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1.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 24(7): 6055-6060, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27005279

RESUMO

In trinitrotoluene (TNT) purification process, realized in industries, there are two washes carried out at the end of the procedure. The first is performed with vaporized water, from which the first effluent, called yellow water, is originated. Then, a second wash is performed using sodium sulfite, generating the red water effluent. The objective of this work was to get the best conditions for photocatalytic degradation of the second effluent, red water, in order to reduce toxicity and adjust legal parameters according to regulatory agencies for dumping these effluents into waterways. It has used a statistical evaluation for factor interaction (pH, concentration) that affects heterogeneous photocatalysis with titanium dioxide (TiO2). Thus, the treatment applied in the factorial experimental design consisted of using a volume equal to 500 mL of the effluent to 0.1 % by batch treatment, which has changed TiO2 pH and concentration, according to the design, with 20 min time for evaluation, where it was used as response to the reduction of UV-Vis absorption. According to the design responses, it has obtained optimum values for the parameters evaluated: pH = 6.5 and concentration of 100 mg/L of TiO2 were shown to be efficient when applied to red water effluent, obtaining approximately 91 % of discoloration.


Assuntos
Resíduos Industriais/análise , Trinitrotolueno , Águas Residuárias/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água/métodos , Fotólise , Titânio , Trinitrotolueno/análise , Trinitrotolueno/química , Trinitrotolueno/efeitos da radiação , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/efeitos da radiação
2.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 59: e16150043, 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-951411

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The extraction of essential oils obtained by the hydrodistillation of needles/twigs waste of Pinus taeda L. was optimized by applying response surface methodology (RSM), with 24 full factorial design, in order to improve oil essential production, and aggregate value to the production chain of pine wood. Through the model it was possible to ascertain the influence of the variables in the average amount of essential oil (0.1032 mL), being the variables analyzed: biomass - Bm (x1), extraction time - ET (x2), Bm:ET (x1x2) and sample size - SS: drying times - DT (x3x4). Only linear terms (biomass and extraction time) and your interaction demonstrated significant positive values (0.0344, 0.0206 and 0.0131). The major components of the essential oil identified by GC-MS were: β-phellandrene: (30.39 and 22.44%), tricyclene (26.14 and 20.46%), β-myrcene (14.32 and 11.50%), β-pinene (22.49 and 1.43%) and α-pinene (0.25 and 11.26%) in the years 2011 and 2012, respectively. Our results show that the essential oil obtained from P. taeda represents a way of using some of the waste generated by the timber industry. The process of obtaining doesn't require treatments such as controlled drying or size reduction of the sample, indicating that it can be used in an industrial scale.

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