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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385033

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the clinical prognosis among selected white dot syndromes (WDS) (birdshot chorioretinopathy (BRC), multifocal choroiditis, serpiginous choroidopathy (SC), and others) and to identify risk factors of poor visual prognosis. METHODS: Retrospective longitudinal cohort study including 84 patients (143 affected eyes) diagnosed with WDS between 1982 and July 2017, followed up until loss of follow-up or December 2017, and recruited from three Uveitis Clinics (Madrid Community, Spain). Our main outcome measures were temporary or permanent moderate (corrected visual acuity in the Snellen scale < 20/50) or severe (< 20/200) vision losses, and development of new ocular complications. Incidence rates (IR) of the main outcome measures were estimated per 100 eye-years. Bivariate and multivariate Cox robust regression models analyzed the association of demographic- and clinical-related variables with vision loss. RESULTS: SC exhibited the greatest IR of vision loss, even in the multivariate models. Previous events of vision loss, presence of choroidal neovascularization, and cataracts exhibited worse visual prognosis. Monotherapy with immunosuppressive drugs but not combine therapy was also associated with higher IR of visual loss. Regarding new ocular complications, BRC showed the highest IR of epiretinal membrane and macular edema. CONCLUSIONS: SC presents the worst visual prognosis. Some ocular manifestations can identify patients with WDS at risk of a worse clinical evolution.

2.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2019 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31368174

RESUMO

The NPHS2 gene, encoding the slit diaphragm protein podocin, accounts for genetic and sporadic forms of nephrotic syndrome (NS). Patients with NS often present symptoms of volume retention, such as oedema formation or hypertension. The primary dysregulation in sodium handling involves an inappropriate activation of the epithelial sodium channel, ENaC. Plasma proteases in a proteinuria-dependent fashion have been made responsible; however, referring to the timeline of symptoms occurring and underlying mechanisms, contradictory results have been published. Characterizing the mouse model of podocyte inactivation of NPHS2 (Nphs2∆pod ) with respect to volume handling and proteinuria revealed that sodium retention, hypertension and gross proteinuria appeared sequentially in a chronological order. Detailed analysis of Nphs2∆pod during early sodium retention, revealed increased expression of full-length ENaC subunits and αENaC cleavage product with concomitant increase in ENaC activity as tested by amiloride application, and augmented collecting duct Na+ /K+ -ATPase expression. Urinary proteolytic activity was increased and several proteases were identified by mass spectrometry including cathepsin B, which was found to process αENaC. Renal expression levels of precursor and active cathepsin B were increased and could be localized to glomeruli and intercalated cells. Inhibition of cathepsin B prevented hypertension. With the appearance of gross proteinuria, plasmin occurs in the urine and additional cleavage of γENaC is encountered. In conclusion, characterizing the volume handling of Nphs2∆pod revealed early sodium retention occurring independent to aberrantly filtered plasma proteases. As an underlying mechanism cathepsin B induced αENaC processing leading to augmented channel activity and hypertension was identified.

3.
J Transl Med ; 17(1): 297, 2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464641

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are attractive cell-therapy candidates. Despite their popularity and promise, there is no uniform method of preparation of MSCs. Typically, cells are cryopreserved in liquid nitrogen, thawed, and subsequently administered to a patient with little to no information on their function post-thaw. We hypothesized that a short acclimation period post-thaw will facilitate the recovery of MSC's functional potency. METHODS: Human bone-marrow-derived MSCs were divided into 3 groups: FC (fresh cells; from existing culture); TT (thawed + time; acclimated for 24 h post-thaw); and FT (freshly thawed; thawed and immediately used). The 3 groups were analyzed for their cellular and functional potency. RESULTS: Phenotypic analysis demonstrated a decrease in CD44 and CD105 surface markers in FT MSCs, with no change in the other two groups. All MSCs were able to differentiate down the osteogenic and chondrogenic lineages. In FT cells, metabolic activity and apoptosis was significantly increased with concomitant decrease in cell proliferation; clonogenic capacity; and key regenerative genes. Following 24-h acclimation, apoptosis was significantly reduced in TT cells with a concomitant upregulation in angiogenic and anti-inflammatory genes. While all MSCs significantly arrested T-cell proliferation, the TT MSCs were significantly more potent. Similarly, although all MSCs maintained their anti-inflammatory properties, IFN-γ secretion was significantly diminished in FT cells. CONCLUSIONS: These data demonstrate that FT MSCs maintain their multipotent differentiation capacity, immunomodulatory function, and anti-inflammatory properties; yet, various aspects of cell characteristics and function are deleteriously affected by cryopreservation. Importantly, a 24-h acclimation period 'reactivates' thawed cells to recover their diminished stem-cell function.

4.
Immunotherapy ; 11(13): 1107-1116, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378114

RESUMO

Background: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a promising treatment of different musculoskeletal diseases including osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Results from different approaches in this treatment have been not conclusive. Aim: To analyze factors related to interactions between peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and MSCs and the influence of cellular activation. Materials & methods: PBMCs from RA patients and healthy controls (HC) were obtained. MSCs from bone marrow (BM-MSCs) were obtained from six donors. CD4, CD25, CD69 and CD127 expression was measured by flow cytometry. Repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) models were performed using activation, co-culture with BM-MSCs and time of culture (24 h, 72 h, 6 days) as within-subject variables. Results: PBMCs activated and co-cultured with BM-MSCs showed a lower proportion of CD25-positive and CD25high/CD127low-negative cells in both RA and HC. Additionally, a maintained expression of CD69 was also observed in RA and HC when PBMCs were activated and co-cultured with BM-MSCs. Conclusion: Both PBMC activation grade and RA disease activity influence the immunomodulatory effect of BM-MSCs on T-cell activation.

5.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 15(4): 188-210, jul.-ago. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: ibc-ET1-3390

RESUMO

Objetivo: Actualizar las recomendaciones sobre osteoporosis (OP) de la Sociedad Española de Reumatología (SER) basadas en la mejor evidencia posible. Métodos: Se creó un panel formado por nueve reumatólogos expertos en OP previamente seleccionados por la SER mediante una convocatoria abierta. Las fases del trabajo fueron: identificación de las áreas claves para la actualización del consenso anterior, análisis y síntesis de la evidencia científica (utilizando los niveles de evidencia del SIGN) y formulación de recomendaciones a partir de esta evidencia y de técnicas de consenso. Resultados: Esta revisión de las recomendaciones comporta una actualización en la evaluación diagnóstica de la OP y de su tratamiento. Propone unos criterios para considerar alto riesgo de fractura y unas indicaciones para iniciar tratamiento. Las recomendaciones abordan también cuestiones relativas a la seguridad de los tratamientos y al manejo de situaciones especiales como las enfermedades inflamatorias y el tratamiento con glucocorticoides. Conclusiones: Se presenta la actualización de las recomendaciones SER sobre OP


Objective: To update the recommendations on osteoporosis (OP) of the Spanish Society of Rheumatology (SER) based on the best possible evidence. Methods: A panel of nine expert rheumatologists in OP was created, previously selected by the SER through an open call. The phases of the work were: identification of the key areas for updating the previous consensus, analysis and synthesis of the scientific evidence (using the SIGN levels of evidence) and formulation of recommendations based on this evidence and consensus techniques. Results: This revision of the recommendations implies an update in the diagnostic evaluation and treatment of OP. It proposes some criteria to consider the high risk of fracture and some indications to start treatment. The recommendations also address issues related to the safety of treatments and the management of special situations such as inflammatory diseases and treatment with glucocorticoids. Conclusions: We present an update of SER recommendations on OP

6.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 153, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31262287

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rhus trilobata Nutt. (Anacardiaceae) (RHTR) is a plant of Mexico that is traditionally used as an alternative treatment for several types of cancer. However, the phytochemical composition and potential toxicity of this plant have not been evaluated to support its therapeutic use. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the biological activity of RHTR against colorectal adenocarcinoma cells, determine its possible acute toxicity, and analyze its phytochemical composition. METHODS: The traditional preparation was performed by decoction of stems in distilled water (aqueous extract, AE), and flavonoids were concentrated with C18-cartridges and ethyl acetate (flavonoid fraction, FF). The biological activity was evaluated by MTT viability curves and the TUNEL assay in colorectal adenocarcinoma (CACO-2), ovarian epithelium (CHO-K1) and lung/bronchus epithelium (BEAS-2B) cells. The toxicological effect was determined in female BALB/c mice after 24 h and 14 days of intraperitoneal administration of 200 mg/kg AE and FF, respectively. Later, the animals were sacrificed for histopathological observation of organs and sera obtained by retro-orbital bleeding for biochemical marker analysis. Finally, the phytochemical characterization of AE and FF was conducted by UPLC-MSE. RESULTS: In the MTT assays, AE and FF at 5 and 18 µg/mL decreased the viability of CACO-2 cells compared with cells treated with vehicle or normal cells (p ≤ 0.05, ANOVA), with changes in cell morphology and the induction of apoptosis. Anatomical and histological analysis of organs did not reveal important pathological lesions at the time of assessment. Additionally, biochemical markers remained normal and showed no differences from those of the control group after 24 h and 14 days of treatment (p ≤ 0.05, ANOVA). Finally, UPLC-MSE analysis revealed 173 compounds in AE-RHTR, primarily flavonoids, fatty acids and phenolic acids. The most abundant compounds in AE and FF were quercetin and myricetin derivates (glycosides), methyl gallate, epigallocatechin-3-cinnamate, ß-PGG, fisetin and margaric acid, which might be related to the anticancer properties of RHTR. CONCLUSION: RHTR exhibits biological activity against cancer cells and does not present adverse toxicological effects during its in vivo administration, supporting its traditional use.

7.
Trials ; 20(1): 387, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31262366

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to compare the safety and efficacy of autologous mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) embedded in a xenogenic scaffold for repairing the supraspinatus tendon. METHODS: This was a randomized, double-blind and placebo-controlled trial evaluating patients with full-thickness rotator cuff tears (Eudra-CT, 2007-007630-19). Effectiveness was evaluated using the Constant score and a visual analogue pain scale (VAS). Constant score has four domains including pain (15 possible points), activities of daily living (20 possible points), mobility (40 possible points), and strength (25 possible points). Scores range from 0 points (most disability) to 100 points (least disability). The structural integrity of the repaired tendon was assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) according to Patte and Thomazeau classification criteria. The primary study end point was an improvement in the Constant score by 20 points at one year compared to initial assessment. RESULTS: The trial was stopped due to adverse effects observed in both groups. Only thirteen patients were included and analyzed. The Constant questionnaire showed a significant improvement in the MSC treatment group compared with the preoperative data (p = 0.0073). Secondary outcome measures were similar in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed preliminary inconclusive clinical outcomes in the patients treated with MSCs. Adverse events revealed the need for further approaches using scaffolds of a different nature or perhaps no scaffolds, in the context of small joints. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Eudra-CT, 2007-007630-19 . Registered on 30 January 2008. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: A Level 1 of evidence treatment study.

8.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther ; 50(3): 295-305, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31313358

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammation and overexpression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) have been described to play a key role in the progression from nonpathologic intestinal mucosa to colorectal cancer (CRC). AIMS: To assess the chemoprotective effect of non-aspirin nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NA-NSAIDs) under different patterns of use in a Mediterranean population and to explore the potential effect of symptomatic slow-acting drugs for osteoarthritis (SYSADOAs; chondroitin sulfate and glucosamine) and metamizole (or dipyrone), also reported to influence COX-2 activity. METHODS: We performed a case-control study nested in a cohort extracted from the primary care database, BIFAP. From 2001 to 2014, we included 15 491 incident cases and 60 000 random controls. To estimate the association between the drugs of interest and CRC, we built logistic regression models to compute the adjusted-odds ratios (AOR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). RESULTS: NA-NSAIDs use was associated with a reduced risk of CRC (AOR = 0.67; 95% CI: 0.63-0.71) and increased linearly with duration of treatment (p for trend <0.001). The effect diminished upon discontinuation but persisted statistically significant up to 1 year. All individual NA-NSAIDs examined showed a decreased risk. The concomitant use of proton-pump inhibitors (PPI) had no impact on the protective effect of NA-NSAIDs; AORPPI + NSAID  = 0.64; 0.58-0.71. SYSADOA use was associated with a reduced risk (0.79; 0.69-0.90) but disappeared after the exclusion of NSAID users during the previous 1 or 3 years (0.85; 0.70-1.04 and 1.00; 0.76-1.31 respectively). Metamizole did not show a chemoprotective effect. CONCLUSIONS: NA-NSAID use is associated with a duration-dependent risk reduction of CRC not shared by SYSADOAs or metamizole.

9.
Childs Nerv Syst ; 2019 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31267182

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Children with myelomeningocele (MMC) are at increased risk of developing neuromuscular scoliosis and spinal cord re-tethering (Childs Nerv Syst 12:748-754, 1996; Neurosurg Focus 16:2, 2004; Neurosurg Focus 29:1, 2010). Some centers perform prophylactic untethering on asymptomatic MMC patients prior to scoliosis surgery because of concern that additional traction on the cord may place the patient at greater risk of neurologic deterioration peri-operatively. However, prophylactic untethering may not be justified if it carries increased surgical risks. The purpose of this study was to determine if prophylactic untethering is necessary in asymptomatic children with MMC undergoing scoliosis surgery. METHODS: A multidisciplinary, retrospective cohort study from seven children's hospitals was performed including asymptomatic children with MMC < 21 years old, managed with or without prophylactic untethering prior to scoliosis surgery. Patients were divided into three groups for analysis: (1) untethering at the time of scoliosis surgery (concomitant untethering), (2) untethering within 3 months of scoliosis surgery (prior untethering), and (3) no prophylactic untethering. Baseline data, intra-operative reports, and 90-day post-operative outcomes were analyzed to assess for differences in neurologic outcomes, surgical complications, and overall length of stay. RESULTS: A total of 208 patients were included for analysis (mean age 9.4 years, 52% girls). No patient in any of the groups exhibited worsened motor or sensory function at 90 days post-operatively. However, comparing the prophylactic untethering groups with the group that was not untethered, there was an increased risk of surgical site infection (SSI) (31.3% concomitant, 28.6% prior untethering vs. 12.3% no untethering; p = 0.0104), return to the OR (43.8% concomitant, 23.8% prior untethering vs. 17.4% no untethering; p = 0.0047), need for blood transfusion (51.6% concomitant, 57.1% prior untethering vs. 33.8% no untethering; p = 0.04), and increased mean length of stay (LOS) (13.4 days concomitant, 10.6 days prior untethering vs. 6.8 days no untethering; p < 0.0001). In multivariable logistic regression analysis, prophylactic untethering was independently associated with increased adjusted relative risks of surgical site infection (aRR = 2.65, 95% CI 1.17-5.02), unplanned re-operation (aRR = 2.17, 95% CI 1.02-4.65), and any complication (aRR = 2.25, 95% CI 1.07-4.74). CONCLUSION: In this study, asymptomatic children with myelomeningocele who underwent scoliosis surgery developed no neurologic injuries regardless of prophylactic untethering. However, those who underwent prophylactic untethering were more likely to experience SSIs, return to the OR, need a blood transfusion, and have increased LOS than children not undergoing untethering. Based on these data, prophylactic untethering in asymptomatic MMC patients prior to scoliosis surgery does not provide any neurological benefit and is associated with increased surgical risks.

10.
Radiol Med ; 2019 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31267321

RESUMO

Lung ultrasound (LUS) achieved an intriguing role in the management of pulmonary involvement in patients affected by connective tissues diseases (CTDs). Few studies have been performed to support its usefulness in the evaluation of the presence and the severity of interstitial lung disease (ILD), relating it to the information obtained with chest high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT). These results open up new fields of research in order to demonstrate the utility of LUS as screening tool to evaluate ILD in CTD. The aim of this review is to provide the "state of the art" of the role of LUS in the management of ILD associated with CTD.

11.
J Dairy Sci ; 2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31351729

RESUMO

The main objective of this study was to evaluate the risk factors for late embryonic loss (LEL) in supplemented grazing dairy cows. Additional objectives were to assess the incidence of LEL and its association with the reproductive performance of cows. A data set containing productive, reproductive, and health records of 13,551 lactations was used. A retrospective case-control study involving 631 cows with LEL (cases) and 2,524 controls (4 controls per case within each study year) was run. A case of LEL was defined when the embryo had no heartbeat or there was evidence of detached membranes or floating structures including embryo remnants by ultrasonography (US) at 28 to 42 d post-artificial insemination (AI), whereas a non-case was defined as a cow diagnosed with positive pregnancy by US 28 to 42 d post-AI and reconfirmed as pregnant 90 ± 7 d post-AI. Four controls per case were randomly selected from the non-cases with a temporal matching criterion (±3 d around the date of the fecundating AI of the case). Multivariable logistic models were offered with the following predictors: year of LEL (2011 through 2015), season of LEL (summer vs. fall vs. winter vs. spring), parity (1 vs. 2 vs. ≥3), uterine disease (UD), non-uterine disease (NUD), body condition score at parturition, body condition score at 28 to 42 d post-AI (BCS-LEL), days in milk (DIM), and daily milk yield (MY). Statistical significance was set at P < 0.05 and a tendency was set at P ≤ 0.10. We found that 4.7, 22, and 23% of cows had LEL, UD, and NUD, respectively. Cases tended to have higher daily MY than controls (32.5 vs. 31.8 kg); also, cases had much longer calving to pregnancy interval (226 vs. 118 d), lower hazard of pregnancy [hazard ratio = 0.39, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.35-0.43], and higher odds for non-pregnancy [odds ratio (OR) = 2.89, 95% CI = 2.37-3.54] than controls. We found that the odds for LEL increased with parity number (OR = 2.48, 95% CI = 1.99-3.08 for parity ≥3) and with BCS-LEL <2.50 (OR = 1.81, 95% CI = 1.33-2.47). Conversely, the odds for LEL decreased with BCS-LEL >3.00 (OR = 0.70, 95% CI = 0.53-0.91). The odds for LEL increased with UD (OR = 1.23, 95% CI = 1.01-1.49), NUD (OR = 1.24, 95% CI = 1.01-1.54), DIM (OR = 1.03, 95% CI = 1.00-1.05), and daily MY (OR = 1.14, 95% CI = 1.04-1.25) in univariable models only. Finally, the odds for LEL were not associated with year, season, DIM, and body condition score at parturition. In conclusion, LEL is associated with extended calving to pregnancy interval, and among its risk factors are parity number and BCS-LEL.

13.
BMJ Open ; 9(7): e028750, 2019 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31300503

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Hypotension is of particular relevance for patients with heart failure (HF), since almost all HF drugs cause lowering of blood pressure (BP) and it is associated with a poor prognosis. We aimed to investigate hypotension incidence and risk factors in patients with incident HF in the UK. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study including nested case-control analyses. SETTING: The Health Improvement Network UK primary care database. PARTICIPANTS: 18 677 adult patients with incident HF during 2000-2005 were followed and cases of hypotension (systolic BP ≤90 mm Hg) were identified. Controls were age-matched, sex-matched and date-matched to cases (1:2). PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: We estimated hypotension incidence in the full study population and relevant subgroups (eg, sex and age). Potential risk factors for hypotension overall and for multiple versus single hypotensive episodes were evaluated using conditional logistic regression and unconditional regression models, respectively. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 3.31 years, 2565 patients (13.7%) developed hypotension. The incidence of hypotension was 3.17 cases per 100 patient years (95% confidence interval (CI): 3.05-3.30), and was markedly increased in women aged 18-39 years (n=32; 17.72 cases per 100 patient-years; 95% CI: 9.69-29.73). Hypotension risk factors included high healthcare utilisation (proxy measure for HF severity and general comorbidity; eg, ≥10 primary care physician visits versus none, odds ratio (OR): 2.29; 95% CI: 1.34-3.90), previous hypotensive episodes (OR: 2.32; 95% CI: 1.84-2.92), renal failure and use of aldosterone antagonists, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers. Risk factors identified for hypotension generally overlapped with those for multiple versus single hypotensive episodes. CONCLUSIONS: Hypotension occurs frequently in patients with incident HF. Our findings may help identify patients most likely to benefit from close BP monitoring. The increased incidence of hypotension in young women with HF requires investigation.

14.
J Med Food ; 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31268391

RESUMO

Air-dried leaves of a Musa spp. AAB, cv. "Manzano" plant, known as Ja'as in the Maya culture, were sequentially extracted with hexane, ethyl acetate, and methanol; the resulting extracts were investigated for their antimycobacterial activity against susceptible and drug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) using the Microplate Alamar Blue Assay. Both the n-hexane extract (HE) and ethyl acetate extract (EE) showed potent activity against both strains of MTB, with the EE exhibiting the strongest activity and a Minimum Inhibitory Concentration of 12.5 and 6.25 µg/mL against susceptible and drug-resistant strains, respectively. Both extracts also demonstrated a mycobactericidal effect and a very good selectivity index when tested for cytotoxic activity on Vero monkey kidney cells, using the Sulforhodamine B assay. Our results demonstrate the efficiency and selectivity of Musa spp. AAB, cv. "Manzano" against MTB strains and support its traditional use as remedy against tuberculosis in Maya traditional medicine.

15.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 243: 112081, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31319121

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Wild basil (Ocimum campechianum Mill.), an aromatic herb of the Lamiaceae family known as "albahaca de monte" (Spanish) or "x'kakaltun" (Mayan) in Yucatan, is used in Mayan traditional medicine to treat diabetes, as well as to alleviate fever symtoms, stomach pain, conjunctivitis, and various skin affections. AIM OF THE STUDY: To isolate and identify the bioactive metabolites responsible for the α-glucosidase inhibitory activity previously detected in the leaf infusion O. campechianum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The bioassay-guided fractionation and purification of the lyophilized infusion was carried out using a liquid-liquid partition procedure, followed by successive chromatographic purifications of the semipurified fractions. The isolated metabolites were identified by comparing their spectroscopic data with those reported in the literature. The liophylized infusion, together with the semipurified fractions, and the pure metabolites were tested for their antioxidant and α-glucosidase inhibitory activities, as well as their antihyperglycemic effect. RESULTS: Chromatographic purification of the semipurified fractions led to the isolation of the polymethoxylated flavones 5-demethyl nobiletin (1) and 5-demethyl sinensetin (2), together with luteolin (3), methyl rosmarinate (4) and rosmarinic acid (5). Metabolites 4 and 5 appear to be responsible for the α-glucosidase inhibitory activity and the antihyperglycemic effect detected in the lyophilized infusion. A Lineweaver-Burk double reciprocal plot confirmed that the higher α-glucosidase inhibitory activity of 4 is of non-competitive nature. Both 4 and 5 caused a decrease in blood glucose higher than that caused by acarbose, a result that appears to be related to their strong α-glucosidase inhibitory activity. Even though flavonoids 1-3 did not show a good inhibition of α-glucosidase, these products decreased blood glucose in the in vivo model, suggesting a different antihyperglycemic mechanism. CONCLUSIONS: The results confirm both the traditional use of O. campechianum and the importance of the leaf infusion as a potential source of antihyperglycemic agents. The isolation of 5-demethyl nobiletin (1) and 5-demethyl sinensetin (2) from O. campechianum and other Ocimum spp. suggests that polymethoxyflavones can be considered chemotaxonomical markers for the genus.

16.
Dalton Trans ; 48(32): 12105-12115, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31321395

RESUMO

Barium-lithium titanate (Ba2Li2/3Ti16/3O13) was synthesized by using a flux method under some conditions with various chloride salts as the flux, thermal treatment temperatures, solute concentrations, and cooling rates. As a result, fine particles of this material with a rod-like morphology were obtained for the first time. It is suggested that this morphology with high crystallinity is responsible for the increase in the photocatalytic activity of this material without any co-catalyst for H2 and CO evolution from water and CO2. The observed photocatalytic performance is discussed taking into consideration the differences in physicochemical properties, obtained as a result of the synthesis using this method under the different conditions.

17.
Curr Opin Pediatr ; 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31361678

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an update of vascular malformation syndromes by reviewing the most recent articles on the topic and following the new International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies (ISSVA) 2018 classification. RECENT FINDINGS: This review discusses the main features and diagnostic approaches of the vascular malformation syndromes, the new genetic findings and the new therapeutic strategies developed in recent months. SUMMARY: Some vascular malformations can be associated with other anomalies, such as tissue overgrowth. PIK3CA-related overgrowth spectrum (PROS) is a group of rare genetic disorders with asymmetric overgrowth caused by somatic mosaic mutations in PI3K-AKT-mTOR pathway that encompass a heterogeneous group of rare disorder that are associated with the appearance of overgrowth. CLOVES syndrome and Klippel-Trénaunay syndrome are PROS disease. Proteus syndrome is an overgrowth syndrome caused by a somatic activating mutation in AKT1. CLOVES, Klippel-Trénaunay and Proteus syndromes are associated with high risk of thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia is an autosomic dominant disorder characterized by the presence of arteriovenous malformations. New therapeutic strategies with bevacizumab and thalidomide have been employed with promising results.

18.
Rev. cienc. med. Pinar Rio ; 23(3): 473-479, mayo.-jun. 2019. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1003788

RESUMO

RESUMEN Introducción: el quiste dentígero es el segundo tipo de quistes odontogénicos más frecuente y de etiología aún desconocida que comprende cerca del 20 % de todos los quistes encontrados en los maxilares. Por lo general, está relacionado con la corona de uno o varios dientes no erupcionados. Su gran potencial de crecimiento conduce a asimetrías, parestesia, desplazamiento dentario y hasta transformación neoplásica por lo que la actitud terapéutica ante el mismo, reviste singular importancia. Presentación del caso: se presenta el caso clínico de un paciente de seis años de edad, raza blanca, con antecedentes de salud que acude a la consulta de Ortodoncia por presentar alteraciones en el brote de los incisivos superiores, al examen bucal presenta dentición mixta temprana con dientes 21 y 22 ubicados de forma adecuada, con persistencia de dientes temporales en zona contralateral, en Rayos X panorámico se observa amplia zona radiolúcida con dientes 11 y 12 incluidos en posición horizontal. Se optó por la modalidad de tratamiento que requiere este caso Conclusiones: con el tratamiento realizado se logró eliminar el quiste dentígero, así como restablecer la oclusión dentaria funcional y estética. La relevancia científica del caso consiste en que esta condición es más común en la segunda y tercera década de vida, por lo que se considera una enfermedad rara en niños.


ABSTRACT Introduction: the tooth cyst is the second most frequent type of odontogenic cysts and still unknown etiology that comprises about 20% of all cysts found in the jaws. It is usually related to the crown of one or more unerupted teeth. Its great growth potential leads to asymmetries, paresthesia, dental displacement and even neoplastic transformation, so that the therapeutic attitude towards it is of singular importance. Case Report: a 6-year-old white patient with a health history who came to the orthodontic practice for presenting alterations in the outbreak of the superior incisors, the oral examination showed early mixed dentition with teeth 21 and 22 properly located with persistence of temporary teeth in contralateral zone, in panoramic X-rays it was observed a wide radiolucent zone with teeth 11 and 12 included in horizontal position. The treatment modality required in this case Conclusions: with the treatment carried out, the dentigerous cyst was early eliminated, reestablishing the functional aesthetic dental occlusion. The scientific relevance of the case is that this condition is more common in the second and third decade of life, being considered a rare pathology in children.

19.
Rev. colomb. quím. (Bogotá) ; 48(1): 16-25, ene.-jun. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1003848

RESUMO

Abstract Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP) is an essential biomolecule that participates in the redox homeostasis and synthesis of signaling compounds. NAD kinase (NADK) (EC 2.7.1.23 / 2.7.1.86) is the only enzyme capable of synthesizing NADP. This study offers an approach to the NADP metabolism in the parasite Giardia intestinalis, the etiological agent of giardiasis, a disease of high prevalence in America, Asia and Africa. Through bioinformatics tools a NADK enzyme candidate was identified, whose tertiary structure modeling demonstrated distinctive and universal motifs of characterized NADKs. The corresponding recombinant protein (His-GINADK) was expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) and its partial purification was achieved by nickel affinity chromatography. Functional identification, which showed NADP synthesis, was completed through enzymatic assays evaluated by RP-HPLC. A cytosolic localization of the endogenous GINADK enzyme was observed in trophozoites throughout indirect immunofluorescence analysis, using polyclonal antibodies produced in mice by its immunization with the His-GINADK protein, purified from inclusion bodies. Taken together, our results contribute to the understanding of the NADP metabolism and the physiological role of NADK in the Giardia model.


Resumen El dinucleótido de adenina y nicotinamida fosfato (NADP) es una biomolécula esencial que participa en la homeostasis redox y en la síntesis de compuestos de señalización. La única enzima capaz de sintetizar NADP es la NAD Quinasa (NADK, EC 2.7.1.23 / 2.7.1.86). En este estudio se presenta un acercamiento al metabolismo del NADP en el parásito Giardia intestinalis, agente etiológico de la giardiasis, una enfermedad de alta prevalencia en América, África y Asia. Mediante herramientas bioinformáticas se identificó un candidato a NADK, cuya predicción a nivel de estructura terciaria mostró motivos característicos y universales de NADKs previamente caracterizadas. La proteína recombinante correspondiente (His-GINADK) se expresó en Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) y se purificó parcialmente mediante cromatografía de afinidad a níquel. La síntesis de NADP por parte de la proteína His-GINADK se comprobó mediante ensayos enzimáticos evaluados por RP-HPLC. Adicionalmente, se determinó una localización subcelular citosólica en trofozoítos del parásito, empleando inmunofluorescencia indirecta y anticuerpos policlonales producidos en modelos murinos inmunizados con la proteína His-GINADK purificada a partir de cuerpos de inclusión. Los resultados obtenidos representan un avance en el entendimiento del metabolismo del NADP y de la importancia fisiológica de la NADK en el modelo de Giardia.


Resumo A nicotinamida adenina dinucleótido fosfato (NADP) é uma biomolécula essencial que participa na homeostase redox e na síntese de importantes compostos de sinalização. A NAD quinase (NADK) (EC 2.7.1.23 / 2.7.1.86) é a única enzima capaz de sintetizar o NADP. Este estudo apresenta uma abordagem do metabolismo do NADP no parasita Giardia intestinalis que causa giardíase, uma doença de alta prevalência na América, Ásia e África. Através de ferramentas de bioinformática, um candidato a enzima NADK foi identificado no parasita, cuja modelagem de estrutura terciária, demonstra motivos distintos e universais de NADKs caracterizadas. A correspondente proteína recombinante (His-GINADK) foi expressa em Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) e a sua purificação parcial foi conseguida por cromatografia de afinidade com níquel. A identificação funcional, que mostrou a síntese de NADP, foi completada através de ensaios enzimáticos avaliados por RP-HPLC. Uma localização citosólica da enzima GINADK endógena foi observada em trofozoítos ao longo da análise de imunofluorescência indireta, utilizando anticorpos policlonais produzidos em camundongos, imunizados com a proteína His-GINADK purificada de corpos de inclusão. Em conjunto, nossos resultados contribuem para a compreensão do metabolismo do NADP e da importância fisiológica do NADK no modelo de Giardia.

20.
Food Res Int ; 122: 25-39, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31229078

RESUMO

In recent years, the variety and volume of data acquired by modern analytical instruments in order to conduct a better authentication of food has dramatically increased. Several pattern recognition tools have been developed to deal with the large volume and complexity of available trial data. The most widely used methods are principal component analysis (PCA), partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), soft independent modelling by class analogy (SIMCA), k-nearest neighbours (kNN), parallel factor analysis (PARAFAC), and multivariate curve resolution-alternating least squares (MCR-ALS). Nevertheless, there are alternative data treatment methods, such as support vector machine (SVM), classification and regression tree (CART) and random forest (RF), that show a great potential and more advantages compared to conventional ones. In this paper, we explain the background of these methods and review and discuss the reported studies in which these three methods have been applied in the area of food quality and authenticity. In addition, we clarify the technical terminology used in this particular area of research.

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