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2.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 115(5): 1006-1043, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33295473
3.
Blood Purif ; : 1-3, 2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33302281

RESUMO

Mineral and bone metabolism disorders are relatively common among patients with end-stage renal disease on maintenance hemodialysis. Corneal and conjunctival calcification is the main extravascular site for calcification. Recently, this form of calcification has been linked to vascular calcification. Secondary hyperparathyroidism can lead to high levels of calcium and phosphorus and increase the risk of calcification. Here, we report a case of a 38-year-old female with severe hyperparathyroidism who underwent eye examination before and after parathyroidectomy. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography showed an improvement in the number and size of ocular calcifications 6 months after surgery. This case calls attention to the importance of eye examination in patients on dialysis and brings the possibility of recovery of calcification in a short-term follow-up.

4.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 33(6): 705-712, Nov.-Dec. 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143109

RESUMO

Abstract The well-known occurrence of Chagas disease in endemic areas has become a worldwide problem, and cardiac magnetic resonance allows the early detection of cardiac involvement and complications of this disease. Cardiac magnetic resonance is a useful tool in all phases of Chagas disease, and new promising techniques using T1 mapping and extracellular volume measurements are able to detect cardiac involvement even earlier than conventional techniques.

6.
Hajjar, Ludhmila Abrahão; Costa, Isabela Bispo Santos da Silva da; Lopes, Marcelo Antônio Cartaxo Queiroga; Hoff, Paulo Marcelo Gehm; Diz, Maria Del Pilar Estevez; Fonseca, Silvia Moulin Ribeiro; Bittar, Cristina Salvadori; Rehder, Marília Harumi Higuchi dos Santos; Rizk, Stephanie Itala; Almeida, Dirceu Rodrigues; Fernandes, Gustavo dos Santos; Beck-da-Silva, Luís; Campos, Carlos Augusto Homem de Magalhães; Montera, Marcelo Westerlund; Alves, Sílvia Marinho Martins; Fukushima, Júlia Tizue; Santos, Maria Verônica Câmara dos; Negrão, Carlos Eduardo; Silva, Thiago Liguori Feliciano da; Ferreira, Silvia Moreira Ayub; Malachias, Marcus Vinicius Bolivar; Moreira, Maria da Consolação Vieira; Valente Neto, Manuel Maria Ramos; Fonseca, Veronica Cristina Quiroga; Soeiro, Maria Carolina Feres de Almeida; Alves, Juliana Barbosa Sobral; Silva, Carolina Maria Pinto Domingues Carvalho; Sbano, João; Pavanello, Ricardo; Pinto, Ibraim Masciarelli F; Simão, Antônio Felipe; Dracoulakis, Marianna Deway Andrade; Hoff, Ana Oliveira; Assunção, Bruna Morhy Borges Leal; Novis, Yana; Testa, Laura; Alencar Filho, Aristóteles Comte de; Cruz, Cecília Beatriz Bittencourt Viana; Pereira, Juliana; Garcia, Diego Ribeiro; Nomura, Cesar Higa; Rochitte, Carlos Eduardo; Macedo, Ariane Vieira Scarlatelli; Marcatti, Patricia Tavares Felipe; Mathias Junior, Wilson; Wiermann, Evanius Garcia; Val, Renata do; Freitas, Helano; Coutinho, Anelisa; Mathias, Clarissa Maria de Cerqueira; Vieira, Fernando Meton de Alencar Camara; Sasse, André Deeke; Rocha, Vanderson; Ramires, José Antônio Franchini; Kalil Filho, Roberto.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(5): 1006-1043, nov. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, CONASS, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1142267
8.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(4): 720-775, out. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1131346
9.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 115(1): 111-126, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32813825

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is a huge challenge to the health system because of the exponential increase in the number of individuals affected. The rational use of resources and correct and judicious indication for imaging exams and interventional procedures are necessary, prioritizing patient, healthcare personnel, and environmental safety. This review was aimed at guiding health professionals in safely and effectively performing imaging exams and interventional procedures.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Doenças Cardiovasculares/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardiovasculares/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Ecocardiografia , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia
10.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(1): 111-126, jul. 2020. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1131250

RESUMO

Resumo A pandemia da doença causada pelo novo coronavírus (COVID-19) trouxe grandes desafios para o sistema de saúde devido ao aumento exponencial do número de pacientes acometidos. A racionalização de recursos e a indicação correta e criteriosa de exames de imagem e procedimentos intervencionistas tornaram-se necessárias, priorizando a segurança do paciente, do ambiente e dos profissionais da saúde. Esta revisão visa auxiliar e orientar os profissionais envolvidos na realização desses exames e procedimentos a fazê-los de forma eficaz e segura.


Abstract The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is a huge challenge to the health system because of the exponential increase in the number of individuals affected. The rational use of resources and correct and judicious indication for imaging exams and interventional procedures are necessary, prioritizing patient, healthcare personnel, and environmental safety. This review was aimed at guiding health professionals in safely and effectively performing imaging exams and interventional procedures.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32552523

RESUMO

Endovascular Therapeutic hypothermia (ETH) reduces the damage caused by postischemia reperfusion injury syndrome in cardiopulmonary arrest and has already established its role in patients with sudden death; however, its role in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) remains controversial. The objectives of this study were to investigate the safety, feasibility, and 30-day efficacy of rapid induction of therapeutic hypothermia as adjunctive therapy to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with anterior and inferior STEMIs. This was a prospective, controlled, randomized, two-arm, prospective, interventional study of patients admitted to the emergency department within 6 hours of angina onset, with anterior or inferior STEMI eligible for PCI. Subjects were randomized to the hypothermia group (primary PCI+ETH) or to the control group (primary PCI) at a 4:1 ratio. The ETH was induced by 1 L cold saline (1-4°C) associated with the Proteus™ System, by cooling for at least 18 minutes before coronary reperfusion with a target temperature of 32°C ± 1°C. Maintenance of ETH was conducted for 1-3 hours, and active reheating was done at a rate of 1°C/h for 4 hours. Primary safety outcomes were the feasibility of ETH in the absence of (1) door-to-balloon (DTB) delay; (2) major adverse cardiac events (MACE) within 30 days after randomization. The primary outcomes of effectiveness were infarct size (IS) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) at 30 days. An as-treated statistical analysis was performed. Fifty patients were included: 35 (70%) randomized to the hypothermia group and 15 (30%) to the control group. The mean age was 58 ± 12 years; 78% were men; and associated diseases were 60% hypertension, 42% diabetes, and 72% dyslipidemia. The compromised myocardial wall was anterior in 38% and inferior in 62%, and the culprit vessels were left anterior descending artery (LAD) (40%), right coronary artery (38%), and left circumflex (18%). All 35 patients who attempted ETH (100%) had successful cooling, with a mean endovascular coronary reperfusion temperature of 33.1°C ± 0.9°C. The mean ischemic time was 375 ± 89.4 minutes in the hypothermia group and 359.5 ± 99.4 minutes in the control group. The mean DTB was 92.1 ± 20.5 minutes in the hypothermia group and 87 ± 24.4 minutes in the control group. The absolute difference of 5.1 minutes was not statistically significant (p = 0.509). The MACE rates were similar between both groups (21.7% vs. 20% respectively, p = 0.237). In the comparison between the hypothermia and control groups, no statistically significant differences were observed at 30 days between mean IS (13.9% ± 8% vs. 13.8% ± 10.8%, respectively, p = 0.801) and mean final LVEF (43.3% ± 11.2% vs. 48.3 ± 10.9%, respectively; p = 0.194). Hypothermia as an adjunctive therapy to primary PCI in STEMI is feasible and can be implemented without delay in coronary reperfusion. Hypothermia was safe regarding the incidence of MACE at 30 days. However, there was a higher incidence of arrhythmia and in-hospital infection in the hypothermia group, with no increase in mortality. Regarding efficacy, there was no difference in IS or LVEF at 30 days that would suggest additional myocardial protection with ETH. ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02664194.

12.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 114(5): 805-816, 2020 05 11.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32401847

RESUMO

In face of the pandemic of the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the management of patients with cardiovascular risk factors and/or disease is challenging. The cardiovascular complications evidenced in patients with COVID-19 derive from several mechanisms, ranging from direct viral injury to complications secondary to the inflammatory and thrombotic responses to the infection. The proper care of patients with COVID-19 requires special attention to the cardiovascular system aimed at better outcomes.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Doenças Cardiovasculares/virologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Pessoal de Saúde , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/normas , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/terapia , Fenômenos Fisiológicos Cardiovasculares , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Pessoal de Saúde/normas , Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Pandemias , Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Fatores de Risco , Disfunção Ventricular/etiologia
14.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(5): 805-816, maio 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1131225

RESUMO

Resumo Frente à pandemia da doença causada pelo novo coronavírus (COVID-19), o manejo do paciente com fator de risco e/ou doença cardiovascular é desafiador nos dias de hoje. As complicações cardiovasculares evidenciadas nos pacientes com COVID-19 resultam de vários mecanismos, que vão desde lesão direta pelo vírus até complicações secundárias à resposta inflamatória e trombótica desencadeada pela infecção. O cuidado adequado do paciente com COVID-19 exige atenção ao sistema cardiovascular em busca de melhores desfechos.


Abstract In face of the pandemic of the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the management of patients with cardiovascular risk factors and/or disease is challenging. The cardiovascular complications evidenced in patients with COVID-19 derive from several mechanisms, ranging from direct viral injury to complications secondary to the inflammatory and thrombotic responses to the infection. The proper care of patients with COVID-19 requires special attention to the cardiovascular system aimed at better outcomes.

15.
Preprint em Inglês | SciELO Preprints | ID: pps-435

RESUMO

In face of the pandemic of the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the management of patients with cardiovascular risk factors and/or disease is challenging. The cardiovascular complications evidenced in patients with COVID-19 derive from several mechanisms, ranging from direct viral injury to complications secondary to the inflammatory and thrombotic responses to the infection. The proper care of patients with COVID-19 requires special attention to the cardiovascular system aimed at better outcomes.

16.
Preprint em Português | SciELO Preprints | ID: pps-434

RESUMO

Frente à pandemia da doença causada pelo novo coronavírus (COVID-19), o manejo do paciente com fator de risco e/ou doença cardiovascular é desafiador nos dias de hoje. As complicações cardiovasculares evidenciadas nos pacientes com COVID-19 resultam de vários mecanismos, que vão desde lesão direta pelo vírus até complicações secundárias à resposta inflamatória e trombótica desencadeada pela infecção. O cuidado adequado do paciente com COVID-19 exige atenção ao sistema cardiovascular em busca de melhores desfechos.

19.
Trials ; 21(1): 337, 2020 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32299458

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ischemic cardiomyopathy and severe left ventricular dysfunction are well established to represent the main determinants of poor survival and premature death compared with preserved ventricular function. However, the role of myocardial revascularization as a therapeutic alternative is not known to improve the long-term prognosis in this group of patients. This study will investigate whether myocardial revascularization contributes to a better prognosis for patients compared with those treated with drugs alone and followed over the long term. METHODS: The study will include 600 patients with coronary artery disease associated with ischemic cardiomyopathy. The surgical or drug therapy option will be randomized, and the events considered for analysis will be all-cause mortality, nonfatal infarction, unstable angina requiring additional revascularization, and stroke. The events will be analyzed according to the intent-to-treat principle. Patients with multivessel coronary disease and left ventricular ejection fraction measurements of less than 35% will be included. In addition, myocardial ischemia will be documented by myocardial scintigraphy. Markers of myocardial necrosis will be checked at admission and after the procedure. DISCUSSION: The role of myocardial revascularization (CABG) in the treatment of patients with coronary artery disease and heart failure is not clearly established. The surgical option of revascularizing the myocardium is a procedure designed to reduce the load of myocardial hibernation in patients with heart failure caused by coronary artery disease. On the other hand, the assessment of myocardial viability is frequently used to identify patients with left ventricular ischemic dysfunction in which CABG may add survival benefit. However, the effectiveness of this option is uncertain. The great difficulty in establishing the efficacy of surgical intervention is based on the understanding of viability without ischemia. Thus, this study will include only patients with viable and truly ischemic myocardium to correct this anomaly. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Evaluation of a randomized comparison between patients with coronary artery disease associated with ischemic cardiomyopathy submitted to medical or surgical treatment: MASS-VI (HF), ISRCTN77449548, Oct 10th, 2019 (retrospectively registered).

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