Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 7 de 7
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 18137, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792433

RESUMO

Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a chronic Th1-mediated inflammatory mucocutaneous disease of the skin and oral mucosa that can have various clinical presentations. Lesions are usually bilateral and often painful. While cutaneous Lichen Planus (LP) lesions are self-limiting, the oral lesions are chronic and rarely remissive. The diagnosis of oral lichen planus (OLP) is often challenging, and confirmation by histopathological criterion is generally advised. The aim of our study was to identify the cytokines present in OLP-suggestive lesions and in non-specific inflammatory lesions (NSIL) used as controls. Moreover, assess cytokines protein levels and oral microbiota composition in whole saliva samples. Histopathological analysis, immunohistochemistry and gene expression were used as techniques to analyze the oral mucosal tissue samples. ELISA was conducted to analyze salivary cytokine levels and 16S rRNA sequencing was used to determine the salivary microbiome. As a result we observed larger number of infiltrated lymphocytes (p = 0.025), as well, more T CD4 lymphocytes in the epithelial tissue (p = 0.006) in OLP samples compared to NSIL. In addition, the OLP samples displayed more apoptotic cells compared to NSIL (p = 0.047). Regarding the cytokine analysis, IFN-γ and IL-33 were more expressed in OLP lesions than in NSIL samples (p < 0.001; p = 0.026). Furthermore, our results demonstrated higher levels of IFN-γ protein expression in the saliva of OLP group compared to controls (p = 0.0156). We also observed noted differences in the oral microbiota composition between OLP and NSIL saliva samples. In conclusion, OLP lesions presented larger numbers of apoptotic and inflammatory cells, higher levels of IFN-γ and IL-33 compared to NSIL, and these lesions also differ regarding oral microbiota composition. These results are consistent with the Th-1-mediated chronic inflammation nature of oral lichen planus investigated lesions and displayed unique features that could be used as a diagnostic tool.

2.
Int J Obes (Lond) ; 42(5): 953-963, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29777228

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity causes secondary hypogonadism (HG) in men. Standard testosterone (T) replacement therapy improves metabolic parameters but leads to infertility. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clomiphene citrate (CC) treatment of adult men with male obesity-associated secondary hypogonadism (MOSH). DESIGN: Single-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-eight men aged 36.5 ± 7.8 years with a body mass index (BMI) > 30 kg/m2, total testosterone (TT) ≤ 300 ng/dL, and symptoms in the ADAM questionnaire. INTERVENTION: Random allocation to receive 50 mg CC or placebo (PLB) for 12 weeks. OUTCOMES: (1) Clinical features: ADAM and sexual behavior questionnaires; (2) hormonal profile: serum TT, free T, estradiol (E2), luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG); (3) body composition: BMI, waist circumference, and bioelectric impedance analysis; (4) metabolic profile: blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, HbA1c, insulin, HOMA-IR, and lipid profile; (5) endothelial function: flow-mediated dilation of the brachial artery, quantitative assessment of endothelial progenitor cells and serum sICAM-1, sVCAM-1, and selectin-sE levels; (6) safety aspects: hematocrit, serum prostate-specific antigen, International Prostate Symptom Score, and self-reported adverse effects. RESULTS: There was an improvement in one sexual complaint (weaker erections; P < 0.001); increases (P < 0.001) in TT, free T, E2, LH, FSH, and SHBG; and improvements in lean mass (P < 0.001), fat-free mass (P = 0.004), and muscle mass (P < 0.001) in the CC group. CC reduced HDL (P < 0.001). No statistically significant differences were seen in endothelial function. CONCLUSIONS: CC appeared to effectively improve the hormonal profile and body composition. CC may be an alternative treatment for MOSH in adult men.


Assuntos
Clomifeno/uso terapêutico , Antagonistas de Estrogênios/uso terapêutico , Hipogonadismo/tratamento farmacológico , Hipogonadismo/etiologia , Obesidade/complicações , Adulto , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Masculino
3.
Front Oncol ; 7: 270, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29188193

RESUMO

Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs) are a heterogeneous group of hematopoietic stem cell diseases categorized by dysplasia in one or more hematopoietic cell lineages, as well as cytopenia and functional abnormalities in bone marrow cells. Several MDS classification methods have been proposed to categorize the disease and help professionals better plan in patients' treatment. The World Health Organization classification, released in 2008 and revised in 2016, is the currently and the most used classification method worldwide. Recent advances in MDS molecular biology and innovations in flow cytometry have enabled the development of new parameters for MDS diagnosis and classification. Several groups have published flow cytometry scores and guidelines useful for the diagnosis and/or prognosis of MDS, which are mostly based on detecting immunophenotypic abnormalities in granulocyte, monocyte, and lymphoid lineages. Here, we review the current literature and discuss the main parameters that should be analyzed by flow cytometry with the aim of refining MDS diagnosis and prognosis. Furthermore, we discuss the critical role of flow cytometry and molecular biology in MDS diagnosis and prognosis, as well as the current challenges and future perspectives involving these techniques.

4.
Front Immunol ; 8: 949, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28871251

RESUMO

Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM), a chronic granulomatous disease caused by the thermally dimorphic fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis and Paracoccidioides lutzii, has the highest mortality rate among systemic mycosis. The T helper 1-mediated immunity is primarily responsible for acquired resistance during P. brasiliensis infection, while susceptibility is associated with Th2 occurrence. Th17 is a population of T CD4+ cells that, among several chemokines and cytokines, produces IL-17A and requires the presence of IL-1, IL-6, and TGF-ß for differentiation in mice and IL-23 for its maintenance. Th17 has been described as an arm of the immune system that enhances host protection against several bacterial and fungal infections, as Pneumocystis carinii and Candida albicans. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the Th17 immune response and the role of Th17-associated cytokines (IL-6, IL-23, and IL-17A) during experimental PCM. First, we observed that P. brasiliensis infection [virulent yeast strain 18 of P. brasiliensis (Pb18)] increased the IL-17A production in vitro and all the evaluated Th17-associated cytokines in the lung tissue from C57BL/6 wild-type mice. In addition, the deficiency of IL-6, IL-23, or IL-17 receptor A (IL-17RA) impaired the compact granuloma formation and conferred susceptibility during infection, associated with reduced tumor necrosis factor-α, IFN-γ, and inducible nitric oxide synthase enzyme expression. Our data suggest that IL-6 production by bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) is important to promote the Th17 differentiation during Pb18 infection. In accordance, the adoptive transfer of BMDMs from C57BL/6 to infected IL-6-/- or IL-17RA-/- mice reduced the fungal burden in the lungs compared to nontransferred mice and reestablished the pulmonary granuloma formation. Taken together, these results suggest that Th17-associated cytokines are involved in the modulation of immune response and granuloma formation during experimental PCM.

5.
Front Immunol ; 8: 141, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28261205

RESUMO

Lymph node (LN) is a secondary lymphoid organ with highly organized and compartmentalized structure. LNs harbor B, T, and other cells among fibroblastic reticular cells (FRCs). FRCs are characterized by both podoplanin (PDPN/gp38) expression and by the lack of CD31 expression. FRCs are involved in several immune response processes but mechanisms underlying their function are still under investigation. Double-negative cells (DNCs), another cell population within LNs, are even less understood. They do not express PDPN or CD31, their localization within the LN is unknown, and their phenotype and function remain to be elucidated. This study evaluates the gene expression and cytokines and chemokines profile of human LN-derived FRCs and DNCs during homeostasis and following inflammatory stimuli. Cytokines and chemokines secreted by human FRCs and DNCs partially diverged from those identified in murine models that used similar stimulation. Cytokine and chemokine secretion and their receptors expression levels differed between stimulated DNCs and FRCs, with FRCs expressing a broader range of chemokines. Additionally, dendritic cells demonstrated increased migration toward FRCs, possibly due to chemokine-induced chemotaxis since migration was significantly decreased upon neutralization of secreted CCL2 and CCL20. Our study contributes to the understanding of the biology and functions of FRCs and DNCs and, accordingly, of the mechanisms involving them in immune cells activation and migration.

6.
J Immunol ; 194(9): 4507-17, 2015 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25825440

RESUMO

Pathogens are sensed by innate immune receptors that initiate an efficient adaptive immune response upon activation. The elements of the innate immune recognition process for Paracoccidioides brasiliensis include TLR-2, TLR-4, and dectin-1. However, there are additional receptors necessary for the host immune responses to P. brasiliensis. The nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor (NLRs), which activate inflammasomes, are candidate receptors that deserve renewed investigation. After pathogen infection, the NLRs form large signaling platforms called inflammasomes, which lead to caspase-1 activation and maturation of proinflammatory cytokines (IL-18 and IL-1ß). In this study, we showed that NLR family pyrin domain-containing 3 (Nlrp3) is required to induce caspase-1 activation and further secretion of IL-1ß and IL-18 by P. brasiliensis-infected macrophages. Additionally, potassium efflux and lysosomal acidification induced by the fungus were important steps in the caspase-1 activation mechanism. Notably, Nlrp3 and caspase-1 knockout mice were more susceptible to infection than were the wild-type animals, suggesting that the Nlrp3-dependent inflammasomes contribute to host protection against P. brasiliensis. This protective effect occurred owing to the inflammatory response mediated by IL-18, as shown by an augmented fungus burden in IL-18 knockout mice. Taken together, our results show that the Nlrp3 inflammasome is essential for resistance against P. brasiliensis because it orchestrates robust caspase-1 activation and triggers an IL-18-dependent proinflammatory response.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Imunidade Inata , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Interleucina-18/metabolismo , Pneumopatias Fúngicas/imunologia , Pneumopatias Fúngicas/metabolismo , Animais , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Resistência à Doença/genética , Resistência à Doença/imunologia , Granuloma/genética , Granuloma/imunologia , Granuloma/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/genética , Interleucina-18/genética , Interleucina-1beta/biossíntese , Pneumopatias Fúngicas/mortalidade , Macrófagos/imunologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/microbiologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Paracoccidioides/imunologia
7.
Infect Immun ; 81(4): 1256-66, 2013 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23381993

RESUMO

Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is a systemic mycosis caused by the thermodimorphic fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. Leukotrienes and lipoxins are lipid mediators produced after 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) activation that exhibit pro- and anti-inflammatory roles, respectively. Here, we have investigated the contribution of 5-LO enzymatic activity in PCM using an experimental model of P. brasiliensis infection. B6.129 wild-type (B6.129) and 5-LO-deficient (5-LO(-/-)) mice were intravenously inoculated with a virulent strain of P. brasiliensis (Pb18), and the survival rate of the infected mice was investigated on different days after yeast infection. 5-LO(-/-) mice exhibited an increased survival rate associated with a decreased number of CFU. The resistance of 5-LO(-/-) during PCM was associated with augmented nitric oxide (NO) production and the formation of compact granulomas. In addition, the absence of 5-LO was associated with a diminished number of CD4(+) CD25(+) regulatory T cells, higher levels of gamma interferon and interleukin-12, and increased T-bet (a T-box transcription factor that directs Th1 lineage commitment) mRNA levels in the lungs. Taken together, our results show for the first time that 5-LO enzymatic activity increases susceptibility to P. brasiliensis, suggesting that this pathway may be a potential target for therapeutic intervention during PCM.


Assuntos
Araquidonato 5-Lipoxigenase/metabolismo , Paracoccidioides/patogenicidade , Paracoccidioidomicose/microbiologia , Paracoccidioidomicose/mortalidade , Animais , Araquidonato 5-Lipoxigenase/deficiência , Contagem de Colônia Microbiana , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Granuloma/microbiologia , Granuloma/patologia , Interferon gama/biossíntese , Interleucina-12/biossíntese , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Paracoccidioidomicose/patologia , Análise de Sobrevida , Proteínas com Domínio T/biossíntese , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Fatores de Tempo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA