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1.
Reprod Biomed Online ; 39(5): 785-794, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31540845

RESUMO

RESEARCH QUESTION: Does systemic oxidative stress occur during the early follicular phase of the menstrual cycle in infertile women with minimal (stage I) or mild (stage II) endometriosis? Are serum oxidative stress markers during the early follicular phase of the menstrual cycle good predictors of successful gestation in these women who undergo ovarian stimulation for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)? MATERIALS AND METHODS: A pilot study (prospective case-control study) was conducted in a University Hospital. Serum samples were obtained during the early follicular phase of the natural cycle preceding ovarian stimulation for ICSI of infertile women (with and without stage I and II endometriosis, the latter having male factor infertility). Total hydroperoxides (FOX1), malondialdehyde, advanced oxidation protein products, reduced glutathione, superoxide dismutase, total antioxidant capacity (TAC), 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8OHdG) and vitamin E were analysed in serum from 35 women with stage I or II endometriosis and 60 control women. The accuracy of oxidative stress markers for predicting clinical pregnancy and live births was determined by receiver operator characteristic curves. RESULTS: Women with stage I and II endometriosis showed lower serum 8OHdG concentrations (16.02 ng/ml) compared with the control group (22.08 ng/ml). The best predictor for clinical pregnancy and live births was TAC, whereas FOX1 was the best predictor of clinical pregnancy in the control group. CONCLUSIONS: Infertile women with stage I and II endometriosis present systemic oxidative stress during the early follicular phase of the menstrual cycle. Some oxidative stress markers were good predictors of clinical pregnancy and live births after ICSI. Serum TAC was predictive of clinical pregnancy and live births after ICSI in women with stage I or II endometriosis.

2.
JBRA Assist Reprod ; 23(4): 418-429, 2019 10 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30969739

RESUMO

Advances in the early diagnosis and treatment of cancer have reduced mortality rates and improved patient survival. For this reason, professionals from different areas have strived to implement actions to increase patient quality-of-life during and after cancer treatment. Among these measures, integral attention in reproductive health is one of the main points for the inclusion, safety, and autonomy of female patients. The approach to fertility in these cases should include counseling on fertility preservation and contraceptive options. Oocyte/embryo freezing is an effective technique that does not delay the start of cancer treatment, since controlled ovarian stimulation can be initiated at any stage of the menstrual cycle. At the same time, contraceptive counseling should be conducted based on the eligibility criteria established by the World Health Organization and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. However, there is still a lack of studies on (i) the suitability of contraceptives to patients of reproductive age with relatively frequent tumors (lymphoma, leukemia, bone cancer), and (ii) the use of contraceptive concurrently with chemotherapeutic agents. Therefore, the choice of contraceptive method should consider other factors such as tumor type, thrombogenic risk factors linked to cancer/chemotherapy, immunosuppression, blood disorders (thrombocytopenia/anemia), bone mass reduction, metabolic/cardiovascular effects, and drug interaction.

3.
J Glob Oncol ; 4: 1-11, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30241237

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Little is known about oncofertility practice in developing countries that usually suffer from a shortage of health services, especially those related to cancer care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To learn more about oncofertility practice in developing countries, we generated a survey to explore the barriers and opportunities associated with oncofertility practice in five developing countries from Africa and Latin America within our Oncofertility Consortium Global Partners Network. Responses from Egypt, Tunisia, Brazil, Peru, and Panama were collected, reviewed, and discussed. RESULTS: Common barriers were identified by each country, including financial barriers (lack of insurance coverage and high out-of-pocket costs for patients), lack of awareness among providers and patients, cultural and religious constraints, and lack of funding to help to support oncofertility programs. CONCLUSION: Despite barriers to care, many opportunities exist to grow the field of oncofertility in these five developing countries. It is important to continue to engage stakeholders in developing countries and use powerful networks in the United States and other developed countries to aid in the acceptance of oncofertility on a global level.


Assuntos
Fertilidade/genética , Oncologia/métodos , Brasil , Países em Desenvolvimento , Egito , Humanos , Panamá , Peru , Projetos Piloto , Tunísia
4.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 39(11): 614-621, Nov. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-898845

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose The present study aimed to evaluate the impact of vitrification on the viability of follicles using a three-dimensional (3D) in vitro culture. Methods Bovine ovarian tissue samples (n = 5) obtained from slaughterhouses were utilized. The cortex was cut into small fragments of 2 x 3 x 0.5 mm using a tissue slicer. From these fragments, secondary follicles were first isolated by mechanical and enzymatic methods, then encapsulated in alginate gel and individually cultured for 20 days. Additional fragments of the same ovarian tissue were vitrified in a solution containing 25% glycerol and 25% ethylene glycol. After warming, the follicles underwent the same follicular isolation process that was performed for the fresh follicles. Results A total of 61 follicles were isolated, 51 from fresh ovarian tissue, and 10 from vitrified tissue. After the culture, the vitrified and fresh follicles showed 20% and 43.1% survival rates respectively (p = 0.290),with no significant differences. At the end of the culture, therewere no significant differences in follicular diameter between the vitrified (422.93 ± 85.05 μm) and fresh (412.99 ± 102.55 μm) groups (p = 0.725). Fresh follicles showed higher mean rate of antrum formation when compared with vitrified follicles (47.1% and 20.0% respectively), but without significant difference (p = 0.167). Conclusions The follicles were able to develop, grow and form antrum in the 3D system after vitrification, despite the lower results obtained with the fresh tissue.


Resumo Objetivo O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o impacto da vitrificação na viabilidade dos folículos utilizando a cultura in vitro tridimensional (3D). Métodos Foi utilizado tecido ovariano bovino (n = 5) obtido de abatedouros. O córtex foi cortado em pequenos fragmentos de 2 x 3 x 0,5 mm, utilizando o tissue slicer e a partir destes fragmentos foram isolados folículos secundários por meio de método enzimático e mecânico, encapsulados em gel de alginato e cultivados individualmente durante 20 dias. Outros fragmentos do mesmo tecido ovariano foram vitrificados em solução contendo 25% de glicerol e 25% de etilenoglicol. Após aquecimento, os folículos passaram pelo mesmo processo de isolamento folicular realizado a fresco. Resultados Foram isolados 61 folículos, sendo 51 originários de tecido ovariano a fresco, e 10 de tecido vitrificado. Após a cultura, os folículos vitrificados apresentaram taxa de sobrevida de 20%, e o grupo a fresco apresentou taxa de 43,1% (p = 0,290). O diâmetro folicular ao final da cultura também não apresentou diferença significativa entre o grupo vitrificado (422,93 ± 85,05 μm) e a fresco (412,99 ± 102,55 μm) (p = 0,725). Os folículos a fresco apresentarammaior taxa média de formação de antro do que os folículos vitrificados (47,1% e 20,0%, respectivamente), mas sem diferença significativa (p = 0,167). Conclusões Os folículos foram capazes de se desenvolver, crescer e formar antro em sistema 3D após a vitrificação.

5.
Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet ; 39(11): 614-621, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28859209

RESUMO

Purpose The present study aimed to evaluate the impact of vitrification on the viability of follicles using a three-dimensional (3D) in vitro culture. Methods Bovine ovarian tissue samples (n = 5) obtained from slaughterhouses were utilized. The cortex was cut into small fragments of 2 × 3 × 0.5 mm using a tissue slicer. From these fragments, secondary follicles were first isolated by mechanical and enzymatic methods, then encapsulated in alginate gel and individually cultured for 20 days. Additional fragments of the same ovarian tissue were vitrified in a solution containing 25% glycerol and 25% ethylene glycol. After warming, the follicles underwent the same follicular isolation process that was performed for the fresh follicles. Results A total of 61 follicles were isolated, 51 from fresh ovarian tissue, and 10 from vitrified tissue. After the culture, the vitrified and fresh follicles showed 20% and 43.1% survival rates respectively (p = 0.290), with no significant differences. At the end of the culture, there were no significant differences in follicular diameter between the vitrified (422.93 ± 85.05 µm) and fresh (412.99 ± 102.55 µm) groups (p = 0.725). Fresh follicles showed higher mean rate of antrum formation when compared with vitrified follicles (47.1% and 20.0% respectively), but without significant difference (p = 0.167). Conclusions The follicles were able to develop, grow and form antrum in the 3D system after vitrification, despite the lower results obtained with the fresh tissue.


Assuntos
Folículo Ovariano , Sobrevivência de Tecidos , Animais , Bovinos , Feminino , Ovário , Técnicas de Cultura de Tecidos/métodos , Vitrificação
6.
Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet ; 38(7): 333-9, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27472810

RESUMO

Objective To assess the viability of bovine ovarian tissue after cryopreservation through either slow freezing or vitrification, and to compare it to that of control tissue by performing morphological analyses. Methods The study included 20 bovine ovarian cortex fragments that were divided into control, vitrification, and slow freezing groups. Each group consisted of four fragments of the same ovary, two fixed without cultivation, and two fixed with cultivation. Tissues were evaluated based on follicular morphology immediately after heating and after 7 days of culture, and compared with the control group. Results A total of 240 fragments were analyzed, generating a sample of 1,344 follicles without cultivation and 552 with cultivation. When the non-cultivated samples were classified as non-atretic follicles, 572 were found in the control group, 289 in the vitrification group, and 373 in the slow freezing group, showing no significant differences. When classified as atretic, 46 follicles were found in the control group, 23 in the vitrification group, and 41 in the slow freezing group, also showing no statistical difference. In the post-culture sample, an evolution of the follicular stages could be observed. This finding was important to support that the follicles considered non-atretic in the non-cultivated group were actually viable in the morphological evaluation. Conclusion With no differences between the protocols, vitrification was shown to be an advanced and alternative method for patients who will undergo treatments that carry the risk of ovarian failure, as the method is less expensive, faster, and more adaptable to laboratory routine.


Assuntos
Criopreservação/métodos , Congelamento , Ovário , Sobrevivência de Tecidos , Vitrificação , Animais , Bovinos , Feminino , Modelos Animais
7.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 23(4)out.-dez. 2013.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-704943

RESUMO

Com o aumento do diagnóstico de câncer em mulheres jovens e os avanços no seu tratamento, muitas pacientes que poderão ter sua fertilidade comprometida com a quimioterapia têm manifestado desejo de engravidar futuramente. O congelamento de embriões, após fertilização in vitro, para preservar a fertilidade está bem estabelecido. A criopreservação de oócitos por vitrificação evoluiu bastante nos últimos anos, deixando de ser experimental. Até 2009 nasceram mais de 900 crianças a partir de oócitos criopreservados, sem aumento do risco de anomalias congênitas. O uso de análogos do GnRH para a supressão ovariana durante a quimioterapia na tentativa de prevenir a falência ovariana prematura apresenta resultados incertos. Outras técnicas ainda são consideradas experimentais, como a criopreservação e posterior autotransplante de tecido ovariano. Já foram relatados 24 nascimentos com o seu uso, persistindo, entretanto, dúvidas que motivam o seu estudo. A maturação de folículos ovarianos in vitro é alternativa promissora para preservação da fertilidade nessas pacientes e tem apresentado resultados positivos em roedores, macacos e humanos. Muita cautela deve ser tomada com o uso de técnicas experimentais, especialmente quando oferecidas para pacientes diante de fragilidade emocional. Por isso, é importante transmitir corretamente informações sobre chances de gravidez com tratamentos existentes e as limitações das técnicas experimentais...


With the increased number of cancer diagnoses among young women and the advances in treatment, many patients who may have had their fertility compromised by chemotherapy express desire to become pregnant in the future. Freezing embryos for later IVF so as to preserve fertility is a well established process. Oocyte cryopreservation by vitrification has evolved greatly in recent years and is no longer considered experimental. By 2009 more than 900 children were born from cryopreserved oocytes, without increased risk of congenital anomalies. The preventive use of GnRH analogues for ovarian suppression during chemotherapy to avoid premature ovarian failure has uncertain outcomes. Other techniques such as cryopreservation of ovarian tissue for later autograft are still considered experimental. Although use has already been reported in 24 births, doubts still persist and motivate further study. In vitro maturation of ovarian follicles is a promising alternative for preserving patient fertility and has shown positive results in rodents, monkeys, andhumans. Caution should be used with experimental techniques, especially when offered to emotionally fragile patients. Therefore it is important to thoroughly convey information on the chances of pregnancy with existing treatments and the limitations of experimental techniques...


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Criopreservação , Preservação da Fertilidade/métodos , Técnicas de Maturação in Vitro de Oócitos , Oócitos
8.
Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet ; 32(6): 279-85, 2010 Jun.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20945013

RESUMO

PURPOSE: to compare serum markers of oxidative stress between infertile patients with and without endometriosis and to assess the association of these markers with disease staging. METHODS: this was a prospective study conducted on 112 consecutive infertile, non-obese patients younger than 39 years, divided into two groups: Endometriosis (n=48, 26 with minimal and mild endometriosis - Stage I/II, and 22 with moderate and severe endometriosis - Stage III/IV) and Control (n=64, with tubal and/or male factor infertility). Blood samples were collected during the early follicular phase of the menstrual cycle for the analysis of serum malondialdehyde, glutathione and total hydroxyperoxide levels by spectrophotometry and of vitamin E by high performance liquid chromatography. The results were compared between the endometriosis and control groups, stage I/II endometriosis and control, stage III/IV endometriosis and control, and between the two endometriosis subgroups. The level of significance was set at 5% (p < 0.05) in all analyses. RESULTS: vitamin E and glutathione levels were lower in the serum of infertile women with moderate/severe endometriosis (21.7 ± 6.0 mMol/L and 159.6 ± 77.2 nMol/g protein, respectively) compared to women with minimal and mild endometriosis (28.3 ± 14.4 mMol/L and 199.6 ± 56.1 nMol/g protein, respectively). Total hydroxyperoxide levels were significantly higher in the endometriosis group (8.9 ± 1.8 µMol/g protein) than in the Control Group (8.0 ± 2 µMol/g protein) and among patients with stage III/IV disease (9.7 ± 2.3 µMol/g protein) compared to patients with stage I/II disease (8.2 ± 1.0 µMol/g protein). No significant differences in serum malondialdehyde levels were observed between groups. CONCLUSIONS: we demonstrated a positive association between infertility related to endometriosis, advanced disease stage and increased serum hydroxyperoxide levels, suggesting an increased production of reactive species in women with endometriosis. These data, taken together with the reduction of serum vitamin E and glutathione levels, suggest the occurrence of systemic oxidative stress in women with infertility associated with endometriosis. The reproductive and metabolic implications of oxidative stress should be assessed in future studies.


Assuntos
Endometriose/metabolismo , Infertilidade Feminina/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Endometriose/sangue , Endometriose/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Infertilidade Feminina/sangue , Infertilidade Feminina/complicações , Estudos Prospectivos
9.
Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet ; 32(3): 118-25, 2010 Mar.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20512258

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the serum levels of five markers of oxidative stress and assisted reproduction (AR) outcomes among infertile patients, with tubal and/or male factor and with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: 70 patients were included, 58 with tubal and/or male factor infertility and 12 with PCOS, who underwent controlled ovarian stimulation to perform intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). A blood sample was collected between the third and fifth day of the menstrual cycle in the month prior to ovarian stimulation. We analyzed the levels of malondialdehyde, hydroperoxides, protein oxidation products, glutathione and vitamin E, by reading the absorbance with a spectrophotometer and by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Data were analyzed statistically by the Student's t-test and Fisher's exact test. RESULTS: Significant increases in the body mass index, ovarian volume and number of antral follicles were observed in PCOS patients, as well as the use of a lower total dose of follicle stimulating hormone for these patients. There were no differences in the response to ovarian stimulation, in the results of AR or serum levels of malondialdehyde, hydroperoxides, advanced oxidation protein products, glutathione and vitamin E between groups. CONCLUSIONS: The present data did not demonstrate a difference in the levels of serum markers of oxidative stress or in AR results when comparing non-obese infertile patients with PCOS and controls. These data suggest that the results of AR may not be compromised in this specific subgroup of patients with PCOS. However, interpretations of the action of oxidative stress on the results of AR are still not clear and the reproductive implications of oxidative stress need to be better evaluated.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Feminina/sangue , Estresse Oxidativo , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/sangue , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Infertilidade Feminina/metabolismo , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/metabolismo , Estudos Prospectivos
10.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 32(6): 279-285, jun. 2010. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-560719

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: comparar marcadores séricos de estresse oxidativo entre pacientes inférteis com e sem endometriose e avaliar a associação destes marcadores com o estadiamento da doença. MÉTODOS: estudo prospectivo envolvendo a inclusão consecutiva de 112 pacientes inférteis, não-obesas, com idade inferior a 39 anos, divididas em dois grupos: Endometriose (n=48, sendo 26 com endometriose mínima e leve - Estádio I/II e 22 com endometriose moderada e grave - Estádio III/IV) e Controle (n=64, com fator tubário e/ou masculino de infertilidade). Durante a fase folicular precoce do ciclo menstrual, foram coletadas amostras sanguíneas para análise dos níveis séricos de malondialdeído, glutationa e níveis totais de hidroperóxidos, por espectrofotometria e vitamina E, por cromatografia líquida de alto desempenho. Os resultados obtidos foram comparados da seguinte forma: os grupos endometriose versus controle; endometriose estádio I/II e controle, endometriose estádio III/IV e controle e entre os dois subgrupos de endometriose. Em todas as análises, foi considerado o nível de significância de 5 por cento (p<0,05). RESULTADOS: os níveis de vitamina E e glutationa foram mais baixos no soro de mulheres inférteis com endometriose moderada/grave (21,7±6,0 µMol/L e 159,6±77,2 nMol/g proteína, respectivamente) quando comparadas a mulheres com endometriose mínima e leve (28,3±14,4 µMol/L e 199,6±56,1 nMol/g proteína, respectivamente). Os níveis totais de hidroperóxidos foram significativamente mais elevados no grupo endometriose (8,9±1,8 µMol/g proteína) em relação ao Grupo Controle (8,0±2 µMol/g proteína) e nas portadoras de doença III/IV (9,7±2,3 µMol/g proteína) em relação à I/II (8,2±1,0 µMol/g proteína). Não se observou diferença significativa nos níveis séricos de malondialdeído entre os diversos grupos. CONCLUSÕES: foi evidenciada uma associação positiva entre infertilidade relacionada à endometriose, avanço do estadiamento da doença e aumento dos níveis séricos de hidroperóxidos, sugerindo aumento da produção de espécies reativas em portadoras de endometriose. Esses dados, associados à redução dos níveis séricos de vitamina E e glutationa, sugerem a ocorrência de estresse oxidativo sistêmico em portadoras de infertilidade associada à endometriose.


PURPOSE: to compare serum markers of oxidative stress between infertile patients with and without endometriosis and to assess the association of these markers with disease staging. METHODS: this was a prospective study conducted on 112 consecutive infertile, non-obese patients younger than 39 years, divided into two groups: Endometriosis (n=48, 26 with minimal and mild endometriosis - Stage I/II, and 22 with moderate and severe endometriosis - Stage III/IV) and Control (n=64, with tubal and/or male factor infertility). Blood samples were collected during the early follicular phase of the menstrual cycle for the analysis of serum malondialdehyde, glutathione and total hydroxyperoxide levels by spectrophotometry and of vitamin E by high performance liquid chromatography. The results were compared between the endometriosis and control groups, stage I/II endometriosis and control, stage III/IV endometriosis and control, and between the two endometriosis subgroups. The level of significance was set at 5 percent (p<0.05) in all analyses. RESULTS: vitamin E and glutathione levels were lower in the serum of infertile women with moderate/severe endometriosis (21.7±6.0 mMol/L and 159.6±77.2 nMol/g protein, respectively) compared to women with minimal and mild endometriosis (28.3±14.4 mMol/L and 199.6±56.1 nMol/g protein, respectively). Total hydroxyperoxide levels were significantly higher in the endometriosis group (8.9±1.8 µMol/g protein) than in the Control Group (8.0±2 µMol/g protein) and among patients with stage III/IV disease (9.7±2.3 µMol/g protein) compared to patients with stage I/II disease (8.2±1.0 µMol/g protein). No significant differences in serum malondialdehyde levels were observed between groups. CONCLUSIONS: we demonstrated a positive association between infertility related to endometriosis, advanced disease stage and increased serum hydroxyperoxide levels, suggesting an increased production of reactive species in women with endometriosis. These data, taken together with the reduction of serum vitamin E and glutathione levels, suggest the occurrence of systemic oxidative stress in women with infertility associated with endometriosis. The reproductive and metabolic implications of oxidative stress should be assessed in future studies.


Assuntos
Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Endometriose/metabolismo , Infertilidade Feminina/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Biomarcadores/sangue , Endometriose/sangue , Endometriose/complicações , Infertilidade Feminina/sangue , Infertilidade Feminina/complicações , Estudos Prospectivos
11.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 32(3): 118-125, mar. 2010. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-547537

RESUMO

Objetivo: comparar os níveis séricos de cinco marcadores de estresse oxidativo e os resultados de reprodução assistida (RA), entre pacientes com infertilidade por fator tubário e/ou masculino e portadoras de síndrome dos ovários policísticos (SOP). Métodos: foram inclusos 70 pacientes, sendo 58 com infertilidade por fator tubário e/ou masculino e 12 com SOP, que foram submetidas à estimulação ovariana controlada para realização de injeção intracitoplasmática de espermatozoide (ICSI). A coleta de sangue foi realizada entre o terceiro e o quinto dia do ciclo menstrual, no mês anterior à realização da estimulação ovariana. Foram analisados os níveis de malondialdeído, hidroperóxidos, produtos de oxidação proteica, glutationa e vitamina E, pela leitura da absorbância em espectrofotômetro e por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência (HPLC). Para a análise estatística, utilizou-se o teste t de Student e o teste exato de Fisher. Resultados: entre as pacientes com SOP, foi constatado maior índice de massa corporal, volume ovariano e número de folículos antrais e uma menor dose total utilizada de hormônio folículo estimulante. Não observamos diferença em relação à resposta à estimulação ovariana, aos resultados de RA e aos níveis séricos de malondialdeído, hidroperóxidos, produtos de oxidação proteica, glutationa e vitamina E entre os grupos. Conclusões: no estudo não evidenciamos diferença entre os níveis séricos de marcadores de estresse oxidativo, nem nos resultados de RA, comparando pacientes inférteis não-obesas com SOP e controles. Estes dados sugerem que, neste subgrupo específico de portadoras de SOP, os resultados de RA não estejam comprometidos. Todavia, as interpretações acerca da ação do estresse oxidativo sobre os resultados de RA ainda não estão claras e as implicações reprodutivas do estresse oxidativo precisam ser mais bem avaliadas.


Purpose: to compare the serum levels of five markers of oxidative stress and assisted reproduction (AR) outcomes among infertile patients, with tubal and/or male factor and with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Methods: 70 patients were included, 58 with tubal and/or male factor infertility and 12 with PCOS, who underwent controlled ovarian stimulation to perform intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). A blood sample was collected between the third and fifth day of the menstrual cycle in the month prior to ovarian stimulation. We analyzed the levels of malondialdehyde, hydroperoxides, protein oxidation products, glutathione and vitamin E, by reading the absorbance with a spectrophotometer and by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Data were analyzed statistically by the Student's t-test and Fisher's exact test. Results: significant increases in the body mass index, ovarian volume and number of antral follicles were observed in PCOS patients, as well as the use of a lower total dose of follicle stimulating hormone for these patients. There were no differences in the response to ovarian stimulation, in the results of AR or serum levels of malondialdehyde, hydroperoxides, advanced oxidation protein products, glutathione and vitamin E between groups. Conclusions: the present data did not demonstrate a difference in the levels of serum markers of oxidative stress or in AR results when comparing non-obese infertile patients with PCOS and controls. These data suggest that the results of AR may not be compromised in this specific subgroup of patients with PCOS. However, interpretations of the action of oxidative stress on the results of AR are still not clear and the reproductive implications of oxidative stress need to be better evaluated.


Assuntos
Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Infertilidade Feminina/sangue , Estresse Oxidativo , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/sangue , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida , Biomarcadores/sangue , Infertilidade Feminina/metabolismo , Estudos Prospectivos , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/metabolismo
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