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1.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 32(3): 210-214, 2017 May-Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28832800

RESUMO

Introduction:: Although it only corresponds to 2.5% of congenital heart defects, hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is responsible for more than 25% of cardiac deaths in the first week of life. Palliative surgery performed after the second week of life is considered an important risk factor in the treatment of HLHS. Objective:: The aim of this study is to describe the initial experience of a medical center in Northeastern Brazil with a modified off-pump hybrid approach for palliation of HLHS. Methods:: From November 2012 through November 2015, the medical records of 8 patients with HLHS undergoing hybrid procedure were retrospectively evaluated in a tertiary private hospital in Northeastern Brazil. The modified off-pump hybrid palliation consisted of stenting of the ductus arteriosus guided by fluoroscopy without contrast and banding of the main pulmonary artery branches. Demographic and clinical variables were recorded for descriptive analysis. Results:: Eight patients were included in this study, of whom 37.5% were female. The median age and weight at the time of the procedure was 2 days (p25% and p75% = 2 and 4.5 days, respectively) and 3150 g (p25% and p75% = 3077.5 g and 3400 g, respectively), respectively. The median length in intensive care unit stay was 6 days (p25% and p75% = 3.5% and 8 days, respectively). There were no in-hospital deaths. Four patients have undergone to the second stage of the surgical treatment of HLHS. Conclusion:: In this series, the initial experience with the modified off-pump hybrid procedure showed to be safe, allowing a low early mortality rate among children presenting HLHS.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Síndrome do Coração Esquerdo Hipoplásico/cirurgia , Procedimentos de Norwood/métodos , Stents , Prótese Vascular , Brasil , Cateterismo Cardíaco/mortalidade , Canal Arterial/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Síndrome do Coração Esquerdo Hipoplásico/mortalidade , Recém-Nascido , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Ilustração Médica , Procedimentos de Norwood/mortalidade , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Politetrafluoretileno , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 32(2): 71-76, 2017 Mar-Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28492786

RESUMO

Objective: To report the early results of the BYPASS project - the Brazilian registrY of adult Patient undergoing cArdiovaScular Surgery - a national, observational, prospective, and longitudinal follow-up registry, aiming to chart a profile of patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery in Brazil, assessing the data harvested from the initial 1,722 patients. Methods: Data collection involved institutions throughout the whole country, comprising 17 centers in 4 regions: Southeast (8), Northeast (5), South (3), and Center-West (1). The study population consists of patients over 18 years of age, and the types of operations recorded were: coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), mitral valve, aortic valve (either conventional or transcatheter), surgical correction of atrial fibrillation, cardiac transplantation, mechanical circulatory support and congenital heart diseases in adults. Results: 83.1% of patients came from the public health system (SUS), 9.6% from the supplemental (private insurance) healthcare systems; and 7.3% from private (out-of -pocket) clinic. Male patients comprised 66%, 30% were diabetics, 46% had dyslipidemia, 28% previously sustained a myocardial infarction, and 9.4% underwent prior cardiovascular surgery. Patients underwent coronary artery bypass surgery were 54.1% and 31.5% to valve surgery, either isolated or combined. The overall postoperative mortality up to the 7th postoperative day was 4%; for CABG was 2.6%, and for valve operations, 4.4%. Conclusion: This first report outlines the consecution of the Brazilian surgical cardiac database, intended to serve primarily as a tool for providing information for clinical improvement and patient safety and constitute a basis for production of research protocols.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardiovasculares/estatística & dados numéricos , Bases de Dados Factuais/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/estatística & dados numéricos , Doença das Coronárias/mortalidade , Doença das Coronárias/cirurgia , Feminino , Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
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