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1.
Reumatol Clin ; 2018 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30054254

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To generate a quality standard for the management of patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: We employed qualitative methodology that included: 1) Two focus groups (one with patients with PsA and another with non-rheumatologist specialists involved in the care of PsA patients); 2) A narrative literature review of published documents related to the quality of care in PsA; 3) A nominal group meeting in which 15 expert rheumatologists generated and reached a consensus on a series of quality criteria, as well as formulas or quantifiable objective measures to evaluate them; 4) The Delphi method to establish the feasibility, priority and agreement with the quality criteria; 5) A final generation of standards of care and their attributes. A descriptive analysis of the results was carried out. RESULTS: A total of 59 standards of care was generated, 18 of mandatory compliance, grouped into 4 blocks according to specific objectives: 1) early diagnosis (n=6); 2) optimizing the management of the disease (n=26); 3) multidisciplinary collaboration (n=9); 4) monitoring improvement (n=18). To assess compliance with these standards of care, in many cases, the medical records will be reviewed. Other sources will be the records of the service and hospital and bibliographic databases. Regarding the level of compliance, for some of the standards of care this is yes/no; for others, compliance ranges from 50% to 100% and, in this range, in many cases, compliance was 80%. CONCLUSIONS: This set of standards of care should help improve quality of care in PsA patients.

2.
Reumatol Clin ; 2018 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29496420

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: 1) To analyze the implementation of multidisciplinary care models in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients, 2) To define minimum and excellent standards of care. METHODS: A survey was sent to clinicians who already performed multidisciplinary care or were in the process of undertaking it, asking: 1) Type of multidisciplinary care model implemented; 2) Degree, priority and feasibility of the implementation of quality standards in the structure, process and result for care. In 6 regional meetings the results of the survey were presented and discussed, and the ultimate priority of quality standards for care was defined. At a nominal meeting group, 11 experts (rheumatologists and dermatologists) analyzed the results of the survey and the regional meetings. With this information, they defined which standards of care are currently considered as minimum and which are excellent. RESULTS: The simultaneous and parallel models of multidisciplinary care are those most widely implemented, but the implementation of quality standards is highly variable. In terms of structure it ranges from 22% to 74%, in those related to process from 17% to 54% and in the results from 2% to 28%. Of the 25 original quality standards for care, 9 were considered only minimum, 4 were excellent and 12 defined criteria for minimum level and others for excellence. CONCLUSIONS: The definition of minimum and excellent quality standards for care will help achieve the goal of multidisciplinary care for patients with PAs, which is the best healthcare possible.

3.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 13(2): 85-90, mar.-abr. 2017. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-161415

RESUMO

Objetivo. Describir la estructura y procesos de distintos modelos de atención multidisciplinar de pacientes con artritis psoriásica (APs) en España, así como las barreras y facilitadores en su implantación. Métodos. Se realizó un estudio cualitativo mediante entrevistas estructuradas a 24 profesionales (12 reumatólogos y 12 dermatólogos que realizan atención multidisciplinar en pacientes con APs). Se recogieron datos relacionados con el centro, servicio, población atendida y sobre el modelo de atención multidisciplinar (tipo, recursos materiales y humanos, requerimientos de los profesionales, objetivos, criterios de entrada y salida, agendas, protocolos de actuación, responsabilidades, toma de decisiones, actividad investigadora y docente, sesiones clínicas conjuntas, creación/inicio, planificación, ventajas/desventajas del modelo y barreras/facilitadores en la implantación del modelo. Se describen sus características. Resultados. Analizamos 12 modelos de atención multidisciplinar en APs, implantados desde hace al menos 1-2 años, que globalmente pueden resumirse en 3 subtipos diferentes: presencial conjunto, presencial paralelo y circuito preferencial. La implantación de uno u otro modelo es consecuencia de la adaptación a las circunstancias del centro y profesionales. Una correcta planificación de la implantación es fundamental. La implicación y buena sintonía entre profesionales así como un acceso y criterios de derivación bien definidos son facilitadores muy importantes en la implantación de un modelo. La gestión de las agendas y la recogida de datos para medir resultados de salud de estos modelos son las principales barreras. Conclusiones. Existen distintos modelos de atención multidisciplinar implantados que tienen como objetivo intentar mejorar la atención del paciente con APs, la eficiencia del sistema y la colaboración entre especialistas (AU)


Objetive. To describe (structure, processes) of the multidisciplinary care models in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in Spain, as well as barriers and facilitators of their implementation. Methods. A qualitative study was performed following structured interviews with 24 professionals (12 rheumatologists, 12 dermatologists who provide multidisciplinary care for patients with PsA). We collected data related to the hospital, department, population and multidisciplinary care model (type, physical and human resources, professional requirements, objectives, referral criteria, agendas, protocols, responsibilities, decision- making, research and education, clinical sessions, development and planning of the model, advantages and disadvantages of the model, barriers and facilitators in the implementation of the model. The models characteristics are described. Results. We analyzed 12 multidisciplinary care models in PsA, with at least 1-2 years of experience, and 3 subtypes of models, face-to-face, parallel, and preferential circuit. All are adapted to the hospital and professionals characteristics. A proper implementation planning is essential. The involvement and empathy between professionals and an access and well-defined referral criteria are important facilitators in the implementation of a model. The management of agendas and data collection to measure the multidisciplinary care models health outcomes are the main barriers. Conclusions. There are different multidisciplinary care models in PsA that can improve patient outcomes, system efficiency and collaboration between specialists (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Assistência ao Paciente/métodos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Serviços de Saúde , Serviços de Saúde/normas , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/organização & administração , Dermatologia , Reumatologia , Diagnóstico Precoce , Espanha/epidemiologia , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Análise Estatística
4.
Reumatol Clin ; 13(2): 85-90, 2017 Mar - Apr.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27068194

RESUMO

OBJETIVE: To describe (structure, processes) of the multidisciplinary care models in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in Spain, as well as barriers and facilitators of their implementation. METHODS: A qualitative study was performed following structured interviews with 24 professionals (12 rheumatologists, 12 dermatologists who provide multidisciplinary care for patients with PsA). We collected data related to the hospital, department, population and multidisciplinary care model (type, physical and human resources, professional requirements, objectives, referral criteria, agendas, protocols, responsibilities, decision- making, research and education, clinical sessions, development and planning of the model, advantages and disadvantages of the model, barriers and facilitators in the implementation of the model. The models characteristics are described. RESULTS: We analyzed 12 multidisciplinary care models in PsA, with at least 1-2 years of experience, and 3 subtypes of models, face-to-face, parallel, and preferential circuit. All are adapted to the hospital and professionals characteristics. A proper implementation planning is essential. The involvement and empathy between professionals and an access and well-defined referral criteria are important facilitators in the implementation of a model. The management of agendas and data collection to measure the multidisciplinary care models health outcomes are the main barriers. CONCLUSIONS: There are different multidisciplinary care models in PsA that can improve patient outcomes, system efficiency and collaboration between specialists.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica/terapia , Dermatologia/organização & administração , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Reumatologia/organização & administração , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Dermatologia/métodos , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Modelos Organizacionais , Avaliação de Processos (Cuidados de Saúde) , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Reumatologia/métodos , Espanha
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