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1.
PLoS One ; 17(9): e0269011, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36121796

RESUMO

Population surveillance in COVID-19 Pandemic is crucial to follow up the pace of disease and its related immunological status. Here we present a cross-sectional study done in Maricá, a seaside town close to the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Three rounds of study sampling, enrolling a total of 1134 subjects, were performed during May to August 2021. Here we show that the number of individuals carrying detectable IgG antibodies and the neutralizing antibody (NAb) levels were greater in vaccinated groups compared to unvaccinated ones, highlighting the importance of vaccination to attain noticeable levels of populational immunity against SARS-CoV-2. Moreover, we found a decreased incidence of COVID-19 throughout the study, clearly correlated with the level of vaccinated individuals as well as the proportion of individuals with detectable levels of IgG anti-SARS-CoV-2 and NAb. The observed drop occurred even during the introduction of the Delta variant in Maricá, what suggests that the vaccination slowed down the widespread transmission of this variant. Overall, our data clearly support the use of vaccines to drop the incidence associated to SARS-CoV-2.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Cobertura Vacinal , Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Anticorpos Antivirais , Brasil/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G , Incidência , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Spec Care Dentist ; 2022 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35965388

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop and validate a questionnaire to detect signs of temporomandibular disorders (TMD), verifying whether the perception of signs observed by caregivers of non-verbal autistic children are the same as those observed by caregivers of verbal ones. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, exploratory and analytical study. The sample consisted of forty individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), thirty non-verbal and ten verbal, besides their respective caregivers. For this, an experimental questionnaire was applied and compared to the European Academy of Orofacial Pain (EAOP) questionnaire, which is already validated and widely used throughout the world. All responses were compared using the chi-square test and the questionnaires were compared with the McNemar test, considering p < .05. RESULTS: When comparing the number of coincident responses to the questionnaire between caregivers and children, the mean was 8.2 ± 1.61 responses. After performing the binomial test, no statistically significant discrepancy was found between the results of the two tests adopted when the questionnaires were compared (Mc Nemar test, p > .05) CONCLUSION: The development of this questionnaire and its validation serve as a support for health professionals in the TMD area, for the detection of TMD in non-verbal autistic children, providing them and their caregivers, who are faced with several difficulties in their day-by-day, a facilitating instrument.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35692573

RESUMO

Introduction: Considering oral rehabilitation with dental implants, many studies have aimed at improving bone regeneration through the use of biomaterials. Objective: This study aimed at comparing bone neoformation in patients undergoing bilateral maxillary sinus surgery with two bovine biomaterials. Materials and Methods: This is a randomized, blinded, clinical crossover, and divided mouth study. Ten participants with an indication of maxillary sinus enlargement were selected and underwent surgical treatment with Bio-Oss® graft biomaterial (graft 1) on one side and Lumina-Porous® graft biomaterial (graft 2) on the other. The samples were collected after nine months and fixed and then decalcified in 10% ethylenediamine tetra-acetic acid (EDTA) solution for 30 days to process and make histological slides. Connective and bone tissue were further analyzed to identify the amount of newly formed bone. Results: The graft 1 group had a greater formation of vital mineralized tissue when compared to the graft 2 group (p = 0.01). For nonvital mineralized tissue and amount of connective tissue, there was no statistical difference (p = 0.21 and p = 0.09, respectively). The medullary spaces were larger in the graft 2 group. The group treated with graft 1 presented a higher percentage of osteoclasts and viable osteocytes compared to the graft 2 group (p = 0.014 and p = 0.027, respectively). Conclusion: Every day, new alternative biomaterials are offered as an option in oral rehabilitation. In this study, both treatments induced bone neoformation after 9 months; however, the group treated with Bio-Oss® showed a higher percentage of vital mineralized bone tissue.

4.
J Dent Child (Chic) ; 87(2): 103-109, 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32788004

RESUMO

Purpose: To evaluate the prevalence of signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in children and the impact on their oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL).
Methods: Data were collected by means of a questionnaire to evaluate the presence of TMD symptoms in eight to 10-year-old children. For those who answered at least one of the four questions in a positive manner, a clinical exam was done to confirm the diagnosis. The Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ8-10) was applied to evaluate the OHRQoL. Poisson regression was used to associate the total scores and individual domains of the CPQ8-10 with sociodemographic factors and clinical conditions.
Results: A total of 245 children participated in this cross-sectional study. One hundred and twenty-one (49.4 percent) were diagnosed with TMD; 57.9 percent were females and 42.1 percent were males. Children with a diagnosis of disc displacement with reduction had a negative impact on the domain of functional limitations (rate ratio=2.61, 95 percent confidence interval=1.19 to 5.75, P =0.017).
Conclusion: The prevalence of signs and symptoms of TMD was high in our sample, and signs and symptoms of TMD had a negative impact on children's OHRQoL in the domain of functional limitations.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Brasil , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
BrJP ; 3(2): 153-157, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132002

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Burning mouth syndrome is a dysfunctional state affecting physical, mental and social welfare, often contributing to chronic stress conditions. Despite the lack of objective data, patients experience pain-related discomfort with impact in their daily life. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of burning mouth syndrome on pain perception and quality of life. METHODS: A cross-sectional, observational, case-controlled study was performed on 76 individuals (38 in each group). The groups were sex- and age-matched. The Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) questionnaire was used to assess any changes in the quality of life. The visual analog scale was used to assess pain impact and intensity, as well as the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS). The effect of sex and other risk factors associated with burning mouth syndrome were also associated. RESULTS: The age of participants was 41 to 85 years. The patients had a negative impact on quality of life with respect to all dimensions of OHIP-14 and PCS domains. Burning mouth syndrome patients complained about moderate (58%) or intense (42%) pain, while the control group participants experienced only mild pain by visual analog scale. The prevalence was predominant in females (a ratio of 3:1), and the most site involved was the tongue. Menopause, hormonal changes, and gastritis were identified as major risk factors. CONCLUSION: Burning mouth syndrome patients had significantly higher PCS and OHIP-14 scores for all domains, indicating an interaction between a higher burden of pain perception and worse quality of life which should therefore be adequately assessed, characterized and managed.


RESUMO JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A síndrome de ardência bucal é um estado disfuncional que afeta o bem-estar físico, mental e social, contribuindo para condições de estresse crônico. Apesar da ausência de dados objetivos, os pacientes experimentam desconforto relacionado à dor com impacto na vida diária. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o impacto da síndrome da boca ardente na percepção da dor e na qualidade de vida. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um estudo transversal, observacional e caso-controle em 76 indivíduos, 38 em cada grupo, pareados por gênero e idade. Foram utilizados o questionário Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) para avaliar mudanças na qualidade de vida, a escala analógica visual para o impacto e intensidade da dor e a Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS). Foi avaliado também o efeito do sexo, idade e outros fatores de risco associados à síndrome de ardência bucal. RESULTADOS: A idade dos participantes foi de 41 a 85 anos. A síndrome de ardência bucal teve um impacto negativo na qualidade de vida em todas as dimensões dos domínios OHIP-14 e PCS. Cinquenta e oito por cento dos pacientes se queixaram de dor moderada e 42% de dor intensa, enquanto os controles experimentaram apenas dor leve pela escala analógica visual. A prevalência foi predominante no sexo feminino (3:1), e a língua foi o local envolvido mais comum. Menopausa, alterações hormonais e gastrite foram os maiores fatores de risco. CONCLUSÃO: Os pacientes com síndrome de ardência bucal apresentaram escores PCS e OHIP-14 mais altos para todos os domínios, indicando uma interação entre maior carga de percepção da dor e pior qualidade de vida, o que deve ser mais bem avaliado, caracterizado e gerenciado.

7.
Rev. Salusvita (Online) ; 38(4): 843-859, 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087604

RESUMO

Introdução: Na efetivação do Sistema Único de Saúde observamse propostas e regulamentações que visam normalizar o acesso aos serviços de saúde e o processo de trabalho dos profissionais. Entre essas propostas, encontram-se a descentralização das funções e a regulação do sistema de saúde, entendida como alternativa assistencial que estabelece a relação entre a gestão e a atenção à saúde. Nesse contexto, a regulação de leitos compreende uma estratégia capaz de adequar os fluxos e os processos de trabalho nos serviços de saúde. Objetivo: Este estudo buscou compreender as repercussões da regulação de leitos no processo de trabalho de enfermeiros. Método: Foram realizadas 13 entrevistas com enfermeiros que vivenciaram a implantação de um núcleo interno de regulação de leitos em um complexo assistencial do interior de São Paulo. Resultado e Discussão: A análise do material possibilitou a extração de duas temáticas: "o contexto histórico de inserção do enfermeiro na regulação de leitos hospitalares" e "as repercussões da implementação da regulação de leitos no processo de trabalho dos enfermeiros". Conclusão: Na compreensão dos participantes a implantação do núcleo propiciou a desconstrução da distribuição de leitos como uma ação técnica e operacional exclusiva do enfermeiro, impactando positivamente no seu processo de trabalho, na macro e na microgestão dos leitos hospitalares.


Introduction: Upon the implantation of the Sistema Único de Saúde (Brazilian Unified Health System), it is possible to observe proposals and regulations which aim to normalize the access to health services and their professional's work process. Among these proposals, there is the decentralization of the functions and regulations of the health system, which is viewed as an alternative that establishes a relation between management and health care. Thus, the hospital beds regulation is a strategy capable of regulating the influx and work processes in the healthcare. Objective: This study aimed to understand the repercussion of the regulation of hospital beds on the nurses' work process. Methods: We interviewed 13 nurses that experienced the implantation of an inner core of hospital beds regulation in the countryside of São Paulo. Results and Discussion: Two themes arose from the analysis of the material: "the historical context of the nurse among the bed regulation in hospitals" and "the repercussion of the regulation of hospital beds on the nurses' work process". Conclusion: The participants reported the implantation of the core allowed a deconstruction of the bed distribution as a technical and operational activity that was exclusive to the nurse, positively impacting on their work process and on the macro and micromanagement of the hospital beds.


Assuntos
Número de Leitos em Hospital , Conversão de Leitos , Administração Hospitalar
8.
Eur J Dent ; 12(1): 144-148, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29657540

RESUMO

Objectives: The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) and to investigate whether an association exists between the presence of TMD symptoms and the degree of MS-related disability. Materials and Methods: In all, 120 individuals were evaluated: 60 patients with a diagnosis of relapsing-remitting MS and 60 age- and sex-matched controls without neurological impairments. A questionnaire recommended by the European Academy of Craniomandibular Disorders for the assessment of TMD symptoms was administered. For those who answered affirmatively to at least one of the questions, the RDC/TMD Axis I instrument was used for a possible classification of TMD subtypes. The Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) was the measure of the degree of MS-related disability. Statistical Analysis Used: Fisher's exact test was used to analyze the data. ANOVA was used to detect significant differences between means and to assess whether the factors influenced any of the dependent variables by comparing means from the different groups. Results: The prevalence of TMD symptoms in patients with MS was 61.7% versus 18.3% in the control group (CG). A diagnosis of TMD was established for 36.7% in the MS group and 3.3% in the CG (P = 0.0001). There were statistically significant differences between degrees of MS-related disability and the prevalence of TMD (P = 0.0288). Conclusions: The prevalence of both TMD and TMD symptoms was significantly greater in the MS group. EDSS scores and TMD prevalence rates were inversely related.

9.
J Oral Facial Pain Headache ; 30(2): 134-8, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27128477

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate the possible relationship between the orthodontic treatment of Class II malocclusion and the development of temporomandibular disorders (TMD). METHODS: A total of 40 patients was evaluated at four time points: the day before the start of treatment employing bilateral Class II elastics (baseline), as well as at 24 hours, 1 week, and 1 month after the start of treatment. The development of TMD pain complaints in the orofacial region and changes in the range of mouth opening were assessed at these times. Shapiro-Wilk, McNemar, and Friedman tests with 5% significance level were used to analyze the data. RESULTS: The treatment produced pain of a transitory, moderate intensity, but there was no significant change from baseline after 1 month. There were no restrictions in the range of jaw motion or any evidence of limitations in mouth opening. CONCLUSION: Orthodontic treatment with bilateral Class II elastics does not cause significant orofacial pain or undesirable changes in the range of mouth opening. Furthermore, this modality of orthodontic treatment was not responsible for inducing TMD.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/etiologia , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Dor Facial/etiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Cefaleia/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle/terapia , Mastigação/fisiologia , Aparelhos Ortodônticos , Medição da Dor/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Articulação Temporomandibular/fisiologia , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/instrumentação , Adulto Jovem
10.
Rev. dor ; 16(4): 249-253, Oct.-Dec. 2015. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-767182

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Among temporomandibular disorder classifications, masticatory muscles myofascial pain is the most frequent. Its multifactorial etiology makes its treatment difficult. Identifying other painful sites related to temporomandibular disorders may help controlling comorbidities and, as a consequence, improving their symptoms. This study aimed at evaluating the presence of body pain in temporomandibular location. METHODS: We have evaluated 328 medical charts of the Dental Research Center São Leopoldo Mandic, with diagnosis of muscular temporomandibular disorder. Patients were evaluated by means of a body map to locate pain complaints. RESULTS: From 328 analyzed medical charts, 180 (55%) had body pain (160 females, 20 males), and 148 (45%) had facial pain only (116 females, 32 males). Areas with most frequent pain reports were cervical, lumbar and shoulders.Females had more body pain (with pain n=160, without pain n=116, p≤0.001) as compared to males (with pain n=20, without pain n=32) with statistical difference.In most cases pain has affected both body sides (bilateral face 67%, bilateral body 92%). CONCLUSION: Most patients with temporomandibular disorder had pain in body parts different from the face. Regions marked in human body drawings with more pain were cervical followed by lumbar and shoulders.


RESUMO JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Dentre as classificações das disfunções temporomandibulares, as dores miofasciais nos músculos da mastigação são as mais frequentes. Sua etiologia multifatorial dificulta o tratamento. Reconhecer outros locais de dor relacionados à disfunção temporomandibular pode ajudar no controle das comorbidades e consequentemente melhorar o seu quadro. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a presença de dor no corpo em pacientes com disfunção temporomandibular, a frequência desses relatos e sua localização. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados 328 prontuários do Centro de Pesquisa Odontológica São Leopoldo Mandic, com diagnóstico de disfunção temporomandibular muscular. Os pacientes foram avaliados por meio de desenhos de mapa corporal para determinar a localização de queixas de dor. RESULTADOS: Dos 328 prontuários analisados, 180 (55%) apresentaram registro de dor pelo corpo (160 mulheres, 20 homens), e 148 (45%) apresentavam dor apenas na região da face (116 mulheres, 32 homens). As áreas com maior relato de dor foram: cervical, lombar e ombros. O gênero feminino apresentou maior frequência de dores no corpo (com dor n=160, sem dor n=116, p<0,001) que o gênero masculino (com dor n=20 e sem dor n=32) com diferença estatística. Na maior parte dos casos a dor acometeu os dois lados do corpo (face 67% bilateral e corpo 92% bilateral) CONCLUSÃO: A maioria dos pacientes com diagnóstico de disfunção temporomandibular apresentou dor em outras partes do corpo além da face. A região anotada nos desenhos do corpo humano com maior acometimento da dor foi a cervical seguida da lombar e ombros.

11.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 13(1): 96-102, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25993075

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare hospital indicators before and after implementing an Internal Bed Regulation Committee at a reference hospital. METHODS: It is an quantitative, evaluation, exploratory, descriptive and cross-sectional research. The data was gathered from the hospital administrative reports for the period 2008-2013, provided by the Information Technology Center of the Complexo FAMEMA. RESULTS: The indicators improved after implementation of the Internal Bed Regulation Committee. CONCLUSION: The individuals involved in the process acknowledged the improvement. It is necessary to carry on the regulatory actions, especially in a comprehensive and complex healthcare system, such as the brazilian Sistema Único de Saúde.


Assuntos
Comitês Consultivos/organização & administração , Administração Hospitalar/normas , Número de Leitos em Hospital/normas , Hospitais de Ensino/organização & administração , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Especialidades Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/estatística & dados numéricos
12.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 13(1): 96-102, Jan-Mar/2015. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-745891

RESUMO

Objective To compare hospital indicators before and after implementing an Internal Bed Regulation Committee at a reference hospital. Methods It is an quantitative, evaluation, exploratory, descriptive and cross-sectional research. The data was gathered from the hospital administrative reports for the period 2008-2013, provided by the Information Technology Center of the Complexo FAMEMA. Results The indicators improved after implementation of the Internal Bed Regulation Committee. Conclusion The individuals involved in the process acknowledged the improvement. It is necessary to carry on the regulatory actions, especially in a comprehensive and complex healthcare system, such as the brazilian Sistema Único de Saúde. .


Objetivo Comparar indicadores hospitalares antes e após a implantação de um Núcleo Interno de Regulação de Leitos em um hospital de referência. Métodos Pesquisa avaliativa, exploratória, descritiva e transversal, de natureza quantitativa. Os dados apresentados foram extraídos de relatórios administrativos do hospital, fornecidos pelo Núcleo Técnico de Informática do Complexo FAMEMA, abrangendo o período de 2008 a 2013. Resultados Os indicadores apresentaram-se melhores após a implantação do Núcleo Interno de Regulação. Conclusão As melhorias foram sentidas pelos sujeitos envolvidos no processo. Há necessidade de continuidade das ações regulatórias, em especial em um sistema de saúde abrangente e complexo, como é o Sistema Único de Saúde na realidade brasileira. .


Assuntos
Humanos , Comitês Consultivos/organização & administração , Administração Hospitalar/normas , Número de Leitos em Hospital/normas , Hospitais de Ensino/organização & administração , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Especialidades Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/estatística & dados numéricos
13.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr ; 72(6): 422-5, 2014 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24964107

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence of symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in patients with the relapsing-remitting form of multiple sclerosis (MS), the relationship between TMD and the severity of MS, and the presence of TMD symptoms in the evaluated groups. Sixty individuals were evaluated: 30 patients diagnosed with relapsing-remitting MS and 30 control individuals matched for gender and age range with no neurologic pathology. In order to investigate the TMD symptoms, the questionnaires of the EACD (European Academy of Craniomandibular Disorders) and the RDC/TMD (Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders), both validated for TMD research, were administered. To assess the extent of disability produced by MS, the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) was used. The prevalence of TMD symptoms in patients with MS was 56.7% versus 16.7% for the control group, with a statistically significant difference between the groups (p=0.0016). No correlation was found between the severity of MS and the prevalence of TMD symptoms (Fisher's test, p=1.0).


Assuntos
Esclerose Múltipla/epidemiologia , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/epidemiologia , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Dor Facial/epidemiologia , Dor Facial/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Esclerose Múltipla/fisiopatologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Inquéritos e Questionários , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/fisiopatologia
14.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 72(6): 422-425, 06/2014. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-712683

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence of symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in patients with the relapsing-remitting form of multiple sclerosis (MS), the relationship between TMD and the severity of MS, and the presence of TMD symptoms in the evaluated groups. Sixty individuals were evaluated: 30 patients diagnosed with relapsing-remitting MS and 30 control individuals matched for gender and age range with no neurologic pathology. In order to investigate the TMD symptoms, the questionnaires of the EACD (European Academy of Craniomandibular Disorders) and the RDC/TMD (Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders), both validated for TMD research, were administered. To assess the extent of disability produced by MS, the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) was used. The prevalence of TMD symptoms in patients with MS was 56.7% versus 16.7% for the control group, with a statistically significant difference between the groups (p=0.0016). No correlation was found between the severity of MS and the prevalence of TMD symptoms (Fisher's test, p=1.0).


O objetivo deste estudo foi pesquisar a prevalência de sintomas de disfunção temporomandibular (DTM) em pacientes com esclerose múltipla (EM) na forma remitente-recorrente e sua relação com o grau de acometimento da doença e a presença de sintomas de DTM entre os grupos avaliados. Foram avaliados 60 indivíduos, sendo 30 com diagnóstico de EM e 30 controles pareados em gênero e faixa etária. Para avaliação de sintomas de DTM, foi aplicado o questionário recomendado aos clínicos pela Academia Europeia das Desordens Craniomandibulares . Para avaliação do nível de acometimento da EM foi utilizada a escala EDSS (Expanded Disability Status Scale). Os resultados da pesquisa mostraram que a prevalência de sintomas de DTM em pacientes com EM foi de 56,7% e 16,7% para o controle, havendo diferença estatística significativa entre os grupos. Não houve correlação entre o nível de acometimento pela EM e a prevalência de sintomas de DTM.


Assuntos
Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Esclerose Múltipla/epidemiologia , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Dor Facial/epidemiologia , Dor Facial/fisiopatologia , Esclerose Múltipla/fisiopatologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Inquéritos e Questionários , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/fisiopatologia
15.
RGO (Porto Alegre) ; 62(1)jan.-mar. 2014. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-712094

RESUMO

Objective: The present research aims to evaluate the calibration of digital palpation pressure as well as to assess the inter-examiner variation and mean pressure used by a sample consisting of 56 professionals of the TMJ disorders and Orofacial Pain area. Methods: Each participant was asked to press a digital balance to approach 1.0 kg and subsequently 0.5 kg without seeing the display, in order to obtain a blind data. The values of 1.0 kg and 0.5 kg are recommended by the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorder in the refined Axis I, the Physical Assessment. Participants were considered calibrated when they applied the correct pressure in at least 4 of the 5 measurement taken; within a 20% variation interval (pressures between 0.4 and 0.6 kg were acceptable for the reference value of 0.5 kg and between 0.8 and 1.2 kg for the reference value of 1.0kg). The t-student test was used to analyze data (p?0.05). Results: 70% of the sample was classified as non- calibrated for the 0.5 kg pressure while 57% were not calibrated for the 1.0 kg pressure. The mean inter-examiner variations, 0.3 kg for the pressure set at 0.5kg and 0.6 kg for the pressure set at 1.0 kg, were considered high. Conclusion: The mean pressures applied by participants (0.7 kg for joint palpation and 1.4 kg for muscle palpation) were also considered high in comparison with those recommended by the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorder, but acceptable according to the tendency of applying higher values of 1.0 - 1.5 kg, as proven by recent study.


Objetivo: Avaliar a calibra��o da for�a de palpa��o digital, bem como determinar a varia��o intra-examinador e a for�a m�dia aplicada por uma amostra composta de 56 profissionais que atuam na especialidade de disfun��o temporomandibular e dor orofacial. M�todos: Foi solicitado a cada participante que pressionasse o centro de uma balan�a digital, sem visualizar o display, o valor que acreditasse ser correspondente � 1,0 kg e, posteriormente, a 0,5 kg, recomendados pelo protocolo de exame f�sico do Eixo I do Consortium, the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders. Foram considerados calibrados aqueles que aplicassem a for�a correta, aceitando-se uma varia��o de 20% (entre 0,4 e 0,6 kg para o menor valor e 0,8 a 1.2 kg para o maior valor), em 4 das 5 aferi��es realizadas. Na an�lise dos dados foi utilizado o teste t de Student (p?0,05). Resultados: 70% da amostra foi classificada como n�o calibrada para a for�a de 0,5 kg e 57% n�o calibrada para 1,0 kg. A varia��o m�dia intraexaminador de 0,3 kg para o peso de 0,5 kg e 0,6 kg para o de 1,0 kg foram consideradas altas. Conclus�o: A for�a m�dia aplicada pelos participantes (0,7 kg para palpa��o articular e 1.4 kg para palpa��o muscular) foi maior que o recomendado pelo Consortium, the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders, entretanto encontra-se de acordo com a tend�ncia em aplicar valores mais altos entre 1,0 e 1,5 kg, validado em estudo recente.

16.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 17(3): 505-509, jul.-set. 2013.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: lil-711401

RESUMO

O presente estudo apresenta um desdobramento das atividades realizadas por um grupo de estudantes, tutores e preceptores, que compõe uma proposta do Projeto PET-Saúde da Faculdade de Medicina de Marília em parceria com a Secretaria Municipal de Saúde de Marília. Tendo como proposta analisar os motivos da não adesão de uma comunidade às ações educativas, foram realizadas nove entrevistas com usuários que, convidados para ações educativas em grupo, não compareceram. As entrevistas foram gravadas e transcritas. A análise dos dados possibilitou a elaboração de três núcleos de sentido, os quais revelaram a dificuldade em exercer a cidadania e incompatibilidade com os desejos e possibilidades da comunidade; o desinteresse da população e a ênfase no modelo biomédico permeando as ações de saúde e indicações para desenvolver tais ações. Frente aos desafios a serem enfrentados ao se vislumbrarem mudanças no modelo de atenção, acredita-se na necessidade de rever o processo de trabalho da equipe e reconhecer que as mudanças acontecem de forma lenta e gradual.


This research presents a breakdown of activities performed by a group of students, tutors and preceptors as a proposal of the PET-Health Project of Marília College of Medicine in partnership with Municipal Health Secretary of Marília. Having proposed to analyze the reasons for nonadherence to a community‘s educational actions nine interviews were conducted with users who, having been invited to participate in education actions within a group, did not attend. Data analysis allowed the development of three units of meaning, which revealed the difficulty of exercising citizenship and the incompatibility with wishes and possibilities of the community; disinterest of the population and the emphasis on the biomedical model permeating healthcare actions, and indications for developing such actions. Facing the challenges to be confronted when glimpsing changes in the care model, it is believed that there is a necessity to review the process of team work and to recognize that changes happen in a slow and gradual way.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Cooperação do Paciente , Educação em Saúde , Promoção da Saúde
17.
J Orofac Pain ; 27(3): 271-5, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23882460

RESUMO

AIMS: To translate the Pictorial Representation of Illness and Self Measure (PRISM) instrument from German to Portuguese (Brazilian) and adapt it to the Brazilian cultural context, and then assess its reliability and validity in orofacial pain patients. METHODS: The PRISM was translated to Portuguese then back-translated to German. The translated PRISM was evaluated by a multidisciplinary committee and administered as a pre-test to 30 Portuguese-speaking orofacial pain patients. Psychometric properties were obtained after testing 116 orofacial pain patients. Validity was obtained through correlation analyses of scores obtained from PRISM and other psychometric tests, including the Numerical Pain Scale (NPS), Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD). RESULTS: The adapted instrument showed high levels of reliability, proven by means of the test-retest procedure, and calculation of the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC = 0.991). Significant correlations were found between PRISM and the other tests. Correlation with NPS was moderate (-0.42), whereas correlations with ISI (-0.24), HAD-anxiety (-0.25), and HAD-depression (-0.22) were weak. CONCLUSION: The cross-cultural adaptation process of PRISM was successful and the adapted version offers reliable and valid psychometric properties in the Brazilian context.


Assuntos
Comparação Transcultural , Autoavaliação Diagnóstica , Dor Facial/diagnóstico , Testes Psicológicos , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Dor Facial/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Idioma , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Fotografação , Estudos Prospectivos , Psicometria , Qualidade de Vida , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Estresse Psicológico
18.
Botucatu; s.n; 2013. 140 p.
Tese em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-756036

RESUMO

A necessidade de garantir o acesso de forma condinzente com os princípios e diretrizes da Política Nacional de Saúde, e considerar o atual contexto da utilização de leitos hospitalares, envolto à oferta insuficiente em relação à demanda, surge a necessidade de se pensar em propostas inovadoras de gestão, que comtemplem tais expectativas propostas pelo Sistema Único de Saúde, e consequentemente atenda às reais necessidades de saúde da população, proporcionando um cuidado oportuno e integral. Diante deste contexto, o que se questiona é se com a instalação de um Núcleo Interno de Regulação, enquanto instrumento de gestão, ocorreu melhoria com o fluxo de leitos? Os objetivos foram: conhecer a percepção dos gestores em relação ao processo de elaboração, implantação e implementação do NIR; conhecer a percepção dos médicos e enfermeiros, que atuam no NIR sobre a implantação e o funcionamento do NIR; compreender as fragilidades e potencialidades das ações desenvolvidas pelo NIR, a partir da percepção de médicos e enfermeiros que vivenciam a regulação de leitos no complexo HC. Os resultados da pesquisa evidenciam que apesar das dificuldades, há um impacto considerável deste serviço na gestão de leitos e vagas, e consequentemente na gestão hospitalar, porém destaca-se a necessidade de integração na rede de saúde, com o compartilhamento de novas propostas inovadoras de gestão, com vistas à superação das fragilidades no sistema de saúde, visando disponibilizar um cuidado contínuo e integral...


The need the access so according to the principles and guidelines of the Health Policy and considering the current context of using the hospital beds, related to insufficient offer related to demand, arises the need to think of innovative proposals that management contemplate such expectations proposed by the Unified Health System, and consequently attend the real needs of health of the population, providing a comprehensive and timely integral. In this context, what is questioned is whether the installation of the Health care coordination and monitoring as a tool for management, improvement occurred in equating the beds? The objectives were to understand the perception of managers on the process of elaboration, implementation and deployment of NIR; to know the perception of doctors and nurses working in the NIR on its deployment and operation; understand the weaknesses and potential of the NIR already deployed, from the perception of doctors and nurses, who experience the regulation of t beds in HC institute. The survey results show that despite the difficulties, there is a considerable impact of this service in the management of beds and room, and consequently in hospital management, however we call the attention to the need for integration in the health system, with the sharing of innovative proposals management, aiming at overcoming the weaknesses in the health system, in order to provide a continuous and integral care...


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Ocupação de Leitos , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Administração Hospitalar , Encaminhamento e Consulta
19.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 4(2): e102-6, 2012 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24558533

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this prospective longitudinal study was to evaluate the relationships between anxiety, depression, and temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in a sample of pre-university students submitted to a stressful event. STUDY DESIGN: 153 students from a pre-university course (82 females and 71 males between 16 and 31 years old) were given a survey about TMD symptoms and a survey about anxiety and depression scale at the beginning and the end of the preparatory course (August 2009-T1, and November 2009-T2). RESULTS: Results were analyzed using a chi-square test and Odds Ratio (OR), significance level of α = 0.05. Statistical significance were found to depression rates in students with TMD (16% on T1 and 26% on T2, p = 0.001) as well as in general sample (12% on T1 and 22% on T2, p = 0.009), anxiety and TMD symptoms presented constant rates in both periods. Increased risk of having TMD were found in participants with anxiety (OR 2.6 in T2 and 5.6 in T1) and depression (2.0 in T2 and 3.3 in T1), but only anxiety reach statistical significance in both periods. CONCLUSIONS: TMD symptoms were a fluctuating variable that exchange between some individuals of this study. Independently of the TMD, depression rates significant increased in the evaluated period. Finally, anxiety was the psychological symptom related to the increased risk of having TMD. Key words:Temporomandibular disorders, anxiety, depression, orofacial pain, hospital anxiety and depression scale.

20.
Ciênc. cuid. saúde ; 9(2): 390-397, abr.-jun. 2010.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: lil-647365

RESUMO

A Saúde da Família, compreendida como uma estratégia para a viabilização do Sistema Único de Saúde podeser considerada também uma nova proposta, o que justifica a importância de compreender essa prática. Oobjetivo do estudo foi reconhecer as práticas dos enfermeiros na Estratégia Saúde da Família (ESF) a partir dacompreensão do processo de cogestão no desenvolvimento do trabalho em equipe, e a abordagem nele utilizadafoi a qualitativa. Após aprovação pelo Comitê de Ética foram realizadas entrevistas audiogravadas comenfermeiros que trabalham na Estratégia Saúde da Família, entre março e junho de 2007, em um município demédio porte do Interior do Estado de São Paulo. A audiogravação e posterior transcrição das entrevistas foramfeitas mediante autorização dos participantes, os quais, para participar do estudo, assinaram o termo deconsentimento livre e esclarecido. Foi possível extrair dos significados relacionados à categoria “A gerência naEstratégia Saúde da Família” as subcategorias “A cogestão, no desenvolvimento do processo de trabalho emequipe” e “A gerência e o enfermeiro na Estratégia Saúde da Família”. Sintetizando, o estudo aponta anecessidade do ajuste da formação aos novos papéis requeridos dos profissionais nesse novo modelo e quantoé difícil instituir os processos de cogestão, que em geral ficam a cargo do enfermeiro.


Family Health Strategy (FHS), understood as a strategy to make the Unified Health Care System feasible, it canbe regarded as a new model. For this reason, the comprehension of these practices is justified. The objective wasto verify the practices developed by nurses in the Family Health Program and comprehend the sharedmanagement process in development of teamwork. The qualitative method used, and following approval by theEthics Committee, interviews with nurses working at Family Health Strategy in a middle city were carried out fromMarch to June 2007. Following authorization and informed consent provided by the respondents, the interviewswere audio-recorded for later transcribed. After the phases of description, reduction and phenomenologicalcomprehension, it was possible to extract the meanings from which emerged: the category “The management atFamily Health Strategy” (with topics: co-management, in the development of the teamwork process and themanagement and nurses at Family Health Strategy. In summary, the study shows the need for adjustment in theformation of new roles required from professionals in this new model and how difficult it is to institute comanagementprocesses, which are predominantly under the nurse’s responsibility.


La Salud de la Familia, comprendida como una estrategia para viabilizar el Sistema Único de Salud, puede aunser considerada una nueva propuesta, por esa razón, se justifica la comprensión de esa práctica. El objetivo fuereconocer las prácticas de los enfermeros en la Estrategia Salud de la Familia (ESF) a partir de la comprensióndel proceso de cogestión en el desarrollo del trabajo en equipo, para eso fue utilizada la investigación cualitativa.Tras su aprobación por el Comité de Ética, fueron realizadas, entre marzo y junio de 2007, entrevistas grabadasen audio con enfermeros que trabajan en la Estrategia Salud de la Familia en un municipio de tamaño medianodel interior del estado de São Paulo. Las grabaciones y posteriores transcripciones de las entrevistas fueronhechas tras la autorización de los participantes que firmaron un término de consentimiento libre y aclarado. Fueposible extraer de los significados relacionados a la categoría: “La gerencia en la Estrategia Salud de la Familia”las temáticas “La cogestión en el desarrollo del proceso de trabajo en equipo” y “La gerencia y el enfermero en laEstrategia Salud de la Familia”. Sintetizando, el estudio apunta la necesidad de ajuste de la formación a losnuevos papeles requeridos de los profesionales en este nuevo modelo y cuánto es difícil instituir los procesos decogestión, que, en general, quedan a cargo del enfermero.


Assuntos
Enfermagem , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Saúde da Família
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