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1.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 20121, 2021 10 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635707

RESUMO

The Brazilian strategy to overcome the spread of COVID-19 has been particularly criticized due to the lack of a national coordinating effort and an appropriate testing program. Here, a successful approach to control the spread of COVID-19 transmission is described by the engagement of public (university and governance) and private sectors (hospitals and oil companies) in Macaé, state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, a city known as the National Oil Capital. In 2020 between the 17th and 38th epidemiological week, over two percent of the 206,728 citizens were subjected to symptom analysis and RT-qPCR testing by the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, with positive individuals being notified up to 48 h after swab collection. Geocodification and spatial cluster analysis were used to limit COVID-19 spreading in Macaé. Within the first semester after the outbreak of COVID-19 in Brazil, Macaé recorded 1.8% of fatalities associated with COVID-19 up to the 38th epidemiological week, which was at least five times lower than the state capital (10.6%). Overall, considering the successful experience of this joint effort of private and public engagement in Macaé, our data suggest that the development of a similar strategy countrywise could have contributed to a better control of the COVID-19 spread in Brazil. Quarantine decree by the local administration, comprehensive molecular testing coupled to scientific analysis of COVID-19 spreading, prevented the catastrophic consequences of the pandemic as seen in other populous cities within the state of Rio de Janeiro and elsewhere in Brazil.

2.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 9415253, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34621899

RESUMO

The present study was designed to compare the body composition and indicators of chronic inflammatory grade, such as leptin, adiponectin, and resistin concentrations in irregularly active and active SCI subjects. Thirty-two male subjects participated in this study. They were divided into three groups: able-bodied control irregularly active (control, n = 11), irregularly active with SCI (SCI-IA, n = 8), and physically active with SCI (SCI-PA, n = 13). The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) assessed serum concentrations of leptin, adiponectin, and resistin. All volunteers performed the maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max) test, 24 h total energy expenditure (TEE), and body composition by skinfold thicknesses. Leptin concentrations were higher in the SCI-IA group when compared to the other groups, while no significant differences were found between the SCI-PA and control cohorts. In addition, no significant differences were found among groups for serum adiponectin and resistin concentrations either. The SCI-PA group showed significantly higher values for TEE and VO2max when compared to the other groups. Percentages of body fat and circumference were decreased in the control and SCI-PA groups when compared to the SCI-IA cohort. Associations between leptin and cardiorespiratory capacity and anthropometric markers were also observed. Our findings highlight that the lack of physical activity in the SCI subjects leads to poor general physical fitness and higher levels of body adiposity, which may induce hyperleptinemia, an essential marker for cardiometabolic disorders.

3.
Acta Histochem ; 123(7): 151787, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517259

RESUMO

CD44 and CD133 have been considered as cancer stem cell (CSC) markers. Stem cell markers are rarely described in healthy stomach tissues. However, the clinicopathological and prognostic value of CD44 and CD133 in gastric cancer remains controversial. This study investigated the expression of CD44 and CD133 in gastric cancer and non-neoplastic gastric mucosa. We used samples of primary gastric adenocarcinomas (n = 69), metastatic lymph nodes (n = 30), intestinal metaplasia (n = 17), and histologically normal gastric tissues of surgical margins (n = 54). The expression of CD44 and CD133 were studied in samples by immunohistochemistry. Fisher's exact test and a logistic regression model were used in this study. CD44 expression was observed in 12% of samples with intestinal metaplasia, 20% with lymph node metastases, 22% with normal mucosa, to 30% of samples with primary tumors. Most of these positive tumors showed immunostaining in less than 4% of cancerous cells, mainly in the diffuse type. CD133 expression was observed in 7% (intestinal metaplasia) to 46% (normal mucosa). In the positive cases of cancer (24%), in most of them, less than 3% of cells were marked. CD44 and CD133 expression in the histologically normal gastric mucosa was restricted to the deeper regions of the gastric crypts at the level where stem cells and progenitor cells are usually found. CD44 and CD133 expression occurs in few gastric cancer cells, mainly in diffuse carcinomas, and are expressed in histologically normal gastric mucosae. None of the markers are specific for cancer and are also present in intestinal metaplasia and the normal mucosa.

4.
Nutrients ; 13(8)2021 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34444845

RESUMO

Rapid worldwide decreases in physical activity (PA), an increase in sedentary behaviour (SB) and poorer dietary patterns have been reported during COVID-19 confinement periods. However, as national variability has been observed, this study sought to describe PA, SB and eating patterns, and to explore their gender as well as other socio-demographic correlates and how they interrelate in a representative sample of Portuguese adults during the COVID-19 first mandatory social confinement. The survey was applied online and by telephone to 5856 adults (mean age = 45.8 years; 42.6% women). The majority reported high (46.0%) or moderate (20.5%) PA levels. Men, younger participants, those with higher education levels and a favourable perception of their financial situation reported higher PA levels, with the opposite pattern for SB. Physical fitness activities and household chores were more reported by women, with more strength training and running activities reported by men. Regarding eating behaviours, 45.1% reported changes, positive (58%) and negative (42%), with 18.2% reporting increases in consumption of fruit, vegetables, and fish and other seafood consumption, while 10.8% (most with lower educational level and less comfortable with their income) reported an increase in consumption of ready-to-eat meals, soft drinks, savoury snacks, and take-away and delivered meals. Two clusters-a health-enhancing vs. risky pattern-emerged through multiple correspondence analysis characterized by co-occurrence of high vs. low PA levels, positive vs. negative eating changes, awareness or not of the COVID-19 PA and dietary recommendations, perceived financial situation, higher vs. lower educational level and time in social confinement. In conclusion, while in social confinement, both positive and negative PA and eating behaviours and trends were displayed, highlighting the role of key sociodemographic correlates contributing to healthy vs. risky patterns. Results may inform future health interventions and policies to be more targeted to those at risk, and also advocate the promotion of PA and healthy eating in an integrated fashion.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Exercício Físico , Comportamento Alimentar , Comportamento Sedentário , Adolescente , Adulto , COVID-19/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Política de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Portugal/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
5.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 1156031, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34423030

RESUMO

Here, we report the participation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) glutamate receptor in the mediation of cardiovascular and circulating vasopressin responses evoked by a hemorrhagic stimulus. In addition, once NMDA receptor activation is a prominent mechanism involved in nitric oxide (NO) synthesis in the brain, we investigated whether control of hemorrhagic shock by NMDA glutamate receptor was followed by changes in NO synthesis in brain supramedullary structures involved in cardiovascular and neuroendocrine control. Thus, we observed that intraperitoneal administration of the selective NMDA glutamate receptor antagonist dizocilpine maleate (MK801, 0.3 mg/kg) delayed and reduced the magnitude of hemorrhage-induced hypotension. Besides, hemorrhage induced a tachycardia response in the posthemorrhage period (i.e., recovery period) in control animals, and systemic treatment with MK801 caused a bradycardia response during hemorrhagic shock. Hemorrhagic stimulus increased plasma vasopressin levels during the recovery period and NMDA receptor antagonism increased concentration of this hormone during both the hemorrhage and postbleeding periods in relation to control animals. Moreover, hemorrhagic shock caused a decrease in NOx levels in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN), amygdala, bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST), and ventral periaqueductal gray matter (vPAG). Nevertheless, treatment with MK801 did not affect these effects. Taken together, these results indicate that the NMDA glutamate receptor is involved in the hemorrhagic shock by inhibiting circulating vasopressin release. Our data also suggest a role of the NMDA receptor in tachycardia, but not in the decreased NO synthesis in the brain evoked by hemorrhage.


Assuntos
Bradicardia/induzido quimicamente , Sistema Cardiovascular/metabolismo , Maleato de Dizocilpina/administração & dosagem , Choque Hemorrágico/metabolismo , Vasopressinas/sangue , Animais , Bradicardia/sangue , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Sistema Cardiovascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Maleato de Dizocilpina/efeitos adversos , Injeções Intraperitoneais , Masculino , Sistemas Neurossecretores/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistemas Neurossecretores/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/metabolismo
6.
Sleep Med ; 83: 204-209, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34049037

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report the prevalence of adequate sleep and the correlates of sleep duration in Portuguese adolescents aged 12-18 years. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis with 1017 adolescents (471 girls) aged 14.6 ± 1.8 years. Adolescents self-reported their sleep duration. RESULTS: The percentage of adolescents meeting the guidelines was 72.7%, 60.7% and 51.3%, during a whole week, on weekdays and on weekends, respectively. Boys were always more compliant with the guidelines than girls, for all week categories. A significant difference was found on sleep duration on weekends, between boys and girls (p < 0.001). During weekdays, more adolescents were classified as short sleepers when compared to long sleepers. Younger adolescents were more likely to meet the guidelines over the whole week and on weekdays (OR = 2.23, OR = 2.13, respectively; p < 0.05) and being long sleepers on weekends (OR = 1.49, p < 0.05). Those of medium and low SES were less likely to meet the sleep guidelines for all week categories (ptrend<0.001). Girls were more likely than boys to meet the guidelines or being long sleepers on weekends (OR = 1.78, OR = 2.85, respectively; p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: During weekends, the percentage of girls sleeping more than recommended is high, indicating a clear compensation of low sleep duration during weekdays. Those of low SES and older adolescents were less likely to meet the sleep guidelines. Policy makers and researchers should consider the potential effects that SES, gender and age might have on sleep duration, when designing targeted interventions to promote adequate sleep duration.


Assuntos
Sono , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Autorrelato
7.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(21): 24493-24504, 2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34024099

RESUMO

The ability of mimicking the extracellular matrix architecture has gained electrospun scaffolds a prominent space into the tissue engineering field. The high surface-to-volume aspect ratio of nanofibers increases their bioactivity while enhancing the bonding strength with the host tissue. Over the years, numerous polyesters, such as poly(lactic acid) (PLA), have been consolidated as excellent matrices for biomedical applications. However, this class of polymers usually has a high hydrophobic character, which limits cell attachment and proliferation, and therefore decreases biological interactions. In this way, functionalization of polyester-based materials is often performed in order to modify their interfacial free energy and achieve more hydrophilic surfaces. Herein, we report the preparation, characterization, and in vitro assessment of electrospun PLA fibers with low contents (0.1 wt %) of different curcuminoids featuring π-conjugated systems, and a central ß-diketone unit, including curcumin itself. We evaluated the potential of these materials for photochemical and biomedical purposes. For this, we investigated their optical properties, water contact angle, and surface features while assessing their in vitro behavior using SH-SY5Y cells. Our results demonstrate the successful generation of homogeneous and defect-free fluorescent fibers, which are noncytotoxic, exhibit enhanced hydrophilicity, and as such greater cell adhesion and proliferation toward neuroblastoma cells. The unexpected tailoring of the scaffolds' interfacial free energy has been associated with the strong interactions between the PLA hydrophobic sites and the nonpolar groups from curcuminoids, which indicate its role for releasing hydrophilic sites from both parts. This investigation reveals a straightforward approach to produce photoluminescent 3D-scaffolds with enhanced biological properties by using a polymer that is essentially hydrophobic combined with the low contents of photoactive and multifunctional curcuminoids.


Assuntos
Diarileptanoides/química , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética Nuclear de Carbono-13 , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Diarileptanoides/farmacologia , Matriz Extracelular/química , Humanos , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Poliésteres/química , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos
8.
Cytokine ; 144: 155560, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34004552

RESUMO

Orthobiologics continue to gain popularity in many areas of medical science, especially in the field of regenerative medicine. Platelet-rich plasma derivatives are orthobiologic tools of particular interest. These biologic products can be obtained via centrifugation of a patient's whole blood and the components can then be subsequently isolated, concentrated and ultimately administered into injured tissues, particularly in areas where standard healing is disrupted. The elevated concentration of platelets above the basal value enables accelerated growth of various tissues with minimal side effects. The application of autologous orthobiologics is a relatively new biotechnology undergoing expansion which continues to reveal optimistic results in the stimulation and enhanced healing of various sorts of tissue injuries. The local release of growth factors and cytokines contained in platelet alpha granules accelerates and ameliorates tissue repair processes, mimicking and supporting standard wound healing. This effect is greatly enhanced upon combination with the fibrinolytic system, which are essential for complete regeneration. Fibrinolytic reactions can dictate proper cellular recruitment of certain cell populations such as mesenchymal stem cells and other immunomodulatory agents. Additionally, these reactions also control proteolytic activity in areas of wound healing and regenerative processes of mesodermal tissues including bone, cartilage, and muscle, which makes it particularly valuable for musculoskeletal health, for instance. Although many investigations have demonstrated significant results with platelet-rich plasma derivatives, further studies are still warranted.

9.
J Clin Neurosci ; 88: 34-38, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33992200

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: APOE ε4 is independently associated with lobar intracranial hemorrhages (ICH). Although the ε4 allele enhances amyloid deposition in blood vessels, the ε2 allele predisposes to vasculopathic changes leading to rupture of amyloid laden vessels. Thus, ε4 and ε2 carriers might have increased susceptibility to ICH. We aimed to study the impact of the apolipoprotein E alleles in the development of symptomatic ICH (sICH). METHODS: We included 384 consecutive ischemic anterior circulation stroke patients submitted to thrombolysis between January 2014 and March 2016. Admission CT-scans were reviewed to calculate the ASPECTS. Patients were followed for up to at least 6 months post-stroke or until death. Outcome was development of sICH, defined according to the ECASS III. RESULTS: Considering APOE genotyping, three patients had ε2/ε2, four had ε2/ε4, 38 had ε2/ε3, 284 had ε3/ε3, 51 had ε3/ε4 and four had ε4/ε4. sICH was associated with sex and diabetes. In multivariate analysis, sICH was not associated with carrying one or more ε4 alleles (OR: 0.483, 95%CI = [0.059, 3.939], p = 0.497) nor with carrying one or more ε2 alleles (OR: 1.369, 95%CI = [0.278, 6.734], p = 0.699). CONCLUSION: No association was found between APOE genotype and the development of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage.


Assuntos
Apolipoproteínas E/genética , Hemorragia Cerebral/etiologia , AVC Isquêmico/complicações , AVC Isquêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Trombolítica/métodos
10.
Stress ; 24(5): 572-583, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33792481

RESUMO

Inflammation has been described as a prominent mechanism involved in dysfunctions and diseases evoked by chronic stress. Notably, the spleen is an immune organ controlled by sympathetic and glucocorticoid mechanisms, but the impact of chronic stress in the spleen is not entirely understood. Besides, the impact of aerobic exercise training on the effects of chronic stress in the spleen has never been reported. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the changes caused in the spleen by repeated restraint stress and the effect of aerobic exercise training performed after a period of chronic restraint stress in rats. We identified that daily exposure to restraint stress (120 min per session, for 14 consecutive days) increased corticosterone and noradrenaline content, gene expression of glucocorticoid and ß2-adrenergic receptors, TNF-α and IL-6 levels, and increased pro-oxidant substances in the spleen. Circulating levels of corticosterone were also increased in chronically stressed animals. Exercise training (1 h a day/5 days per week, for 60 days) increased glucocorticoid receptor gene expression, interleukin (IL)-10 and antioxidant mechanisms in the spleen. Exercise also decreased splenic noradrenaline, tumoral necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and IL-6 contents. Lastly, the effects of repeated restraint stress in the spleen were mitigated in animals subjected to aerobic training. Taken together, the results reported in the present study indicate that aerobic exercise training is a relevant non-pharmacological therapeutic approach to dysfunctions in the spleen caused by a period of stress.

11.
J Med Entomol ; 2021 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33884431

RESUMO

The transmission of pathogens that cause leishmaniases occurs by the bite of female sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in their vertebrate hosts, which makes the identification of their bloodmeal sources an important step for the control and epidemiology of these diseases. In Brazil, the state of Roraima has a great diversity of sand flies, vertebrate hosts, and protozoan Leishmania, but little is known about the host blood-feeding preferences of sand flies. Thus, we evaluated the bloodmeal sources of sand flies collected from their sylvatic habitats in Parque Nacional do Viruá, Roraima. Fieldwork was carried-out between 13th and 18th August 2019 using CDC light traps. Sand flies were slide-mounted and morphologically identified using the head and last segments of the abdomen. Engorged females had their DNA extracted, followed by amplification and sequencing of the cytochrome b (cytb) molecular marker for vertebrates. Sequences were analyzed and compared with those from GenBank using the BLASTn search tool, in addition to the reconstruction of a phylogenetic tree to demonstrate the clustering pattern of these sequences. A total of 1,209 sand flies were identified, comprising 20 species, in which the most abundant were Psychodopygus ayrozai (Barretto and Coutinho) (42.10%) and Psychodopygus chagasi (Costa Lima) (26.22%). Bloodmeal source identification was successfully performed for 34 sand flies, that confirm four vertebrate species, being the most abundant the armadillo Dasypus novemcinctus Linnaeus, 1758 (Cingulata: Dasypodidae).

12.
Neurologist ; 26(2): 32-35, 2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33646986

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2), which is involved in the inflammatory atherosclerotic process, has emerged as an independent risk factor for atheromatous vascular events. Its impact on coronary disease has already been demonstrated, however, its influence in cerebrovascular etiology is still unknown. We aimed to observe and describe the potential association between Lp-PLA2 levels and the etiologic subtype of ischemic stroke. METHODS: Unicentric, observational, and prospective cohort study of consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke, admitted in a comprehensive stroke center. Patients with incomplete investigation or coexisting causes were excluded. Lp-PLA2 was dosed in peripheral blood between day 3 and 14 postevent with "Lp-PLA2-SNIBE" kit. Statistical significance was set for P<0.05. RESULTS: A total of 96 patients were enrolled, with mean age of 75.31±11.88 years, 41 males (42.7%); 12.5% with lacunar stroke, 16.7% atherothrombotic, 46.9% cardioembolic, and 24% embolic stroke of undetermined source (ESUS). The level of Lp-PLA2 was different between etiologies (F=2.982, P=0.035), being lower in ESUS (143.3±42.8 ng/mL). There were no significant associations with previous vascular risk factors, history of ischemic stroke and modified-Rankin scale (mRS) score 3 months postevent. In ESUS patients, Lp-PLA2 was not associated with cervical ultrasound findings or frequent supraventricular extrasystoles. CONCLUSIONS: Lp-PLA2 levels are different between etiologic subtypes of ischemic stroke, being lower in ESUS patients. The results of this study reinforce the existence of distinct pathophysiological mechanisms in patients with ESUS. Multicenter clinical trials with larger sample sizes are needed to clarify the role Lp-PLA2 on the etiology of stroke.

13.
Gerodontology ; 38(3): 317-320, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33590916

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Nasolabial Cyst (NC) or Klestadt's cyst is a relatively rare soft tissue developmental lesion of nasal alar region accounting for 0.7% of all non-odontogenic cysts. NC usually presents as an asymptomatic swelling located in the anterior region of the maxilla lateral to midline-resulting in obliteration of nasolabial sulcus, nasal vestibule and maxillary labial sulcus and facial asymmetry-often observed on early stages by most patients due to cosmetics issues. CASE REPORT: A 76-year-old woman was referred for evaluation of an asymptomatic facial swelling in the left upper lip region lasting 20 years. Extraoral clinical examination showed a left-sided swelling lateral to midline near to the alar base resulting in facial asymmetry. Intraoral clinical examination revealed the presence of a single painless well-defined nodular, sessile, non-tender swelling covered by normal oral mucosa, and located in the upper labial mucosa in the left incisor's region. An excisional biopsy was performed, and microscopic examination revealed a cystic cavity lined by cuboidal to columnar epithelium with mucous cells. The underlying connective tissue showed chronic inflammatory infiltrate close to muscular tissue. Patient recovery was uneventful, and there are no signs of local recurrence in a 2-year clinical follow-up. CONCLUSION: Clinicians should consider NC when evaluating an upper lip swelling extending to the nasolabial region of the elders.


Assuntos
Cistos , Doenças Nasais , Idoso , Cistos/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Mucosa Bucal , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Doenças Nasais/diagnóstico
14.
Curr Cardiol Rev ; 2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33573570

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) pandemic is a global health crisis that has culminated in thousands of deaths. In order to reduce the spread of Sars-CoV-2 virus, governments of several countries have adopted social isolation as a strategy. However, social isolation has culminated in deleterious effects for the population's health, including increased physical inactivity, stress and, consequently, adverse changes in body composition, cardiorespiratory capacity, muscle strength, physical functionality, and vascular events, which are increasingly pointed out as the main determinants of cardiovascular health. Staying physically active during lockdown is a challenge, especially for the population with a higher risk of mortality from COVID-19 who are still encouraged to maintain social distance until there is a vaccine available. Strategies to avoid physical inactivity, and reduce stress levels can promote cardiovascular protection, and must be considered during COVID-19 time. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to discuss the risks of physical inactivity and stress for the cardiovascular system during the COVID-19 pandemic and propose strategies to protect cardiovascular health. CONCLUSION: A home-based training protocol could be an interesting and effective strategy for the population who need to remain physically active and safe at home.

15.
Exp Gerontol ; 146: 111245, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33476700

RESUMO

AIM: The present study investigated whether hypertension, blood pressure, and antihypertensive therapy were associated with frailty status in community-dwelling older adults. In addition, we tested whether such associations were consistent across different frailty instruments. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two-hundred older adults were enrolled in the study. Participant frailty status was determined according to a modified physical frailty phenotype (mFP), the FRAIL scale, and the Study of Osteoporotic Fracture (SOF) index. Blood pressure was assessed three times, in three different days, and mean values were used in the final analysis. Information pertaining to disease conditions and antihypertensive therapy were collected by two researchers through self-report and careful review of medical charts. RESULTS: No significant differences in hemodynamic parameters, hypertension diagnosis, and antihypertensive therapy were observed across frailty statuses, regardless of the frailty assessment tool used. CONCLUSION: Findings of the present study indicate that hypertension, blood pressure levels and antihypertensive medication were not cross-sectionally associated with frailty status in cognitively preserved community-dwelling older adults with low prevalence of comorbidities, regardless of the tool used for frailty identification.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Hipertensão , Idoso , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Pressão Sanguínea , Estudos Transversais , Idoso Fragilizado , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Avaliação Geriátrica , Humanos , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Vida Independente , Prevalência
16.
Clin Exp Hypertens ; 43(4): 320-327, 2021 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33423544

RESUMO

Purpose: Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) seems to positively modulate the autonomic nervous system in different clinical conditions and healthy subjects; however, its effects on hypertensive (HTN) patients are not completely known. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a tDCS or SHAM session (20 min) on blood pressure (BP) and autonomic variables of HTN patients.Materials and Methods: Subjects (n = 13) were randomly submitted to SHAM and tDCS sessions (1 week of washout). Hemodynamic and autonomic variables were measured at baseline, during, and immediately after tDCS or SHAM stimulation (Finometer®, Beatscope). Ambulatory BP measurement (ABPM) was evaluated after the experimental period.Results: Hemodynamic variables were not changed by tDCS, except for the fall in peripheral vascular resistance (Δ = -1696.51 ± 204.65 dyn.s/cm5). After the tDCS, sympathetic modulation was decreased (-61.47%), and vagal modulation was increased (+38.09%). Such acute autonomic changes may have evoked positive results observed in 24 hs-systolic blood pressure (Δ = -8.4 ± 6.2; P = .0022) and 24hs-diastolic blood pressure (Δ = -5.4 ± 4.2; P = .0010) in tDCS subjects compared with that in SHAM.Conclusion: These findings suggest that the tDCS could promote positive acute adjustments on cardiac autonomic control and reduced values on 24-hs BP of HTN patients. More than a proof-of-concept, these results may point out to the future, where brain stimulation (tDCS) can be used to HTN syndromes, such as refractory HTN.


Assuntos
Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/fisiopatologia , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Estimulação Transcraniana por Corrente Contínua , Diástole/fisiologia , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sístole/fisiologia
17.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 76: e1826, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33503172

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We compared the autonomic modulation and sleep behavior of eutrophic and overweight patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: COPD participants were divided into the overweight and eutrophic groups. Pulmonary function, blood pressure, body composition, autonomic modulation, and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index score were assessed. Participants performed the six-minute walk test for functional assessment. RESULTS: Spirometric variables obtained in eutrophic and overweight individuals with COPD showed no statistically different results. We observed that the SDNN index indicated lower overall variability (p=0.003), and root mean square of successive differences between normal heart beats (RMSSD) (p=0.04) indicated lower parasympathetic modulation in the overweight group than observed in the eutrophic group. The indexes of the frequency domain presented lower values of total variability (p<0.01), low frequency bands (p<0.01), and high frequency (p=0.02), suggesting a higher sympathetic modulation and reduced parasympathetic modulation of the overweight group compared to eutrophic group. The overweight group also showed reduced sleep quality than the eutrophic group. CONCLUSION: Overweight COPD patients showed lower autonomic modulation and impaired sleep quality, latency, and efficiency as compared eutrophic subjects. These results reinforce the importance of weight control and the acquisition of healthy habits in this population.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Obesidade/complicações , Sono
18.
J Geriatr Phys Ther ; 44(2): E123-E131, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31693536

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cutoff points for physical function tests are commonly used in clinical practice for the evaluation, monitoring, and treatment of older adults. Previous studies have shown that, while age-related patterns of muscle strength change are similar between ethnic groups, strength values differ significantly independent of age. Whether the same applies to other physical function tests is presently unclear. This study investigated age- and gender-related changes of performance on a battery of physical function tests in Brazilian community dwellers. METHODS: The study followed a cross-sectional design. Participants were community-dwelling adults. Candidates were considered eligible if they were 18 years or older, lived independently, and possessed sufficient physical and cognitive abilities to perform all of the measurements required by the protocol. Physical function tests included isometric handgrip (IHG), 5 times sit-to-stand (5×STS) test, Timed Up and Go, 1-leg stance, and walking speed (WS) at usual and fast pace. RESULTS: Two-thousand eight-hundred and four people were enrolled. Mean age was 68.0 (7.0) years (range 50-102 years), and 2262 (80.7%) were women. Men displayed better IHG and balance, while women showed higher performance on the 5×STS and WS tests. A gender-specific pattern of decline in physical performance was observed. Specifically, women showed a linear age-dependent decline in all tests. In men, only in the IHG, 1-leg stance, and WS test at a fast pace was there a linear decline with age. In both genders, the lowest mean values of physical function tests were higher than the proposed cutoffs for sarcopenia. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that the performance on different physical function tests decreases with advancing age in Brazilian adults, following a gender-specific pattern. In none of the tests did the lowest mean values reach the cutoffs for sarcopenia. This suggests that region-specific cutoffs might be necessary to identify older people at risk of adverse events.

19.
Spec Care Dentist ; 41(1): 135-139, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33180959

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study was to describe the successful epilation of intraoral grafts using the diode laser system. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two male patients at a 12-month follow-up - who underwent radical resection of oral cancer located in the mouth floor and tongue followed by reconstruction with cutaneous flap - showed hypertrichosis in the graft region, leading to dysphagia and dysphonia. The diode (980 nm) laser was performed for both cases in order to remove the ectopic hair. Excellent aesthetic and functional outcomes with total hair removal and alteration of the tissue surface were achieved. CONCLUSIONS: There is no currently standard protocol for the laser epilation use on hairy grafts because each graft required a different number of sessions for total epilation. The diode laser system appears to be a successful therapeutic option for patients suffering from hypertrichrosis in the oral cavity.


Assuntos
Remoção de Cabelo , Estética Dentária , Humanos , Lasers Semicondutores/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Transplante de Pele
20.
Exp Gerontol ; 143: 111146, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33166610

RESUMO

Exercise training has been associated with the attenuation of cardiovascular impairment after menopause. This study aimed to compare central and peripheral blood pressure and aortic pulse wave reflection in sedentary and trained (aerobic exercise in the water) hypertensive postmenopausal women. Hypertensive postmenopausal women were divided into sedentary (SED, n = 53) and trained groups (TR, n = 31). Self-reporting from the trained group presented a mean of 1.7 ± 0.3 years of exercise practice in the water. Central blood pressure and amplification indexes (AIx) were obtained by the applanation tonometry of radial and aortic arteries. No changes were observed in systolic blood pressure (SBP) in the TR group than the SED group; however, office diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was reduced compared to the SED group. Central blood pressure and augmentation index (AIx@75%) values were similar in the SED and TR groups. These data suggest that self-reported long-term exercise training in the water could not improve central hemodynamic variables in postmenopausal hypertensive women compared to sedentary ones. However, it should be emphasized that DBP levels were reduced in trained subjects, which might reduce cardiovascular outcomes.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Pós-Menopausa , Pressão Sanguínea , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Análise de Onda de Pulso , Água
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