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Spec Care Dentist ; 2022 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35965388


OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop and validate a questionnaire to detect signs of temporomandibular disorders (TMD), verifying whether the perception of signs observed by caregivers of non-verbal autistic children are the same as those observed by caregivers of verbal ones. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, exploratory and analytical study. The sample consisted of forty individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), thirty non-verbal and ten verbal, besides their respective caregivers. For this, an experimental questionnaire was applied and compared to the European Academy of Orofacial Pain (EAOP) questionnaire, which is already validated and widely used throughout the world. All responses were compared using the chi-square test and the questionnaires were compared with the McNemar test, considering p < .05. RESULTS: When comparing the number of coincident responses to the questionnaire between caregivers and children, the mean was 8.2 ± 1.61 responses. After performing the binomial test, no statistically significant discrepancy was found between the results of the two tests adopted when the questionnaires were compared (Mc Nemar test, p > .05) CONCLUSION: The development of this questionnaire and its validation serve as a support for health professionals in the TMD area, for the detection of TMD in non-verbal autistic children, providing them and their caregivers, who are faced with several difficulties in their day-by-day, a facilitating instrument.

Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35692573


Introduction: Considering oral rehabilitation with dental implants, many studies have aimed at improving bone regeneration through the use of biomaterials. Objective: This study aimed at comparing bone neoformation in patients undergoing bilateral maxillary sinus surgery with two bovine biomaterials. Materials and Methods: This is a randomized, blinded, clinical crossover, and divided mouth study. Ten participants with an indication of maxillary sinus enlargement were selected and underwent surgical treatment with Bio-Oss® graft biomaterial (graft 1) on one side and Lumina-Porous® graft biomaterial (graft 2) on the other. The samples were collected after nine months and fixed and then decalcified in 10% ethylenediamine tetra-acetic acid (EDTA) solution for 30 days to process and make histological slides. Connective and bone tissue were further analyzed to identify the amount of newly formed bone. Results: The graft 1 group had a greater formation of vital mineralized tissue when compared to the graft 2 group (p = 0.01). For nonvital mineralized tissue and amount of connective tissue, there was no statistical difference (p = 0.21 and p = 0.09, respectively). The medullary spaces were larger in the graft 2 group. The group treated with graft 1 presented a higher percentage of osteoclasts and viable osteocytes compared to the graft 2 group (p = 0.014 and p = 0.027, respectively). Conclusion: Every day, new alternative biomaterials are offered as an option in oral rehabilitation. In this study, both treatments induced bone neoformation after 9 months; however, the group treated with Bio-Oss® showed a higher percentage of vital mineralized bone tissue.

Eur J Dent ; 12(1): 144-148, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29657540


Objectives: The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) and to investigate whether an association exists between the presence of TMD symptoms and the degree of MS-related disability. Materials and Methods: In all, 120 individuals were evaluated: 60 patients with a diagnosis of relapsing-remitting MS and 60 age- and sex-matched controls without neurological impairments. A questionnaire recommended by the European Academy of Craniomandibular Disorders for the assessment of TMD symptoms was administered. For those who answered affirmatively to at least one of the questions, the RDC/TMD Axis I instrument was used for a possible classification of TMD subtypes. The Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) was the measure of the degree of MS-related disability. Statistical Analysis Used: Fisher's exact test was used to analyze the data. ANOVA was used to detect significant differences between means and to assess whether the factors influenced any of the dependent variables by comparing means from the different groups. Results: The prevalence of TMD symptoms in patients with MS was 61.7% versus 18.3% in the control group (CG). A diagnosis of TMD was established for 36.7% in the MS group and 3.3% in the CG (P = 0.0001). There were statistically significant differences between degrees of MS-related disability and the prevalence of TMD (P = 0.0288). Conclusions: The prevalence of both TMD and TMD symptoms was significantly greater in the MS group. EDSS scores and TMD prevalence rates were inversely related.

RGO (Porto Alegre) ; 62(1)jan.-mar. 2014. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-712094


Objective: The present research aims to evaluate the calibration of digital palpation pressure as well as to assess the inter-examiner variation and mean pressure used by a sample consisting of 56 professionals of the TMJ disorders and Orofacial Pain area. Methods: Each participant was asked to press a digital balance to approach 1.0 kg and subsequently 0.5 kg without seeing the display, in order to obtain a blind data. The values of 1.0 kg and 0.5 kg are recommended by the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorder in the refined Axis I, the Physical Assessment. Participants were considered calibrated when they applied the correct pressure in at least 4 of the 5 measurement taken; within a 20% variation interval (pressures between 0.4 and 0.6 kg were acceptable for the reference value of 0.5 kg and between 0.8 and 1.2 kg for the reference value of 1.0kg). The t-student test was used to analyze data (p?0.05). Results: 70% of the sample was classified as non- calibrated for the 0.5 kg pressure while 57% were not calibrated for the 1.0 kg pressure. The mean inter-examiner variations, 0.3 kg for the pressure set at 0.5kg and 0.6 kg for the pressure set at 1.0 kg, were considered high. Conclusion: The mean pressures applied by participants (0.7 kg for joint palpation and 1.4 kg for muscle palpation) were also considered high in comparison with those recommended by the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorder, but acceptable according to the tendency of applying higher values of 1.0 - 1.5 kg, as proven by recent study.

Objetivo: Avaliar a calibra��o da for�a de palpa��o digital, bem como determinar a varia��o intra-examinador e a for�a m�dia aplicada por uma amostra composta de 56 profissionais que atuam na especialidade de disfun��o temporomandibular e dor orofacial. M�todos: Foi solicitado a cada participante que pressionasse o centro de uma balan�a digital, sem visualizar o display, o valor que acreditasse ser correspondente � 1,0 kg e, posteriormente, a 0,5 kg, recomendados pelo protocolo de exame f�sico do Eixo I do Consortium, the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders. Foram considerados calibrados aqueles que aplicassem a for�a correta, aceitando-se uma varia��o de 20% (entre 0,4 e 0,6 kg para o menor valor e 0,8 a 1.2 kg para o maior valor), em 4 das 5 aferi��es realizadas. Na an�lise dos dados foi utilizado o teste t de Student (p?0,05). Resultados: 70% da amostra foi classificada como n�o calibrada para a for�a de 0,5 kg e 57% n�o calibrada para 1,0 kg. A varia��o m�dia intraexaminador de 0,3 kg para o peso de 0,5 kg e 0,6 kg para o de 1,0 kg foram consideradas altas. Conclus�o: A for�a m�dia aplicada pelos participantes (0,7 kg para palpa��o articular e 1.4 kg para palpa��o muscular) foi maior que o recomendado pelo Consortium, the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders, entretanto encontra-se de acordo com a tend�ncia em aplicar valores mais altos entre 1,0 e 1,5 kg, validado em estudo recente.

J Orofac Pain ; 27(3): 271-5, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23882460


AIMS: To translate the Pictorial Representation of Illness and Self Measure (PRISM) instrument from German to Portuguese (Brazilian) and adapt it to the Brazilian cultural context, and then assess its reliability and validity in orofacial pain patients. METHODS: The PRISM was translated to Portuguese then back-translated to German. The translated PRISM was evaluated by a multidisciplinary committee and administered as a pre-test to 30 Portuguese-speaking orofacial pain patients. Psychometric properties were obtained after testing 116 orofacial pain patients. Validity was obtained through correlation analyses of scores obtained from PRISM and other psychometric tests, including the Numerical Pain Scale (NPS), Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD). RESULTS: The adapted instrument showed high levels of reliability, proven by means of the test-retest procedure, and calculation of the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC = 0.991). Significant correlations were found between PRISM and the other tests. Correlation with NPS was moderate (-0.42), whereas correlations with ISI (-0.24), HAD-anxiety (-0.25), and HAD-depression (-0.22) were weak. CONCLUSION: The cross-cultural adaptation process of PRISM was successful and the adapted version offers reliable and valid psychometric properties in the Brazilian context.

Comparação Transcultural , Autoavaliação Diagnóstica , Dor Facial/diagnóstico , Testes Psicológicos , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Dor Facial/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Idioma , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Fotografação , Estudos Prospectivos , Psicometria , Qualidade de Vida , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Estresse Psicológico
J Pain ; 7(12): 929-36, 2006 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17157779


UNLABELLED: The aim of this study was to further validate our carrageenan-induced temporomandibular joint (TMJ) inflammatory hyperalgesia model in rats by showing that administration of indomethacin before the initiation of inflammation would diminish the TMJ hyperalgesia. Using this model, we investigated whether norepinephrine and local beta-adrenoceptors contribute to the development of inflammatory TMJ hyperalgesia. Carrageenan-induced TMJ hyperalgesia was assessed by measuring the behavioral nociceptive responses, such as rubbing the orofacial region and flinching the head, induced by the injection of a low dose of 5-hydroxytryptamine into the TMJ sensitized 1 h before by a TMJ injection of carrageenan. Blockade of prostaglandin synthesis by indomethacin prior to initiation of inflammation by carrageenan significantly attenuated the TMJ hyperalgesia. The guanethidine depletion of norepinephrine or the blockade of beta(2)but not the blockade of the beta(1)-adrenoceptor by the selective adrenoceptor antagonists ICI 118.55 and atenolol, respectively, significantly reduced carrageenan-induced TMJ hyperalgesia. In the present study, we further validated our carrageenan-induced TMJ hyperalgesia model to study the mechanisms involved in inflammatory TMJ hyperalgesia and to test the analgesic effect of different types of peripheral analgesics. We also demonstrated that norepinephrine released at the site of injury contributes to the development of the inflammatory TMJ hyperalgesia by the activation of beta(2)-adrenoceptors. PERSPECTIVE: The findings that local sympathomimetic amines contribute to the inflammatory TMJ hyperalgesia by activating beta(2)-adrenoceptors may be relevant to clinical TMJ inflammatory pain states less sensitive to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Dor Facial/fisiopatologia , Sistema Nervoso Simpático/fisiopatologia , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/fisiopatologia , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/uso terapêutico , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Carragenina , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Interações Medicamentosas , Dor Facial/induzido quimicamente , Dor Facial/tratamento farmacológico , Lateralidade Funcional , Indometacina/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Medição da Dor/métodos , Limiar da Dor/efeitos dos fármacos , Limiar da Dor/fisiologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Tempo de Reação/efeitos dos fármacos , Serotonina/uso terapêutico , Sistema Nervoso Simpático/efeitos dos fármacos , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/induzido quimicamente , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/tratamento farmacológico