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1.
J. health sci. (Londrina) ; 23(3): 191-194, 20210920.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292753

RESUMO

Despite composite resins capacity to mimic dental tissues, they can discolor over time. However, there is no information on the effect of prebrushing mouthwashes on the composite resin staining. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of prebrushing mouthwashes on the color stability of three composite resins. Twenty specimens of each resin were prepared: Filtek Z250 (3M ESPE ­S Paul, MN, USA), Charisma (Heraeus Kulzer GmbH - Hanau - Germany) e EvoluX (Dentsply- Petrópolis - Brazil). Groups were randomly divided accord to the treatment: immersion in prebrushing mouthwash (test group) or immersion in deionized water (control group). Test groups were immersed in 10 ml of prebrushing mouthwash Plax Magic (Colgate-Palmolive, São Bernardo do Campo, SP, Brazil) for 60 s three times a day during 35 days following the manufacturer's instructions. Color measurements were performed after 24 h of specimen's preparation and after 7, 14, 21, and 35 days of immersion time. Results showed that prebrushing mouthwash Plax Magic promoted a color change in all the tested materials and evaluation time. The color change was greater in composite resin Charisma, followed by Z250 and EvoluX. Therefore, prebrushing mouthwash promoted a color change in all the materials used. Composite resin Charisma demonstrated less color stability than Filtek Z250 resin and EvoluX resin, which was the most stable. (AU)


Apesar da capacidade das resinas compostas de mimetizar os tecidos dentais, esses materiais podem ter sua cor alterada com o tempo. No entanto, não há informação na literatura sobre o efeito de evidenciadores de placa na estabilidade de cor desses materiais. Este estudo teve por objetivo avaliar o efeito de um evidenciador de placa na estabilidade de cor e três resinas compostas. Para isso, 20 espécimes de cada resina foram preparados: Filtek Z250 (3M ESPE ­S Paul, MN, EUA), Charisma (Heraeus Kulzer GmbH - Hanau - Alemanha) e EvoluX (Dentsply- Petrópolis - Brasil). Os grupos foram aleatoriamente divididos de acordo com o tratamento a ser submetido: imersão no evidenciador de placa (grupo teste) ou imersão em água deionizada (grupo controle). Os grupos teste foram imersos em 10 ml do evidenciador de placa Plax Magic (Colgate Palmolive, São Bernardo do Campo, SP, Brasil) por 60 s três vezes por dia durante 35 dias, de acordo com a orientações de uso do fabricante. As leituras de cor foram feitas após 24 h da preparação dos espécimes e após 7, 14, 21 e 35 dias de imersão. Os resultados mostraram que o evidenciador de placa Plax Magic promoveu alteração de cor em todos os materiais usados e em todos os tempos de leitura. A alteração de cor foi maior na resina Charisma, seguida da Z250 e EvoluX. Portanto, o evidenciador de placa promove alteração de cor em todos os materiais testados. A resina composta Charisma demonstrou menor estabilidade de cor que as resinas Z250 e EvoluX, que, por sua vez, foi a mais estável. (AU)

2.
J Dent ; 113: 103747, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34273442

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This randomized, double-blind clinical trial, , evaluated the behavior of two universal adhesives used in etch-and-rinse (ER) or self-etch (SE) approach in non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs). METHODS: Two hundred and eleven NCCLs were selected in 54 participants and randomly allocated into four experimental groups: Scotchbond Universal Adhesive - SBU (3M Oral Care) and Prime & Bond Elect - PB (Dentsply Sirona) used in ER and SE modes. Two trained operators placed all resin composite restorations (Filtek Z250, 3M Oral Care). Restorations were evaluated at baseline and after 6 months using both FDI and USPHS modified criteria by a blinded calibrated examiner. Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U non-parametric tests were used to compare the restoration failures among experimental groups. RESULTS: Statistically significant differences were found among groups regarding failures (p=0.000 for both FDI and USPHS criteria). PB-SE presented more failures (p<0.05) than other experimental groups. No significant difference was found between any other pair of groups (p>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The etch and rinse approach affected the clinical performance of Prime and Bond Elect. For this material, the self-etch approach generated lower criteria scores after a six-month follow-up. The bonding strategy did not influence Scotchbond Universal Adhesive clinical performance. (RBR-2GQMVF) CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The clinical behavior of mild universal adhesive Prime & Bond Elect depends on the bonding strategy. The etch-and-rinse approach is recommended for this adhesive system. Scotchbond Universal Adhesive can be used in both bonding strategies without impairing clinical performance.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Adesivos , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Diagnóstico Bucal , Humanos , Cimentos de Resina
3.
J Adhes Dent ; 23(3): 243-252, 2021 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34060304

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of the etching strategy of universal adhesives on bond degradation to sound and artificially-induced caries-affected dentin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The universal adhesives (Scotchbond Universal Adhesive; All-Bond Universal; Prime&Bond Elect) and adhesives used as controls (Adper Single Bond 2 and Clearfil SE Bond) were applied to sound and artificially-induced caries-affected bovine dentin. Microtensile bond strength was evaluated immediately (24 h) and after one year of water storage (1 year). Representative specimens were also prepared to assess nanoleakage. Bond strength data (MPa) were analyzed using three-way ANOVA and post-hoc Tukey's test (α = 0.05), considering each substrate separately. RESULTS: Bonding degradation was observed for all universal adhesives on caries-affected dentin, irrespective of the etching strategy. On sound dentin, bonding degradation was observed when adhesives were used on the etch-and-rinse strategy. CONCLUSION: The universal adhesives were not capable of maintaining bond stability over time on caries-affected dentin. The self-etch strategy seems better able to maintain the durability of adhesive interfaces created on sound dentin.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cárie Dentária , Animais , Bovinos , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Dentina , Resistência à Tração
4.
Pediatr Dent ; 43(1): 57-61, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33662252

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of potassium iodide (KI) after applying silver diamine fluoride (SDF) on the staining of demineralized dentin covered or not by a composite resin layer. Methods: Dentin blocks from 30 bovine incisors were demineralized and randomly allocated in three groups (N equals 10): (1) control (no treatment); (2) treated with SDF; and (3) treated with SDF and KI. Half of the specimens of each group received a composite resin restoration immediately after treatment. A colorimetric evaluation, according to the CIE L*a*b* system, was performed at baseline and after seven, 14, 30, and 60 days. The ΔE data were analyzed using the generalized linear model (Δ equals 0.05). Results: The use of KI immediately after applying SDF decreased the dentin staining at all assessment times. SDF treatment only stained the dentin under composite resin after 60 days. The application of KI reduced the dentin under composite resin staining as ΔE values were similar to the control group even after 60 days. Conclusions: The use of potassium iodide minimizes the darkening of dentin and prevents the staining of the dentin under composite resin restorations in the long-term.


Assuntos
Dentina , Iodeto de Potássio , Animais , Bovinos , Resinas Compostas , Fluoretos Tópicos , Humanos , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário , Compostos de Prata
5.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 31(1): 122-130, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33405356

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to the chemical and morphological differences between primary vs. permanent teeth, the time reduction of the acid etching or acidic primer can result in higher values of bond strength. AIM: To assess through a systematic review and meta-analysis the influence of the reducing etching (acid etching or acidic primer) time on the bond strength of adhesive systems to primary dentin. DESIGN: A systematic search was carried out in 3 databases: PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus. Studies that evaluated the effect of reducing the etching time on the bond strength of adhesive systems to primary dentin were included. Meta-analyses were performed using a random-effects model, with subgroups for etch-and-rinse and self-etching adhesives, with a significance level of P < .05. The risk of bias and heterogeneity between studies (Cochrane and I2 tests) were assessed. RESULTS: Eight studies were included in the systematic review and seven in the meta-analyses. The shortening etching time did not influence the immediate dentin bond strength for etch-and-rinse (Z = 0.07, P = .95) and self-etching adhesives (Z = 0.41, P = .69). After ageing, however, the shorting etching time improved the bond strength for etch-and-rinse adhesives (Z = 2.01, P = .04). All studies presented high bias risk. CONCLUSIONS: Reducing the acid-etching time to primary dentin improves the long-term bond strength to this substrate.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Condicionamento Ácido do Dente , Cimentos Dentários , Dentina , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Dente Decíduo
6.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e081, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32696905

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of shortening of etching time for dentin on the restoration survival after selective carious tissue removal in primary molars. This two-arm randomized clinical trial included sixty-two subjects (5-8 year-old) and 100 primary molars presenting moderate dentin carious lesions on occlusal surface. The sample was randomly assigned into groups previously to adhesive application (Adper Single Bond 2; 3M ESPE): etching time recommended by manufacturer (15 s) or reduced (7 s). Resin composite (Filtek Bulk Fill Posterior Restorative; 3M ESPE) was inserted in a single increment for all restorations. Restorations were evaluated at 1, 6, 12, and 18 months using FDI criteria. Survival estimates for restorations' longevity were evaluated with Kaplan-Meier method. Multivariate Cox regression analysis with shared frailty was used to assess the factors associated with failures (p < 0.05). The etching time did not influence the restorations' survival (HR 0.35 95%CI 0.11-1.12; p = 0.06). Mean estimated time of survival was 17.6 months (95%CI, 17.2-17.9). The survival rates at the 18-month follow-up were 75.7% and 91.4% (AFR: 16.9% and 5.7%) when primary dentin was acid etched for 15 and 7 s, respectively (log-rank p = 0.06). In conclusion, the etching time for dentin did not influence the clinical behavior of adhesives restorations. However, there was a tendency for better clinical outcome when using etching time of 7 s.


Assuntos
Dente Decíduo , Resinas Compostas , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários , Dente Molar
7.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 30(1): 85-95, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31419356

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Silver diammine fluoride (SDF) applied before a restoration may prevent recurrent caries; therefore, its effect on the bonding of restorative materials is contradictory. AIM: To assess through a systematic review and meta-analysis the influence of SDF on the bonding performance of adhesive materials to dentine. DESIGN: A systematic search was carried out in PubMed, Web of Science, LILACS, and Scopus. Studies comparing bond strength of adhesive systems or glass ionomer cement to SDF-treated and -untreated (control) dentine were included. Global analysis comparing the bond strength data was performed, separately for adhesive systems and glass ionomer cement, using RevMan5.1, with a random-effect model, at a 5% significance level. RESULTS: Eleven studies were included in the review and ten in the meta-analyses. Overall pooled effect for glass ionomer cement has shown no significant difference between the groups (Z = 0.47; P = .64). SDF treatment significantly impairs the bonding of adhesive systems to dentine (Z = 2.11; P = .03); this effect can be eliminated by the rinsing step (Z = 0.85; P = .40). CONCLUSIONS: The previous application of SDF does not influence the dentine bond strength of glass ionomer cement, but compromises the bonding of adhesive systems.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro , Amônia , Cimentos Dentários , Dentina , Fluoretos , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Compostos de Prata
8.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1101281

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To assess the reproducibility of two clinical criteria for the evaluation of restorations in primary teeth and the impact on treatment decision. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed selecting 71 resin-based composite restorations placed in primary molars of children who had sought dental treatment at a dental school. Two trained examiners evaluated independently the restorations using modified FDI and USPHS criteria. All restorations were assessed separately with each system in random order to avoid memory bias. Kappa statistics were used to determine inter-examiner reliability considering each parameter of both criteria and score final about treatment decision. McNemar test was used to compare the treatment decision with two criteria. The significance level was set at 5%. Results: Kappa values ranged from 0.28 to 0.93 with USPHS and 0.28 to 0.88 with FDI, considering each parameter separately. Inter-examiner agreement for treatment decision was excellent for both criteria (Kappa: 0.85-0.90). For clinical decision-making, no difference between criteria was found, irrespective of examiner. Conclusion: Low inter-examiner agreement for evaluation of each parameter of USPHS and FDI criteria does not reflect on reproducibility for treatment decision. Both criteria may be suitable for evaluation of composite restorations in primary teeth.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Dente Decíduo , Assistência Odontológica/psicologia , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Dente Molar , Faculdades de Odontologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico
9.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e081, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1132665

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of shortening of etching time for dentin on the restoration survival after selective carious tissue removal in primary molars. This two-arm randomized clinical trial included sixty-two subjects (5-8 year-old) and 100 primary molars presenting moderate dentin carious lesions on occlusal surface. The sample was randomly assigned into groups previously to adhesive application (Adper Single Bond 2; 3M ESPE): etching time recommended by manufacturer (15 s) or reduced (7 s). Resin composite (Filtek Bulk Fill Posterior Restorative; 3M ESPE) was inserted in a single increment for all restorations. Restorations were evaluated at 1, 6, 12, and 18 months using FDI criteria. Survival estimates for restorations' longevity were evaluated with Kaplan-Meier method. Multivariate Cox regression analysis with shared frailty was used to assess the factors associated with failures (p < 0.05). The etching time did not influence the restorations' survival (HR 0.35 95%CI 0.11-1.12; p = 0.06). Mean estimated time of survival was 17.6 months (95%CI, 17.2-17.9). The survival rates at the 18-month follow-up were 75.7% and 91.4% (AFR: 16.9% and 5.7%) when primary dentin was acid etched for 15 and 7 s, respectively (log-rank p = 0.06). In conclusion, the etching time for dentin did not influence the clinical behavior of adhesives restorations. However, there was a tendency for better clinical outcome when using etching time of 7 s.


Assuntos
Dente Decíduo , Adesivos Dentinários , Resinas Compostas , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Dentina , Dente Molar
10.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e038, 2019 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31141036

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the bond strength of a universal adhesive system to enamel surrounding real-life carious cavities. Twenty-eight permanent molars (n = 7) with carious lesions in dentin were subjected to selective carious tissue removal to firm dentin and had their crowns sectioned longitudinally. A universal adhesive system (Single Bond Universal [SBU] used in either etch-and-rinse and self-etch strategies) was compared with an etch-and-rinse Adper Single Bond 2 (ASB) and a self-etch Clearfil SE Bond (CSE) adhesive systems (control systems). Adhesives were applied on the enamel, assumed demineralized, surrounding the cavity margins and on sound enamel (control substrate). Composite cylinders were built (0.72 mm2) and microshear bond strength (µSBS) test was performed after 24 h of water storage. The µSBS values (MPa) were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc tests (α = 0.05). Bond strength values obtained in demineralized enamel surrounding carious cavity margins were significantly lower than that obtained in sound enamel (distant from carious cavity margins) (p = 0.035). The bonding strategy of the SBU did not influenced the bond strength values, which were higher than that obtained with ASB. CSE showed similar µSBS values to ASB and SBU in the self-etch mode. In conclusion, the bond strength to enamel assumed demineralized is lower than to sound enamel. The enamel surrounding carious cavities jeopardize the bonding of universal adhesive system. The bond strength of universal adhesive is similar, regardless to bonding strategy.


Assuntos
Bis-Fenol A-Glicidil Metacrilato/química , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Cimentos Dentários/química , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Análise de Variância , Bis-Fenol A-Glicidil Metacrilato/uso terapêutico , Cimentos Dentários/uso terapêutico , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Distribuição Aleatória , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Cimentos de Resina/química , Cimentos de Resina/uso terapêutico , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Propriedades de Superfície
11.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4067, 01 Fevereiro 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-997984

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the teaching of the pulpectomy in primary teeth among graduate and undergraduate Brazilian dental schools. Material and Methods: From August 2015 to July 2016, an 11-question survey was sent to 44 graduate and 207 undergraduate dental schools. Data obtained were summarized using descriptive statistics. Results: The response rate was higher from graduate (56.8%) than undergraduate (41.1%) courses. Pulpectomy was taught by all participating schools. More than 90% of the undergraduate and graduate courses recommend the use of hand instruments for canals debridement, but the widening of root canals was advised in 69.4% of undergraduate and in 84% of graduate schools. Regarding the irrigatings, 1% sodium hypochlorite as a single irrigating solution was the most taught for both biopulpectomy and necropulpectomy. The iodoform-based Guedes-Pinto paste as the single indication was the preferred root canal filling material in undergraduate schools (30.6%), while the zinc oxidethickened calcium hydroxide paste as the single option was the most recommended in graduate courses (36%). Endodontic hand file associated with lentulo drill for filling root canals was recommended by most courses. Overall, biopulpectomy was performed in one session, while necropulpectomy led two sessions. Periapical radiograph for diagnosis and final obturation was the most adopted conduct by undergraduate (68.2%) and graduate (72%) schools. Gutta-percha and glass ionomer cement were preferred materials to seal the entrance of the pulp chamber. Conclusion: There was variability in the techniques and materials taught to perform pulpectomy in primary teeth among Brazilian graduate and undergraduate dental schools. Calcium hydroxide paste has been used in similar proportion to iodoform-based paste.


Assuntos
Pulpectomia/métodos , Dente Decíduo/diagnóstico por imagem , Brasil , Hidróxido de Cálcio/análise , Educação em Odontologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e038, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001609

RESUMO

Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the bond strength of a universal adhesive system to enamel surrounding real-life carious cavities. Twenty-eight permanent molars (n = 7) with carious lesions in dentin were subjected to selective carious tissue removal to firm dentin and had their crowns sectioned longitudinally. A universal adhesive system (Single Bond Universal [SBU] used in either etch-and-rinse and self-etch strategies) was compared with an etch-and-rinse Adper Single Bond 2 (ASB) and a self-etch Clearfil SE Bond (CSE) adhesive systems (control systems). Adhesives were applied on the enamel, assumed demineralized, surrounding the cavity margins and on sound enamel (control substrate). Composite cylinders were built (0.72 mm2) and microshear bond strength (µSBS) test was performed after 24 h of water storage. The µSBS values (MPa) were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc tests (α = 0.05). Bond strength values obtained in demineralized enamel surrounding carious cavity margins were significantly lower than that obtained in sound enamel (distant from carious cavity margins) (p = 0.035). The bonding strategy of the SBU did not influenced the bond strength values, which were higher than that obtained with ASB. CSE showed similar µSBS values to ASB and SBU in the self-etch mode. In conclusion, the bond strength to enamel assumed demineralized is lower than to sound enamel. The enamel surrounding carious cavities jeopardize the bonding of universal adhesive system. The bond strength of universal adhesive is similar, regardless to bonding strategy.


Assuntos
Humanos , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Bis-Fenol A-Glicidil Metacrilato/química , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Cimentos Dentários/química , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Propriedades de Superfície , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Distribuição Aleatória , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Análise de Variância , Bis-Fenol A-Glicidil Metacrilato/uso terapêutico , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Cimentos de Resina/uso terapêutico , Cimentos de Resina/química , Cimentos Dentários/uso terapêutico , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos
13.
J Adhes Dent ; 20(6): 481-494, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30564795

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To systematically review the literature to analyze the influence of endodontic irrigating solutions on the bond strength of adhesives to coronal enamel or dentin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The PubMed/MEDLINE, Web of Science and Scopus electronic databases were used to select laboratory studies related to the research question, without publication year or language limits. From 2461 potentially eligible studies, 2451 were selected for full-text analysis, and 97 were included in the systematic review. Two authors independently selected the studies, extracted the data, and assessed the risk of bias. Pooling bond strength data were calculated using RevMan5.1 with random effects model (α = 0.05), comparing control (no endodontic irrigating solution) and experimental groups (one or more endodontic solutions). RESULTS: No significant difference was found between the control and experimental groups (p = 0.12) in the overall meta-analysis and in the meta-analysis excluding chlorhexidine (p = 0.06). High heterogeneity was found in the meta-analyses. Most included studies in the systematic review were scored as having a high risk of bias. CONCLUSION: The different endodontic irrigating solutions evaluated showed no negative influence on the bond strength of dental adhesives to coronal dental substrates.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cimentos Dentários , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Esmalte Dentário , Dentina , Humanos
14.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 2018 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29984557

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Limited data is available on variables influencing the survival of composite restorations in primary teeth. AIM: This retrospective university-based study assessed the survival and risk factors associated with failures of resin composite restorations performed in primary teeth. DESIGN: The sample was composed of 961 restorations from records of 337 patients (178 girls and 159 boys) attended in a university dental clinic. The restorations' longevity up to 48 months of follow-up was assessed using the Kaplan-Meier survival test. Multivariate Cox regression analysis with shared frailty was used to evaluate the factors associated with failures (P < 0.05). RESULTS: Mean survival time was 41.5 months (95% CI: 39.7-43.3), with 70.6% of the restorations surviving after 48 months of evaluation. The overall annual failure rate up to 48 months follow-up was 8.3%. Restorations placed in lower arch had lower survival rate than those in upper arch (HR: 1.82, 95% CI: 1.02-3.28). Restorations involving two or more surfaces had more risk of failure than restorations placed in cavities involving only one surface (HR: 2.55 95% CI: 1.34- 4.83). Girls had less risk of failure in their restorations (HR: 0.43, 95% CI: 0.19-0.96). CONCLUSION: Individual and dental variables such as gender, arch type and number of restored surfaces were associated with failure of composite restorations performed in children under daily life clinical environment.

15.
J Adhes Dent ; 20(3): 243-247, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29904753

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To examine the influence of phosphoric acid containing chlorhexidine on the dentin bond stability of a universal and a 2-step etch-and-rinse adhesive. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty sound bovine incisors were randomly assigned to 8 groups (n = 10) according to: phosphoric acid (37% phosphoric acid [CTR] or 37% phosphoric acid with 2% chlorhexidine [CHX]); adhesive (Scotchbond Universal Adhesive [SBU]or Adper Single Bond 2 [SB2]); and water storage time (24 h and 6 months). Both acids and adhesives were applied to flat dentin surfaces (following manufacturer's instructions) upon which composite cylinders were built up (0.72 mm2). After storage in distilled water at 37°C for 24 h or 6 months, the composite cylinders were submitted to microshear bond strength (µSBS) testing. Bond strength data (MPa) were analyzed using three-way ANOVA and post-hoc Tukey's test (α = 5%). RESULTS: The interaction among factors was significant (p = 0.012). Both adhesives showed similar 24-h bond strengths regardless of the phosphoric acid. After 6 months, similar values were found for both materials when control phosphoric acid was used, but CHX phosphoric acid produced statistically significantly lower bond strengths for SBU. SB2 bond strength was not affected by acid type. CONCLUSION: Phosphoric acid containing chlorhexidine induced premature bond strength degradation of Scotchbond Universal Adhesive.


Assuntos
Clorexidina , Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Ácidos Fosfóricos , Condicionamento Ácido do Dente , Animais , Bovinos , Dentina , Teste de Materiais , Distribuição Aleatória , Resistência à Tração
16.
J Conserv Dent ; 21(2): 136-141, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29674813

RESUMO

Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of dentin condition on bond strength of multi-mode adhesive systems (MMAS) to sound and artificially induced caries-affected dentin (CAD). Methods: Flat dentin surfaces of 112 bovine incisors were assigned to 16 subgroups (n = 7) according to the substrate condition (sound and CAD- pH-cycling for 14 days); adhesive systems (Scotchbond Universal, All-Bond Universal, Prime and Bond Elect, Adper Single Bond Plus and Clearfil SE Bond) and etching strategy (etch-and-rinse and self-etch). All systems were applied according to the manufacturer's instructions, and resin composite restorations were built. After 24 h of water storage, specimens were sectioned (0.8 mm2) and submitted to the microtensile test. Statistical Analysis: Data (MPa) were analyzed using three-way analysis of variance and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). Results: MMAS presented similar bond strength values, regardless etching strategy in each substrate condition. Bond strength values were lower when MMAS were applied to CAD in the etch-and-rinse strategy. Conclusion: The etching strategy did not influence the bond strength of MMAS to sound or CAD, considering each substrate separately. However, CAD impact negatively on bond strength of MMAS in etch-and rinse mode.

17.
J Adhes Dent ; 20(2): 87-97, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29675511

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To systematically review the literature on laboratory studies to determine whether the bond strength of adhesives to primary teeth is similar to that to permanent teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This systematic review was conducted according to PRISMA and registered in PROSPERO (CRD42014015160). A comprehensive literature search was conducted considering in vitro studies published up to June 2015 in the PubMed/MEDLINE database, with no limit on year of publication. Two reviewers independently selected papers, extracted data and assessed the risk of bias. From 422 eligible studies, 42 were fully analyzed. Thirty-seven studies were ultimately included in the systematic review and meta-analysis. A global comparison was performed with a random-effects model at a significance level of p < 0.05, expressed by the difference of means between the groups. The mean bond strengths and standard deviations were tabulated and statistical analyses were conducted in RevMan 5.1 (The Cochrane Collaboration). RESULTS: There was a significant difference between groups, with permanent teeth presenting higher bond strength than primary teeth (p = 0.0005). When the enamel and dentin substrates were considered separately, dentin presented the same trend (p = 0.002), while for enamel there was no significant difference between the dentitions (p = 0.11). The majority of the studies had a high bias risk. CONCLUSION: Adhesives have higher bond strengths when applied to permanent than to primary teeth. This difference was also valid when the comparison was made between permanent and primary dentin.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Dentina , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Dente Decíduo
18.
Braz Oral Res ; 32: e10, 2018 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29513886

RESUMO

This study aimed to compare the longevity of different conventional restorative materials placed in posterior primary teeth. This systematic review was conducted following the PRISMA statement and registered in PROSPERO (CRD42016035775). A comprehensive electronic search without date or language restrictions was performed in PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Scopus, Turning Research Into Practice (TRIP) and Clinical Trials databases up to January 2017, selecting randomized clinical trials that assessed the longevity of at least two different conventional restorative materials performed in primary molars. Seventeen studies were included in this systematic review. Pairwise and network meta-analyses were performed and relative risks and 95% confidence intervals (CI) calculated. Two reviewers independently selected the studies, extracted the data, and assessed the risk of bias. Restorations of primary molars with conventional glass ionomer cement showed increased risk of failure than compomer, resin-modified glass ionomer cement, amalgam, and composite resin. Risk of bias was low in most studies (45.38% of all items across studies). Pediatric dentists should avoid conventional glass ionomer cement for restoring primary molars.


Assuntos
Materiais Dentários/uso terapêutico , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Dente Decíduo , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Humanos , Metanálise em Rede , Viés de Publicação , Medição de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 16(1): 67-70, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29335685

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study evaluated the colour changes of demineralized enamel after treatment with coloured fluoride gel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Enamel blocks obtained from bovine incisors were submitted to artificial caries induction by pH cycling followed by fluoride gel applications (2% sodium fluoride, pH 6.8) using a colourless gel (control group), pink or blue gels. The enamel optical properties were evaluated by spectrophotometry, using the CIE L*a*b* system at baseline (sound enamel), after artificial caries induction (demineralised enamel) and after each of the five fluoride gel applications (weekly intervals). Changes in enamel optical properties (ΔE) were analysed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: No significant differences were found among fluoride gels (p = 0.476) regardless of the presence of pigments in the gel. ΔE values were significantly different (p < 0.001) between baseline evaluation and treated enamel (after fluoride gel application). CONCLUSION: This in vitro study demonstrated that colour changes in enamel do not occur during fluoride gel treatment, regardless of the presence or absence of coloured pigments in the gel.


Assuntos
Cor , Esmalte Dentário , Dentifrícios/administração & dosagem , Fluoretos Tópicos/administração & dosagem , Desmineralização do Dente , Animais , Bovinos , Géis , Incisivo , Espectrofotometria , Descoloração de Dente/prevenção & controle
20.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e10, 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-889487

RESUMO

Abstract This study aimed to compare the longevity of different conventional restorative materials placed in posterior primary teeth. This systematic review was conducted following the PRISMA statement and registered in PROSPERO (CRD42016035775). A comprehensive electronic search without date or language restrictions was performed in PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Scopus, Turning Research Into Practice (TRIP) and Clinical Trials databases up to January 2017, selecting randomized clinical trials that assessed the longevity of at least two different conventional restorative materials performed in primary molars. Seventeen studies were included in this systematic review. Pairwise and network meta-analyses were performed and relative risks and 95% confidence intervals (CI) calculated. Two reviewers independently selected the studies, extracted the data, and assessed the risk of bias. Restorations of primary molars with conventional glass ionomer cement showed increased risk of failure than compomer, resin-modified glass ionomer cement, amalgam, and composite resin. Risk of bias was low in most studies (45.38% of all items across studies). Pediatric dentists should avoid conventional glass ionomer cement for restoring primary molars.


Assuntos
Humanos , Materiais Dentários/uso terapêutico , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Dente Decíduo , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Metanálise em Rede , Viés de Publicação , Medição de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
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