients with gene-positive AFD (37% male; mean age ± standard deviation, 45.0 years ± 14.1) and 30 patients with HCM (57% male; mean age, 49.3 years ± 13.5) were prospectively recruited between June 2016 and September 2017 to undergo cardiac MR imaging T1 mapping with a modified Look-Locker inversion recovery (MOLLI) acquisition scheme at 3.0 T (repetition time msec/echo time msec, 280/1.12; section thickness, 8 mm). LV and RV T1 values were evaluated. Statistical analysis included independent samples t test, receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, multivariable logistic regression, and likelihood ratio test. Results Septal LV, global LV, and RV native T1 values were significantly lower in AFD compared with those in HCM (1161 msec ± 47 vs 1296 msec ± 55, respectively [P < .001]; 1192 msec ± 52 vs 1268 msec ± 55 [P < .001]; and 1221 msec ± 54 vs 1271 msec ± 37 [P = .001], respectively). A septal LV native T1 cutoff point of 1220 msec or lower distinguished AFD from HCM with sensitivity of 97%, specificity of 93%, and accuracy of 95%. Septal LV native T1 values differentiated AFD from HCM after adjustment for age, sex, and conventional imaging features (odds ratio, 0.94; 95% confidence interval: 0.91, 0.98; P = < .001). In a nested logistic regression model with age, sex, and conventional imaging features, model fit was significantly improved by the addition of septal LV native T1 values (χ2 [df = 1] = 33.4; P < .001). Conclusion Cardiac MR imaging native T1 values at 3.0 T are significantly lower in patients with AFD compared with those with HCM and provide independent and incremental diagnostic value beyond age, sex, and conventional imaging features. © RSNA, 2018.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença de Fabry/diagnóstico por imagem , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Adulto , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/fisiopatologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Doença de Fabry/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocárdio , Estudos Prospectivos
3.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 20(1): 19, 2018 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29544519

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Calculation of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) extracellular volume (ECV) requires input of hematocrit, which may not be readily available. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of ECV calculated using various noninvasive measures of hematocrit compared to ECV calculated with input of laboratory hematocrit as the reference standard. METHODS: One hundred twenty three subjects (47.7 ± 14.1 years; 42% male) were prospectively recruited for CMR T1 mapping between August 2016 and April 2017. Laboratory hematocrit was assessed by venipuncture. Noninvasive hematocrit was assessed with a point-of-care (POC) device (Pronto-7® Pulse CO-Oximeter®, Masimo Personal Health, Irvine, California, USA) and by synthetic derivation based on the relationship with blood pool T1 values. Left ventricular ECV was calculated with input of laboratory hematocrit (Lab-ECV), POC hematocrit (POC-ECV), and synthetic hematocrit (synthetic-ECV), respectively. Statistical analysis included Wilcoxon signed-rank test, Bland-Altman analysis, receiver-operating curve analysis and intra-class correlation (ICC). RESULTS: There was no significant difference between Lab-ECV and POC-ECV (27.1 ± 4.7% vs. 27.3 ± 4.8%, p = 0.106), with minimal bias and modest precision (bias - 0.18%, 95%CI [- 2.85, 2.49]). There was no significant difference between Lab-ECV and synthetic-ECV (26.7 ± 4.4% vs. 26.5 ± 4.3%, p = 0.084) in subjects imaged at 1.5 T, although bias was slightly higher and limits of agreement were wider (bias 0.23%, 95%CI [- 2.82, 3.27]). For discrimination of abnormal Lab-ECV ≥30%, POC-ECV had good diagnostic performance (sensitivity 85%, specificity 96%, accuracy 94%, and AUC 0.902) and synthetic-ECV had moderate diagnostic performance (sensitivity 71%, specificity 98%, accuracy 93%, and AUC 0.849). POC-ECV had excellent test-retest (ICC 0.994, 95%CI[0.987, 0.997]) and inter-observer agreement (ICC 0.974, 95%CI[0.929, 0.991]). CONCLUSIONS: Myocardial ECV can be accurately and reproducibly calculated with input of hematocrit measured using a noninvasive POC device, potentially overcoming an important barrier to implementation of ECV. Further evaluation of synthetic ECV is required prior to clinical implementation.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Hematócrito/instrumentação , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Oximetria/instrumentação , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Testes Imediatos , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
4.
BMC Fam Pract ; 13: 78, 2012 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22873705

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: General practitioners (GPs) are involved in the management of most melanocytic skin lesions in Australia. A high quality biopsy technique is a crucial first step in management, as it is recognized that poor techniques can mislead, delay, or miss a diagnosis of melanoma. There has been little published on the biopsy decisions and techniques of GPs. This study aims to describe the current management choices made by GPs for suspicious melanocytic skin lesions and to compare their choices with the best practice guidelines. METHODS: An anonymous survey of GPs presented with three clinical scenarios with increasing complexity of melanoma in which a referral or biopsy decision was specified. RESULTS: 391 mailed surveys with a 76.3% response rate. Mean biopsy experience was 4.14 biopsies per GP per month. The rates of choosing to refer among the three scenarios were 31%, 52% and 81% respectively, with referral to surgery being the most common choice (81%). Most biopsy techniques (55%) were chosen according to best practice guidelines, although non-guideline biopsy techniques chosen included shave (n=10), punch biopsy (n=57), wide excisions (n=65), and flaps (n=10). The few GPs (n=5) who identified themselves as skin specialist GPs were no more likely to adhere to guidelines than their colleagues. CONCLUSION: A majority of referrals and biopsies were chosen by GPs according to best practice guidelines, but concern remains for the high proportion of GPs making non-guideline based choices. How GPs choose to biopsy or refer needs further training, audit, and research if Australia is to improve the outcome of melanoma management in general practice.


Assuntos
Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Melanoma/diagnóstico , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Austrália , Biópsia/métodos , Biópsia/estatística & dados numéricos , Dermoscopia/educação , Dermoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Melanoma/patologia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Pele/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia
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