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1.
Brain Behav ; : e02061, 2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33591648

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: PCNSL is a rare extranodal NHL with poor prognosis. Tumorigenesis has been associated with hyperactivation of BCR downstream and NFkB pathways. We studied the prognosis of the relative expression profile of target genes of NFkB pathway (MYC, BCL2), the essential transcriptional regulator in hematopoiesis LMO2, the checkpoint regulation pathway MGMT, the transcription factor POU2F1, the immune checkpoint gene PDCD1, and the proto-oncogene and transcriptional repressor gene BCL6 and its proteins in PCNSL. METHODS: This study is a retrospective cohort study; 35 immunocompetent PCNSL-DLBCL patients had their gene expression (RT-qPCR) normalized to internal control gene GUSB. RESULTS: Median patient age was 62 years, median OS was 42.6 months (95% CI: 26.6-58.6), PFS was 41 months (95% CI: 19.7-62.4), and DFS was 59.2 months (95% CI 31.9-86.6). A moderate correlation was found between the gene/protein expressions of MYC (kappa = 0.596, p = .022) and of BCL2 (kappa = 0.426, p = .042). Relative gene expression of MYC ≥ 0.201 (HR 6.117; p = .003) was associated with worse 5-year OS. Relative gene expression of MYC ≥ 0.201 (HR 3.96; p = .016) and MGMT ≥ 0.335 (HR 3.749; p = .056) was associated with worse PFS. Age > 60 years and IELSG score moderate/high were also associated with worse prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: Overexpression of MYC and overexpression of MGMT were prognostic markers associated with unfavorable clinical outcomes in PCNSL.

2.
Transfusion ; 2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33491194

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The efficacy of convalescent plasma (CP), an alternative for the treatment of COVID-19, depends on high titers of neutralizing antibodies (nAbs), but assays for quantifying nAbs are not widely available. Our goal was to develop a strategy to predict high titers of nAbs based on the results of anti-SARS-CoV-2 immunoassays and the clinical characteristics of CP donors. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 214 CP donors were enrolled and tested for the presence of anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies (IgG) using two commercial immunoassays: EUROIMMUN (ELISA) and Abbott (Chemiluminescence). Quantification of nAbs was performed using the Cytopathic Effect-based Virus Neutralization test. Three criteria for identifying donors with nAbs ≥ 1:160 were tested: - C1: Curve ROC; - C2: Conditional decision tree considering only the IA results and - C3: Conditional decision tree including both the IA results and the clinical variables. RESULTS: The performance of the immunoassays was similar referring to both S/CO and predictive value for identifying nAbs titers ≥1:160. Regarding the studied criteria for identifying CP donors with high nAbs titers: (a) C1 showed 76.1% accuracy if S/CO = 4.65, (b) C2 presented 76.1% accuracy if S/CO ≥4.57 and (c) C3 had 71.6% accuracy if S/CO was ≥4.57 or if S/CO was between 2.68-4.57 and the last COVID-19-related symptoms were recent (within 19 days). CONCLUSION: SARS-CoV-2 IgG immunoassays (S/CO) can be used to predict high anti-SARS-CoV-2 nAbs titers. This study has proposed different criteria for identifying donors with ≥1:160 nAbs titers, all with high efficacy.

3.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 1675, 2021 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33462268

RESUMO

Deregulated cellular energetics is formally incorporated as an emerging hallmark of cancer, however little is known about its processes in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). Using transcriptomic data of CD34+ cells from 159 MDS patients and 17 healthy donors, we selected 37 genes involved in cellular energetics and interrogated about its clinical and prognostic functions. Based on the low expression of ACLY, ANPEP, and PANK1, as well as high expression of PKM and SLC25A5, we constructed our Molecular-Based Score (MBS), that efficiently discriminated patients at three risks groups: favourable risk (n = 28; 3-year overall survival (OS): 100%); intermediate (n = 60; 76% [62-93%]) and adverse (n = 71; 35% [17-61%]). Adverse MBS risk was independently associated with inferior OS (HR = 10.1 [95% CI 1.26-81]; P = 0.029) in multivariable analysis using age, gender and the revised international prognostic score system as confounders. Transcriptional signature revealed that Favourable- and intermediate-risk patients presented enriched molecular programs related to mature myeloid progenitors, cell cycle progression, and oxidative phosphorylation, indicating that this cells differs in their origin, metabolic state, and cell cycle regulation, in comparison to the adverse-risk. Our study provides the first evidence that cellular energetics is transcriptionally deregulated in MDS CD34+ cells and establishes a new useful prognostic score based on the expression of five genes.

4.
Transfus Med ; 2021 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33480044

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The increasing incidence of syphilis worldwide has called attention to the risk of transmission by transfusion. AIMS: To determine the prevalence of active syphilis in blood donors and characterise the serological profile of syphilis-positive donors. METHODS: Samples positive for Treponema pallidum using the chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay (CMIA) during blood donor screening from 2017 to 2018 were tested by the Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) non-treponemal test and for anti-T. pallidum IgM by ELISA (Immunoassay Enzyme test for detection of IgM antibodies). The INNO-LIA Syphilis test (Line Immuno Assay solid test for confirmation antibodies to Treponema pallidum) was performed as a confirmatory test on samples that were positive on ELISA-IgM but negative on VDRL. ELISA-IgM (+) samples were also tested for T. pallidum DNA in sera by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). RESULTS: Of 248 542 samples screened, 1679 (0.67%) were positive for syphilis by CMIA. Further analysis was performed on 1144 (68.1%) of these samples. Of those tested, 16% were ELISA IgM(+)/VDRL(+), 16.5% were ELISA IgM(-)/VDRL(+), 4.1% were ELISA IgM(+)/VDRL(-), and 63.4% were ELISA IgM (-)/VDRL(-). The INNO-LIA Syphilis test results were 33 (3%) positive, 2 (0.2%) undetermined and 12 (1%) negative. Of the 230 EIA-IgM(+) samples (20.1%), 5 (2.2%) were PCR positive. The prevalence of active syphilis in 2017 and 2018 was 0.1% and 0.07%, respectively, and overall prevalence of serologic markers for syphilis was highest among male, unmarried, 25-34-year-olds with a high school education and who were first-time donors. CONCLUSION: There is a risk of transfusion-transmitted syphilis in blood banks that exclusively use the VDRL test for donor screening, as is currently the situation in some Brazilian blood centres, as well as in other blood centres around the world.

5.
Leuk Res ; 101: 106516, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33517185

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Treatment-free survival (TFS) in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a new goal. This prospective study aims to evaluate imatinib discontinuation's feasibility and safety in patients with deep molecular response MR4 (BCR-ABL1 < 0.01 % IS). METHODS: Study was approved by the ethical committee and registered at Clinicaltrials.gov (NCT03239886). Incluision criteria were: age ≥ 18y, chronic phase, first-line imatinib for 36 months, MR4 for 12 months, no previous transplant or resistance. Imatinib was resumed when two samples confirmed the loss of MMR. The primary endpoint was molecular recurrence-free survival (MRFS) at 24 months. Lymphocyte subpopulations were counted in peripheral blood before discontinuation. RESULTS: 31 patients were included from Dec/2016 until Oct/2017. Median age was 54years, 58 % male, 58 % low Sokal, 65 % b3a2 transcripts, and 61 % were in MR4.5. Imatinib therapy's median time was 9.7y (3-14.9 y), median time of MR4 was 6.9y (1.6-10.3y). MRFS at 24 months was 55 % (95 % CI 39-75). Thirteen patients relapsed, 46 % after six months of discontinuation, and all patients recovered MMR. Median time to recover MMR was one month. MR4.5 was the only factor associated with MRFS. NK cells proportion at baseline was lower in patients with only MR4 who relapsed after discontinuation. CONCLUSION: With a median duration of sustained MR4 above five years, as recommended by most TKI discontinuation guidelines, the TFS was similar to previous studies. Only MR4.5 was associated with lower risk of relapse. Further studies are needed to evaluate whether patients with only MR4 and low NK cell levels are suitable for discontinuation.

6.
Science ; 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33293339

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2 spread rapidly in the Brazilian Amazon and the attack rate there is an estimate of the final size of a largely unmitigated epidemic. We use a convenience sample of blood donors to show that by June, one month after the epidemic peak in Manaus, capital of Amazonas state, 44% of the population had detectable IgG antibodies. Correcting for cases without a detectable antibody response and antibody waning, we estimate a 66% attack rate in June, rising to 76% in October. This is higher than in São Paulo, in southeastern Brazil, where the estimated attack rate in October is 29%. These results confirm that, when poorly controlled, COVID-19 can infect a high fraction of the population causing high mortality.

7.
Blood Adv ; 4(24): 6327-6335, 2020 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33351128

RESUMO

Double-unit unrelated cord blood transplantation (DUCBT) is an option in patients for whom a single unit is not sufficient to provide an adequate number of cells. As current guidelines on UCB unit selection are mainly based on single-unit UCB data, we performed a retrospective analysis of 1375 adult recipients of DUCBT for hematologic malignancies to determine optimal criteria for graft selection. Cryopreserved total nucleated cells (TNCs; ≤3.5 vs >3.5 × 107/kg: hazard ratio [HR], 1.53; 30% vs 45%; P = .01), number of HLA mismatches (≥2 vs 0-1: HR, 1.28; 42% vs 48%; P = .01), and ABO compatibility (minor/major ABO incompatibility vs compatibility: HR, 1.28; P = .04) were independent risk factors for OS. Cryopreserved CD34+ cell dose ≥0.7 × 105/kg in the winning UCB was associated with improved OS (HR, 1.34; P = .03). Low TNC (≤3.5 × 107/kg) and CD34+ (≤1.4 × 105/kg) cell doses were related to decreased neutrophil recovery (HR, 0.65 [P = .01] and HR, 0.81 [P = .01], respectively). DUCBT recipients with ≥2 HLA mismatches had a higher incidence of grade II-IV and III-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (HR, 1.26 [P = .03] and 1.59 [P = .02], respectively). Low TNC dose (HR, 1.57; P = .02) and receiving UCB with ≥2 HLA mismatches (HR, 1.35; P = .03) were associated with increased transplant-related mortality. Our data support selecting adequately HLA-matched UCB units with a double-unit cryopreserved TNC dose >3.5 × 107/kg and CD34+ cell dose of ≥0.7 × 105/kg per unit in DUCBT candidates.

8.
Front Immunol ; 11: 584950, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33240273

RESUMO

A match of HLA loci between patients and donors is critical for successful hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. However, the extreme polymorphism of HLA loci - an outcome of millions of years of natural selection - reduces the chances that two individuals will carry identical combinations of multilocus HLA genotypes. Further, HLA variability is not homogeneously distributed throughout the world: African populations on average have greater variability than non-Africans, reducing the chances that two unrelated African individuals are HLA identical. Here, we explore how self-identification (often equated with "ethnicity" or "race") and genetic ancestry are related to the chances of finding HLA compatible donors in a large sample from Brazil, a highly admixed country. We query REDOME, Brazil's Bone Marrow Registry, and investigate how different criteria for identifying ancestry influence the chances of finding a match. We find that individuals who self-identify as "Black" and "Mixed" on average have lower chances of finding matches than those who self-identify as "White" (up to 57% reduction). We next show that an individual's African genetic ancestry, estimated using molecular markers and quantified as the proportion of an individual's genome that traces its ancestry to Africa, is strongly associated with reduced chances of finding a match (up to 60% reduction). Finally, we document that the strongest reduction in chances of finding a match is associated with having an MHC region of exclusively African ancestry (up to 75% reduction). We apply our findings to a specific condition, for which there is a clinical indication for transplantation: sickle-cell disease. We show that the increased African ancestry in patients with this disease leads to reduced chances of finding a match, when compared to the remainder of the sample, without the condition. Our results underscore the influence of ancestry on chances of finding compatible HLA matches, and indicate that efforts guided to increasing the African component of registries are necessary.

9.
Hajjar, Ludhmila Abrahão; Costa, Isabela Bispo Santos da Silva da; Lopes, Marcelo Antônio Cartaxo Queiroga; Hoff, Paulo Marcelo Gehm; Diz, Maria Del Pilar Estevez; Fonseca, Silvia Moulin Ribeiro; Bittar, Cristina Salvadori; Rehder, Marília Harumi Higuchi dos Santos; Rizk, Stephanie Itala; Almeida, Dirceu Rodrigues; Fernandes, Gustavo dos Santos; Beck-da-Silva, Luís; Campos, Carlos Augusto Homem de Magalhães; Montera, Marcelo Westerlund; Alves, Sílvia Marinho Martins; Fukushima, Júlia Tizue; Santos, Maria Verônica Câmara dos; Negrão, Carlos Eduardo; Silva, Thiago Liguori Feliciano da; Ferreira, Silvia Moreira Ayub; Malachias, Marcus Vinicius Bolivar; Moreira, Maria da Consolação Vieira; Valente Neto, Manuel Maria Ramos; Fonseca, Veronica Cristina Quiroga; Soeiro, Maria Carolina Feres de Almeida; Alves, Juliana Barbosa Sobral; Silva, Carolina Maria Pinto Domingues Carvalho; Sbano, João; Pavanello, Ricardo; Pinto, Ibraim Masciarelli F; Simão, Antônio Felipe; Dracoulakis, Marianna Deway Andrade; Hoff, Ana Oliveira; Assunção, Bruna Morhy Borges Leal; Novis, Yana; Testa, Laura; Alencar Filho, Aristóteles Comte de; Cruz, Cecília Beatriz Bittencourt Viana; Pereira, Juliana; Garcia, Diego Ribeiro; Nomura, Cesar Higa; Rochitte, Carlos Eduardo; Macedo, Ariane Vieira Scarlatelli; Marcatti, Patricia Tavares Felipe; Mathias Junior, Wilson; Wiermann, Evanius Garcia; Val, Renata do; Freitas, Helano; Coutinho, Anelisa; Mathias, Clarissa Maria de Cerqueira; Vieira, Fernando Meton de Alencar Camara; Sasse, André Deeke; Rocha, Vanderson; Ramires, José Antônio Franchini; Kalil Filho, Roberto.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(5): 1006-1043, nov. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, CONASS, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1142267
11.
Haematologica ; Online ahead of print: 0, 2020 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33121238

RESUMO

Cord-blood transplantation (CBT) can cure life-threatening blood disorders. The HLA-B leader affects the success of unrelated donor transplantation but its role in CBT is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that the HLA-B leader influences CBT outcomes in unrelated single-unit cord-blood transplants performed by Eurocord/European Blood and Marrow Transplant (EBMT) centers between 1990 and 2018 with data reported to Eurocord. Among 4822 transplants, 2178 had one HLA-B mismatch of which 1013 were HLA-A and HLA-DRB1-matched. The leader (M or T) was determined for each HLA-B allele in patients and units to define the genotype. Among single HLA-B-mismatched transplants, the patient/unit mismatched alleles were defined as leader-matched if they encoded the same leader, or leader-mismatched if they encoded different leaders; the leader encoded by the matched (shared) allele was determined. The risks of GVHD, relapse, non-relapse mortality and overall mortality were estimated for various leaderdefined groups using multivariable regression models. Among the 1013 HLA-A, -DRB1- matched transplants with one HLA-B mismatch, increasing numbers of cord-blood unit M-leader alleles was associated with increased risk of relapse (hazard ratio [HR] for each increase in one M-leader allele 1.30, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.05 to 1.60, P 0.02). Furthermore, leader mismatching together with an M-leader of the shared HLA-B allele lowered non-relapse mortality (HR 0.44, 95% CI 0.23 to 0.81; P 0.009) relative to leader-matching and a shared T-leader allele. The HLA-B leader may inform relapse and non-relapse mortality risk after CBT. Future patients might benefit from the appropriate selection of units that consider the leader.

12.
Front Immunol ; 11: 2041, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33013863

RESUMO

Sickle cell disease (SCD), the most common monogenic disease worldwide, is marked by a phenotypic variability that is, to date, only partially understood. Because inflammation plays a major role in SCD pathophysiology, we hypothesized that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in genes encoding functionally important inflammatory proteins might modulate the occurrence of SCD complications. We assessed the association between 20 SNPs in genes encoding Toll-like receptors (TLR), NK cell receptors (NKG), histocompatibility leukocyte antigens (HLA), major histocompatibility complex class I polypeptide-related sequence A (MICA) and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4), and the occurrence of six SCD clinical complications (stroke, acute chest syndrome (ACS), leg ulcers, cholelithiasis, osteonecrosis, or retinopathy). This study was performed in a cohort of 500 patients. We found that the TLR2 rs4696480 TA, TLR2 rs3804099 CC, and HLA-G, rs9380142 AA genotypes were more frequent in patients who had fewer complications. Also, in logistic regression, the HLA-G rs9380142 G allele increased the risk of cholelithiasis (AG vs. AA, OR 1.57, 95%CI 1.16-2.15; GG vs. AA, OR 2.47, 95%CI 1.34-4.64; P = 0.02). For SNPs located in the NKG2D loci, in logistic regression, the A allele in three SNPs was associated with a lower frequency of retinopathy, namely, rs2246809 (AA vs. GG: OR 0.22, 95%CI 0.09-0.50; AG vs. GG: OR 0.47, 95%CI 0.31-0.71; P = 0.004, for patients of same origin), rs2617160 (AT vs. TT: OR 0.67, 95%CI 0.48-0.92; AA vs. TT: OR 0.45, 95%CI 0.23-0.84; P = 0.04), and rs2617169 (AA vs. TT: OR 0.33, 95%CI 0.13-0.82; AT vs. TT: OR 0.58, 95%CI 0.36-0.91, P = 0.049, in patients of same SCD genotype). These results, by uncovering susceptibility to, or protection against SCD complications, might contribute to a better understanding of the inflammatory pathways involved in SCD manifestations and to pave the way for the discovery of biomarkers that predict disease severity, which would improve SCD management.

13.
Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-11, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32996373

RESUMO

Outcomes in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are dependent on patient- and disease-characteristics, treatment, and socioeconomic factors. AML outcomes between resource-constrained and developed countries have not been compared directly. We analyzed two cohorts: from São Paulo state, Brazil (USP, n = 312) and Oxford, United Kingdom (OUH, n = 158). USP cohort had inferior 5-year overall survival compared with OUH (29% vs. 49%, adjusted-p=.027). USP patients have higher early-mortality (23% vs. 6% p<.001) primarily due to multi-resistant Gram-negative bacterial and fungal infections. USP had higher 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse (60% vs. 50%, p=.0022), were less likely to undergo hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) (28% vs. 75%, p<.001) and waited longer for HSCT (median, 23.8 vs. 7.2 months, p<.001). Three-year survival in relapsed patients was worse in USP than OUH (10% vs. 39%, p<.001). Our study indicates that efforts to improve AML outcomes in Brazil should focus on infection prevention and control, and access to HSCT.

14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(39): e22299, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991435

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a condition characterized by a hyperinflammatory state and persistent macrophage activation, resulting in reactive phagocytosis of the hematopoietic elements. In children, it is usually a hereditary disorder, while in adults it is usually acquired secondary to viral infections, collagenoses, or tumors. Although accounting for 10% of hematologic malignancies, HLH is rarely associated with multiple myeloma (MM) and other plasmacytic dyscrasias. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 64-year-old Brazilian man seeked medical care with a 3-month history of intermittent fever, weight loss, night sweats, and progressive anemic symptoms. DIAGNOSIS: Total blood count showed severe bicytopenia (normocytic-normochromic anemia and thrombocytopenia), biochemical exams showed elevation of creatinine, as well as monoclonal peak in serum protein electrophoresis, high IgA dosage, and serum immunofixation with IgA kappa paraprotein. Bone marrow biopsy showed 30% of monoclonal and phenotypically anomalous plasmocytes, confirming the diagnosis of MM. Diagnosis of HLH was established by the presence of clinical and laboratory criteria: fever, splenomegaly, cytopenias, hypofibrinogenemia, hyperferritinemia, elevation of triglycerides, and several figures of erythrophagocytosis in bone marrow aspirate. INTERVENTIONS: The patient experienced pulse therapy with methylprednisolone for hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, followed by initial therapy for multiple myeloma with cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone. OUTCOMES: Once the diagnosis of MM and secondary hemophagocytic syndrome was established, the patient had a rapid clinical deterioration despite the established therapeutic measures, evolving with cardiovascular failure, acute liver failure, acute disseminated intravascular coagulation, worsening renal dysfunction requiring dialysis support, respiratory dysfunction, and lowering of consciousness, characterizing rapid multiple organ dysfunction, ultimately leading to the death of the patient. INNOVATION: Here, we aimed to describe the sixth reported case of HLH associated with MM, according to cases cataloged in the PubMed database, and the first case evaluated by 18-fluordeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18-FDG-PETCT). CONCLUSION: Our case report seeks to provide support for a better clinical and laboratory characterization of this rare paraneoplastic entity associated with MM, and aims to call the attention of hematologists and intensivists to this condition that falls within the scope of the differential diagnosis of rapid onset multiple organ failure in patients with plasmacytic neoplasms.


Assuntos
Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/tratamento farmacológico , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/etiologia , Mieloma Múltiplo/complicações , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Anemia/sangue , Anemia/etiologia , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/uso terapêutico , Medula Óssea/patologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Dexametasona/administração & dosagem , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Evolução Fatal , Febre/diagnóstico , Febre/etiologia , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/sangue , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/diagnóstico , Masculino , Metilprednisolona/administração & dosagem , Metilprednisolona/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/metabolismo , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/complicações , Paraproteinemias/sangue , Plasmócitos/patologia , Esplenomegalia/diagnóstico , Esplenomegalia/etiologia , Trombocitopenia/sangue , Trombocitopenia/etiologia , Perda de Peso
16.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 26(12): 2311-2317, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32949751

RESUMO

Severe aplastic anemia (SAA) is a life-threatening disease that can be cured with allogeneic cell transplantation (HCT). Haploidentical donor transplantation with post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (haplo-PTCy) is an option for patients lacking an HLA-matched donor. We analyzed 87 patients who underwent haplo-PTCy between 2010 and 2019. The median patient age was 14 years (range, 1 to 69 years), most were heavily transfused, and all received previous immunosuppression (25% without antithymocyte globulin). Almost two-thirds (63%) received standard fludarabine (Flu)/cyclophosphamide (Cy) 29/total body irradiation (TBI) 200 cGy conditioning, and the remaining patients received an augmented conditioning: Flu/Cy29/TBI 300-400 (16%), Flu/Cy50/TBI 200 (10%), or Flu/Cy50/TBI 400 (10%). All patients received PTCy-based graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis. Most grafts (93%) were bone marrow (BM). The median duration of follow-up was 2 years and 2 months. The median time to neutrophil recovery was 17 days. Primary graft failure occurred in 15% of the patients, and secondary or poor graft function occurred in 5%. The incidences of grade II-IV acute GVHD was 14%, and that of chronic GVHD was 9%. Two-year overall survival and event-free survival (EFS) were 79% and 70%, respectively. EFS was higher for patients who received augmented Flu/Cy/TBI (hazard ratio [HR], .28; P = .02), and those who received higher BM CD34 cell doses (>3.2 × 10E6/kg) (HR, .29; P = .004). The presence of donor-specific antibodies before HSCT was associated with lower EFS (HR, 3.92; P = .01). Graft failure (HR, 7.20; P < .0001) was associated with an elevated risk of death. Cytomegalovirus reactivation was frequent (62%). Haploidentical HCT for SAA is a feasible procedure; outcomes are improved with augmented conditioning regimens and BM grafts with higher CD34 cell doses.

18.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 717, 2020 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32746790

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Splenic marginal zone lymphoma (SMZL) is a rare lymphoid B-cell malignant neoplasm with primary involvement of the spleen. It is a chronic disease, of indolent behavior and prolonged survival. However, 25% of cases have higher biological aggressiveness, propensity for histological transformation to high grade B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma and shortened survival. Recognition of these cases of reserved outcome is important for selecting a risk-adapted therapeutic approach in a resource-poor settings. METHODS: We described clinical and epidemiological characteristics, survival analysis and prognostic factors in a retrospective cohort of 39 SMZL patients, treated in Latin America. RESULTS: We observed a predominance of female (71.8%), median age of 63 years and higher incidence of B symptoms (56.4%) and extra-splenic involvement (87.1%) than in European and North-American series. With a median follow-up of 8.7 years (0.6-20.2 years), estimated 5-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were 76.9% and 63.7%, respectively. Factors with adverse prognostic impact on OS and PFS were Hb < 100 g/L, platelet count < 100 x 109/L, albumin < 3.5 g/dL, LDH > 480 U/L and high-risk Arcaini and SMZL/WG scores. Despite a relative low number of patients, no superiority was observed among the therapeutic regimens used including rituximab monotherapy, splenectomy and cytotoxic chemotherapy. CONCLUSION: Therefore, in resource-poor settings, where access to immunotherapy is not universal for all SMZL patients, we suggest that first-line should consist on rituximab therapy for elderly patients or with high surgical risk or with at least 1 risk factor identified in our study. Remainders can be safely managed with splenectomy.

19.
Transfus Apher Sci ; : 102882, 2020 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32741734

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Digital droplet PCR (ddPCR) is a very sensitive high throughput genotyping methodology. To date, the use of ddPCR in immunohematology is restricted to fetal genotyping of red blood cell antigens. Our hypothesis is that this technology could be applied to screen for rare red blood cell genotypes, such as Di(b-). METHODS: Nucleic acid of 3168 donors was extracted for viral screening routine in pools of 6, which were converted into three types of 48-donor pools: control pools (only DI*B/*B samples), pools with varying amount of DI*A/*B samples (n = 1-5) and a pool with one rare DI*A/*A sample. Pools were genotyped using ddPCR to detect and quantify DI*A and DI*B alleles. RESULTS: DI*A allele was accurately detected in all pools containing Di(a + b+) samples and in the pool containing one Di(a + b-) sample. No copies were detected in the control pools (n = 60). The ratio between the number of DI*A and DI*B copies varied significantly between the pools and the triplicates. CONCLUSION: The proposed ddPCR assay was accurate in identifying the rare DI*A allele in large pools of donors and can be applied to screen for Di(b-) phenotype. The strategy can potentially be extended to search for other rare RBC phenotypes.

20.
J Infect Dis ; 2020 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32860509

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known about characteristics of seasonal human coronavirus (HCoV) (NL63, 229E, OC43 and HKU1) after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-HCT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: this is a collaborative Spanish and European bone marrow transplantation groups retrospective multicentre study, which included allo-HCT recipients (adults and children) with upper and/or lower respiratory tract disease (U/LRTD) caused by seasonal HCoV diagnosed through multiplex PCR assays from January 2012 to January 2019. RESULTS: We included 402 allo-HCT recipients who developed 449 HCoV U/LRTD episodes. Median age of recipients was 46 years (range 0.3-73.8 years). HCoV episodes were diagnosed at a median of 222 days after transplantation. The most common HCoV subtype was OC43 (n=170, 38%). LRTD involvement occurred in 121 episodes (27%). HCoV infection frequently required hospitalization (18%), oxygen administration (13%) and intensive care unit (ICU) admission (3%). Three-month overall mortality after HCoV detection was 7% in the whole cohort and 16% in those with LRTD. We identified 3 conditions associated with higher mortality in recipients with LRTD: absolute lymphocyte count <0.1 x10 9/mL [hazard ratio (HR), 10.8], corticosteroid (HR 4.68) and ICU admission (HR 8.22) (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Seasonal HCoV after allo-HCT may involve the LRTD in many instances, leading to a significant morbidity.

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