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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35840496

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to identify the molecular alterations of head and neck rhabdomyosarcomas (HNRMS) and their prognostic values. STUDY DESIGN: An electronic search was performed using PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and Web of Science with a designed search strategy. Inclusion criteria comprised cases of primary HNRMS with an established histopathological diagnosis and molecular analysis. Forty-nine studies were included and were appraised for methodological quality using the Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal tools. Five studies were selected for meta-analysis. RESULTS: HNRMS predominantly affects pediatric patients (44.4%), and the parameningeal region (57.7%) is the most common location. The alveolar variant (43.2%) predominates over the embryonal and spindle cell/sclerosing types, followed by the epithelioid and pleomorphic variants. PAX-FOXO1 fusion was observed in 103 cases of alveolar RMS (79.8%). MYOD1 mutation was found in 39 cases of sclerosing/spindle cell RMS (53.4%). FUS/EWSR1-TFCP2 gene fusions were identified in 21 cases of RMS with epithelioid and spindle cell morphologies (95.5%). The 5-year overall survival rate of patients was 61.3%, and MYOD1 mutation correlated with significantly higher mortality. CONCLUSION: The genotypic profile of histologic variants of HNRMS is widely variable, and MYOD1 mutation could be a potential prognostic factor, but more studies are required to establish this.


Assuntos
Rabdomiossarcoma , Criança , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Humanos , Mutação , Rabdomiossarcoma/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
2.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 51(5): 493-500, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35347770

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: IgG4-related disease is a fibroinflammatory and immune-mediated condition, which has extremely variable clinical manifestations. In this study, we aim to investigate the clinicopathological features of IgG4-related disease involving the oral and maxillofacial region. METHODS: Cases of IgG4-related disease manifesting in the oral and maxillofacial region were retrieved from three Brazilian institutions. Clinical and serological data were obtained from the patients' medical charts, while microscopic and immunohistochemical findings were revised by oral pathologists. Diagnosis followed the American College of Rheumatology/European League against Rheumatism criteria. RESULTS: Seven patients diagnosed with IgG4-related disease were included in this study. Women were affected in all analysed cases, with a mean age of 55.4 years. Two patients presented with the clinical involvement of more than one oral and maxillofacial anatomic site. Therefore, our sample comprised nine oral and maxillofacial anatomic sites affected by IgG4-related disease. The submandibular gland was affected in four cases, the tongue and the parotid gland in two cases each, and the palate in one case. In a few cases, exploratory lower lip biopsy was used as a diagnostic approach. A moderate-to-severe lymphoid infiltrate containing plasma cells and lymphocytes, with an increased IgG4/IgG ratio, was common. Treatment varied and steroids were the most frequently used (57.4%). Six patients remained alive, while one died from unknown causes. CONCLUSION: Although major salivary glands are commonly affected by IgG4-related disease, the oral cavity can also be involved, and lower lip biopsy may be an auxiliary diagnostic tool.


Assuntos
Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4 , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/análise , Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4/diagnóstico , Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4/patologia , Lábio/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Glândulas Salivares/patologia , Glândula Submandibular
3.
Braz Oral Res ; 36: e008, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35081226

RESUMO

Good communication between clinicians and pathologists is a vital element in the diagnostic process, and poor communication can adversely affect patient care. There is a lack of research about communication in diagnostic oral and maxillofacial pathology. This narrative review explores different aspects of the quality of communication between clinicians and oral pathologists, with a focus on the diagnosis of oral and maxillofacial diseases. An electronic search was carried out in MEDLINE through the PubMed, Scopus, and Embase databases up to April 2021. No studies reporting communication, its adequacy or the required skills between clinicians and pathologists in oral diagnosis were found. According to studies published in medicine, strategies for improving communication skills include clinician-pathologist collaboration; a well-formatted, clear and thorough report; training in communication skills; and patient-centered care. Further studies evaluating the current practices and quality in oral and maxillofacial pathology are required to identify barriers and encourage optimal communication to facilitate diagnosis, as well as patient safety.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Patologistas , Odontólogos , Humanos , Assistência Centrada no Paciente
4.
Oral Oncol ; 124: 105498, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34426069

RESUMO

Epithelioid rhabdomyosarcoma is a new and rare morphological variant of rhabdomyosarcoma, with only a few reports in the literature. We aimed to describe an atypical case of this variant involving the oral cavity. A 33-year-old male patient presented with an asymptomatic, gingival mass adjacent to the left maxillary canine with progressive growth over approximately 3 months. Microscopic and immunohistochemical assessment of the biopsy specimen were consistent with epithelioid rhabdomyosarcoma. After initial chemotherapy and radiotherapy, the patient had a partial response. Surgical resection was performed, followed by adjuvant chemotherapy. After local and distant recurrences, the patient died 22 months after the initial diagnosis. According to the literature, epithelioid rhabdomyosarcoma still lacks data regarding its aetiologic factors and therapeutic options. Whether this tumour is a true subtype or simply a variant of other subtypes of rhabdomyosarcoma also remains unconfirmed. Final diagnosis leads to a broad array of microscopic and immunohistochemical analyses.


Assuntos
Rabdomiossarcoma , Humanos , Masculino , Rabdomiossarcoma/diagnóstico , Rabdomiossarcoma/patologia , Rabdomiossarcoma/terapia
6.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 51(1): 5-12, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469012

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hybrid odontogenic lesions combine histopathological characteristics of two or more odontogenic cysts and/or tumours. The aim of this study was to evaluate the available data on hybrid odontogenic lesions (HOL) and to analyse their epidemiological/clinical features and biological behaviour. METHODS: An electronic search was done in January 2021 using multiple databases. Eligibility criteria encompassed publications with sufficient clinical and histological information to confirm the tumours' diagnoses. RESULTS: A total of 147 articles were included in this study, comprising 203 cases. Calcifying odontogenic cyst associated with odontoma (COC/OD) (37/18.2%) was the most common HOL. Females were more affected with a mean age of 24.9 years. Lesions presented as asymptomatic swellings, with a mean evolution time of 8.2 months (0.3-96), and mean tumour size of 4.8 cm (0.3-7). Radiographic aspects frequently showed radiolucent (139/68.4%) and unilocular (52/25.6%) images with well-defined limits (48/23.6%). The lesions mostly affected mandibular pre-molars (69/34%) and mandibular molars (69/34%) regions. Enucleation (89/43.8%) and surgical excision (59/29%) were the most common treatment modalities. The mean follow-up time was 33.8 months (0.5-216 months) and recurrences were observed in four cases (1.9%), all of which were central odontogenic fibroma associated with central giant cell granuloma (COF/CGCG). CONCLUSION: COC/OD is the most common HOL and recurrence is a rare event, being usually associated with the diagnosis of COF/CGCG.


Assuntos
Granuloma de Células Gigantes , Cisto Odontogênico Calcificante , Cistos Odontogênicos , Tumores Odontogênicos , Odontoma , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Cistos Odontogênicos/diagnóstico por imagem , Cistos Odontogênicos/epidemiologia , Tumores Odontogênicos/diagnóstico por imagem , Tumores Odontogênicos/epidemiologia , Odontoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Odontoma/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
7.
Head Neck Pathol ; 16(2): 476-485, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34655411

RESUMO

Diffuse large B cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (DLBCL, NOS) is the most frequent non-Hodgkin lymphoma subtype. This aggressive neoplasm may variably express the CD30 protein, which may be used as a therapeutic target for this tumor. However, CD30 expression in DLBCL NOS arising from the oral cavity and the oropharynx has not been investigated. Therefore, this study aims to determine the frequency of CD30 expression and its prognostic significance for patients affected by oral/oropharyngeal DLBCL NOS. Fifty cases were retrieved from pathology files and submitted to immunohistochemistry against CD30. Reactivity was accessed by two oral pathologists using two cut-off values (> 0% and > 20% of tumor cells) to determine positivity in each case. Clinical data were obtained from the patients' medical files to investigate the prognostic potential of the protein. Seven high-grade B cell lymphomas and two EBV-positive DLBCL NOS were identified. We found one CD30-positive case in each of these two groups of lymphomas. Among the remaining 41 DLBCL NOS, other four cases (three in the oral cavity and one in the oropharynx) were positive for CD30, but only two expressed the protein in > 20% of tumor cells, both in the oral cavity. Survival analysis demonstrated that CD30-positive cases had a higher five-year overall survival rate (75%) than CD30-negative cases (32.3%), although a statistically significant result was not achieved (p = 0.19). Only a minor subset of oral and oropharyngeal DLBCL NOS express CD30 and these patients seems to have a higher survival rate.


Assuntos
Antígeno Ki-1 , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Antígeno Ki-1/análise , Antígeno Ki-1/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Orofaringe/química , Orofaringe/patologia , Prognóstico
8.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 36: e008, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1355935

RESUMO

Abstract Good communication between clinicians and pathologists is a vital element in the diagnostic process, and poor communication can adversely affect patient care. There is a lack of research about communication in diagnostic oral and maxillofacial pathology. This narrative review explores different aspects of the quality of communication between clinicians and oral pathologists, with a focus on the diagnosis of oral and maxillofacial diseases. An electronic search was carried out in MEDLINE through the PubMed, Scopus, and Embase databases up to April 2021. No studies reporting communication, its adequacy or the required skills between clinicians and pathologists in oral diagnosis were found. According to studies published in medicine, strategies for improving communication skills include clinician-pathologist collaboration; a well-formatted, clear and thorough report; training in communication skills; and patient-centered care. Further studies evaluating the current practices and quality in oral and maxillofacial pathology are required to identify barriers and encourage optimal communication to facilitate diagnosis, as well as patient safety.

9.
Oral Oncol ; 122: 105565, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34673455

RESUMO

The aim of this report was to describe a rare case of leukoplakia in a young patient without any risk factors for squamous cell carcinoma. An 18-year-old male patient presented with an asymptomatic white lesion on the right lateral border of the tongue. Microscopic examination of the excisional biopsy specimen displayed hyperkeratosis and acanthosis without epithelial dysplasia, which were consistent with the clinical diagnosis of oral leukoplakia. The patient is undergoing systematic and regular evaluation, and after 28 months of follow-up, no recurrence has been observed. This report showed that, although uncommon, adolescents and/or young adults can also be affected by oral potentially malignant disorders. Therefore, dentists should be aware of this condition to establish the proper diagnosis and management.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Leucoplasia Oral , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas , Doenças da Língua , Adolescente , Humanos , Leucoplasia Oral/diagnóstico , Masculino
10.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 587-593, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34101913

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: CD30 is variably expressed in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), but its prognostic potential for the affected patients remains debatable and unclear. Therefore, we aimed to determine the frequency of CD30 expression in DLBCL and its potential for prognostic determination. METHODS: An electronic systematic review was performed using multiple databases, followed by a quantitative meta-analysis to assess the frequency of CD30 expression with positivity cut-off values of >0% and >20%, and to determine its association with clinicopathological features and patients' survival. RESULTS: Using a cut-off value >0%, we observed that 3.5%-59.1% of the cases were considered positive for CD30. There was a significant association of the protein expression with a lower number of extra-nodal sites affected by the neoplasm, with Ann Arbor advanced stage, the absence of B-symptoms, the lack of MYC and BCL2 translocations, and a lower ECOG performance. Using a cut-off value >20%, we observed that 2.5%-36.7% of the cases were considered positive for CD30, being significantly associated with a lower number of extra-nodal sites affected by the neoplasm, Ann Arbor stages III/IV, non-GCB tumours, the lack of MYC and BCL2 translocations, and a lower ECOG value. CD30 expression was significantly associated with a better survival rate, regardless of what cut-off parameter was used. CONCLUSION: Despite variations in the cut-off values used to determine CD30 positivity in DLBCL, the expression of this protein seems to be associated with a higher survival rate and better prognosis.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Humanos , Antígeno Ki-1/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida
11.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 603-612, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091952

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lymphomas in the oral and oropharyngeal regions are relatively uncommon, and their diagnosis is challenging and complex due to the myriad histopathological subtypes. Herein, we report a large series of oral and oropharyngeal lymphomas and compare our data with the currently available literature. METHODS: All cases diagnosed as lymphomas affecting the oral and oropharyngeal regions were retrospectively retrieved from seven Brazilian institutions. Clinicodemographic data and histopathological features were evaluated and described, while a comprehensive literature review was undertaken in order to compare our findings. RESULTS: A total of 304 cases of oral and oropharyngeal lymphomas were obtained, mostly affecting individuals aged 60-69 years (n = 68) with a mean age at diagnosis of 54.2 ± 20.1 years. Males and females were equally affected. Mature B-cell neoplasms (87.2%) were the most common group, followed by mature T- and NK-cell neoplasms (11.2%) and precursor lymphoid neoplasms (1.6%). The most frequent subtypes in each group were diffuse large B-cell lymphomas, not otherwise specified (n = 99), extranodal NK/T-cell lymphomas, nasal type (n = 12), and B-lymphoblastic leukaemia/lymphomas, not otherwise specified (n = 4). The most commonly involved sites were the palate (26.3%), mandible (13%), and maxilla (10.5%). CONCLUSION: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified, remains the most common subtype of lymphomas in the oral and oropharyngeal region. Older patients are the most affected, with no gender predilection and the palate and jaw are usually affected.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxila , Palato , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 572-586, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091974

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is an aggressive B-cell lymphoma with three variants (endemic, sporadic, and immunodeficiency-associated), presenting with specific epidemiological and clinical features. Burkitt lymphoma affects the head and neck region (BLHN) in approximately 10% of cases. The aim of this study was to undertake a comparative analysis of the clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical (IHC) features of BLHN diagnosed in patients from Africa, Guatemala, and Brazil. METHODS: Cases diagnosed as BLHN were collected from the files of six oral pathology laboratory services (Brazil, South Africa, and Guatemala) and one Brazilian pediatric oncology hospital from 1986 to 2020. Clinicopathological and IHC data, and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) status by in situ hybridization data for each case were reviewed and described. RESULTS: Of the 52 cases, BLHN was predominant in pediatric patients [43 (82.69%)] and males [43 (82.69%)], with a mean age of 11.26 ± 9.68 years (range, 1-39 years). Neck and cervical lymph nodes [14 (26.92%)], and involvement of both maxilla and mandible [8 (15.38%)], were the most common anatomical sites. Clinically, tumor/swelling [40 (31.25%)], cervical lymphadenopathy [14 (10.94%)], pain [12 (9.38%)], and bone destruction [12 (9.38%)] were frequent findings. All cases showed typical morphological characteristics of BL. IHC profiles included positivity for CD20 [52 (100%)], CD10 [38 (79.17%)], Bcl6 [29 (87.88%)], and c-Myc protein [18 (81.82%)]. EBV was positive in 18 cases (62.07%). The Ki-67 index ranged from 90 to 100%. CONCLUSION: The clinicopathological and EBV profile of BLHN in South African, Guatemalan, and Brazilian patients is similar.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Burkitt , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Linfoma de Burkitt/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Burkitt/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , África do Sul/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 622-630, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34101256

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although uncommon, mature small B-cell lymphomas may arise in the oral/maxillofacial area and oral pathologists must be aware of the key characteristics of these neoplasms to perform an accurate diagnosis. In this manuscript, we attempted to integrate the currently available data on the clinicopathological features of follicular lymphoma (FL), mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT-L), and chronic lymphocytic leukemia/ small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL) affecting these anatomical regions. METHODS: An updated descriptive literature review was carried out and a detailed electronic search was done in multiple databases to gather all cases affecting the oral/maxillofacial region and palatine tonsils. RESULTS: We observed that MALT-L was the most frequently reported subtype, followed by FL, MCL, and CLL/SLL. The palate was affected in a high proportion of cases and the most usual clinical presentation was an asymptomatic swelling. MALT-L and CLL/SLL neoplastic cells were strongly associated with small salivary glands. FL showed no gender preference, while MCL and CLL/SLL were more prevalent in males and MALT-L in females. Overall, cases were more common in elderly individuals. Patients' treatment and outcome varied, with MCL being the most aggressive neoplasm with a dismal prognosis in comparison to FL and MALT-L. CONCLUSION: Despite the poor documentation in many of the cases available, especially regarding the microscopic and molecular features of tumors, this review demonstrated that the oral mature small B-cell lymphomas investigated share similar clinical presentation, but carry different prognostic significance, demanding an accurate diagnosis.


Assuntos
Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B , Linfoma Folicular , Linfoma de Célula do Manto , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma Folicular/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/diagnóstico , Masculino , Boca
14.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 530-539, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34097774

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hydroa vacciniforme-like lymphoproliferative disorder (HVLPD) is a chronic Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive lymphoproliferative disease which may either present as an indolent condition or progress to a systemic T-cell lymphoma. METHODS: All HVLPD diagnosed over a 10-year period were retrieved, and clinical data regarding sex, age, oral and systemic manifestations, and clinical follow-up were obtained. Immunohistochemistry was done in order to characterize the lymphoid cells, and in situ hybridization was used to demonstrate the presence of EBV. RESULTS: Eleven cases were included, with a male predominance and a mean age of 25.1 years. Buccal mucosa and the lips were the most affected oral sites, appearing as painful ulcers. All patients exhibited facial oedema, usually affecting the lips, nose and periorbital region. The clinical course was gradual but progressive, with four patients having fever and 3 showing lymphadenopathies. All cases showed a moderate to severe lymphocytic infiltrate with angiotropism, angiocentricity and epidermotropism. Two cases affecting the lip skin exhibited a periappendageal lymphocytic infiltrate. Few large pleomorphic cells were found, surrounded by smaller and medium-sized lymphoid cells, as well as reactive plasma cells, macrophages, neutrophils and eosinophils. All lesions exhibited a cytotoxic T-cell (CD8+) phenotype with a variable proliferative index. All cases were associated with EBV, and all patients died due to complications of the disease. CONCLUSIONS: HVLPD is a rare disease that may show oral involvement with a cytotoxic T-cell phenotype, and is strongly associated with EBV. As shown in this series, HVLPD may show aggressive clinical behaviour.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Hidroa Vaciniforme , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos , Adulto , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Feminino , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Masculino , Peru
15.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; 162: 103352, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33991662

RESUMO

In numerous types of cancer, the primary tumor site can show a correlation with disease behavior and survival outcomes. In salivary gland tumors (SGTs) this association remains controversial. This study assessed the association between primary sites of SGTs and prognosis. Studies from five databases were assessed and a meta-analysis was performed using studies that presented 95 % confidence interval (95 % CI), hazard ratio (HR) and survival analysis. Gathered information from 46,361 patients showed that site had a prognostic impact on SGTs. Tumors involving minor salivary glands showed worse overall survival (HR = 1.60; 95 % CI = 1.17-2.19; p = 0.003), disease-specific survival (HR=1.63; 95 % CI = 1.12-2.37; p = 0.01), and cause-specific survival (HR=2.10; 95 % CI = 1.72-2.55; p = 0.00001). Tumors from major salivary glands showed better recurrence-free survival (HR=2.31; 95 % CI = 1.77-3.02; p = 0.00001), and locoregional control of disease (HR=2.66; 95 % CI = 1.20-5.91; p = 0.02). Our results showed that the primary site of SGTs has an impact on patient prognosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares , Humanos , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/epidemiologia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/terapia , Análise de Sobrevida
16.
Oral Oncol ; 118: 105296, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33933777

RESUMO

Mucositis is one of the more frequent and costly adverse events following cancer treatment. To evaluate and report the direct economic outcomes associated with the management of mucositis across several cancer treatments we conducted a systematic review according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. Scopus, MEDLINE/PubMed, and Embase were searched electronically and a total of 37 relevant studies were included. The costs attributable to mucositis in the hematopoietic stem cell transplantation setting ranged from 1124,47 US dollars (USD) to 299 214,14 USD per patient. The radiotherapy/chemoradiotherapy/radiotherapy plus molecular targeted therapy accounted for mucositis costs that ranged from 51,23 USD to 33 560,58 USD per patient. Costs for mucositis in the chemotherapy setting ranged from 4,18 USD to 31 963,64 USD per patient. When the cancer treatment was not specified, costs of mucositis ranged from 565,85 USD to as high as 20 279, 12 USD per patient. Mucositis costs from multimodal therapy ranged from 12,42 USD to 5670,46 USD per patient. The molecular targeted therapy setting included only one study and depending on the healthcare providers' perspective of each country evaluated, mucositis' costs ranged from 45,78 USD to 3484,91 USD per patient. Mucositis is associated with increased resource use, consultations, hospitalizations and extended hospitalizations, leading to a substantial incremental cost that exacerbates the economic burden on the patient, health plan and health system across several cancer treatments and diagnosis. More studies with a prospective evaluation of the economic costs associated with mucositis management are needed.


Assuntos
Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Mucosite , Neoplasias , Terapia Combinada , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/economia , Hospitalização , Humanos , Mucosite/economia , Mucosite/terapia , Neoplasias/economia , Neoplasias/terapia
17.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 13(3): e295-e302, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33680332

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ameloblastoma is a locally aggressive tumor, originated from odontogenic epithelium, and affects the jawbones with an elevated recurrence rate. The molecular mechanisms involved with the pathogenesis of this tumor remain undetermined. This review aimed to describe the current data regarding epigenetic alterations in ameloblastoma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematized electronic search was performed in the English-language literature in three databases, combining the following keywords: ameloblastoma, epigenetic, methylation, noncoding RNA, histone acetylation. RESULTS: According to the gathered results of 11 studies in this review, epigenetic alterations could induce the development and progression of ameloblastoma. DNA methylation has been the most assessed mechanism in ameloblastomas. CONCLUSIONS: Current literature data indicate that epigenetic events can be involved in the etiopathogenesis of ameloblastomas. Key words:Ameloblastoma, epigenetic, methylation, noncoding RNA, histone acetylation.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33737015

RESUMO

During oral pathology daily practice, true amyloid may be identified in oral amyloidosis and several odontogenic tumors. However, histologic examination often reveals other oral and perioral diseases with similar eosinophilic, acellular, amorphous substances. These include extensive areas of collagenous sclerosis, fibrin deposition, elastic fiber degeneration, and dentinoid material, which may resemble amyloid under light microscopic examination. These materials are often termed "amyloid-like" due to their close histologic resemblance to true amyloid. The rarity of most of these conditions and their strong histologic similarity may hamper an accurate diagnosis. Definitive diagnosis of these lesions may require clinical correlation; laboratory evaluation; histochemical or immunohistochemical reactions; and, in some cases, genetic investigation. In this review, we describe the main clinicopathologic features of this group of diseases that may manifest in the oral and/or perioral regions and that have in common the presence of amyloid-like material deposition.


Assuntos
Amiloidose , Tumores Odontogênicos , Amiloide , Amiloidose/diagnóstico , Tecido Elástico , Humanos
19.
Virchows Arch ; 479(3): 585-595, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33713188

RESUMO

The role of digital pathology in remote reporting has seen an increase during the COVID-19 pandemic. Recently, recommendations had been made regarding the urgent need of reorganizing head and neck cancer diagnostic services to provide a safe work environment for the staff. A total of 162 glass slides from 109 patients over a period of 5 weeks were included in this validation and were assessed by all pathologists in both analyses (digital and conventional) to allow intraobserver comparison. The intraobserver agreement between the digital method (DM) and conventional method (CM) was considered almost perfect (κ ranged from 0.85 to 0.98, with 95% CI, ranging from 0.81 to 1). The most significant and frequent disagreements within trainees encompassed epithelial dysplasia grading and differentiation among severe dysplasia (carcinoma in situ) and oral squamous cell carcinoma. The most frequent pitfall from DM was lag in screen mirroring. The lack of details of inflammatory cells and the need for a higher magnification to assess dysplasia were pointed in one case each. The COVID-19 crisis has accelerated and consolidated the use of online meeting tools, which would be a valuable resource even in the post-pandemic scenario. Adaptation in laboratory workflow, the advent of digital pathology and remote reporting can mitigate the impact of similar future disruptions to the oral and maxillofacial pathology laboratory workflow avoiding delays in diagnosis and report, to facilitate timely management of head and neck cancer patients. Graphical abstract.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Carcinoma in Situ/patologia , Tecnologia Digital , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Neoplasias Maxilares/patologia , Microscopia , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Telepatologia , Biópsia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fluxo de Trabalho
20.
Clin Rheumatol ; 40(9): 3833-3839, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33629203

RESUMO

Drug-induced sarcoidosis-like reaction (DISR) is a condition almost indistinguishable from sarcoidosis, both clinically and microscopically, consisting of granulomatous tissue reaction associated with a specific therapy. Commonly affected sites are the lungs, hilar lymph nodes, and skin. This report aimed to describe a very uncommon case of DISR with an unique involvement of the oral cavity. A 63-year-old female with a history of rheumatoid arthritis, who was treated with a TNF-α antagonist (adalimumab), presented multiple ulcerative nodules on the hard palate. Laboratory tests and imaging studies failed to show any other alterations. The biopsy specimen demonstrated multiple noncaseating granulomas. Histochemical reactions were negative for acid-fast bacilli and fungi, and immunohistochemical assessment highlighted the presence of normal lymphocytes and histiocytes. With the diagnosis of DISR, adalimumab was discontinued, and complete clinical resolution of the lesions was achieved after 14 months. Although uncommon, DISR should be considered in differential diagnoses of oral granulomatous reactions, especially in cases where the patient is being treated with TNF-α antagonists.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Sarcoidose , Adalimumab/efeitos adversos , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Boca , Sarcoidose/induzido quimicamente , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
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