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Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(3): 549-554, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32515427


PURPOSE: Resin infiltration may be a barrier for bleaching gels. The aim of this study was to compare dental bleaching effectiveness using low-concentration gels on heavily or mildly stained teeth that were or were not treated with resin infiltration agents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty bovine enamel surfaces were submitted to demineralisation, after which two staining protocols were performed. Twenty specimens were immersed in a staining broth for 24 h (Lab 1) or 7 days (Lab 2). Ten specimens of each group received resin infiltrant application following the manufacturer's recommendation. All specimens were bleached using 15% carbamide peroxide gel for 14 days (8 h daily). Colour measurement was performed using a reflectance spectrophotometer at three time points: baseline, after staining, and after bleaching. Data (CIEDE00) were analysed using Student's t-test (p < 0.05). RESULTS: No statistically significant differences were observed in Lab 1 (p = 0.560). For Lab 2, statistically significant differences were detected (p = 0.031). Once bleaching was achieved to some degree (Lab 2), the resin infiltrant may have behaved as a semipermeable barrier to the carbamide peroxide gels. CONCLUSION: Bleaching treatment was effective on mildly pigmented tooth surfaces. On the other hand, in comparison to the control group, the heavily pigmented surfaces bleached less in the presence of the resin infiltrant, possibly due to the lack of free radicals penetrating into the substrate.

Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Descoloração de Dente , Animais , Peróxido de Carbamida , Bovinos , Esmalte Dentário , Combinação de Medicamentos , Humanos , Resinas Vegetais
Clin Oral Investig ; 24(3): 1321-1331, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31297659


OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the 2-year success of resin composite restorations in non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) using the direct or semi-direct techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty volunteers presenting with at least two NCCLs were included. Each participant received one restoration using the direct technique and the other using the semi-direct technique, totaling 60 restorations. Time for completing the treatment was computed. Assessments at baseline, 7 days, and 6, 12, and 24 months were performed using the modified United States Public Health Service criteria. Descriptive analysis was reported as a percentage of successful treatments. For inferential analysis, the Student t test was used to evaluate the differences between extension, depth, and time. The chi-square/Fisher tests were used to compare treatment success after each period (α = 0.05). The results were evaluated by using the Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. RESULTS: Differences were detected regarding mean ± standard deviation time, in which direct and semi-direct procedures were accomplished in 21.8 (± 14.5) and 35.3 (± 19.9) min, respectively. Of the 60 restorations placed, 7 failed in the direct group while 8 failed in the semi-direct group up to 2 years. No differences were detected between restorative protocols. The cumulative survival was 88.5% and 88.4% for the direct technique and semi-direct techniques after 24 months, respectively. CONCLUSION: The tested restorative protocols present similar results for NCCLs within the studied periods. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The semi-direct technique exhibited clinical performance similar to direct technique for NCCL, demonstrating an alternative for restorations of these lesions.

Resinas Compostas , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Colo do Dente/patologia , Idoso , Adaptação Marginal Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(2,supl): 1-10, 2020. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1100194


The current outbreak of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) challenges how professional standards have been defined so far. In Dentistry, biosafety measures already taken by professionals have been intensified, aiming to offer the patient urgent and emergency treatment with safety for both. In this context, Restorative Dentistry is responsible for the care of patients with caries injuries, with or without symptoms and, fractures of teeth and existing restorations. This article guides professionals, during the pandemic period, on the risks involved in adult and pediatric dental care for patients with restorative needs. It also discusses strategies to optimize clinical practice, reducing risks of contamination and virus transmission. (AU)

O atual surto de coronavírus 2019 (COVID-19), fez com que muitos profissionais repensassem sua postura de trabalho. Na Odontologia, medidas de biossegurança já realizadas pelos profissionais, foram intensificadas, com o objetivo de oferecer ao paciente um tratamento de urgência e emergência com segurança para ambos. Neste contexto, a Odontologia Restauradora é responsável pelo atendimento de pacientes com lesões de cárie, com ou sem sintomatologia, e fraturas de dentes e restaurações já existentes. Este trabalho orienta os profissionais quanto aos riscos envolvidos no atendimento odontológico, adulto e pediátrico, de paciente com necessidades restauradoras durante o período de pandemia. O artigo também discute estratégias para otimizar o atendimento, diminuindo riscos de contaminação e transmissão do vírus. (AU)

Infecções por Coronavirus , Contenção de Riscos Biológicos , Odontologia , Pandemias
Oral Health Prev Dent ; : 1-5, 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31825020


PURPOSE: The aim of this exploratory trial was to compare the 3-month effect of two antimicrobials on the salivary levels of Streptococcus mutans (SM) in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety school children aged 6-10 years participated. They were divided into two groups according to treatment used: 1% chlorhexidine gel (CHX) or 30% silver diamine fluoride (SDF). Saliva for SM colony forming unit (CFU)/ml counting was harvested in four periods: baseline (prior to antimicrobials); P1 (24 h after antimicrobial therapy); P30 (30 days after antimicrobial therapy); and P90 (90 days after antimicrobial therapy). CFU/ml data was submitted to repeated measures by analysis of variance (ANOVA). RESULTS: Only the time factor influenced the results (p <0.001), with a reduction of SM for all evaluated periods in comparison to the baseline. No influence of antimicrobials or interactions of factors were detected (p >0.05). P30 presented the lowest levels of SM and at P90, SM levels were similar to P1 but still lower than the baseline observations. SDF and CHX presented a similar effect on SM within each period of evaluation (p = 0.65). CONCLUSION: It was concluded that 30% SDF presents similar antimicrobial effects as 1% CHX over time. SDF might be used as an adjunctive therapy for controlling dental caries in children.

J Esthet Restor Dent ; 31(1): 58-63, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30194909


OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this clinical report was to describe the detection of fluorescent resin residue after orthodontic bracket debonding with two UV light devices and analyze the surface morphology of enamel after 1 year. CLINICAL CONSIDERATIONS: A 22-year-old woman had orthodontic brackets removed by a previous dentist; however, resin residue was left on the enamel of the maxillary teeth. After confirming the fluorescent property of the resin, different protocols were used for each half of the maxillary arch. The first method, a black light lens was attached to a light-curing device to detect resin fluorescence, followed by polishing with silicone rubber tips. The second method used a light emitting diode light system attached to and activated by a high-speed handpiece, followed by polishing with discs. Both methods were completed with diamond polishing paste applied with felt discs. Polyvinyl siloxane impressions were made initially, after residue removal, after finishing and after polishing for morphologic analysis. The results were evaluated with photographs and the scanning electron microscope images made of resin casts from the impressions. A follow-up was made after 1 year. CONCLUSIONS: Both methods yielded a satisfactory clinical outcome, with a smooth surface, acceptable surface gloss and minimal tooth wear. The use of a UV device that excites fluorescence is recommended for the controlled removal of resin residue on enamel. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The controlled removal of resin residue from enamel after orthodontic treatment is challenging but can be improved with auxiliary methods for detecting resin residues. This clinical report describes two types of devices that excite fluorescent resins in a more rapid and precise technique to guide the practitioner in the controlled removal of residual resin on teeth.

Descolagem Dentária , Braquetes Ortodônticos , Adulto , Esmalte Dentário , Feminino , Humanos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Cimentos de Resina , Propriedades de Superfície , Raios Ultravioleta , Adulto Jovem
Am J Dent ; 31(3): 144-148, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30028933


PURPOSE: To evaluate the color stability of bulk-fill resin composites (RC) in comparison to conventional RC submitted to artificial staining. METHODS: 15 specimens of each RC were prepared. Five bulk-fill RC [X-tra Base (XB), Filtek Bulk-Fill Flowable (FBF), Admira Fusion X-tra (AD), Tetric N-Ceram Bulk-Fill (TB), and Filtek Bulk-Fill (FB) ], and two conventional RC [GrandioSO (GO) and Filtek Z350XT (FXT) ] were used. After preparation of the samples, the specimens were immersed in a staining broth for 5 weeks and repolished. The color change was assessed using a spectrophotometer. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA, Tukey's tests, and paired t-test. RESULTS: The bulk-fill flowable (XB and FBF) presented color change clinically acceptable (ΔE< 2.7) after staining. Among the bulk-fill regular resins, only AD presented clinically acceptable values (ΔE= 1.99). Regarding the conventional resins, GO presented a significantly lower color change than the other resins, but was not significantly different from AD. For all the resins, except AD, the repolishing procedures resulted in a significant decrease of color change. Tested resins did not present the same behavior under staining, despite their similarities. All the resins stained above the perceptibility threshold (ΔE> 1.2). After repolishing, the color change was reduced overall. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Color stability of resin composites was related to the properties of the resin material. The staining degree was related to the replacement of the restorations and repolishing contributes to the maintenance and longevity of these composites.

Resinas Compostas , Materiais Dentários , Descoloração de Dente , Teste de Materiais
Braz. dent. sci ; 21(4): 451-460, 2018. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-966311


Objective: To evaluate the visual perception of surface gloss of resin composite under different illuminants by different observers. Material and methods: twelve cylindrical specimens (6mm x 1mm) were fabricated using a nanofilled resin composite (Z350, A2E shade) in order to compare different observers and to determine the limit of perceptibility of surface gloss. Bovine tooth specimen with similar dimensions was obtained for the comparison of different illuminants. Polishing of resin specimens was performed resulting in 6 groups, presenting surface gloss values at 10, 25, 40, 55, 70, and 85 GU (gloss units), measured by glossmeter (NOVOCURVE). Fifteen individuals were selected: 5 lay-person, 5 undergraduate students, and 5 dental professionals. Participants observed the specimens in a light booth (Gti lightbox) under three different illuminants, and rated the possible combinations between resin specimens or with the bovine enamel specimen (85GU). Data obtained were analyzed by PROBIT non-linear regression analysis (α=0.05). Results: Differences were observed among types of illuminants (p=0.042) and ΔGU (p=0.004), with no interaction between factors (p=0.139). The fluorescent light presented lower surface gloss perceptibility values in relation to incandescent light. There was no influence by type of observers (p=0.598). The surface gloss perception limit was 17.6 GU under the presented tested conditions. Conclusion: the illuminant type influenced perception of gloss, with lower percentage of perceptibility for fluorescent light, while such perceptibility was not influence by different observers. (AU)

Objetivo: Avaliar a percepção visual e táctil do brilho superficial da resina composta sob diferentes iluminantes e por diferentes observadores. Material e métodos: foram utilizados doze espécimes cilindricos (6mm x 1mm) fabricados em resina composta nanoparticulada (Z350, 3M ESPE- cor A2E) para comparar diferentes observadores e determinar o limite de perceptibilidade do brilho superficial. Um espécime em dente bovino com dimensões similares foi obtido para a comparação de diferentes iluminantes. O polimento do espécime de resina foi realizado, resultando em 6 grupos (n=2), apresentando valores de brilho superficial em 10, 25, 40, 55, 70 e 85 UB (unidades de brilho), medido por um medidor de brilho (NOVOCURVE ­ Rhopoiny TM, East Sussex, Inglaterra). Foram selecionados quinze indivíduos : 5 leigos, 5 alunos de graduação e 5 profissionais de odontologia. Os participantes observaram espécimes em uma cabine de luz (Gti lightbox, New Jersey, USA), sob três iluminantes diferentes, e avaliaram as possíveis combinações entre espécimes de resina ou com espécime de esmalte bovino (85 UB). Resultados: os dados obtidos foram analisados por análise de regressão não-linear PROBIT (5%). As diferenças foram observadas entre os tipos de iluminantes (p= 0,042) e Δ UB (p= 0,004), sem interação entre os fatores (p= 0,139). A luz fluorescente apresentou valores de percepção de brilho da superfície inferior em relação á luz incandescente. Não houve influência pelo tipo de observadores (p= 0,598). O limite de percepção do brilho superficial foi de 17,6 UB sob as condições testadas apresentadas. Conclusão: o tipo de iluminante influenciou na percepção do brilho, com menor porcentagem de perceptibilidade para luz fluorescente (p=0,042), enquanto que a perceptibilidade não foi influenciada pelos diferentes observadores. (AU)

Variações Dependentes do Observador , Resinas Compostas , Polimento Dentário
Int J Dent ; 2017: 3483171, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28611843


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of aging protocols on surface gloss of composites. Cylindrical resin composite specimens (6 mm in diameter, 1 mm thick) were fabricated and divided into three groups (N = 60): microfilled (MiFi), nanohybrid (NaHy), and nanofilled (NaFi). Specimens were distributed into four aging subgroups: thermocycling (5° to 55°C, 15,000 cycles); ethanol immersion (15 days); brushing (10,750 cycles); and light aging (216 h). Surface gloss readings (Novo-Curve, Rhopoint TM, England) were performed at baseline (R0) and after every one-third of aging protocols (R1 to R3). Data were submitted to one-way repeated measures ANOVA and Tukey's test (5%). Overall, surface gloss alterations were detected over time (p < 0.001). Thermocycling reduced surface gloss, except for NaHy. Ethanol immersion resulted in surface gloss reduction after R1 for MiFi and NaFi, while reduction after R1 and R2 was detected for NaHy. For brushing, gloss reduction was detected after R1 and R3 for all composites. For light aging, gloss was reduced after R1 and R2 for MiFi and NaFi, while a reduction only after R1 was detected for NaHy. The studied aging protocols affect surface gloss differently, being material and aging therapy dependent. In general, the surface gloss is reduced with aging.

Angle Orthod ; 87(3): 440-447, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28035838


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate four protocols for removal of fluorescent materials after bracket debonding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Resin removal from 40 bovine enamel surfaces was performed according to groups (n = 10): conventional (C), white LED (W), LED that evidenced fluorescence (F), and fluorescent lens (FL). The following analyses were performed: sample thickness, superficial area of resin residue, and areas of resin residue or worn enamel in depth. ANOVA and Tukey tests were used to analyze sample thickness (P ≤ .05). Area measurements were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's tests (P ≤ .05). RESULTS: The FL group showed the highest reduction in enamel thickness. F group final thickness was similar to that of other groups. The largest superficial areas of resin residue were found for the C and W groups, while the FL group had the greatest removal of resin residue. The C group exhibited the largest area in depth of resin residue. The FL and F groups exhibited the most loss of enamel with the least amount of resin residue; in contrast, the C and W groups presented the fewest areas of worn enamel and the most areas of resin residue. CONCLUSION: Auxiliary devices were useful for removal of fluorescent residue after bracket debonding.

Descolagem Dentária/instrumentação , Esmalte Dentário/química , Instrumentos Odontológicos , Braquetes Ortodônticos , Cimentos de Resina/química , Animais , Bovinos , Fluorescência , Técnicas In Vitro , Propriedades de Superfície
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2017. 76 p. il., tab., graf..
Tese em Português | BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-905981


O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a influência de observadores sobre a percepção e aceitabilidade de brilho superficial de resinas compostas, sob diferentes iluminantes, em angulação livre e pré-determina em 60°. E ainda, determinar o limite de perceptibilidade e aceitabilidade da variação de unidade de brilho (ΔUB) entre os espécimes. Foram confeccionados 8 espécimes cilíndricos de 6 mm de diâmetro e 1,5 mm de espessura de resina composta, bem como um espécime padrão de dente humano, com 0,5 mm de espessura em esmalte e 1 mm em dentina. Os espécimes receberam polimento a fim de que se obtivesse ao final do processo amostras com 10 UB, 20 UB, 30 UB, 40 UB, 50 UB, 60 UB, 70 UB e 80 UB e um padrão de dente humano de 80 UB. Foram selecionados 60 observadores (20 leigos, 20 alunos de graduação e 20 cirurgiões-dentistas). O estudo foi submetido e aprovado pelo comitê de ética local. Os participantes fizeram a qualificação do brilho superficial de resina composta em cabine de luz (Gti ­ Newburgh,NJ). Para tanto, as amostras foram posicionadas no interior da cabine, duas a duas de forma aleatória, de forma com que a luz incidisse sua superfície em um ângulo de 60°. Os observadores responderam perguntas específicas para se determinar o nível e limite de perceptibilidade das variações de brilho. Todas as análises foram realizadas em duas condições de iluminação, com iluminantes D65 e luz fluorescente. Cinquenta por cento dos observadores iniciaram as análises com ângulo de visualização livre, seguido da qualificação em angulação pré-definida em 60° e, os demais observadores fizeram as observações de forma oposta. Para o nível e limite de aceitabilidade da variação do brilho, as amostras foram individualmente comparadas com o padrão de dente humano. Os dados foram analisados pelo teste Modelo Generalizado Linear/Não-Linear PROBIT e regressão não-linear PROBIT (5%). Para a perceptibilidade, foram encontradas diferenças significantes para a variação de brilho (Δ UB) (p<0,001), para os observadores (p=0,043) e para os iluminantes (p<0,001), no entanto, não houve diferença entre o ângulo de visualização livre e fixo em 60° (p=0,303). Em relação à aceitabilidade, foram observadas diferenças significantes para a variação de brilho (Δ UB) (p<0,001), para os observadores (p=0,003), para os iluminantes (p=0,045) e no ângulo de visualização livre e fixo em 60° (p<0,001). Os limites de perceptibilidade e aceitabilidade, levando em consideração todos os fatores foi de 6,4 UB e 35,7 UB, respectivamente. Conclui-se que fatores rotineiramente encontrados em situações clínicas influenciam a perceptibilidade e aceitabilidade de diferenças de brilho superficial de resinas compostas e que apesar de perceberem limites menores de diferença de brilho, os observadores aceitam clinicamente diferenças cinco vezes maiores(AU)

The aim of the present study was to assess the influence of observers on gloss perception and acceptability of resin composites, with different illuminant exposures, under non-determined visualization field or at 60°; and also to determine the limit of perceptibility and acceptability of gloss unit variation (ΔGU) between specimens. Eight composite resin specimens presenting 6 mm in diameter and 1.5 mm thick were fabricated. A human tooth specimen (1 mm dentin and 0.5 mm enamel) was also obtained. Specimens were polished to obtain surface gloss, in gloss units (GU), at 10 GU, 20 GU, 30 GU, 40 GU, 50GU, 60 GU, 70 GU, and 80 GU; while human tooth specimen presented 80 GU. Sixty observers were selected for the analyses (20 laypersons, 20 students, and 20 dentists). The study was submitted to and approved bythe local Institutional Review Board. Subjects compared the surface gloss of specimens in a light booth (Gti ­ Newburgh, NJ). Specimens were randomly placed, two at a time, in the light booth with light incidence at 60°. Observers answered to specific questions to determine the levels and limits of perceptibility of surface gloss variations. All analyses were performed under two illuminant conditions, being D65 and fluorescent light. Fifty percent of observes started the analyses with non-determined visualization field, followed by determined visualization field at 60o. The rest 50% performed observations in opposite order. The levels and limits of acceptability of surface gloss, were determined by individually comparing resin specimens and human enamel sample. Data were submitted to General linear/non-linear model PROBIT and non-linear regression estimation PROBIT (5%). For the perceptibility, significant differences were observed for the gloss variation (Δ GU) (p <0.001), for the observers (p = 0.043) and for different illuminant exposures (p <0.001). However, there was no difference between 60° or non-fixed visualization fields (p = 0.303). For the acceptability, significant differences were observed for the gloss variation (Δ GU) (p <0.001), for the observers (p = 0.003), for different illuminant exposures (p =0.045), and for different illuminant exposures (p<0.001). The limit of perceptibility and acceptability, considering all the factors was 6.4 GU and 35.7GU, respectively. It was concluded that factors routinely found in clinical situations influence the perceptibility and acceptability of differences surface glossvariations and that despite perceiving lower limits of gloss difference, observers clinically accept differences five times greater(AU)

Humanos , Resinas Compostas , Resinas Compostas/administração & dosagem , Fenômenos Ópticos , Percepção Visual