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1.
J Clin Oncol ; : JCO1902408, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32031876

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes of patients with Hodgkin or non-Hodgkin lymphoma undergoing nonmyeloablative haploidentical or unrelated cord blood (UCB) hematopoietic cell transplantation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively studied 740 patients with Hodgkin lymphoma (n = 283, 38%) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (n = 457, 62%) age 18-75 years who received transplantations from 2009 to 2016. Data were reported to the Lymphoma Working Party of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation, Eurocord, or Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research. Of the 526 patients who received haploidentical transplantation, 68% received bone marrow and 32% received peripheral blood. All patients received a uniform transplantation conditioning regimen (2 Gy of total-body irradiation, cyclophosphamide, and fludarabine) and graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis (calcineurin inhibitor and mycophenolate). In addition, patients who received a haploidentical transplantation received posttransplantation cyclophosphamide. RESULTS: Compared with haploidentical bone marrow and peripheral-blood transplantations and adjusted for age, lymphoma subtype, and disease status, survival was lower after UCB transplantation (hazard ratio [HR], 1.55; P = .001; and HR, 1.59; P = .005, respectively). Similarly, progression-free survival was lower after UCB transplantations compared with haploidentical bone marrow and peripheral-blood transplantations (HR, 1.44; P = .002; and HR, 1.86; P < .0001), respectively. The 4-year overall and progression-free survival rates after UCB transplantation were 49% and 36%, respectively, compared with 58% and 46% after haploidentical bone marrow transplantation and 59% and 52% after peripheral-blood transplantation, respectively. Lower survival was attributed to higher transplantation-related mortality after UCB transplantation compared with haploidentical bone marrow and peripheral-blood transplantation (HR, 1.91; P = .0001; and HR, 2.27; P = .0002, respectively). CONCLUSION: When considering HLA-mismatched transplantation for Hodgkin or non-Hodgkin lymphoma, the data support haploidentical related donor transplantation over UCB transplantation.

2.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 18: AE4530, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049129

RESUMO

The nutritional status of patients submitted to hematopoietic stem cell transplant is considered an independent risk factor, which may influence on quality of life and tolerance to the proposed treatment. The impairment of nutritional status during hematopoietic stem cell transplant occurs mainly due to the adverse effects resulting from conditioning to which the patient is subjected. Therefore, adequate nutritional evaluation and follow-up during hematopoietic stem cell transplant are essential. To emphasize the importance of nutritional status and body composition during treatment, as well as the main characteristics related to the nutritional assessment of the patient, the Brazilian Consensus on Nutrition in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant: Adults was prepared, aiming to standardize and update Nutritional Therapy in this area. Dietitians, nutrition physicians and hematologists from 15 Brazilian centers thar are references in hematopoietic stem cell transplant took part.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31898273

RESUMO

Few data are available regarding epidemiology and outcomes of Philadelphia-negative chronic myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) in Latin America. Therefore, current models for MPN treatment are based in large cohorts of patients from Europe and North America. In this paper, we conducted a retrospective study to evaluate thrombotic and bleeding events in a cohort of patients with MPN from a reference center in Brazil. A total of 334 patients were included, being essential thrombocythemia the most common diagnosis. Here, we found that 41% of the MPN patients had a thrombotic event prior to the diagnosis. Thrombosis was more frequent in patients under 60 years-old. In a multivariable model, only JAK2 V617F mutation (OR 2.57 95% CI 1.58-4.18, p < 0.001) and presence of two cardiovascular risk factors (OR 1.90 95% CI 1.21-2.98, p < 0.005) were significant for thrombosis. The risk of thrombosis was similar among all subtypes of MPN. Cumulative incidence of thromboembolic event at 5 years from diagnosis was 5.8% (95% CI 3.5-8.9), which is similar to previous studies. The high incidence of thromboembolic events in younger patients suggests that socioeconomic disparities might have a role in the outcomes of MPN.

4.
Transfus Apher Sci ; : 102720, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31980333

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Patients with RH variants presenting antibodies directed to RH high frequency antigens or multiple RH antibodies might, in some occasions, be better served with RH genotype-matched units, requiring screening for RH variants among blood donors. To date, strategies to identify donors with RH variants were restricted to selecting individuals of African descent based on self-reported race, what can be inaccurate in racially mixed population. Our goal was to: 1) Screen for donors with RH variants in a mixed population using self-declared race and Rh phenotype as selection criteria; and 2) Verify if including the Duffy null genotype in the screening algorithm increases its effectiveness. METHODS: Brazilian donors were included if self-declared as black and phenotyped as R0r or R1r. All individuals were genotyped for RHCE exons 1, 5, 6 and 7 and for the FY*B c.-67 T > C polymorphism in order to determine the Duffy null genotype. RHD variants were searched for in cases of altered RHCE. RESULTS: Among 2500 blood donors, 217 fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were enrolled. Fifty-three (24.4 %) had a predicted clinically relevant Rh phenotype (partial antigens or lack of high frequency antigens). Twelve donors (5.5 %) had a predicted RhCE phenotype lacking either hrB or hrS. Most cases with predicted lack of high frequency antigens (66.7 %) occurred in donors with the Duffy null genotype. CONCLUSION: Selecting donors based on self-declared race, Rh phenotype and Duffy null genotype is feasible and effective in identifying RH variants lacking Rh high frequency antigens among racially mixed donors.

5.
Transpl Infect Dis ; : e13243, 2020 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31901206

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a worldwide concern with a broad distribution. In immunosuppressed populations, such as solid organ and hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients, it can reactivate leading to acute hepatic failure. Different risk factors are known for higher rates of reactivation, and entecavir, tenofovir, and lamivudine are often used for prophylaxis and treatment. However, data regarding the impact of antiviral drugs in neutrophil and platelet engraftment are still unknown and concern the management of viral hepatitis post-HSCT. METHODS: We performed a single-center, retrospective, observational study reviewing medical records of patients referred for hematopoietic stem cell transplant from 2010 to 2017, which were also HBV infected, aiming to describe outcomes related to antiviral treatment and also the impact on platelet and neutrophil recovery after transplant. A secondary goal consisted of analyzing the impact of HBV infection in early and late mortality post-HSCT. The study included patients with positive blood bank screening for hepatitis B infection (HBsAg, Anti-HBc or HBV-NAT), confirmed later on by a laboratory routine serology. RESULTS: A total of 1132 hematopoietic stem cell recipients were assessed between 2010 and 2017. Eighty-six patients were confirmed to have HBV infection, of which six were HBsAg-positive, 20 were isolated anti-HBc-positive, and 60 had resolved infection (anti-HBc-positive and anti-HBs-positive). With regard to prophylaxis, 19 patients underwent HSCT on HBV antiviral therapy or prophylaxis: two were HBeAg-positive, three were HBeAg-negative and HBV-DNA was only detectable in three of them. Moreover, one patient had an occult HBV infection. Regarding therapy, 9 patients were on entecavir, 6 patients on lamivudine, two on tenofovir, and two of them on a combination of tenofovir + lamivudine due to HIV co-infection. Reverse seroconversion was not identified in any patients receiving antiviral therapy or prophylaxis, but it was detected in one patient with occult hepatitis B and another with resolved infection. No severe side effects led to therapy discontinuation in the treated group, which also did not have any significant delay in neutrophil or platelet engraftment when compared to patients without antiviral therapy. In addition, the only factors associated with increased mortality were transplant onset after 50 years, allogeneic transplant and myeloablative conditioning regimens. Interestingly, the presence of HBsAg or detectable HBV-DNA was not related to worse outcomes, neither the use of rituximab. In multivariate analysis, the use of antiviral therapy, the occurrence of graft-versus-host disease or CMV reactivation also was not linked to increased mortality. CONCLUSIONS: To sum up, HBV serology, ALT, and HBV-DNA monitoring are essential to detect hepatic flares earlier, even in populations with chronic inactive hepatitis, due to the possibility of later seroconversion. HBV infection was not related to increased 2-year mortality post-transplant. Antiviral prophylaxis did not cause any important clinical or laboratory side effects that could demand discontinuation, and its use was not associated with later neutrophil and platelet engraftments.

7.
Leukemia ; 34(1): 128-137, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31409921

RESUMO

Large differences in patient and transplant backgrounds make it difficult to identify consistent prognostic factors of unrelated cord blood transplantation (UCBT) among different populations. Thus, we performed a collaborative study between Eurocord/ALWP-EBMT and JSHCT/JDCHCT. Adults with acute leukaemia who underwent a single UCBT were eligible. In total, 3764 and 1027 patients of the JSHCT/JDCHCT and Eurocord/ALWP-EBMT registries, respectively, were included. The median ages of the Japanese and European cohorts were 51 and 38 years, respectively. Three or more HLA mismatches were more frequently observed in the Japanese cohort. The median total nucleated cell (TNC) counts were 2.58 and 3.51 × 107/kg in the Japanese and European cohorts, respectively. Anti-thymocyte globulin was used in only 2% of the Japanese cohort compared with 65% of the European cohort. The 3-year overall survival (OS) was 41% in JSHCT/JDCHCT and 33% in Eurocord/ALWP-EBMT. In the multivariate analysis, TNC dose and HLA matching had no significant effect on OS in either cohort, whereas year of transplantation, age, and refined disease risk index affected OS in both cohorts. Despite considerable differences in characteristics between the Japanese and European cohorts, we observed similar prognostic factors affecting UCBT outcomes in adult patients with acute leukaemia in both registries.

8.
Leuk Res ; 89: 106287, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31864677

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although the increased use of combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) has decreased the incidence of lymphomas HIV-associated, Burkitt lymphoma (BL) incidence remains stable. Reported outcomes on HIV-associated BL from developed countries seem to corroborate that the regimens do not need to be tailored to the HIV-positive population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective multicenter cohort study from Brazil, including HIV-positive patients aged 15 years and above diagnosed with BL. RESULTS: A total of 54 patients were included. Median age was 39 years (range, 15-64). At diagnosis, advanced disease was found in 86% and 52% had a CD4+ count lower than 200 cells/mm3. Five patients died before starting any regimen. Among the remaining 49 patients, most were treated with Hyper-CVAD (53%) and CODOX-M IVAC (18%). Rituximab was used in frontline in only 16% of the patients. Primary refractory disease was found in 14%. A treatment-related mortality of 38.7% and a complete response rate of 44.9% were found. At 4 years, estimated overall survival (OS) was 39.8%. All relapsed and primary refractory patients eventually died. Remaining patients died from infections (24/34), despite antimicrobial prophylaxis and associated cART. CONCLUSION: Early mortality and toxicity were higher in our cohort than in developed countries. A faster diagnosis, better understanding of the biology of the disease, establishment of low toxicity regimens, inclusion of rituximab and improvement of supportive care may decrease the mortality of HIV-associated BL in developing countries.

9.
Br J Haematol ; 2019 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31880329

RESUMO

Duodenal-type follicular lymphoma (DFL) is a newly recognised variant of follicular lymphoma (FL), although little is known about its biology and clinical evolution. In general, patients tend to have mild symptoms and do not require therapy, comparable with other forms of low-tumour burden asymptomatic FL. Specific pathological features, such as a dendritic cell meshwork, low expression of CD10 and upregulation of activation-induced cytidine deaminase can help the diagnosis. The molecular landscape of DFL is similar to the classical nodal presentation of FL, although studies using gene expression profiling demonstrate a close relation with MALT lymphomas. Markers associated with inflammation have suggested that the microenvironment plays a likely role in the pathogenesis of DFL and its low progression rate. Clinical series published vary between 20-63 patients with an estimated overall survival between 92-100% and a median follow-up ranging between 20 and 107 months. Treatment options include a watch and wait strategy, rituximab monotherapy and radiotherapy. In this review, we summarise current pathological data and treatment studies in DFL.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31844137

RESUMO

In the absence of an HLA-matched donor, the best treatment for acquired aplastic anemia patients refractory to immunosuppression is unclear. We collected and analyzed data from all acquired aplastic anemia patients who underwent a haploidentical transplantation with posttransplant cyclophosphamide in Europe from 2011 to 2017 (n = 33). The cumulative incidence of neutrophil engraftment was 67% (CI95%: 51-83%) at D +28 and was unaffected by age group, stem cell source, ATG use, or Baltimore conditioning regimen. The cumulative incidence of grades II-III acute GvHD was 23% at D +100, and limited chronic GvHD was 10% (0-20) at 2 years, without cases of grade IV acute or extensive chronic GvHD. Two-year overall survival was 78% (64-93), and 2-year graft-versus-host disease-free survival was 63% (46-81). In univariate analysis, the 2-year OS was higher among patients who received the Baltimore conditioning regimen (93% (81-100) versus 64% (41-87), p = 0.03), whereas age group, stem cell source, and ATG use had no effect. Our results using unmanipulated haploidentical transplantation and posttransplant cyclophosphamide for treating refractory AA patients are encouraging, but warrant confirmation in a prospective study with a larger number of patients and longer follow-up.

11.
Blood ; 134(Supplement_1): 44, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31724018

RESUMO

DISCLOSURES: Bader: Riemser, Neovii: Research Funding; Medac: Patents & Royalties, Research Funding; Amgen (Brasil), Novartis: Consultancy, Speakers Bureau; Celgene: Consultancy. Risitano:Alexion: Honoraria, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Achillion: Research Funding; Apellis: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Apellis: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Biocryst: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Alexion: Honoraria, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Amyndas: Consultancy; Samsung: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Samsung: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Roche: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Novartis: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Roche: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Novartis: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Amyndas: Consultancy; Biocryst: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Pfizer: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Pfizer: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Ra Pharma: Research Funding; Ra Pharma: Research Funding; Alnylam: Research Funding; Alnylam: Research Funding; Achillion: Research Funding. Peffault de Latour:Pfizer: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Amgen: Research Funding; Novartis: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Alexion: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding.

13.
Blood Adv ; 3(19): 2836-2844, 2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31582392

RESUMO

In the absence of prospective studies that examine the effect of conditioning regimen intensity after T-cell-replete haploidentical transplant for acute myeloid leukemia (AML), acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), a retrospective cohort analysis was performed. Of the 1325 eligible patients (AML, n = 818; ALL, n = 286; and MDS, n = 221), 526 patients received a myeloablative regimen and 799 received a reduced-intensity regimen. Graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis was uniform with posttransplant cyclophosphamide, a calcineurin inhibitor, and mycophenolate mofetil. The primary end point was disease-free survival. Cox regression models were built to study the effect of conditioning regimen intensity on transplant outcomes. For patients aged 18 to 54 years, disease-free survival was lower (hazard ratio [HR], 1.34; 42% vs 51%; P = .007) and relapse was higher (HR, 1.51; 44% vs 33%; P = .001) with a reduced-intensity regimen compared with a myeloablative regimen. Nonrelapse mortality did not differ according to regimen intensity. For patients aged 55 to 70 years, disease-free survival (HR, 0.97; 37% vs 43%; P = .83) and relapse (HR, 1.32; 42% vs 31%; P = .11) did not differ according to regimen intensity. Nonrelapse mortality was lower with reduced-intensity regimens (HR, 0.64; 20% vs 31%; P = .02). Myeloablative regimens are preferred for AML, ALL, and MDS; reduced-intensity regimens should be reserved for those unable to tolerate myeloablation.

14.
Oncotarget ; 10(50): 5136-5151, 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31497245

RESUMO

Nodal peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) is an aggressive and heterogeneous malignancy with poor prognosis. We studied the prognostic impact of the expression profile of genes related to cell proliferation (CCNA2, TOP2A, and CHEK1), pro-inflammatory activity (NFkB1 and IKBkB), and angiogenesis (VEGF1) in nodal PTCL outcomes, as well as the ability of this genomic panel to discriminate different histological subtypes. We investigated the relative expression of regulator genes in 63 nodal PTCL patients. CCNA2, TOP2A, CHEK1, and NF-kB1 proteins were also assessed by immunohistochemistry. The median patient age was 47 years, 57.1% were male, 34.9% were diagnosed with PTCL-NOS, 28.6% with ALK-/ALCL, 22.2% with ALK+/ALCL, and 14.3% with AITL. The proliferative genes were associated with worse 3-year OS and PFS in PTCL-NOS and better 3-year PFS in ALK-/ALCL. Expression of CCNA2≥median and overexpression of CHEK1 protein (HR 3.793; p = 0.007) were associated with worse OS for all the cohort of nodal PTCL (HR 1.418; p = 0.001). The genomic expression profile tested in this study was not able to discriminate the different subtypes of nodal PTCL, although it showed a distinct prognostic significance between PTCL-NOS and ALCL-ALK. Overexpression of the CCNA2 gene and CHEK1 protein were associated with poor prognosis in the total nodal PTCL cohort.

15.
Br J Haematol ; 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31498883

RESUMO

Haploidentical stem cell transplantation (haploSCT) is becoming a major transplant modality for lymphoma. To assess the effects of donor characteristics, stem cell source and conditioning on outcomes, we identified 474 adults with Hodgkin (HL; 240), peripheral T-cell (PTCL; 88), diffuse large B-cell (77), mantle cell (40) or follicular lymphoma (FL; 29), who received haploSCT with post-transplant cyclophosphamide. Median follow-up of alive patients was 32 months. On multivariate analysis, acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) grade 2-4 was lower with offspring donors or bone marrow cells, whereas extensive chronic GVHD was higher in partial response at haploSCT or when using sisters, haploidentical donors beyond first degree, or female donors in male patients. Progression-free survival (PFS) was better for FL, HL and PTCL, whereas overall survival (OS) was better for HL and PTCL. Complete remission at haploSCT improved PFS and OS whereas these were negatively affected by cytomegalovirus donor positive/recipient positive status. No other donor characteristics (age, gender, human leucocyte antigen mismatch, ABO incompatibility) affected PFS or OS except use of haploidentical donors beyond first degree, which negatively affected OS. PFS and OS are mostly influenced by disease status and lymphoma subtype, supporting the use of any first degree haploidentical family member as a donor.

17.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(12): 2438-2446, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31394275

RESUMO

Outcomes for adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with leukemia differ from other age groups and are still under-represented in clinical research. The aim of this study was to analyze outcomes of umbilical cord blood transplant (UCBT) in AYAs with acute leukemia reported to Eurocord/European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. Patients (N = 504) had acute lymphoblastic (59%) or myeloid leukemia (41%), were aged 15 to 25 years, and received UCBT after myeloablative conditioning regimens between 2004 and 2016. The primary endpoint was 3-year overall survival (OS). Median follow-up was 3.9 years. Transplant was single in 58% and double UCBT in 42%. Three-year OS was 45% and leukemia free survival (LFS) was 41%. Cumulative incidence functions (CIFs) of nonrelapse mortality (NRM) and relapse were 31% and 28%, respectively. CIF of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) grades II to IV at day 100 was 28%. Three-year CIF of chronic GVHD was 25%. In adjusted analysis, better disease status at UCBT (hazard ratio [HR], 2.74; P < .001) and more recent UCBT (HR, 1.43; P = .01) were associated with increased OS, and a similar effect of these factors was observed on LFS. Contrastingly, the use of antithymocyte globulin had a negative effect in LFS. The risk of acute GVHD grades II to IV increased with the use of double UCBT (HR, 1.65; P  = .02) and decreased with more recent transplant period (HR, .65; P = .02) and antithymocyte globulin use (HR, .55; P  = .01). Outcomes of AYA UCBT improved in more recent years, becoming comparable with pediatric results. Demonstrating the feasibility of UCBT in AYAs facilitates stem cell source selection and provides the basis for future prospective studies.

18.
Clin Nutr ESPEN ; 33: 213-219, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31451264

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a common finding in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) patients, and there is some evidence that malnutrition might negatively affect the transplant outcomes. METHOD: We performed a retrospective study with 148 patients aged 18-75 years, who underwent alloHSCT between 2011 and 2017. Patients were classified according to the body mass index (BMI) and the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA). The SGA was assessed on the day of hospitalization for the transplant, and classifies patients into three groups: A (well-nourished), B (moderately malnourished) and C (severely malnourished). RESULTS: The SGA classified 49 (33%) patients as well-nourished, 54 (37%) as moderately malnourished, and 45 (30%) as severely malnourished. SGA-C was also associated with severe acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD) with a cumulative incidence (CI) of 31% vs. a CI of 14% for combined well-nourished or moderately malnourished group (SGA-A or -B, P = 0.017). In multivariate analysis, SGA-C compared to SGA-A or -B, remained as an independent risk factor for aGVHD (hazard ratio - HR 1.68, 95% confidence interval - 95% CI 1.02-2.74), and nonrelapse mortality (NRM - HR 3.63, 95% CI 1.76-7.46), worse progression free survival (HR 2.12, 95% CI 1.25-3.60), and worse overall survival (HR 3.27, 95% CI 1.90-5.64). CONCLUSION: Malnutrition increases the risk of aGVHD and NRM and has a negative impact on survival.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31439517

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An efficient mobilization and collection of peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) are crucial to optimize engraftment in the recipient. We aim to validate a formula that predicted CD34+ cell yield and to describe variables that correlated with high yield mobilization and collection in healthy donors. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed clinical and laboratory data from healthy donors who underwent PBSC collection from 2006 to 2015. The predicted number of collected cells was calculated using the following formula: Total number of CD34+ (cells × 106/kg) yield = [(peripheral CD34+ cells/µL) × (0.43)/recipient body weight (kg)] × total liters processed. RESULTS: We evaluated 338 collections from 307 allogeneic PBSC donors. The predicted versus the observed number of CD34+ cells/kg collected yielded an r-value of 0.775 (0.726-0.816; p < 0.0001). Overall, 55.7% donors had an acceptable mobilization level. Donors with a body weight <67 kg were less likely to yield a satisfactory CD34+ cell count (OR = 0.44; 95%CI 0.24-0.81), while a white blood cell (WBC) count >40 × 109/L (OR = 3.69; 2.11-6.46) and platelet count ≥200 × 109/L (OR = 2.09; 1.26-3.47) on the day of collection predicted a good level of mobilization. Predictors of a CD34+ cell yield/kg of ≥4 × 106 with only one apheresis session were: circulating CD34+ cells/µL >40 (OR = 16; 6.94-36.93), hemoglobin ≥14 g/dL (OR = 3.40; 1.53-7.57), WBC > 40 × 109/L (OR = 4.61; 2.10-10.10) on the first collection day, and a positive delta weight between donor and recipient (OR = 3.10; 1.36-7.06). CONCLUSION: The formula for predicting CD34+ cell yield is accurate and suggests the optimal length of time for successful leukapheresis. Validation of the predictors of successful mobilization will help to further refine PBSC leukapheresis procedures.

20.
Blood ; 134(12): 951-959, 2019 09 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31292112

RESUMO

By combining the analysis of mutations with aberrant expression of genes previously related to poorer prognosis in both acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) and acute myeloid leukemia, we arrived at an integrative score in APL (ISAPL) and demonstrated its relationship with clinical outcomes of patients treated with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) in combination with anthracycline-based chemotherapy. Based on fms-like tyrosine kinase-3-internal tandem duplication mutational status; the ΔNp73/TAp73 expression ratio; and ID1, BAALC, ERG, and KMT2E gene expression levels, we modeled ISAPL in 159 patients (median ISAPL score, 3; range, 0-10). ISAPL modeling identified 2 distinct groups of patients, with significant differences in early mortality (P < .001), remission (P = .004), overall survival (P < .001), cumulative incidence of relapse (P = .028), disease-free survival (P = .03), and event-free survival (P < .001). These data were internally validated by using a bootstrap resampling procedure. At least for patients treated with ATRA and anthracycline-based chemotherapy, ISAPL modeling may identify those who need to be treated differently to maximize their chances for a cure.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Farmacológicos/análise , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Estudos de Coortes , Análise Mutacional de DNA/métodos , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular/métodos , Mutação , Prognóstico , Sequências de Repetição em Tandem/genética , Transcriptoma , Resultado do Tratamento , Tretinoína/administração & dosagem , Adulto Jovem , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/genética
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