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1.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(6): 2049-2056, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1055135

RESUMO

This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of nitrogen fertilization on tillering dynamics of Alexandergrass (Urochloa plantaginea (Link) Hitch) grazed by beef heifers in a rotational stocking grazing method. The experiment was conducted in a completely randomized design following a repeated measure arrangement, three levels of nitrogen (Zero, 150 and 300kg ha-1) and two area repetition. The classification of tillers into categories (basal and axillary) showed a greater number of basal tillers, due to their higher appearance rate, in the absence of nitrogen fertilization. Nitrogen fertilization promoted higher axillary tiller density. The use of nitrogen promotes the renewal of axillary tillers of Alexandergrass, without compromising the stability of the tiller population.(AU)


Esse estudo foi conduzido para avaliar o efeito da fertilização nitrogenada no perfilhamento do Papuã (Urochloa plantaginea (Link) Hitch) pastejado por novilhas de corte em um método de lotação rotacionada. O delineamento foi inteiramente casualizado com arranjo de medidas repetidas, três níveis de nitrogênio (Zero, 150 e 300kg ha -1 ) e duas repetições de área. A classificação dos perfilhos em categorias (basais e axilares) mostrou um maior número de perfilhos basais, devido à sua maior taxa de aparecimento, na ausência de adubação nitrogenada. A fertilização nitrogenada promoveu maior densidade de perfilhos axilares. O uso de nitrogênio promove renovação dos perfilhos axilares no Papuã, sem comprometer a estabilidade da população de plantas.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Bovinos , Pastagens/métodos , Fertilizantes/análise , Poaceae/química , Nitrogênio/administração & dosagem
2.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(4): 1403-1410, jul.-ago. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1038626

RESUMO

Objetivou-se avaliar a economicidade, o desempenho produtivo e o desenvolvimento das estruturas corporais relacionadas ao trato reprodutivo de bezerras de corte mantidas exclusivamente em pastagem de azevém (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) ou em pastagem de azevém recebendo 0,5 e 1,0% do peso corporal (PC) de farelo de arroz integral (FAI) como suplemento. O método de pastejo foi o rotativo, e o intervalo entre pastejos foi estabelecido considerando-se a soma térmica necessária para a emissão de 1,5 folha de azevém (187,5ºC). O delineamento experimental foi o inteiramente ao acaso, com medidas repetidas no tempo. O ganho médio diário das bezerras não diferiu entre os sistemas alimentares. A taxa de lotação e o ganho de peso por área foram maiores quando as bezerras receberam 1,0% do PC de farelo de arroz integral. A maior margem bruta foi observada quando as bezerras receberam 0,5% de FAI. O custo variável obtido para os diferentes sistemas alimentares apresentou comportamento crescente em função dos níveis de FAI, superando o uso exclusivo do azevém em 49,4% e 81,8%. O peso corporal final, o escore de condição corporal e o escore do trato reprodutivo não diferiram entre os sistemas alimentares. Considerando-se um animal adulto com peso corporal médio de 450kg, as bezerras ao início do experimento apresentaram 34% do peso corporal adulto e peso corporal final médio de 56% do peso adulto. A utilização de níveis de farelo de arroz integral (FAI) na recria de bezerras de corte sob pastejo rotativo em azevém não modifica o ganho médio diário e o escore do trato reprodutivo. O fornecimento de 1% de FAI mostrou efeito substitutivo, proporcionando um incremento de 31,2% na taxa de lotação e de 38,3% no ganho por área. O sistema alimentar AZ0,5 permitiu uma maior margem bruta; já o retorno financeiro direto foi positivo em todos os sistemas alimentares, com melhor retorno calculado para o uso exclusivo do azevém.(AU)


The experiment was carried out with the objective of evaluating the gross margin, the productive and reproductive performance of beef heifers kept exclusively on ryegrass pasture (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) or ryegrass receiving 0.5 and 1.0% of body weight (BW) of whole rice bran as supplement. The grazing method was the rotational and the interval between grazings was set by the thermal sum required for the appearing of 1.5 ryegrass leaf (187.5ºC). The experimental design was completely randomized with repeated measures. Heifers average daily gain did not differ between the feeding systems. The stocking rate and weight gain per area were higher when heifers received 1.0% BW of whole rice bran. The higher gross margin was observed when heifers received 0.5% BW. The variable cost obtained for the different feeding systems showed increasing behavior depending on the WRB levels, surpassing the exclusive use of ryegrass in 49.4% and 81.8%. The final body weight, body condition score and reproductive tract score did not differ between the feeding systems. Considering an adult animal with an average body weight of 450kg, the heifers at the beginning of the experiment showed 34% of mature body weight and final average body weight of 56% of adult weight. The use of rice bran levels (FAZ) in the rearing of beef heifers under rotational grazing on ryegrass does not change the average daily gain and the reproductive tract score. The supply of 1% FAI showed substitutive effect, providing an increase in capacity of 31,2% and 38.3% rate of the gain per area. The food system AZ0,5 allowed a higher gross margin, as the economic return was positive in all food systems, with better return calculated for the exclusive use of ryegrass.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Bovinos , Oryza/efeitos adversos , Lolium , Ganho de Peso , Genitália Feminina/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ração Animal/economia , Suplementos Nutricionais/economia , Suplementos Nutricionais/efeitos adversos
3.
Oper Dent ; 44(4): 365-378, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30702407

RESUMO

Light activation is an important clinical step for achieving success in restorative procedures. This study evaluated the influence of beam profile from different light emission tip types of multiwave light-emitting diodes (LEDs) on the curing profile of resin-based composites. Experimental composites were produced containing either camphorquinone (CQ) or diphenyl(2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyl)phosphine oxide (TPO) as a photoinitiator. Multiwave LEDs with either a bundle light guide tip (Bluephase G2, Ivoclar Vivadent) or a microlens tip (VALO Cordless, Ultradent) were characterized using a beam profiler. Block-shaped samples (5×5×3 mm depth) of the two composites were cured in a custom-designed mold with the multiwave LEDs positioned to compare the regions exposed to the 420-495 nm (blue) and 380-420 nm (violet) emittances. To map the curing profile, the degree of conversion (DC) of longitudinal thin cross sections from each block was evaluated using transmission FT-NIR. Radiant exposure transmitted through the composites during curing was evaluated at different thicknesses. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance and Tukey test (α=0.05; ß=0.2). The results indicated that there were differences in the beam profile and the overall radiant exposures transmitted through the composites using each multiwave LED (p<0.01, df=1 F=73.18). However, there were no differences in the curing profiles provided by the two multiwave LEDs (p=0.89, df=12 F=0.52), and similar effects were found according to the different LED emittance regions (p=0.09, df=5, F=2.11). When considering up to 1 mm in depth, no differences in the DC were found between the composites containing either photoinitiators. Starting at 2 mm in depth, the composite containing TPO showed a decrease in DC in the 420-495 nm emittance region, while the composite containing CQ showed a similar decrease in cure efficiency only at 3-mm depth under both 380-420 nm and 420-495 nm emittance regions. Thus, despite the fact that the nonuniform light beam emitted from the two multiwave LEDs was visually distinctly different when delivering 24 J/cm2, this difference did not seem to affect the curing profile of the composites. However, light transmission within 380-420 nm seems to be reduced with depth, directly affecting the curing profile of composites containing a photoinitiator with absorbance falling within this emission range.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Luzes de Cura Dentária , Cor , Materiais Dentários , Teste de Materiais
4.
Oper Dent ; 44(5): 499-509, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30702413

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of combining camphorquinone (CQ) and diphenyl(2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyl)phosphine oxide (TPO) on the depth of cure and polymerization shrinkage stress of bulk-fill composites. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Experimental bulk-fill composites were produced containing equal molar concentrations of either CQ-amine or CQ-amine/TPO. The degree of in-depth conversion through each millimeter of a 4-mm-thick bulk-fill increment was evaluated by Fourier transform near-infrared microspectroscopy using a central longitudinal cross section of the increment of each bulk-fill composite (n=3). Light-transmittance of the multi-wave light-emitting diode (LED) emittance used for photoactivation (Bluephase G2, Ivoclar Vivadent) was recorded through every millimeter of each bulk-fill composite using spectrophotometry. The volumetric shrinkage and polymerization shrinkage stress were assessed using a mercury dilatometer and the Bioman, respectively. The flexural modulus was also assessed by a three-point bend test as a complementary test. Data were analyzed according to the different experimental designs (α=0.05 and ß=0.2). RESULTS: Up to 1 mm in depth, adding TPO to CQ-based bulk-fill composites increased the degree of conversion, but beyond 1 mm no differences were found. The light-transmittance of either wavelengths emitted from the multi-wave LED (blue or violet) through the bulk-fill composites were only different up to 1 mm in depth, regardless of the photoinitiator system. Adding TPO to CQ-based bulk-fill composites did not affect volumetric shrinkage but did increase the flexural modulus and polymerization shrinkage stress. CONCLUSION: Adding TPO to CQ-based bulk-fill composites did not increase the depth of cure. However, it did increase the degree of conversion on the top of the restoration, increasing the polymerization shrinkage stress.


Assuntos
Cânfora , Resinas Compostas , Aminas , Cânfora/análogos & derivados , Teste de Materiais , Polimerização
5.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 70(5): 1577-1585, set.-out. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-947428

RESUMO

he study was carried out to evaluate the forage intake and performance of beef heifers from 15 to 18 months of age, grazing on Alexandergrass (Urochloaplantaginea (Link) Hitch) fed rice bran (RB; 0, 0.5 and 1.0% body weight (BW)). The experiment consisted of a completely randomized design with repeated measurement arrangement. Rice bran increased the total dry matter (DM) intake, total crude protein intake and total digestible nutrients intake. Heifers that received 1.0% BW of RB reduced forage DM intake, increasing by 18% stocking rate (SR) and by 27% BW gain per area in comparison with the system exclusively on pasture. In the system in which the heifers were fed 0.5% BW of RB, SR and gain per area were similar to other systems. In this feeding system, we observed average daily gain 18% higher than when heifers were exclusively on pasture and gain similar to that observed when using 1.0% BW of RB. In Alexandergrass pasture it is recommended to supply 0.5% BW of RB for beef heifers from 15 to 18 months of age, to promote better productive responses compared to heifers exclusively on pasture and similar to those observed when supplying 1.0% BW of RB.(AU)


O presente trabalho foi desenvolvido com o objetivo de avaliar o consumo de forragem e o desempenho de novilhas de corte dos 15 aos 18 meses de idade, em pastejo em papuã (Urochloaplantaginea(Link) Hitch), recebendo farelo de arroz integral (FAI) como suplemento (0, 0,5 e 1,0% do peso corporal (PC)). O delineamento experimental foi o inteiramente ao acaso, com medidas repetidas no tempo. O uso de FAI aumentou o consumo total de matéria seca (MS), o consumo total de proteína bruta e de nutrientes digestíveis totais em relação às novilhas exclusivamente em pastejo. As novilhas que receberam 1,0% do PC de FAI reduziram o consumo de MS da forragem, aumentando em 18% a taxa de lotação (TxLot) e em 27% o ganho de PC por hectare (GPA) em comparação com o sistema exclusivamente a pasto. No sistema em que as novilhas receberam 0,5% do PC de FAI, a TxLot e o GPA foram similares aos demais sistemas. Nesse sistema alimentar, foi observado GDM 18% superior em relação às novilhas exclusivamente em pastejo e ganho similar ao uso de 1,0% do PC de FAI. Em pastagem de papuã, é recomendado o uso de 0,5% do PC de FAI para novilhas de corte dos 15 aos 18 meses de idade, por promover respostas produtivas superiores em relação às novilhas exclusivamente em pastejo e semelhantes às observadas quando fornecido 1,0% do PC de FAI.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Bovinos/metabolismo , Suplementos Nutricionais/estatística & dados numéricos , Pastagens/análise
6.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 70(3): 881-887, maio-jun. 2018. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-911655

RESUMO

Foi estudado o desempenho de bezerras de corte em pastagem de azevém (Lolium multiflorum Lam.), com animais exclusivamente em pastejo ou recebendo farelo de arroz integral (FAI) em nível de 0,8% do peso corporal, associado ou não à monensina. O método de pastejo foi contínuo com número variável de animais. O delineamento experimental foi o inteiramente ao acaso, com medidas repetidas no tempo, com três tratamentos e três repetições de área. O uso de FAI associado ou não à monensina não expressou alteração na área pélvica das bezerras, na taxa de lotação e no ganho de peso por área. As bezerras que receberam FAI, com ou sem monensina, apresentaram maior ganho diário de peso corporal, peso corporal, escore de condição corporal e relação peso corporal:altura. O fornecimento de suplementação energética para bezerras de corte é uma alternativa viável em sistemas de produção que visam à redução da idade ao primeiro acasalamento.(AU)


The experiment was carried out with the objective of evaluating beef cattle heifer performance when exclusively grazing Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) pasture or supplemented with whole rice bran (WRB), equivalent to 0.8% of body weight, associated or not with monensin. The grazing method was "put-and-take" stocking, in a completely randomized experimental design, with replicated measures over time, with three treatments and three replications of area. The use of WRB, associated or not with monensin, did not affect heifers' pelvic area, stocking rate and area weight gain. Animals fed WRB, with or without monensin, showed greater average daily gain, body weight, body condition score, and body weight:height ratio. Energetic supplementation for beef heifers is one viable option in production systems seeking age reduction at the first mating.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Bovinos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Pastagens/análise , Lolium , Monensin/análise
7.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 69(4): 1021-1029, jul.-ago. 2017. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-876938

RESUMO

O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o tempo de permanência, o número de bocados nas estações e o deslocamento entre estações alimentares por bezerras de corte em pastagem de azevém (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) e recebendo farelo de arroz integral como suplemento em três níveis (0,0; 0,5 e 1,0% PC). O método de pastejo foi rotacionado, com número variável de animais. O período de descanso foi estabelecido pela soma térmica (ST) de 187,5ºC, equivalente à ST necessária para a emissão de 1,5 folhas de azevém. O delineamento experimental foi inteiramente ao acaso, com medidas repetidas no tempo, três níveis de suplemento e seis ciclos de pastejo. O tempo de permanência em cada estação alimentar (9,4s) foi semelhante para bezerras exclusivamente a pasto e as que receberam 1,0% PC de suplemento. As bezerras que receberam 0,5% PC de suplemento permanecem 1,1s a mais na estação alimentar quando comparadas com as bezerras nos demais níveis. O deslocamento entre estações alimentares (1,7 passos) e o número de bocados em cada estação alimentar (sete bocados) foram semelhantes independentemente do nível de farelo de arroz fornecido. As bezerras, ao receberem 0,5% PC de farelo de arroz, são mais dependentes da presença de lâminas foliares no estrato pastejável do dossel.(AU)


The aim of this study was to evaluate the length of stay and number of bites in the feeding stations and displacement between feeding stations for beef heifers on ryegrass pasture (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) and receiving rice bran as a supplement in three levels (0.0; 0.5 and 1.0% BW). The grazing method was rotational with variable number of animals. The interval between grazing was set by the thermal sum (TS) of 187.5ºC equivalent to TS necessary for externalization of 1.5 leaf lamina of ryegrass. The experimental design was completely randomized with repeated measures on time, three levels of supplement and six grazing periods. The stay time at each feeding station (9.4 sec.) was similar for heifers exclusively on pasture and receiving 1.0% supplement BW. Heifers that received 0.5% supplement BW remained 1.1 sec. longer at the feeding station than heifers on other supplement levels. Displacement between feeding stations (1.7 steps) and the number of bites in each feeding station (7 bites) were similar regardless of the supplied rice bran level. Heifers receiving 0.5% rice bran BW are more dependent on the presence of leaf blades in grazeable stratum of canopy.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Bovinos , Ração Animal , Métodos de Alimentação/veterinária , Lolium , Oryza , Pastagens
8.
Oper Dent ; 42(4): 418-427, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28402730

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the beam profile and the spectral output of monowave and polywave light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and their influence on the degree of conversion (DC) of bulk fill composites. METHODS: A monowave LED (Smartlite Focus, Dentsply) and a polywave LED (Valo Cordless, Ultradent) were characterized using a resin calibrator and a laser beam profile analyzer. Two bulk fill composites, Sonic Fill 2 (SF) containing camphorquinone (CQ) and Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill (TEB) containing CQ associated with alternative photoinitiators, were placed in custom-designed molds (n=3) and photoactivated by the monowave or polywave LED with 20 J/cm2. To map the DC, longitudinal cross sections (0.5 mm thick) from the center of the restoration were evaluated using FT-NIR microscopy. SF and TEB light transmittances (n=3) through 4-mm-thick specimens were evaluated during curing. Data were analyzed using a split-plot analysis of variance and Tukey test (α=0.05; ß=0.2). RESULTS: The monowave LED had a radiant emittance of 20 ± 0.5 J/cm2 over 420-495 nm, and the polywave LED had an emittance of 15.5 ± 0.4 J/cm2 over 420-495 nm and of 4.5 ± 0.2 J/cm2 over 380-420 nm. The total radiant exposure at the bottom of TEB was 2.2 ± 0.2 J/cm2 with the monowave LED and 1.6 ± 0.3 J/cm2 with the polywave LED, and for SF it was 0.4 ± 0.1 J/cm2 for both LEDs. There were no differences in the curing profiles produced either by the monowave or the polywave LED (p=0.9), according to the regions under influence of blue and/or violet emission at the same depth. There was no statistical difference in the DC for SF using the monowave or polywave LED at any depth (p=0.29). TEB had a higher DC at up to 2 mm in depth when the polywave LED was used (p<0.004), but no differences were found when starting at 2.5 mm. CONCLUSIONS: Monowave and polywave LEDs emitted nonhomogeneous light beams, but this did not affect the DC homogeneity of bulk fill composites. For composites containing CQ associated with alternative photoinitiators, polywave LEDs had a higher DC, but only at the top part of the restoration; lower wavelength absorption photoinitiators were ineffective in deeper areas.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/química , Luzes de Cura Dentária , Materiais Dentários/química , Cura Luminosa de Adesivos Dentários , Fotoiniciadores Dentários/química , Cânfora/análogos & derivados , Cânfora/química , Teste de Materiais
9.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 68(3): 755-760, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: lil-785706

RESUMO

O experimento foi conduzido com o objetivo de avaliar o desenvolvimento de novilhas de corte em três sistemas alimentares: exclusivamente em pastagem de azevém (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) ou em pastagem de azevém e recebendo 0,93% do peso corporal de grão de milho inteiro ou grão de aveia branca como suplemento. O delineamento experimental foi o inteiramente ao acaso, com medidas repetidas no tempo. A utilização da pastagem de azevém, com ou sem uso de grão de milho ou aveia como suplemento, possibilita desenvolvimento reprodutivo para que as bezerras sejam acasaladas aos 14 meses de idade. O peso corporal ao início da utilização da pastagem é determinante para que as bezerras atinjam adequado desenvolvimento reprodutivo no início da estação de acasalamento.(AU)


The experiment was carried out to evaluate the development of beef heifers in three feeding systems: exclusively on ryegrass pasture (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) or in ryegrass pasture and receiving 0.93% of body weight of corn whole grain or oats grain as a supplement. The experimental design was completely randomized with repeated measures in time. The utilization of ryegrass pasture, with or without the use of corn or oats grain as a supplement, provides reproductive development of heifers in order for them to be mated at 14 months of age. The body weight at the beginning of pasture utilization is crucial for heifers to reach adequate reproductive development at the beginning of the mating season.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Ração Animal , Avena , Peso Corporal , Pastagens , Reprodução , Zea mays , Suplementos Nutricionais , Lolium , Comportamento Sexual Animal , Ganho de Peso
10.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 68(2): 457-465, mar.-abr. 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-779789

RESUMO

Analyses in a data set of six experiments (n=436) was performed with the aim of characterizing canopy structure and forage intake patterns of beef heifers grazing on Pearl millet (Pennisetum americanum), Alexandergrass (Urochloa plantaginea) and Coastcross (Cynodon dactylon). Forage and leaf lamina mass were similar among species, 3001.4 and 668.1kg of DM/ha, respectively, while leaf:stem ratio of canopy vertical strata was different. Intake rate (12g DM/minute), bite mass (0.343g DM/bite) and bite rate (36.6bites per minute) were similar in Pearl millet and Alexandergrass. In Pearl millet, neutral detergent fiber content (56.1%) in forage as grazed, grazing time (518.9 minutes/day) and displacement rate (8.8 steps/minute) were lower. Increased grazing time (639 minutes/day) represented the main compensatory mechanism for smaller bite masses (0.234g DM/bite) and reduced intake rates (8.8 grams of DM/minutes) in Coastcross. Bite rate variations happened as a response to constraints imposed by canopy structure. Surface utilization on Alexandergrass and Coastcross was increased by greater number of feeding stations visited and displacement rate. Ingestive behavior components of beef heifers are affected by differences in the canopy structure of Pearl millet, Alexandergrass and Coastcross.


Foi realizada a análise conjunta dos resultados de seis experimentos (n=436) com o objetivo de caracterizar a estrutura do dossel e os padrões de ingestão de forragem por novilhas de corte em pastagem de milheto (Pennisetum americanum), papuã (Urochloa plantaginea) e coastcross (Cynodon dactylon). As massas de forragem e de lâminas foliares foram similares entre as três espécies forrageiras, 3001,4 e 668,1kg/ha de MS, respectivamente, enquanto a relação lâmina:colmo do perfil vertical do dossel diferiu. A taxa de ingestão (12g MS/minuto), a massa de bocados (0,343g MS/bocado) e a taxa de bocados (36,6 bocados/minuto) foram similares no milheto e no papuã. O conteúdo de fibra em detergente neutro (56,1%) na forragem da simulação do pastejo, o tempo de pastejo (518,9 minutos/dia) e a taxa de deslocamento (8,8 passos/minuto) foram menores no milheto. O incremento no tempo de pastejo (639 minutos/dia) representou o mecanismo compensatório para a menor massa de bocados (0,234g MS/bocado) e para a reduzida taxa de ingestão (8,8 gramas MS/minuto) no coastcross. Variações na taxa de bocado ocorrem como resposta às limitações impostas pela estrutura do dossel. A exploração da área da pastagem de papuã e de coastcross foi aumentada pelo maior número de estações alimentares visitadas e pela maior taxa de deslocamento. Os componentes do comportamento ingestivo de novilhas de corte são afetados por diferentes estruturas no dossel de milheto, papuã e coastcross.


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Cynodon/administração & dosagem , Ingestão de Alimentos , Pastagens/análise , Ração Animal/análise , Criação de Animais Domésticos , Clima Tropical/efeitos adversos , Comportamento Alimentar
11.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 48(4): 363-369, 4/2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-744359

RESUMO

The objective of this prospective study was to determine the plasma levels of nitric oxide (NO) in women with chronic pelvic pain secondary to endometriosis (n=24) and abdominal myofascial pain syndrome (n=16). NO levels were measured in plasma collected before and 1 month after treatment. Pretreatment NO levels (μM) were lower in healthy volunteers (47.0±12.7) than in women with myofascial pain (64.2±5.0, P=0.01) or endometriosis (99.5±12.9, P<0.0001). After treatment, plasma NO levels were reduced only in the endometriosis group (99.5±12.9 vs 61.6±5.9, P=0.002). A correlation between reduction of pain intensity and reduction of NO level was observed in the endometriosis group [correlation = 0.67 (95%CI = 0.35 to 0.85), P<0.0001]. Reduction of NO levels was associated with an increase of pain threshold in this group [correlation = -0.53 (-0.78 to -0.14), P<0.0001]. NO levels appeared elevated in women with chronic pelvic pain diagnosed as secondary to endometriosis, and were directly associated with reduction in pain intensity and increase in pain threshold after treatment. Further studies are needed to investigate the role of NO in the pathophysiology of pain in women with endometriosis and its eventual association with central sensitization.


Assuntos
Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Dor Crônica/etiologia , Endometriose/complicações , Óxido Nítrico/sangue , Limiar da Dor/efeitos dos fármacos , Dor Pélvica/etiologia , Dor Crônica/sangue , Endometriose/cirurgia , Laparoscopia , Síndromes da Dor Miofascial/complicações , Medição da Dor , Estudos Prospectivos , Dor Pélvica/sangue , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 48(4): 363-9, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25714893

RESUMO

The objective of this prospective study was to determine the plasma levels of nitric oxide (NO) in women with chronic pelvic pain secondary to endometriosis (n=24) and abdominal myofascial pain syndrome (n=16). NO levels were measured in plasma collected before and 1 month after treatment. Pretreatment NO levels (µM) were lower in healthy volunteers (47.0±12.7) than in women with myofascial pain (64.2±5.0, P=0.01) or endometriosis (99.5±12.9, P<0.0001). After treatment, plasma NO levels were reduced only in the endometriosis group (99.5±12.9 vs 61.6±5.9, P=0.002). A correlation between reduction of pain intensity and reduction of NO level was observed in the endometriosis group [correlation = 0.67 (95%CI = 0.35 to 0.85), P<0.0001]. Reduction of NO levels was associated with an increase of pain threshold in this group [correlation = -0.53 (-0.78 to -0.14), P<0.0001]. NO levels appeared elevated in women with chronic pelvic pain diagnosed as secondary to endometriosis, and were directly associated with reduction in pain intensity and increase in pain threshold after treatment. Further studies are needed to investigate the role of NO in the pathophysiology of pain in women with endometriosis and its eventual association with central sensitization.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica/etiologia , Endometriose/complicações , Óxido Nítrico/sangue , Limiar da Dor/efeitos dos fármacos , Dor Pélvica/etiologia , Adulto , Dor Crônica/sangue , Endometriose/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Síndromes da Dor Miofascial/complicações , Medição da Dor , Dor Pélvica/sangue , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
13.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 66(3): 818-826, 06/2014. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-718076

RESUMO

Foram avaliados o uso de estações alimentares, o deslocamento e a taxa de bocado de bezerras de corte que foram mantidas exclusivamente em pastagem de azevém (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) ou receberam suplementos (grão de milho ou gordura). O método de pastejo foi contínuo, com número variável de animais. O delineamento experimental foi inteiramente ao acaso, com medidas repetidas no tempo. O número de bocados realizados por estação alimentar é similar quando as bezerras recebem suplemento ou não. As equações de predição mostram que a massa de lâminas foliares exerce maior influência no tempo por estação alimentar quando as bezerras permanecem exclusivamente em pastejo de azevém ou recebem grão de milho como suplemento, enquanto para bezerras que recebem gordura, essa variável é influenciada pela oferta de forragem. O deslocamento (passos entre estações e passos por minuto) de bezerras exclusivamente em pastejo e que recebem grão de milho é influenciado pela estrutura e qualidade do pasto. A taxa de bocado dos animais suplementados com grão de milho e gordura é influenciada pela proporção de lâminas foliares no dossel. Equações de regressão múltipla, considerando-se os atributos do pasto e da pastagem, podem ser utilizadas como modelos preditores do uso de estações alimentares, deslocamento e taxa de bocado de bezerras de corte...


The use of feeding stations, displacement patterns and bite rate of beef heifers kept exclusively on Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam) or receiving supplements (corn grain or fat) were evaluated. The grazing method was continuous with a variable number of animals. The experimental design was a completely randomized design with repeated time measures. The number of bites per feeding station is similar when heifers receive supplement or not. The prediction equations show that the mass of leaf lamina has greater influence on the time per feeding station when heifers remain exclusively grazing ryegrass or receive corn grain as a supplement, while for calves that receive fat this variable is influenced by forage allowance. The displacement (steps between stations and steps per minute) of heifers exclusively on ryegrass or receiving corn grain is influenced by the structure and quality of grass. The bite rate of heifers supplemented with corn grain and fat is influenced by the proportion of leaf lamina in the sward. Multiple regression equations considering the attributes of grass and pasture can be used as models to predict the use of feeding stations, displacement and bite rate of beef heifers...


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Adolescente , Bovinos , Ração Animal , Bovinos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Lolium , Lipídeos/administração & dosagem , Zea mays , Suplementos Nutricionais , Distribuição Temporal
14.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 64(2): 403-410, abr. 2012. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-622494

RESUMO

Foram estudadas as características do processo de ingestão de forragem por cordeiras em azevém (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) nos estádios fenológicos vegetativo, pré-florescimento e florescimento, por meio de testes de pastejo e da técnica da dupla pesagem. O delineamento experimental foi o inteiramente ao acaso, com três tratamentos e cinco repetições no estádio vegetativo e seis nos demais estádios. Os diferentes estádios fenológicos não influenciam a taxa de ingestão, a massa do bocado e a profundidade de bocado quando a oferta de forragem não é limitante ao consumo. O aumento na taxa de bocados é o mecanismo utilizado por cordeiras para manter a taxa de ingestão constante. Os modelos de regressão múltipla indicam que, dentre os atributos do pasto, sua altura é o de maior importância para determinar mudanças no comportamento ingestivo de cordeiras.


Utilizing grazing tests and the double weighing technique, the characteristics of the forage intake process of lambs grazing Italian Ryegrass pasture at vegetative, pre-flowering and flowering phenological stages were studied. A completely randomized design with three treatments and five replicates in the vegetative stage and six replicates in the other phenological stages was used. The intake rate, bite mass and bite depth were not influenced by the phenological stages when the intake was not limited by the forage allowance. By increasing bite rate lambs maintained a constant rate of intake. The multiple regression models indicate that among the herbage attributes, the sward height is the most important to determine changes in the grazing behavior of lambs on Italian Ryegrass pasture.

15.
J Microbiol Immunol Infect ; 44(3): 235-7, 2011 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21524620

RESUMO

Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute febrile multisystem vasculitic syndrome of unknown etiology, occurring mostly in infants and children younger than 5 years of age. We present a 13-month-old male with KD from whom was found human bocavirus DNA in nasopharyngeal secretions. Human bocavirus DNA in a patient with KD raised question about the coincidental or possible etiological association.


Assuntos
Bocavirus Humano , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/complicações , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/virologia , Infecções por Parvoviridae/complicações , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Mucosa Nasal/metabolismo , Mucosa Nasal/virologia , Nasofaringe/patologia , Nasofaringe/virologia , Infecções por Parvoviridae/virologia , Infecções Respiratórias/virologia
16.
Scand J Rheumatol ; 39(5): 398-401, 2010.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20476850

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate chromosome damage, by means of micronucleus frequency, in dermal fibroblasts from affected and non-affected skin from systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients and from controls. METHODS: Primary fibroblast cultures were obtained by biopsy from affected and non-affected skin from SSc patients. Control fibroblasts were derived from skin remnants from plastic surgery in healthy adults. The number of micronuclei-bearing cells per 1000 binucleated cells (MN+ cells/1000 BN) was determined in cultures with and without clastogenic stimulus (bleomycin 3 µg/mL). RESULTS: Primary cultures from 10 SSc patients (affected and non-affected skin) and nine controls were analysed by two blinded examiners. In the absence of bleomycin, the frequency of MN+ cells was higher in cultures from affected (14.01 ± 11.96 MN+ cells/1000 BN; p = 0.004) and non-affected (15.41 ± 13.58 MN cells/1000 BN; p = 0.005) skin from SSc patients as compared to fibroblasts from healthy controls (4.74 ± 3.30 MN cells/1000 BN). In bleomycin-treated cultures, the frequency of MN cells was higher in SSc affected (38.03 ± 26.14 MN cells/1000 BN; p = 0.041) and non-affected skin (38.47 ± 17.88 MN cells/1000 BN; p = 0.034) as compared to healthy control fibroblasts (20.54 ± 13.09 MN cells/1000 BN). There was no difference in the frequency of MN cells in cultures from affected and non-affected skin of SSc patients. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first demonstration that dermal fibroblasts from SSc patients present an increased frequency of spontaneous and clastogen-induced micronuclei. Increased clastogenesis seems to be a widespread phenomenon in SSc because fibroblasts from clinically affected and non-affected skin presented the equivalent increased micronuclei counts.


Assuntos
Fibroblastos/patologia , Micronúcleos com Defeito Cromossômico/estatística & dados numéricos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/genética , Escleroderma Sistêmico/patologia , Pele/patologia , Adulto , Biópsia , Bleomicina/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Micronúcleos com Defeito Cromossômico/induzido quimicamente , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutagênicos/efeitos adversos , Estresse Oxidativo/genética , Prevalência
17.
Am J Reprod Immunol ; 48(6): 394-403, 2002 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12607776

RESUMO

PROBLEM: To determine the effect of ovarian stimulation on TH1, TH2 and natural killer (NK) lymphocytes, plasma cytokines, leptin and nitrite levels. METHODS: Women with reproductive failure were studied during the implantation window, at baseline (n = 18) and under ovarian stimulation (gonadotropins + progesterone, n = 6). CONTROLS: eight fertile women. Lymphocyte subpopulations and NK function were determined by flow cytometry. Interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-4, IL-10, IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, TGF-beta1 and leptin were measured by enzyme immunoassay (EIA); nitrite by the Griess reaction. RESULTS: At baseline, patients had higher values of NK effectors, NK activity and plasma IFN-gamma and IL-2 than controls. Conversely, TGF-beta1 values were lower. Hormones induced leukocytosis. Under stimulation, THI CD4+ cells, NK effectors and function and plasma IFN-gamma and IL-2 decreased, while transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 increased. Other variables did not change. CONCLUSION: The abnormal distribution of leukocytes, high TH1 cytokines and a low TGF-beta1 associated with reproductive failure, respond to ovarian stimulation, achieving total or partial normalization.


Assuntos
Gonadotropina Coriônica/farmacologia , Citocinas/sangue , Infertilidade Feminina/terapia , Células Matadoras Naturais/efeitos dos fármacos , Leptina/sangue , Leuprolida/farmacologia , Nitritos/sangue , Indução da Ovulação , Progesterona/farmacologia , Células Th1/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th2/efeitos dos fármacos , Adulto , Citotoxicidade Imunológica , Feminino , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Infertilidade Feminina/sangue , Infertilidade Feminina/imunologia , Interferon gama/sangue , Interleucina-10/sangue , Interleucina-2/sangue , Interleucina-4/sangue , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Contagem de Linfócitos , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/sangue , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1 , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise
18.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 54(2): 117-20, 1990 Feb.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-2260935

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In the current study we analyzed clinical evolution and therapeutic aspects of malignant diphtheric myocarditis. METHODS: Fourteen patients with primary diagnosis of diphtheria were prospectively evaluated. Cardiac involvement was detected after 11.5 (mean) days. The diagnosis of diphtheric myocarditis was done in clinical basis. RESULTS: Seven (50%) patients died. Cardiac failure was a common finding in all cases. Complete A-V block was identified in eight (57%) patients. Temporary pacemaker was implanted in 10 cases, six of them died due to myocardial failure. Definitive pacemaker was necessary in two patients with persistent complete A-V block after one-month follow-up. One patient with atrial fibrillation died with sepsis. Respiratory infection was the commonest extracardiac complication (six cases) and two patients developed Guillain-Barré syndrome. We also identified neurologic, renal and adrenal complications. CONCLUSION: Cardiac rhythm disturbances in diphtheric myocarditis are associated with high probability of necessity of temporary pacemaker and high mortality. Definitive pacemaker can be implanted in persistent complete A-V block.


Assuntos
Difteria/complicações , Miocardite/etiologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Bloqueio Cardíaco/etiologia , Bloqueio Cardíaco/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Miocardite/mortalidade , Marca-Passo Artificial
20.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 23(3): 105-8, 1983.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-17293

RESUMO

Os autores apresentam os criterios para o diagnostico da doenca de Paget em 42 pacientes, dos quais 13 do sexo masculino (31%) e 29 do feminino (69%), a maioria da raca branca (90%) e todos acuma de 50 anos de idade. Apenas 23 pacientes (56%) apresentaram-se sintomaticos, ou seja, dor ossea nos membros inferiores (54%) ou generalizada (46%), cefaleia, dores lombares ou cervicais, etc. A avaliacao radiologica revelou alteracoes osseas caracteristicas na bacia, coluna vertebral, femur e tibia pela ordem de frequencia. Verificou-se aumento da fosfatase alcalina em 75% dos pacientes e da hemossedimentacao em 94%, enquanto que em todos a dosagem serica do calcio e fosforo estava normal. Os autores valorizam a realizacao do exame otoneurologico e a utilizacao das determinacoes de fosfatase alcalina, hemossedimentacao,calcio e fosforo plasmaticos, hidroxiprolinuria, cintilografia ossea (e biopsia ossea quando indicada) como criterios diagnosticos na doenca de Paget


Assuntos
Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Osteíte Deformante
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