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1.
Int J Cardiol ; 300: 245-251, 2020 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31806281

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Insulin-like Growth Factor Binding Protein 2 (IGFBP2) showed greater heart failure (HF) diagnostic accuracy than the "grey zone" B-type natriuretic peptides, and may have prognostic utility as well. OBJECTIVES: To determine if IGFBP2 provides independent information on cardiovascular mortality in HF. METHODS: A retrospective study of 870 HF patients from 3 independent international cohorts. Presentation IGFBP2 plasma levels were measured by ELISA, and patients were followed from 1 year (Maastricht, Netherlands) to 6 years (Atlanta, GA, USA and Toulouse, France). Multivariate analysis, Net Reclassification Improvement (NRI) and Integrated Discrimination Improvement (IDI) were performed in the 3 cohorts. The primary outcome was cardiovascular mortality. RESULTS: In multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis, the highest quartile of IGFBP2 was associated with mortality in the Maastricht cohort (adjusted hazard ratio 1.69 (95% CI, 1.18-2.41), p = 0.004) and in the combined Atlanta and Toulouse cohorts (adjusted hazard ratio 2.04 (95%CI, 1.3-3.3), p = 0.003). Adding IGFBP2 to a clinical model allowed a reclassification of adverse outcome risk in the Maastricht cohort (NRI = 18.7% p = 0.03; IDI = 3.9% p = 0.02) and with the Atlanta/Toulouse patients (NRI of 40.4% p = 0.01, 31,2% p = 0.04, 31.5% p = 0,02 and IDI of 2,9% p = 0,0005, 3.1% p = 0,0005 and 4,2%, p = 0.0005, for a follow-up of 1, 2 and 3 years, respectively). CONCLUSION: In 3 international cohorts, IGFBP2 level is a strong prognostic factor for cardiovascular mortality in HF, adding information to natriuretic monitoring and usual clinical markers, that should be further prospectively evaluated for patients' optimized care.

2.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 109(1): 22-33, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31062082

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypertension, obesity and diabetes are major and potentially modifiable "risk factors" for cardiovascular diseases. Identification of biomarkers specific to these risk factors may help understanding the underlying pathophysiological pathways, and developing individual treatment. METHODS: The FIBRO-TARGETS (targeting cardiac fibrosis for heart failure treatment) consortium has merged data from 12 patient cohorts in 1 common database of > 12,000 patients. Three mutually exclusive main phenotypic groups were identified ("cases"): (1) "hypertensive"; (2) "obese"; and (3) "diabetic"; age-sex matched in a 1:2 proportion with "healthy controls" without any of these phenotypes. Proteomic associations were studied using a biostatistical method based on LASSO and confronted with machine-learning and complex network approaches. RESULTS: The case:control distribution by each cardiovascular phenotype was hypertension (50:100), obesity (50:98), and diabetes (36:72). Of the 86 studied proteins, 4 were found to be independently associated with hypertension: GDF-15, LEP, SORT-1 and FABP-2; 3 with obesity: CEACAM-8, LEP and PRELP; and 4 with diabetes: GDF-15, REN, CXCL-1 and SCF. GDF-15 (hypertension + diabetes) and LEP (hypertension + obesity) are shared by 2 different phenotypes. A machine-learning approach confirmed GDF-15, LEP and SORT-1 as discriminant biomarkers for the hypertension group, and LEP plus PRELP for the obesity group. Complex network analyses provided insight on the mechanisms underlying these disease phenotypes where fibrosis may play a central role. CONCLUSION: Patients with "mutually exclusive" phenotypes display distinct bioprofiles that might underpin different biological pathways, potentially leading to fibrosis. Plasma protein biomarkers and their association with mutually exclusive cardiovascular phenotypes: the FIBRO-TARGETS case-control analyses. Patients with "mutually exclusive" phenotypes (blue: obesity, hypertension and diabetes) display distinct protein bioprofiles (green: decreased expression; red: increased expression) that might underpin different biological pathways (orange arrow), potentially leading to fibrosis.

3.
Int J Cardiol ; 277: 166-172, 2019 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30416028

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In a recent individual patient data meta-analysis, high-sensitivity troponin T (hs-TnT) emerged as robust predictor of prognosis in stable chronic heart failure (HF). In the same population, we compared the relative predictive performances of hs-TnT, N-terminal fraction of pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), hs-C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) for prognosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: 9289 patients (66 ±â€¯12 years, 77% men, 85% LVEF <40%, 60% ischemic HF) were evaluated over a 2.4-year median follow-up. Median eGFR was 58 mL/min/1.73 m2 (interquartile interval 46-70; n = 9220), hs-TnT 16 ng/L (8-20; n = 9289), NT-proBNP 1067 ng/L (433-2470; n = 8845), and hs-CRP 3.3 mg/L (1.4-7.8; n = 7083). In a model including all 3 biomarkers, only hs-TnT and NT-proBNP were independent predictors of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality and cardiovascular hospitalization. hs-TnT was a stronger predictor than NT-proBNP: for example, the risk for all-cause death increased by 54% per doubling of hs-TnT vs. 24% per doubling of NT-proBNP. eGFR showed independent prognostic value from both hs-TnT and NT-proBNP. The best hs-TnT and NT-proBNP cut-offs for the prediction of all-cause death increased progressively with declining renal function (eGFR ≥ 90: hs-TnT 13 ng/L and NT-proBNP 825 ng/L; eGFR < 30: hs-TnT 40 ng/L and NT-proBNP 4608 ng/L). Patient categorization according to these cut-offs effectively stratified patient prognosis across all eGFR classes. CONCLUSIONS: hs-TnT conveys independent prognostic information from NT-proBNP, while hs-CRP does not. Concomitant assessment of eGFR may further refine risk stratification. Patient classification according to hs-TnT and NT-proBNP cut-offs specific for the eGFR classes holds prognostic significance.


Assuntos
Taxa de Filtração Glomerular/fisiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Troponina T/sangue , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição de Risco
4.
Cost Eff Resour Alloc ; 16: 55, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30410425

RESUMO

Background: The costs for treating coronary artery disease (CAD) are high worldwide. We performed a prespecified analyses of cost-effectiveness of three therapeutic strategies for multivessel CAD. Methods: From May 1995 to May 2000, a total of 611 patients were randomly assigned to coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), n = 203; percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), n = 205; or medical treatment (MT), n = 203. This cost analysis study was based on the perspective of the Public Health Care System. Initial procedural and follow-up costs for medications, cardiology examinations, and hospitalizations for complications were calculated after randomization. Life-years and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) were used as effectiveness measures. Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICER) were obtained by using nonparametric bootstrapping methods with 5000 resamples. Results: Initial procedural costs were lower for MT. However, the subsequent 5-year cumulative costs were lower for CABG. Compared with baseline, the three treatment options produced significant improvements in QALYs. After 5 years, PCI and CABG had better QALYs results compared with MT. The ICER results favored CABG and PCI, and favored PCI over CABG in 61% of the drawings. On the other hand, sensitivity analysis showed MT as the preferred therapy compared with CABG and PCI, in the analysis considering higher costs. Conclusions: At 5-year follow-up, the three treatment options yielded improvements in quality of life, with comparable and acceptable costs. However, despite higher initial costs, the comparison of cost-effectiveness after 5 years of follow-up among the three treatments showed both interventions (CABG and PCI) to be cost-effective strategies compared with MT.Trial registration ISRCTN, ISRCTN66068876, Registered 06/10/1994, http://www.controlled-trials.com/ISRCTN66068876.

5.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 19 Suppl 2: 84-91, 2017 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28470925

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION/AIM: Veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (V-A ECMO) support is increasingly used in refractory cardiogenic shock and cardiac arrest, but is characterized by a rise in afterload of the left ventricle (LV) which may ultimately either further impair or delay cardiac contractility improvement. The aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive overview regarding the different LV venting techniques and results currently available in the literature. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in the PubMed database: 207 articles published between 1993 and 2016 were included. Papers dealing with pre-clinical studies, overlapping series, and association with other assist devices were excluded from the review, with 45 published papers finally selected. Heterogeneous indications for LV unloading were reported. The selected literature was divided into subgroups, according to the location or the performed procedure for LV venting. RESULTS: Case reports or case series accounted for 60% of the papers, while retrospective study represented 29% of them. Adult series were present in 67%, paediatric patients in 29%, and a mixed population in 4%. LV unloading was performed percutaneously in 84% of the cases. The most common locations of unloading was the left atrium (31%), followed by indirect unloading (intra-aortic balloon pump) (27%), trans-aortic (27%), LV (11%), and pulmonary artery (4%). Percutaneous trans-septal approach was reported in 22%. Finally, the unloading was conducted surgically in 16%,with open chest surgery in 71%, and minimally invasive surgery in 29% of surgical cases. CONCLUSION: Nowadays, only a few data are available about left heart unloading in V-A ECMO support. Despite the well-known controversy, IABP remains widely used in combination with V-A ECMO. Percutaneous approaches utilizing unloading devices is becoming an increasingly used option. However, further studies are required to establish the optimal LV unloading method.


Assuntos
Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/métodos , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Coração Auxiliar , Balão Intra-Aórtico/métodos , Choque Cardiogênico/terapia , Humanos
6.
Dtsch Med Wochenschr ; 141(22): 1647-1649, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27824422

RESUMO

Sacubitril / Valsartan proofed to be an effective treatment compared to enalapril in reducing heart failure hospitalisations and mortality in patients with severe "Heart failure with reduced ejection fraction" (HFREF). Recent European cardiology guidelines attributed a class IB recommendation for Sacubitril / Valsartan in HFREF patients who remain symptomatic despite optimal treatment with ACE-I, a beta-blocker, and a mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist. There is a significant overlap between diabetic and HFREF patients and thus, efficacy assessment of Sacubitril / Valsartan is a clinically meaningful issue in the large subgroup of HFREF patients with diabetes. We discuss the present evidence why local authorities speculated about a potential interaction between the two diseases decreasing the efficacy of sacubitril/valsartan in terms of reducing relevant end-points in this cohort. Overall, Sacubitril / Valsartan is obviously a treatment option in diabetics with HFREF. However, diabetic cardiomyopathy needs to be recognised as a specific disease condition.


Assuntos
Aminobutiratos/administração & dosagem , Complicações do Diabetes/complicações , Complicações do Diabetes/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/dietoterapia , Tetrazóis/administração & dosagem , Valsartana/administração & dosagem , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/administração & dosagem , Anti-Hipertensivos/administração & dosagem , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Combinação de Medicamentos , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
BMC Med ; 14(1): 181, 2016 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27829460

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Renal impairment is a major risk factor for mortality in various populations. Three formulas are frequently used to assess both glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) or creatinine clearance (CrCl) and mortality prediction: body surface area adjusted-Cockcroft-Gault (CG-BSA), Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study (MDRD4), and the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation. The CKD-EPI is the most accurate eGFR estimator as compared to a "gold-standard"; however, which of the latter is the best formula to assess prognosis remains to be clarified. This study aimed to compare the prognostic value of these formulas in predicting the risk of cardiovascular mortality (CVM) in population-based, cardiovascular risk, heart failure (HF) and post-myocardial infarction (MI) cohorts. METHODS: Two previously published cohorts of pooled patient data derived from the partners involved in the HOMAGE-consortium and from four clinical trials - CAPRICORN, EPHESUS, OPTIMAAL and VALIANT - the high risk MI initiative, were used. A total of 54,111 patients were included in the present analysis: 2644 from population-based cohorts; 20,895 from cardiovascular risk cohorts; 1801 from heart failure cohorts; and 28,771 from post-myocardial infarction cohorts. Participants were patients enrolled in the respective cohorts and trials. The primary outcome was CVM. RESULTS: All formulas were strongly and independently associated with CVM. Lower eGFR/CrCl was associated with increasing CVM rates for values below 60 mL/min/m2. Categorical renal function stages diverged in a more pronounced manner with the CG-BSA formula in all populations (higher χ2 values), with lower stages showing stronger associations. The discriminative improvement driven by the CG-BSA formula was superior to that of MDRD4 and CKD-EPI, but remained low overall (increase in C-index ranging from 0.5 to 2 %) while not statistically significant in population-based cohorts. The integrated discrimination improvement and net reclassification improvement were higher (P < 0.05) for the CG-BSA formula compared to MDRD4 and CKD-EPI in CV risk, HF and post-MI cohorts, but not in population-based cohorts. The CKD-EPI formula was superior overall to MDRD4. CONCLUSIONS: The CG-BSA formula was slightly more accurate in predicting CVM in CV risk, HF, and post-MI cohorts (but not in population-based cohorts). However, the CG-BSA discriminative improvement was globally low compared to MDRD4 and especially CKD-EPI, the latter offering the best compromise between renal function estimation and CVM prediction.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Rim/fisiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Vigilância da População , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Coortes , Bases de Dados Factuais/tendências , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular/fisiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Vigilância da População/métodos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Risco
8.
Am Heart J ; 177: 102-11, 2016 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27297855

RESUMO

Management of patients with acute chest pain remains challenging. Cardiac biomarker testing reduces the likelihood of erroneously discharging patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Despite normal contemporary troponins, physicians have still been reluctant to discharge patients without additional testing. Nowadays, the extremely high negative predictive value of current high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) assays challenges this need. However, the decreased specificity of hs-cTn assays to diagnose AMI poses a new problem as noncoronary diseases (eg, pulmonary embolism, myocarditis, cardiomyopathies, hypertension, renal failure, etc) may also cause elevated hs-cTn levels. Subjecting patients with noncoronary diseases to unnecessary pharmacological therapy or invasive procedures must be prevented. Attempts to improve the positive predictive value to diagnose AMI by defining higher initial cutoff values or dynamic changes over time inherently lower the sensitivity of troponin assays. In this review, we anticipate a potential changing role of noninvasive imaging from ruling out myocardial disease when troponin values are normal toward characterizing myocardial disease when hs-cTn values are (mildly) abnormal.


Assuntos
Dor no Peito/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Troponina/sangue , Cardiomiopatias/sangue , Cardiomiopatias/complicações , Cardiomiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Dor no Peito/sangue , Dor no Peito/etiologia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Ecocardiografia sob Estresse , Teste de Esforço , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Imagem de Perfusão do Miocárdio , Miocardite/sangue , Miocardite/complicações , Miocardite/diagnóstico por imagem , Embolia Pulmonar/sangue , Embolia Pulmonar/complicações , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único
9.
Indian Pacing Electrophysiol J ; 14(1): 32-6, 2014 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24493914

RESUMO

Approximately one third of patients treated with cardiac resynchronization therapy do not derive any detectable benefit. In these patients, acute invasive hemodynamic evaluation can be used for therapy optimization. This report describes the use of systematic invasive hemodynamic measurements for clinical decision making in a patient who experienced severe ventricular arrhythmias and clinical deterioration following a biventricular upgrade.

10.
Wien Klin Wochenschr ; 120(21-22): 672-8, 2008.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19116708

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In patients with clinically stable chronic heart failure, circulating B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels may exhibit considerable variation over a period of a few days. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical impact of this phenomenon. METHODS: In 23 patients with clinically stable mild-to-moderate systolic heart failure [median (interquartile range) 72 (64-77) years, left ventricular ejection fraction 30 (27-40)%] and a history of previous hospitalization for heart failure, BNP was measured at two time points [T1 and T2, interval 5 (3-7) days] for calculation of the absolute change in BNP concentrations between T1 and T2 (DeltaBNP; irrespective of whether there was a decrease or increase). Follow-up for rehospitalization was 436 (407-458) days. RESULTS: In the group overall, DeltaBNP was 26 (9-116) pg/ml [19 (10-28)% of the value at T1]. During follow-up, 8/23 (35%) patients were rehospitalized. BNP concentrations at T1 [340 (187-533) vs. 210 (108-606) pg/ml; P = 0.33] and T2 [328 (125-491) vs. 259 (89-536) pg/ml; P = 0.51] were similar in patients who were rehospitalized and those who were not; however, DeltaBNP was higher in patients requiring rehospitalization [98 (36-186) vs. 19 (6-93) pg/ml; P = 0.04]. Patients with DeltaBNP <26 pg/ml had a longer rehospitalization-free survival than those with DeltaBNP > or = 26 pg/ml (log rank P = 0.02). Sensitivity and specificity of DeltaBNP > or = 26 pg/ml for the prediction of rehospitalization were 88% and 67% respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In this small study among patients with clinically stable heart failure, higher DeltaBNP over a period of a few days was associated with a higher likelihood of rehospitalization during follow-up.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Estatística como Assunto , Fatores de Tempo
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