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1.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31573477

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the remission concept in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and the implications of the existing definitions when applied to clinical practice among rheumatologists with different profiles. METHODS: A qualitative study through focus groups was conducted. Three focus groups were organised from February to March 2016. Each group was composed of rheumatologists with extensive clinical experience with different profiles; experts in basic research (RBR), experts in imaging techniques research (RIR), and experts in clinical research (RCR). The data was collected with audio recording. Verbatim transcriptions of the audio files were made, and a subsequent reflexive thematic analysis assisted by ATLAS.ti (GmbH, Berlin, v. 7) software was performed. RESULTS: From the reflexive thematic analysis, three main themes were generated: (1) remission limitations, (2) instruments or measures to assess remission, and (3) a new definition of remission. Rheumatologists mentioned frequently that the following variables should be considered when developing a new remission definition: inflammatory activity, calprotectin, psychological variables, sex, disease stage, and sociocultural factors. Contrary to what could be expected, all groups acknowledged that their research field could contribute with domains for a gold standard remission instrument, but not in a hierarchical arrangement of importance. The dissonance existing in the entire remission evaluation process was outlined: remission in clinical practice versus remission in clinical trials, remission following the American College of Rheumatology (ACR)/European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Boolean versus Musculoskeletal Ultrasound (US) remission, and remission from the rheumatologist's point of view versus the patient's point of view. CONCLUSIONS: Currently, rheumatologists would not accept a domain as more important than others in remission. Our suggestion is, not to generate a universal definition of remission - one that could cover all aspects - but rather to develop definitions of remission for the different settings that could be pondered by the patient's perspective.

2.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 15(4): 229-236, jul.-ago. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: ibc-ET1-3394

RESUMO

Objetivo: Describir los objetivos, la metodología y los resultados del primer año de la nueva versión del registro español de acontecimientos adversos de terapias biológicas y fármacos sintéticos con diana identificable en enfermedades reumáticas (BIOBADASER III). Metodología: Registro prospectivo multicéntrico de pacientes con enfermedades inflamatorias reumáticas en tratamiento con terapia biológica o fármacos sintéticos con diana identificable y atendidos en servicios de Reumatología en España. El objetivo principal de BIOBADASER Fase III es la recogida y análisis de acontecimientos adversos al que se ha añadido como objetivo secundario la evaluación de la efectividad mediante la recogida de índices de actividad. Los pacientes que entran en el registro son evaluados al menos una vez cada año y cada vez que presenten un acontecimiento adverso o se produzcan modificaciones en el tratamiento. La recogida de datos de la fase iii se inició el 17 de diciembre del 2015. Resultados: Durante el primer año han participado 35 centros. El número de pacientes incluidos en esta nueva fase en diciembre del 2016 era de 2.664. La edad media era de 53,7 años, con una mediana de duración de la enfermedad hasta el inicio de tratamiento de 8,1 años. Un 40,4% de los pacientes estaban diagnosticados de artritis reumatoide. Los acontecimientos adversos más frecuentes eran las infecciones e infestaciones. Conclusiones: La fase iii de BIOBADASER se ha puesto en marcha para responder a un entorno farmacológico cambiante con la aparición de los biosimilares y las pequeñas moléculas en el tratamiento de la patología reumática. Esta nueva etapa se adapta a los cambios normativos en la comunicación de acontecimientos adversos y amplía la información recogida incluyendo los índices de actividad


Objective: Describe the objectives, methods and results of the first year of the new version of the Spanish registry of adverse events involving biological therapies and synthetic drugs with an identifiable target in rheumatic diseases (BIOBADASER III). Methodology: Multicenter prospective registry of patients with rheumatic inflammatory diseases being treated with biological drugs or synthetic drugs with an identifiable target in rheumatology departments in Spain. The main objective of BIOBADASER Phase III is the registry and analysis of adverse events; moreover, a secondary objective was added consisting of assessing the effectiveness by means of the registry of activity indexes. Patients in the registry are evaluated at least once every year and whenever they experience an adverse event or a change in treatment. The collection of data for phase iii began on 17 December 2015. Results: During the first year, 35 centers participated. The number of patients included in this new phase in December 2016 was 2,664. The mean age was 53.7 years and the median duration of treatment was 8.1 years. In all, 40.4% of the patients were diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis. The most frequent adverse events were infections and infestations. Conclusions: BIOBADASER Phase III has been launched to adapt to a changing pharmacological environment, with the introduction of biosimilars and small molecules in the treatment of rheumatic diseases. This new stage is adapted to the changes in the reporting of adverse events and now includes information related to activity scores

3.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 15(2): 102-108, mar.-abr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: ibc-ET1-3371

RESUMO

Objectives: To describe the prevalence of comorbidities in patients with RA in Spain and discuss their management and implications using data from the Spanish cohort of the multinational study on COMOrbidities in Rheumatoid Arthritis (COMORA). Methods: This is a national sub-analysis of the COMORA study. We studied the demographics and disease characteristics of 200 adults patients diagnosed with RA (1987 ACR), and routine practices for screening and preventing the following selected comorbidities: cardiovascular, infections, cancer, gastrointestinal, pulmonary, osteoporosis and depression. Results: Patients had a mean age of 58 years and a mean RA duration of 10 years. Mean DAS28 score was 3.3 and approximately 25% of patients were in remission (DAS28 <2.6). Forty-four (22%) patients had ≥1 comorbidity, the most frequent being depression (27%) and obesity (26%). A history of myocardial infarction or stroke was observed in 5% and 1% of patients, respectively, and any solid tumor in 6%. Having a Framingham Risk Score >20% (51%), hypercholesterolemia (46%) or hypertension (41%) and smoking (25%) were the most common CV risk factors. For prostate, colon and skin cancers, only 9%, 10% and 18% of patients, respectively, were optimally monitored. Infections were also inadequately managed, with 7% and 17% of patients vaccinated against influenza and pneumococcal, respectively, as was osteoporosis, with 47% of patients supplemented with vitamin D and 56% with a bone densitometry performed. Conclusions: In Spain, the prevalence of comorbidities and CV risk factors in RA patients with established and advanced disease is relatively high, and their management in clinical daily practice remains suboptimal


Objetivos: Describir la prevalencia de comorbilidades en pacientes con AR en España y discutir sobre su manejo en la clínica diaria utilizando los datos de la cohorte española del estudio internacional COMORA. Métodos: Subanálisis nacional del estudio COMORA en el que se analizaron las características demográficas y clínicas de 200 pacientes con AR (1987 ACR) y las prácticas rutinarias para el cribado y la prevención de eventos cardiovasculares (CV), gastrointestinales y pulmonares, infecciones, cáncer, osteoporosis y depresión. Resultados: Los pacientes tenían una edad media de 58 años, una duración media de la enfermedad de 10 años, un DAS28 de 3,3 y el 25% estaba en remisión (DAS28 <2,6). El 22% de los pacientes presentaba al menos una comorbilidad, principalmente depresión (27%) y obesidad (26%). El 5% tenía historia de infarto de miocardio, el 1% de ictus y el 6% de tumor sólido. Una puntuación de Framingham >20% (51%), tener hipercolesterolemia (46%), hipertensión (41%) y fumar (25%) fueron los factores de riesgo CV más comunes. En relación con el cáncer de próstata, colon y piel, solo el 9, 10 y el 18% de los pacientes, respectivamente, estaban óptimamente controlados. Las infecciones tampoco se manejaban de forma óptima, con solo el 7 y el 17% de los pacientes vacunados contra la influenza y neumococo, respectivamente, al igual que la osteoporosis, con el 47% suplementados con la vitamina D y el 56% con una densitometría realizada. Conclusiones: En España, la prevalencia de comorbilidades y factores de riesgo CV en pacientes con AR establecida y avanzada es relativamente alta, y su manejo en la clínica diaria continúa siendo subóptimo

4.
Reumatol Clin ; 2018 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30482509

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most frequent chronic polyarthritis. The current goal of RA treatment is to achieve clinical remission. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of remission in a cohort of patients from clinical practice, and to identify potentially modifiable factors associated with remission. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on a cohort of RA patients seen at the first consultation at the HUGC Rheumatology Service Dr. Negrín (HUGCDN) between first of January 2000 and thirtieth of April 2014. Sustained remission was defined as DAS28 less than 2.6 in the last two available visits in the medical history. RESULTS: A total of 463 patients were consecutively included, most (75%) women, with a mean age at the onset of RA of 50 years and a mean duration of the disease at follow-up of 8 years. 46% of the patients achieved sustained remission. Multiple logistic regression analyses found male sex (P=.031, OR 1.7, 95% CI 1.05-2.82), diagnosis in the first year of symptoms (P=.023, OR 1.7, 95% CI 1.07-2.69) and the initial DAS28 (P=.035) to be independent predictors for sustained remission. CONCLUSIONS: The 46% of the patients with RA followed in the HUGC Dr. Negrín are in persistent remission, being the early diagnosis a modifiable factor predictor of remission. Thus, an objective of the Rheumatology Service should be to improve the diagnostic delay of RA in the health area.

5.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 20(1): 227, 2018 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30305158

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Biologic therapy has changed the prognosis of patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). The aim of this study was to examine the pattern of use, drug survival, and adverse events of biologics in patients with JIA during the period from diagnosis to adulthood. METHODS: All patients included in BIOBADASER (Spanish Registry for Adverse Events of Biological Therapy in Rheumatic Diseases), a multicenter prospective registry, diagnosed with JIA between 2000 and 2015 were analyzed. Proportions, means, and SDs were used to describe the population. Incidence rates and 95% CIs were calculated to assess adverse events. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to compare the drug survival rates. RESULTS: A total of 469 patients (46.1% women) were included. Their mean age at diagnosis was 9.4 ± 5.3 years. Their mean age at biologic treatment initiation was 23.9 ± 13.9 years. The pattern of use of biologics during their pediatric years showed a linear increase from 24% in 2000 to 65% in 2014. Biologic withdrawal for disease remission was higher in patients who initiated use biologics prior to 16 years of age than in those who were older (25.7% vs 7.9%, p < 0.0001). Serious adverse events had a total incidence rate of 41.4 (35.2-48.7) of 1000 patient-years. Patients younger than 16 years old showed significantly increased infections (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Survival and suspension by remission of biologics were higher when these compounds were initiated in patients with JIA who had not yet reached 16 years of age. The incidence rate of serious adverse events in pediatric vs adult patients with JIA treated with biologics was similar; however, a significant increase of infection was observed in patients under 16 years old.

6.
Reumatol Clin ; 2018 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30054254

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To generate a quality standard for the management of patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: We employed qualitative methodology that included: 1) Two focus groups (one with patients with PsA and another with non-rheumatologist specialists involved in the care of PsA patients); 2) A narrative literature review of published documents related to the quality of care in PsA; 3) A nominal group meeting in which 15 expert rheumatologists generated and reached a consensus on a series of quality criteria, as well as formulas or quantifiable objective measures to evaluate them; 4) The Delphi method to establish the feasibility, priority and agreement with the quality criteria; 5) A final generation of standards of care and their attributes. A descriptive analysis of the results was carried out. RESULTS: A total of 59 standards of care was generated, 18 of mandatory compliance, grouped into 4 blocks according to specific objectives: 1) early diagnosis (n=6); 2) optimizing the management of the disease (n=26); 3) multidisciplinary collaboration (n=9); 4) monitoring improvement (n=18). To assess compliance with these standards of care, in many cases, the medical records will be reviewed. Other sources will be the records of the service and hospital and bibliographic databases. Regarding the level of compliance, for some of the standards of care this is yes/no; for others, compliance ranges from 50% to 100% and, in this range, in many cases, compliance was 80%. CONCLUSIONS: This set of standards of care should help improve quality of care in PsA patients.

7.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 14(3): 155-159, mayo-jun. 2018. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-174100

RESUMO

Objetivo. Estandarizar la evaluación clínica de pacientes con espondiloartritis (EspA) axial y artritis psoriásica (APs). Métodos. Estudio cualitativo que incluyó: 1) grupo nominal (18 expertos); 2) revisión de la literatura sobre variables empleadas en la evaluación de los pacientes con EspA axial o APs, y 3) grupo focal con reumatólogos y otro con pacientes con EspA axial o APs para analizar la evaluación de las EspA en las consultas de reumatología. Los expertos seleccionaron las variables a incluir en el cuadro de actuación con base en su relevancia, factibilidad en consulta y método/s de medición. Resultados. El cuadro de actuación incluye las variables para valorar antecedentes personales, exploración física, actividad y función, pruebas complementarias y tratamientos. Detalla factores de riesgo de progresión radiográfica, factores predictores de respuesta a terapia biológica, e incluye variables de excelencia. Conclusiones. Este cuadro de actuación para pacientes con EspA axial y APs podrá ayudar a homogeneizar la práctica clínica diaria y a mejorar el manejo y el pronóstico de estos pacientes


Objective. To standardize clinical evaluation of patients with axial spondyloarthritis (SpA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) using a checklist. Methods. Qualitative study that included: 1) nominal group (18 experts); 2) literature reviews of measures used in the assessment of patients with axial SpA or PsA; and 3) focus groups, one with rheumatologists and another with patients, organized to become familiar with their opinion on medical assistance. Taking this into account, the experts selected the measures to be included in the checklist based on their relevance, feasibility, and the outcome type. Results. The checklist includes measures for the evaluation of personal history, physical examination, activity and function, laboratory tests, imaging studies and treatments. It also defines risk factors of radiographic progression, predictors of the response to biological therapies, and comprises measures of excellence. Conclusions. This checklist for patients with axial SpA and PsA could help standardize daily clinical practice and improve clinical management and patient prognosis


Assuntos
Humanos , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto , Espondilartrite/diagnóstico , Artrite Psoriásica/diagnóstico , Exame Físico/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Prognóstico , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Análise Qualitativa , Projetos , Espondilartrite/terapia , Artrite Psoriásica/terapia , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Análise Estatística
8.
Rheumatol Int ; 38(7): 1277-1284, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29786781

RESUMO

To develop and evaluate a web application based on multimedia animations, combined with a training program, to improve the prescription of exercises in spondyloarthritis (SpA). After a review of exercises included in the main clinical trials and recommendations of international societies, a multidisciplinary team-rehabilitators, rheumatologists, physiotherapists, computer scientists and graphic designers-developed a web application for the prescription of exercises (EJES-3D). Once completed, this was presented to 12 pairs of rehabilitators-rheumatologists from the same hospital in a workshop. Knowledge about exercise was tested in rheumatologists before and 6 months after the workshop, when they also evaluated the application. The EJES-3D application includes 38 multimedia videos and allows prescribing predesigned programs or customizing them. A patient can consult the prescribed exercises at any time from a device with internet connection (mobile, tablet, or computer). The vast majority of the evaluators (89%) were satisfied or very satisfied and considered that their expectations regarding the usefulness of the web application had been met. They highlighted the ability to tailor exercises adapted to the different stages of the disease and the quality and variety of the videos. They also indicated some limitations of the application and operational problems. The EJES-3D tool was positively evaluated by experts in SpA, potentially the most demanding group of users with the most critical capacity. This allows a preliminary validation of the contents, usefulness, and ease of use. Analyzing and correcting the errors and limitations detected is allowing us to improve the EJES-3D tool.

9.
Clin Rheumatol ; 37(9): 2595-2597, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29691770

RESUMO

The presentation of the Table 1 of the original version of this article was incorrectly published. The Table is now presented correctly in this article.

10.
Clin Rheumatol ; 37(9): 2587-2594, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29574655

RESUMO

Aerococcus are Gram-positive bacteria that have been historically misidentified using standard techniques. We report a case of a 63-year-old man with septic oligoarthritis caused by Aerococcus urinae (isolated in two ankle synovial fluid cultures and in two blood cultures). Due to the lack of evidence found in a search performed to identify similar cases, a systematic review was conducted with the objective to identify and analyze all documented cases of musculoskeletal infections caused by Aerococcus urinae. A total of 8 cases were selected: 6 spondylodiscitis, 1 periarticular hip abscess, and 1 prosthetic hip infection. Similarly, as in other Aerococcus urinae invasive infections, these were presented predominantly in older males with history of urinary tract disease, being identified mostly by sequencing of the 16S rRNA or by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS), with an increasing incidence in the last years and generally with good sensitivity to beta-lactams (aminoglycosides were associated in some cases due to its synergistic effect). Additionally, 4 cases of musculoskeletal infections caused by Aerococcus viridans and 4 cases of Aerococcus urinae with ammoniacal and pervasive malodorous urine were identified; the last was a symptom also present in our case. In this review, we identify a recent increase of musculoskeletal infections caused by Aerococcus urinae, which as well as in series of other invasive infections could be well correlated with an increasing use of more sensible diagnosis methods in clinical laboratories. Therefore, we suggest that these probably will be more frequently diagnosed in the future.

11.
Reumatol Clin ; 14(3): 155-159, 2018 May - Jun.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28284772

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To standardize clinical evaluation of patients with axial spondyloarthritis (SpA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) using a checklist. METHODS: Qualitative study that included: 1) nominal group (18 experts); 2) literature reviews of measures used in the assessment of patients with axial SpA or PsA; and 3) focus groups, one with rheumatologists and another with patients, organized to become familiar with their opinion on medical assistance. Taking this into account, the experts selected the measures to be included in the checklist based on their relevance, feasibility, and the outcome type. RESULTS: The checklist includes measures for the evaluation of personal history, physical examination, activity and function, laboratory tests, imaging studies and treatments. It also defines risk factors of radiographic progression, predictors of the response to biological therapies, and comprises measures of excellence. CONCLUSIONS: This checklist for patients with axial SpA and PsA could help standardize daily clinical practice and improve clinical management and patient prognosis.

12.
Reumatol Clin ; 2017 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28935290

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Describe the objectives, methods and results of the first year of the new version of the Spanish registry of adverse events involving biological therapies and synthetic drugs with an identifiable target in rheumatic diseases (BIOBADASER III). METHODOLOGY: Multicenter prospective registry of patients with rheumatic inflammatory diseases being treated with biological drugs or synthetic drugs with an identifiable target in rheumatology departments in Spain. The main objective of BIOBADASER Phase III is the registry and analysis of adverse events; moreover, a secondary objective was added consisting of assessing the effectiveness by means of the registry of activity indexes. Patients in the registry are evaluated at least once every year and whenever they experience an adverse event or a change in treatment. The collection of data for phase iii began on 17 December 2015. RESULTS: During the first year, 35 centers participated. The number of patients included in this new phase in December 2016 was 2,664. The mean age was 53.7 years and the median duration of treatment was 8.1 years. In all, 40.4% of the patients were diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis. The most frequent adverse events were infections and infestations. CONCLUSIONS: BIOBADASER Phase III has been launched to adapt to a changing pharmacological environment, with the introduction of biosimilars and small molecules in the treatment of rheumatic diseases. This new stage is adapted to the changes in the reporting of adverse events and now includes information related to activity scores.

13.
Reumatol Clin ; 2017 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28711461

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of comorbidities in patients with RA in Spain and discuss their management and implications using data from the Spanish cohort of the multinational study on COMOrbidities in Rheumatoid Arthritis (COMORA). METHODS: This is a national sub-analysis of the COMORA study. We studied the demographics and disease characteristics of 200 adults patients diagnosed with RA (1987 ACR), and routine practices for screening and preventing the following selected comorbidities: cardiovascular, infections, cancer, gastrointestinal, pulmonary, osteoporosis and depression. RESULTS: Patients had a mean age of 58 years and a mean RA duration of 10 years. Mean DAS28 score was 3.3 and approximately 25% of patients were in remission (DAS28 <2.6). Forty-four (22%) patients had ≥1 comorbidity, the most frequent being depression (27%) and obesity (26%). A history of myocardial infarction or stroke was observed in 5% and 1% of patients, respectively, and any solid tumor in 6%. Having a Framingham Risk Score >20% (51%), hypercholesterolemia (46%) or hypertension (41%) and smoking (25%) were the most common CV risk factors. For prostate, colon and skin cancers, only 9%, 10% and 18% of patients, respectively, were optimally monitored. Infections were also inadequately managed, with 7% and 17% of patients vaccinated against influenza and pneumococcal, respectively, as was osteoporosis, with 47% of patients supplemented with vitamin D and 56% with a bone densitometry performed. CONCLUSIONS: In Spain, the prevalence of comorbidities and CV risk factors in RA patients with established and advanced disease is relatively high, and their management in clinical daily practice remains suboptimal.

14.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 35(5): 816-822, 2017 Sep-Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28516881

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the remission concept in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to compare remission definitions and related concepts between rheumatologists and patients with the purpose of identifying similarities and disparities to comprehend the different perspectives of the disease. METHODS: This was a qualitative study of discourse and content analysis through focus groups, conducted from February to March 2016. Four focus groups were set up, each one with different interests: rheumatologists involved in basic research (BR), rheumatologists with high specialisation in imaging techniques (IR), clinical rheumatologists (CR), and patients (PA). RESULTS: There is no consensus in a remission definition in RA; differences exist between-groups, rheumatologists and patients value remission differently, and there are discrepancies within the group of rheumatologists. Rheumatologists highlight quantifiable objective parameters, in contrast, patients did not consider objective measures as the best instruments, and they prefer subjective measures of remission. The data confirmed the existence of two sources of knowledge of the disease, technical (physicians) and experiential (patients). These sources of knowledge should concur in order to establish new remission criteria well-adjusted to reality. CONCLUSIONS: The lack of consensus between key groups implicated in defining remission and remission criteria suggests a new strategy for its operational definition. Our group proposes that subjects with a balance between experiential and technical knowledge, should be the ones in charge of this assignment.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pacientes/psicologia , Reumatologistas/psicologia , Terminologia como Assunto , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Comunicação , Compreensão , Consenso , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Relações Médico-Paciente , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Indução de Remissão , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 12(5): 248-255, sept.-oct. 2016. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-155874

RESUMO

Introducción. En los últimos años, el peso específico de las consultas externas ha aumentado considerablemente. En la actualidad, la mayor parte de la atención reumatológica se lleva a cabo en esta área del hospital. Sin embargo, apenas existe documentación respecto a estándares de calidad asistencial. Objetivo. Desarrollar, mediante consenso, estándares de calidad asistencial específicos para las consultas externas de reumatología. Método. El proyecto se llevó a cabo mediante metodología Delphi a 2 rondas. Se contó con la participación de un comité científico (13 reumatólogos), 5 grupos nominales (45 reumatólogos y 12 enfermeras especializadas) y un grupo de discusión formado por 9 pacientes. Se generaron de forma sucesiva diversos borradores hasta obtener un documento final que incluyó los estándares que recibieron una puntuación igual o superior a 7 en al menos el 70% de los participantes. Resultados. El documento consta de 148 estándares distribuidos en 9 áreas temáticas: a) estructura (22); b) actividad clínica y relación con los pacientes (34); c) planificación (7); d) niveles de prioridad (5); e) relación con atención primaria, con el servicio de urgencias y con otros servicios del hospital (20); f) proceso (26); g) enfermería (13); h) docencia e investigación (13), e i) cómputo de actividad (8). Conclusión. Se han consensuado unos estándares de calidad asistencial que pueden ser útiles para organizar la actividad en las consultas externas de los servicios de reumatología y servir como marco de referencia a la hora de elevar propuestas de mejora a la gerencia del hospital o a otros estamentos de la administración (AU)


Introduction. In recent years, outpatient clinics have undergone extensive development. At present, patients with rheumatic diseases are mainly assisted in this area. However, the quality standards of care are poorly documented. Objective. To develop specific quality criteria and standards for an outpatient rheumatology clinic. Method. The project was based on the two-round Delphi method. The following groups of participants took part: scientific committee (13 rheumatologists), five nominal groups (45 rheumatologists and 12 nurses) and a group of discussion formed by 9 patients. Different drafts were consecutively generated until a final document was obtained that included the standards that received a punctuation equal or over 7 in at least 70% of the participants. Results. 148 standards were developed, grouped into the following 9 dimensions: a) structure (22), b) clinical activity and relationship with the patients (34), c) planning (7), d) levels of priority (5), e) relations with primary care physicians, with Emergency Department and with other clinical departments, f) process (26), g) nursing (13), h) teaching and research (13) and i) activity measures (8). Conclusion. This study established specific quality standards for rheumatology outpatient clinic. It can be a useful tool for organising this area in the Rheumatology Department and as a reference when proposing improvement measures to health administrators (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Garantia da Qualidade dos Cuidados de Saúde/organização & administração , Visita Domiciliar , Padrão de Cuidado/organização & administração , Padrão de Cuidado/normas , Padrão de Cuidado , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/tendências , Planos e Programas de Saúde/normas , Projetos
16.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 12(1): 34-38, ene.-feb. 2016. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-149357

RESUMO

Objetivo. Analizar el cumplimiento de las directrices t2t en la práctica clínica. Métodos. Estudio observacional transversal en pacientes consecutivos con artritis reumatoide (AR) de 5 hospitales canarios. Los pacientes cumplimentaron escalas de actividad, el HAQ y respondieron si el médico les había explicado el objetivo del tratamiento. El médico recogió además: visitas en el último año, empleo de índices y HAQ, DAS28 de la visita actual y fecha de la siguiente consulta. Se analizó el porcentaje de cumplimiento de las recomendaciones t2t (R) 1, 3, 5-7 y 10. Resultados. Se reclutó a 343 pacientes, 77% mujeres, con edad promedio de 57 años y duración de la AR de 10 años. La mediana de visitas en el último año fue de 3 y el promedio de meses entre la visita anterior y la actual de 5,6. El 93% estaba en tratamiento con FAME y el 44% en remisión por DAS (R1). Se había realizado recuento articular en la visita previa al 85%, HAQ al 19%, EVA actividad del paciente al 41% y DAS28 al 35% (R6). La siguiente visita se programó en un promedio entre uno y 3 meses (R5) al 64% de los pacientes con DAS28>3,2. El 96% de los pacientes dijo haber sido informado del objetivo del tratamiento (R10). La variabilidad entre centros era moderada, pero existía. El único factor que determinaba la realización de un DAS28 en la última consulta era el centro de procedencia del paciente. Conclusiones. Los centros canarios estudiados logran altas cotas de remisión y baja actividad en sus pacientes; la realización de índices compuestos y la frecuencia de seguimiento recomendado por el t2t se cumplen, aunque hay oportunidad de mejora (AU)


Objective. To analyze compliance with t2t clinical practice guidelines. Methods. Cross-sectional observational study in consecutive patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in 5 hospitals in the Canary Islands. Patients filled out activity scales, HAQ and answered the question of whether the doctor had explained the treatment target. The rheumatologist also collected: visits in the past year, use of activity indices and HAQ, DAS28 of current visit and date of the next visit. The percentage of compliance to indicators based on the t2t recommendations (R) 1, 3, 5-7 and 10 was analyzed. Results. A total of 343 patients were recruited, 77% female, mean age 57, RA duration of 10 years. Median visits in the last year were 3 and mean time between last and current visit was 5.6 months. A total of 93% of the patients were treated with DMARDs and 44% were in remission by DAS (R1). In the previous visit, documented joint count was present in 85%, a HAQ in 19%, patient VAS in 41%, and a DAS28 in 35% of the patients (R6). The next visit was scheduled at an average of 4.3 months (R5). In 64% of patients with DAS28> 3.2 a visit between one and 3 months was scheduled (R5). A total of 96% of patients said they had been informed of the treatment target (R10). Variability between centers existed but was moderate. The only factor determining the performance of a DAS28 in the last visit was the patient's center of origin. Conclusions. The Canary Island centers studied achieved high levels of remission and low activity in their patients. The performance of composite indices and follow-up frequency recommended by the t2t are met, although there is room for improvement (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Artrite Reumatoide/metabolismo , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Medicina Clínica/educação , Estudo Observacional , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Espanha , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Medicina Clínica/métodos , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Reumatol Clin ; 12(5): 248-55, 2016 Sep-Oct.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26775226

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In recent years, outpatient clinics have undergone extensive development. At present, patients with rheumatic diseases are mainly assisted in this area. However, the quality standards of care are poorly documented. OBJECTIVE: To develop specific quality criteria and standards for an outpatient rheumatology clinic. METHOD: The project was based on the two-round Delphi method. The following groups of participants took part: scientific committee (13 rheumatologists), five nominal groups (45 rheumatologists and 12 nurses) and a group of discussion formed by 9 patients. Different drafts were consecutively generated until a final document was obtained that included the standards that received a punctuation equal or over 7 in at least 70% of the participants. RESULTS: 148 standards were developed, grouped into the following 9 dimensions: a) structure (22), b) clinical activity and relationship with the patients (34), c) planning (7), d) levels of priority (5), e) relations with primary care physicians, with Emergency Department and with other clinical departments, f) process (26), g) nursing (13), h) teaching and research (13) and i) activity measures (8). CONCLUSION: This study established specific quality standards for rheumatology outpatient clinic. It can be a useful tool for organising this area in the Rheumatology Department and as a reference when proposing improvement measures to health administrators.


Assuntos
Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial/normas , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/normas , Doenças Reumáticas , Reumatologia/normas , Técnica Delfos , Humanos , Doenças Reumáticas/diagnóstico , Doenças Reumáticas/terapia , Espanha
18.
Reumatol Clin ; 12(1): 34-8, 2016 Jan-Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25869900

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze compliance with t2t clinical practice guidelines. METHODS: Cross-sectional observational study in consecutive patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in 5 hospitals in the Canary Islands. Patients filled out activity scales, HAQ and answered the question of whether the doctor had explained the treatment target. The rheumatologist also collected: visits in the past year, use of activity indices and HAQ, DAS28 of current visit and date of the next visit. The percentage of compliance to indicators based on the t2t recommendations (R) 1, 3, 5-7 and 10 was analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 343 patients were recruited, 77% female, mean age 57, RA duration of 10 years. Median visits in the last year were 3 and mean time between last and current visit was 5.6 months. A total of 93% of the patients were treated with DMARDs and 44% were in remission by DAS (R1). In the previous visit, documented joint count was present in 85%, a HAQ in 19%, patient VAS in 41%, and a DAS28 in 35% of the patients (R6). The next visit was scheduled at an average of 4.3 months (R5). In 64% of patients with DAS28> 3.2 a visit between one and 3 months was scheduled (R5). A total of 96% of patients said they had been informed of the treatment target (R10). Variability between centers existed but was moderate. The only factor determining the performance of a DAS28 in the last visit was the patient's center of origin. CONCLUSIONS: The Canary Island centers studied achieved high levels of remission and low activity in their patients. The performance of composite indices and follow-up frequency recommended by the t2t are met, although there is room for improvement.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Assistência ao Convalescente/métodos , Assistência ao Convalescente/normas , Assistência ao Convalescente/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Estudos Transversais , Monitoramento de Medicamentos/normas , Monitoramento de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Espanha , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
J Rheumatol ; 43(2): 323-9, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26669915

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) prevalence has been reported to be between 0.5% and 17% in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This study assessed PAH prevalence and predictors in an SLE cohort. METHODS: The Borg dyspnea scale, DLCO, N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), and Doppler echocardiographic (DE) were performed. An echocardiographic Doppler exercise test was conducted in selected patients. When DE systolic pulmonary arterial pressure was ≥ 45 mmHg or increased during exercise > 20 mmHg, a right heart catheterization was performed. Hemodynamic during exercise was measured if rest mean pulmonary arterial pressure was < 25 mmHg. RESULTS: Of the 203 patients with SLE, 152 were included. The mean age was 44.9 ± 12.3 years, and 94% were women. Three patients had known PAH. The algorithm diagnosed 1 patient with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension and 5 with exercise-induced pulmonary artery pressure increase (4 with occult left diastolic dysfunction). These patients had significantly more dyspnea, higher NT-proBNP, and lower DLCO. CONCLUSION: These data confirm the low prevalence of PAH in SLE. In our cohort, occult left ventricular diastolic dysfunction was a frequent diagnosis of unexplained dyspnea. Dyspnea, DLCO, and NT-proBNP could be predictors of pulmonary hypertension in patients with SLE.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Adulto , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Teste de Esforço , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/sangue , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/sangue , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico por imagem , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
20.
Rheumatol Int ; 35(11): 1851-5, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26238094

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to analyse the patterns of treatment adjustment in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with active disease in routine clinical care. This was a cross-sectional study of consecutive patients with RA conducted in five hospitals. Activity scales (DAS28-ESR) and function (HAQ) were measured, as well as whether ultrasound was performed as part of the assessment. Treatment decision (no changes/reduction/intensification) and time to the next scheduled visit were the outcomes variables. Associated factors were analysed by multilevel regression models. A total of 343 patients were included (77 % women, mean age 57 years, mean RA duration 10 years), of whom 44 % were in remission by DAS28. Treatment was continued in 202 (59 %) patients, reduced in 57 (16 %), and intensified in 83 (24 %). In the 117 patients with active RA (DAS28 ≥ 3.2), treatment was intensified in 61 (52 %). Factors associated with treatment intensification were physician and patient VAS, and DAS28, but not the centre. In the multilevel regression analysis with intensification of treatment as dependent variable, the following factors were significantly associated: DAS28 [OR 3.67 (95 % CI 2.43-5.52)], patient VAS [OR 1.04 (95 % CI 1.01-1.08)], and have performed an ultrasound [OR 3.36 (95 % CI 1.47-7.68)]. Factors associated with time to the next scheduled visit (an average of 4.3 months) were patient and physician VAS, DAS28, and centre. In clinical practice, half of the patients with active RA maintain or reduce the treatment. The decision to intensify treatment in active RA as recommended by a treat-to-target strategy is complex in practice.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Padrões de Prática Médica/tendências , Adulto , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Estudos Transversais , Revisão de Uso de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Visita a Consultório Médico/tendências , Indução de Remissão , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Espanha , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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