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1.
ERJ Open Res ; 6(4)2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33263033

RESUMO

In 2019, The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) modified the grading system for patients with COPD, creating 16 subgroups (1A-4D). As part of the COPD Cohorts Collaborative International Assessment (3CIA) initiative, we aim to compare the mortality prediction of the 2015 and 2019 COPD GOLD staging systems. We studied 17 139 COPD patients from the 3CIA study, selecting those with complete data. Patients were classified by the 2015 and 2019 GOLD ABCD systems, and we compared the predictive ability for 5-year mortality of both classifications. In total, 17 139 patients with COPD were enrolled in 22 cohorts from 11 countries between 2003 and 2017; 8823 of them had complete data and were analysed. Mean±sd age was 63.9±9.8 years and 62.9% were male. GOLD 2019 classified the patients in milder degrees of COPD. For both classifications, group D had higher mortality. 5-year mortality did not differ between groups B and C in GOLD 2015; in GOLD 2019, mortality was greater for group B than C. Patients classified as group A and B had better sensitivity and positive predictive value with the GOLD 2019 classification than GOLD 2015. GOLD 2015 had better sensitivity for group C and D than GOLD 2019. The area under the curve values for 5-year mortality were only 0.67 (95% CI 0.66-0.68) for GOLD 2015 and 0.65 (95% CI 0.63-0.66) for GOLD 2019. The new GOLD 2019 classification does not predict mortality better than the previous GOLD 2015 system.

2.
BMC Med Educ ; 20(1): 515, 2020 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33349248

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Non-technical skills such as leadership, communication, or situation awareness should lead to effective teamwork in a crisis. This study aimed to analyse the role of these skills in the emotional response of health professionals to the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: Before the COVID-19 outbreak, 48 doctors and 48 nurses participated in a simulation-based teamwork training program based on teaching non-technical skills through simulation. In May 2020, this group of professionals from a COVID-19 referral hospital was invited to participate in a survey exploring stress, anxiety, and depression, using the PSS-14 (Perceived Stress Scale) and the HADS (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale) measures. A control group that did not receive the training was included. We conducted a logistic regression to assess whether having attended a simulation-based teamwork training program modified the probability of presenting psychological distress (PSS-14 > 18 or HADS> 12). RESULTS: A total of 141 healthcare professionals were included, 77 in the intervention group and 64 in the control group. Based on the PSS-14, 70.1% of the intervention group and 75% of the control group (p = 0.342) had symptoms of stress. Having contact with COVID-19 patients [OR 4.16(1.64-10.52)]; having minors in charge [OR 2.75 (1.15-6.53)]; working as a doctor [0.39(0.16-0.95)], and being a woman [OR 2.94(1.09-7.91)] were related with PSS14 symptoms. Based on the HADS, 54.6% of the intervention group and 42.2% of the control group (p = 0.346) had symptoms of anxiety or depression. Having contact with COVID-19 patients [OR 2.17(1.05-4.48)] and having minors in charge [OR 2.14(1.06-4.32)] were related to HADS symptoms. Healthcare professionals who attended COVID-19 patients showed higher levels of anxiety and depression [OR 2.56(1.03-6.36) (p = 0.043)]. CONCLUSION: Healthcare professionals trained in non-technical skills through simulation tended towards higher levels of anxiety and depression and fewer levels of stress, during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
/psicologia , Corpo Clínico Hospitalar/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Treinamento por Simulação , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Capacitação em Serviço , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico , Pandemias , Estudos Prospectivos , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Angústia Psicológica
3.
Respir Med ; 171: 106105, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32858497

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is partial evidence that COPD is expressed differently in women than in men, namely on symptoms, pulmonary function, exacerbations, comorbidities or prognosis. There is a need to improve the characterization of COPD in females. METHODS: We obtained and pooled data of 17 139 patients from 22 COPD cohorts and analysed the clinical differences by sex, establishing the relationship between these characteristics in women and the prognosis and severity of the disease. Comparisons were established with standard statistics and survival analysis, including crude and multivariate Cox-regression analysis. RESULTS: Overall, 5355 (31.2%) women were compared with men with COPD. Women were younger, had lower pack-years, greater FEV1%, lower BMI and a greater number of exacerbations (all p < 0.05). On symptoms, women reported more dyspnea, equal cough but less expectoration (p < 0.001). There were no differences in the BODE index score in women (2.4) versus men (2.4) (p = 0.5), but the distribution of all BODE components was highly variable by sex within different thresholds of BODE. On prognosis, 5-year survival was higher in COPD females (86.9%) than in males (76.3%), p < 0.001, in all patients and within each of the specific comorbidities that we assessed. The crude and adjusted RR and 95% C.I. for death in males was 1.82 (1.69-1.96) and 1.73 (1.50-2.00), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: COPD in women has some characteristic traits expressed differently than compared to men, mainly with more dyspnea and COPD exacerbations and less phlegm, among others, although long-term survival appears better in female COPD patients.

4.
Autoimmun Rev ; 19(5): 102507, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32194200

RESUMO

A few scores predicting the short-term risk of mortality in Systemic sclerosis (SSc) have been reported to date. Our study aimed to create a predictive 15-year all-cause mortality score at the time of the diagnosis of SSc. The study was based on the Spanish Scleroderma Registry (RESCLE). The cohort was split up in derivation (DC) and validation cohort (VC). A multivariate analysis to detect variables related to all-cause mortality within the first 15 years from SSc diagnosis was performed, assigning points to the rounded beta values to create the score (RESCLESCORE). 1935 SSc patients were included. The variables in the final model were as follows: age at diagnosis (+2 points > 65 years-old), male gender (+1 point), lcSSc subset (-1 point), mode of onset other than Raynaud's (+1 point), cancer (+1 point) and visceral involvement, such as ILD (+1 point), PAH (+1 point), heart (+1 point) and renal involvement (+2 points). Autoantibodies did not achieve statistical significance in the multivariate analysis. The 3 categories of risk to predict 15-year all-cause mortality at the time of diagnosis were as follows: low risk (5% vs. 7%, p = .189), intermediate risk (26.5% vs. 25.5%, p = .911) and high risk (47.8% vs. 59%, p = .316). The AUC was 0.799 (DC) vs. 0.778 (VC) (p = .530). In conclusion, the RESCLESCORE demonstrated an excellent ability to categorize SSc patients at the time of diagnosis in separate 15-year all-cause mortality risk strata at the time of diagnosis.


Assuntos
Causas de Morte , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/mortalidade , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Doença de Raynaud/diagnóstico , Doença de Raynaud/mortalidade , Sistema de Registros , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espanha/epidemiologia
5.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 38 Suppl 125(3): 106-114, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31969223

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc) is associated with anti-topoisomerase (ATA) whereas limited cutaneous (lcSSc) and sine scleroderma (ssSSc) are mainly associated with anti-centromere antibody (ACA). Serodiscordant patients were defined as lcSSc subjects with ATA, dcSSc with ACA, and ssSSc with ATA. The aim of the present study was to compare the clinical manifestations and prognosis between serodiscordant patients and their counterparts (those with lcSSc with ACA, dcSSc with ATA and ssSSc with ACA, respectively). METHODS: From the Spanish Scleroderma Registry we selected those patients for whom skin involvement (dcSSc, lcSSc or ssSSc) was detailed at baseline and last visit and ACA and ATA had been determined. Demographic, clinical characteristics, and survival data were compared according to the antibody status. RESULTS: The whole cohort comprised 901 patients and six mutually exclusive groups were defined: lcSScACA in 511 (57%) patients, lcSScATA group in 87 (10%), dcSScATA group in 172 (19%), dcSScACA group in 21 (2%), ssSScACA group in 92 (10%), and ssSScATA group in 18 (2%) patients, respectively. Interstitial lung disease (ILD) and severe ILD were more frequent in patients with dcSScATA than in those with dcSScACA. Conversely, the prevalence of isolated pulmonary hypertension (without ILD) was higher in those with dcSScACA (15% vs. 2%; p=0.018). No differences were found regarding survival when comparing serodiscordant patients with the seroconcordants patients. CONCLUSIONS: In our cohort, the prevalence of serodiscordant SSc patients was low. They differed from their counterparts in some clinical manifestations. The management of patients with SSc should be guided by both serology and cutaneous subtype.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Pulmonar , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Esclerodermia Difusa , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Autoanticorpos , Humanos
6.
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) ; 72(7): 1001-1010, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31033198

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the accuracy of the Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score (BVAS), version 3, and the Five Factor Score (FFS), version 1996 and version 2009, to assess survival in antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV). METHODS: A total of 550 patients with AAV (41.1% with granulomatosis with polyangiitis, 37.3% with microscopic polyangiitis, and 21.6% with eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis), diagnosed between 1990 and 2016, were analyzed. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and multivariable Cox analysis were used to assess the relationships between the outcome and the different scores. RESULTS: Overall mortality was 33.1%. The mean ± SD BVAS at diagnosis was 17.96 ± 7.82 and was significantly higher in nonsurvivors than in survivors (mean ± SD 20.0 ± 8.14 versus 16.95 ± 7.47, respectively; P < 0.001). The mean ± SD 1996 FFS and 2009 FFS were 0.81 ± 0.94 and 1.47 ± 1.16, respectively, and were significantly higher in nonsurvivors than in survivors (mean ± SD 1996 FFS 1.17 ± 1.07 versus 0.63 ± 0.81 [P < 0.001] and 2009 FFS 2.13 ± 1.09 versus 1.15 ± 1.05 [P < 0.001], respectively). Mortality rates increased according to the different 1996 FFS and 2009 FFS categories. In multivariate analysis, BVAS, 1996 FFS, and 2009 FFS were significantly related to death (P = 0.007, P = 0.020, P < 0.001, respectively), but the stronger predictor was the 2009 FFS (hazard ratio 2.9 [95% confidence interval 2.4-3.6]). When the accuracy of BVAS, 1996 FFS, and 2009 FFS to predict survival was compared in the global cohort, ROC analysis yielded area under the curve values of 0.60, 0.65, and 0.74, respectively, indicating that 2009 FFS had the best performance. Similar results were obtained when comparing these scores in patients diagnosed before and after 2001 and when assessing the 1-year, 5-year, and long-term mortality. Correlation among BVAS and 1996 FFS was modest (r = 0.49; P < 0.001) but higher than between BVAS and the 2009 FFS (r = 0.28; P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: BVAS and FFS are useful to predict survival in AAV, but the 2009 FFS has the best prognostic accuracy at any point of the disease course.


Assuntos
Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/mortalidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Espanha , Adulto Jovem
7.
J Rheumatol ; 47(1): 89-98, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30770503

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Monotherapy is an option as first-line therapy for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). However, combination therapy is a beneficial alternative. Our objective was to evaluate the efficacy of monotherapy versus combination therapy in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc)-associated PAH. METHODS: All patients with SSc-associated PAH from the Spanish Scleroderma Registry (RESCLE) were reviewed. Patients were split into 3 groups: monotherapy versus sequential combination versus upfront combination therapy. The primary endpoint was death from any cause at 1, 3, and 5 years from PAH diagnosis. RESULTS: Seventy-six patients (4.2%) out of 1817 had SSc-related PAH. Thirty-four patients (45%) were receiving monotherapy [endothelin receptor antagonist (n = 22; 29%) or phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors (n = 12; 16%)], 25 (33%) sequential combination, and 17 (22%) upfront combination therapy. A lower forced vital capacity/DLCO in the sequential combination group was reported (2.9 ± 1.1 vs 1.8 ± 0.4 vs 2.3 ± 0.8; p = 0.085) and also a higher mean pulmonary arterial pressure in combination groups (37.2 ± 8.7 mmHg vs 40.8 ± 8.8 vs 46 ± 15.9; p = 0.026) at baseline. Treatment regimen (p = 0.017) and functional class (p = 0.007) were found to be independent predictors of mortality. Sequential combination therapy was found to be an independent protective factor (HR 0.11, 95% CI 0.03-0.51; p = 0.004), while upfront combination therapy showed a trend (HR 0.68, 95% CI 0.23-1.97; p = 0.476). Survival from PAH diagnosis among monotherapy, sequential, and upfront combination groups was 78% versus 95.8% versus 94.1% at 1 year, 40.7% versus 81.5% versus 51.8% at 3 years, and 31.6% versus 56.5% versus 34.5% at 5 years (p = 0.007), respectively. Side effects were not significantly different among groups. CONCLUSION: Combination sequential therapy improved survival in our cohort.

8.
Front Immunol ; 10: 2755, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31849952

RESUMO

Behçet's disease (BD) is an immune-mediated vasculitis related to imbalances between the innate and adaptive immune response. Infectious agents or environmental factors may trigger the disease in genetically predisposed individuals. HLA-B51 is the genetic factor stronger associated with the disease, although the bases of this association remain elusive. NK cells have also been implicated in the etiopathogenesis of BD. A family of NK receptors, Killer-cell Immunoglobulin-like Receptor (KIR), with a very complex organization, is very important in the education and control of the NK cells by the union to their ligands, most of them, HLA class I molecules. This study aimed to investigate the contribution of certain KIR functional polymorphisms to the susceptibility to BD. A total of 466 BD patients and 444 healthy individuals were genotyped in HLA class I (A, B, and C). The set of KIR genes and the functional variants of KIR3DL1/DS1 and KIR2DS4 were also determined. Frequency of KIR3DL1*004 was lower in patients than in controls (0.15 vs. 0.20, P = 0.005, Pc = 0.015; OR = 0.70; 95% CI 0.54-0.90) in both B51 positive and negative individuals. KIR3DL1*004, which encodes a misfolded protein, is included in a common telomeric haplotype with only one functional KIR gene, KIR3DL2. Both, KIR3DL1 and KIR3DL2 sense pathogen-associated molecular patterns but they have different capacities to eliminate them. The education of the NK cells depending on the HLA, the balance of KIR3DL1/KIR3DL2 licensed NK cells and the different capacities of these receptors to eliminate pathogens could be involved in the etiopathogenesis of BD.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Behçet/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Behçet/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Polimorfismo Genético , Receptores KIR3DL1/genética , Alelos , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética/métodos , Genótipo , Antígenos HLA/genética , Antígenos HLA/imunologia , Humanos , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Receptores KIR/genética
9.
COPD ; 16(1): 8-17, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30870059

RESUMO

The CODEX index was developed and validated in patients hospitalized for COPD exacerbation to predict the risk of death and readmission within one year after discharge. Our study aimed to validate the CODEX index in a large external population of COPD patients with variable durations of follow-up. Additionally, we aimed to recalculate the thresholds of the CODEX index using the cutoffs of variables previously suggested in the 3CIA study (mCODEX). Individual data on 2,755 patients included in the COPD Cohorts Collaborative International Assessment Plus (3CIA+) were explored. A further two cohorts (ESMI AND EGARPOC-2) were added. To validate the CODEX index, the relationship between mortality and the CODEX index was assessed using cumulative/dynamic ROC curves at different follow-up periods, ranging from 3 months up to 10 years. Calibration was performed using univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard models and Hosmer-Lemeshow test. A total of 3,321 (87.8% males) patients were included with a mean ± SD age of 66.9 ± 10.5 years, and a median follow-up of 1,064 days (IQR 25-75% 426-1643), totaling 11,190 person-years. The CODEX index was statistically associated with mortality in the short- (≤3 months), medium- (≤1 year) and long-term (10 years), with an area under the curve of 0.72, 0.70 and 0.76, respectively. The mCODEX index performed better in the medium-term (<1 year) than the original CODEX, and similarly in the long-term. In conclusion, CODEX and mCODEX index are good predictors of mortality in patients with COPD, regardless of disease severity or duration of follow-up.


Assuntos
Progressão da Doença , Dispneia/etiologia , Pneumopatias Obstrutivas/mortalidade , Pneumopatias Obstrutivas/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Área Sob a Curva , Calibragem , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Pneumopatias Obstrutivas/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Curva ROC , Medição de Risco/métodos , Exacerbação dos Sintomas , Fatores de Tempo
10.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 2777, 2019 02 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30808881

RESUMO

Behçet's disease (BD) is an immune-mediated systemic disorder with a well-established genetic base. In a previous study, using a next generation sequencing approach, we found many rare variants and some functional polymorphisms in genes related to autoinflammatory syndromes (AID): CECR1, MEFV, MVK, NLRP3, NOD2, PSTPIP1 and TNFRSF1A in our BD cohort. Our strategy did not allow us to establish either number of patients with variants, proportion of individuals accumulating them or relationship with other genetic factors. With the goal to answer these questions, the individual samples were sequenced. Additionally, three functional polymorphisms: NLRP3 p.Gln703Lys, NOD2 p.Arg702Trp and p.Val955Ile were genotyped using TaqMan assays. A total of 98 patients (27.6%) carried at least one rare variant and 13 of them (3.7%) accumulated two or three. Functional regression model analysis suggests epistatic interaction between B51 and MEFV (P = 0.003). A suggestive protective association of the minor allele of NOD2 p.Arg702Trp (P = 0.01) was found in both, B51 positive and negative individuals. Therefore, a high percentage of patients with BD have rare variants in AID genes. Our results suggest that the association of MEFV with BD could be modulated by the HLA molecules; whereas the protective effect of NOD2 p.Arg702Trp would be independent of HLA.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Behçet/patologia , Epistasia Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Antígenos HLA-B/genética , Doenças Hereditárias Autoinflamatórias/genética , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Polimorfismo Genético , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Adulto , Síndrome de Behçet/genética , Estudos de Coortes , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/genética , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Masculino , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Pirina/genética , Receptores Tipo I de Fatores de Necrose Tumoral/genética
11.
Clin Rheumatol ; 38(4): 1117-1124, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30535994

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Our objective was to evaluate the pulmonary hypertension (PH) data for Spanish patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc), define the PH types and determine the associated factors. METHOD: Descriptive study of PH-related data from the multicentre RESCLE registry. Estimated systolic pulmonary artery pressure (esPAP), measured via echocardiogram was considered elevated if ≥ 35 mmHg. Left heart disease (LHD) and interstitial lung disease (ILD) were identified. When performed, data from right heart catheterisation (RHC) were collected. RESULTS: esPAP was elevated in 350 of 808 patients (43.3%). One hundred and forty-four patients (17.8%) were considered to have PH (88 via RHC and the rest due to elevated esPAP along with evidence of significant LHD or ILD): PAH 3.7%, secondary to ILD 8.3%, secondary to LHD 2.8% and unclassified 3%. Prevalence of elevated esPAP was greater in diffuse SSc (dSSc) than in limited scleroderma (lSSc) (50.5 vs. 42.2%, p 0.046). In the group with elevated esPAP, a lower prevalence of anti-centromere antibodies (41.9% vs. 52.3%, p 0.006) and a greater prevalence of anti-topoisomerase-1 antibodies (ATA) (25.1% vs. 18.6%, p 0.04) were observed compared to the group with normal esPAP. Patients with elevated esPAP had a lower rate of digital ulcers (50.6% vs. 60.2%, p 0.007) and esophageal involvement (83.6% vs. 88.7%, p 0.07) and higher rate of renal crisis (4.6% vs. 1.8%, p 0.066). CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence of PAH was lower than expected (3.7%). Probability of having elevated esPAP was higher among patients with dSSc and among those with ATA.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Antinucleares , Centrômero/imunologia , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Sistema de Registros , Escleroderma Sistêmico/imunologia , Espanha/epidemiologia
12.
Mayo Clin Proc Innov Qual Outcomes ; 2(3): 267-276, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30225460

RESUMO

Objective: To characterize the etiologies and clinical features at diagnosis of patients with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) and correlate these baseline features with survival using an etiopathogenically guided multivariable model. Patients and Methods: The Spanish Group of Autoimmune Diseases HLH Study Group, formed in 2013, is aimed at collecting adult patients with HLH diagnosed in internal medicine departments between January 3, 2013, and October 28, 2017. Results: The cohort consisted of 151 patients (91 men; mean age, 51.4 years). After a mean follow-up of 17 months (range, 1-142 months), 80 patients died. Time-to-event analyses for death identified a worse survival curve for patients with neoplasia (P<.001), mixed microbiological infections (P=.02), and more than 1 infection (P=.01) and glucocorticoid monotherapy (P=.02). According to univariate analyses, platelets of less than 100,000/mm3 (hazard ratio [HR], 3.39; 95% CI, 1.37-8.40), leukopenia (HR, 1.81; 95% CI, 1.01-3.23), severe hyponatremia (HR, 1.61; 95% CI, 1.02-2.54), disseminated intravascular coagulation (HR, 1.87; 95% CI, 1.05-3.34), bacterial infection (HR, 1.99; 95% CI, 1.09-3.63), mixed microbiological infections (HR, 3.42; 95% CI, 1.38-8.46), and 2 or more infectious triggers (HR, 2.95; 95% CI, 1.43-6.08) were significantly associated with death. In contrast, peripheral adenopathies (HR, 0.63; 95% CI, 0.40-0.98) and the immunosuppressive drug/intravenous immunoglobulin/biological therapies (HR, 0.44; 95% CI, 0.20-0.96) were protective against all-cause mortality. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression analysis identified 2 or more infectious triggers (HR, 3.14; 95% CI, 1.28-7.68) as the only variable independently associated with death. Conclusion: The mortality rate of adult patients diagnosed with HLH exceeds 50%. Infection with more than 1 microbiological agent was the only independent variable associated with mortality irrespective of the underlying disease, epidemiological profile, clinical presentation, and therapeutic management.

14.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 36(6 Suppl 115): 40-44, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29745871

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the characteristics of patients with Behçet's disease (BD) who presented with venous thrombosis. In addition, we identified the factors associated with this venous involvement and those related with recurrent venous thrombosis. METHODS: Up to January 2015, 544 BD patients from 20 Spanish hospitals had been included in the REGEB (REGistro de la Enfermedad de Behçet as Spanish nomenclature). We selected those patients who presented venous thrombosis. Descriptive analysis was performed and factors related with venous thrombosis were identified. RESULTS: Overall, 99 (18.2%) BD patients had vascular thrombosis, 91 (16.7%) of them (16.7%) involving venous vessels and 18 (19.7%) suffered from venous thrombotic relapse. Lower limbs were the most common location of deep venous thrombosis present in up to 60% of patients. In 12 (13.2%) patients, venous thrombosis affected two vascular territories simultaneously and in 6 (6.6%) the venous and arterial involvement coincided in time. Overall, at the diagnosis of venous thrombosis, 97.6% of patients presented concomitantly other clinical symptoms attributable to BD. In logistic regression multivariate analysis factors associated to venous thrombosis were male sex (Odds ratio [OR] 4.3, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.5-7.7), erythema nodosum (OR 2.4, 95%CI 1.4-4.1), fever (OR 2.0, 95%CI 1.1-3.8), and central nervous system (CNS) involvement (OR 2.5, 95%CI 1.3-4.8). Considering relapses, CNS involvement was an independent risk factor according logistic regression. However, Cox multivariate analysis did not confirm this finding. CONCLUSIONS: We identified factors related with venous involvement in patients included in the REGEB cohort.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Behçet/epidemiologia , Trombose Venosa/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Síndrome de Behçet/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Espanha/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico , Adulto Jovem
15.
Neurourol Urodyn ; 37(1): 434-439, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28598517

RESUMO

AIMS: To analyze whether episiotomy affects the urogenital hiatal area and the difference in the hiatus at rest and during contraction, as an indirect measurement of the contractile capacity of the levator ani muscle. METHODS: We performed an observational, comparative, retrospective study of primiparous women who had normal vaginal deliveries. The urogenital hiatal area was compared in women with and without episiotomy. All women underwent transperineal ultrasound scanning after delivery, and all the images were analyzed offline by the principal investigator who was blinded to all clinical data. The urogenital hiatal area was measured at rest and during both Valsalva and contraction manoeuvres. The difference in the hiatus at rest and during contraction was also calculated. These scanning variables were compared between the study groups. RESULTS: In total, 194 women were analysed (101 with, and 93 without, episiotomy). There were no statistically significant differences between the groups regarding the area of the hiatus at rest (P = 0.583), on Valsalva (P = 0.158), and on contraction (P = 0.468), or in the difference in the hiatus at rest and during contraction (P = 0.095). CONCLUSIONS: In normal vaginal delivery, neither the area of the urogenital hiatus nor its difference at rest and during contraction, as measured by ultrasound, were modified by performing an episiotomy.


Assuntos
Episiotomia/efeitos adversos , Sistema Urogenital/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Parto Obstétrico , Feminino , Humanos , Contração Muscular , Paridade , Diafragma da Pelve/diagnóstico por imagem , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ultrassonografia , Manobra de Valsalva , Adulto Jovem
16.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 47(6): 849-857, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29246416

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and causes of hepatobiliary involvement (HBI) in systemic sclerosis (SSc), to investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of SSc patients with HBI (SSc-HBI) and without HBI (SSc-non-HBI), and to compare both groups according to the cutaneous SSc subsets. METHODS: In all, 1572 SSc patients were collected in the RESCLE registry up to January 2015, and all hepatobiliary disturbances were recorded. We investigated the HBI-related characteristics and survival from the entire SSc cohort and according to the following cutaneous subsets: diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc), limited cutaneous SSc (lcSSc), and SSc sine scleroderma (ssSSc). RESULTS: Out of 1572, 118 (7.5%) patients had HBI. Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) was largely the main cause (n = 67, 4.3%), followed by autoimmune hepatitis (n = 19, 1.2%), and anti-mitochondrial negative PBC (n = 6, 0.4%). Other causes of HBI were as follows: secondary liver diseases (n = 11, 0.7%), SSc-related HBI (n = 7, 0.4%), nodular regenerative hyperplasia (n = 3, 0.2%), liver cirrhosis (n = 3, 0.2%), and HBI of unknown origin (n = 2, 0.1%). In multivariate analysis, HBI was independently associated to lesser risk of dcSSc (5.1% vs. 24.4%), and higher frequency of calcinosis (26% vs. 18%), left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (46% vs. 27%), sicca syndrome (51% vs. 29%), and anti-centromere antibodies (ACA, 73% vs. 44%). According to the cutaneous subsets, HBI was associated (1) in lcSSc, to longer time from SSc onset to diagnosis (10.8 ± 12.5 vs. 7.2 ± 9.3 years), sicca syndrome (54% vs. 33%), and ACA (80% vs. 56%); (2) in ssSSc, to sicca syndrome (44% vs. 19%), and (3) in dcSSc, no associations were found. HBI was the cause of death in 2.3% patients but the cumulative survival according to the presence or absence of HBI showed no differences. CONCLUSIONS: HBI prevalence in SSc is 7.5% and dcSSc is the least involved subset. PBC is the main cause of HBI. Patients with SSc-HBI exhibited specific clinical and immunologic profile. Survival is similar for SSc patients with HBI.


Assuntos
Colangite/etiologia , Hepatite Autoimune/etiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Colangite/mortalidade , Feminino , Hepatite Autoimune/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Escleroderma Sistêmico/mortalidade , Síndrome de Sjogren/complicações , Síndrome de Sjogren/mortalidade , Espanha , Taxa de Sobrevida
17.
Clin Rheumatol ; 37(4): 999-1009, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29214548

RESUMO

The objective of the study is to determine the importance of the mode of onset as prognostic factor in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Data were collected from the Spanish Scleroderma Registry (RESCLE), a nationwide retrospective multicenter database created in 2006. As first symptom, we included Raynaud's phenomenon (RP), cutaneous sclerosis, arthralgia/arthritis, puffy hands, interstitial lung disease (ILD), pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), and digestive hypomotility. A total of 1625 patients were recruited. One thousand three hundred forty-two patients (83%) presented with RP as first symptom and 283 patients (17%) did not. Survival from first symptom in those patients with RP mode of onset was higher at any time than those with onset as non-Raynaud's phenomenon: 97 vs. 90% at 5 years, 93 vs. 82% at 10 years, 83 vs. 62% at 20 years, and 71 vs. 50% at 30 years (p < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, factors related to mortality were older age at onset, male gender, dcSSc subset, ILD, PAH, scleroderma renal crisis (SRC), heart involvement, and the mode of onset with non-Raynaud's phenomenon, especially in the form of puffy hands or pulmonary involvement. The mode of onset should be considered an independent prognostic factor in systemic sclerosis and, in particular, patients who initially present with non-Raynaud's phenomenon may be considered of poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Artralgia/etiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Doença de Raynaud/etiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Avaliação de Sintomas
18.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 35 Suppl 106(4): 89-97, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28980905

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The low overall prevalence of systemic sclerosis (SSc) and the low proportion of male patients have resulted in a scarcity of studies assessing sex differences in Ssc patients, and contradictory results have often been show among those studies that have been performed. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted with the Spanish RESCLE register to analyse the influence of gender on survival of SSc patients. RESULTS: In total, 1506 SSc patients (1341 women, 165 men) were recruited from 21 centres. Older age at onset (OR 1.02), shorter time from onset to diagnosis (OR 0.96), smoking (OR 2.57), interstitial lung disease (ILD) (OR 1.58), less predisposition to sicca syndrome and to antinuclear antibody positivity (OR 0.29 and 0.43, respectively), and higher compliance with the ACR 1980 criteria (OR 1.79) were independently associated with the male sex. During follow-up, 30.4% of men versus 14.6% of women died (p<0.001). Survival at 10 years from the onset of symptoms was 75.3% for men and 92.9% for women (p<0.001), and the difference remained after selecting only SSc-related deaths (85.6% vs. 96.1%, p<0.001). The mortality predictive factors were diffuse SSc (OR 2.26), ILD (OR 1.82), digital ulcers (OR 1.38), tendon friction rubs (OR 1.74), male sex (OR 1.53), increased age at onset (OR 1.13) and isolated PH (considering only deaths from diagnosis), both in the overall (OR 3.63) and female cohorts (OR 3.97). The same risk factors were observed in the male cohort, except for isolated PH and ILD. CONCLUSIONS: The present study confirms the existence of epidemiological, clinical, laboratory and prognostic gender differences in systemic sclerosis patients.


Assuntos
Escleroderma Sistêmico/mortalidade , Causas de Morte , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Caracteres Sexuais
19.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 35 Suppl 106(4): 98-105, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28980912

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical manifestations and prognosis of Spanish patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) according to their immunological profile. METHODS: From the Spanish Scleroderma Study Group or RESCLE (Registro de ESCLErodermia as Spanish nomenclature) Registry we selected those patients in which anti-centromere (ACA), anti-topoisomerase I (ATA), and anti-RNA polymerase III (ARA) antibodies had been determined, and a single positivity for each SSc specific antibody was detected. Demographic, clinical, laboratory, and survival data were compared according to the serologic status of these antibodies. RESULTS: Overall, 209 SSc patients were included. In 128 (61%) patients ACA was the only positive antibody, 46 (22%) were only positive for ATA, and 35 (17%) for ARA. Of note, the three groups were mutually exclusive. In univariate analysis, patients with ACA presented more frequently limited cutaneous SSc (lcSSc) (p<0.001), whereas diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc) was the most frequent subtype in patients with ATA (54%) and ARA (62%) (both p<0.001). Positive patients for ARA showed the highest prevalence of joint involvement (p<0.001) and those from ATA group had a higher prevalence of interstitial lung disease (ILD) (p<0.001). Scleroderma renal crisis was more frequent in the ARA group (p<0.001). In multivariate analysis, ACA were associated with female gender and were protective for dcSSc and ILD. ATA were found to be protective for lcSSc and they were independently associated with interstitial reticular pattern. ARA positivity was independently associated with dcSSc. We did not find differences in mortality between the three groups. CONCLUSIONS: In Spanish SSc patients, the presence of SSc specific antibodies conferred a distinctive clinical profile.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/análise , Escleroderma Sistêmico/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Centrômero/imunologia , Estudos de Coortes , DNA Topoisomerases Tipo I/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , RNA Polimerase III/imunologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/mortalidade
20.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 8453, 2017 08 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28814775

RESUMO

Behçet's disease (BD) is an immune-mediated systemic disorder with a well-established association with HLA class I and other genes. BD has clinical overlap with many autoinflammatory diseases (AIDs). The aim of this study was to investigate the role of rare variants in seven genes involved in AIDs: CECR1, MEFV, MVK, NLRP3, NOD2, PSTPIP1 and TNFRSF1A using a next generation sequencing (NGS) approach in 355 BD patients. To check global association of each gene, 4 tests: SKAT, CollapseBt, C(α) and weighted KBAC were used. Databases: 1000 Genomes Project Phase 3, Infevers, HGMD and ClinVar and algorithms: PolyPhen2 and SIFT were consulted to collect information of the 62 variants found. All the genes resulted associated using SKAT but only 3 (MVK, NOD2 and PSTPIP1) with C(α) and weighted KBAC. When all the genes are considered, 40 variants were associated to AIDs in clinical databases and 25 were predicted as pathogenic at least by one of the algorithms. Including only MVK, NOD2 and PSTPIP1, the associated to AIDs variants found in BD were 20 and the predicted as pathogenic, 12. The maxima contribution corresponds to NOD2. This study supports influence of rare variants in genes involved in AIDs in the pathogenesis of BD.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Behçet/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Inflamassomos/genética , Mutação , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Adenosina Desaminase/genética , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/genética , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/genética , Masculino , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Proteína Adaptadora de Sinalização NOD2/genética , Fosfotransferases (Aceptor do Grupo Álcool)/genética , Pirina/genética , Receptores Tipo I de Fatores de Necrose Tumoral/genética
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